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tv   Week 2 The Heat of Battle  Al Jazeera  June 28, 2018 9:00am-10:01am +03

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so no matter how you take it al-jazeera will bring in the news and current events that matter to. al-jazeera. the top stories on al-jazeera more than two hundred refugees and migrants have reached land after being stuck at sea while european leaders argued about their fate johnson reports. after six days at sea the lifeline finally came to dock at the letter but also to be impounded the multis government says it is not registered as a search and rescue ship has fails to obey the orders of the italian coast guard and often switched off its transponder to disguise its position raising suspicion
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that the ship could be deliberately helping smugglers the head of mission lifeline says italian authorities opens the investigation against it and suspects political motives under the new anti migration government in rome because the lifeline operated without problems last year we started in the last year and in september. we were starting here. and we had a fight we had five missions with this board last year and rescued five hundred forty nine people for the two hundred thirty three people from sub-saharan countries on board it was the end of an ordeal seven european union members agreed to help malta with their asylum claims that agreement persuaded the multis government to allow the lifeline to dock. the lifeline six day odyssey ended here a boil a war for the refugees and migrants that carried will have their asylum interviews in europe but will thora to say this is an individual arrangement there's no
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guarantee of safe harbor for future shiploads italy's refusal to accept search and rescue ships has opened a new rift in the e.u. it's twenty seven leaders a broadly divided between two camps those who believe in collective action and a growing insurgency that says the e.u. needs to push its defense outward creating process in camps in africa and the middle east allowing no one to cross these waters mulder's premier says the hardliners are tempting to politicize a practical issue what i think it is is surely a situation where there were members who show that for the values of europeans. are not something to be found just in the treaty but that we. i don't think it's all about. grandstanding. high flying political. experience it's about how we act corporations and how they manage the situation
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solidarity is certainly what these multis teenagers have in mind when they think of europe i think they should be divided by a different kind of view so we don't have much coming here anymore i thought it was it is a small plane. but not all european countries feel they're in the same boat jumps are all plus al-jazeera valetta more heavy rain in northern thailand has hampered the search for a football team missing for four days in a flooded cave but rescuers remain optimistic the teenagers are alive because in the past cave explorers have been found when floodwaters receded there's been no contact with the twelve teens and the coach since saturday. u.s. defense secretary james mattis continues to asia with a visit to south korea where he is sure the defense minister america would maintain its current troop levels in the region matters left beijing not too long ago we sat
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down with china's president xi jinping the main topic there was territorial disputes in the south china sea she said china will not give up any inch of territory in the pacific ocean the leaders of south sudan's warring parties have signed a peace agreement aimed at ending the country's four and a half year civil war ceasefire is due to begin within seventy two hours prison salva kiir and rebel leaders signed the deal in the sudanese capital khartoum the civil war broke out after kids of plotting a coup in twenty thirteen just two years after became an independent nation political parties in mexico entering the final few days of campaigning ahead of sunday's presidential election country's largest vote in modern history those are the headlines the war in october is up next.
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on the sixth of october nine hundred seventy three the tenth day of ramadan the muslim holy month and young kapoor the holiest of holy days in the jewish calendar egypt and syria launched an all out war against israel. this first liberation of land occupied by israel in the one nine hundred sixty seven six day war provoked an enthusiastic response across the arab world. that in the show a little bit. of the moroccan people were so enthusiastic about the war that
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was evident in the campaign organized a more open cities especially the big ones to donate blood and it was a very popular campaign that how is it that. and what it will give them in algeria and president bush took up the cause and gave a blank check to the soviets and said spend it as you like on weapons one hundred million dollars for egypt and one hundred million for syria to cover everything they need in the way of ammunition weapons spare parts and so on that. area. in october one thousand nine hundred seventy three the arab world seemed to have united behind a single precious. but the common purpose of egypt and syria the two countries who started this whole was about to dissolve
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into acrimony and mistrust. the syrian golan heights. occupied by israel and the one nine hundred sixty seven six day war. still occupied to this day. this high plateau is a tranquil and beautiful place. but it is also scarred and defaced by the bloody fighting that took place here in october one thousand nine hundred seventy three. memorial stand to the israeli forces the four to desperate battle to stop the syrian thrust which threatened to reach right to the heart of israel. in the first five days of
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warhead on the golan israeli losses alone amounted to two hundred fifty tanks and hundreds of men. it was and vicious for the syrians to think that they could enter tricked significantly into the israeli rare over the course of twenty four hours but it was not wholly under realistic how the israelis not being able to respond flexibly it is entirely possible about a syrian exploitation force could have had a trade into northern israel with an attack. but it was not to be and less than twenty four hours israel had mobilized two armored divisions which soon turned the syrian advance into retreat. on the tenth of october and after suffering huge losses and tanks the syrians withdrew from the
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golan heights. back behind the one nine hundred sixty seven cease fire line the same place they had started their assault five days earlier. now the israelis faced a crucial choice what should be the next move the decision taken in tel aviv was typically bold to go on the attack to push on into syria itself. to make it to the other side and the game of fire. and we are going to read. and out. and out lie down and write viruses. and alcohol every week there will be out of. there. the effort to take syria out of
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the war had already started the previous day with strikes by the powerful israeli air force. in the worst possible conditions we penetrated deep into syria to damascus and blew up their air force headquarters and the general staff most of them and full of fear. these were the first of a string of attacks targeting syrian infrastructure. and at that stage syrian population got up on the roof to watch the bombs fall and most of all the exciting. truth had been sunk in the country was mortal danger. alongside the heavy
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aerial strikes israel would launch its ground offensive. to ahmed divisions would attack across the nine hundred sixty seven cease fire line known as the popular line along the damascus road towards the syrian capital sixty kilometers to the east. at first light on the eleventh of october the assault began. despite fierce syrian resistance the israelis advanced capturing territories deep inside the syrian mainland. but. in the. the retreat began when the israelis launched a massive counter attack the first division started to retreat before the israeli army. when it did it had almost two hundred fifty tanks and the infantry brigades
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behind it they started to retreat to this resulted in the advance of the israeli army i remember that day the president issued an order dismissing the commander of that division and appointing another in his place what i in the. stories emerged that assad's punishment for his commanders went beyond mere dismissal. and as. i remember yes more than one officer was arrested and it said that some of them were executed. there was one senior commander that president assad summoned and asked him to account for himself that the commander then shot himself in front of the president. assad's rage was borne of the anger he felt towards his allies in cairo. the egyptians had successfully stormed across the canal on the first day of war.
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they had quickly established a defensive bridge had ten kilometers deep and repulsed all the israeli armored attacks. but since then they had moved not an inch further east into sinai. a kind of ace said the president has said kept calling president sadat telling him mr president advance the whole israeli armed forces are in front of us and we are taking aerial strikes by the entire israeli air force there is nothing stopping you from advancing deep into sinai as we agreed but there was no answer. when i show up. eight months earlier a to meeting in egypt set out on our side had forged a plan with a common purpose they had agreed to launch a war against israel on two fronts. but now it seemed the two presidents had entirely different concepts of the war they had planned together. as
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a tell me that from the moment of the seizure of power is ambition his dream was to avenge the seeds of ninety six to seven when syria had lost. to israel with us and them self have been defense minister so i think you felt as with personal responsibility for the recovery of the land. assad saw the war which he was planning as the war of liberation. sadat on the other hand had been planning for a limited war to focus the minds of the world superpowers and jumpstart the stalled peace process. would you say that when president sadat came to power he met with us in march nineteenth seventy one he told us just need to get things back on track just give me ten centimeters of land in the east and that will be enough for. a week into the war
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it's possible target had already been surpassed it seemed a swift victory might be in sight. in the early hours of october the thirteenth he was woken for an urgent meeting. the british ambassador had come with an offer to broker a united nations cease fire resolution the israelis he told sadat were ready to accept the cease fire based on the current positions. saddam kaka shade. really army had been hit hard the israeli army was ready to accept. to ceasefire it was defeat at that moment a terrible defeat and we were ready to accept that which shows that we'd given up hope of winning the war. seduced by success sadat now refused the british offer. he would only accept a ceasefire he said if israel withdrew from the whole of sinai things are going
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very well so far so that he would want to stop the war something dramatic had to be done to persuade him to to agree to a cease fire or maybe even to get him to request a cease fire and. the only thing that could work was crossing of the canal that might scare them enough. but the egyptians alive to the possibility of how to arm the divisions with over two hundred tanks each in a second line of defense west of the canal. it was a problem of which israeli chief of staff general divied delhi has said was well aware. before crossing the crown he wanted to draw those two arm of the business to the israeli side for two reasons one not to have to cross while those two the reasons are waiting for him on the back of the canal when you're very vulnerable number two to
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have them on the israeli side where he can meet them on israel's terms. generally as it was sure that a second phase of the egyptian attack would begin on october the night. with those two armored divisions crossing the canal to advance in sinai strategic passes some forty kilometers to the east. but the egyptian plan was to stay put. yet forty eight hours later president sadat gave a new and surprising order to his womanist general smiled they were to go ahead with just the second phase the advance that it had been waiting for you know. on october eleventh. came to me and said we want to advance to the past as i told him it was not possible for many reasons
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and one can actually get it to. carry on with russia he came again on the twelfth and said we want to go ahead with the advance to take the pressure off syria i told him we can take the pressure off syria the enemy air force is capable of holding any front west then he said with a get. well again on the for wealth for the third time he said no this is a political decision and it has to be implemented c.s.e. live with their fees. after a long debate for the shadley general smile issued orders to the commanders of egypt second and third field to begin the advance east. yeah there was almost immediately both of them called me and said we can carry out orders the minister sent us that's what i was told by saddam our moon and i've been when i was alone and sad i won't even said he's ready to hand in his resignation.
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that night the two commanders was summoned to send to ten the egyptian armed forces command center in cairo. heads up march right to midnight i just made was just like a broken record this is a political decision and it has to be implemented if you don't it's tantamount to mutiny so all we could manage to do was to postpone the start of the attack until the fourteenth we delayed for twenty four hours. ironically at almost exactly the same time egyptian commanders were arguing over an attack from west to east the israelis were locked in their own debate about an attempted crossing and the other direction. attending the stormy meeting in golden mayor's. office was seasoned near the head of the israeli intelligence must sat. reading was old and with the. inner cabinet and the general staff.
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in the middle of the discussions someone entered and whispered into jism years here and he excused himself went out. as a man returned with astonishing information from an impeccable source a spy operating at the heart of affairs in cairo the egyptians were on the point to moving their armored divisions across the canal. next day thirteenth of october confirmation arrived in israel. an american spy plane as saw seventy one black but had photographed the suez canal front with high resolution cameras. recognizance pictures showed the west bank was suddenly empty of the chips and tanks. the egyptians were committing their biggest mistake of the wall. the israelis would do nothing to stop them.
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ebrahimi their lobby over here a lot of the commander of the twenty first armored division told me i was surprised because while we were crossing from west to east i expected to be hit by the israeli air force but nothing happened not a single tank was hit and the crossing from west to east they just let us in. with a little bit of trouble. the egyptian plan was to make for some thrusts towards the sinai strategic passes and crossroads. three of the assaults would be made by ahmed brigades. the central push would be by a full division the twenty first homage. at six thirty in the morning of the fourteenth of october the egyptian army moved east. of
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the one gate where there are spoke to. a word in the negative orders of it for gardening and suddenly out of a rupture of our egyptian tax. the israelis were waiting for the tank assault in pre-prepared positions on the ridges east of the egyptian bridgeheads. then all the tanks came up and boom boom boom boom. in the first few minutes of the battle the gypsum twenty first armored division suffered significant casualties. in the session. of the city or at the border one of the armored brigade commanders was martyred call know it so you toffy up which at the least also his chief of staff was injured and the commander of their total brigade was martyred. there was a lot of confusion at the front and that's a word you. will be afloat it's awful lot saw us all we definitely succeeded in
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stopping dozens if not hundreds of egyptian tanks and blowing them up it was not many casualties on our side during the action. by midday on the food thousandth of october two hundred fifty tanks had been lost. the egyptian general command ordered all advancing forces to retreat westwards to the bridge heads. here at the house it was an attempt to relieve the pressure on the syrian front but it didn't do that how could we do that the distance between us and them is five hundred kilometers how could we relieve the pressure. in fact by the time the egyptians launched their attack the syrian front had already been stabilized. israelis had been forced to halt their advance by the arrival of iraqi troops. in their home
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after. they arrived and surprised our forces when they attacked. we had put out an alert that the iraqi forces are moving towards the golan but we couldn't tell them the precise location so that came as a surprise. they tried to place part of the blame on us but what could be done. now has over. the iraqi third armored division had moved swiftly from its bases around baghdad towards the golan a distance of over a thousand kilometers. levels than. we arrived that night and the outskirts of damascus it was guarded by syrian civilians the things they said to us that night the eleventh of october shocked us are you iraqis yes we are iraqis
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for god's sake save our own. we thought it was a total victory that was a huge shock we started to realize that the situation had completely changed. into sot heavy o.r.c. . also there. despite their fatigue the iraqi forces were rushed to the front to reinforce syrian troops retreating before the advancing israelis. shorter so i we had penetrated deep into syrian territory i climbed a couple of observation towers i saw the air was full of dust and i assumed it was one of our forces on the move the division commander called me in and told me that a very large force was moving towards us and that it was very close something like a thousand meters away. if you heard them open. and that situation that was a strategic victory on the syrian front the timing was perfect if it happened come
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just twenty four hours later it would have been much tougher and the israeli forces would have reached the gates from damascus for a swap of which. five squadrons of the iraqi air force some sixty at craft were flown to syria to make up for losses sustained by the syrian air force so wolf if you can see some maturity in the iraqi prison sort of fresh the syrian pilots up tied for the bottom even the most his didn't know how compilers from iraq are up for the fight why the syrians are reluctant to leave babies so it turned into a competition to carry out their missions and that in view could watch what he said . with the arrival and the participation of iraqi forces in the war the jordanian army was now straining at the leash. there that happy if.
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it was very embarrassing for us i mean it embarrass the late king the same a lot because there were two arab countries who had territory occupied in one nine hundred sixty seven and jordan was a third arab country whose territory ha been occupied. i do not in sixty seven of those two other countries are fighting to regain what they lost while you're not what i remember i turned to one of the meeting saying how old with the military and i saw how much pressure they put on him to go to the war. because if it. is. through august of. that the iraqis and jordanians were not the first to arrive. five months before the outbreak of the war
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on the second of morocco had sent to brigade to support the syrian front the moroccan brigade was given the name. they didn't want us over with. very expression to lead them means home or campaign. the americans were given the task of guarding the eastern foothills of mount hermon. more expeditionary forces would soon arrive from other arab countries. but. on the syrian front we first faced a moroccan brigade later the iraqis came and we fought then to. then later the jordanians came along after that the saudis so we found four armies there we had to fight. the israelis had suffered heavy losses but they had also achieved significant gains in the last four days.
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they had advanced to within thirty five kilometers of damascus and occupied new territories to bring to the bargaining table after the war. now their initial goals in the north achieved the israelis were about to turn their attention south to the egyptians. the plan to cross the suez canal had been finalized and given the name stout hearted man. the story of a british italian man experiencing life close up in a palestinian refugee camp the big it's. coming face to face with the daily lives of its residents some of whom have lived there for seventy years but it's
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been the refugio most soldiers life it's not the only life the short seven days in beirut. on al jazeera. and i'm joined on the top stories on al-jazeera more than two hundred refugees and migrants stuck at sea while european leaders argued about their fate have reached land after a six day stalemate the charity ship lifeline docked in malta eight and you countries have agreed to take a share of the migrants i think it's too early to say how many will go where we have very clear indications. of and play just very concrete pledges from each member state i think everyone will take or linked to it's safe to say everyone is
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take according to. its. it's capability u.s. defense secretary james mattis continues his tour of asia with a visit to south korea where he assured his counterpart america would maintain its current troop levels in the region matches left to beijing not long ago way sat down with china's president xi jinping the main topic there was territorial disputes in the south china sea she said china would not give up quote any inch of territory in the pacific ocean the u.s. and russia says summit between their two leaders will take place but they have given few details official say the talks between president donald trump and vladimir putin will be held in a third country the leaders of south sudan as warring parties of song signed a peace agreement aimed at ending the country's former half year civil war ceasefire is due to begin within three days president salva kiir and rebel leaders
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signed the deal in the sudanese capital khartoum saudi arabia's arrested another prominent female activist in what human rights groups of called an unrelenting crack done a tune of fifty is a professor is long campaigned for the woman's right to drive authorities say nine of the seventeen detained so far remain behind bars accused of aiding enemies of the state the driving ban was lifted on sunday yet they were still targeted forest more heavy rain in northern thailand has hampered the search for a football team missing for four days in a flooded cave but rescuers remain optimistic the teenagers are alive because in the past cave explorers have been found when floodwaters receded there's been no contact with the trial footballers and they coach since saturday those are the headlines let's go back now to the war in october. july on al-jazeera in a new series of had to had maddie hasson tackle the big issues with hard hitting
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questions mexico is getting ready for a general election of direction will the country take as it struggles with drug violence and economic instability. people in power continues to examine the use and abuse of power around the world as the world cup in russia nears its end we'll bring you stories from on and off the pitch of the world's most viewed sporting events on television and online the stream continues to tap into the extraordinary potential of social media to disseminate news. july on al-jazeera. during the war in october nine hundred seventy three ariel sharon was the general in command of the hundred forty third reserve army division one of three facing the egyptians in the suez front. a controversial personality sharon had already
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developed a plan to deal with any egyptian attack during his three and a half years as commander of the southern front an assignment that had ended just three months earlier. so then i asked him what will happen of the. any. where this war is going to end. where. they are on the other side of the come out. that's the only place where it can be terminated. this is the first time i hear it's we are going to course the source that. was around seven thirty of top of the six you know the pool. the nice kitchen in the ship. on the night of october the ninth the fourth day of the war sharon sent his
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reconnaissance battalion west towards the canal. surprisingly no egyptian forces and to separate them and they quickly reached the shores of the bitter lake where the waterway is up to five kilometers wide turning north the israelis and had to abandon foods of the bar-lev line block a can and maps meant. the battalion had stumbled on the forty kilometer wide undefended gap between the gyptian second and third armies. sharon was electrified and radioed headquarters for permission to implement his strategy. when sharon tells them. we have to cross the come out we have to arrive in their rear they tell him we cannot afford to do what you are suggesting because you are the only division which we got intact. you are the only
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one. between the enemy and tel aviv. what's more on october the ninth there were still two egyptian army divisions on the western side of the canal ready to counter any israeli crossing. sharon's plan was placed on hold until five days later when those two divisions suddenly crossed the canal and began their abortive advance deep into sinai. now the israeli plan could be activated the time had come to stout hearted men. but to pull it off the israelis would need to transport a curious mix of equipment to the water line. picked up in europe. second her from tomb bridge the year before the war surplus and also picked up floating wraps mechanize
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raf's which karyotype. but third and most important was an actual bridge specially built in israel this was how the main forces would cross the canal the idea of the bridge. roller bridge they call it it was. a bridge that was built in tire it was two hundred metres long metal bridge with metal rollers are rowers but the rulers were thrilled with the substance that floated to pull it to the canal but with tanks where you reach the edge of the canal the attacks in the back just pushing out of order and you have a ready made bridge. but getting the four hundred ton bridge to the water's edge a twenty five kilometer journey was to prove harder than expected.
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before the wall the israelis had cut a dirt track specially designed for moving the bridge to a pre-prepared crossing point but now that track was an egyptian hands. and a strong defensive position the southern flank of the second egyptian army stood in the way of any israeli advance. the battle to open the road to the canal would be called the battle of chinese farm. like farms on the eastern bank of the canal today the area was an egyptian agricultural development on which work had begun in the early one nine hundred sixty s. with the help of japanese experts. occupied during the six day war the israelis had mistaken the japanese writing on irrigation equipment for chinese. the farm had now been recaptured by the egyptians
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the sixteenth division dug into dry ditches now serving as trenches. had to engage the second army. so that the bridges could reach the canal and the tanks could cross on the bridge and. a dusk on the fifteenth of october. the israeli tanks started their assault on the chinese form. but the egyptians would counter the attack using their new highly effective weapon anti tank guided missiles. but. see. i remember the conversation between opera gate commander. and division commander ariel sharon and he called to view raviv too because it was the second of his three brigades and he said to this is forty forty is the division
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commander the attack is looking good. and to be a raviv who had a d. crimean invoiced said forty two here it's our tanks that are over. wash our owns division was taking heavy casualties and the chinese form a seven hundred fifty strong israeli paratroops force was advancing towards the canal across the genes. by midnight they had reached the crossing point. the. current troop. reached the canal after x. . and carrying with them half trucks or rubber boots. and they crossed uncertain of what they would find on the other side and the first. car bomb gave us another back. yo clear and they didn't go in there they stablished
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a bridge here so there was no one is really a presence on the western bank. but despite the desperate efforts of the israelis the road to the canal remained closed find entire egyptian infantry brigade. but there was one ray of light for the israelis and mechanized rovs could move independently across open terrain. and by six thirty on the morning of the sixteenth of october fifteen rovs had reached the canal and began ferrying tanks to the west. just when we arrived there and it's quiet. and we have there we have there on the come out sharon sense between twelve to twenty thanks across the cannot and what happens is exactly what he said and
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it's in these that array there gypsies don't know what happens to them for twenty four hours that arrival in their rear of the enemy was exactly what sharon was aiming at and the decisive phase of the war is closing. the israeli canal crossing went almost unnoticed by the egyptians. and later that same morning in cairo it seemed the head of state was totally unaware of what was going on at the front. and his first public appearance since the start of the war sadat led a victory parade through the streets towards parliament.
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he was accompanied by a woman mr general mattis my. commute home. and arrows and speech sadat set out his conditions first cease fire a total israeli withdrawal from sinai. later that day in jerusalem golda made made her own speech she decided to share the good news with the israeli knesset. for fifteen this
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afternoon israeli population were told for the first time that their troops were on the west bank of the su is going to. want to mrs murray is said came as a surprise not just to the israeli people but also to the egyptian military. israeli paratroopers and tanks had formed a limited bridge had on the western side of the canal in an area called. me but egyptian report. it's about the israeli crossing the confusing and underestimated the scale of the problem. in the supply there was a problem with the reconnaissance and most or all of the reconnaissance units were on the eastern side of the kind i was there was no reconnaissance in the west to provide information and that's why when i asked for information about the west no one knew anything much. it was only when the israeli forces in the west went on the offensive that the egyptians fast crossed the extent of the problem. that the enemy
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was already in their backyards. one of them at least the first cross received. radio call for headquarters saying someone wants to talk to you. the voice as that of their force commander general but. you have a map. you see the flowers on them those are. better. please destroy them out. located on the western side of the canal the egyptian surface to air missiles and cause the israeli afros heavy losses in the first days of the war. now reachable by israeli tanks it was payback time for the egyptian and defense. but despite the israeli success in destroying the somme batteries other aspects of
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stout hearted men were not going so well. alas i shall get the ariel sharon received in order not to activate his forces in the west of the canal because the concern was that if they were unable to establish a real bridge a pontoon or roller it would be impossible to establish a logistics route to evacuate casualties send supplies send forces. and then they would even consider canceling the whole operation or. the israelis still hadn't gained control of the road to the crossing point foot soldiers would have to be used to flush out the egyptian infantry and tank hunters and the ditches of the chinese farm. we were walking in the sands a beautiful. by in the silence everything was properly quiet and suddenly. the heavy heavy fire back but really heavy for. some peripheral
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gyptian numbers and tanks. with light arms. during that long night the egyptians inflicted heavy losses on the paratroopers forty one killed and over a hundred wounded. but the action kept egyptian forces occupied and both the israelis the opportunity to tow their pontoons forward to the crossing point. by the night of the sixteenth of october having finally realised the scale of the israeli operation the egyptians reacted. the plan was simple the twenty fifth armored brigade would move northwards to meet up with the twenty first division which would advance southwards. in a pencil move the two armored units would close the gap and crush the israeli
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forces. the plan seemed straightforward but to general it was flawed. he wanted the brigade to cross to the west and make its assault on that side of the canal which was under gyptian control. general ismail ordered that new forces that had already crossed to the east should cross back to the west. this he said was a political decision taken by president sadat himself. neither. would back down until finally president sadat was asked to come to the egyptian main command center known as center ten to arbitrate on this dispute between the top two commanders of his armed forces. at the latest i told him mr president i disagree with gen it's my ear. as soon as i said so he blew up in my face blew up in my face he shouted at me and kept saying don't ever mention with mr president
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this is not those drill words it's maneuvering with force is no maneuvering with forces and nor with through with one soldier. i would have you court martialed if the word with no one is ever mentioned again to citizens. such decision was clear the next day seventeenth of october at zero seven hundred hours the twenty fifth brigade moved northwards to carry out his mission. the chesley was about to be proved right. of the muslim home as the work of. the twenty fifth brigade came from the area of the bitter lakes and to tank brigades caught in a sort of ambush. about us two tank brigades. one brigade on that side. and the other brigade on the other side the battle was over very quickly.
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gyptian suffered heavy losses. with sixty five chance to strong only ten able to retreat southwards. had looked as if. and get the losses for the twenty fifth brigade were shocking maybe ninety percent of our tanks were lost and that was so sad because these were the best tanks in the egyptian army the new t. sixty two. what was even more damaging was what happened to the fighting units around us they regarded the twenty fifth armored brigade as their shield the pride of good gyptian army. so what happened to the twenty fifth armored brigade was a blow to the morale of the soldiers at the front during that battle and then a lot of the whole. meanwhile in the new than sector of the suez front things were no better for the egyptians after two days of heavy fighting of the chinese form
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the right flank of the second army had been decimated. the remnants of the brigade that had blocked the road to the canal had retreated. but only after making the israelis pay a heavy price. yes painful. very painful mainly because of the dead. and their wounded. and one night of the crossing with unarmed we lost some four hundred people. tanks were fighting. some of them when we saw in broad daylight later. one barrel against another like to salt competence in the medieval time a theater with tanks both of them destroyed maybe most of the people and both of them dead the valley of death next day along the come
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out was terrible. but we were on the other side of the come out. general advance on the division had successfully crossed the canal using the pontoon bridge. next day eighteenth of october early morning a dance tanks are unleashed on the egyptian red. soon they have destroyed more trees clearing the skies for the israeli air force. is not a top down the air force started to appear previously we hadn't seen it at all but after the seventeenth we started to see the air force a lot no one to stop them our defenses the anti aircraft missiles were non-existent for the air force had a free hand well as the national. on the eighteenth of october
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these really high command decided to capitalize on the successful crossing building their presence on the western bank of the canal to three armored divisions. sharon's division would move north to surround the egyptian second army and capture the city of is my idea. a duns division and another commanded by general mongan would move south to encircle the egyptian army and capture the city of suez. this would be their final goal israel would come to the bargaining table holding a trump card. israel had two bridges were going to merge. they were now ready for an army across the river started. for two days and with the bulk of the egyptian army on
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the east of the canal scattered forces in the west foot bravely trying to hold their ground against three israeli army divisions but they were outnumbered and overwhelmed. general shadley could see that his plan was on the verge of failure. and this again i was a different i went back and said the situation was becoming very dangerous so on the twentieth i said tonight i have to bring back any armored brigade i can afford from the east i had for army brigades in the east with no job i said i have to bring them back tonight as have them. that night one small general smile you had to request sadat to come to the command center the president was unmovable he simply reiterated what he had said food days earlier and. all this had a with well it appears decision was to withdraw not
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a single rifle or tank from east to west everyone to stay where he is and fight that was nonsense this is not a war in the world that works like that you have forces under pressure and you do nothing to assist them while others have nothing to do and you don't want to bring them into the battlefield and that there's a lot of. very shy as they have been you know are in the whole. the father of the for a long time general. the special forces the para. i mean the kind of forces that do high risk. and i think he was really professional. but the. sometimes he would do a board thing and maybe on certain occasions it would be to truck bomb all right marianna they had a hostile afia in obama two of the eleven commission. sadat's position
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was clear any movement of forces from east to west could undermine morale and lead to the collapse of the whole front. he's lost bargaining chip would be lost. on us at the high end as we actually are a lot of people who were dead at the time they said if we had seen just one soldier to cheating the whole army would have done the same. shortly after midnight sadat left sun to tan and return to his residency. he summoned the soviet ambassador and told him that egypt is ready to accept a cease fire. this time though it was the israelis who had no interest in a cease fire. but we can say that israel had a greater interest in the cease fire getting it right at that moment but i still have work to do so terror it was recovered.
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but in the third week of the war international attempts to broker a cease fire in the middle east would bring the whole world to the verge of a nuclear confrontation. in an exclusive documentary series al-jazeera reveals the full story of a war that changed the face of the middle east this is not afford to defeat israel this is a war way from the promise of the final episode of a three part series explores the impending threat to global superpowers i don't covers why the arab israeli conflict continues to this day the war in october the battle and beyond at this time on al-jazeera.
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hello again we'll start this time by looking at the events and western parts of asia so want to see showers across stan but otherwise don't we find conditions on marty coming a twenty nine it's pretty hot there in tashkent and his back is down mid thirty's mid thirty's also for tehran baghdad forty four degrees pretty hot weather there and down into kuwait temperatures one excess of forty but generally for a change is looking fine across much of turkey we seem to have lost the most of the shower activity and that fine weather largely continues to head on through into friday further south it should be a fine day in beirut with highs of twenty seven degrees into the arabian peninsula and weather conditions here looking fairly quiet temperatures mid forty's much as you expect at this time of the year here in doha the winds easing down temperatures again into the low forty's and not continuing as we head into friday patchy cloud around there you'll notice now into southern parts of africa it's a fine picture here in this region too long little bit of patchy cloud for the eastern cape but otherwise the fine conditions continue into friday lusaka in
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zambia their highs of twenty three central parts of africa we've got showers all the way from the ethiopian highlands through south sudan and round the gulf of guinea with some heavy downpours expected here certainly for both lagos in nigeria and ghana we could see some heavy showers with temperatures of around twenty nine. where were you when this idea popped into it when they're on line it's undoubtedly chief called. over to an inequality in our society today or if you join us on sat criminal justice system is dysfunctional right now this is a dialogue what does it feel like to go back for the first time everyone has a voice and allow refugees to be the speakers for change join the conversation on our the i.m.f. said riyadh's breakeven oil price twenty eighteen is likely to be around eighty eight dollars a barrel why is argentina again turning to the i.m.f.
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for help now we bring you the stories that are shaping the economic world we live in counting the cost on al-jazeera. european leaders get ready to meet to try to find a solution to the refugee crisis but they are wide divisions on the issue. with tons of people on board is allowed to dock and almost a week at sea. i'm jane duff and this is al jazeera live from was a coming up china says it won't give up even an inch of its territory in the pacific as the u.s. defense secretary meets president xi jinping in beijing.

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