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tv   Week 1 The Crossing  Al Jazeera  June 20, 2018 4:00am-5:01am +03

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witnessed a scene. on al-jazeera. hello again this is al jazeera i'm adrian finighan with the top stories this hour a cesspool of political bias that's how the u.s. has described the u.n. human rights council and that's its justification for pulling out of the un body president donald trump had been threatening to quit the rights party if it wasn't reformed zeros roslyn jordan reports no special a year ago the u.s. ambassador to the united nations criticize the u.n. human rights council for what she called its hypocritical behavior and nikki haley said the u.s. would quit the council if it didn't change its ways it's hard to accept that this
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council has never considered a resolution on venezuela and yet it adopted five biased resolutions in march against a single country israel it is essential that this council address it's chronic anti israel bias if it is to have any credibility it is correct to criticize the state of israel for its actions as said by rabbi law you can you can challenge the us really government's policies without being a mighty comet such as this a permanent agenda item investigating israel's treatment of palestinians and the us is recent failure to prevent the un general assembly from condemning israel's use of force in gaza finally made the trumpet ministration say enough on tuesday but when organizations undermine our national interests and our allies we will not be complicit when they seek to infringe on our national sovereignty we will not be silent we take this step because our commitment does not allow us to remain
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a part of a hypocritical and self-serving organization that makes a mockery of human rights we could have withdrawn immediately we did not do that instead we made a good faith effort to resolve the problems the u.s. has had a troubled relationship with the council when it was set up in two thousand and six president george. bush refused to join because he feared countries with poor human rights records would be able to sit on a panel intended to punish human rights violators key in bush's decision making the us ambassador to the un at the time john bolton he's now president trumps national security advisor to president barack obama then joined the council in two thousand and nine argued the us would have more influence and give israel more protection from negative resolutions in the process now the u.s. is leaving the council again and that has human rights groups around the world very concerned they fear that without the american presence on the council it will be
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much less able to whole country such as russia syria or north korea accountable for the mistreatment of their citizens it's also not clear how long washington plans to stay away from the human rights council rosalyn jordan al-jazeera the state department and the u.s. president donald trump has been meeting republicans on capitol hill to discuss passing legislation to overhaul the immigration system trump says that something needs to be done to curb illegal immigration and he plans to sign either of two republican bills that the house passes trump has been out of his criticism his policy of separating migrant families at the mexico border which he continues to defend saudi embassy coalition forces have taken control of parts of her datas and port in yemen as they continue to fight to the rebels the u.n. and aid agencies fear the battle will spread to the city and cause a humanitarian disaster. north korea's leader has told china that his country will
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do all it can to protect peace kim jong un briefed china's president xi jinping on his summit with the u.s. president donald trump and singapore north korean state media says the two leaders discussed ways to work towards denuclearization there's been more violence in the garage after the latest round of talks between the government and protesters failed at least two people died in the southern city of maceo after police and paramilitary confronted demonstrators earlier protest leaders abandoned talks mediated by the catholic church the opposition is accusing the government of not keeping its promise to invite international monitors to investigate the violence which began in april this year. those are the headlines the news continues here on al-jazeera after the war in october next.
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london october the fifth nine hundred seventy three. shortly after midnight the phone rings in the home of debbie asher of an israeli case officer handling and egyptian spy they simply called the source. it is the source himself his message is simple i need to meet the boss. within minutes shrub has called television to wake his superior speed samir director of israel's intelligence service mossad. in just
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a few hours samir is heading for the british capital. later and one of my sons london safe houses samir meets the source. the information he hears is astonishing. but what makes it all the more important is the identity of the man delivering it. off one was one of the best spot used in escanaba history he was the perfect spy it was not only cliff and vai of a fish and thought he was also the fray crossed with the information it was a lot of people from nasa. with the right hand man of president saddam. so when my one told the mayor that the following day at eight hundred hours egypt and syria would launch an attack on israel there was every reason to believe him.
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but was this a genuine leak from the very center of a gyptian power over was the source operating under orders giving information designed to deceive the e.u. and the someone like ashraf out of juan will do nothing without alters from either the egyptian intelligence service all the political leadership on the from president said that himself. fourteen hundred hours saturday sixth of october my nine hundred seventy three. the holiest day in the jewish calendar of young people the day of atonement. egypt and syria launch an all out war against israel. the targets liberating
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the sinai peninsula and the golan heights territories occupied by israel six years earlier in the six day war. israel is completely unprepared its regular army outnumbered its reservists not at present on either front. so the question of how to israel which scored such just because our troops just six years before the six day war permitted so to get into this situation there's us. yes or if it's their war with us because of the script. richard israel could abort earth. that lightning victory brought with it an illusion of invulnerability. israel
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seemed secure behind a protective military cuts and. and despite intelligence warnings during september nine hundred seventy three of an upcoming arab attack the head of amman israel's military intelligence general. was convinced there was nothing to worry about. saddam's close relationship with the soviets guaranteed a supply of military hardware. at the israelis knew he had been able to obtain the latest generation of attack weapons. without them israel's military might outweight egypt in the balance. but ever since the humiliation of the six day war egyptians had to see their country fight back. as it continues says fawzia as there was
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a device they think feeling of a crisis and defeat there was tension there was disorder including the most thracians and the occupation of to have squared and everyone wanted to fight back the regime was accused of failure and therefore so that was heavily criticized the . people in the streets agitated for the most powerful constituency of all egypt's more than one million strong army was desperate to show that it could fight and win against the israeli enemy they had to look at every day just two hundred meters across the suez canal. and implicitly in the back that israeli flag i cannot describe the feeling of my generation knows this feeling very well you know stretching for one hundred sixty seven kilometers israeli flag is up high in every kilometer to right before your
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eyes of all along the canal that i swear this week nearly turned the color of the suez canal black eye so it's black and when i looked towards the desert i saw it only grading from black to gray at the are just so much depressing look this has a duty to it. with outdated weapons and lacking the ability to liberate the whole of sinai in a military operation in february nine hundred seventy one less than four months after taking power sadat offered a peace deal if the israelis would withdraw from sinai. israeli prime minister. rebuffed. why should i believe now after this experience that anybody under any circumstances can assure. us something more tangible now than we had in the past for israel then to give up.
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side. probably have been an impractical thing to achieve. unfortunately sometimes it really does take a military offensive to change perceptions of negotiating. so it had to be. but sadat had a bold idea in mind. could a limited war bring the attention of the world superpowers back to the region and jump start stalled peace initiatives. it was a plan developed by his chief of staff sergeant says lee. and another call me for that. now and we can cross the sous canal with infantry troops one of the stop but then two fifty kilometers advancing with our air defenses to the west bank of
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the canal it has the kind of i want which gives us an anti aircraft amberleigh for fifteen kilometers east of the canal at that point i stop even if the enemy withdraws because the enemy has one of two options either confront in which case i can inflict huge losses or stop two feet of those big losses at the lock off and that it's across if. as he contemplated a limited war sadat found an ally. opposite as it had come to power in syria in one nine hundred seventy through a coup de tat. he too had points to prove to his people. they have and that's out there in the voice of the said as he lets up last year we should not forget that half of the lawsuit was the defense minister during the one nine hundred sixty seven defeat and he was mainly held accountable because you
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cannot exonerate the defense minister for such a defeat to the syrian army that off the face of a full of history so when half of the us that came to power in syria he started to absolve himself of the ny. nine hundred sixty seven defeat and to prepare the syrian army for the next battle but when would that be ok no one knew of them arctic and that meant that. in a series of meetings throughout the one nine hundred seventy three sadat's and refined the war plan. it was given the code name bedded after the prophet muhammad's fust victorious battle against the nonbelievers. when they met in syria in late august and all specialist date was chosen on the sixth of october the tenth day of ramadan the muslim holy month the jewish holy day of young capote egypt and syria would launch
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a surprise attack against israel. but first a setback in the app unintentionally served to disguise that buildup and confuse the enemy. on the thirteenth of september israeli and syrian jets clashed over the mediterranean. the dogfight ended with the syrians losing thirteen aircraft the israelis only won. the heart of. my it could it's the beer afterwards when the syrian forces started building up we thought that in their opinion we deserved some sort of retribution but that the build up was because of that the come up. as syrian troop concentrations in the golan grew to the south on the suez canal there were clear signs of something similar. but it's a whole lot of meat that said father gary the super go to lots for me huge action
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army is getting stronger i'm constantly exercising but saw them raising a son home from their side hires him even higher than ours and opening gaps and getting into the water measuring the journey of carrying out all sorts of exercises on a commune crème forms the high command but they said don't worry how many of these are just standard egyptian army exercises of patience of obviously. only five months previously the israelis had responded quickly to a similar build up. they'd mobilize their reserves only to find that the egyptians had gone no further than the edge of the suez canal. this time on israel's military intelligence was determined not to make the same costly mistake was. in it documented them on published. of number of feet it was a perfect description of the egyptian army ready to go to war the bottom line was
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we nevertheless believe that there was no change in the egyptian estimate regarding the balance of forces with the f. and therefore the likelihood for war is low. but all that was about to change. that same night in london a chef murder one of the nasa son in law and said that's information secretary would tell israel's. mogens chief that the attack would begin at eight hundred hours the next day. at zero eight hundred hours on the sixth of october the israeli cabinet met in emergency session. instead of attending young people prayers to ask forgiveness for their sins they had been summoned by the threat of imminent war. there was an argument of both of. them. to do the ship of the but out to mobilize the
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whole of us almost the minister of defense for the time which had. his funds well before him if his own been mobilized have a selves. then in triptans may claim that it is a bit intends to. and they feel that we have to make it clear that is that they're not israel is attacking. in spite of diane's opposition at zero nine hundred hours a cabinet decided on immediate mobilization of israeli reserves. meanwhile on this holiest of holy days israeli soldiers on the front lines fasted and prayed. that their calm was to be interrupted with the news of the upcoming war . ironically across the canal egyptian troops were given their first
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warning of war at exactly the same time. they were to break their mother in fast and prepare for battle. but the attack would come earlier and the israelis had been led to believe. the monopod could give up at. the battalion commanders gathered us but he said break you fast we laughed but he distributed tea and dates and we broke our fast when we broke our fast but they're very dread there is no one who doesn't feel fear he said today at two pm and god willing to leave though we have venge and all will go invade. the operation and get the chief of staff sergeant shehadi issued us with guide books it was an important document to every officer and soldier dictating beat us all but led he went across the raft and its number who's on your right and on your left in the content of your duffel bag and everything it was wonderful he kept.
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in an operation they had rehearsed many times over the past six years. five egyptian infantry divisions would storm across the suez canal. code named of caught the israeli defense plan was based on the fifteen strong points of the bar-lev line. manned by just four hundred fifty men these foods would be supported by bringing one hundred tanks of the sinai armored division into position on the waterline. enough it was thought to foil any egyptian attempt to cross the canal. dove caught would be triggered two hours before the start of the battle. and that would be at six pm they knew that from a show of murder one the source. occurred then a friend yes yes it led primarily to
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a situation were there were no tanks in the positions in the egyptian front because the commander of the sun command gave an order not to move a new tank to their positions before four o'clock in the afternoon he was certain like everyone else but what was stopped six. in two thousand and two. exposed on mosques. and when i did eat it was us off my wall on the egyptian national hero causing more of your wool is a double edge and in fact he warns me joy will be the calm of the gibson deception plan before night the seven speak. of job a six foot two hundred hours war. two hundred twenty jets at the egyptian at the suez canal heading for the sinai. their
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targets israel's command centers fields and anti-aircraft batteries. but have to have some secular for a if the busts even flying at the altitude of five kilometers i was looking at sinai an explosion here another there and the israeli anti-aircraft missiles targeting our planes in our planes striking at their missile sites but you know what it was like a wedding with very lights the lights flashing on an arc of a beautiful city i mean sinai looked almost joyful. but. the egyptian air craft returned to the at fields off to destroying their targets for the loss of just eight planes. but one of the first casualties was significant president sadat sprog. it
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was the different octopus of that was my classmate we never felt he was a president's brother or anything like that he looked like a movie star a landie along with fair hair green eyes so elegant and so manly and he talked his all in piloting and the knowledge but because of his competence not his brother because. within minutes of the first aerial attacks a massive alltel or a barrel begins. theat . twenty minutes off to zero hour under cover of the continuing artillery fire the first wave of egyptian ground troops crossed the canal. four thousand men and seven hundred twenty rafts.
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there in an f. c. in a shelter. praise be to god we found ourselves on the other bank can you imagine if we climbed the sand wolf when timi to high sand will not just feel fault but the twenty the soldiers who are climbing over there like butterflies to hide as a good digging. with the warhol for now old dove caught the israeli defense plan is rushed into action. tanks begin their move towards the canal from where they've been dug in five kilometers to the east. when the egyptian infantry go across first got across the canal they knew how the israelis will respond they had you eighty three so.
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these infantry portable missile systems. they proved very effective against the israeli armor. i mean. i had a million questions does the myside have enough destructive power but with the first missile and the first tank that's also everything for me. in this war was a new lesson emerging from the egyptian special forces an infantry that a single soldier can now take a. the previous week mike thank you it was a lesson that was not just all over the wood but that it's a good. three
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hours into the war forty five egyptian infantry battalions formed thirty two thousand men have crossed the canal. the foods of the bar-lev line have been taken or besieged most of the israeli tanks have been destroyed. it has failed. to soft but so far. from a. at the end of the day you had just to tell us left of my battalion along with my armored personnel carrier. so then they notified me that there's a brigade on its way to be a leader and that the brigade commander for gabby i mean asks where is the battalion and i say therefore this is the battalion and laugh he knows me and knows that i joke around sometimes for permits and i said to him no gabby this is the
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battalion. we're kind of every very good. after the first wave of egyptian infantry has made the canal crossing thirty five battalions of engineers follow. adult lunch in for a look at. the engineers crossed with the second wave they put the palms together fixed the hoses and started to point them at the sand wall and started falling down feet this was a big breakthrough as opening up passengers who may have less to operate the ferries a move some call it across especially the battalions artillery and the weapons needed to stop any counterattack by the enemy on the eastern side of the elements in the love that. the for. the next phase of the engine is what was to erect a pontoon bridge just for the tanks and heavy weapons.
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by sunrise on day two it looked as if the rule had been an unequivocal success for egypt's armed forces. one hundred thousand men. more than a thousand tanks and of a ten thousand other vehicles had crossed the suez canal with only minimal losses. the egyptian army came away from the one nine hundred sixty seven arab israeli war ashamed of itself and in nineteen seventy three the egyptian army proved that it was capable of military success and military victory. that was very important to the egyptians as a fighting force because it proved to them that they themselves could succeed.
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circumstances and facts that point her to this murder confessions are useless without corroboration she thought and they are questioning her about her being a victim of a rape not a suspect in a murder case nearly false confession involves a completely made up story some will say anything thinking they can fix it later but there's no fixing it later and these statements are used against them in a court of law the system was joe bellenger on al-jazeera. candid testimonies from the binny's women who are staying single longer. what's causing this cultural shift in society already be set by religious and social tensions. and are there implications for the arab world as
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a whole. by choice on how to. allow again adrian from going to here in doha with the headlines on al-jazeera the u.s. is withdrawing from the united nations human rights council accusing it of chronic bias against israel donald trump's administration has long threatened to quit if the rights body was not reformed the united states is officially withdrawing from the un human rights council in doing so i want to make it crystal clear that this step is not a retreat from human rights commitments on the contrary we take this step because our commitment does not allow us to remain a part of a hypocritical and self-serving organization that makes
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a mockery of human rights we did not make this decision lightly u.s. president donald trump has been meeting republicans on capitol hill to discuss passing legislation to overhaul the immigration system trump says that something needs to be done to curb illegal arrivals and he planned society either of the two republican bills but the house passes trump has been on the fierce criticism for his policy of separating migrant families at the mexico border which he continues to defend. saudi embassy coalition forces have taken control of parts of her daters airport in yemen as they continue to fight who the rebels the u.n. and aid agencies fear the battle will spread to the city and cause a humanitarian disaster. north korea's leader has told china that his country will do all it can to protect peace kim jong un briefed china's president xi jinping on his summit with u.s. president donald trump in singapore north korean state media says the two leaders discussed ways to work towards denuclearization there's been more violence in the
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garage after the latest round of talks between the government and protesters failed at least two people died in the southern city of maceo after police and paramilitary confronted demonstrators early a protest leaders abandoned talks mediated by the catholic church the opposition is accusing the government of not keeping its promises to invite international monitors to investigate the violence which began in april. severe weather hit parts of southern and midwest united states with heavy rain causing flash flooding in many states people had to be rescued in illinois as rising waters submerged roads and houses there are no reports of injury or major damage but more heavy rain is forecast and those the headlines non-answers their let's get you back to the war in october. thank.
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you.
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at fourteen hundred hours on october sixth nine hundred seventy three young kid poor siren sounded across israel. it was war again. a show bit of trouble publishing vicious trade the elegant shoosh of a lot of features a whole new the one memory i have from the one nine hundred fifty six while i was hearing air raid sirens at night and my father wrapping me in a thick blanket and running with me to the shelter about sixty of them on yom kippur or at two in the afternoon we heard a siren when i did the same thing i took the very same blanket wrapped my six month old son up at the i ran with him to the shelter of possibly her looked after us not was the first time but i knew it was a war going on without steve told me clout saw the show last year of on the chicago little home. at the same time as egypt was crossing the suez canal and the
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golan heights to israel's north syria join the fray. a database harvest i turn to the president has said and said it is time he said that with god's blessing we start i picked up the phone and gave the operation code it was better but added. better but it didn't leap. one hundred fifty syrian jets started the war with a massive aerial strike on israeli positions and the going on. minutes later a thousand artillery pieces opened fire paving the way for the ground assault and. three syrian and. entry divisions formed of forty thousand troops and six hundred tanks cross the puppy line the ceasefire line after the nine hundred sixty seven
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war. two hours into the war the syrians gained their first significant victory when they captured israel's eye a key israeli vantage point two thousand meters above sea level on top of mount hermon. this is what was that was well worth it so the syrian paratroopers who carried out the operation advanced first on a ford then another unit was dropped by helicopters from where the battle mount hermon and both units were able to capture the israeli forces who surrendered to the weapons then they raise the syrian flag are now in turmoil and that was the best news we received during the first hour. of. the syrian paratroopers we're joined by a unit of palestinian commandos. but the. you cannot imagine the feeling you are now to catching something from the israelis
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for the first time in their lives where. the battle for the outpost lasted only forty five minutes thirteen israeli soldiers were killed thirty one taken prisoner . for them the how to remodel. what about our home they captured the outpost and had with them russian and german experts who dismantled all the equipment at the. actually they passed by us carrying the equipment from the outpost which had belonged to the israeli army who. were different. from the slightly. facing the massive syrian ground assault was an outnumbered israeli defensive line guarded by two hundred israeli soldiers and ten outposts and two ahmed brigades numbering almost one hundred eighty tanks. we forgot the music.
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of bach i looked up and i saw dust tracks coming from the east and it was of course tanks coming towards us as they advanced it began to get dark so we started shooting at them from very long range for five kilometers and we tried to stop their advance then just as they were getting close enough that we were starting to hurt them darkness fell. by nightfall on day one pushing through unguarded holes in the israeli line syrian tanks would penetrate into central go around the key city of. capital of the occupied heights. come attorney and. the second big news came with the breakthrough of the seventh division into the outskirts of. the third success was when the ninth division reached. that's
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a town named the south of. it meant that it was encircled from many sides and that was very good news. for. yes more syrian tanks had now advanced into southern gaulin forming a bulge and. recapturing a large part of the strategic heights. by midnight the syrians had made major gains but now strangely the order came to stop the advance and regroup for another assault in the morning. before them the road stretching down to the jordan valley and the heart of israel and defended. just a few kilometers to the east on the edge of the golan the positions which had they been taken would have been virtually impregnable. it's clear that the syrian army did not permit junior commanders discretion in how to act out and regardless of
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which senior person was in control in damascus nobody felt that vein could just side to continue without the approval from damascus. president hafez al assad was controlling the syrian army with an iron grip. no one was allowed to act outside the original plan. of it nor can. he lived with us he had a bedroom at the command center he slept there and when he woke up he used to salute us and take his place behind the operations desk he was always there in the command center or in his room in the same place or after office in the car. within hours almost a quarter of a million israelis would be mobilized. these reservists were vital support without them the regular forces were facing
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a huge arab numerical superiority. the syrians had calculated it would take the israeli reserves twenty four hours to reach the goal line. in fact the first times were there by midnight at the end of day one just fifteen hours after they had been mobilized. this nine hour difference was to prove crucial. essentially once the syrians fail to take it in twenty four hours and then at that stage you have the israelis begin to really organize themselves and the syrian victory becomes increasingly less likely as as as israel has mobilized. at first light on day two syrian tank commanders could see fifteen kilometers west down to the sea of galilee and the city of tire various but also in the sites israeli
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tanks that simply shouldn't have been that. could have sued them in hama they were the syrians began to lose the wall they didn't know this yet because the reserve tanks like my brigade started being ready after just fifteen hours instead of twenty four hours some of them went out a lot but mainly they stopped a strike over from the regular forces join the night combat between october sixth and seventh shushi local. shortly off to dawn ignoring the fact that the israelis had successfully mobilized to meet them the syrians launched their plan tank assault. their main target was nothing. the israeli advanced command center and the strategic crossroads that controls the golan. after capturing the syrians would move westwards towards the but not bridge over the jordan river.
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the bridge was less than fifteen kilometers away and beyond it lay the israeli mainland. the israelis were on the verge of disaster. and of your we want to warn you we suddenly started shooting at the syrians from three or four different directions we fired on the syrians were stopped some of them managed to bypass enough. but we beat the syrians here and it was here that a battle would have lasted till the night of october seventh finally and the. israelis managed to stop the syrians but paid a heavy price and men and tanks. on top of the casualties the commander of the hundred eighty eighth armored brigade. venture homme was killed along with his deputy and operations officer. having failed in his main objective to
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take the israeli forward base that now found in his damascus command bunker president assad's decisions were looking increasingly desperate. salame walking. the earth at one point a brigade was ordered to attack i gave the order to the commander being aware of the situation on the battlefield he asked me to postpone the attack from six in the morning to make it ten that i took this request from the brigade commander to the president i told him he's asking to postpone that attack until ten the president became angry he said he must start that attack at six o'clock otherwise he can hand over to his deputy i try to ease the tension and then they made the suggestion again i said there is no difference between six and ten except that around two thousand of our troops will be killed so please approve ten but he became even more angry and hit the table with his fist of being out there and.
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on days three in full faced with a series of deadlocks assad simply repeated the strategy that had previously. failed to achieve a breakthrough. in a desperate throw of the dice to further the divisions numbering five hundred tanks were brought forward to compensate for the losses of the first two days a. year where we stood there and shocks like mad men me included i was in my own world aiming at the tanks heading towards us shooting down the first second third and fourth i hit some twenty twenty five tanks and everyone everyone took aim and shelter and shot and shot they. contribute. in northern gaulin in a place that became known as the valley of tears by the end of day for the israelis
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had destroyed hundreds of syrian tanks. the same fate befell the first syrian army division during repeated attempts to capture enough. but. would go far i think that today looking back forty years to the battle of naafa. when the syrian first division decided to withdraw and not complete its mission to get to the jordan valley that was the critical stage in the battle to defend the golan heights. avocado lanny and spica green gold would both receive the medal of valor israel's highest military decoration. but this israeli victory. was not won by bravery alone. the neck of the babbitts that the city had the best idea why and to that one tank is sometimes better than another club at that so one
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israeli tank can destroy twenty syrian tanks and fail because if a tank that can fire the same hit and destroyed at a range of two thousand others faces fifty tanks with guns with a range no greater than fifteen hundred meters with simple math of it one tank can destroy all the other tanks and whose shells cannot reach it above it and let the love. of god it's just a matter of technical excellence not competence in combat. i don't deny the courage of the syrian officers and soldiers but unfortunately israel had better tanks and. say what to follow but the bet. on the morning of the ninth of october the israelis launched their counterattack. moving north from the jordan valley they opened fire on syrian tanks and south golan pushing them back before the onslaught. by the following morning the syrian
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threat had been neutralized two thirds of their tanks destroyed or abandoned on the battlefields the syrians were in full retreat back where they had started before hostilities began. a story and that's what has surfaced one day the syrians were overtaken by enthusiasm during the first two days thinking they could overpower israel and what that meant taking over the goal line of an approaching occupied palestine given that they thought they could end the war but the overstretched themselves and lost a lot of tanks during those first three days that it had set a year ago that. however in sinai to the south the egyptians had used their success on day one to secure a defensive bridgeheads. with two field armies dug in across the canal the second in the north and the third in the south they were prepared for the
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inevitable israeli counterattack. by the end of day two to move israel's most famous generals ariel sharon and don had arrived at the suez front. each with an homage division of over three hundred tanks. they were ready to launch a carefully planned counterattack. a downs division to the north would sweep south to expel the egyptian second army from its bridgehead. then once out on how
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to push the egyptians back across the canal share owns division would move against the egyptian third army to repeat the process in the south. at zero nine hundred hours on october eighth. the attack began. suddenly we see that tanks of our brothers movie. in the play but it's not the division which isn't just little forces of thanks. it's not a divisional it that. it's not in their right direction instead from north to south they come for us from east to west and we see just before that ice at their enemy fire shells in the desert
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books of fire around any tank. save those to fire with fire that them with every weapon we had it was a massacre a massacre of all sorts of weapons then to turn saigon decides to jesus the gyptian offered you soldiers were moving like birds like goods jumping from one tree to another they would hide behind the ramp to the tank was fifty meters away and within range it then they fired at it they would knock that one out then move on to the next step and pull out then. i married people who protest they remember i was a tank company commander in the six day war and i fought on the sunrise northern road this time i faced completely different soldiers soldiers who are much more
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determined soldiers who are certainly different from what i saw in the six day war in the very same place in the pyramid of a home after it no no no no. no. we. only it will. continue. to give me a lot of. israel's initial counter attack had failed. and after losing fifty of his tanks are down ordered his forces to full back to defensive positions. was still in terms of prestige israeli tank crews had been taken prisoner of war including a tank battalion commander left tenant a sufi gouri. for the first time in its twenty five
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year history israel was on the defensive. sustaining heavy casualties and unable to achieve the superiority of one nine hundred sixty seven on land or in the air. in the six day war it had dominated the skies. but now the israeli air force found itself facing a wall of surface to air missile batteries employing the latest soviet sam technology. and by no. they built an anti aircraft system which is among the best the most effective in the world. they use their missiles towards the canal and even transferred some of the light to missiles to the other side and of course it was an effective system that i must admit. to
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achieve as superiority these release had to try to knock out egypt sound more. but the missile defenses took a heavy toll of the attacking ak rofft. by day four of the war israel had lost forty eight planes and eight of its entire afros. set off by fire thirty one me side and down sixteen aircraft and that's one point eight me sides with each target that's a record because their issue is supposed to be two or three missiles for each plane . i only ever know i was lying in my open exploded. don't remember me powerful people exploded and i woke up with. an addiction. as the first week of conflict ended israel suffered another serious blow. on the
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thirteenth of october and front of the world's media the last of israel's bar-lev line of fortresses surrendered to the forty third battalion of egyptian commandos. mishra said in an assurance i couldn't believe my eyes seeing the israeli soldiers waving the white flag and humiliated still we cheated them very well. for using. the last doubt for india. even if that the israeli surrender was a moment of humiliation not for me the twin your enemy is so humiliated so the extent that it was that is something with the lieutenant the commander of the stronghold saluted our commander brought down the israeli flag folded it put his gun on it and handed it to him he took it and raised the egyptian flag up high and
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they saluted it i was tearful and so happy and thinking oh my god if i were him i would kill myself yet and i love what i know i'm a witness at. the surrender of fourteen as a half finally destroyed the myth of the supposedly impregnable bar-lev line. is almost medieval forts which had cost hundreds of millions of dollars to build and proved useless as israel's first line of defense. mature market we. figured vantage over us in the young composer war was that they didn't like themselves regarding how they'd functioned in the six day war and they fixed what they were capable of fixing up we lie to ourselves about what had happened in the six day war and now we paid the price for the object shot at sunrise or. as week one of the stock to.
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the war ended the streets of cairo filled with people reveling in their country's military triumphs. six years of defeat and been reversed mom. but in week two triumphant return to tales. it was a war that united egypt and syria are against israel but in the heat of the battle that different agendas soon became apparent as of told me that his dream was to avenge the defeat of nazi sixty seven when president sadat came to power he told us just give me ten centimeters of land in the east the second of a three part series israeli population but told that their troops were on the west bank of the so it's going to explore the second week of the war in october on al-jazeera.
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welcome back to take a look at the weather across the americas this time in north america it's a bit of a messy picture really we've got some fairly heavy rain from washington down towards dallas texas there and parts of the midwest also seen spells of heavy rain and would like to find that continuing as he had on through into thursday more northern areas fine drawn to the sunshine in twenty one twenty two degrees and then across the western areas where we like to see some showers for the pacific northwest but for san francisco los angeles it should be fine in denver should be
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quite dry as well twenty eight degrees in the sunshine now as we had down into central parts of america the rain which has been affecting the pacific coast line of mexico is beginning to ease away there's still some showers around from a a disorganized area of showers which is affecting the yucatan peninsula and the gulf of mexico region generally we have got quite a bit of rain developing across more central parts of the caribbean in the course of wednesday into thursday so kingston jamaica probably seeing some showers at times into south america and certain across northern areas plenty of showers across venezuela through towards ecuador because it comes south was jerry weather conditions are looking draw and find that continues through into thursday a warm day in asuncion empowered why highs of thirty. getting to the heart of the matter if the turkish cypriot leader calls you today and says let's have talks would you accept facing realities what do you think
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reunification of look like majority of people think a peaceful unification is the only option for prosperity of south korea hear their story on talk to al-jazeera. this is al-jazeera. hello i'm adrian for again this is the news hour live from doha coming up in the next sixty minutes the human rights council is a poor defender of human rights the united states pulls out of the u.n. human rights council accusing the organization of hypocrisy and not worth its name . as anger grows over the trumpet ministrations immigration policy to separate children from
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their parents the president meets politicians on capitol hill head of a crucial vote on the issue. of fierce fighting at the end.

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