tv Inside Story 2018 Ep 180 Al Jazeera June 30, 2018 2:32pm-3:01pm +03
assault force the palestinians onto the defensive. they were no longer able to mount an effective resupply of their besieged refugee camps and the christians. the camps principle among which was tell a saturday were overrun and the residents expelled or massacred. two arab summits were quickly convened they established what became known as the out of deterrent forces made up principally of the same syrian forces that had entered lebanon with only token representation from several
other arab states syria had prevailed that fellow at the it had. been president assad's view was that syria and its ability to achieve strategic parity with israel had to be supported by two strong wings a lebanese wing and a palestinian wing that is if syria was to have influence on the political scene it had to become the sole legitimate representative of syria lebanon and the
palestinians while lebanon was in the throes of conflict on another front there were moves towards peace. in one thousand nine hundred eighty seven egyptian president anwar sadat a longstanding ally of out of fat made a groundbreaking visit to israel to sue for peace in exchange for land artifact was done but i'd have thought had been making his own peace moves his representative in london cited how many had been promoting the palestinian vision of
a two state solution at the artifacts behest. of. arafat's and the palestinian leadership were convinced that the most important thing was achieving palestinian aspirations not the method employed to achieve them and if the method to achieve them was a civilized and peaceful one then that would be better than a violent one. i fought in the p.l.o. leadership firmly believe this. out of. chairman arafat's knew very
well that the one nine hundred seventy three war demonstrated the limits of collective action and what the international community could accept that forward the leadership of fact that was convinced that the palestinians could never achieve anything more than a state always done the lands occupied the nine hundred sixty seven. but some palestinians took a very different view palestinian guerrilla leader abu nidal believed the two state solution was tantamount to capitulation he split from the p.l.o. and formed his own group calling it the revolutionary council and based in baghdad . the iraqi regime once again hostile to artifacts leadership of the p.l.o. provided backing to abu nidal splinter. in january of one nine hundred seventy eight gunmen loyal to abu nidal assassinated site hamami at the p.l.o. office and. it was to be the first of many killings of federal palestinians that
a little area. despite its talk of a two state solution the mainstream thought a hundred artifacts did not relinquish its arms struggle in march one thousand seven hundred eight a fetter unit led by a female commando element to be commandeered an israeli bus near the city of haifa . in the ensuing firefight thirty six israelis were killed. israel responded by invading southern lebanon and setting up what it termed as a security zone to drive p.l.o. forces out of rocketry which. almost a year later israel struck a massive blow against the p.l.o. by assassinating a. cylon he was in charge of artifacts personal security. over the years he had been developing contacts with the cia and was seen as a point man for interaction with the air. that we had through the cia some kind of aaliyah's honored russian ship without
a house and salama. and that had to do ostensibly with security issues. and it worked embassy was never attacked in those days. now people still argue whether that relationship led to our house and sama becoming an agent of the cia or not. i personally think that he did it but i can't prove it i was in government during that period and we were in fact receiving remarkably sensitive intelligence from inside the p.l.o. at the highest levels and i if it wasn't our house and saw it was somebody very much like him. i felt could do little to parry such blows being delivered by it but it was a different matter went up on a dog resumed his assassination a fact that representatives of broke. into nine hundred seventy eight from his base in baghdad abu nidal ordered the killing of us bureau chief. for the explicitly
accused iraqi intelligence of complicity in the s.s. . two months later the abu nidal group killed the hispanics representative. retaliated by attacking the iraqi embassy in paris and targeting iraqi diplomats in london paris and karate. abu nidal struck yet again on june first one nine hundred eighty one killing the p.l.o. brussels representative but only does most significant operation was to come pick a year later. on june third one nine hundred eighty two and other than the doll gunmen opened fire on israel's ambassador to london critically wounded. israel responded by launching the military operation more massive than its nineteen seventy three war effort against the combined forces of egypt and syria. and nine hundred eighty two israeli invasion of lebanon had been an open secret for some time the lebanon israel border had been
a constant point of tension as palestinians and israelis dreda drugget and artillery fire and a fact had realized that it was only a matter of time before israel launched an all out attack to go ahead. the man who at our i fought was the only one who believed that an israeli invasion which would reach beirut was inevitable he complied appeal always military counsel and a friend a committee headed by the p.l.o. his chief of staff started to plan the defense of beirut. many palestinians expected a repeat of the one nine hundred seventy eight invasion and assault with limited objects. said that many there yeah. the belief was that the israeli operation would not extend beyond forty kilometers from the international border this effected palestinian preparations for the
invasion as well as syrian and lebanese preparations therefore resistance to the invasion in southern lebanon was ineffective. on june sixth month after two days of airstrikes israel its land invasion of lebanon. with the exception of stiff resistance put up by the defenders of the palestinian refugee camps in southern lebanon palestinian forces in general quickly collapsed commanders abandoned their fighters in the field and fled for safety artifact was living. in the edge out of it was incredulous kept on saying in all possible he couldn't believe the israelis were advancing so far so quickly he ordered a stiff resistance later on i learned that he was very angry that there was no real resistance such as i want to have sort of the the operational headquarters in the south seriously mess calculated the commanders believed that all was lost and left
i went to arafat's headquarters in beirut and told him what happened he became agitated and started swearing. syrian forces in lebanon were drawn into the fighting an epic three day air battle left the syrian air force virtually decimated . unable to sustain such losses. syria agreed a ceasefire with israel within the first week of the invasion the palestinians were now left on their own. a bomb lot of man my magill half a cut and out if i did not just accept that the syrians had been defeated he made it seem like the shooter as didn't fight the whole but the syrians did fight in the back a valley and the mountains around beirut and lost lots of men and equipment but they fought to defend themselves and love the palestinians the syrian army had not orders the check that is raid advance of the israelis had left the syrians alone. by now the israelis had arrived at the gates of the lebanese capital but the closer they do to beirut the tougher the fighting became they fought and they fought very
brave. very brave and the siege of beirut had begun. the p.l.o. was encircled some palestinian leaders advised the p.l.o. should surrender but i found had other ideas the audition. and the jury had got out alive. at one early meeting the leader of the p.f. lp general command homage agreeable suggested excepting israeli towns of withdrawal under the banner of the red cross this hour i mean red cross provided over all i've had said he would say a prayer to help them arrive at the decision and he went away and returned and said i sense the winds of heaven blowing god has ordered me to fight. the winds of heaven as i described them meant holding out for better conditions in a bid to raise more out out a fact and his office feels toward the streets of the besieged lebanese capital. massive israeli bombardment caused civilian casualties but also strengthened the
palestinians resolve. finally in august after two months of siege and bombardment u.s. envoy philip petty been announced that an agreement had been. their dream and gave safe passage for the p.l.o. fighters to leave lebanon on the understanding that israeli forces would not enter west bank. the evacuation of the p.l.o. marked the end of an era. after more than ten years in the oven on the p.l.o. all was finally made. it was a dramatic moment. for the fighters. for the lebanese. and for the palestinian refugees left behind. most p.l.o. leaders left to damascus. but out of fact signaling his displeasure with syria
charles de gaulle tickets. within days of the departure of the last palestinian fighters lebanese president elect bashir gemayel was assassinated. breaking the american brokered agreement israeli forces moved into west beirut under the pretext of keeping the peace. is really is accused the p.l.o. of leaving two thousand of its fighters in beirut's refugee camps the charge was a fabrication. the israelis quickly encircled the refugee camps and brought in their allies from the christine lebanese forces militia. on september sixteenth one thousand nine hundred two dozens of lebanese forces militia men entered the some branch of the refugee camps. we knew of course that the israeli had surrounded the camp and we also knew that in the night that flares was there that the campus was lighted up we saw it from from distance and after i remembered that night it
was very strange it was so quiet it was like a ghost town and we didn't realize that inside this ghost town was the killing and the shooting. under the watchful eyes of there is really analyze the lebanese militiamen embarked on one of the most horrific massacres of modern times. skies were lit by israeli flares as the militia men continued their ugly work. and then we stopped it came in the same way and we saw the bodies and i went around with my tape recorder i had no crew and had no television crew in the beginning to count bodies throwing up throwing up counting bodies. like that this hunger. at your house and then five years. and then more bodies were found out was there in las. women killed
children killed and we also saw that had used all those years to to take the rap is over that that bodies we couldn't believe our eyes. by the time it was finished the subbranch at the last week or had claimed the lives of some eight hundred palestinian and lebanese civilians. the israelis set up a tribunal to investigate the massacre. in its final report the kahan commission found that israeli defense minister ariel sharon bore personal responsibility for the massacre of. the p.l.o. in exile and no longer the force it once was could only launch impotently stripped of his base in lebanon out of fact was in the political wilderness. israel and its
american benefactors had the stablished a foothold in lebanon one that syria backed by the soviet union sought to overthrow in the eyes of damascus the much weakened p.l.o. was ripe for the taking and the defeat of the acid artifact was of no political consequence but for the master of palestinian politics who had just emerged from doing battle with the israelis the fight for survival was about to enter a new and bloodier phase. expelled from their base in jordan in lebanon and left in a little. rebellion this rise in the rain solution alone but was this just another inevitable step on the road to this is a this long story just for the conflict the cost on assad his leadership in life. chronicling the tribune story the struggle for constantine a. history of
a revolution on al-jazeera. african heads of state and government will gather in mauritania with a thirty post assembly of the african union ongoing conflicts in the fight against corruption will take center stage al-jazeera will bring you extensive coverage of the summit and its outcomes the african union summit on al-jazeera. on counting the cost the european union is trying to change we'll look at the reasons why the economic cost of violence in mexico plus the timber companies accused of endangering the world's second largest rainforest. counting the cost on our visit. every year in pakistan hundreds of women are victims of so-called honor killing one on one east searches for the truth in a case that exposes the growing clash between old beliefs and modern life on al-jazeera.
al-jazeera. that's. where ever you. you're watching al-jazeera i'm so robin and these are all top news stories more than one hundred refugees and migrants are missing feared drowned after their boat capsized off libya's west coast the bodies of three young children have been recovered at least sixteen people survived their boat sinking came just hours after
e.u. leaders reached a deal to curb the number of migrants trying to reach europe. but then inside of there were one hundred twenty people on board on their way the front part broke a wooden piece pierced it and then the boat started sinking and the water started to rise everyone died women children elderly people mean all of them died. and first over surprised with this boat because i was told it was eight meters and could hold twenty people when i tried to leave they beat me. up like i was forced to get on board families with children were miserable conditions it was full of about one hundred twenty to one hundred fifty people it was very crowded and the conductor could not even see in front of them a spanish rescue ships as it was told by italian officials to let the libyan coast guard respond to a distress call from the boat ibrahim yunus is the head of mission for doctors without borders in libya and the mediterranean he works on rescue ships and his
note is the italian coast guard is increasingly diverting responsibility to libya. normally we call is the. best call. from and italian m.r.c. . authorities and when we reach the target that we know assigned to us. most likely to tell us only struct us to stand by cause a guard arrive at the scene and sometimes we wait for hours basically a transfer for responsibility to the libyan coast guard. we know that sometimes they will be on course guard don't have the necessary equipment like life jackets so on but it was raised in danger a lot of people for sure. the free syrian army says a temporary ceasefire is in effect in southern syria the truce comes as the un refugee agency says the number of displaced people there has tripled to one hundred sixty thousand in the past five days it follows intense fighting in daraa in
a ten day offensive by government and russian forces now the area is meant to be part of a deescalation so negotiated by the u.s. and russia turkey's foreign minister says the two countries have a responsibility to end the fighting with the united states and russia have reached an agreement regarding this area and syria they reached an agreement for deescalation zones and according to the deal opposition forces would be deployed on one side while syrian regime forces would be on the other but the syrian regime forces launched an attack on the other side so who made this agreement with the united states and russia they both have responsibility and this needs to stop a cease fire deal to end south sudan's for a half year civil war has come into force president salva kiir rebel leader right michel signed the agreement on wednesday it calls for the forming of a transitional government within four months. also at least two soldiers and a civilian have been killed in an attack on
a military base in central mali the compound houses the headquarters of the g. five task force made up of soldiers from mali the key to fast so chad and mauritania. rescue teams have held evacuation and medical drills the search for a young football team went into its seventh day there's been no contact with the twelve boys and their coach since they went missing in a cave that later flooded and hundreds of people have gathered in the u.s. state of maryland to remember the victims of the shooting at a newspaper office the thirty eight year old suspect has appeared in court facing five counts of murder police say he had a vendetta against the paper and its journalists. u.s. carmakers general motors are warning that trade tariffs on imported vehicles could lead to the isolation of american businesses from the global market g.m. has told the u.s. commerce department that terrorists could force the company to downsize putting thousands of jobs at risk that contrasts with the trumpet ministrations argument
you know that is h.h. . we're having jim mense said we should come to the church and we will bring a magnet to close their eyes to three. but they never said that last image was the moment they close their eyes they were all shocked in that church. even if i pray had them close my eyes. they brought the christan he did they brought all this just. but today they also have the lent.
there are people who are very very plot people they he they are mostly cantle and that this way you will never see how i am for the rest. ok. my name is. s. that when young great. and i'm always telling people that it's come one that you found people having two to three names the african name or traditional name and then the so called christian name now it is also the christian name is mostly linked to colonialism because that then when the missionaries came to africa. they also introduced christianity and with just the end it it was now but distant for the small babies so people who the parents would take the
babies to the least to baptize them in they will say he's made child my baby the name of my baby is sure and then the police will say but kili give this the child in the name that you know that i can pronounce. the hit that them have meek look they wait this mate it symbolizes the haunts of the kettle kaitlin limits are very. malleable assets to the head of our nation has. the.
a time of religious. elders when they wake up they need to hold fire. and at the holy fire. they then connect with this but it's influences us and i will insist less than texas. and against all kinds in real i'll bet luck. and. even rain really be paid to. do better with all kinds. like when the painting for serious negotiations. with the germans in the florida was. the germans must come out and in th language state that they they accept that what has happened to us is genocide that they apologize for
the genocide and that the ad refused to sit down with us and discuss the question of the politicians and that it leaves the in principle ready to pay as it punishes yes government can be there at the conference table as well we don't deny them the up nice part we are the people to negotiate on our one on behalf of our people in usa they need to express themselves on these before the second of october this year why the second of october that would be the hundred eleventh and vist of that infamous order of generals until. and they say we have we just long enough hundred eleven years is a long period in our patience on it.