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tv   NEWSHOUR  Al Jazeera  August 24, 2018 9:00pm-10:01pm +03

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all that is left of the sugar war is a field. of the two hundred fifty sugar refinery is active in the late nineteenth century only to remain in operation. in two thousand and seventeen at all spent home in rap archeologists examine the remains of the sun shocked residents sugar refinery. a mill stock rooms and three rows of so-called negro huts where hundreds of slaves used to be confined. in this concentration camp like universe men was but one tool among others he was a mechanized emaciated body consumed by work until his last breath. both the
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time in which the slaves were digging the cane holes and the times in which their harvesting are really the peak of the labor on a plantation you could almost see the slaves wasting away when they were digging these cane holes because the work was so strenuous and they were getting fed so poorly. you found women in all of the gangs oftentimes doing the hardest dirtiest labor on the plantation alongside the men or even before the men and one of the things that means when you find young women doing this quite debilitating labor is the birth rates are very low and the mortality rates the infant mortality rate is shockingly high in the mid eighteenth century people talked about nine out of ten infants born to enslave jamaican women dying right within the first year. so there's no way in which the plantation can reproduce itself under those kinds of conditions. she said
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as though she's sick. to absolute amid displayed a broken image as well as we need to come a nexus one look at this up to do that this. dolly's of all the other he does she'll be nice to discover about this. shit they're human did goodies this woman if i join. with us in the us but. this is just that it boded most it doesn't look as mickey musial businesses don't get it at least they put it's all still more of the one coupon was awful you must she i think safely just chill i think cebu's one i think. with the sugar plantation slavery entered a new era the stronger the demand for sugar the more the slave trade expanded and the more the slave traders sought bank support to finance their expeditions.
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london is one of the oldest centers of global finance the city of london was the first to create a commodities exchange to develop credit markets and to shoot banknotes on a massive scale. without the invention of a centralized banking system the explosion of the slave trade in the eighteenth century would not possible. preparing for a slave expedition was expensive and having a financial arsenal gave england a decisive advantage over its competitors. you've got to remember that the state is getting a tremendous amount of revenue from the plantation complex and they have a very strong vested interest in the slave trade if you had gone to the king of england in sixteen eighty. and said look i'm going to give you a choice you can either have these thirteen colonies in north america or you can have this one little island called barbados you of taken barbados of the split second because of the sugar revenues and this is something that's going to persist
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as a very important interest for european states up until the very end of slavery. to support the civil war the city let money with abandon. in the midst of these glass buildings the two pillars of english economy that finance the slave trade still dominate the london skyline on one side the very honorable bank of england the world's first central bank. on the other the u.k.'s most powerful insurance company the prestigious lloyd's of london. within the atlantic slave trade slave traders had to take on heavy debts to charter their ships without an insurance company most would risk ruin on their first expedition. you could lose a lot you could lose this ship if the ship was your own. you could lose the crew
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you could lose the cargo that you put on board to barter for slaves in africa and you could also lose the supplies you carry on board for the journey and this business slaves were just another commodity of varying quality that slave companies sought to sell off at the best price a sixteen eighty six letter from a slave trader to his associates illustrates this. homeboys that left your country on the twenty first of february via the only street on the first of march to be on the merry arrived here on the twenty ninth of june with each boat having lost over one hundred of the runners and it was transporting. the rest about a flute and i invited by physical condition which will him to the south we said we must let them go for i have a letter right if we can even sell them at all. we are in the difficult position of not knowing what to do with the new rulers that are in such
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bad condition than i would need to come aboard to buy them. the slave traders invested in the trade as if it were a game of poker the risks were high but if successful the return on investment would far outweigh any other type of investment. insurers like lloyds had everything to gain by participating in this game of chance a successful expedition could yield up to three times the initial stake. in the lloyd archives barely any evidence remains of the profits amassed by ensuring these perilous expeditions. most accounting records burned in a fire and eight hundred thirty eight the same year slavery was abolished in the british caribbean. ports had to adapt to this race to africa and the caribbean. in london black while became a slave. trades principle war. here trade goods were embarked precious fabrics
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jewels porcelains weapons and brandy's all bought on credit with the banks money around this pier a giant port complex gradually unfolding a city within a city entirely devoted to this new business. following london six hundred sixty three the great seaports all rushed one after the other to take advantage of this lucrative trade. copenhagen. bristol not liverpool bolo and to work from all over europe slave ships that sail for africa. when i began to see slave ships leaving from not just liverpool anon but from every port in the atlantic as soon as a port becomes big enough to contemplate the trans oceanic voyage there's a good chance that voyage is going to be a slave trade voyage and we've got like one hundred and seventy separate ports tiny
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places today they've got no idea that once upon a time they send a slave boy just simply to support in the child's charming place and yet it's a slave trade pored. over a period of two centuries more than three thousand five hundred expedition set sail from french ports. more than half of them left from the port of not the french champion triangular trade. but sculpted figures along the kid love us or fatal island or reminders of an era when great slave trading families displayed their pride in being the main architects of the city's well. it was they who made not france's leading commercial court. that he says it is the if it's what is clever. well clearly negroes here all is a home at sixty point reason really. no clue volley for you to put you
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thought of far in the project order to. be sixteen sixty nine. from not ball though. and slavery money flowed back up rivers to all. and. it had such repercussions on inland areas that it became a national objective to the fourteenth fully understood this to win the sugar war you would need a powerful fleet. to the fourteenth order the construction of five hundred gallons . elana became the theater of a naval war between france england and holland a fight to the death in which each sunken ship was a total loss of the country's economy. citric with costly. made of. get to know if not more he said but screw. loose not small to see gay artists nor small in their yard to
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a game designer so no libby. says it's all several. thousands of military ships involved in the wake of the slave trade fleet. sixteen thousand gallons were already protecting dutch commercial ships while the three thousand lightning fast royal navy cruisers terrified their adversaries france paled in comparison to such armada us. each nation needed a fortress in africa it was to compete in the atlantic race. just like the caribbean islands these forts were the superstructures with the triangular trade genuine military platforms the offered protection for guarded goods and captives before departure by sea. in less than eighty years forty three four to rebuilt from senegal to the niger delta. every stone and every beam every. element of masonry
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was transported by boat from europe. most of these fortresses are built by states individual capitalists or even groups of trading capitalists did not have that kind of money in order to build those sorts of fortresses. in sixteen eighty four gianbattista cost director of the company just any god wrote a progress report for the real fourteen on the construction of force. they came kept an eye on spending every penny invested in the slave trade had to generate profit. first of all it's necessary to know what size the fortress must be the height of each bust and how to control the quantity of bricks sand and whitewash that needs to be carried. as this expense would be considerable it is possible to provide some
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through congress the dutch on eight fortresses on two trading posts on the gold coast it is easy to judge the considerable sums now since they supply six thousand negros p. at. our fortress was of live north through the colonies when they require a very large number of near us which will infinitely multiply a sugar manufacturing. for the time being france only had one fort on the gold coast. they had to make up for lost time. the english already had thirteen the dutch ten the danish five even the prussians with their three forts surpassed the french. on the gold coast on the side of
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present day ghana the fanti and ashanti rented europeans plots of land to build their forts the europeans established trading posts and fortresses all along the atlantic coast on a way territory to the congo kingdom equitorial africa became the world main source of captives. in this royal african company accounting document written in sixteen eighty eight we learned that over an eight year period the english company shipped sixty thousand seven hundred eighty three captives. each captive cost them eight to twelve pounds sterling equivalent today between eleven hundred and seven hundred dollars. all of them were bought with trade goods. the demand for slaves was so high that the europeans urge their african partners to plan rationalize and
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industrialize their methods of mass deportation. slaves or often bought on credit. and sold out amount that european ships would come they would have a whole cargo full of textiles different metal wearer. tobacco whatever and they these would be given to the local merchants extended to the mall and credit and then the merchants would go inland with those goods and buy slaves and come back the biggest impact was the level of. the level of violence the rising level of violence the level of uncertainty. that permeated society everywhere and also the opportunity for new new big ben. to emerge new powerful leaders somebody gets a hold of more firearms somebody gets more aggressive they build their own personal chiefs up to suddenly the powerful.
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among these bosses was duke a major african broker from calabar. in his diary he spoke of the methods he used to terrorize captives kidnapping sequestration assassination. about four am i caught up awful rain i will talk to the city training class and i met all the guns and. we got many to cut off heads. to. five am when they got decapitation snakes.
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fifteen and served out that. very clearly these sacrifices were intended as a form of terrorism that were meant to make it very clear to the population who was the boss and who was naught them very much of the way to. the mafioso type organisations. behave in terms of making sure that the members of the association respect whoever the godfather is and if anybody steps out of line they can be assassinated or killed and so they don't step out of line obviously. bob is gone did not have the ability to keep going every day to the next world no
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one is also going to get the feeling all of them big enough to sponsor among them as well in search of the missing pieces i was in and really important meetings about from the moment he said i like doing the right to the what the pakistani puzzle when you go to the news of bin laden was killed were you surprised or was your reaction oh they found him in the place we continually but we didn't want anyone to know mehdi hasan goes head to head with the former pakistani foreign minister on al-jazeera. until now the coverage of latin america most of the world was covering khuda todd's tragedies just quakes and that was it but not how couple feel how they look how they think and that's what we do we go five and a half months of demanding it when it's a case of system that was introduced to. latin america as europe has come to fill a void that needed to be filled. full of struggles.
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that it yeah is it a month over it's pretty much full of pleasure. out of the goodness of the way that i'm going to live on but some of the but i mean the writing of what appears to be an intimate look at life in cuba today it is a working mom there with your kids but but but the comment that your failure to my cuba on al-jazeera. there's a problem in doha with the headlines on al-jazeera a saudi panel investigating alleged war crimes and gehman is being accused of lacking credibility and independence the human rights watch criticism has emerged as another airstrike raises questions about who the solve the enter r.t. coalition is targeting the rebels say at least thirty people were killed in an
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airstrike on a cat for displaced people near her data at least twenty of them are children these blame coalition warplanes. judges in zimbabwe's highest court will begin delivering their ruling on last month's presidential election and around half an hour m.d.c. alliance leader nelson chamisa says the vote was rigged in favor of president and god were zanu p.f. leaders inauguration has been postponed until the court decision. strayer has a new prime minister after malcolm turnbull lost a second leadership challenge in a week his former treasurer scott morrison has been sworn in as the leader and eighty is. we have a lot of challenges as a country and we will get through them as we always have to give them now our job. as we take for this new miracle of leadership as
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a new generation. is to ensure that we not only bring their party back together which has been bruised and battered this week but that was to ensure we bring the parliament back together. that we can continue to work to ensure that our country star is close together. turkey's foreign minister is warning that a military solution in the syrian problem province of idlib would be a disaster he made the comment after meeting the russian foreign minister in moscow meanwhile syrian government forces are sending reinforcements to surround which is the last remaining rebel held province the military has been on the move in neighboring how and aleppo ukraine's military is putting on a show of force to mark twenty seven years of independence from the soviet union u.s. national security adviser john bolton is attending the parade after talks with russia is expected to discuss the war and the rebel held east with president petro poroshenko more than ten thousand people have been killed in the conflict since it began in two thousand and fourteen well those are the headlines on al-jazeera do
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stay with us slavery votes from sugar to rebellion continues next on al-jazeera thank you very much for watching. on the island of south told me the portuguese invented an economic model with unprecedented profitability the sugar plantation. almighty as a. kind of asuka nearly thirteen million africans were thrown on to new slavery worse to the new world where the english the french and the dutch hope to become wealthy immensely wealthy. for the benefit of a handful of enterprising unscrupulous profiteers the entire continental economy was disrupted. on the coast african brokers knew all of the inner workings of the
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sugar plantation. a slave ship from some of the. dock that you all go in the kingdom of congo. it's captains drawings provide exceptional details of the negotiations between europeans and africans. the merchants from the coast knew that the marys how to fix captain was in a hurry he absolutely had to arrive in the west indies before harvest time. this was the time of year when slaves sold best and when the best sugar was available. so they deliberately prolong negotiations to drive prices up. three hundred twelve captives rounded up in one hundred sixteen days. african response of the expansion of trade was directly tied to the fact that people in the various embarkation points of the african coast knew exactly what was going on in the
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americas all of these individuals were were entirely aware of the plantation system of the americas. the mary staff eco arrived in sandeman one year after leaving france only nine captives had perished a good ratio for the crew which celebrated success. in the drawings of the mary star sheik no allusion to the slave suffering appears. they were dehumanized shadows tallied and lined up like barrels at the bottom of the hold it in many cases the transportation of human beings turned into a nightmare. it's very important to understand that violence on board slave ships would be used selectively in other words no captain wanted to kill the entire allotment of people on board because that voyage within have no profit so when there was resistance what the captains would do is organize
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a a spectacle in which a small number of people would be executed and if stream leave vicious horrific ways as a means of terrorizing everybody else all of the enslaved would be forced to come up on deck in order to view these executions one slave ship surgeon said that frequently the decks the main deck of the ship would just be completely awash in blood and the aftermath of one of these failed revolts revolts were common and they were almost always suppressed but the captains would use that situation to kill a small number in order to intimidate everybody else sending the message that if you resist us this will be your fate. on caribbean beaches captives disembarked as blacks in a world dominated by whites. an
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outlet for a society founded on violence and race the carnival echoes the days when the shooting. industry imposed its rhythms rites and seasons and set the pace for island life. i an era when drummers announce the end of winter and others option of cutting one fling slaves covered themselves molasses and others the for the hands of their persecutors i know not the. the plantation was a machine the devoured its workforce. it needed a constant supply of new comers. landowners wanted to transform the slaves bodies into tools on plantations whipping in torture methodically used to deprive them of
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their humanity. in this torture garden. the master's authority was absolute. so you take for example a character like thomas this would and you can almost see in his diaries the escalation in the violence that he has to mete out or the things he has to mete out to the enslaved to keep them working on the plantation. by a riot as a foreman on the new plantation and learning to use a gun. he had to carry out justice in the negro who had escaped. we civilly with him and rubbed salt in lime juice into his good news.
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three days later the body of another slave to his fame was brought to us cut off his head. these kinds of tortures and these kinds of punishments this kind of brutality actually became commonplace on on these plantations where you had white people working out among armies of slaves who they feared they could not control the sound of the screaming and the stench of the burning bodies that also became a fundamental feature of the jamaican landscape right that is what plantation society is it's that smell it's that sound it's that fear and terror that's compelling people to work and to obey their masters there's no way to separate that kind of terror from the labor on the plantation from the profits that that labor produced. but the plantation owners could not squander the slaves they had bought
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on credit the state had financed the shipment of slaves and wanted its return on investment. sixteen eighty five. in france the way the fourteenth promulgated the code now are a set of laws designed to regulate the relationships between masters and slaves. tical forty only must is going to chain up and be displaced with canes all rob's when they believe their slaves have deserved this. they are prohibited from the ministry of so many need to nation of limbs. in all legal systems in which sort of slavery there are limitations that the law applies on what kind of violence you can commit with respect to whether it's the code no are whether it doesn't matter what it is there are specific limitations but in the end there is nothing to prevent
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a slave owner in any situation from from committing the worst forms of abuse and we have tons of example of that happening and then getting away without without any punishment without any. without any consideration of the state in terms of protecting the individual who was abused. plantation society relied soley on market forces violence was a necessary cost and us included balanchine's. it took four years to amortize the price of a slave there after he was valuable only in so far as he could still hold the
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machete this was the price to pay so the europe could each other i don't think that it's possible to reduce another human being to a mere cipher to a mere extension of your will and that's where a lot of the tension in the possibilities for slave revolt and resistance come in because if my purpose is to subject you absolutely but you can never be subjected absolutely we're always going to have conflict at the extremes of human domination even in slavery we find there is always resistance there is always tension and there's always struggle. because that right next to the lost and found column an article runs through the list of negroes on the run. he was detained it went to jail a small negro cool job lot of good looking eighteen years i have years of age belonging to mr nadler who claims to be called film by five foot around fourteen years of age
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a very large amount of creole origin twelve years of age could negress name shall not good looking beautiful skin eighteen years of age. throughout the caribbean escaped slaves took refuge in the heart of the most remote forests their nickname slaves in reference to the spanish word. which originally designated cattle but it escaped into the wild in the most remote areas they began to organize resistance on each island men and women stood up against their oppressors in jamaica cotton leonard parkinson the leader of the maroons and grandy nani and ashanti known as the marine priestess in barbados. an evil war chief through valiant insurgents found a name and identity. all throughout the mountainous areas of jamaica you have these communities of formerly
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enslaved people who have escaped and they learn the territory they learn to cultivate crops there and they learn to fight as well harassing plantations taking gunpowder getting new recruits and maintaining a building communities in the mountains where this becomes increasingly a problem for the british and by the second third decade of the eighteenth century it breaks out into major war and the british aren't even sure they're going to be able to maintain the island. therefore there and. then there's not. then there are four yours where they. come from.
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that then. run. the sugar system rose to a fever pitch and went haywire after the islands the fire reached the african coast . wars rage at the capture sites notably in senate gambia where the marabou it's blamed slave trade goods corrupting society. these outbursts of violence plunged
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the sugar industry into a deadlock. the crisis did not spare europe in commercial ports more and more voices rose to express outrage at the horrors of the slave trade. in all of the major slave trading ports everybody knew the truth of the slave trade and i'll tell you one way in which they knew it. slave trading vessels had a very specific smell and you could never get the smell out of the wood in fact it was said in charleston south carolina which was the major port for the importation of slaves into north america that when the wind was blowing off the water a certain way you could smell was a slave ship before you could see it what that meant was that in every poor
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these these ships these ships of horror that stank of human misery that this was all very well known. suddenly information about the slave trade and its characteristics the experiences of enslaved africans in the course the middle passage came increasingly to public attention in the late seventy's eighty's abolitionists campaign this place particular emphasis on the middle passage that's when the polemical augie months began and many pamphlets being published on the case being augie slave owners realizing for the first time that they're going to have to make an argument about the legitimacy of colonial slavery.
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within this context in seven hundred eighty three a trial opposing lines in a slave trade company reverberated in england. abolitionists use it as a platform to reveal the slave traders barbaric practices. the so-called zol massacre which took place in the early seventy's eighty's was a very important news event it basically consisted of a slave ship captain throwing a group of living africans overboard in an effort to collect insurance money now this was this voyage went on and it only came to court a couple of years later because one of the engines the insurance company refused to pay and when this event came to court an abolitionist named granville sharp shows up at this court case the question being where they actually property or not and
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sharps answer is this is mass murder this is just plain mass murder this is not about property rights these are human beings. and the judge actually up held the insurance companies and which refused to pay insurance on the murdered africans and that was vaso who brought this to the attention of granville sharp it was granville sharp then turned it into a big issue that helped to mobilize public opinion in britain. vaso was one of the most fervent english abolitionists. born in one area he was deported at the age of eleven to the caribbean. when he was twenty one he managed to buy his freedom while passing through england. in his autobiography published in seventeen eighty nine he recounted his experience of the middle passage down in the hold and delivered
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a vibrant plea against slavery. facing the nations that have reduced him to the rank of an object the negro reclaimed his voice. gentlemen. such a tendency as a slave trade to the boss man's mind and heart in them to every feeling of humanity . it is their fate on a d. of his mistaken avarice but it drops the milk of human kindness and turns it into god. which violates that first natural right of mankind equality and independency and gives one man a dominion over his followers which god could never intend. yet how mistaken is the avarice even of the planters are slaves more useful by being thus humbled to the condition of brutes and they would be if suffered to enjoy the privileges of man.
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when. one of the important things you see in a quijano or stubs vasa is that he's traveling around the atlantic world he's in slaves but then he works aboard a real navy warship he works aboard a merchant ship he is then in london working with anti slave trade campaigners right we can begin to get a sense that just because someone has been slaves in the atlantic world does not mean they're ignorant of its various contours and i think understanding that people's geographic imaginations were more open than we tend to think when we imagine a slave head down laboring on a plantation that to me is a powerful idea. by seven hundred eighty nine at the moment when gustavo vos us
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book out seven point seven million africans have been deported. one million from senegal. three point four million from the bite of bending and be africa. point two million from central africa close to seventy three thousand from east africa. while david eltis and emory university research team have clearly established deportation figures the income gathered by the slave trade is still currently being estimated. historians are still trying to assess today how much profit the slave trade yielded to banks and insurance companies. the slave trade is not only a foundation of american capitalism it is a foundation of all of european and atlantic capitalism because it created this
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massively profitable economic system that link the countries of north western europe to the americas through the plantation system the great scholar activist c.l.r. james pointed out that the slave system created the greatest planned accumulation of wealth the world had ever seen up to that moment in time and this of course is a very important part of western prosperity. between six hundred thirty three and england's abolition of the slave trade in one thousand zero seven english companies deported two million seven hundred fifty five thousand eight hundred thirty african captives. most of them died on plantations worn out
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from work machinery and fields all of this for the sake of profit and nothing else . but in two thousand and seven at the bicentennial commemoration of the abolition of the slow. trade in the presence of prime minister tony blair and queen elizabeth the second one of the guests. to a human rights activist disrupted the ceremony. oh. i. know it didn't. think it. was naughty so i knew. this was you know yes. that was very nice that's so that's. what. i. was i i.
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i i. i . how could they accept losing the hard won caribbean the goose that laid the golden egg of global capitalism at the beginning of the nineteenth century plantation owners and slave traders sought to thwart this wave of protest carried out by civil society by that time slavery a practice that dated back to the dawn of humanity seemed to more and to belong to the past england had understood this before the others and was thus one step ahead of its rivals it was preparing itself for world domination.
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brazil bears the legacy of slavery is final years. over two million slaves landed there during the one nine hundred century making rio the largest slave trade port in the world but i think it's very important for people to realize that. for eighty twenty for every european that traveled across the atlantic they were public before africans. in eight hundred fifteen armed with its naval supremacy great britain impose the cessation of the slave trade on france and its other commercial rivals it wasn't simply the humanitarianism of the abolition move but it's that britain did not want other imperial rivals to have the benefit of slave labor when in fact they did. buying slaves of both sexes and inciting unions so that they would breed this was the only way for plantation owners to increase their slave livestock after
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brazil the united states became the new land of industrial slavery. relearned as europe's public opinion shifted homelessness a phrase abolition el-al the care for yours where the human exploitation took on new forms as a force late that became the hidden face of europe's industrial revolution the history of slavery is not the black history and it's not just the history of white colonization but the history of human equality it is the legacy for all of us the slaveries new frontier three of slavery the words on algis enough that.
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from the neon lights of asia. to the city that never sleeps. hello again welcome back to international weather forecast or you are watching the next winter storm here making its way just to the northeast here from one is our desire to montevideo that's going to be some rain there but our real drop in temperatures for cincy and with a high for you today thirty one degrees tomorrow once that front pushes through you're looking to be seeing a high of about nineteen degrees that front makes its way up towards rio and it's could be clouds and rain in your forecast there twenty nine degrees for your high where across the caribbean we are seeing some dry conditions for some areas here for much of the dominican republic as well as into haiti those clouds dissipate a little bit dry a few some clouds up towards parts of cuba as well but we are seeing quite a bit of rain here anywhere down towards the bahamas and also into the keys that's all due to a frontal boundary across that region we're also looking at another storm developing here across the central portions of the united states now this storm is going to
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bring a lot of active weather into chicago into much of the great lakes over the next day we could be seeing some gusty winds some damaging hail as well as a potential to see a tornado or two here on friday now as we go from friday to saturday that continues to make its way towards the east rain is going to continue as well but clouds in the forecast from new york with a touch a few of about twenty six in washington twenty seven. the weather sponsored by catto race. is a self-proclaimed messenger of god claiming millions of devoted but his path to enlightenment involve the rape and abuse of his followers when used investigates the fall of one of india's most powerful spiritual gurus on al-jazeera. capturing a moment in time. snapshots of other lives other stories. providing a glimpse into someone else's work. on al-jazeera. challenge
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your perception ethiopia's economy has grown at a faster rate than any other african country is journalism that sirens were heard here is that gives indication of just how close the fighting is groundbreaking documentary debates and discussion just six months ago we were at the brink of a who. was willing programs take you on a journey around the globe. on al-jazeera. this is zero. i don't welcome to the al-jazeera news hour live from our headquarters in doha with me elizabeth piron i'm coming up in the next sixty minutes was i'm bob weighs
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elections fair at the highest court is about to rule on the legitimacy of the presidential vote will be live and her body. children are the victims again and again as an airstrike at a camp for displaced people killed at least twenty rebels blame the saudi amorality call addition. the strelley has a new prime minister for the second time an tears and soon the government's majority could be under threat. and sport more on a record breaking day after the asian games also india. will have action games in indonesia coming up later this hour. presidential election. was rigged in favor of president.
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has been postponed until the court. verdict well let's get more on this now we're joined by. what is the atmosphere there as we wait for this crucial. nothing has. right now a lot of people are either in the offices of. their screens waiting for this court ruling. that the opposition lawyers support but they say that they fail to give enough evidence to show that there was manipulation. and maybe they just have to convince the judge that. probably right now.
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those nine judges in the constitutional court and people. and what are the different options in terms of which way the court. wants to be made the decision is final. appeal the judge's could declare a winner that. money will be on sunday. christian nation which has to be held within sixty days if that happens i mean the country staying in limbo it means an economy needs a new cabinet to be appointed all political leaders have told the supporters to keep calm and to not go to the streets once the looting has been made and they all urge need people to basically try to get the results we are hearing though that the main opposition to the nelson chamisa has been saying that he's from yesterday that he doesn't win this he won't accept the result so what does that mean he may have posted reasonably static he may proceed after gaining in him a person united nations and the state to try to push with
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a kind of power sharing deal but officially readings on if you did that is not going to happen is it. and what are the chances that the opposition supporters will actually heed nelson chamisa his call and not protest if he's also saying that he won't accept the result of its and saying. yes and also given what we saw on the streets of following the election results. with opposition supporters feeling since we saw the violence the first of all this was six people killed and we saw soldiers being deployed some people are really wary about coming back onto the streets in case there is that level of violence again ryan always being so far just a lot of brad police on the streets in his car and that is why the city center is pretty much it's usually people at work so i mean getting home as the day and you get some hardcore ones will say if we lose you're going to take to the streets. that of course remains to be seen but like i said right now all political leaders
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seem to be saying to the supporters keep calm do not resort to violence we'll only know which way people will go in terms of where they lose the this court case how the supporters will react and all that all depends on how the judges rule maybe in an hour's time or so depending on if they start in times of school so we will come back to you as soon as we have a decision from the judges personnel thank you very much harder that is how to live . that's they want to other news for now in yemen rebels say at least thirty people have been killed in a saudi and there are. displaced people most of the victims were children the attackers condemnation from the u.n. the norwegian refugee council and the world health organization allan for. civilians again the think tim's after saudi led coalition air strike in yemen. really impact the fighters say at least thirty one people including women and
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children have died in an attack on their vehicles in the western province of although some sources say the number of dead is lower. dead children and women are disgusting crime. victims were trying to escape a camp which the coalition says was being used to launch missiles. hit us while we were on the road. this little boy survived but it's just two weeks since another thirty coalition air strike hit a school bus that killed forty children and eleven adults in what syria arabia declared to be an appropriate military action it was promised to investigate. as morphemes prepare to weep over their children's graves the charity save the children estimates an average of one hundred forty children have been killed every day since the beginning of the surreal a coalition strikes against these if the united nations will not conduct their own investigation and will not send
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a team at the end to investigate those type of crimes i believe that the saudi that coalition will continue to do so. it's been claimed american made smart bombs were used in the past attack leading to international condemnation and some calling for the u.s. to abandon its rule in yemen the killings against the u.s. being implicated in the murders in this war crimes is a very strong the charity save the children says that yemen is the most dangerous place in the world to be a child right now because the readers have in the last few hours called on international bodies to do more to stop the fighting in yemen and they say the international community's silence on the attack two weeks ago and this most recent attack is nothing short of shameful alan fischer algeria djibouti. meanwhile human rights watch has criticized the saudi panel investigating alleged
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war crimes and yemen the group looked into the panel's work over the past two years and it found that the investigations lacked credibility transparency and independence most of the time the coalition concluded that it acted lawfully or made a mistake or didn't carry out a report of the tag and investigations failed to provide redress to victims well christine beko is a yemen researcher at human rights watch and she says the coalition members have failed in their legal obligation to investigate crimes. and i think perhaps more damning is it paints a very different picture than the one we see on the ground that the one yemeni groups are reporting on human rights watch amnesty and others are reporting on in terms of the absolute devastation that coalition airstrikes continue to cause and the many coalition air strikes that appear to not only violate the walls laws of war but the potential war crimes unfortunately what that body has done is really primarily help shield coalition states from any form of accountability and when i say that what i mean is say for example the coalition's investigative body says ok
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you know what the coalition unintentionally targeted this well or partially damaged this residential complex even in those statements they don't say did saudi arabia carry out the attack the united arab emirates carry out the attack have any steps been taken to ensure that those states hold potential war criminals accountable so really what we're seeing is you have this investigative body that says it's credibly investigating but is in fact not at all an accepted an acceptable sort of substitute for the states themselves actually carrying out credible investigations estradiol has a new prime minister after the ruling liberal party replaced its leader scott morrison defeated malcolm turnbull in an internal party vote it is the fourth time since twenty ten that a prime minister has been voted out of the job by his or her own party kathy novak reports from said artist from john morris of. australia is introduced to another new prime minister to power not in a popular vote but rather installed by colleagues in the party ballot facing
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a tough job to ensure that we not only bring now back together which has been bruised and battered this week traditional grandson jack malcolm turnbull became prime minister when he pushed out his predecessor tony abbott in twenty fifteen now turnbull is the latest australian leader to leave before the end of his term a strike will be just dumbstruck. and so appalled by the conduct of the last week he blames a campaign of what he calls insurgents within his party and outside it who wanted to see the moderate prime minister replaced with a more conservative peter dutton as minister for immigration done and was known for his hard line in foresman of the country's policy of sending asylum seekers to overseas prison camps he first challenge turnbull in a leadership contest on choose day and lost he then demanded another vote on friday
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saying this time he had the support to win and turnbull didn't run as a candidate how the insurgents were not rewarded by electing mr for example but instead the my successor who i wish the very best of course scott morrison a very loyal and effective treasury bills like that in maurice and was once immigration minister in charge of controversial asylum policy he had backed turbo to remain prime minister before friday's vote has been a lot of talk this week about his side people are on in this building. and what just annoyed me to tell you. is the new generation of liberal leadership. is where on your side australians are generally unhappy with what they see as a revolving door system of leadership scott morrison now faces the difficult task of uniting his party before facing the australian public in a federal election in less than a year before that barzan government which has
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a majority of just one seat is likely to have another electoral test. malcolm turnbull says he'll leave parliament soon triggering a byelection for his electorate kathy novak al jazeera sydney. well as i mentioned earlier malcolm turnbull became the fourth astronomy and prime minister to be removed from office since twenty ten well just before that year's elections then labor leader kevin rudd was replaced by his deputy julia gallard retold the leadership in june twenty third teen but his party was beaten and that year's election by the liberals led by tony abbott abbott then lost a leadership challenge to turnbull and september twenty fifteen turnbull now plans to resign from palm and forcing a byelection every bennett as deputy director of the astray it institutes a public policy think tank and she says turnbull's resignation could force an early election. so the money.


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