tv NEWS LIVE - 30 Al Jazeera September 26, 2018 10:00am-10:34am +03
with the cycle of violence in palestine growing. the british decided to act. at james palace a conference is hoping to arrive at the solution of the adult jewish problem of palestine. after a conference in london attended by both arabs and jews the british government produced a white paper setting a limit on jewish immigration to palestine for the next five years to bring peace to be so beyond that it would be left to the arab majority to decide to the jews this was complete betrayal soon the british would feel their anger. on the twenty six the bogus one nine hundred thirty nine. and started its own war
against the british killing two offices in a bomb attack. six days later the whole world has descended into war. the era gone immediately called off its campaign. so as not to hinder britain's fight against what they called the junos greatest enemy in the world. german nazis. but within a splinter group now emerged led by a man determined to fight all. of a hamster thought that britain was a greater enemy of the jews than dotsie germany. and he wanted to
continue to fight the british during the second world war. you know order to expel them. in july nine hundred forty stern created a new militant breakaway from iran go on call there he or fighters for the freedom of israel. to the british it was simply the stern gang. the fate of falcon bernadotte would be determined by these men. they wanted the british out of the middle east the germans wanted the british out of the middle east so decided to make common cause with the nazis tried to make contact with them in istanbul the nazis weren't interested nothing came of it. it was a mixture of stupidity and fanaticism they thought that they should join the
enemy of england in order to obtain help for the girls in palestine which was just stupid they were very brave and very stupid people. in february one thousand nine hundred forty two during his arrest in tel aviv by the british. after him stand was shot dead. on the six that november one thousand nine hundred forty four left he commanded now by gets near struck back in an unexpected place. cairo. two assassins killed more and more in the british minister a resident in the middle east outside his home. it's actually. was
a terrorist and not just he but the other members. the stern gang defined themselves as terrorists and wrote that terrorism is a perfectly legitimate means for expelling the foreign occupied from the land of israel. after the end of world war two in one thousand nine hundred forty five as jewish organizations were honoring bernadotte for his work with the white buses. many of the holocaust survivors trying to enter palestine found their way barred. britain had refused to raise immigration limits set before the war. to the jews the betrayal now seemed even greater.
having won one ball britain found itself fighting and. this time against jewish militant groups. what developed was the kind of competition. the less say was the most extreme deal go. to the game in other door compete with the left. and the high god now became more extreme with other beatrice able to go and so the whole process became more extreme. violence and death ride the ancient streets of jerusalem.
terrorism here as in john fund tel aviv has been the chief outward sign of a critical situation. palestine continues to present one of the most obstinate problems of today. responding with a draconian counterinsurgency campaign the british arrested. imposing the death penalty on convicted insurgents. in response. under the command of another future israeli prime minister menachem begin bombed the king david hotel. the main base for the british administration in palestine. killing
british arabs and jews alike. by october one thousand nine hundred forty seven jewish underground groups had killed one hundred twenty seven british servicemen. and. had been inspected by his majesty's government feel enough so that in the absence of a settlement femurs family early with. british forces and the british ministry should at least. britain had washed its hands of a problem of its own making. the fate of palestine now lay with the united nations.
nearly in november one thousand nine hundred forty seven the un general assembly adopted resolution one eight one recommending that palestine be partitioned into separate arab and jewish states. to the owners of the united nations the solution to recommend partition brings while jubilation among the jewish community into rosamond tel aviv. this was the first ever international recognition of the long hoped for jewish state. but the extremists saw no cause for celebration. they thought that the jews had the absolute try to the whole of palestine. and that the borders of the drew state shouldn't be defined by any
foreign bodies like the united nations so they wanted greater israel as it existed in biblical times. in april one thousand nine hundred forty eight going to forces began a military operation to take control of arab areas assigned to the jewish state under the partition plan. extremist militias joined the effort but soon they had overstepped the mark. left that is the stern gang and you'll go in as the british call them participated in one famous atrocity which was of course called quest and massacre which occurred in the village of the area seen on the ninth of april one nine hundred forty eight when about one hundred villagers were killed most of them civilians.
and this time mandate is indeed britain is relieved of about sudan and cunningham takes leave of the troops are shown exemplary patience in a fantasy. ten weeks more required for completely with the departure of the last high commissioner of palestine the british mandate was a. at . the end of that same day in tel aviv david ben-gurion declared be establishment of the state of israel. the celebration would be short lived.
within hours the egyptian air force would bomb the capital of the newly formed stage. at the same time the armies of egypt jordan syria and iraq cross the borders into palestine. for as the maintenance of modern security and just as an urgent question which can fight in new york the united nations faced a major challenge to its power and prestige. the first arab israeli going. on the twentieth of may nineteenth forty eight the united nations named its first mediator in palestine. the man who would take on the task was count fulker bernadotte hero the white bustles. he was from the noble family he was
a relative of the king and it's thought he could deal very good with people meeting and making compromises things like that. at the end of may nine hundred forty eight bernadotte left paris for the middle east. seen off by his american born wife estelle. in a pointed to echo of the white buses campaign burna darts had his specially chartered plane painted white with the un and red cross markings. into the account but it got its cut by united nations that last hope made it is what a record at the age of eight did it rated him above suspicion of advantages of living in tel aviv is best up to his first task was to bring about
a cease fire. which needed that he went to the different capitals in kind of shuttle diplomacy. which he really invented because everybody was very impressed about his energy here that the temple we used when he was traveling around and there you can see he made all possible efforts to bring this ceasefire about. after only ten days in the middle east bernadotte scored his first success. on the ninth of june he amounts to a four week truce. if it had been a food federal politician knowing all the tricks i'm not sure he would have succeeded better because. they were surprised though this total openness he never had this diplomatic roundabouts all the time and many people say that
that was clear advantage. by the end of june after weeks of diplomacy bernadotte was finally able to unveil a new plan for peace in palestine. bernadotte was a realist and he did not want to abandon the un partition plan but he wanted to modify it to fit in with a new reality on the ground. and if you look at the map of the un partition plan it doesn't make much sense it's three jewish enclaves with kissing points and then there is the arab state which is also fragmented so basically what you wanted to do is to give the jews the whole of the galilee in the north and the coastal plain but to deprive them of the negative and to give the
negative to the arab state that there was not to be an independent palestinian state by this time the arab part of palestine was to be incorporated with france drooled and. despite there being no independent state allocated to the palestinians bernadotte proposals did include one key provision for them. the right of return for refugees expelled by force from their homes in israeli controlled areas. better than a dog as number four how can i bear no doubt proposed the right of return and he managed to obtain a un resolution that this is a humanitarian right that can't be ignored with no limits or numbers the complete and immediate right to return. and bernadotte planning
included one more provision which would outrage the israelis. in his first peace plan which i think was his biggest mistake he said that jerusalem would be inside the arab state because there was no possibility whatsoever to have that use agree to something like that. under bernadotte supplanting judaism's most holy place would come under the control of the arabs. jewish militants decided they must fight on in defense of jerusalem. the campaign against bernadotte was building and plans were soon being laid for killing accounts.
when i think of my life i think of potential when i think of what a shot i think what will be what is not i think people need to do to get. some food they come to. tell me it's impossible i think the challenge. is when a child in the country. and this is my. my my. on al-jazeera. al-jazeera. every. city hospitals to community health and to change is happening across china. and for one six year old boy there is now home. on the border you just saw is from the
countryside he came to a big hospital and experienced doctors performed the operation for him. how to care for one point four billion people china's unique challenge on the people's health on al-jazeera. hello i'm down in jordan in doha the quick remind of the top stories here on al-jazeera donald trump used his address at the u.n. general assembly to talk about his accomplishments in his two years in office he said he'd done more in that time in any of his predecessors claim that lead to laughter in the assembly but his stance of america first and isolationism was countered by a push to strengthen international ties by other world leaders. but also used his
address to level more criticisms at iran the iranian president hassan rouhani hit back when his turn came here cues the united states of waging what he called economic terrorism and failing to honor international agreements. the latte argument the government of the us at least the current administration seems determined to render all international institutions ineffectual unlawful unilateral sanctions in themselves constitute a form of economic terrorism and a breach of the right to development the economic war the us has initiated under the rubric of new sanctions not only targets the iranian people but also entails harmful repercussions for the people of other countries. the head of the i.m.f. christine lagarde says her organization is close to a deal with argentina over emergency funding the governor of the country's central bank resigned on tuesday after just three months in the job lisa caputo leaves that a time of crucial talks between president marysia mockeries government and the i.m.f.
argentina has already battered currency the peso dropped in value just after his resignation on tuesday unions held a nationwide strike to protest over the country's economic crisis. u.s. authorities arrested a chinese citizen in chicago they've charged twenty seven year old g.'s shall couldn't with spying on behalf of beijing he's accused of trying to recruit u.s. engineers scientists and defense contractors to work for the chinese government. american comedian bill cosby has been jailed for up to ten years for sexual assault he was found guilty on three counts of aggravated indecent assault in april the judge described him as a predator. and chelsea football club owner roman abramovich has failed to gain swiss residency out the police classified him as a threat to public security the russian oligarch was ruled a threat to the fears of money laundering and his connection to criminal organizations he follow the application in twenty sixteen i've been to meet the ski resort of his official well those were the headlines the news continues here al-jazeera after killing the count stage events are watching.
the greek island of rhodes. a world heritage site today it's one of the most popular tourist destinations your . roses hotel is one of the oldest on the island. in the summer of one nine hundred forty eight count folke a bunch of dogs the un's first mediator for palestine but chose in the island as his headquarters.
for the arrival of his american born wife estelle and their two sons fold and bed to ease the tension as bernadotte waited for the official response to his proposals to end the war that had broken out in palestine. after two weeks relaxing with his family. bernadotte set out on another round of shuttle diplomacy. is born one day with red cross you were for me is that there's a put this all and i put it all but i was allowed to travel with you i did they friends go. to jerusalem. but i was told to stay the course. bernadotte had come to jerusalem to meet the israeli foreign minister moshe
charrette israel's response to burn the dot's plan was a total rejection. i think they saw him as an enemy of the jewish state he was going to reduce by large measure the size of the state the jews were to have so they regarded him as pro arab basically and he was in some ways a an agent of the british government who were regarded rightly or wrongly by the israelis as anti zionist. after the failure of bernadotte first plan and with a full week troops coming to its end. fighting broke out again palestine.
three days later bernadotte accompanied by his wife estelle flew into la guardia airport in new york. city. but he wanted to impress on the security council's the urgent need for firm and decisive action. the first. action. that united nations and that. that was set up. in the second case. and. that. would have been that it's the. laid.
back in the middle east and with a second fragile truce in place bernadotte began a new round of negotiations. but securing that peace seemed impossible. like i'm sure and i share in that but often you didn't have anything definite convinced either the arabs or the israelis that he had read or thought of the order of it so there was a lot of resistance from both sides to his purported the book for the gulf up about . in mid august and exhausted bernadotte flew to sweden. he was to chair the international red cross conference and it was
a chance to see his family. he took me out for a whole day we went to see a movie enters or football and things like that and i remember afterwards to having my father for myself a whole day was a day and a fantastic thing to happen. once. before returning to the middle east he arranged to meet in paris three weeks later . for her birthday. it was a meeting he would never make. during the first two weeks of september one thousand nine hundred forty eight bernadotte spent what would prove to be the last days of his life in rhodes putting the final touches to a revised peace plan. completed on the sixteenth of september it
contained a major concession to israel jerusalem the city would no longer be under arab control it would be administered by the united nations. but this change had come to light. six days earlier in an apartment in tel aviv's ben yehuda street the commanders of leahy the stern gang had come together to seal the fate of falcon bernadotte. not ten year lemole voted against the assassination of the. doctor he said i have. voted for this us in the nation anything from the cost he's voted in favor of the assassination of the u.n.
envoy. so it was two against one that's how the decision was made. on the seventeenth of september one thousand nine hundred forty eight at ten o'clock in the morning. count full could burn a dog landed at kalandia airport north of jerusalem. shortly after his three car convoy arrived at the mandelbaum dates. the crossing points into the west and jewish part of jerusalem. waiting at the gate was a liaison officer assigned to him by the israeli government. captain moshi.
then thought account notice that mr hellman was armed with a pistol so he turned to him and said no no no no you have to get rid of that pistol give it to the other officers here you're under the protection of the un and when you're protected by the un there are no weapons. with no military escort no protection other than the u.n. flag. burning docks convoy and that jewish jerusalem. after a few hours spent visiting the former british governor's house they headed to the y.m.c.a. for the night. as they left on. a french colonel traveling with the u.n.
convoy us tilman to do him a favor. bit and i thought right away the liaison officer swapped seats in berne adults car and goes to sit in another car in the convoy care should be the move good lord daughter. and switches with colonel servo who asked for the chance to thank bernadotte for the red cross campaign that had saved his wife from a german concentration camp. so close wife had been liberated by one of the white fusses. his gratitude would cost him his life. heading towards the y.m.c.a. the three car convoy was suddenly halted.
an army jeep pulled out from a side street to block the road. three men in israeli army fatigues sprang out of the jeep. they are they block the road and then two of the assassins come out steinberg and ben must share and puncture the tires of the vehicles in front. shared. your three show no they don't know which car the county's in and then suddenly the count opens the window of his car so he can see what's happening. to show he his the shots they are bad news they must be all sure then they identify him and joshua cohen goes to the car puts his schmeiser submachine gun in through the window and unloads on everyone sitting in the receipt of a shot of the. six bullets tore into
bernadotte slept on throat and chest. cohen kept firing pumping eighteen bullets into colonel sorrow. in a matter of seconds the assassins had made their escape. by five o'clock in the afternoon bernadotte lay dead in hospital. alongside him. i heard it on the radio which was a bit deplorable in many ways the news had come first of all to swedish king and he baited with members of the family who would inform my mother and that debate carried on so much that the swedish radio assumed that the family had been told but we hadn't so therefore it came as a bit of a shock and i got up and went to my mother and said something's happened to my
father and she said i felt that i had a feeling. she knew that he was there. the next day bernadotte body left israel on the same white plane lettered carried him in search of news. he was on its way to paris where bernadotte had been due to present his second peace plan to a un meeting. and to meet his wife to celebrate her birthday. politicians and diplomats representing their countries of the un meeting in paris came to all the airports to pay their last respects.