how enthusiastic people. considering the vote was so close yes the last time the program was security mainly people who are more enthusiast take money has a bad history in terms of turnout for elections anyway and that was compounded recently by the security problems in the north armed groups threatened that they would disrupt the vote they did it in many places three percent three percent of the twenty three thousand polling stations did not function at all no voting took place there as you mentioned and also about fifty of the polling centers where the subject in various degrees so that was a hindrance during the last the first round now there is the problem of the problem of lack of enthusiasm on the part of the supporters of some of those twenty three other candidates who lost the first round many of them and we doubt whether they
will even turn up to vote they don't like to vote for president the prime pocket or many have refused to support so why they say the opposition leader who made a clear call to his colleagues saying we have to create a democratic front against the president but some of them even number three and number four in there in the order of winners in the first round they have categorically refused that and they said i'm not going to vote for you if my supporters want to vote for you i'm not going to prevent them so that's that's that adds to the problem of turnout and the problem as we see as and today it's also a rainy day by the way and sometimes in this access to public stations people don't want to lose you know undergo the rain and the harsh conditions to go on and vote but we'll see what happens today versus indeed of course we'll follow events with you from bombing in bali nine hundred dollar reports thank you. government protesters have been rallying for a second day in romania after more than four hundred demonstrators were injured in
violence with police on friday thousands of people have gathered in the capital bucharest against the ruling social democrat so many of them were remaining experts who returned home to protest against corruption volunteer there were school is a project coordinator at the remaining academic society she says for the ruling party the issue of corruption is politically complicated the complication has followed the fact that the government sees itself as the role of government but actually the subtle democrat war didn't sounds as actually the. ethnic russian campaign which started in two thousand and five. following this is. the relationship between arabs and the antiquities and the same as one of the only reasons.
they're saying that going once. more the abuse is a rather silly. and also arguing that the ones who. made the legislation to be in line with the european commission were there or. where it's. not over. the months of. well still ahead here on ars as they were displaced by boko haram but now returning home despite the dangers. the wife supremacy is here and it's banned here for a long time. it's a little scarred by the violent protests that wrecked its reputation as america's biggest city.
hello the heat wave gone for the most part swept away well quite viciously a facade at least certainly scandinavia this streak of cloud here which is a cold front is getting rid of it more of it is given some decent rights and heavy rain in austria slovakia is running east was overnight and i think most of the daylight hours of sunday going fine fairly wet and windy weather i think will be a good phrase through sweden to denmark and back towards the british isles south of that not far south still warm twenty nine in paris the potential for big shasta exists in the alps not the roman valley media other that even that risk comes back row tommy get into monday madrid thirty five reflects continued warmth in spain and portugal same is true through italy much of eastern europe were hovering around the thirty mark and the sun is still the predominant type of weather as it is so out the magistrate i want to show has been showing up round subservient again but basically it's hot in fact showers in north africa are limited to algeria how being
the last few days curiously still all but if you jump south and so how are you still get big showers in the middle of chad and education lee says sudan ethiopia and further west and there have been some pretty big shots around recently there's no reason to suppose that shouldn't continue including in the air.
what about your watching i'll just their arms the whole round with a reminder of our top stories. are set to begin voting in a presidential runoff. president abraham katter won the first round with forty one percent of the vote but opposition candidate somalia accuses him of fraud israel's arab minority led a mass protest in tel aviv against the controversial nation state law it officially affirms israel's jewish character but critics believe it turned non jewish minorities into second class citizens thousands turned out to show their anger at the bill which was passed last month also anti-government protesters have been rallying for a second day maybe after more than four hundred were injured in violence and police
on friday are accusing the ruling social democrats of corruption. vs nightfall the winner of the two thousand and one nobel prize for literature has died at his home in london he was aged eighty five was born in rural trinidad and wrote dozens of books dealing with themes of migration and exile his books cast an unflinching look at the british colonial empire and its legacy his wife called him a giant in all that he achieved and tributes have been pouring in for nobile who inspired admiration and criticism in equal measure author salman rushdie tweeted saying we disagreed all our lives about politics about literature and i feel as sad as if i have just lost a beloved older brother. i met choudhry is an indian novelist a fellow of the royal society of literature and professor of contemporary literature at the university of east anglia in england but he joins me now for on
skype from calcutta good to have you whether sol or what is a very sad day i'm sure for you and for the literary literary world just briefly how should we the general public be remembering vs niall paul globally. i think we should remember him for what you did with what an exceptional writer he was in my opinion the greatest writer of english prose of the second half of the twentieth century and. remember him through two landmark books so various books are important but these two landmark books tell us a little bit above still need to show this achievement the first is a house for most of this what's now a lot of these phrases. that they did something new float like us to follow and so he's a he's extremely important to other writers as well ok house for most of this work
is based on his childhood and his father's life in china debts and the way he writes about this is with. the exception of the sort of compression and artistry of. a short story later. or a nobel or a don't but manages to dream this all the five hundred metres can either just interrupt there mr choudary because i do want to interject because a lot to get through because obviously his writing as you say was very influential house of biswas of course it was influenced by his own upbringing you know he came from a family of indian indentured laborers his father was a journalist his father used to read to him his siblings were hugely influential how was that make up influential in the way that he wrote and in the books that came from that experience. i think the first thing about the house for mr biswas and it is as i was saying. the language itself the technique it's it takes you away
from just the subject matter to the question of how is this man doing it how was he managing to this extremely visual image a stick and censure spoke about this particular kind of subject where the book should be heavy with scene heavy with subject matter you see it's magic to create something like don't like as surprising as it were true language and managing to do it where others were would do it over one hundred pages in a nutshell of that kind of concentration of and imagery is managing to do it over five hundred feet if that was location if that was the case sort of his balance or some might say in balance about being uprooted from his homeland and living through colonialism molded the way that he looked at the world and how sort of communities changed and adapted to a changing political and social environment he wasn't afraid of you might say stating the obvious and upsetting the status quo yet he wasn't
he wasn't afraid he was unafraid to be eccentric and offensive because. some of his views are disagreeable i certainly don't agree with them. but it's interesting how he was compared to express these views and work. through them work them out i mean what is interesting about nightfall is the time and pressure and seriousness and even going to torturing. honesty with which you work so these very unpleasant thoughts these thoughts must have been unpleasant to them as well but i don't want i want this to be remembered the fact that he was just honest enough to shore up the more more unpleasant bits of this thought process and with that out there and work through that but i also want him to be remembered as a man who skipped
a bit of great joy in his writing is writing in a house from this to this was the great joy but also he was an exceptional writer about writing itself to what what it meant to be a writer and what it meant to write novels and you know he's exceptional he's an exceptionally reflexive writer and this is what the second landmark book i was telling you about that in the book or over this is where it is so important it inhabits this younger of between the novel and see where the novel is beginning to think about it so what it is doing and they're hard to write about are there for him as a child we have to leave it we know that we're going to get many tributes to vs naipaul through the day we really appreciate your thoughts on his passing away i'm a charity they're joining us from calcutta and he faces protesters have marched through the streets of charlottesville a year after the violence that killed one person at this time the demonstration was peaceful amid a heavy police presence last year president top refused to speak out against the white supremacists but on saturday he tweeted he condemned all forms of racism.
more ellie's are expected on sunday white supremacists will gather outside the white house police say they'll keep them apart from counter-demonstrations john hendren has this report from washington d.c. . half the year ago to the day liberal might met the old right now police in washington d.c. want to keep history from repeating itself. on the anniversary of the deadly white supremacist rally in charlottesville virginia that left a counter demonstrator dead when a car drove into a crowd as many as four hundred white supremacist marchers prepare to converge on lafayette square in front of the white house so do more than a thousand left wing marchers who call themselves anti folk or anti fascist jason kesler who organized that unite the right march is leading this one day that you hear around you that is a anti-white. leaving many here fearing another round of violent confrontation
i think soft and serious could happen i think something terrible would happen let me just say i. should shot israel kessler's charlottesville ally richard spencer is not expected in washington though his ideas are. yes i mean america story please undoubtedly a white country were headed in a very different direction what we're saying rings true what we're saying cuts right to the heart of the matter and that's why people are attracted to us that's why we're growing hundreds of city and u.s. park service police will line the streets with one simple goal well to make sure be to make sure that nobody is insured and nothing gets broken barricades will play a key role police say they've learned lessons from charlottesville and their main goal will be to keep the two groups apart even as they converge by the hundreds in this relatively small space it's a colossal task counter-demonstrators are already filling the streets i think it's
an absolute affront to human decency to be allowed on these nazis and white supremacists on it's a calm here and march in front of the white house on this somber anniversary a police force with perhaps more experience than any in the world in handling protests tries to allow the march but not the mayhem john hendren al-jazeera washington. in peru hundreds of protesters in the capital lima have been demanding gender equality and reform to the judiciary the demonstrators say the judicial system ignores the high level of violence against women seven out of ten women in peru have suffered some sort of physical or psychological abuse as of twenty sixteen rights groups want politicians to discuss these issues in congress. the thousands of people displaced by boko her arm in northeastern nigeria are returning home despite reports of new attacks more than thirty thousand left the relative safety of camps in maida curie to start rebuilding their lives but as ever it just
reports they don't want to take the risk. they set off on a two hundred eighty kilometer journey home most of them are going to their town for the first time since ball over on it five years ago the destruction that greeted them was unimaginable yet most are glad they're home nigeria's government says four hundred thousand homes were destroyed in borno state alone over nine years about one hundred thousand have been rebuilt despite the huge challenges in the process of constructing it we experience. back does it one the second difficult didn't we base. it on what is in the building materials which is also another problem another issue is deplorably you know skill level too added to that is a lack of money while some displaced persons have returned home thousands more i mean in camps like this they say it's still on safe to go back to be religious
despite assurances from the security forces their worry now is whether or not they will continue to receive help in the camps. many of the people here in my degree say they would rather remain in relative safety of the city but risk attacks by boko haram fighters and one my thumb there is no adequate security there no schools or shelter that's why we've not gone back. but for some communities the road to recovery is a bit smaller. file not a lady whose husband was killed by boko haram got her to my house now to later on we are grateful that we have a reef a go ahead but it's been quite a struggle living without him there's no want to help us out have religion was rebuilt from scratch it now has a water supply civil authority and a few soldiers more importantly the local school is up and running people here say
the school is a symbol of defiance to book or arm whose ideology opposes western education and influences how to dress al-jazeera know these nigeria. germany's chancellor says no members of the european union can avoid the challenge of migration anglo-american lawyers on day two of her visit to spain she's holding bilateral talks with prime minister petro sanchez migrant deal between the two countries came into effect on saturday now it allows germany to return certain migrants to spain markets also seeking agreements with greece and italy. live now and nasser is trying to do well and will launch a spacecraft today for the second time that live life closer to the sun than any other previous space mission its hopes the parker solar probe will collect data from inside. the satellite is designed to brave extremes temperatures of over
a thousand degrees speeds seven hundred thousand kilometers per hour and the mission will last seven years that is cape canaveral in the middle of the night let's listen in to what nasa has to say that it's all a lot that rocket. wench . ten nine miners or star eight seven six five feet three two one zero and liftoff of the mighty delta four heavy rocket with nasa's farter solar probe a daring mission to shed light on the mysteries of our closest star the sun. pretty
much in the fight for the good of all truth. for. probably a counterpart brought a note. of a happy tale to four rockets taking off from cape canaveral in fact to break free from the earth's influence of course fifty times fifty five times more energy than the voyage to miles it will arrive. at the sun several days time where they hope to get more details about the inner workings of the corona and the power of. the big yellow thing in the sky. although it all into.
the largest multi-sport event on the continent and the second largest in the world the asian gangs will host thousands of athletes competing across a mix of traditional and a limp explorers follow us for the news and updates from jakarta the hosting city of the eighteenth asian games on al-jazeera. relations between the u.s. and turkey crisis point donald trump imposes fake tariffs on ankara and turkish president and the one who warns of the consequences of such actions. well ties between the countries deteriorate even further or can they be contained this is inside story.
hello and welcome to the program how about that hamid tension is growing between the u.s. and turkey on friday u.s. president donald trump announce he is doubling tariffs on turkish minium turkey warned it would be retaliated against a u.s. move they are fears the dispute could hurt turkey's economy more the turkish lira has hit record lows against the dollar in recent days the row is related to did that then sion of u.s. pastor andrew bronson on terror related charges in turkey but the differences between the two nato allies have been widening over a number of issues kimberly hackett reports from washington. it was just the beginning an unsuccessful twenty sixteen kill against turkish president recha tie up to one and when the u.s. refused to extradite the cleric for tula glenn accused by ankara of leading the attempted overthrow and who resides in the united states things got even worse this
is the worst crisis and us turkish relations since the us congress imposed a total arms embargo on turkey right in the at the height of the cold war. on friday u.s. president donald trump tweeted that he was doubling steel and aluminum tariffs on turkey saying our relations with turkey are not good at this time the latest move comes during a diplomatic route over this man an american pastor named andrew bronson he was accused of spying for the united states arrested and jailed in the aftermath of the twenty sixteen coup the u.s. denies the charges defended by even jellicoe christians like vice president mike pence pastor andrew bronson is an innocent man. there is no credible evidence against him after july nato meeting trump thought he had a deal to secure brunson's release instead brunson was placed under house arrest while his trial continued outraging trump the u.s.
responded leveling sanctions against the turkish interior and justice minister the dispute over the pastor is just part of an escalating feud between trump and. last year americans were outraged as heir to one watch from his embassy in washington or his security detail be peaceful protesters would later sanction by american authorities u.s. support for kurdish fighters in the battle against iceland syria particularly the group known as the y p g has also deeply upset the turks who consider the y p g a terrorist organization the dispute has sent turkey's leader up plummeting losing a third of its value this year president trogs tariffs against turkey only adds to an ongoing trade war with allies like the european union and trading partners like china in two weeks the us will tariff even more chinese goods it is an ass collating trade war now with
a new front given the us and turkish leaders both have a reputation for not backing down kimberly health at al-jazeera washington. turkish president has written an opinion piece in the new york times warning that the u.s. must respect turkey's sovereignty or their partnership could be in jeopardy he said at a time when evil continues to nerk around the world unilateral actions against turkey by the united states are of decades will only serve to undermine american interests and security. before it is too late washington must give up the misguided notion that our relationship can be as symmetrical and come to terms with the fact that turkey has altoona divs failure to reverse this trend of unilateralism and disrespect will require us to start looking for new friends and allies so let's
bring our guests now joining us from rally in north carolina is robert pierson former u.s. ambassador to turkey in ankara routine at them and their rector of foreign policy research a defunct asian for political economic and social research also known as sita and from new york by skype emitter beside the sea oh and co-founder of foreign policy interrupted an organization to increase female voices in the media was a focus on foreign policy coverage thank you all for joining us robert pierson let me start with you. pastor bronson was actually detained twenty months twenty one months ago in after mass of the failed coup why is that an issue now. it's been an issue since then there is absolutely no evidence whatsoever that's credible if you read the text of the testimony against him it is absolutely not
believable he's supposed to be cooperating with terrorist and at the same time he's supposed to be cooperating with mr arrogance closest political ally for ten years so there is a solution to this problem if i may say so it's very straightforward mr bronson should be allowed to return to the united states for medical care and the charges can be left as they are but mr bronson can go home with his family and to his family and secondly on the economic side two simple steps are required one mr ibaraki can work with the group he described his press conference yesterday to announce a new reform program for the turkish economy based on turkey's own principles and one would be to use interest rates temporarily to re firm the lehrer's value and secondly to undertake a thorough reform of the turkish economy along principles that would help turkey be
more competitive in the international arena and that would allow both countries to then turn to the issues that are in front of them without having to end up this process by pointing the other by making the other one responsible for the damage so i hope that they'll consider these three steps because they could easily end this issue and we could go on to the more serious strategic issues that face us so. there is also a second u.s. citizen who is detained in turkey he's a dual national turkey to kish american ease and scientists but we hear nothing about him so is there more really than just the fate of pastor branson that is at stake here yeah i mean we haven't heard. the trumpet ministration talk about sarah connor who is the nasa scientist as you said it's all turkish and american citizens
let's put this into perspective you know and throughout the twentieth century the united states and turkey had very much a a relationship based on geopolitics where it was on a wide perspective and they looked at what is going to benefit both countries what you've seen over the past two weeks flare up precisely between tromp an error once the individuals and cells is two individuals who are teaching cheap political shots domestic points the the the plane for releasing it into bronze and was really it's really up to the form to appeal to donald trump's conservative christian base here in the united states and it's precisely what we don't hear not only about the nasa scientists but we also don't hear about the three turkish nationals that are being held the three turkish nationals that have been working at u.s. consulates throughout to ricky and are being held on the scene charges the wrong
brunson has been. detained not so you think that the release of pastor bronson could play in the midterm elections. you know i definitely think that i don't think of the trumpet ministration as thinking that widely i think that any school any political points that they can score i think right now you have to also take a look at trump on the world stage mean he really took a lot of flak for his appearance with a lot of your in helsinki and the way that he deflected. you know the notion that russia could have hacked in on our of the american elections and you even saw his his traditional base push back on him i think trump was feeling a little fragile on the world stage his performance at the nato summit last month did not go well it certainly did not go well when he went to canada for the g.
seven summit and so i think what he's looking for is easy political points and you know meeting with kim jong un you know back in may certainly was a point to do that and i think trying to antagonize turkey which is a majority muslim country does play into his base. move it in that amount from the american point of view there was a request from president to release a turkish national who was detained in the u.s. and he was released and according to some reports also there was another turkish national who was detained in israel who was also released so what happened there why is there is this blockage on pastor brunson. well. first of all i don't think the pastor bronson issue is. one of the main reasons for this tense relations between the two countries to me it's more
it's much more a result of other issues other vital issues especially for the turkish side you know when you look at the last several years we have been witnessing that the united states administration has been supporting two main terrorist organizations namely p k k and its affiliated organizations in northern syria and the fed which is widely believed that was behind the failed quit time two years ago and both actors are heavily supported by the united states so the timing of the branston issue is to me. is about american domestic issues it's not directly about turkish american relations so it's not a big issue for the two countries when it comes to releasing some and not releasing some others we see that you know thousands of pages of credible kling's have been
sent to the united states to extradite the leader of the defector organization the federal argue len which is a who is hosted in pennsylvania but the united states remains reluctant all these all these demands from the turkish side so when. we see that the tramp and some of his men they have been they began to use attracting insulting and on fortunately unilateral aggressive language towards the the turkish administration which created the consulate asian of a kind of nash. unity against the united states and it would hardly anti-americanism in turkey you know just yesterday and today the leader of the leaders of the opposition party even. made some declarations some
explanations against trump tweets and this unilateral and aggressive language policy discourse from the american side so unfortunately we just try to mask the real issues by considering this bronson issue as one of the main focal points between the two countries so. can you not read united since the american side has been hijacking the issue unfortunately i well robert pearson i'd like to know if you think that the united states have been hijacking the issue but first you know the world unilateralist is something that president erda one wrote in his opinion piece is something that other world leaders have complained about the current us administration is this something that is actually
playing in favor of do you as or do you think it's in ating old allies and friends around the world. i think that mr trump is a very aggressive president and he's taken very aggressive steps i don't think this problem is a global problem at all i think that this problem is bounded and i two or three things that are very important the united states has always condemn the p.k. k. and always work with turkey including intelligence cooperation against the p.k. k. the united states has never ever supported the p.k. k. when the when isis invaded syria it attacked the kurds the kurds did not attack isis and when the kurds asked for help turkey declined the us agreed to help and now isis has been largely defeated secondly this is actually about the relationship for years turkey has used the most abusive language about the united
states and about its about its leaders president obama was accused of direct knowledge of the attempted coup in two thousand and sixteen the government in turkey has used the most abusive language against the united states and i think it's the united states that deserves a little respect here this is a bounded problem it can be solved it doesn't need to escalate beyond this and turkey and the united states have a lot of common interest in that region they could cooperate on if we can move past this point and a lot of that the fans upon the turkish willingness to put its economic common sense and its political flexibility ahead of nationalism. it does feel that. if you look at events over the past twelve months and even before that that was sort of rocks in that sort of tit for tat relationship between kara and washington
you have as you said earlier it is too strong man and you get an idea that for both sides it's important to show that their opinion will prevail and it's also important portend for the stature of turkey in the region the u.s. in the rest of the world you know i mean i think what we need to acknowledge right now is that the u.s. turkey relationship is not the relationship that they had dropped a twenty eighth century yesterday was an important ally turkey continues to be a member of need now turkey actually the turkish military is the second largest armed forces pulling me down a though there is a new nato command that's going to be put into place in two years that will be under turkish command in turkey were proved by the united states and the circus be without its role as a nato airport at kabul so there are a number of areas where we already cooperate and i think that those things don't get the attention they should and they're wider interest with russia and iran and
iraq that the u.s. and turkey where they could easily car i mean on the basis of their will to do so either interest in the middle east the point that i was that i was making is that you know turkey is not only i mean a member but turkey has scenes turkey is not a backwater anymore turkey's economies grow and it is a number of the g twenty if you know it when you actually take a look at the relationship between turkey and not it's the snipers for a century turkey depended on u.s. aid to property economy that is no longer true the largest trading partner that turkey has today is the european union that trade is worth eighty four point seven billion dollars with the united states it's only nine dollars and if you're actually keeping a look at what we're turkey's interests lie. why is much more are we not only you got countries that have been pouring a lot of investments and business into turkey i totally agree that the united
states and the mutually need other turkey is in a very rough neighborhood it's in the backyard of russia if borders syria iran and iraq and i have to say here that the united states actually should really can reconsider what its policy and its strategy towards turkey yes right now i don't see the trumpet ministration having a coherent strategy not only to turkey but to the meet middle east in general we don't really know what the end goals are what what the trumpet ministration wants coming out out of syria or iran i mean we know that the top of ministration has has next the iran nuclear deal but what is going to replace that and i think that the united states can't continue the policies that it had when it was the sole superpower of the twentieth century so looting as we don't know the end goal of the trump administration what is the end goal of turkey in this specific case i mean
this crisis comes at a time where the economy is not doing very good the turkish lira has gone down a day can quite a rough beating inflation is up so at the sort of point it could play into that has a president eto and he could turn around and say to those complaining about the poor economy well it's all because we have foreign countries and meddling in our own affairs so what's the endgame here for turkey. unfortunately state and establish they all are accustomed to similar economic problems. so this is not the first economic crisis that turkey has been facing so before us yes that's true turkish economy nobody is quite vulnerable and the turkish political system. and the country is is quite stable so here we have a strong political leadership but a vulnerable economy and unfortunately when it comes to the latest issues for
instance yesterday's trump tweet was a direct. intervention or economy intervention for political purposes so the problem is not really economy when it comes to the church american relations we know that trump trust has been trying to instrumental eyes economy develop economy relations for political purposes so the end game for turkey the majority of turkish people think that yes no it is the turkish state is in a trance eatery period turkey is political and domestic struggle domestic structure has been restructured redefined so they will remain intact behind the leadership of the one this is my expectation and the leader of your
party meddle action at the leader of the c.h.p. the main opposition party they all meet explanations and they all blamed that from administration for the latest economic intervention so at the end yes turkey will face some problems and this crisis to me will force turkey to look for. some alternatives to increase its cooperation with china for instance with russia and with some other global and regional actors but. unfortunately it. didn't deter people the intellectuals politicians even the ordinary man on the street they all explained that we did not forget what one of the allies one of the turkish. has been trying to do against the church.
economy system ok so let me bring you robert pearson as only jeanne was saying turkey has been a nato ally for six decades one gets a feeling that the world order as we have known it so far is shifting isn't there a risk by alan ating. key and president emerita one who is also a strong willed man that you will see turkey move more eastward still would russia china iran i mean for even a few days you will have a visit of the russian foreign minister sergey lavrov to ankara iran said that it will support you can help its neighbor as much as it can isn't that a risk for washington. there is a risk in international affairs in all relationships with countries and since the end of the cold war countries have begun to act more independently and turkey has been on an independent track now for at least a decade so there isn't anything new about the strategic orientation of turkey
trying to find its own place in the world and separating itself a bit from the united states and from the european union as well but i think that the point that's really important to keep in mind here is there are two ways people look at problem one is it's a game they want to know what this guy's doing and that guy's doing in this than that and the other way to look at it. it is to think about the strategic interest the us has no interest in a weak turkish economy turkey has run a trade deficit since nineteen stints the one nine hundred seventy s. and in the last ten years that trade deficit has widened under this government turkey desperately needs fundamental economic reform the cause of these incidents is slowly turkey's oppressed are without any evidence against him an economy that is descending into the pit without the reasonable measures that any country would
norden early take to save it so the us is ready to be a partner with turkey but we have to get past this point and i've suggested a solution that gets us past this point so we can get on to those more important issues and there are just a yes or no question if pastor branson is released tomorrow do you think things would come down it's very unlikely that pastor price will be released and i don't mean any church less regulations are are broken to a point where the repair is going to take a considerable amount of time thank you very much we have reached the end of this show so thanks to our guest robert pearson with getting at that man and a. better astley and thank you too for watching you can see the program again any time i was visiting our website al-jazeera dot com and for further discussion go to our facebook page that's facebook dot com forward slash a.j.
inside story you can also join the conversation on twitter our handle is at a.j. inside story from me how about that hemy the end of all t.v. and the hot bye for now. amidst a climate of violence and paranoia and. those still willing to dream. in honduras dennis seeks a brighter future for his son and community. using art to reclaim the city. and transform the very symbol of cost oppression. of you find in latin america liberating a prison on al-jazeera. august on al-jazeera european muslims today are facing the consequences of having their faith linked to
on the attacks even though day two of victims of the bonds the largest multi-sport event on the continent asian games in jakarta will host athletes competing in a mix of traditional and the limbic schools a vibrant new series of character led documentaries from immigrant neighborhoods across europe a series of reports about the state of the world's forests and what's being done to protect them in a three part series al-jazeera uncovers the motivations and impact of the brutal human explode taishan system then lay the foundation of today's global powers ogust on al-jazeera. a new village commit to naz been enacted and is grappling with the obvious tosca sustaining a community but the residents of this chinese village come groaning patient and have one concern inside. the reclamation of bad language democracy is complicated hard to live
a six part series don't die but five years we can do china's democracy experiment announces iraq. al-jazeera. where every. area. leaders from five countries bordering make us feel to see gathered by a charles to settle a two decade old dispute. hello example robert you're watching al-jazeera life the headquarters here. in there are coming up in the next thirty minutes tight security in mali as the polls open for sunday's presidential runoff. also
a show of unity thousands protest in tel aviv against israel's controversial nation state law. and how to zero as mahmoud is a box six hundred days in prison we look at the state of media freedom in egypt. welcome to the program after twenty two years of negotiations and agreement looks like it's about to be reached to settle a territorial dispute over the caspian sea the leaders of russia kazakstan iran turkmenistan and the by a child which will border the caspian sea are meeting in the port of act how they're expected to sign an agreement on the legal status of the caspian sea and how it'll be divided up now the caspian sea is landlocked which raises the question whether it's indeed a sea or a lake five countries share its coastline and that's led to the dispute over which
country lays claim over the caspian and how much if an agreement is reached to legally designate the caspian lake it would be divided up equally between the five nations so twenty percent each if it remains a sea the territory would be split between those countries according to how much coastline they share iran would therefore receive the smallest claim that's been the major sticking point in negotiations because the caspian lies above one of the world's largest collections of oil and gas some forty eight billion barrels of oil alone. that's the history rory challenge going to try to fathom and unlock all of this for us from moscow twenty years to agree the status rory of the sort of body of water a lake or at sea and of course is that mere definition that really matters so much that it. yeah of course and whether this is considered a lake or considered a sea matters differently to the different countries obviously if it's defined as
a lake and therefore the resources of the body of water split equally twenty percent among the five countries then that benefits those with the shortish the shortest coastlines the most but if it is classified as a sea and therefore the united nations convention on the law of the sea applies then that benefits those with the longest coastlines the most so this is been really the sticking point for many many years now and all indications point to this particular summit being the one in which the definition is finally settled we look like we're heading towards that it's taken a great amount of time and what this will do is probably facilitate the unlocking of the caspian sea full economic potential because it
means that all of these issues that have been holding back the extractive exploitation of the sea can finally there is be resolved and these countries can move on with their security concerns being settled and their energy concerns as well of course twenty years or twenty years a long time to negotiate something like this but of course there were other problems and does in the way the negotiations were normally between iran and the soviet union soviet union doesn't exist anymore. yeah well that was a thing like when the soviet union was around there were just two states who were doing the the negotiating and having their agreements or disagreements but following the collapse of the soviet union that fragmented of course into. a literal situation around the caspian sea where there were five countries doing the negotiating which basically mean this meant that it devolved into a bit of a mess so over the years there have been more than two decades worth of expert
level meetings there have been ten foreign minister level meetings and now i think we're going into the fifth presidential level of meetings presidential summits now they all have security concerns those are likely to be settled once and agreements a legal definition is made and they also all have energy concerns now if the full economic potential of the caspian sea is realized then there could be trillions of dollars worth of oil and gas accessible underneath this body of water and of course they can then start moving forward with pipeline construction as well now the u.s. government estimates that if all of the resources can be accessed and transported then this can add some twenty seven percent on to global natural gas production so
this is not just a regional issue this is an issue that if it is properly consolidated properly established is going to have impacts on global energy markets and therefore it's relevant to much of the world as well indeed will follow events through the day and come back to when things develop thank you. that africa now where people in mali have started voting in the country's presidential runoff president abraham were the first round with forty one percent of the vote and he's facing opposition leader somalia who trailed behind him in the first round the vote will take place amid fears of ethnic violence and accusations of election fraud but reports from the capital bamako. that is also the first round two weeks ago gave forty one percent of the vote while his main rival got close to eighteen percent was accused of fraud by opposition leaders regularly. to get
a low result in the election is indeed heartbreaking but you cannot accuse president being behind that figure it's the decision of the molly and people which reflects their judgement of you. meanwhile was repeating the claims. but was. once again i am asking for your vote so that together we can achieve the dream and the destiny that i have from ali i don't need to remind you of the grave in multiple illegalities of the first round which amount to political banditry they were a criminal breach of the law and of human dignity one day the reality will be clear to all and it will shame those who have dirty their hands with fraud and corruption . did borst of what he described as a major success in the first round his the first opposition candidate in the democratic history of money to take a sitting president to on of what his hopes of a united front by the other opposition parties have been partly dashed by the
refusal of many first round losing candidates to endorse him the government has also closed down a local radio station that supports sisi accusing it of inciting violence and hate speech she says supporters organize a rally on saturday to protest the alleged electoral violations and to warn against a repeat violence was reported in at least a fifth of the twenty three thousand polling stations on july twenty ninth no vote took place at all in three percent of those centers and four soldiers were killed in an ambush as their convoy carrying election material since then ethnic violence has worsened in the central region of mctee as dozens of herdsman have been killed by rival dons or hunters the e.u. . expressed concern over security and the modern government to gandhi and free and fair enough for the leaders their focus now is on the vote but for millions there was a desire to see the democracy does not fall victim to power struggles president is
trying to stay in power he has supporters and means but his opponents are preparing a fresh offensive and many are curious to see if mali is will for the first time manage to change their leaders through the ballot box. or dizzy. israel's palestinian minority led a mass protest in tel aviv against a controversial nation state law that officially affirms israel's jewish character but critics believe it turns non jewish minorities into second class citizens thousands turned out to show their anger at the bill which was passed last month it came in week out israel's cruz community also rallied against the law stephanie decker was at the protest in tel aviv. museum it's nice by israeli policy. for. the move there's
a. saying that they are not the direction. that the message is one of unity. because we don't need this of this and you know netanyahu. event isn't. isn't this is amazing this is. something and this is real there is a god. the people that really believe in democracy and equality we have and take democratic moves taking place. in many things in the towards gays towards women in the words secular and why is there and this is the fascist regime is turning into a fascist that is still not there but it's going in
a bad direction and we need to stop it as well as soon as we can. they're trying to . force the letter of the israeli prime minister benjamin netanyahu and there is a big question are are there whether they're. going to continue with this demand to becoming law are against their government to messrs the people to run the right thing or the right wind from. benyamin netanyahu is going to need to back the lower tweeting about the presence of palestinian flags on the rally there is no great a testament to the necessity of this law he will continue to wave the israeli flag and sing the national anthem with great pride. the u.n. delegation in gaza is there for meetings with hamas as part of an ongoing effort to deescalate tensions with israel funerals have been held for the three palestinians who were killed by israeli forces on friday it was the twentieth week of protests of the gaza israel border fence more than one hundred sixty four palestinians have
been killed by israeli forces since demonstrations first began in march the goals as a fisherman have also been demonstrating that demanding the israeli siege on the strip be lifted his chance traffic reports. with palestinian flags flying on their boats gaza's fischman protest against israel's blockade they gathered in the port before heading out to see what did you feel this protest is part of the demonstrations against the seas happening every week on the land border this is our peaceful activity that the whole world agrees with israel should know that this is a small geographical area but we insist on our freedom after twenty weeks of protests on the land border with israel the fishermen now say it's their turn and their plan is to take this but it's a lot of boats and sights along the coast towards the border with israel which is around ten kilometers north from here israel restricts gaza's fishermen from operating more than three nautical miles from the coast.