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tv   NEWSHOUR  Al Jazeera  August 25, 2018 1:00pm-2:01pm +03

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unable to get passports in their country. critics say that's incentive contributed to still come here and enter the country illegally. despite all the turmoil in the country the venezuelan government's called on those leaving to return home so ms aside yes it's only society what we are saying is that we welcome venezuelans who want to come home they are needed to come back we need them and they will see in a relatively short amount of time the outcome of our new economic plans. across in the u.s. prosecutors are investigating the venezuelan president's relatives for alleged corruption that's according to the associated press news agency reports say nicolas maduro stepsons among those being investigated prosecutors are trying to determine whether they profited from the scheme to siphon one point two billion dollars from the state owned oil company but the president himself has not been named in the case. still ahead
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a knowledge is it of violence in ethiopia forces hundreds of thousands to flee their homes in a good undermining the new prime minister's calls for unity. and come pope francis' secure the future of ireland's catholic church as it reels from clerical sex abuse scandals. through tranquil rave you can you. deny it and it's in the. hello there it's mostly dry across the middle east at the moment you'd expect that at this time of year but we are seeing a little bit of cloud on our charts there through parts of tajikistan and up into canada stan few showers here but they're trying to clear away but i think we'll see a few more bubble up in the region as he had three saturday and sunday away from that mostly fine though and just hot kabul up at thirty one degrees and for the towards the west for baghdad will be up around forty five here in doha the
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temperatures are actually going to drop over the next couple of days look at this forty three on saturday but as we head into sunday thirty nine don't celebrate yet though the only reason the temperatures are coming down is because the humidity is rising and for the next few days it is going to be stifling very very humid very hot very muggy for us there's a bit more cloud around the south coast of oman that could just squeeze out the your share on the coast but most of his head will be dry as we head down towards the southern parts of africa mostly fine and settled for many of us here but you can see a bit more cloud that's working its way towards the southwest cape town will see the cloud at times during the day on saturday a few showers are likely and then gradually we'll see that push its way eastwards by the time we get to sunday it will be a lot cooler fresher so our maximum temperature will just be twelve. the weather sponsored by cat telling me he's. above the three big challenges facing
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humankind in the twenty first century look real war climate change and technological disruption especially the rise of intelligence in bioengineering this will change the world more than anything else professor you know what harare talks to al-jazeera. i'm. about you. know some of it i like. you're watching i'll just get a reminder of our top stories this hour donald trump says china is to blame for the lack of progress on the denuclearization of north korea it's the first time is acknowledged problems with the deal he signed in june with north korea's leader kim
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jong il he says beijing isn't helping as much as it should be since he launched a trade war against it last month. ranger refugees living in bangladesh are holding protests to mark one years and symmetry crackdown forced them to flee from their homes in the more than seven hundred thousand range living in what's become the white biggest refugee settlement in the world. a judge in ecuador has suspended some of the entry restrictions for venezuelans imposed a week ago ecuador had announced that venezuelans needed to have a valid passport to get in the court order means they'll now be allowed in with just their id cards for the next forty five days. international committee of the right across says nearly one million ethiopians have been forced to flee their homes after a surge in local violence fighting between the auto mall and goodale people has been taking place along the border areas of goodale and west. paula zahn reports.
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these ethiopian families sheltering in a courthouse fled for their lives there among the nearly one million people displaced over the past four months conrad and goodness two men and mumbling got on get we came here because we were attacked we left our village empty handed to save our lives we travelled and spent three days in the bush to get here for these internally displaced goodale people say they were attacked by mobs of oromo which is the largest ethnic group in ethiopia many don't have food and clean water and they're at risk of malnutrition and diseases like pneumonia that it is a gimmick but i doubt even men my husband got sick and i could not help him i intended to go out and beg but i was shy his health deteriorated further and finally he died. the good day of say local and federal authorities didn't protect them the government denies the accusation and says it's arrested hundreds for inciting violence. the age old ethnic tensions boiled over after prime
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minister up beyond that took office in april ahmed isn't oromo and the good day oh people believe the or almost feel empowered by his rise to office we've seen an awful lot of people probably more than three quarters of a million people having to move in the face of violence in a very short space of time the international committee of the red cross and its ethiopian affiliate are trying to help their distributing blankets sleeping mats water and medical supplies but the surge of violence in southern if the opium could fuel similar disputes in other regions the violence could undermine the new prime minister's sweeping reforms to ease tensions among eighty ethnic groups in a population of one hundred million culture gian al jazeera and democratic republic of congo opposition leaders olympia bambos been told he can't be a candidate in the upcoming presidential race there says election commission says it's rejected his application because he's been convicted by the international
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criminal court for tampering with witnesses during a trial is appealing against that conviction and against the commission's decision seen as a possible frontrunner for the presidency and served a decade in prison for walk rhymes has returned home to take part in the vote after that conviction was overturned. zimbabwe's president emerson one god was calling for unity after the country's top court confirmed his disputed election when his main rival nelson chamisa had challenge the result saying the july thirtieth election was rigged in favor of mungana i don't toss out reports from hadi. supporters from zimbabwe's rulings on a pay party celebrate fight his constitutional court ruling man judges unanimously said the main opposition leader nelson chamisa has no case the court finds that the applicant has failed to place before. clear direct such fission. and
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credible evidence that if the regularities that he alleges monti the election process materially existed. there was no proof. of irregularities as a metal fact lawyers representing the opposition m.d.c. alliance believe it wasn't a phase judgement so ultimately they had spoken. the proceedings. to come up with. but b. is a serious legitimacy issue story. the election board admits it made some clerical data capture errors that. was initial total of votes he won from fifty point eight to fifty point six seven percent they insist this did not change the
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outcome of the poll according to the constitution the when a has to be sworn in within forty eight hours that means present when god was in operation would be on sunday opposition leaders insist the lesson was reg's and they say they'll carry on fighting the course decision is final there is no room for an appeal we are going to it within the law whatever we are going to do we are going to do these things within the law we are we have convened we are going to convene sort of the national council of the. of the of the party on wednesday and this will come with their way for what violence shortly after voting day itself had raised tensions the army shot at protesters who are unhappy with the delay in releasing the results six people were killed the main opposition leader nelson chamisa says his supporters are still being systematically targeted. him a similar gore won by a narrow margin political analysts say he now has a child night
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a deeply divided country he also needs to turn around some of a struggling economy but he needs outside help to do that. margaret stark onboard an italian coast guard ship for more than a week of gone on hunger strike italy and the e.u. . disagree about who should take the men the european commission says it will not bow to threats made by italy over the group of one hundred fifty refugees stranded off the coast of sicily italian deputy prime minister luigi demaio says he'll withholds twenty three billion dollars due to be paid to the e.u. unless other member countries let the ship dock prosecutors in sicily have opened an investigation into whether the migrants are being held against their will for the first time in almost four decades ahead of the catholic church is visiting arland pope francis lands in a country that's changed significantly in that time numerous cases of clerical sexual abuse have seen the population turn away from organized religion and what
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was once a bastion of catholicism the future of the church itself appears to be in question they have barco reports from dublin the vatican flag flies over the irish capital it's thirty nine years since the last papal visit congregation numbers are falling but more than seventy percent of people identify here as catholic. when john paul the second came in one nine hundred seventy nine three quarters of ireland came out to welcome him since then there's been a massive social revolution divorce contraception gay marriage abortion all predicted by the church and now legal and the church now faces perhaps its biggest challenge in modern times its legacy of child sex abuse survivors want pope francis to take robust action according to church papers thirteen hundred priests have been accused of abuse in ireland since one thousand nine hundred eighty five but there have been less than one hundred convictions what i want from the pope i want the
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pope to start realizing that the church can't continue this charade any longer. vincent he was molested by two priests whilst at school i was abused in one nine hundred sixty nine on and the nine year old boy finishing up than in junior school the first pretty certain i felt who had an interest in prepubescent boys was actually trying to enjoy horses was to try a way can in you your first sexual experience there was an open wound in irish society in nearly every diocese in every corner of the country there were victims of clerical abuse many of them were silenced or ignored for decades these were serious crimes carried out by so-called men and women of god crimes the pope cannot ignore the head of his visit pope francis issued a statement to the world's one point two billion catholics asking them to help brutality what he described as a culture of death. pope francis has gone further than any other pope in addressing
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abuse the victims want him to do more to hold the guilty to account and fully disclose what the vatican. colm o'gorman was fourteen years old when he was raped by a roman catholic priest he's now the head of amnesty international in ireland we have to speak out to ensure that the vatican is subjected to proper accountability and i'm not the only way we big we can be confident that we've done everything we can an hour to protect children unwinnable adults wherever they may be pope francis is at across the catholic world as a reformer but can he restore faith in catholicism the biggest risk to the church is future in ireland is the church itself at al-jazeera doubling. the u.s. is cutting more than two hundred million dollars in aid from its programs in gaza and the west bank it's already withheld sixty five million dollars from the un relief agency for the palestinians. at least one hundred eighty nine people have
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been injured in friday's protests on gaza's border with israel palestinians have been demonstrating at the fence each week for more than three months now they're demanding a right to return to their ancestral lands shall stratford has more from the gaza israel border. this is the twenty second week in a row that we've seen these protests on friday along the gaza israel we've seen a lot of gas fired in the last couple of hours what sounds like live ammunition as well i think it's fair to say though that there are less people here this week than we have seen in recent weeks hamas says that the protesters have every right to continue these demonstrations and will continue them i must say until israel's near twelve year land air and sea blockade is lifted now so many people here we've been speaking to this speculation that one of the reasons why the protests the protests have been less this week is because we are expecting a resumption of these talks being mediated by the egyptians in cairo between hamas
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the armed factions and israel israel denies that there is any direct conversation going on between them and how mass but we do know that the egyptians have been very keen i've been working very hard to get both parties to. agree to some sort of last thing ceasefire here we also understand that fatah will be sending a delegation from ramallah to participate in those talks as well there are concerns that anything that is seen by either side as being a provocation could initiate another escalation in violence between hamas and israel and of course that would seriously jeopardize those talks in cairo. i need to promote iran has broken hand between the u.s. and pakistan's new government the two countries disagree of what's been said in a phone call between pakistan's prime minister imran khan and u.s. secretary of state mike pompei oh washington says it stands behind it's only
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a statement that pompei was specifically discussed terrorism islamabad says that didn't happen iraq comes ahead of a planned visit by pompeo to islamabad in the first week of september. i mean we need to understand the desires of the united states and they need to understand ours it is not a unilateral relationship these are bilateral times in a relationship that is bilateral and in which the objective is common you do have to understand each other we will not just understand them but we will also make them understand our. u.s. senator john mccain is stopping treatment for his brain cancer his family says he has quote surpassed expectations for survival the prominent republican u.s. senator and two thousand and eight presidential election candidate announced he had the disease last year mccain's a distinguished military veteran who spent years as a prisoner of war in vietnam. there is no safe level of alcohol consumption that's according to
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a study in the lancet medical journal that looked at alcohol intake in one hundred ninety five countries and it found that even an occasional glass increases the risk of health problems the report attributes two point eight million deaths worldwide each year to all and it found that an average of two drinks a day led to a seven percent rise in disease compared to people who didn't drink it all. as from the university of washington he's the study's lead author and he says any benefit of drinking alcohol is far outweighed by the risks. both diabetes and heart disease which have on occasion and protect that but we've also looked at a whole lot of battery of concept specific like cancers wide range of down some you know all diseases and injuries found that when you take into consideration all of these factors there's no real benefit to drinking across the spectrum is the study will consider cutting your consumption in half or just
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a little bit any amount can be hugely beneficial given the shape of the risk for it rises exponentially with consumption so we're very heavy drinker you'll see huge benefits by cutting down by a drink or day and if you're still drinking one drink per day you'll see huge benefits of the down as well he said re not every year you have a seven out of one hundred cans a developing one is condition and when we look at the global population that's an immense amount of our the average male drinker it's now consuming around two drinks per day a lot of recommendations still say up to two drinks per day is good for your health want to counter that evidence by really looking at the full spectrum of the research that's been performed on all. this is our jazeera these are the top stories donald trump says china is to blame for a lack of progress on the denuclearization of north korea it's the first time he's acknowledged problems with the deal he signed in june with north korea's leader kim
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jong un he says beijing isn't helping as much as it should be since he launched a trade war against it last month show how times he has more from washington d.c. . just a few days ago don't trumpet i'm pretty upbeat about negotiations with north korea telling reuters that pyongyang had taken steps towards denuclearization the missile testing had stopped and he was looking forward to another summit with north korea however has to be said my compares last trip to north korea was a bit of a disaster by many accounts kim dragoon even snubbing pump air there was a great deal of pressure for something tangible to come out of this one and federal prosecutors in the u.s. have granted immunity to the chief financial officer of donald trump's business empire alan vise of bugs being questioned as part of an investigation linked to michael cohen former personal lawyer on tuesday cohen pleaded guilty to breaking campaign finance laws and accused the president of directing him to do so. rangel
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refugees living in bangladesh are holding protests to mark one year since a military crackdown forced them to flee their homes in me and mine there are now more than seven hundred thousand of them in camps in bangladesh a judge in ecuador has suspended some of the recently imposed entry restrictions for venezuelans fleeing a deepening economic and political crisis alley a week ago ecuador announced the venezuelans would need a valid passport to cross the border the court's orders going to mean they'll now be allowed in with just their id cards for at least the next forty five days zimbabwe's highest court has upheld the result of last month's presidential election it says there's no proof of irregularities amerson the moment jaguar now really want done the vote but the opposition's refused to accept what it called fake results will be sworn in on sunday. the international committee of the red cross says nearly one million ethiopians have been forced to flee their homes after a surge in local violence fighting between the all romo on the day of people is
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taking place on the border areas of good day oh and west those are the headlines next on al-jazeera it's talk talk to syria by for that. in an instantly shifting news cycle the listening post takes calls and questions the wild media exposing how the press operates and why certain stories take precedence or ignored the listening post on al-jazeera. all. you can. see. a few years ago you've all know harare's job description was relatively simple a professor at jerusalem's hebrew university specializing in medieval history and a citizen to broaden his canvas led to a nonfiction publishing phenomenon and his elevation to one of the world's best known public intellectuals it came in the form of sapiens harari sweeping energising history of our species from its birth to the present day charting the
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effects of farming technology and culture in the formation of what he argues is now one global civilization it one huge praise and huge sales eight million and counting next to his home of davis an exploration of how the confluence of big data artificial intelligence and biotech could radically alter and divide society and humanity perhaps ending our species altogether or our himself tries to stay at one remove from the data revolution he meditates two hours a day he doesn't own a smartphone now comes a collation of his recent work essays talks responses to readers brought together as twenty one lessons for the twenty first century all of the lessons often read more as observations of trends that aren't likely to end well for homo sapiens i spoke with professor harare recently in tel aviv here's the first part of our conversation. you've all no hurry thank you very much for talking to al-jazeera it's my pleasure. you talk
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a lot especially recently about the dizzying pace of change in the world and the accelerating nature of that change and whether human beings are really equipped to deal. with it your own life has gone through a huge amount of change in the last few years how are you dealing with it and what's it been like well it has been quiet quite a dizzying change as you say a couple of years ago i was just an anonymous professor in jerusalem specializing in medieval military history things like the crusades and the hundred years war and here i am now talking about cyborgs and artificial intelligence to the leaders of the world in the technological community so it's a very big change are my think i'm i'm coping well. and so what is your job description now i mean as you say your depression will background is as a historian you were doing you were doing that too obviously
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a good deal of professional satisfaction and including but not with the kind of huge public profile not with a huge public impact that you have now so what how do you see your role now and what are the things that that you want to think about and talk about given the number of people that listen to you and read you know oh i still see myself as a story and i don't think that historians are a specialist in the past historians are specialists in change in how things change and they learn the nature of change by looking at the past but you know the past is gone everybody who lived in the past is dead nobody really cares about kings who lived thousands of years ago and battles that and that centuries ago the real question is what is happening right now what can we learn from the past about the future changes and what we should be doing and thinking today and they see my job as trying to bring more clarity to the public discussion because what i see today
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in the world is that people are overwhelmed by information by misinformation by these traction and they don't. realize often what are the most important challenges and changes that we are facing i mean there is a fair bit of overlap among your three books so far but broadly the first was about the history of. peons and how we got to this point the second it was a pretty long look into the future of of our species this current book seems to be more urgent somehow that you're really trying to address the main challenges and threats that we face now right yeah. again the first book was about the past the second about the future but if you really learn anything from observing the long term past and history of human kind it must money first itself in how you behave
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and what decisions you take in the present moment so this is why the corinth book is about what is happening right now about immigration and ter reason and climate change in the rise of nationalism and things like that and so what are in your view that the key challenges and threats that we face right now and going forward well there are three big challenges facing human kind in the twenty first century they are nuclear war climate change and technological disruption especially the rise of artificial intelligence and bioengineering this will change the world more than anything else nuclear war and climate change hopefully we can prevent them from happening so these are changes we try to avoid but technological disruption especially out official intelligence in bioengineering this is bound to happen we still says have some choice about what kind of impact ai and bioengineering
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engineering will heaven the world but they will change the world maybe more than anything that happened previously in history and these are the main challenger. is anything else is a distraction so if we look at big data and ai and bioengineering the confluence of those of those things you say that we have some choices to how how we respond and how we try and tailor their effect but reading your book you seem to be pretty definitive about where this is going what do you think is going to happen and what is going to be the impact on all of us well some things are definitely going to happen for example our computers and robots replacing more and more human jobs but what will be the consequence of that will this create an extremely an equal society in which tiny elite controls all the economy and makes all the profits where is most humans become part of some kind of useless class this is not inevitable this
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is up to us similarly the combination of ai and biotechnology means that we are very close to the point when you can hack human beings there is a lot of talk about hacking computers and emails and bank accounts but actually we are entering into the era of hacking humans and i would say the most important fact anybody who is alive today needs to know about the twenty first century is that we are becoming hackable animals this is the most important thing about what so how could will how how how are we becoming audible are we talking about what we read and and what we're told or are we talking about something deeper starts on the surface it starts and this is what we already see today it starts by having corporations and governments amass enormous amounts of data about where we go and
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what we search online and what we buy and things like that but this is all surface and outside our behaving the world the big. watershed the big change will come once it starts penetrating inside inside your body once you can start monitoring and surveying what is happening inside your body inside your brain then you can really hack human beings and this is we're very close to it already a lot of people go about with you know fit bits that constantly measure their heart rate their blood pressure you cross that with what you buy and what you search online or what you read or watch or what you watch on television so you you watch a movie and at the same time netflix can know what is happening to your to your heart rate or your brain activity you need this is going inside the human body when you combine our increasing understanding of biology and especially brain science
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with the enormous computing power that machine learning in ai is giving us what you get from that combination is the ability to hack humans which means to predict their choices to understand their feelings to manipulate them and also to replace them if you can hack something you can also replace it so this is the big issue it's not it won't happen in the year zero two but in ten twenty thirty years we are likely to reach a point when an external system knows you better than you know yourself it will never know you perfectly there is nothing perfect in the world there is no such thing as perfect knowledge on a zone or the government will never know you a hundred percent but he doesn't need to it just needs to know you better than you know yourself and this is not very difficult because most people don't know themselves very well a lot you're talking there about machine learning and ai a lot of the talk about
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the concerns of for the future with ai taking an ever bigger role is that it could itself develop consciousness. you start to develop different goals from from its originators and thereby become a threat to humanity you seem a bit more sanguine about that aspect a specter of it why yeah i think the big dangers are to the job market the big danger is that it will serve to empower a small number of people and create a digital dictatorship i don't think it's not impossible but i think it's highly unlikely that in the near or even medium future ai will gain consciousness and start having feelings and desires of its own and start killing people because of that or this is science fiction i think i really like science fiction but i think the worst service that science fiction has done over the last few years is to
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destruct people from the real dangers of ai and focus them on unrealistic scenarios are there is absolutely no indication that ai and computers are any were on the road to becoming conscious there is a big confusion both in the scientific community but especially in science fiction between intelligence and consciousness people think that out officially intelligence also implies artificial consciousness but they're two completely different things intelligence is the ability to solve problems consciousness is the ability to feel things like pain and pleasure and love and hate now in humans and other mammals like dogs or seem pansies it's true that consciousness and intelligence go together we solve problems by having feelings but computers work in a completely different way over the last decades computers have become extremely
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intelligent but they are they have no consciousness and this is likely to continue . just like you know airplanes fly far faster than birds without ever developing feathers so computers are likely to become far more intelligent than humans with out ever developing consciousness. my personal impression is that all these science fiction movies about robots becoming conscious and conscious and then starting to kill people and things like that these are not about humans being afraid of intelligent robots actually these movies are about men being afraid of intelligent women because if you look carefully you will see that in almost all cases the scientist who develops the robot is men is a man and the robot is female like in westworld or in x. nothing around and these movies are actually about feminism about this male fear
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that a we have created this thing and now it's becoming more intelligent and more powerful than us so it's a big distraction for the public i mean there is the famous thought experiment about the the ai which is just given one instruction to create paperclips you know destroys everything the entire planet by churning through all matter until everything is newspapers that doesn't need to be a conscious being in order to have a devastating effect that's true you don't need that if there is there is a more i mean these kinds of problems that you given a particular purpose and you don't really think through what the consequences will being this is already happening if you look at the way that what that other the rhythms shape the public discourse and are responsible for the for the spread of fake news then this problem is not science fiction it's reality you give the other glory of them of the social network the instruction maximize traffic on
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my website this is the instruction and then the algorithm discovers without any consciousness just by analyzing data that if you push up. fantastic stories about all kinds of ridiculous things that never happened that make people angry or make because people excited these throws a lot of attention so nobody gave. the algorithm thing struction spread fake news but this is what the algorithm ends up doing in the service of the goal it was given which is to maximize our traffic on the website just the humans who gave the algorithm this goal maximize traffic they did not take into account that the best way or one of the best ways to maximize traffic is to make people angry and to make people are fearful by spreading fake news but this is the result we'll talk
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about fake news more more later on but just on the idea that we stand at a place where we may soon become sort of in thrall to these sort of faceless consciousness beings to some extent haven't we lived in that world for a while i mean there is a thing called a corporation which is emerged without any. authorship other than originally to make money for its founders yes and suddenly after a few decades they take on a an essence of their own and suddenly have human being serving these corporations obviously that at the top they make money from it but they don't have any purpose but they do grow in the way they take over more and more of the world if they're successful. how is that different in order from what could happen with vastly powerful ai's serving these corporations and many others a big difference is that corporations and also also nations which is are also imaginary entities they still need humans to make all the important decisions are
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but now with the development of ai more and more the important decisions will not be made by any human being they will be made by an allegory at them you may still want to keep a human being at the top as the c.e.o. of the corporation or the president of the country if not for any other reasons and just for the sake of appearance. but the actual decisions will not be taken by the c.e.o. or by the president the ai will present some choices and the president will choose ok let's do this but the choices are shaped by the way that the ai understands reality if you take something like the financial system already today the vast majority of people are incapable of understanding the financial system it's far too complicated and is the advance of ai it is likely to go beyond the ability of
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any human being to understand it ai will work so fast we so much data it will create financial tools and financial systems which are far beyond human understanding and then when you need to make a big financial decision for the corporation or for the country no human is able to really understand what the options are it's too complicated so think about the situation not in a thousand years but in fifty years or thirty years when the key financial decisions are taken by an algorithm and no human being is able to understand why the algorithm chose this and not that if this town's against science fiction impossible just consider that this is already happening on a low level even today in many places around the world when you apply for a loan you go to the bank and you apply for a loan your application is don't being processed by any human being it is processed
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by a big data algorithm that goes over more and more data about you not just financial data but even your facebook profile or your twitter account and based on enormous amounts of data the other rhythm decides whether to give you a loan or not and when you go you go to the bank to say that the algorithm said no don't give this person a loan is unreliable i looked at his facebook feed you. seems to be an unavailable person don't give him a lot he will never return it and the bank says no and you go to the bank and you say why not what's wrong with me and the bank says we don't know the algorithm said no and we've learned by experience that if we follow the advice of our algorithm then we make a lot of money because people return the loan if we think we are smarter than the algorithm then we make mistakes and on an evil long level on the individual level just look at how people have outsourced decision about you know nothing getting
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your way around the city you need to go from point a to point b. previously you rely on your own personal knowledge and gut instincts over the last few years many people have learned that it's better to trust the google maps algorithm you reach an intersection your gut feeling tells you turn right but google says no no no turn left it's better you say what does google know what they are stupid i'll follow my instincts and you're stuck in traffic and your late next time you know better listen to the algorithm and within a year or two you lose the ability to navigate space by yourself because it's basically like a muscle if you don't use it you lose it so what's happening now with things like finding your way around the city in fifty years it can happen to finding the country's way around the financial markets. you talk about free will
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about it being illusory self to a greater or lesser extent being illusory as well you know that we are a mass of neurons and sign ups is an biochemicals and the actions of external environmental actors on those processes all giving us this this feeling of ourselves which isn't necessarily true that that there is some sort of captain of the ship at the at the helm that being the case why is it so much more of a threat that another factor could enter into the system that fact of being ai in these big big data machines. well it's a question of it's not necessarily bent in many cases it's wonderful if you think about healthcare then an ai system that constantly monitor is your body can give you the best health care in history it's present say if you have cancer usually you discover it when the concert already spread and it's very difficult and
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costly and painful to take care of it but a are a systems of money towards your body twenty four hours a day it's very likely that we could discover a console when it's just beginning and it's very easy and cheap to cure it so there are many benefits or to give another example if you think about again about the road car accidents traffic accidents today every one point twenty five million people are killed in traffic accidents around the world that's twice the number of people who die from violence from war crime into reason put together and the vast majority of traffic accidents are because of human error if you replace human drivers solve driving vehicles and algorithms you want to reduce traffic accidents to zero but it is likely that at least a million lives will be saved every year that's wonderful. so i'm not against
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giving more authority to ai as a question is who is the master or who the ai who does it serve. does it serve a small elite of be corporations does it serve dictatorial governments or does it serve me the same technology can be used in very different ways you can use ai to create a total surveillance regime of the government controlling the population and you can reverse the order and use a i for that citizens to survey the government and make sure there is no corruption it can go both ways all the same always myself at present most of these big data are algorithms they hack mean in the service of some corporation or government they
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get to know my weaknesses solve that they can capture my attention and sell me products or so me politicians or make me waste hours. watching funny cat to be doing online just so there is more traffic on the web page but you can take the same technology and then reverse the order and build an ai protect or an ai sidekick that knows my own weaknesses and defends me against these manipulations i mean the key effect is to realize that most of the decisions i make this is not fully will this is my biochemical system which is hackable. and once you realize it you realize that just as people can hack my computer so i have an antivirus protecting my computer people can hack my brain also in they are doing it it's much more valuable to my computer if i have an antivirus program for
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my computer why don't i don't i have one for my brain and we can we don't do it at present but there are billions to be made from creating an id until virus for the brain which for example in like to give a simple simple example of how it works you surf the web and suddenly something pops up and tries to capture your imagination your attention because it knows your weaknesses that i don't know you like cats and you like funny cat videos so it brings up this funny cat video and you're just about to be tempted but then your ai sidekick kicks in and says somebody is trying to hack you somebody is trying to manipulate you it blocks this invasion and you know just as you get these messages from your computer that oh i just detected the trojan horse so i just attest to the warm and got rid of it so it will inform you all you somebody just try to hack you
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and i saved so the ai can serve you i buy one of those i think it is going to be on the next episode of talk to al-jazeera we continue our conversation on the future of mankind with historian and author uvalde harari. i. on the streets of greece anti immigrant violence is on the rise you have to go from all those. losses on and increasingly migrant farm workers of victims of vicious beatings. as helping the pakistani community to find a voice the stories we don't often hear told by the people who live them undocumented and under attack this is zero on al-jazeera.
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al-jazeera. where every. and ambitious health system reform that paid off the show credit you push of comedian week ten million over ninety six million citizens to receive free health care without paying insurance premiums. in. the extraordinary story of turkey's monumental health care transformation and the people at the heart to fix the people's health on al-jazeera. whether online this isn't some abstract fish eat
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a bit of their stops or if you join us on sect rather than stopping terrorism it's creating a base is a dialogue and just the community is want to add to this conversation we need a president who's willing to be a villain or a short while everyone has a voice i part of civil society i did but i never get listening to by those in the car is the folk joining the global conversation. on out to zero. donald trump admits north korea is not doing enough to rid itself of nuclear weapons he says his secretary of state won't be going to pyongyang. time about this and this is all just hear
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a live from doha also coming up. the engine muslims in bangladesh demanding justice a year after a military crackdown forces them to flee from me and. a surgeon ethnic violence in ethiopia threatens to undermine the new prime minister's calls for unity. a limb pick dreams how the asian games aspiring indonesia to think bigger. for the first time u.s. president donald trump has accepted that his denuclearization deal with north korea may not be working out and he's blaming beijing for not exacting enough pressure on pyongyang since a trade war began between china and the u.s. trump has said that north korea is no longer a nuclear threat and he says that's because he signed an agreement with north korea's leader kim jong un in june but that he has been criticized for being too
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vague in satellite photos have shown the work is still going on at north korea's nuclear sites drums tweeted that he's postponing the trip by mike pompei o to pyongyang which was planned for next week in his tweets trump says i have asked secretary of state might pump a zero not to go to north korea at this time because i feel that we are not making sufficient progress with respect to the denuclearization of. the korean peninsula additionally because of a much tougher trading stance with china i do not believe they are helping with the process of denuclearization as they once were despite the un sanctions which are in place in the meantime i would like to send my warmest regards and respect to chairman kim i look forward to seeing him soon shihab rattansi has more from washington d.c. just a few days ago don't trumpet i'm pretty upbeat about negotiations with north korea telling reuters that pyongyang had taken steps towards denuclearization the missile
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testing had stopped and he was looking forward to another summit with north korea however has to be said mike compares last trip to north korea was a bit of a disaster by many accounts kim drumming even snubbing compare there was a great deal of pressure for something tangible to come out of this one from the more hawkish people around him john bolton his national security advisor for example but it is striking in these tweets but it's still very diplomatic very respectful towards chairman kim and he says he still does want a summit to take place at some point in the future. chris garcia is a former deputy director with the united states department of commerce under president says the trade relationship with china is going to be uppermost on the minds of u.s. diplomats in these negotiations take time and time is our friend we we have north korea contained we want to make sure that they continue with with specific concrete steps the first priority for the united states is china china and renegotiation
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of our trading relationship with china is the most important priority for the president and certainly the most important priority for the world as we look at as we look at the global financial markets so this and i certainly do not mean to reduce the importance in any way or. say anything about the north korea talks in that they're not important but the priority has to be china and those renegotiations first because that is the significant negotiation that will have much much greater effect we do have north korea contained and frankly with secretary pompei o just appointing the new special envoy to north korea we're going to be in a much better negotiating position after after we see how we work these these details out with north korea in the back room range of refugees living in bangladesh or protesting to mach one years since
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a military crackdown forced them to flee their homes. there are now more than seven hundred thousand in living in camps near the border bangladesh has signed a deal with me and ma to allow the refugees to return home but many are still afraid to go back mohamed john jims being to the sprawling camps in cox's bazar where one ranger activist is urging his fellow refugees to seek justice. speaking passionately to fellow rowe hinge of refugees or how much is urging this audience to begin demanding their rights hoping his words will connect with the old and break through to the young. ultimately inspiring them to seek justice for the constant persecution he says they faced in me and mark need that help me that i'm one of the that's why we're raising our voice we want to go back home we want to be citizens of our country who want to live there with safety and security. and the us
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is a member of the ira conroe him just society for peace and human rights he tells me there is absolutely no excuse for the real him not to be recognized as citizens of me and more. our mothers and fathers are for me and maher we were also born there but they still made us suffer we didn't get an education they didn't even let us pray at the mosque. one year ago a crackdown by me and more as military and reckoning state began a campaign of violence against the ranges that included mass killings sexual violence and arson since then over seven hundred thousand roll hinges escaped to neighboring bangladesh the un called it a textbook example of ethnic cleansing mean mars government however has denied allegations atrocities were committed for the rohingya who fled violence in me and more last august life here was supposed to be temporary but in the past twelve
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months cox's bazaar has become home to the largest refugee settlement in the world now with each passing day the refugees here worry that their existence here may become permanent nowadays signs of construction are everywhere but as the camp grows so does the frustrations living conditions have improved and yet they're still very difficult l.e.o.'s and his family also fled the violence in iraq and stayed in august two thousand and seventeen and have not wanted to pull my children are missing their home they always say they want to go back home. his daughter sharmeen was born while they were all hiding from the military in a forest in me and more she'll turn one in just a few days. at least his older children long for a home they no longer have but for his youngest it's
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a home he fears she may never know. i'm a gentleman does it that they could to prolong refugee camp in cox's bizarre on with ash. the international committee of the red cross says nearly one million ethiopians have been forced to flee their homes after a surge in local violence fighting between the good day zero people has been taking place along the border it is a good day zero. tears in reports. these ethiopian families sheltering in a courthouse fled for their lives there among the nearly one million people displaced over the past four months comrade and in their skin and loving god damn good we came here because we were attacked we left our village empty handed to save our lives we traveled and spent three days in the bush to get here from these internally displaced goodale people say they were attacked by mobs of oromo which is the largest ethnic group in ethiopia many don't have food and clean water and
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they're at risk of malnutrition and diseases like pneumonia that is a gimme but god god even man my husband got sick and i could not help him i intended to go out and beg but i was shy his health deteriorated further and finally he died. the good day of say local and federal authorities didn't protect them the government denies the accusation and says it's arrested hundreds for inciting violence. the age old ethnic tensions boiled over after prime minister abi ahmed took office in april ahmed isn't oromo and the good day oh people believe the or almost feel empowered by his rise to office we've seen an awful lot of people probably more than three quarters of a million people having to move in the face of violence in a very short space of time the international committee of the red cross and its ethiopian affiliates are trying to help they're distributing blankets sleeping mats water and medical supplies but the surge of violence in southern eat the opium
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could fuel similar disputes in other regions the violence could undermine the new prime minister's sweeping reforms to ease tensions among eighty ethnic groups in a population of one hundred million cultured or gian al jazeera. in democratic republic of congo opposition leaders on p.r. bamboos been told he come to be a candidate in the upcoming presidential race the i.c.c. election commission says it's rejected his application because he's been convicted by the international criminal court of tampering with witnesses during the trial he's appealing against the commission's decision members seen as a possible front runner for the presidency he's a decade in prison for war crimes and he's returned home to take part in the vote after his conviction was overturned. a judge in ecuador has lifted some border restrictions imposed in venezuelans a week ago tens of thousands of venezuelans have been trying to escape the economic and political crisis at home ecuador had said they needed a valid passport to cross the border as well as their id cards but
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a court suspended that decision for the next forty five days the order means they'll be allowed to cross the border with just an id card many of them are traveling through a humanitarian corridor opened by ecuador for people trying to reach peru and chile montana sunshades has the latest from the peruvian town of thomas. has lifted the passport. was a measure that had been implemented a few days ago and was banning. from. many of them wanted to come here to. to find a residence here now that the united nations. refugee pleaded both and lived. down entering without a passport. as of saturday he wants also to lift the ban
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because it affects. unable to get passports in their country even if critics say the measure will incentive. to still come here and enter the. country. still ahead on al-jazeera more potential legal trouble for the u.s. president his company's chief financial officer is granted immunity in the miller investigation and medical workers fighting the overall outbreak in democratic republic of congo now face a novelist's riot. hello there it's mostly dry across the middle east at the moment you'd expect that at this time of year but we are seeing a little bit of cloud on our child's there through parts of tajikistan and up into canada stan a few showers here but they're trying to clear away but i think we'll see
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a few more bubble up in the region as he had three saturday and sunday away from that mostly fine though and just hot kabul up at thirty one degrees and for the towards.

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