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tv   The Price of Oslo P1  Al Jazeera  September 21, 2018 9:00am-10:01am +03

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the headlines. state media is reporting that president. is the second most powerful figure in the country and the. state's. president. sixty one
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year old had been a public security. areas which had been the focus of criticism of the nation's human rights record. a crackdown on corruption and. by the nation doesn't rely too heavily on power and exploits. he courted various international leaders from poland to iran and the last head of state to see castro before his death but vietnam's maritime disputes with china in the south china sea and its long term concerns over its northern neighbors territorial ambitions has seen it edge a little closer to the united states. signed billions of dollars worth of deals with u.s. president donald trump and pursued a trade deal after the u.s.
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pulled out of the trans-pacific partnership military cooperation with washington had also been discussed on state visits by defense secretary james mattis the goal the president is largely seen as ceremonial but posting was seen as a stepping stone to becoming the communist party chief and thus the nation's top leader. rescue operations have resumed on tanzania's lake victoria where at least forty four people died when a ferry sank near ok island on thursday estimates suggest hundreds of people were on board the boat when it capsized ferry services operator says it's hard to know the exact number because the person dispensing tickets is among the dead. e.u. leaders have told britain's prime minister that time is running out to agree on a bracks a deal the warning came on the final day of an e.u. summit in salzburg with just six months to go before bush leaves the e.u. european council president all of. this unworkable may insert the checkers
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as the only one on the table meanwhile the e.u. is considering turning to egypt to help solve its migration crisis austria's chancellor wants egypt to help prevent refugees and migrants from leaving north africa. egypt we hope for the first time a country in north africa that is willing to intensify talks with the european union egypt has proven that it can be efficient since two thousand and sixteen it is managed. and when. it took them back. ugandan pop star turned politician bobby wan has returned home after receiving medical treatment in the u.s. for injuries he says he suffered while in ugandan police custody hundreds of supporters gathered outside his home in kampala while says he will keep fighting the government the government the dummy to keep us safe live in our own country from as i say lump in your way i mean you look at me down down.
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down and then we write my regards and i'll get that freedom and if i don't get that freedom in my life and that's why they actually get the freedom that the south. the u.s. has called on turkey to release a former nasa scientists who was arrested after the failed coup and twenty sixteen second gold who was accused of having links to the us based cleric that the good for turkey blames for the attempted coup was arrested in his home city of atlanta and later sentenced to seven years in prison on wednesday a court reduced that sentence to five years. those are the headlines on the al-jazeera law carl will have more headlines for you in just under thirty minutes coming up next though as al-jazeera world.
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twenty five years ago a prospect for peace in the middle east after decades of conflict between palestinians and israelis. this two part film tells the story of secret negotiations in the political shadows. a story of the search for common
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ground in the midst of a region in constant turmoil. and at the center of it all an unlikely mediator leads in gentlemen this excellent see your hand vault minister of foreign affairs of norway the scandinavian country of norway minister of foreign affairs of egypt the honorable lake assistant to the president for national security a bad. thank you. letter salute also today the government of norway for its remarkable role in order to listen. thank. september one thousand nine hundred three. israeli prime minister yitzhak rabin and palestinian leader yasser arafat shake hands. hopes were high that peace between israelis and palestinians would finally come to the middle
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. but two decades on such a peace remains as elusive as ever. let me a problem that can be in the lead in states where they can meet their will if this thing the most business wanted to see it but a scene is taking gaza and then israeli palestinian jordanian condominium in the west bank it is not possible for a swell like in a way to play a symmetric world it has to be a role according to its rules rules only game president of the signing ceremony was former u.s. secretary of state henry kissinger chief architect of the peace between egypt and israel. kissinger's approach was to make only small demands and to build from there . arafat's picked up on
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a step by step strategy and as early as nine hundred seventy four his palestinian liberation organization approved a plan to aim for a foothold in the region administered by a palestinian authority rather than historic palestine. in the same year the arab league summit has officially designated the p.l.o. as the sole representative of the palestinian people. that he or she and they want to show this link. in the uk a menagerie. that i mean. now jesse. can we do some what. a mother would someone who has. met the. military. in one nine hundred seventy four arafat known to his colleagues as address the united nations
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for the palestinians and for the p.l.o. the event represented recognition for the palestinian struggle never heard him or not said but when hamilton. and. the if he lost the. eight at in all my mean that he did the p.l.o. game stature of the un but it continued to reject security council resolutions two forty two and three three eight. the resolutions demanded that israel withdraw within what was called secure and recognized borders. but they did not precisely require israel to withdraw to all land into occupied before the six day war in one thousand nine hundred sixty seven. about said. if they go shared by the. security council resolution to put to work. they would
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strongly oppose any of these two resolutions one the framework for the one nine hundred seventy eight camp david accords of. the accords called not for a palestinian state but for what was termed palestinian autonomy. that big of some use have also look for the hokum that e.l.o. for listening while some of them for that the bit like him what courtroom them to sleep eat. in the u.n. and went to the walked. and i hope that the new york i love you so forget the forward feeling in the un and philistine ag and the economy that from its stronghold in south lebanon in one nine hundred seventy seven the p.l.o. decided to explore the possibility of torques with israel. in. one
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month he said what do you think war can feed. me be a do with. there were two. palestinian president mahmoud abbas says in his book the secret channels that this dialogue was with the israeli forces that supported peace and with the sephardic jews. in march one nine hundred seventy eight israel invaded south lebanon. the united nations responded by deploying a peacekeeping force into south lebanon. known as unifil part of this force was made up of norwegian troops i had this in the first time. as part as
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as a norwegian so into. visiting the uni field forces in lebanon. i came with friends through israel then ask about i wish he had been to go in dhaka said it would rest now stuck in east. it is not revoked at all not all the harder to get a foot if in silicon if it offers just didn't get it but all politicians can get a lesson darted off for shifting in london opposite and sealing in a heated. nor the. contribution did approximately one thousand soldiers and the course and security of those soldiers was a very important cause to us even to yvonne of the first base that call this stablish what it describes at the time as the king kong contacts needed p.l.o. in that contexts mystic nutrient live in the. minister of foreign affairs to the
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assault but it was the deputy minister state secretary he followed the situation very close at the time know all this of fred though that's the death think if. what makes as we in the this. is. when it comes to. the candidate who has been a uni been two years be the leader in all. of our viewers have also seen. some of them in in all the little colonel bishop here as well surveyed. and that was. the level of sublimity list of well for us to mean. as you near. let me share. a more club in norway was more supportive. than many of the others
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and i think. any of the other european states on that there are several reasons one of the most important. and the mention the labor party and the rich and trade union there is for this state for all our socialist experiment. almost social democratic. like the one we have in no way. in the late one nine hundred seventy s. there was a common bond of socialist ideology between noise labor party and its namesake in israel. one of the key players in this special relationship was a prominent labor party member of norway's parliament johan you're going holst mr holst. person at the political level to me.
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the minister. or the minister of the feds. he came to be a roots. in july i think it was in seventy nine he made it. and they offer a lot of hot then why did the whole group. very pleasant did that mr holst's had very close contact. and that it's that aspect of mr hall smith even more interesting to me that out of. interest in ordinary was that he already called things he said. that in the us a little prick does run up on me i don't mean i mean it doesn't conflict that i've almost just a couple in. the group and.
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i would just say it was our own losses atomically let you can do and i was with one . you know massaro were to him removed would defeat look now. in one thousand nine hundred seventy nine the shah of iran fled into exile. israel lost an hour and a major oil supplier. the united states asked no way to guarantee to sell its north sea oil to israel concerned about repercussions for its un troops in lebanon norway scented steeply matts hands long to seek assurances from arafat mr arafat's. defecting on the phone if you split seconds he said i would have no what gyptian. to such an obvious and good t. to me he said on one condition when i need this secret back channel three said
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you provided. yasser arafat wanted the norwegians to act as intermediary between himself and israel and the regions in the region government were just shocked to hear the message coming back from our of so probably lived in seventy nine. every year from there you know michel tried to step up a secret actual between the p.l.o. and israel but israel absolutely not willing at all to listen to anything other than the region could come up with from are up on appeal. in one nine hundred eighty two the p.l.o. lost its base in lebanon. palestinian fighters were forced to depart following the israeli invasion of
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lebanon three months. before. a u.s. brokered deal that led to arafat and his entourage moving to tunisia it was. an imitation from to my previous foreign minister and threw it in and. been defense minister. when the nine going to. new year's eve without effort in tunis. out of all stirs. help him getting. the mean p.l.o. and part. time.
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a member of the assembly of this of the list in. turn to be. a strong interest in the solar system and nothing for trying to contribute to normalization of. the relationship between in the us to help with his charm offensive arafat turned to senior p.l.o. member exams the time to act as his main go between are not fought point the doctor. he came to visit me because i said this from. very good impression of him i believe that the p.l.o. has been to give it just achievement of our suffering people i believe that is the
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most needed. and then we should meet in a would be pharaoh there was the source in the national assembly meeting in portugal and there were some shooting so the. first dog in the lobby. and. this. is some sort of lay where he'd been killed by a lone gunman who pumped five shots into his chest it has never been clearly verified who did the assassination of the tawi but the motive appears to be because he was talking to the israelis on arafat's behalf got the call so that we. he did so we take against the stream in face of great objection and danger.
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i referred to continued a double game on the one hand seeking discreet diplomatic channels to israel via the norwegians while on the other hand publicly maintaining a revolutionary rhetoric. was i was going through your i was forty three i was at the wal-mart and they had a fit but with the year the hoodoo dish to stall to but that did. in the end the. that can be death cool if. you know store. and don't walk in them it is there's been no man who's been there when he's. any. never been there i was the come over why didn't the one about to work that. out of it. can you be mad what this to me that. is bad must
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and i'm still to it twenty years on torvald stoltenberg will not betray the secrecy of conversations between the p.l.o. and israel we tried to prepare for. but in the. labor party we started there we would very much try. home where the people from the israeli labor party that you were contacting mr shimon peres. promised never to. you know i only. part. is not coming from what i say from all the things i didn't say. in the mid eighty's the labor party in israel formed
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a coalition government with the. party should mean i gave a nod and a wink member. to hold secret talks with palestinian politician is allowed husseini in jerusalem. discussion centered on p.l.o. recognition of israel autonomy on the west bank and a federal relationship with jordan. the so-called arab husseini plan became a model for the subsequent oslo accords years later. course all that was soon to offer by the outbreak of the first intifada. the palestinian uprising which took both israel and the p.l.o. by surprise. and. just the sight of them to be a ruler. and all but they asked was there
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a lot of promise. to you well when demand. and when that many. yes cut off palestinian boys throwing stones against is raid tanks. this david and goliath contest but the israelis under great pressure time is now of the essence. in an exclusive for al jazeera the norwegian foreign ministry has released highly confidential documents that include a nine hundred eighty eight hand delivered letter from foreign minister stoltenberg to israeli foreign minister peres stoltenberg wrote that only by relieving itself of the burden of the occupied territories can israel succeed and prosper. without broke with and. that there were there miles that all the critics up through
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for through and through through and through. come with then you're going to play whatever. the minute the many and if you have been for this believe you i'm that zeph the. most fun. that can feel welcome again to you has had a lot of cute and you know cool national know i got out of it they know what they know about a very that's good to do they live in a state i'm not doubting. sophie the i am not dumb or not that's just being. you know the wife of the other one of them look at the how do you i let me begin with you know how to be in the livia's to hire. one of the saudi if you know the
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field while they're shut up. for of the philistine me cept i want united nations editions thank you ditto for it and the international derek. again it's intermission in here which. robin in which the mad only let the cannibal cop down well more than the not so much to have here come of them might have had the weather value family if they did in one thousand nine hundred eighty eight sweden mediated between the p.l.o. and the united states a public meeting was held in stockholm. but even if you know parliament if you. accepted it. it's by a spirit and you will stay between it is that. in his speech to the u.n. general assembly in geneva in one thousand nine hundred eighty eight arafat
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formally condemned terrorism. geneive. the muslim america nor. was it. a happy don't you be genie. obama. i mean you. would feel. this move a little to you or. bill english. but. for some. unknown. for. as ford did it is. i don't have it. yesterday in no uncertain database. and yet
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i repeat for the record. i repeat for the record. that we do it teddy and absolutely you know it's. all. done it is. all of these ideas. including and arafat had accepted the israeli state to start negotiations. in war he decides the rules of engagement. when a skill permitted competence known competence says you need to see both surveillance. officer times two to four in croatia to confront a decision coming to your system moment massacre.
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the witness documentary. when people need to be heard. but he's been refugio most all his life it's not. short and the story needs to be told to do stories that have passed. i testified in the court of law to make sure that the bad guys that al-jazeera has teams on the ground to a new documentaries and live news on air and on the. the russian orthodox church has deep pockets and we're up with the expansion. grip on power with some elevating the former k.g.b. officer saying to president putin is our leader that given to our good people in power investigates how often it's attempted elimination by the soviet union religion has returned to the hall to the russian state the orthodox connection on
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al-jazeera. have caught and i have the top stories on al-jazeera say media in vietnam a reporting that president has died at the age of sixty one vietnam news agency says he passed away as a military hospital was the second most powerful figure in the country as the frontrunner to take over as general secretary of the communist party rescue operations have resumed on lake victoria in tanzania where at least forty four people have died and a ferry sinking estimates suggest hundreds of people were aboard the boat when it capsized the number of dead is expected to rise. even told britain's prime minister
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that time is running out to agree on a brics it deal the warning came on the final day of an e.u. summit in salzburg with just six months to go before britain leaves the e.u. european council president says joey's amaze proposal is workable but may insists the check his plan is the only one on the table. meanwhile the european union is considering to turn to turn to egypt to help solve its migration crisis the subject has deeply divided the block and was among the main issues that salzburg austria chancellor wants egypt to help prevent refugees and migrants from leaving north africa ugandan pop star turned politician bobby wine has returned home after receiving medical treatment in the us for injuries he says he suffered last in ugandan police custody hundreds of supporters gathered outside his home and come paula why him says he'll keep fighting the government. big government determined to keep us slaves in our own country front of us asylum in us some of you
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look at me don't don't think you're right and there we are right my freedom and i will get that freedom and if i don't get that freedom in my life and just make sure that you get the freedom that the south. and the u.s. has called on turkey to release a former nasa scientist who was arrested after the failed coup in two thousand and sixteen say can go joe was accused of having links to the u.s. based cleric fatah the glen in turkey blames for the attempted coup was arrested in his home city of adarna and later sentenced to seven years in prison on wednesday a turkish court reduced that to five years as i had learned so we're back with more news after we get you back to out of their world.
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for the record in december one thousand nine hundred eighty eight.
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and publicly renounced violence. all. over the years had discreetly been talking to the. with arafat's renouncing violence norway was now ready to pay him an official visit at the p.l.o. headquarters yunus so this will move along two groups. or they are both just in tool to very little. to screw all the sunnis all to school. they will be. the first time. the reason for them in the p.l.o. it was definitely a successful visit because it was a breakthrough who faces. the same foreign minister told of. the father of the prime minister on the way today. on
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a mission to arafat's in tunis in nineteen eighty nine. i thought a thing that hard. part and no one knew about the norwegians worked with arafat on creating a channel of communication between the p.l.o. and the israel. from public scrutiny. it's the first time in a big splendor of he saw. facts. being established and the idea of using out of each little search institution was the idea of the sea of awful it which. during that. they had plowed or decided which research institute in no way up they they i agree it would be a good cover and they also agreed that. no mention minister of foreign
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affairs should pay for it all that was also read in the document. fofo was a think tank in all slue founded by the trade unions and connected to noise labor party it was chosen by the norwegian foreign minister as the perfect host for secret talks between israelis and palestinians it's direct. he would go on to become a key figure in the negotiations that led to the oslo accords. with funding from the norwegian foreign ministry in one thousand nine hundred ninety five who started to undertake research in the middle east its first study to examine the living conditions in the occupied west bank and gaza strip. the living conditions of young people growing up under the intifada what kind of
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effect on them. maybe more on the sort of mental psychological effect of growing up in such. a wild and. and why meant but then it was more a social context it turned out to because because that was sort of the speciality. of half or so with it it turned up to be a little more on the sort of yeah more socio economic. i mean unemployment at all these kinds of indicators of social economic life so who were the researchers that worked on this project from norway yeah they're very aware there were many. one of them that sort of us heading. that service down the hay bag who was the wife of. if he wasn't at the time that he later became the
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foreign minister you on the other holes. i was i was working in this sort of what they call their the foreign ministers cabinet or the secretariat has been was with facile. leg and lost a state secretary more now you know and i had studied political science in the university we had been skiing together we had been to. university camps together and her husband tailored laws and i also knew from his work as an academic and his work in creation of farfel the trade union think tank so these were my friends when i became already when i became. deputy of starting a book in the ministry of foreign affairs is often difficult for foreigners to understand. very very small country the labor party has rule of law for the
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most of the post war period so you have collections you are all probably is married together within the labor party. sometimes call it a royal labor party because they are like a dynasty. this was very tight knit foreign minister stoltenberg appointed yun agle and as his deputy. and as a legal secretary she was married to terry a rod lawson the director of faffing. stoltenberg sister in law was marianne hi bird who worked in far from she was married to defense minister you hundred holes this made holes and the foreign minister stoltenberg brothers in law holds to him self later became foreign minister this extended political family became the norwegian team in the secret israeli p.l.o.
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talks. to use that research institutes and institutions as a front for a diplomatic effort to to facilitate peace talks between the two parties and then do that in all secrecy you are very critical about this what. i think research is in the should not usually be in that they will take two hats being roles in tel aviv another research institute was also acting as a cover for communication between the israelis and palestinians. this was the economic cooperation foundation set up by israeli labor party m p u c balan the n.g.o.s that we were leading huge that in myself and enjoy which was created earlier by bailey. we were able to go between the two sites in jerusalem and pass messages and come with ideas and even bring the two sides i'm officially together
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and the hour of an ngo i was involved with talking to the side for many years in a very informal way mainly we. will send me if from is jerusalem. with whom it was easy to talk. by nine hundred eighty nine with the palestinian intifada in its second year there were few signs of hope for peace. hundreds of palestinians had been killed and thousands detained.
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the united states under president george bush started to increase the pressure on israeli prime minister yitzhak shamir the first or so this will become for stuff to stay just the first. interview. conditions. this released. floors there full autonomy etc just such an states will be vexed and that was she a socialist result any good condition that the palestinian not ups and some other countries if they've joined they've never seen this. community plea on peace talks for their purpose they have ended told election. minister territories. democrats believe true that represent their belief. everything changed in the region when iraq invaded kuwait in one nine hundred ninety.
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the united states led a coalition of nations that retaliated against iraqi forces just two hours ago allied air forces began an attack on military targets in iraq and kuwait these attacks continue as. arafat's rejected a military solution to iraq's invasion of kuwait this proved a costly decision before the. p.l.o. to. big for that support from that have got states off to the void because of. the. support to saddam hussein that for those who support disappeared they came all it's of that. void. very very cute and i think frankly that was also
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vulnerabilities. these c.d.'s many more interested in discussing with them often they go for that beef. we of course have crops that elections for the united states of america. they lie there defend and made no secret over contacts with the piano or basically. all that it's been based it's all know it can be a little bit of a medical event yes. in the aftermath of the nine hundred ninety one gulf war the united states and the soviet union co-hosted a peace conference in the spanish capital of madrid we have an opportunity. i think a real opportunity to see. arabs arab states. sitting down face to face in direct negotiations with israel. will
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let the will do. the a because you had to show me a you. and nor one of them at the moment and where you. men are all going for this the need that the bottom of the. international. oh yeah lived. the years in the only boy in a blue with him or him in the toolbar of them philammon e.c.s. in norfolk island. the. tomorrow. men feel we're fit for this thing oh don't you must. come out as i have the whole world. a little yes about about. the israelis lay down
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a fixed negotiating position the only people were relieved in the land of israel without interruption phone nearly four thousand years. shafi led the palestinians within the joint jordanian palestinian delegation at the talks but it's the union your islam the capital of our homeland and you just find but it's been in existence was present and future the settlements must stop now. for peace is it obvious to you and territory for illegal settlement is a partial israeli policy and practice. the three day conference ended with plans for further bilateral and multilateral negotiations between israel and the arabs. documents released after the conference reveal that shamir thought madrid a success. and that james baker
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said that the us did not support an independent palestinian state. in walter fields to knew him was to him and now so far not to have that. israelis who celebrated the end of hanukkah in washington arrived five days late and attempt to make it clear to the united states that they're here on their own terms for sponsor pressure off the madrid negotiations moved to washington d.c. we sincerely feel there are ideas. fully in conformity with the framework of this process as it was made ahead and we speak with a joint journey and palestinian delegation. good evening everybody.
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we met likely in my pin the morning. they had as of delegations. we discussed the matter of procedures. and we could not three yet. and i give him an. israeli government shifted and. to the ground returned and openly declared pollution all claiming all palestinian territory is not going to see doing anything but the indian. refusing to recognize. unit you. know the can you. share feeling hard on what about and i'm not question i was the last mijo journey been a newbie can you say you keep it all this theater and is reddest ever mayor more
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and more angry about these all the. talking about stuff he said how can you have back palestine if its settlements all over so he had much more under there how much more. straightforward approach to peace. for the palestinians negotiator hider. kept the focus of his agenda on one burning issue the illegal israeli settlement construction in the occupied palestinian territories. by nine hundred ninety one the number of israeli settlers in the west bank and gaza strip exceeded one hundred thousand. of the sea or more than measured.
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up to. really decide. what. random afresh a lot of this really feel for the study in front of the us move forward a little more. but there are profound sort of i would say one of the most important messages that we got in our almost daily contacts with the show we will see in the in the say by all of the palestinian leaders if p.l.o. will not be involved they won't be any poor course and more so showing husseini very clear. showing first of all they told us something if you would like to have an agreement with a person partner can make concessions. there's only one angelus and this is the p.l.o. . as i would like to leave us here with a policy and the survey must resort with other presented over the past or present
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present of the source is the people if they disqualify the p.l.o. then they're not going to have any palestinian to talk for that washington but could do for we saw to wish to matthew ocean to work i know she might do to me the committee were for. what. we do but if it could. be moved forward artillery in. the. m l e was at the. when nearly the most on that issue if she would suggest an n. then why the move for. the p.l.o. again approached norway to open a new and secret channel with the israelis in february of one nine hundred ninety two senior p.l.o. official ahmed khurana known as abu allah travelled to oslo while
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a campus witness with the home. or shelf. managed to matter for thirty. years the man a man who was in her last thought about what they can to kill young p.l.o. starts to send signals to us here. comes that we no way could become their link to israel if israel was interested then came by some i will share if and he was even more explicit and said i am talking on directly i have a message straight from the top yasser arafat. norway should try to do this. and it has to be direct lee linked with p.l.o. to notice leadership on the minutes of their secret meeting in all slow reveal that
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bassam abu sharif told the norwegians that if there were peace the p.l.o. would influence the arab world to stop the boycott of israel. it takes two to tango we did not have the israeli side i had met. bin before he was elected on one of my missions two to his friend april one thousand nine hundred two in april one thousand two we met be in. the he came for breakfast and then wage an embassy and. we asked him what is your approach to the palace here he said i am keen to see some kind of a negotiated settlement in one thousand nine hundred ninety two the israeli labor party led by yitzhak rabin won the general election rabin continued israel's policy
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of settlement building in public he spoke optimistically of progress in the peace negotiations did will be possible to reach an agreement was the palestinian delegation about to stop the sh'ma and me be the first and most important task for a government. process. shimon peres was appointed foreign minister. you see balan here on the left was appointed his deputy and duri severe on the right there general manager. beilin was given the green light to start the secret direct negotiate. ations with the p.l.o. in no way the point about no way was because no way was out of the e.u. it head the independent foreign policy we had meetings with us in wheaties people
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and be out of many many many meetings. but very little came out of it but then started to understand much better the mindset of both parties they lean actually told the norwegians that it's good that they will make contact with his friend later i joined in order to facilitate you know the two that you know that you would have liked to n.g.o.s to non-governmental dialogue this was the we met he met. with also before i met him april and later we found a brother in a way and many things were similar to our way of thinking his wife was the head of the office of the minister is that pretty and second is the minister and the deputy were close friends of laos and all of them from the labor party or old friends mr stoltenberg was the foreign minister i knew him very well and the he was very very enthusiastic about. this thought that mitt shimon peres who was.
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minister of foreign affairs recently in new york talking of the general assembly in september.

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