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tv   Chasing Asylum  Al Jazeera  June 20, 2018 11:00pm-12:00am +03

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the work overnight sunday monday he and his eight person crew pulled on today one hundred fifty two migrants from a number of fishing vessels and rode boats and took them to safety here to ameria and to other ports further south and that is this is a trend that right now is worrying the orth already is here the overall number this year up three fold but in just the month of june alone the figures being brought to spain the number of migrants and refugees arriving in spain is double the number arriving to italy and that suggests perhaps a change in migration patterns instead of migrants trying to get across the perilous libya italy route they're now being pushed towards the western mediterranean and that is going to mean a very hot summer miguel pasha and his crew on this vessel and watch them up olympia. shortly we're going to be talking to a member of the un's refugee agency who is currently working with the organization in bangladesh obviously with the ranger from me in man but she's also been with the
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u.n. in yemen so you know well placed to discuss some of the biggest humanitarian issues in the world if you've got a question for her do send it through now hashtag is a j newsgroup whichever platform you're using if you want to use twitter you can reply to the tweet at a.j. english which is just going out a couple minutes ago to pop the hash tag in there as well so a summary producer can find that at facebook dot com slash al-jazeera join the live stream the comment as you go again looking out for your comments and questions there or just send them directly plus nine seven four five or one triple one four nine on whatsapp and on a telegram channel tweet me as well directly out come on if you want well speaking of bangladesh monsoon season is underway there just imagine what that's like for the one million refugees there in the could to prolong the camp which last year became the world's largest such camp out zero met one family which now calls could the pull on home even as they're made again homeless this time by the rains shot abilities as mine. monsoon rains for all and sahara beggar reflects on
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a hard year. to hara her husband mohammed and the six children have lived in cooper long camp since they fled me n. ma in december monologues and. we have lots of sorrow in our heart so much pain i can't explain in words i do not have peace of mind myanmar is our home this is not our place but what can i do we cannot go back there now they will kill us there . but here they are vulnerable toed the foundations of a new life has literally collapsed beneath mohammed's feet and the monsoon season has started they live in bamboo hearts on muddy hills alongside a million other wrencher refute g.'s three thousand three hundred shelters have collapsed so far now the family she has two rooms with twenty others. nearly seven hundred thousand three hundred have fled from e.m.r.
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to bangladesh since the military crackdown intensified last year those who escaped told the stories of those who didn't mess burial pits children right villages riced a lot and i was away many of my relatives were killed in my mar and i couldn't bring one of my daughters and my mother i had to leave them behind and some of my other relatives that are here about that are in. myanmar in the un have agreed on steps for the ranger to return but many say it's not enough. we will not go back even if there is an agreement until and unless they recognize us as rwanda's and give us citizenship. and so are the rancher prepare for the long hope they fix their homes and build bridges roads and water wells. more than half the population this is their introduction to the world fifty five percent of kuta belongs residents. a children. and education hair is learning the acronyms of age
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groups or counting the minutes one must stand in the rain waiting for rice. to harris children are too young to help they savor the sustenance. the sound of prayer is heard across the camp during one of the few happy times of the day. even though we are facing a lot of hardship we still manage to eat something it's difficult to cook though because we rarely find firewood and other essential plus we don't have any money. this is what survival looks like and what is now the world's largest refugee camp chalmette bellus al jazeera very pleased to have caroline gluck joining us now via skype from cox's bazaar in bangladesh is a spokeswoman with the u.n. h.c.r. the un's refugee agency hi caroline thank you for your time you know what struck me
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as we watched some of those pictures from cox's bazaar is how well the scale of it the sheer number of people and how quickly that number of people grew as people went across the border from me in ma how do you as an agency deal with that with that scaled. but the challenges are enormous not only be at the numbers huge but the areas in which they living really highly congested too many people living in very small air freight is not only that but the land itself this form of forest land is very heavy so it's really challenging families a bill that shelters wherever they can find base and that includes on the slopes of more than forty five degrees or very low lying areas which at the moment is exposing them and making them at high risk of landslides or also floods in the monsoon rains that have occurred here we've already had at one hundred black sites
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people have had lucky splay escapes one woman i met had been buried from her neck down where it's when the hill collapsed on her on her shell so this is our priority is relocating families to say the areas but the really big problem is where do we relocate them to there isn't enough land that's available and what we need right now is flat lands to move people even if it's for a couple of weeks or during the monsoon period we need to get them out of harm's way and this is one about operatives to the people they hold any hope of going back home or going to somewhere where there is some stability. people really want to go back home but they absolutely insist that they will let you do that if they can go back as full citizens with legal rights and recognition as threatening get or so that concerned about the safety and by that and the violence that took place against. you know as we're speaking as. every day it seems that
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people are still coming from e.m.r. to bangladesh we have as many in our transit center and they come stay in that situation maybe now it's not one of targeted violence but the conditions are so extreme the curfews the restrictions on that freedom of movement they can't go out fish they can't go in light fires they can't even cook at home because of the curfews is so extreme that they feel that person is there and that in their own homes and they feel that they have to come they have to flee to have any kind of normal life and to have a future for their children so while the heart is saying we want to go home there are insistent that we that they will have to stay until it's if they feel that it's safe for them to go back and they do want to go back but only when the conditions improve caroline can you tell me some good news can you tell me a story of even just a mine a success that you've seen along the way which can give people some hope. every day
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we see the resilience the courage the strength and the skill of refugees today we must weld refugee day it's an annual event and i spent the entire day in the refugee settlements i saw who are taking part in singing competitions and there was a football match about six thousand people took part. in the events for children there was a cookery class some about we have elephant response volunteers and they put on a show for the community to show how they can better protect themselves if elephants come into the camp to protect themselves and the elephant and they did this and really beautiful ways they had a puppet show where some of the ring makes these handmade puppets and they also created a life sized elephants made out of bamboo six foot or seven foot high decorated by the women and the crowd loved it people were laughing you could see the smiles on people's faces and that really brings us hope people want their children to go to
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school they haven't had much chance or many opportunities in myanmar now for the first time many children are actually getting his calling the first time they're learning how to read and write this gives us hope that the future obviously we need to work very hard and and the goal is that people do go back but that they can go back to safety and dignity and have a better future caroline gluck from the u n h c a lovely to talk to you and hear some of those positive stories as well coming out of congress is bizarre. raver how his world refugee day registered online a lot of people talking about it come all we're saying very safe and hashtags us while leaving the conversation world refugee day with refugees and also refugees welcome and twitter has also made a special emergency with people of different races hugging to mark the event and the united nations refugee agency and other n.g.o.s around the world are observing the day by bringing attention to the plight of millions of refugees now for the
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past couple of days we've been following stories coming out of a now rue island the government there has a side it's a council events commemorating world refugee day and our correspondent andrew thomas sent us this update. there are nearly a thousand refugees on the wrist people australia sent to the times of god country after they tried to come to its shores by boat given that the entire population of the river is just out of thirteen thousand those refugees make up a huge proportion of the overall population and on wednesday they were to have events to celebrate world refugee day but on monday those events were canceled you know it's obvious you. know. we have rights in this prison you have no future there is no. there is no.
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last week and a rainy and refugee took his own life on the road and i'm told the members of the refugee community on the roof feel that in this time of mourning i don't want to be holding celebrate tree vents i've been trying to reach refugees themselves to find out what they think but getting information on very dodgy mobile phone signals is very difficult one refugee has managed to send me a video of his thoughts he wanted to remain anonymous as you are you can't see his head but this is what he sent three we just want you to remember there are some good refuges left in prison on the roads and not celebrated for their on a special day as a tourist i remember this people are stealing here because of like a health scare and never forget to do a lovely and your peer frame whatever the reason for the events cancellation what remains is that in the country in the world with perhaps the highest proportion of refugees relative to the overall population will be nothing at all to mark world
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refugee day well get in touch with us and send your thoughts around while there is the hashtag. thanks for here and plenty of you are getting in touch as well also out of interest with the hash tag with refugees which is one of the ones the u.n. h.c.r. is using today bro. and said it's a pity we've lost our way as humans particularly when it comes to taking care of one another though from what you heard from caroline you see some amazing people trying to help out in any way they can in places like cults as bizarre and philip has said how can you send people back to their homes if they're running for their lives from where they came from and that of course is where the politics comes in and indeed politics will decide the future of so many refugees around the world and in europe several e.u. leaders will get together for a mini summit on migration in brussels on sunday ahead of a major summit next week dominic cain following the story from berlin who's going to the mini summit dominic welcome all a whole group of leaders invited by the president of the european commission john
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told you and he's invited austria he has invited france all garia germany greece italy spain we also understand the maltese prime minister will be there eight leaders effectively trying to come together to sort out what they can so far in so far as the migration crisis is concerned we understand clearly the german interest speaking here from berlin the german interest is to try to find some sort of accommodation basically to deal with those who seek asylum here in germany but have also source asylum somewhere else in the people the secondary movement it's called in all the official documents the e.u. draws together point there is that this meeting would be taking place before the full blown e.u. summit in brussels at the end of next week the point here is that the sort of bilateral or multilateral deals between member states on sunday well that's to preempt what has been put forward in documents we've seen so far regarding the full twenty eight member states summit in brussels as
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a say at the end of next week don't tell us about hungary as well we know a place which is being trying to tighten its laws on asylum seekers and refugees what's been happening in the parliament are today. but it is interesting that at one stage you have in brussels this is drive towards finding some consensual agreement to resolve the crisis whereas in hungary you have the government using them of the super majority it has more than two thirds of the seats in parliament to change the constitution to specific amendments to the constitution part of the stop soros bill why is it called that because the government of the party led by victoria ban the hungary and prime minister believes that the us billionaire philanthropist george soros has been funding non-governmental organizations aid organizations which help illegal immigrants into into hungary and so the government decided to legislate against it so now they have made
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a criminal offense punishable with a jail term for anybody working for an aid organization or charity who helps people who are perceived by the hungary and state to be illegal immigrants the other change they made to the constitution was to say that hungary should not be settled by an alien population that's the terminology used in the legislation which gives you a sense of perspective that the e.u. leaders at a supra national level are keen to resolve them the immigration crisis but the people in charge of governments and central europe you remember them twenty fifteen twenty sixteen it was called the balkan route this was the route that many people who are claiming refugee status took to get into both central europe and then into western europe well the four countries of what's called the visa got a group she's hungary the czech republic slovakia and poland they do not want to see migrants refugees returned to their country from the other countries they've gone to in europe as part of that i say this secondary movement that's what's all
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this is all about here the crux of the matter what happens to those people the meeting as a say on sunday in brussels this mini summit this unofficial summit is being called it's going to try to draw the framework for a solution to this secondary movement they've been talking about that stuff that came with an update from berlin dominic thank you. just before we move on something i've been wanting to tell you about for some time but it needed the right story and world refugee day story is that story i should say our interactive team of al-jazeera english have created something called interview j s this is a web site and an app and the idea is for it to be an open source tool for journalists so they can turn their interviews into sort of interactive chats which you can then experience it is best explained visuals of chosen this one about australian asylum once you click through the first couple of pages you'll come to a list of journalists and interviewees who are involved in this particular story now for this demonstration i've chosen our friend who's been chani
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a journalist and a refugee who frequently speaks to us on al-jazeera from mannus island and then it becomes like a messenger chat if you like you click at the bottom questions choose which questions he effectively responds with as the picture is there and and maps of where he is depending on the questions that you ask and every so often you'll get something i think one pops up here it's a sound cloud embedded clip so you can actually hear batteries talking to you. your questions it's really cool and you get so you can go through journalists and politicians in this story and then refugee that by whose get the full picture from all angles you'll find these stories in the interactive section at al-jazeera dot com but you can also go straight to the web site is interview j.s. dot io or just download the app on your smartphone to another migrant crisis this one in the united states and thousands of children crossing over from mexico still being kept away from their families some of them are just babies now republicans in the u.s. congress have agreed to work on legislation to end this but as ever in u.s.
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politics there is a big divide some democrats are not willing to support the bill saying donald trump can solve this problem himself with a simple executive order alan fischer as more from washington. this is it is the president went to capitol hill to discuss immigration as the crisis on the southern border escalates system has been broken for many years the immigration system that has been really. interesting probably the worst they were the word of we're going to try and see if we can fix it as he went into a meeting with members of his own republican party democrat staged a protest outside that are a number of bills doing the rounds which deal with various immigration issues trump wants an end to children being separated from the parents and funds for his promised border wall so while he wants a comprehensive deal the problem is there isn't comprehensive support no republicans in the senate a walk in the on not only focused legislation on just the separation issue congress
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can step in and pass this this week i'm a urging congress we can fix this problem we can fix this and i've been speaking with both republicans and democrats we can come together we are all be united and say of course kids should be with their parents but democrats aren't ready to help the president out of a crisis the insist he created with his own policies president trump if you're truly ashamed of what's happening at the border get your team together and undo this shameful policy immediately which you can do with a flick of the pen there's no need for legislation there's no need for anything else you can do it mr president you started it. you can stop it after a little more than an hour donald trump left capitol hill he didn't take questions during the meeting but told this party he would sign any immigration deal that got house and senate approval so this is an opportunity for us to be compassionate but also stand for security and he said if you put security and dark of folks together
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and you're looking very strong. like eighty percent sure there is a clear consensus across the house in the senate to address the immigration issue here are the two big problems first of all there isn't a clear idea of what will get enough support to pass all the president says he'll say any bill that emerges he has changed his mind in the past the more critics continue to see that what is happening on the southern border is cruel unacceptable and un-american alan fischer al jazeera on capitol hill in washington well the separated migrant children are being detained in at least three locations across southern texas one of them brownsville right on the mexico border gabriel elizondo reporting live for us from there gabriel. very good morning to you come all it's a little before ten thirty in the morning here on the southern border in texas and this area and we are right along the border fence this is the united states on the
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other side is mexico now the asylum seekers mostly from central america that are trying to get to the u.s. they mostly come through here but as you can see obviously taking your children over this fence is not going to be an option they try to go to the main port of entry where the u.s. government says it's legal for them to come into the united states but what we're told is that border officials are telling them that they just too overloaded and pushing them back into mexico pushing the asylum seekers back into mexico that is when they take a perilous journey to try to cross the border from another area illegally and that is when they turn themselves in or they are arrested and forcibly separated from their children there been more than two thousand three hundred children separated from their parents since his zero tolerance policy went into place in late april here in the town of brownsville they are very much on the front lines of this most people in this town we spoke to were horrified by the idea of children here in this
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town being held in shelters away from their parents but not everybody there was some divided opinion as we found out. welcome to ground zero donald trump's zero tolerance immigration policy for asylum seekers welcome to brownsville texas. this is the border crossing many migrants fleeing poverty and violence want to cross legally to ask for asylum. the lines are long recent weeks most asylum seekers get turned away so they try other means crossing to the u.s. illegally we need then are often arrested and families are separated. and then the children often here more than one hundred of them that were detained here in this shelter that was once a wal-mart store journalists are not allowed to film and so this is how close the people of brownsville texas are to the immigration issue this is the border fence
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where i'm standing now is the town of brownsville on the other side is mexico when there's zero tolerance policy was announced and parents started to be separated from their children it not only brought unwanted attention to this town but also divided opinion i mean right now it's kind of like a really negative light for i guess the environmental community everyone's kind of turning hostile it's a really negative impact on people in general i know i mean i don't know why they're doing it but i just know it's not right it's not being with their parents i don't like what's happening but they have to come in legally they don't speak english they're on the welfare system and it's just not fair to our all our homeless in our citizens that are in poverty it would be some people here say the parents bear part of the responsibility for protecting their kids. on that issue
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alone is difficult i wouldn't be able to handle it i would hate to be you away from my children but at the same time i can also understand if i'm going to take that risk. you're running into that very possibility you know and maybe as a parent if i'm going across a border maybe i should you know follow the rules with the trumpet ministration appearing to double down rather than back down on its policy a sign that the more families it separates the more polarized communities like this are likely to become. rosendo which is either brownsville texas. back live to gabriel now in brunswick reports of seemed today of shelters in texas being used to house bury young children can you talk us through that one quickly if you thought this story got any worse well it just did the associated press reporting overnight that they are hearing that there are at least three maybe four shelters called
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quote unquote tender age shelters for children that have been forcibly separated from their asylum seeking parents or guardians these are children that are infants or newborns very very young in special shelters we've got multiple calls out to various different agencies of the u.s. government trying to confirm this we're going to keep on this trying to figure out where these shelters are try to go to them but we're told that at least two of them could be here in the southern texas region where we are now but this is part of the problem i just spoke to the a.c.l.u. american civil liberties union representative here in texas and they are on the front lines of this story they knew nothing about this they are trying to get information as well n.g.o.s private organizations that helped migrants they knew nothing about this they're not getting any information so if these organizations are not getting information about where these infants are being held a magine the parents are still in detention going through criminal proceedings they
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obviously don't know where their kids are either home great reporting their release on their brownsville texas on the border thanks to a real. so we look at political developments we've looked there with gabriel the reality on the ground in these border towns but there is another battle being played out in the media and reveal or even with what we have come to expect from the different ends of the spectrum here this coverage is kind of something isn't it against that with so many different opinions come all and it's not new though that the american media office along these party lines this graph by the roaches institute shows how the us media environment is more polarized than any other western country conservative audiences favor fox news and then liberals tend to lean toward sources like c.n.n. and new york times and according to a recent poll donald trump's child separation policy is very unpopular sixty six percent of americans oppose it while twenty seven percent in favor and what i'm about to show you in the straits just the shock divide in the coverage over the
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family separation story news presenters in the u.s. are hugely influential and what they say has significant impact in shaping public opinion now this video of rachel maddow a popular anchor at the left leaning title m s n b c has gone viral this is incredible trump administration officials have been sending babies and other young children. to at least three. cryptographical this. thank you we have it in the three tender age shelters in south texas wars and medical providers does. become the soft. did apologize on twitter for getting emotional on and she explained that she
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was reading an a.p. reports that said the top administration officials was sending babies and young children to at least three tender age shelters in south texas and on the other side there is a serious pushback from pro trump commentators who say people across in the border illegally now some videos from fox news have also gone viral a tunnel the u.s. president often watches his a commentator and kuta she is using the network to speak directly to the president and use child actors weeping and crying on all the other networks twenty four seven right now do not fall for mr president i get very nervous about the president goes news from t.v. who given scripts to read my liberals according to the new yorker don't offer the after children. and online people are drawing comparison between the networks marcus says that one shows how a person with normal human compassion and decency is reacting to the news coming out the other while the other type of reaction is the sort that created the policy
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now most mais mainstream networks have deployed well known anchors to cover the crisis in texas and they to play a big part in putting spotlights on children being separated from their parents c.p.s. is gayle king shed videos on instagram here she is on the way to a location where my grandparents are being reunited with their kids and then you have others like n.b.c.'s nesta holtz sharing pictures on twitter carious talking to border patrol agents about the migrant trail. but we don't know how long the networks will intensive cover the story as the washington post poll fahri prone site here he says with trump a new controversies and scandals tend to bump old ones so does this issue have longer legs and we're also seeing a lot of cartoon illustrations being shared online these are just some of them and one case that's getting a lot of attention is of rob ward as a political cartoonist who was hired for his anti trunk drawings and after many
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online also and to continue drawing he says he will do just that with the help of a patriot page and the soaring media attention one california couple has raised over ten million dollars through facebook to help reunite undocumented families separated at the border the wallace started their campaign on saturday and it has gone viral since reaching two hundred fifty thousand is also your thoughts with us on the story is the hash tag news grid or you can message me directly i'm at him home and thanks for going to so many comments coming actually about just quickly chosen this one from anita so i think it covers a lot of stuff she said anyone can become a refugee even if you're from a first world country things can change compassion and some humanity go a long way and just before we leave this story it's not often that one tweet could actually sum up all sides of an argument though and he's done a great job there but i reckon the former california governor and films to arnold schwarzenegger is going pretty close have
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a look at this as an immigrant i know the magnetic power of america's greatness as a former border governor i know the importance of securing our border and fixing our absurdly broken immigration system as an american i know that kids shouldn't be pawns while the court and court adults figure it out a bit of wisdom in perspective from the terminator himself. well move on to other news seven former detainees of you a run prisons in yemen have spoken of what they call systemic sexual torture from iraqi guards now they talked to reporters from the associated press who are calling it quote rampant sexual torture used to brutalize detainees that's insane isn't said that rape electrocution and beatings took place at five detention centers including at the emirates the forces headquarters in the country and the u.a.e. thus far has not commented on the investigation we have been can see with us now
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from amnesty international covering the middle east he's on skype from casablanca and we thank you for joining us on this story as we say the u.a.e. is not commented so we don't have actual confirmation yet but these are a pretty serious allegations and such brutal tactics apparently being used well you know for all the players there the. press maybe but it is worth noting you know the u.n. experts also got him originators of sexual abuse of prisoners in the. drawer where the governor and the. leader of watch and you in two dozen seventy section and also you would never heard such names of individuals made mention in the a.p. report so yes. it was it is is sexual abuse of this nature. is it. so is it common in these sorts of situations in prison situations but what
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does it sort of achieve why go down that path the thing is there any sort of research will suggestions as to why this happens. well obviously sexual abuse and abuse in general doesn't achieve anything but it's only part i mean obviously it is forbidden by international law all of it and typical and moreover standard but it has also been proven that it doesn't help that errors as yours now are we are again restless not our position specifically to each other for quite a bit but importantly they are not surprising because we have documented in the past that the u.a.e. is responsible for two spears's over an arbitrary detentions in yemen and on it goes as well they would be i mean we we talk a lot about what's happening in her day there at the moment with the bombing campaign there but there's really no end of this insight is that the u.a.e. and saudi arabia have a very strong grip on the country you know very i mean yes there are we have
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reporters countless fuses by the coalition and also by different such there since the beginning of the gulf later but you are back to have a few surprises which is sort of talk that we're discussing today we reboarded specific instances of abuse in detention centers were either by yemeni forces and supported by u.a.e. . and through our reporting they had the government set up a committee to investigate the u.a.e. has continued to flatly deny any rule and you see it but it was going to you were no less prisoners have to be discovered hunger strikes to death. then tipsy from amnesty international thank you for talking to us today now i mentioned her day to the coalition and yemen says it has taken full control of her day the airport a key milestone and their friends have to push the hurt the rebels from the city by
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fighting does continue in the area the yemeni army is now blocking the road between her by the province and the capital sanaa as they try to cut rebel supply lines and ideas from hashem obama. it sets by.

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