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tv   NEWSHOUR  Al Jazeera  August 29, 2018 4:00pm-5:00pm +03

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observers it's a pretty uphill battle for the iranian side in all this and a lot of people think that there's a degree of posturing really and that the iranians are trying to use this not so much that they think they're going to win this is sadly but to try to convince their own people for domestic consumption they're not taking sanctions lying down so if that's the case how do things pan out from here what's next well it's pretty slow and painful to be honest with you them that the americans have the last word tomorrow and the judges will rise without making any decision about the merits of iran's case or anything else and then and then will sort of come back in a month or so and decide on what's called provisional measures whether anything should be done about sanction the means i'm even before they discuss the merits of the iranian case so it's not going to be quick and as i say i think a lot of people think they're right inside the argument doesn't really hold merit in the way they'd like it to and so of course sanctions carry on and that it is it
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does bear repeating that even if the judges in the fullness of time were to come down on the iranian side that the decision is supposed to be binding but the u.s. doesn't have to abide by it and so sanctions can carry on anyway a friendship treaty from one nine hundred fifty five quite a different time lawrence lee thank you very much live at the hague still ahead on al-jazeera curfews in person parts of the hall as anger over a police investigation brings mass protests and a heated political time in france as the environment minister quit saying his government is failing to do. hello the vigorous thunderstorms that we've seen recently in greece and floating around turkey satellite picture reveals them are about to become rather less
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decreases all the energy is transferred to the other side of the mediterranean over spain tickly western front to the area of low pressure is associated with increasingly warm air and the whole lot is pushing up some big thunderstorms the west in france and i think further north with the heat now the moment you see that's the dome of warmth and in the middle of europe what i suppose germany poland is deep down to twenty or below that scandinavia too with the water either side of that i think anything that cooler weather will try and push each is not get very far the next batch of biting winds and rain will try and edge into france as you can see it gets in there that'll be the thunderstorms paris as a result ends up with about twenty degrees the whole lot blows through some i think big downpours as this pushes through the alps and yes there is the winds from the north but a chill coming to the low countries so this middle bit germany and poland will see the cool and to the west the want to be replaced by breezy went with her and south
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of it all enjoy the sunshine be too hot maybe thirty nine down in the middle of libya but sunny all the same. this is life on the streets of and. from the discovery of theater is an opportunity to ski and become someone. for the duration of a plane and its purpose in life a tiny. little princess part of the viewfinder in latin america. at this time.
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rushing al-jazeera let's break out the top stories for you right now pressure is mounting on the leaders and leaders of myanmar after several countries call for its military chiefs to be held accountable for alleged genocide and security council has been debating a report that details mass killings and gang rapes of russia must sees that the u.s. has defended its support for the saudi and roddy coalition fighting in yemen after you and report released on tuesday said all sides in yemen's conflict may have committed war crimes but it blames saudi amrani airstrikes for most of the jets. lawyers representing iran and the u.s. are at the international court of justice for a third day of hearings are tehran is challenging washington's sanctions the us told the top u.n. court on tuesday that it had no jurisdiction to rule on the case. one person has been killed in a curfew has been put in place in southwest appall after violent protests there is
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anger about police officers handling of a rape and murder investigation involving a teenage girl it's hoped the curfew will prevent further violence this of mistrust the reports from katmandu. the monsoon rains didn't stop the latest protest against the police artists joined the protesters in solidarity following the rape and suspected murder thirteen year old schoolgirl up on a month ago. we got the government does not compel us to stand here again and again other protests have been held elsewhere in the park demanding change at least three rapes are reported to police every day in a park around fifteen hundred last year activists say many more are reported more than half of all the parties attacked are up to sixty the police are being criticised for their handling of the schoolgirls murder investigation. a sixteen year old boy was shot and killed while others were injured and armed police confronted protesters and punch a group district where the girl was killed
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a curfew was imposed there four days ago. police are accused of arresting a mentally unstable man and framing him for the girl's killing while the true culprit remains free. we are an institution that believes in giving justice to women and children nepal police is suspended the commanding officer in country who are in our initial investigation shows the police were a bit reluctant in the initial response the communication with the victim's family would also lacking these individual cases of carelessness or tarnish the reputation of the entire force protesters say both the police and the government have to do more to restore faith in them the people who are coming to report versus the promotion all people who have registered an f i r vers says the proportion of people who have been can convict it is very different the action of people who have been convicted in this country is
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a very bad to the people who have been raped we have lost faith in the system as protests continue against alleged police mishandling of the case government leaders are under pressure to offer more than what demonstrators say approach to. the syria that's meant to u.s. military drills look set to resume on the korean peninsula they had been suspended since a landmark meeting between donald trump and north korean leader kim jong. june as part of that meeting north korea committed to end its nuclear weapons development program that the u.s. says there has been a lack of progress toward state nuclearization. a search of his own name on google has angered donald trump so much as administration may look at regulation the president accuses it of giving prominence or negative stories about him and he says twitter and facebook are silencing conservative voices white house correspondent kimberly huckabee reports. you know i think google is really taking advantage of
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a lot of people in the allegations from u.s. president donald trump that tech giants like google and facebook are silencing conservative opinions we have literally thousands and thousands of complaints coming in and you just can't do that so i think that google and twitter and facebook they're really treading on very very troubled territory and they have to be careful it's not fair to large portions of the population trumps comments follow a tuesday morning tweet we're trying to claim to google the search term trump news with negative results he says online searches are rigged by liberal owned media groups to shadow ban or silence conservative viewpoints that's why trump economic advisor larry kudlow says the administration isn't ruling out action even regulation you know we're taking a look at it in a statement google denies it searches are selective it says that when a user types a query into the google search bar its goal is to make sure they receive the most
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relevant else or is it a matter of seconds search is not used to set a political agenda we don't bias our results toward any political ideology is not accurate this tech industry analyst says trump's allegation that tech giants are systematically biased against conservatives is nothing new if trump is google searching himself in finding that a lot of people don't like him that's because a lot of people don't like him to be clear that would also been true if barack obama had googled himself but conservatives in the us are pushing back it's basically an intergalactic invasion into people they point to the recent removal of controversy all right wing radio host alex jones from facebook you tube and spotify private tech companies say they're legally within their rights to ban offensive content critics said. there's silence in dissent some republican members of
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congress are even arguing today's big tech companies are monopolies in the marketplace and should be regulated to foster political debate from all sides a move the white house now appears to be considering can really help get al-jazeera washington world there are reports a suicide car bombing in al qaim near the iraq syria border has killed at least eight people the attack targeted a checkpoint jointly manned by the iraqi army and allied shia fighters several people have also been injured. rainforest in africa are now as endangered as some of the continent's best known animals but a group cultivating a manmade forest in south africa is trying to give visitors a taste of what the world could be losing catherine sawyer reports from a from a longer in south africa and the first of our forests under threat series. one of south africa's botanical gardens is on the edge of the kruger national park the statue action is undoubtedly the manmade tropical african rain forest is thriving
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in a continent where natural forests are being wiped out by. poachers and climate change are additional threats caretakers here worry that they'll all be gone from africa in a few decades thirteen thousand square kilometers that are being wiped out. that's a massive amount of rainforest disappearing we might even be wiping out species before we even know they exist thousands of students tourists and researchers who might not be able to go to the congo basin in central africa home to the world's second largest tropical rainforest or to the coastal rain forest in west africa that has almost all been felled visit this site i fix begins that years ago when. people with the area they reaped all florist's left right and center to plant sugarcane and it seriously what is me because they don't replace the trees the
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botanical garden is not just a showcase of the ecosystem it's also home to some of south africa's rare is trees highly prized by poachers one of the things that stands out in this botanical garden is a psycho tree it's critically endangered slow to grow but also very lucrative in the black markets so researchers say that in terms of endangered species the psycho it isn't as much danger as the rhino. a most must call has protected and grew in the prehistoric cycad yes and proud you have a seize the biggest collection in south africa this is the main. federal. i have to take three months before we open to start to tool to put in a school in the forest students learn about the different plants and animals how the ecosystem works and just how critical it is to conserve and protect what
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remains of a peak is tropical rainforest. south africa. and our series on the world's forests under threat continue later on wednesday we had to malaysia or a boom and biofuels as posing a major threat to the region's wearing forests florence louis will have that story coming up in the news hour thirteen g. a great ferry carrying more than a thousand people has made an emergency return to port after a fire on board began on the ship's vehicle deck passengers put on life jackets as the ship which was bound for the island of crete returned to athens still not known what caused that fire and there are no injuries to report colombia and peru have agreed to set up a joint database of venezuelan migrants of countries are struggling to manage the rapidly growing number of venezuelans crossing their borders they're fleeing a deepening political and economic crisis at home according to the u.n. more than two million people fled venezuela since two thousand and fourteen. he has
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the latest on the colombian capital bogota. colombian paid award to two countries that have so far received the highest number of business well in migrants and are now agreeing that they need to cooperate more to confront this unprecedented exodus of people migration authorities met for two days in bogota and announced that they will begin sharing more information about the migrants they are receiving they plan to implement a shared database and new technology at the border to do so they also agreed that this crisis will continue to grow unless there's real change in venezuela and colombia's officials insisted on the need to end unilateral entry restrictions imposed by some countries in recent weeks that it was good we need to do with this in a coordinated manner if it's a regional effort we can achieve good results handling it in a unilateral an individual way and he creates more illegal immigration and more problems not less they do in colombia hope that their agreement will be extended to
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the other countries affected another reading this time at the foreign ministers level has been announced for next week in ecuador venezuela notorious have also been invited but in colombia said they haven't had any communication with their venezuelan counterparts on this issue for the last two years and that's been it continues to avoid recognizing the crisis and brazil's president has sent the military into a province along its border with venezuela and shut him or says it's to keep order in and ensure the safety of the people there the government is moving some venezuelan migrants away from border towns in an effort to reduce tension with locals and the last two weeks brazilians drove a group of venezuelans out of their town after a local restaurant owner will stand and beaten. present environment minister has shocked as colleagues by resigning live on radio without telling his boss first
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nicholas hello was a former t.v. presenter a popular one and campaigner before going into politics he says the government innocent doing enough to stop climate change talks about live reports. it was on french radio that nicholas you lot an ounce to sudden resignation as france's environment minister of the pre-mortal the first time i'm going to take the hardest decision of my life i don't want to lie to myself any more i don't want my presence in this government to be taken to mean that we are doing enough to tackle this challenge who had spent fifteen months in government under president emmanuel michel during which it helped stop controversial plans to build an airport on farmland but he said too little progress had been made in other areas such as rolling back nuclear power before entering politics is a popular t.v. presenter of environmental programs and campaign. this makes it clear that the government isn't interested in the on the violent considering project as
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a gesture to the low but on every other important issue concerning our future such as pushing for an environment tax nothing has changed. macro was almost state visit to denmark when he learned to the resignation who had not told him the forehand. i hope still to be able to count on him in one way or another i think that in fifteen months this government has done more than any other in the same time on the same subject and those departure is a blow for mycroft who has positioned himself as a leader on the environment last year he criticised trump's decision to pull out of the paris climate accord make our planet great again micro also hosted an international conference on climate change right here in paris it was attended by dozens of world leaders environmental experts and campaigners michael likes to present himself internationally as a leader from the mental issues on climate change and here you know says i did
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really what i could i did my very best for one year and three months i did not succeed because this president obviously does not consider a run of the issues as primary issues so that's a really tough tough road for michael the resignation adds to its. it's been a few months for the president's opinion polls suggest his popularity has fallen some people say he focuses too much on economic growth and not enough on social issues now his commitment to the environment is also being called into question. kyra. and we shall carry let's recap the headlines for you right now pressure is mounting on the leaders a man mark after several countries call for its military chiefs to be held accountable for alleged genocide the security council has spent abating a report that details mass killings and gang rapes over a hedge of muslims i believe these reports findings and recommendations these are
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of serious consideration by all relevant united nations board effective huge national corporation will be critical to ensure that they come to believe the mechanisms of credible transparency but surely bend and and comply with geishas and international law the u.s. has defended its support for the saudi a moronic coalition fighting in yemen after you and report released on tuesday said all sides and yemen's conflict may have committed war crimes but it blamed saudi amrani airstrikes for most of the deaths are presented iran in the us or at the international court of justice for a third day of hearings or tehran is challenging washington's sanctions the us told the top u.n. court on tuesday that it has no jurisdiction to roll on the case u.s. military trail set to resume on the korean peninsula they had been suspended since that landmark meeting between donald trump and north korean leader kim jong il back
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in june as part of that meeting or of korea committed to and its nuclear weapons development program that the u.s. says there's been a lack of progress towards to nuclearization. there are reports a suicide car bombing in near the iraq syria border has killed at least eight people the attack targeted a checkpoint jointly manned by the iraqi army and allied she of fighters several people have also been injured colombia and peru have a great to set up a joint database of venezuelan migrants the announcement was made after a two day meeting both countries are struggling to manage the rapidly growing number of venezuelans crossing their borders are fleeing a deepening political economic crisis at home according to the u.n. more than two million people have fled venezuela since two thousand and fourteen those are the headlines keep it here inside story is next. china is keen to
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win friends and influence you need oil rich middle east this is part of the wrong turn land of china to secure its resources for the future of said sub-saharan region as a whole dow is expected to grow we bring you the stories that are shaping the economic world we live in counting the cost on ounces zero. how why it is the rest between europe and the united states the french president says the white house is undermining transatlantic relations and europe may have to defend itself can europe live without the us this is the inside story. i don't welcome to the program on it is a product with friends like donald trump who needs enemies that was the reaction
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from european council chief donald tusk when the us president with a juror from the iran nuclear deal and re-impose sanctions well you leaders want to save the nuclear deal and a multi billion dollar business contracts but european companies to u.s. demands by pulling out of iran including british airways and air france which aground and flights to that's despite revised e.u. legislation called blocking statute it's aimed at nullifying u.s. legal action against european firms which defied u.s. sanctions on iran and the e.u. agreed to twenty one million dollars in aid to iran to help offset the impact of sanctions now germany's foreign minister has called for independent payment channels to be created which would avoid u.s. sanctions and a newspaper article hike i ma said it's indispensable that we strengthen european autonomy by creating payment channels that are independent of the united states also creating a european monetary fund and dependents swift first so you. yes sanctions are back
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in force and the situation itself strategic importance that we clearly tell washington we want to work together but we will not let you act over our heads and the french president has criticized donald trump emanuel mack hong said europe's historical partner seems to turn his back on this common history you know minuscule . the first threat which is a burden on our shared wellbeing is a crisis of multilateralism. multi-layers one is in fact is going through a major crisis which is striking all of our diplomatic relationships above all because of the new american policy and everything but on this of what the real question is not so much if i will be known by the arm during the next summit but how we will collectively get to grips with this moment of great transformation we're going through and to which all of our societies are confronted with. well
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let's bring in our panel now joining us from berlin as the last and bennett the director of the global public policy institute and harvard katherine clutha ashboro executive director of future of diplomacy project at harvard kennedy school and in brussels via skype is daniel cross he's the director of the center for european policy studies a very warm welcome to all of you mr bennett let me start with you and learn and your foreign minister is all paid away here vote making plans for a new world order are europe and the u.s. on a collision course here. not necessarily but in the course of readjustment we find ourselves in a fundamentally new situation with the us germany used to have the best deal of all us would take care of our security we can compete economically and to disagree politically now the trump administration has served us our vulnerability is on a silver platter the security guarantees are no longer secure and the u.s.
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is going against the very institutions it helped to create that are dear to germany and the atlantic alliance and they're also going against one of the biggest achievements of european diplomacy the iran deal and here europe is saying we need to invest in our own strategic autonomy financial autonomy that's what mr moss was talking about in this particular piece is one part of the puzzle i want to talk more about the financial autonomy because the iran nuclear deal as you said is so important to us diplomatically mr cross let me bring you in now this alternative payment system to the dominant swiss we have heard from others not just high claim os that the european commission has been developing a parallel system to swift which would allow iran to interact with the european financial systems how viable is this. i don't think we can build
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up as special payments as just for one a country. which after all is of very limited economic and financial importance actually when we talk about him and says you should look at that the dominant global game and system is lift which is europe so european company that is under the jurisdiction of the european commission therefore so in this sense it's wrong to say that we need a new european immense oh no global payments is to derive rather the united states donna what we need is different and actual markets so that we wouldn't need our european companies to live in the united states or to have lots of theories this u.s. financial markets that's the real problem not so much the pure payment system mysql of ashbrook let's me let me bring you and now the financials that of markets in arrangements that mr grass is talking about wouldn't that be even more difficult to
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establish than an alternative payment system to swift i mean what do you make of these alternatives that are being proposed to counteract u.s. sanctions. i think a critical component here is timing you can have many thoughts and sketch out many plans on your sketchbook whether it's in brussels or in any of the national capitals the problem here the main problem both on the defense side which my colleague tolson bennett mentioned implicitly in terms of putting up a robust defense if you will a robust response to american actions in the world that is going to be as difficult to do quickly as it is to build essentially a new financial transaction system or a financial transaction system that would undercut the predominance of the dollar in the financial markets and to figure out how long that would take i think we're talking clearly about decades from now for that to be as impactful as the system we
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have now so that would be a system that in some respects would long outlive this administration and then european governments would have to decide how tactical and how strategic that kind of investment would really be to them or whether it's worse investing in critical negotiations with partners and trying to work with the practical realities that exist on the ground right now mr bennett do you think this is thinking actually more long to him or long to than just counteract and the u.s. sanctions. yeah the iran sanctions are just a trigger and europe is well aware that they won't likely won't pull this off until november when it would need to be in place to salvage the iran deal for salvaging the iran diaz thing we very much have to rely on china providing a lifeline to iran by increasing our securing the oil oil exports and also using an
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independent payment systems that the chinese have but clearly this is triggered a rethink in europe actually a rethink that was predicted by u.s. secretary treasury secretary jack lew during the obama administration he said like he warned of sanctions overreach i do think that this weaponize ing of interdependency and choke points and swift is one swift maybe a european institution but it's at the mercy of of american pressure and we've seen that many times with regard to iran that's why it is indeed important for europe to develop these alternative payment channels the u.s. will certainly try to prevent this by playing divide and rule mr moss himself as the devil is in a thousand details this is something you announce once and then you quietly go about trying to pull this off this will be very hard to pull this off but to it's worth trying well in the meantime we do have something that is in place which is
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the blocking statute to nullify us legal action against european fans doing business with iran must across is the statute affective and how many european businesses you know will into risk to continue doing business with iran and still face u.s. sanctions we've had the french oil giant total pull out as we mentioned russia a ways and also if france will stop flying soon iran soon and these just a few examples. it is quite clear that no large no important you are in company who are risky us i'm trans just for a number of small deals in iran iran is so marginal for european exporters and when they may actually calculate that maybe they gave us sanctions per haps offset to some extent by the euro in blocking stat europe but that is never one
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hundred percent certain so i think this european blocking statute very limited effectiveness for large companies it might have some as unease in europe who have no or little business in ited states and then might continue to a business but that is fairly not the important point of this is a lot of. what my colleagues say that you're a peer should be thinking long term and should develop its own autonomous capacity thomas capacities mr maher says point to that direction i think we have heard that before i do not really expect to see a lot of actually following these these promises and these ideas because the real the problems of europe lay elsewhere and the political capital is just not there to develop these capacities so let's then foreign out of this discussion because europe and the u.s. have differences on a number of other major issues the trumpet administration impose tariffs on steel
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an atom many m m ports from a range of countries in march that responded with countermeasures donald trump criticize europe's more open immigration measures and contrast to his zero tolerance policies the u.s. withdrew from the twenty fifth in paris climbed to meet agreement last year what share the head of the e.u. council donald tusk described as a mistake and trampas criticize nato members for not contradicting enough to fund the transatlantic military alliance. mysql of ashbrook let me come to you so with all those differences you know now out in the open have donald trump's isolationist policies i think mr mack can call them aggressive isolationism finally taken their toll on european leaders and now leading to policymaking. well i wouldn't say taking their toll we see this i see this is
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a continuation of outside forces really pushing the european union pushing individual member states to rethink their priorities we have a situation with the mosque each falls into plenty of speeches that were made along the lines of the european union really having to focus its energies on defense policies on critical policies that underpin the european value system not least the points that you've already mentioned around the paris climate accord and the validity of international institutions like the w.t. oh so you mention president my call he gave a speech number of months ago that was immediately where he stressed the importance of european defense independence and that was immediately followed and buffeted by the german chancellor so in some respects this speech by michael moss follows a specific tradition almost now and rethinking rethinking what europeans can
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do and what we need to see now is rapid and focused action in some of these areas and there i share my colleagues skepticism that we can do this quickly enough to tackle the plethora of changes that are and challenges that are confronting the european union at the same time you say rapid action which is something that the french president emmanuel maxwell repeated on monday he said you know he actually called this a crisis moment for global multilateralism nationalism he also said that the post-school western domination wound ones and danger mr bennett is it and if you know the sort of urgent action that he's calling for in terms of defense because he's saying that you can no longer depend on the u.s. for defense well what does that mean and what does that mean from nato. mr mas has four elements to his strategy and i think they're all very cool headed one in that response to the mark on point on capabilities is to finally invest in our
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own capabilities germany has been falling short on on that especially on the military front for a for a while now and we need reading need to shape up that's the that's the first element and response to also what mr macaws saying the second is to have a counterbalance to the us soft balancing if you will where they cross red lines or do things that really harm european interests that means this financial autonomy that we've been talking about technological a top autonomy in some issues is also part of the puzzle the third is and that comes to your multilateralism point mr mr mccaw has talked about new alliances mr moss has been a little bit more specific he called foreign airlines of multilateral lists he teamed up with canada with japan other middle powers who are committed to multilateralism who are you know shocked by the america for a strategy that the u.s.
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trump is mish administration is going against the very institutions that it helped create in the donda riding european prosperity that's of course an uphill battle but it's something worth trying and the fourth element of this atlantic strategy or america policy of mr mas is renewed in gage mint with the broader american public the trump interim administration doesn't represent the whole of america and he has repeatedly said that in the greatest game of things in the us we still have the best shot at having an ally out outside europe china and russia are even less so benign head to months in their own ways and not at all partners that could make up for the old role of the us mr goss what do you make of everything you hear and can europe sort of forge ahead with these new agreements you know new alliances in
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everything from financial markets to defense. the short answer would be europe could do it the means are there economically financially and even more the military side but i must say i doubt that the political will exists. we have all these speeches but when these politicians go on and men they have to find majorities in their own domestic parliaments draw create a european army or to create a european payment system the if people just want one of them in germany itself there's a very great resistance to increase expenditure on defense even a little bit of that on german public finances i'm great shape so i would say yes europe should do it. but i very much doubt it will be done miss clode ashbrook what
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do you make of that these countries despite you know what we hear from specially from mrs merkel and mr mccann are they actually lacking the political will the public support to create a new world order. i would disagree with my colleague daniel gross a little bit we have seen over the summer some very market debates particularly in the public on things like defense spending and the future of german defense policy there's been a very nuanced debate on whether germany might have to consider getting a nuclear weapon now that see united states is retreating from the security architecture in europe now that came out to on the side of a clearly of no but what we're seeing in a lot of the. a lot of the questions that have been put to the german public that the german public is actually ahead of its political class they see that it could be important to invest more in german and in european defense spending they're very
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aware now after a prolonged debate within the german press and within the german media of of the need for an integrated european defense policy so i think there is some movement there but again i would point to the fact that that movement might not be quick enough to tackle all the challenges that the european union faces from the south and from the east particularly the migration question but also an ever more aggressive russia russia announced today that they will stage large military exercises in the coming months and that is something that the european union needs to find answers for and it needs to find those answers quickly and european unity is the schools the big question mr bennett let me put something to you we had the nato secretary general jens stoltenberg saying earlier this year that he's worried about the serious differences between europe and the u.s. and some of the wills most important issues is one of the sort of big problems hid
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that. sort of uncharted territory when it comes to differences between europe and the u.s. . as i said in the mean we've always had differences over the iraq war previously the suez crisis and how we had such big differences on sunday made them different issues no it we haven't what we haven't had to before is the fundamental doll it's about the by ability of the alliance arrangement that's why europe needs to hedge that's why europe needs to have a plan b. those doubts and the need for the plan for plan b. come at the worst possible moment because europe is beseeched by anti liberal forces also from with from within and by and anti-liberal author terry and powers russia and china from without so it's a very precarious moment but europe doesn't have any other choice i agree with mr
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goss that of course it's easy to say you're going to pull this off because there's so many countervailing forces but those politicians who believe in europe and to believe that even a big country like germany is no longer enough sufficient to hold its own in this kind of tumultuous world they need to kind of invest to try to convince the public and make the most off this situation that in terms of the turmoil is is indeed unprecedented and should they use you know the issue of iran to come together and stand up to the u.s. on this list of us all going to you. i don't think iran will make them much. effect or will have much effect on european public opinion. and this stronger. support for european unity and action comes actually from putin
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from trump himself by questioning the value of the alliance to some extent by the military will turn out go on so the more people in europe a cvs that they're surrounded by very unstable regimes unstable states the more of course the likely order increase that something will be done so to this extent actually we're trying to storing might have some bush beneficial impact but as a colleague said we're europe would quickly enough and the greatest danger i see that somebody in the outside miscalculates and things that somehow europe is sort this way united that a foreign power can take advantage of it in this kind of ashbrook even if they can't do it quickly enough europe can't also afford to just. wait it out the stumps from presidency can they. no and i think you've seen cohesive action at least you
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know for the european union large steps they agreed last year on particularly in the defense dimension on what they call permanent structured cooperation the european union is working with nato to define in which areas the european union could have strategic autonomy mr maass added to his op ed if you will yesterday in his speech to the collected diplomats of germany that he is vested it also creating a civilian for so to enhance civil military cooperation so there are different areas in which the european union has the legal way both legally and politically to do more it needs to figure out very clearly its relationship with nato and it cannot sit out what the trumpet ministration plans to do in fact we have known since the beginning of the tram campaign that one of the goals of mr trump himself and some few people within his administration to pick european european union apart
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strategically because then that would allow him to negotiate with in ideally that's what he believes none of that is true and under european law but to negotiate individually with european countries is that there is what he fareed is a streak in the u.s. administration and yes mr bennett i'm going to needs to the european union i'm going to give mr vedder the last would this clip ashleigh because we don't have very long left the can the european union remain united against this trump presidency do you think it is not united on on a number of issues for example the north stream dealing with russia there are divisions already and the administration if it's a wants can play divide and rule very effective the europe that's why countries like germany france really need to invest very hard in maintaining european unity
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there are no. of pills are probably have to swallow as germany or along the way that means we cannot go against the liberalism domestically of poland hungary as forcefully as we would like to if we want to keep for example bawling and hungry in the board in confrontations with china and. and the us and russia saw it's a tricky situation but we have to keep trying mr bennett thank you very much i will have to end all that somewhat positive note that is thoughts and banned in berlin and catherine clutha ashbrook and harvard and daniel gross and brussels and frank you too for watching you can see the program again any time by visiting our website al-jazeera dot com and for further discussion do go to our facebook page that's facebook dot com forward slash a.j. inside story you can also join the conversation on twitter handle this at a.j. and sad story for me elizabeth for on i'm in the whole team here by finance.
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when you're from a neighborhood known as a hotbed of radicalism. you have to fight to defy stereotypes. but in the minute english i'm joined the stories we don't often hear told by the people who live them in all measuring one when they. will be given survived the initial. sound of the box us this is europe. on al-jazeera the latest news as it breaks these thirty american be holding on for this right as they watch the bugs for about an hour to haul off in that direction with detailed coverage left in america never before seen such as factoring in number of refugees leaving one country from around the world the project raised questions right from
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a very stark that this entrance cost two hundred thousand dollars to build. optimism has faded. blue counties elected leaders a divided tension grows as fears that a crackdown is imminent the targets the activists who fought for democracy divide and conquer hot hot hot five of a six part series filmed over five years. who can china's democracy experiment on al-jazeera.
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al-jazeera. where every. i'm. not you. know some of it i like. time for accountability over the russians or crisis a report alleging genocide and me and mark goes before the u.n. security council. i'm richelle carey this is al jazeera live from doha also ahead challenging the sanctions iran puts its case against the u.s. push for isolation. losing their homes and missing out on education the warren
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report of fact about the effect on millions of refugee children. and i think google is really think it is then if you've a lot of people and i think that's a good serious thing to agree serious george why a google search on the u.s. president could be bad news for the web giant and social media. to me i'm our government is calling them false allegations but international pressure is growing for myanmar as military leaders to be prosecuted for genocide of the room at least ten thousand were killed and around three quarters of a million of the muslim minority fled the army offensive which began a year ago the u.n. secretary general said there had been horrendous persecution as the security council debated mass killing in gang great details by investigators mike hanna has more from the united nations headquarters in new york. this meeting was before the
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release of the un report but it was the subject of discussion at many of the speakers in particular as the report held that the military leaders responsible for atrocities and recommend state acted it said with genocidal intent the secretary general did not give any specific direction to the security council as to how it should proceed however it did say that the report must form the basis of its negotiations i believe these reports findings and recommendations these are of serious consideration by all relevant united nations bodies effective regional cooperation will be critical to ensure that they come to believe the mechanisms of credible transparent impartial independent and comply with myanmar's obligations and the international law but the british ambassador indicated that no immediate action is imminent she said it's likely that the report must first go to formal
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debate within the human rights council which commissioned the report in the first place before the security council takes a decision this is a report by the fact finding mission it will go in september for formal debate in the human rights council and then we hope we will debate it or deal with it in some suitable way in the security council but many members of the security council insistent that action must be taken sooner rather than later strong words from the u.s. ambassador we are now all armed with the devastating eyewitness accounts of the rohingya which lead us to the following conclusions children they be women and men. suffered unspeakable crimes the attacks were planned premeditated and coordinated the perpetrator was the burmans military and security forces. the whole
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world is watching what we will do next and if we will at the one point of agreement that the security council must act in a united manner part of the issue the problem of china it is perceived as being against immediate action based on the un report earlier the chinese foreign ministry issued a statement saying that myanmar does not cope well with pressure. the champs in this at cox as bizarre and bangladesh for many russia hengist fled after last year's violence. there and activists that we've been speaking with are certainly glad to hear that calls within the united nations action must be taken to protect the ranger community are getting louder but they're also telling me that that's not nearly enough in the last few days to mark the first year anniversary of the brutal crackdown that took place in rock kind state in myanmar last august there were
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these huge demonstrations that happened here includes a prolonged camp which is home to the largest refugee settlement in the world in those demonstrations we saw thousands of rodin jim in and women young and old coming out to demand the international community do more to protect and they were demanding that the international criminal court prosecute members of myanmar's military for crimes of genocide perpetrated against them in fact the remainder of the participated in those demonstrations called that day genocide remembrance day and that was two days before the release of the u.n. fact finding mission report which was calling on on members of myanmar's military to be prosecuted for crimes of genocide so what we're still seeing is a real frustration from the ranger community that the international community has not yet done enough they feel that perhaps things now are on the verge that that might change but still much more needs to be done now want to activists that i was
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speaking with. olaf he's the head of one of the really hinge alleged human rights groups here in the camp he said to me the genocide had been perpetrated against the regime just for decades the difference now is that it's only now that the international community has really woken up to that reality the us has defended its support for the saudi. coalition fighting in yemen after a un report said all sides in the conflict may have committed war crimes and blame saudi air strikes for most of the deaths but the report also points to rampant sexual violence recruitment of child soldiers and attacks by who the rebels stacey is a former state department official who served in the obama administration he says the increasing number of civilian deaths has forced the u.s. to tone down its support for the saudi that coalition well it shouldn't be surprised that at this point in the conflict both the u.k.
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the us are beginning to have some serious concerns that they're actually very publicly in a slightly new way of course speaking privately to the saudis and the iraqis for some time these concerns have been expressed force these are strong allies of in the gulf and in the west's with each other and across these regions and they have been for years and of course the u.k. and the u.s. support their intelligence logistics weapons and things have been in place for some time but what the u.s. and the u.k. can no longer continue to support is the ongoing full of civilian deaths and human rights violations which of course is happening on both sides but i think what we're hearing both from secretary mess and from the u.k. as well is that the modest unconditional support for this at least publicly is now changed to modest conditional support for the time the lawyers representing iran in the u.s. are at the international court of justice for
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a third day of hearings for tehran is challenging washington's sanctions iran says it's the victim of economic strangulation and argues the sanctions violate a french treaty that the sides signed back in one nine hundred fifty five the u.s. argues the court has no jurisdiction to even hear the case lawrence lee is following this case at the hague. for the iranians the task at hand is to try to answer the very serious points that the u.s. side made on choose day first of all you know the u.s. said well look you the iranians say we're guilty of unfriendly behavior under the terms of a treaty nine hundred fifty five a what about you iran since the islamic revolution of the taking of american hostages and support for the syrian government and his ball or an attack on israel in this sort of thing here i can you accuse us of being unfriendly and they also accuse the iranians of deliberately mixing up political and legal things because the americans said the iranian complaint isn't
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a legal one and only it's a political ad complaints about the u.s. pulling out of the nuclear deal and re-imposing sanctions and therefore as you say they argue the court has no jurisdiction over all this it looks i think to most dispassionate observers that it's a pretty uphill battle for the iranian side in all these and a lot of people think that there's a degree of posturing really and that the iranians are trying to use this not so much that they think they're going to win this is sourly but to try to convince their own people for domestic consumption that the not taking sanctions lying down a suicide car bombing in our crime near the iraq syria border has killed at least seven people the attack targeted a checkpoint which was jointly manned by the iraqi army and allied shia fighters several people were also injured. millions of refugee children are not missing are missing out on an education rather in the us refugee agency is warning the number is rising it is found that around four million refugee children did not attend
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school last year that's an increase of five hundred thousand and just twelve months only sixty one percent of refugee children went to primary school compared to ninety two percent of children globally and as they get older this gap grows nearly two thirds of refugee children who go to primary school do not make it to secondary school just live on riley is head of education policy and advocacy with save the children he joins us from london we appreciate your time so much so what is the we'll get to the societal impact as a whole but what is the impact on a child who is already traumatized also not having the structure of an education well as you sign these children have played off our marriage crimes earlier in your book to read about some of their hindu children as they did me in ma your many children are very green are you big country as you can imagine my rod now has come to me just huge soccer social problems. and these need to be addressed normal
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needs to be are given back to be children i mean provides a really critical why are you. hearing about kids who are getting the support they need and of course providing the home. what type of education in particular do children that have been in these situations need beyond just the basics. what they need to buy seats because these children hold up the children around the world not going to school needs to breathe and vice you can imagine that so than the chance of going to school to. men utang straight already huge hurdles but would the event they would spend their country of origin this is absolutely critical these are already under the strictest educational and world's refugees. in law in carmel middling town countries are already massive the strong we need to ensure that the education the. quality of that they are actually learning and of course that you find it given that five oceans really need to be an education that. the bridge and
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teaches and the education system provide them it's only need to accommodate that what are the broader societal impacts presently and for the future when there are milli can kill trends that are just being lost well you can imagine if we have to avoid the fire dear a lost generation non these refugee children will spend their entire career in their country refuge and so they need to be provided with an education and of course in the event back to their own function it's with a good deal of knowledge on an educated population in the event that we don't do that as minix great deal.


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