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tv   newsgrid  Al Jazeera  June 27, 2018 6:00pm-7:01pm +03

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freedom to travel abroad and perhaps most crucially the right to family reunification in a region where family ties go beyond borders the blockading nations forcibly deported atari's and separated children from their parents rashid mother is qatari and his father is bahraini and gulf countries children take the citizenship of their father he believes if he continues to defy an order by bahrain to leave cattle he'll lose his bahraini passport and be stateless once my passport expires what do i do do i stay here in not pursue my future because i don't have a passport because i did not want to go to the country that i hold the citizenship nothing else but the citizenship and that's some sort of leverage that they have against me the blockade in countries also cracked down on the nationals for expressing sympathy for cattle with jail terms and fines catulus for ministry says
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the u.a.e. is violating international law prohibiting racial anational discrimination and move back as as from the hague. this is a three day hearing here the international court of justice cats are has begun setting forth its opening remarks and arguments judges representing the country are explaining exactly what cutoff point of view is on all of this catch of course accuses the u.a.e. of discrimination of violating human rights and also violating its obligation under the international convention on the elimination of all forms of racial discrimination of which the u.a.e. is a key signature e to that nine hundred sixty five convention it is the only one of the four countries to introduce a blockade on cattle to be a signatory of the convention hence it is the only country that has been brought here by qatar to the international court of justice the case itself will focus on
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the decision by the u.a.e. to expel qatari nationals from the country to prevent them from passing through the country for closing the airspace to qatari traffic. argues that individuals and companies were prevented access to assets and property during this period but also access to education justice and health care to we haven't heard too much from the u.a.e. on this although at least one. minister has referred to this court case as a stunt but it's being taken very seriously by cats are who say that serious human rights issues have been violated by the u.s. a three day hearing is underway will know more about what the u.a.e. is perspective is on thursday the president of. the head of national security no reason has been given that major general. recently criticized the justice ministry for its handling of
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a cocaine smuggling scandal twenty arrests have been made. seventy million dollars worth of cocaine on a ship from spain has been alleged that senior government officials were involved in the smuggling. that's mostly head on al-jazeera the u.s. defense a case in china as tensions between the two sides got the knot in the south china sea region and. drive on for now texas than ever can carry on business in london but there are conditions. there's been some heavy rain recently in thailand as you want to expect actually there's been some heavy rain to science where we shouldn't expect it for example big showers in western java hundred eight millimeters and in thailand it's not so
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much the mainland of book at over two hundred millimeters in the last twenty four hours now you'd expect this time the a to get heavy rain in town on myanmar and that certainly there but the big house particularly brittany's in this fast western side of malaysia down to sumatra know they are a bit of a surprise and this to run in the focused for the next two days now extend through situated to west papua as well now if we don't sass from here of course we're in winter but we've got some winter rain falling in new south wales and southern queensland this cloud is fairly obvious not a big surprise really because it's brought in slightly warmer oceans means a victorian ops are also quite falk is was having snow on them melbourne itself fourteen degrees the forecast gives fairly wet picture at least potentially for sydney at sixteen and nineteen in brisbane and about the same size springs coolest and present facts business significant rain in western australia recently that's gone through on the full cost the city and the friday are the sun is out in perth but fortunately the rain is now falling in adelaide.
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the time had come for the p.l.o. to seek a new and peaceful solution. pursuing a path of diplomacy but what was to turn their agreed the draw from lebanon into one of the most realistic civilian massacres of modern times women children kids we couldn't believe this chronicling the turbulent story of the struggle for a palestinian. p.l.o. history of a revolution on al-jazeera. again
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you're watching al-jazeera mind of our top stories this hour the u.s. supreme court has upheld donald trump's travel ban on people from five muslim majority countries justice is now only voted to accept that the u.s. president was acting legally when he bought people from iran yemen somalia libya and syria from entering the united states. the u.s. federal judge has ruled that migrant families crossing the us mexico border should no longer be separated the same judge also ordered authorities to reunite parents and children within thirty days sooner for children under five years old ruling can be appealed by the white house. a german rescue ship with more than two hundred migrants on board remains stranded at sea for a second day the ship called lifeline is off the coast of multi-byte it's unclear if it will be able to dock there multis says it doesn't have broad agreement from e.u. states and how to distribute the migrants even the spokesman for life on says some
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of those on board are in poor health john structures joins us live from multan what is the situation there now john. well at the moment there is still no official agreement between the maltese government and the european union to accept this ship here in the port of the letter behind me and the reason for that what we're hearing is that the six countries including most of those are meant to distribute the refugees on board that ship some two hundred thirty three souls has not yet been reached not all six countries have agreed on some sort of quota from this particular shipment and presumably this is for two reasons one is because any proportional division might then be used as a standstill for future divisions distributions of refugees there other search and rest. vessels out there in mediterranean pick picking people up all the time so this is a recurring issue and secondly of course we're heading into the european summit
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where perhaps leaders of these countries including italy and malta and greece and spain want to reach a broader agreement on how these issues will be handled in the future so it's politics rather than practicality we've spoken with the lifeline charity that has chartered this ship they say that conditions on board are difficult the vessel is about six hours away from port at the moment and it is being lashed by high winds and high waves three people on board the ship in the on board hospital being treated one patient was evacuated yesterday to multiple conditions there are difficult and psychologically difficult as well as physically and practically and they are hoping that the recent clearance they got to enter multis territorial waters which is where they are holding a position offshore for the present will be the first step towards full permission
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to enter this port but they are fearful that if the agreement on how to distribute these refugees isn't reached they will once the weather improves again be asked to go into the high seas away from multis territorial waters. the fate of the refugees if they're sent away what happens that. well in theory this boat could be resupplied with fuel and with water and keep sailing around the mediterranean but that obviously isn't a solution nor is it legal because the legal obligation of all maritime traffic and there are literally hundreds of ships most mostly merchant vessels plying these waters behind me at the moment between malta and africa sicily. the law says that these ships should they find people in distress or shipwrecked at sea are supposed to pick them up that is international maritime legal practice and once
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they've picked them up their next job is to offload them at the nearest port of call that also is legal practice so what's happening now is a breach of established traditional law thank you for that transfer of this territorial disputes in the south china sea are being discussed in beijing by the u.s. defense secretary james mattis is due to meet president xi jinping after what are described as open and honest talks with his counterpart matters has in the past said china's rapidly expanding military power is a bigger national security threat than terrorism his visit coincides with the u.s. aircraft carrier dropping anchor in the philippines the ronald reagan is the third carrier to patrol the south china sea this year china correspondent adrian brown has more from beijing. this is james madison's first visit to beijing as defense secretary and of course it is a visit that in many ways is overshadowed by the deepening trade friction between
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china and the united states and fair to assume probably the chinese leaders right now would rather be discussing ways of resolving that dispute than the u.s. concerns over what china is doing in the south china sea now a few weeks ago matt has accused china of coercion and intimidation towards its neighbors he was referring to the fact that china has now installed surface to where missiles according to washington on a number of the islands that china has been building up the chinese respond that these islands belong to china therefore china can do what it wants because china claims sovereignty over almost all of the south china sea the problem is there is a dangerous game of brinkmanship going on right now between the navies of china and the united states and analysts warn that the potential of a miscalculation is very great matt is also going to discussing other issues including taiwan and of course north korea the united states wants to impress on
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china the need for china to continuing enforcing sanctions against north korea but at the moment say analysts china may be less enthusiastic about doing that at a time when the united states is straining to clobber china's economy with more terrorists here is president on a tramp's send his national security advisor to moscow to finalize plans for an upcoming summit with the russian president vladimir putin a visit by john bolton follows months of work by the kremlin to make the summit happen it's reportedly being considered for mid july off to try and attend nato talks in brussels or the challenge is live for us in moscow rory bolton's visit tell us about the plan there what's expected. well it's been a busy week for bolton so far london road and now moscow he is as you just said here to basically tee up this trump putin summit he's meeting as far as we're aware
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right now with sergey lavrov the russian foreign minister and then quite possibly there is going to be a meeting with vladimir putin as well later on today though that's not confirmed yet the summit itself the location and date are still t b c the current rumors are that it's going to be in hell thinking of the capital of finland and might well take place on july the fifteenth of though that would be a difficult day for the timea putin should feel unwise as he would then have to race back to moscow to make the world cup final in the evening this summer if the kim jong trump summit is anything to go by is likely to be a big showy affair really perhaps quite light on detail with trump claiming afterwards the perhaps he's done more than anybody ever to make america great again and the world a better place for russia it's
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a good chance for them to mend relations with the united states somewhat and perhaps to extract some key concessions from trump regarding russia's national interests russia has been wanting this meeting to happen for a long time now and really seems to like the big why no one summits putin's been wanting to sit down with the u.s. prison for a long time and just went over the likelihood of a big breakthrough in russia a u.s. relations is. well i mean it's interesting i think that despite those facts there is little discernible excitement about this upcoming trump putin meeting at the moment in either washington d.c. or in wash or in moscow i mean that the russians know that trump is a very very unusual president and perhaps more than any other u.s. presidents in the memory he's an american that shares their view on the world that
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is one in which countries should fight for their national interests and that those interests trump values so this is a window or of opportunity for them but they also know enough about trump now to be wary and to not get their hopes up too high and they're well aware that despite what trump may promise in any meeting there is going to be a large array of people back in washington d.c. who will try to roll back on anything they feel is too much of a give away so yes there's lots to talk about arms control syria ukraine etc etc but there is not that much hope of a significant breakthrough on either the capital at the moment thank you let's see that they really thanks have a leader of a protest movement in iraq has written region has been jailed for twenty years by a court in casablanca nasser was sentenced for undermining state security and other
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criminal acts after being arrested last may number of other political activists and jail terms ranging from two to twenty years rikers refried in was hit by social unrest last october after a fishmonger was crushed to death by a rubbish truck a british appeal court judges ruled that the cars stay on the road in london at least for now the ride shown company lost its operating license last september because of safety concerns paul brennan has. as a business is a global disruptor turning the traditional taxi profession upside down and provoking protests bans and restrictions as it does it the company is now valued at more than seventy billion dollars and after starting with just three hundred u.k. drivers in two thousand and twelve now has sixty thousand u.k. drivers forty five thousand of them in london but it's had a confrontational relationship with the london regulator t.f. out the company boss told elbridge admitted that previous correspondence for
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example the regulator had been inaccurate incomplete and an adequate and they accepted that the reporting of crime for example was not what it should be that said the judge despite acknowledging a gung ho approach by the company in the past was willing to give it the benefit of the doubt and granted a fifteen month probationary license under the strict supervision of t f l who but insisted that since last year there have been wholesale change in the way it now conducts its business it was now transparent and open but it was u.k. boss tom eldridge declined to be open with the media afterwards instead issuing just a brief written statement we are pleased with today's decision we will continue to work with t.f. l. to address their concerns and earn their trust while providing the best possible service for our customers with a body representing london's traditional black cabs is not happy at all they've admitted a catalogue of errors in their treatment c.f.l.
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as a regulator and basically the magistrate has said i will as long as you've apologized and everything's going to be good from there on we can move forward i mean this decision was an absolute disgrace and one former driver says c.f.l. now needs to prove itself to tear fell on new tackled over at the end of a five year license term why was cheerful not on top of this throughout the license terms that's the question we need to be asked now is that changed as well is it capable of managing who. is on probation will it play fair or take two year fell from right. al-jazeera westminster magistrates'. the top stories on al-jazeera the u.s. supreme court has upheld donald trump's travel ban on people from five muslim majority countries the justices narrowly voted to accept that the u.s. president was acting legally when he barred people from iran yemen somalia libya
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and syria from entering the united states years federal judges ruled that migrant families crossing the us mexico border should no longer be separated the same judge also ordered authorities to reunite parents and children within thirty days sooner for children under five years old the ruling can be appealed by the white house amnesty international is accusing men mas army of carrying out a planned and systematic campaign against the rangar its latest report names thirteen military personnel it says are responsible for war crimes including murder rape and for starvation the human rights groups say they should be tried at the international criminal court more heavy rain is hampered rescue efforts for twelve young footballers and their coach sure are missing in the northern thailand cave system rescuers remain confident they'll find the group alive despite being forced to retreat early on wednesday because of overnight rain the group has been stranded
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since saturday are believed to be at least several kilometers from the entrance to the cave a german rescue ship with more than two hundred migrants on board remains stranded at sea for a six day the ship called lifeline is off the coast of multi but it's unclear if it'll be able to dr meltzer says it doesn't have broad agreement from states on how to distribute the migrants evenly a spokesman for lifeline says some of those on board are in poor health. territorial disputes in the south china sea are being discussed in beijing by the u.s. defense secretary james mattis is due to meet president xi jinping of the worker described as open and honest talks with these counterparts matches has in the passage china's rapidly expanding military power is a big a national security threat then terrorism. as the headlines the news continues on al-jazeera but first it is p.l.o. history of
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a revolution. al-jazeera . where ever you are. in one thousand nine hundred forty eight the state of israel was proclaimed. palestine was lost. sixteen years later in one thousand nine hundred sixty four the palestine liberation organization or the p.l.o. was founded. made up of different factions the p.l.o. has been at the heart of the struggle to regain palestine ever since. in the.
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following expulsion from jordan p.l.o. leader yasser arafat decided to pursue the path of diplomacy. there were hopeful signs in the early seventy's but the optimism was all to come crashing down. the people that. lost so many. but only. those good to all small are not only new idea about this but.
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are following id in november nineteenth seventy four yes an artifact received a standing ovation at the general assembly and. he had spoken over a peaceful solution for palestinian demands. for the guerrilla leader standing among statesmen it was a crown in which. journey to the un had begun several years. following their expulsion from jordan some palestinian factions concluded their fiery rhetoric and revolutionary zeal had harmed rather than help their cause. are you saying the same time that there will be increase in terrorism . no i am saying there will be an increase in people who hear this but i gather in the evolution of the struggle inside palestine and i refused the word terrorism
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because we are not that honest a lot of people in palestine if you are following them they are doing demonstrations every day in nablus in ramallah they are accusing there is not only conquered but why do you call this kind of as if at the same time you heard jack international ecker after and hold hostages innocent women and children how do you expect the rest of the world to sympathize and respect the palestinian cause first of all the p f l p has declared lately that with this type of actions this is number one and number two during all of these actions which we have done previously we did not do harm to anybody however the f.l.p. operative when he heard that did not agree with publish had that dissented and was expelled from the group but this did not prevent him from borgen izing further operations in one nine hundred seventy five he sent a group headed by the venezuelan revolutionary carlos to vienna to storm
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a meeting of opec and take several with ministers hostage that was angry that carlos had not followed the meticulous plans he had drawn up. what the let me. say that. what dia may not have realized about carlos is narcissism which manifested itself in the opec operation carlos acted against what the years orders and when they met afterwards what the slap him. i think when carlos negotiated and released the oil ministers it gave the impression that he could be bribed which was a main reason for the failure of the operation from that moment what do you broke his connection with. tell us. a year later a group of her dad's followers hijacked an air france airliner to intending uganda the israelis mounted a spectacular rescue operation killing all the hijackers and freeing the hostages despite these acts of violence the political track was moving. following the one
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nine hundred seventy expulsion from jordan the democratic front for the liberation of palestine the d.f.l. be believed a more realistic political program was required. in one thousand nine hundred eighty two it had floated the idea of accepting a two state solution by the summer of one nine hundred seventy four the p.l.o. had unanimously adopted the d.f.l. peace ten point plan. for the first time the palestinians spoke about establishing an independent national authority the word israel was never explicitly mentioned in the plan but after years of armed struggle the palestinians were now implicitly recognizing the state of israel and under but managed out of the work that i'm not i'm at a loss only about money and misleading it was opposed by the process general command and called the defeatists as genda but yet west mark the field p. as a bulldozer or minesweeper to clear the way for it when i wanted the. cabinet
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it took almost a year of discussions and on the eve of the b. and c. session in june of one thousand nine hundred seventy four we came to a consensus with factor that b f p and the process. and the ten point program that was adopted. just weeks prior to his speech at the u.n. artifacts received the mandate he'd long been seeking from arab leaders the arab league summit in rabat stripped jordan over its traditional role in palestinian affairs and named the p.l.o. as the sole legitimate representative of the palestinian people. for the palestinians it was a dream come true their decision making would no longer be bound by the yoke of an object that although arab states would continue to try and exert influence on palestinian matters the jordanians felt there about some of the decision pointed the finger of blame back. but as. i wonder what would have
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happened if his majesty had expressed his displeasure by withdrawing from that about summit while leaving his prime minister there jordan was being harassed jordan was made out to be the root of the problem not israel. soon after artifacts triumph at the u.n. in november nine hundred seventy four consensus among the different palestinian factions over the two state solution proposal began to falter. after its expulsion from jordan the p.l.o. had moved its headquarters to the lebanese capital beirut. in april one nine hundred seventy five civil war broke out in a. lebanese politics divided into two camps christiane led dried and a muslim dominated left led by the socialist druze politician come out to. four years lebanon's muslims had clamored for a fairer distribution of political power. the palestinians felt a natural affinity for their calls desperate not to repeat the mistakes committed
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in jordan the p.l.o. leader sought to keep his forces out of the lebanese. i know that arafat tried to keep the palestinians out of the wall at the beginning but that was never going to be possible impossible especially with they. especially with the common nationalisms you know the german black. nationalism on the palestinian version of nationalism but by nine hundred seventy six the palestinians no longer felt able to stay on the sidelines in the. palestinian fighters linked up with the leftist forces and gradually advanced into the christine heart of. syria found the idea of a p.l.o. backed regime and never known a recipe for disaster it feared such areas would provoke israel into military action that would drag syria into war. for their part israel and the united states also took a dim view of the rise of the lebanese left and its palestinian arabs in one of the
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more bizarre alignments of interest eleven on syria decided to throw its weight behind the christians with a green light from washington and tacit israeli consent syria sent its army into lebanon in june of one thousand nine hundred. six to stem the palestinian leftist advance. get a polygamous story out of it and that's what it of syria was asked to intervene to curb the expansion of the palestinian and lebanese leftists. the lebanese left had become troublesome to a regime that. the leader of the left come out john blatt was viewed as a threat to lebanese and arab stability. another factor was the mutual dislike between arafat and syrian president assad. syria's military intervention was stepped up following an assault on a damascus hotel by the n.t. on a father of wanted on palestinian cause. the perpetrators were quickly apprehended and hanged in public. faced with the syrian onslaught i felt appealed to the arab
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world for assistance accusing syria of attempting to liquidate the palestinian resistance the syrian assault force the palestinians onto the defensive. they were no longer able to mount an effective resupply of their besieged refugee camps and the christians. the camps principle among which was telling were overrun and the residents expelled or massacred. two arab summits were quickly convened they established what became known as the arab deterrent forces made up principally of the same syrian forces that had entered lebanon with only token representation from several other arab states syria had prevailed the value at which had. been president assad's view was that syria in its ability to achieve strategic parity with israel had to be supported by
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two strong wings a lebanese wing and a palestinian wing that that is if syria was to have influence on the political scene it had to become the sole legitimate representative of syria lebanon and the palestinians. while lebanon was in the throes of conflict on another front there were moves towards peace. in one thousand nine hundred eighty seven egyptian president anwar sadat a longstanding ally of artifacts made a groundbreaking visit to israel to sue for peace in exchange for land artifact was done but i have had been making his own peace moves his representative in london side had been promoting the palestinian vision of a two state solution a ton of facts behest. or cared for us than the. other fact in the palestinian leadership were convinced that the most important thing was achieving palestinian aspirations not the method employed to achieve them and if the method to achieve
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them was a civilized and peaceful one then that would be better than a violent one. out of five and the p.l.o. leadership to firmly believe this. chairman arafat know very well that the one nine hundred seventy three war demonstrated the limits of collective action and what the international community could accept therefore the leadership of fact that was convinced that the palestinians could never achieve anything more than a state what they've done the lands occupied the nine hundred sixty seven. but some palestinians took a very different view palestinian guerrilla leader abu nidal believed the two state solution was tantamount to capitulation he split from the p.l.o. and formed his own group calling it the revolutionary council and basted and backed out. the iraqi regime once again hostile to artifacts leadership of the p.l.o. provided backing to abu nidal splinter. in january of one nine hundred seventy
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eight gunmen loyal to abu nidal assassinated site hamami at the p.l.o. office and. it was to be the first of many killings of federal palestinians that a little area. despite its talk of a two state solution the mainstream thought the hundred artifacts did not relinquish its arms struggle in march one thousand seven hundred eight a fact that unit led by a female commando element to be commandeered an israeli bus near the city of haifa . in the ensuing firefight thirty six israelis were killed or israel responded by invading southern lebanon and setting up what it termed as a security zone to drive p.l.o. forces out of rocketry which. almost a year later israel struck a massive blow against the p.l.o. by assassinating a hustler salam he was in charge of artifacts personal security. over the years he had been developing contacts with the cia and was seen as
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a point man for interaction with the air. that we had through the cia some kind of aaliyah's honored russian ship without a house and salama. and that had to do ostensibly with security issues. and it worked embassy was never attacked in those days. now people still argue whether that relationship led to our house and saw my becoming an agent of the cia or not. i personally think that he did it but i can't prove it i was in government during that period and we were in fact receiving remarkably sensitive intelligence from inside the p.l.o. at the highest levels and i if it wasn't our house and saw it was somebody very much like him. i felt could do little to parry such blows being delivered by it but
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it was a different matter went up on a dog resumed his assassination a fact that representatives of broke. into nine hundred seventy eight from his base in baghdad abu nidal ordered the killing of us bureau chief. explicitly accused iraqi intelligence of complicity in the s.s. and. two months later the abu nidal group killed at the hospital as representative . retaliated by attacking the iraqi embassy in paris and targeting iraqi diplomats in london paris and karate. abu nidal struck yet again on june first one nine hundred eighty one killing the p.l.o. brussels representative but abu nidal as most significant operation was to come pay year later. on june third one nine hundred eighty two and other than the doll gunmen opened fire on israel's ambassador to london critically wounded. israel responded by launching a military operation more massive than its nineteen seventy three war effort
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against the combined forces of egypt and syria. and nine hundred eighty two israeli invasion of lebanon had been an open secret for some time the lebanon israel border had been a constant point of tension as palestinians and israelis dreda drugget and artillery fire and a fact had realized that it was only a matter of time before israel launched an all out attack go ahead. but. they had the man who at our i thought was the only one who believed that an israeli invasion which would reach beirut was inevitable he complied appeal always military council and it won't a committee headed by the p.l.o. his chief of staff start to plan the defense of beirut. many palestinians are expected to repeat of the one nine hundred seventy eight invasion and assault with limited objects. said that many there yeah.
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the belief was that the israeli operation would not extend beyond forty kilometers from the international border this effected palestinian preparations for the invasion as well as syrian and lebanese preparations therefore resistance to the invasion in southern lebanon was ineffective. on june sixth month after two days of airstrikes israel its land invasion of lebanon. with the exception of stiff resistance put up by the defenders of the palestinian refugee camps in southern lebanon palestinian forces in general quickly collapsed commanders abandoned their fighters in the field and fled for safety artifact was living. in the edge out of it was incredulous kept on saying in all possible he couldn't believe the israelis were advancing so far so quickly he orders to for assistance later on i learned that he was very angry that there was
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no real resistance such as want to have sort of the the operational headquarters in the south seriously mess calculated the commanders believed that all was lost and left i went to arafat's headquarters in beirut and told him what happened he became agitated and started swearing. syrian forces in lebanon were drawn into the fighting an epic three day air battle left the syrian air force virtually decimated . unable to sustain such losses. syria agreed a ceasefire with israel within the first week of the invasion the palestinians were now left on their own. along modern man my magill half a cup and out if i did not just accept that the syrians had been defeated he made it seem like the shooter as didn't fight the whole but the syrians did fight in the back of elie under mountains around beirut and lost lots of men and equipment but they fought to defend themselves and love the palestinians the syrian army had not orders the check that is raid advance of the israelis had left the syrians alone.
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by now the israelis had arrived at the gates of the lebanese capital but the closer they do to beirut the tougher the fighting became they fought and they fought very bravely as yet very bravely the siege of beirut had begun. the p.l.o. was encircled some palestinian leaders advised the p.l.o. should surrender but i've had had other ideas the audition. and the jury had gotten off. at one early meeting the leader of the p.f. lp general command homage agreeable suggested excepting israeli towns of withdrawal under the banner of the red cross this hour i mean red cross provided overall i've had said he would say a prayer to help them arrive at the decision and he went away and returned and said i sense the winds of heaven blowing god has ordered me to fight. the winds of heaven as i described them meant holding out for better conditions in
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a bid to raise more out out a fact and his office feels toward the streets of the besieged lebanese capital. massive israeli bombardment caused civilian casualties but also strengthened the palestinians resolve. finally in august after two months of siege and bombardment u.s. envoy philip had he been announced that an agreement had been. their grievance gave safe passage for the p.l.o. fighters to leave lebanon on the understanding that israeli forces would not enter west bank. the evacuation of the p.l.o. marked the end of an era. after more than ten years and eleven on the p.l.o. was finally made. it was a dramatic moment. for the fighters. for the lebanese. and for the palestinian refugees left behind.
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most p.l.o. leaders left to damascus. but out of fact signaling his displeasure with syria charles to build to its. within days of the departure of the last palestinian fighters lebanese president elect bashir gemayel was assassinated. breaking the american brokered agreement israeli forces moved into west beirut under the pretext of keeping the peace. the israelis accuse the p.l.o. of leaving two thousand of its fighters in beirut's refugee camps the charge was a fabrication. the israelis quickly encircled the refugee camps and brought in their allies from the christine lebanese forces militia. on september sixteenth one thousand eighty two dozens of lebanese forces militia men entered the some branch of the refugee camps. we knew of course that israeli had surrounded the camp and we also knew that in the night the flares was there that the campus was lighted up we
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saw it from from distance and after i remembered that night it was very strange it was so quiet it was like a ghost town and we didn't realize that inside this ghost town was the killing and the shooting. under the watchful eyes of there is really analyzed the lebanese militia men embarked on one of the most horrific massacres of modern times. skies were lit by israeli flares as the militia men continued their own people. and then we stopped it came in the same way and we saw the bodies and i went around with my tape recorder i had no crew and had no television crew in the beginning to count bodies throwing up throwing up counting bodies.
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like that this hunger. and. that she would house men five children. and the more bodies we found out was there in las. women killed children killed and we also saw that had used all those years to to take the rap is over that that bodies we couldn't believe our eyes. by the time it was finished the subbranch of the law massacre had claimed the lives of some eight hundred palestinian and lebanese civilians. the israelis set up a tribunal to investigate the massacre. in its final report the kahan commission found that israeli defense minister ariel sharon bore personal responsibility for the massacre. the p.l.o.
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in exile and no longer the force it once was could only watch impotently stripped of his base in lebanon not a fact was in the political wilderness. israel and its american benefactors had the stablished a foothold in lebanon one that syria backed by the soviet union sought to overthrow in the eyes of damascus the much weakened p.l.o. was ripe for the taking and to defeated the acid artifact was of no political consequence but for the master of palestinian politics who had just emerged from doing battle with the israelis the fight for survival was about to enter a new and bloodier phase. expelled from their base in jordan in lebanon and left in a political. rebellion was rising in the reins of the law but was this just another inevitable step down the road to this is above the last story that there was
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a war the conflict the cost on to fight his leadership in life. chronicling the term story and struggle for a monster. known history of a revolution on al-jazeera. business updates brought to you by qatar airways going places together.
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business updates brought to you by qatar airways going places together when the news is restricted and fan said the press is not free and is external interference and influence and the moon is used to exploit not explained. when journalists access to information is. us. and just as never sees the light of day. on the weekend the team of course you know what the show will have. and the stories that matter go on told and the press does not see. and neither are we.
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every year in pakistan hundreds of women are victims of so-called honor killing one on one east searches for the truth in a case that exposes the growing clash between old beliefs and modern life on al-jazeera. this is al-jazeera. hello i'm adrian figure and this is the news hour live from doha coming up in the next sixty minutes the u.n. calls on myanmar to stop discriminating against the hinges and give back their rights to citizenship and property. a frantic search for teenage footballers
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missing in a cave in thailand for four days we'll take you there live. accused of violating human rights qatar takes the u.a.e. to the un's international court of justice for enforcing a thirteen month long blockade. and in ford we'll have all the latest from the world than it was our right on the night for leno mathy argentina survive a real scare to beat nine charioteer one an event for the last sixteen of the world cup. the united nations envoy to me has called for the dismantling of what she says is a system of discrimination against muslims yankee league told the un human rights council that orange or should have their rights to citizenship and property restored in response. called for to be replaced well this comes as amnesty international has named more than a dozen myanmar military personnel that they say are responsible for war crimes
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against the ranger in its latest report the human rights group documented what it called a planned and systematic campaign that involved murder rape and forced starvation our diplomatic editor james bays reports. amnesty international researches say they've uncovered devastating new details about the crimes committed against these people the right as they were expelled from their homes they interviewed more than four hundred people mostly survivors and witnesses here in the refugee camps of bangladesh and inside rakhine state in myanmar and they give a clear picture of a planned and systematic military campaign in each case villages were surrounded and then attacked many were killed where i lived alongside other communities only the rectangle homes were torched. the villages were surrounded by the me and my military soldiers swept through they opened fire on men women and children as they
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were running away and they systematically burned down their wishes and what this shows is that this was not the work of rogue soldiers or units involved units across a large area that this was a pattern carried out and therefore suggest that it was a pattern carried out pursuant to me a common plan the human rights group is naming thirteen commanders and officers who believes are responsible for war crimes one of those generals is now being sacked by the commander in chief's office but it's not believed to be linked to these allegations and amnesty want all thirteen sent to the international criminal court why is the family history twenty seventeen here in the operations one president is reaching out and answer to. crimes against humanity we actually you know. for starvation illegal and targeted to you it's the norm from
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us to serious and they should be referred to the international. any referral to the international criminal court is unlikely to happen soon and that's because it either has to come from the government to be unmarked that steeply unlikely or from the u.n. security council and on this council there's one country that strongly supported the government of myanmar it just happens to be a permanent member of the security council with veto power china james phase out his era at the united nations all the crisis began in organise last year when the military responded with a massive crackdown to what it called attacks by an armed drone hinge a group months of violence followed evidence a sense emerged pointing to mass killings and systematic sexual abuse systemic i'm sorry sexual abuse by the security forces as many properties owned by. the families were destroyed the un human rights chief has called it
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a textbook case of ethnic cleansing the result a mass exodus of ranger from me and more than seven hundred thousand of them fled most of them are now living in camps in bangladesh authorities that have struggled to handle the influx in november the two governments agreed a repair tree ation deal but hardly any road have returned to me unwanted in bangladesh and unwelcome in myanmar for now their future remains uncertain let's speak now to matthew smith who is the co-founder and chief executive officer of fortify rights a human rights organization specializing in southeast asia he joins us live from kuala lumpur matthew good to have you with us we've heard about amnesty international's findings then what are your findings on the extent of war crimes committed by memo military personnel against the in-joke well certainly the are factual findings of fortify rights with regard to the atrocity crimes against the range are largely consistent with amnesty international human rights
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watch and also wrote communities themselves we have documented systematic rape killings massacres these types of violations taking place since october two thousand and sixteen at least. fortify rights believes these crimes constitute the crime of genocide and certainly crimes against humanity as well so what happens now we heard from diplomatic gives the at the u.n. about the difficulties of getting this refer to the international criminal court. well right now u.n. member states need to think very hard and seriously about the implications of an action and our one of our main concerns right now is not only for the writing of population but also for other communities around the world impunity travels impunity doesn't know borders so if the un security council fails in this situation
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it would be disastrous not only for the range of population or for the people of myanmar but potentially for other communities elsewhere so i mean it seems that from what diplomatic as it was saying that china is likely to be the problem a poem and a member of the u.n. security council what can other nations do then to pressure of china. well you know the u.n. member states that are that make up the security council all have bilateral relationships with china and so there are there are a large number of different ways and means that states can negotiate with china centrally what's what's been asked of china from our perspective at least is actually just in action just get out of the way so that justice can run its course in myanmar but the other side of this is well is that china has multibillion dollar investments in me in march and in the state where these violations are taking place and frankly genocide is not good for business it's not good for humanity for the
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world so this is this is a situation that china should do the right thing china should get out of the way u.n. member states should act urgently and diplomats should stop relying on this notion that a referral to the i.c.c. is impossible because of china as we were hearing any referral to the i.c.c. if it gets to that will take some time in the meantime the place of the ranges particularly those in bangladesh continues what can be done what must be done to ease the place. it's a great point adrian there's a lot of needless suffering happening right now there needs to be. free and unfettered humanitarian access not only on the bangladesh side in the camps as as you pointed out but also in northern rakhine state and in the internment camps in myanmar the government of myanmar still to this day confines more than one hundred
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twenty thousand. to dozens of internment camps in rakhine state and there are you serious humanitarian needs there as well so there does need to be immediate urgent attention to that ok matthew good to talk to you many thanks indeed for being with us press use with the from falsify it rights and human rights organizations specializing in southeast asia. a german rescue ship with more than two hundred migrants on board remains stranded at sea now for a sixth day the ship the lifeline is off the coast of malta but it's unclear if it will be able to dock that malta says that it doesn't have broad agreement from e.u. states on how to distribute the migrants evenly a spokesman for lifeline says that some of those on board are in poor health and life now to malta. is that john what's the latest.
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at the moment the ship has been allowed to enter maltese territorial waters that's because as you can see from the port of walesa behind me which is a relatively protected area there is a lot of wind picking up as high seas out there high wood of waves lashing the sides of the ship so the maltese authorities have allowed them to enter the relative safety and relative shelter of the territorial waters of the island but they still have no permission to enter this port and this is where refugee ships normally would dog right next to this marina here behind me you see the. military forces docked and that is where the this refugee ship which would in theory be allowed to come in and offload the two hundred thirty three refugees and migrants that it has rescued at sea at the moment though they're not being allowed to do that and they have a lot of sea sickness on board three people are in the on board hospital one was evacuated to a hospital here in malta yesterday they are in great discomfort physical and
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psychological because they simply don't know what their face is going to be in theory a political agreement is night whereby multiple agree to allow the ship to reach its port but that is contingent on five other countries in the european union agreeing to take some of the people off of multis hand and process them for their asylum applications that political agreement hasn't yet been agreed. it's a political problem that is keeping this ship out at sea at the moment you say that there is where a vast like this would normally have docked needs to bring ashore refugees why isn't allowing this particular vessel to dock as it has done with with previous vessels. because motor is just off shore libya to the east of. any boat leaving libya bound north for the boot of italy or coming off. italy is going to
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hit the multis are a small country they feel very exposed right in the line of all of this traffic and what has really put them over the edge is the new talent government which assumed power on the first of june has decided to follow a policy of turning rescue ships away from its ports if it's only a country of fifty million is refusing to take shipments of several hundred migrants multan is much less well equipped to do so and what they're afraid of is that unless they come to an agreement with the larger european nations on the proportionality of how these shipments of people are going to be divided up in future they are going to end up simply having to accept all these shipments by default and you can see the point they already have a lot of refugee camps on the island they are more exposed than the larger countries in the northern mediterranean basin they need.

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