but of all also most of them have all this about you more to do to soft sort of applause security to visit us our good fellowship that our blog article caught up and going to the falls it is rolled out at our feet today for they don't see don't notice it as you will. but france's absolute dominance did not last in the sixty's the discovery of huge oil reserves in the gulf of guinea attracted a new play at. the united states. over the value of that i thought it was also. sort of caught it off it got it all of those dark or political garbage sunday or every throw that there are already days or the start there's little they're going to be caught up all. about. the united states made military as well as economic investments on the african continent africa became a battleground in the cold war. to count the soviet interests the americans
secretly supported andro belly and it's. and i'm going. after the collapse of the soviet union the united states was the only superpower in the wilds. in one thousand nine hundred ninety two under the auspices of the united nations it launched a so-called humanitarian intervention in the city corn of africa. the u.s. sent twenty eight thousand soldiers to somalia to help put an end to a civil war. but. the operation ended in disaster two years later after american soldiers were captured and killed images of the need to needed bodies broadcast around the while . for the u.s.
it was a humiliating loss and they decided to withdraw. after somalia a new threats in may she naff ruka. one thousand nine hundred ninety eight attacks against two u.s. embassies raised the alarm in washington. massive car bombs in kenya and tanzania caused the death of over two hundred people and left thousands injured it's. a group called all kind it claimed responsibility for. its leader the little known osama bin laden became public enemy number one in the united states and the hunt to track him down the. law was the attack on the world trade center reconfigured the geopolitics of the
world the united states launched a war in afghanistan a war that would soon spread far beyond it was a post nine eleven the threat of terrorism is very real to the american public and from a policy standpoint we are looking for specifically at the threats were over at me when they show up. a few months after september eleventh the u.s. military returned to the horn of africa with plans to stay. there stablished their first military base in djibouti at camp a former french foreign legion fort. directed counterterrorism efforts in africa for the u.s. department of defense. the sal played a key role and and looking at the movement of weapons the movement of potential so . fighters organized crime during that time period you also had an influx of
cocaine flowing in through the saddle so all of this was was of primary interest and it in a continued to grow. piece to series of maps in two thousand and two bulking both this whole part of africa as a terrorist chordal corridor of terrorism and of course the official narrative from the that the pentagon and the white guy is that these terrorists that come from afghanistan they've been driven out by american forces united they went that time was they've crossed through bin laden country i.e. sudan they're linking up with terrorists in north africa they've come through this sort of belts this but on a shaky area. jeremy keenan a british professor and author has spent fourteen studying the.
military engagement of the united states in the region with about more than just security. that being in america probably something much more important at the time the nine eleven that was the publication of the thing that's known generally as the cheney report the cheney report i think was the first executive order that president bush gave when he came into power which was to look at the crisis of the energy sector in the states in one thousand nine hundred seven imports of energy oil that supposed to fifty percent level that was psychologically sort of crisis level. in a report focused on future american spies or oil and of course focused on africa has becoming the most important supplier of good quality oil that would fit the turtle structure system. even more important the gulf certainly africa comes of critical importance to the little classes in washington.
of strategic interests is a side to the north algeria and libya the largest oil reserves in africa and to the south those of the gulf of guinea. the vast untapped petroleum deposits in the sari itself where another temptation. in two thousand and three a dramatic kidnapping pave the way for the arrival of the us military. in taunton to two. men. found that. this was the first acts against foreigners in the sahara. a huge manhunt was launched for five months to kidnappers evaded capture in the end after a ransom was paid by the german government the tourists were released. four
days later a report is based announce area received a fax a veteran of the algerian army. a paratrooper claimed responsibility for the kidnappings. the so-called terrorists background was leaked by algerian intelligence officials such unsubstantiated evidence was all the bush administration needed to label a power osama bin laden's man in the sahara. suddenly we have. officially speaking. the extension if you like of al qaeda right into this part of africa. and that is what legitimizes for america launching a new front in the war on terror in africa there was a big manhunt for the leader the the head kidnapper of the result power in order to to nab him because he was running around with approximately five million euros and
maybe a potential threat of the future so there was some thinking. on the department of defense side we came up with a program called p.s.i.i. the pants allen initiative and in the pan so how initiative basically was to work with countries in the salah like mali like. chad mauretania in order to give them some of the basic stuff communication equipment where they can talk to each other across the border. just simple stuff to where they can help us find. l. paul and power i was eventually captured with the help of the united states. the u.s. armed forces now had a foothold in the south and they are. why don't we take this little thing called p.s.i.i. and make it a little bit more robust where we start taking countries from within the region
sally and region and became a trance a hell counterterrorism program and try to get them all to work on something that we all care about which is counterterrorism so will do training and equipping and all in this training and equipping then we come together bring those countries into a live exercise. as we bring all these countries together we do this live exercise we flex our muscles in the region because send a message to the bad guys saying don't mess around everybody's working together in concert true make sure that you guys are around so everybody in the pentagon said this was a success story. you know how can we make this even better. to touring and defeating transnational threats preventing future conflicts supporting humanitarian disaster relief efforts and protecting u.s.
security interests. that's the mission of u.s. africa command. they decided that maybe they needed a separate command headquarters that would focus exclusively on africa's and so the bush administration under donald rumsfeld was running the pentagon at the time decided to do that set up a separate command just for africa. the united states sees the only country to have divided the world into separate military sect to monitor. these are north com. eucom cent com and now africa. under the stated goals of fighting terrorism and providing humanitarian assistance after calming planted itself on the continent conducting military exercises with
a growing number of african countries. but was this the only reason for africa pos create god i saw a dot dot on top of me talk to the audience that is not there are america sort of course you know all are set up by variables up from utah is a notorious list therefore so who should ought to. security don't those also go to i don't they are me arrested because all the screwed up by donald dumps of all. beijing had friendly establish itself as a counterweight to french and american interests on the continent in the first decade of the twenty first century china had overtaken the rest of the world to become africa's not just trading on.
this new us side is also of course not above all who don't want to take this on so it's not at all about that you need to force a thought under the need to do so was a fake gun or designed for it he fulfilled his exhaust for a democracy. to you have a really close system also to either do you thin you don't. normally don't bother to so also shocked by the it was a pretty big day to over doing to the wrong borders or sit on toes it trivializes on you that it is all busted all the worst then you could you knew very well we don't. in the home to see all. who don't is often a fool trail to school thirty four said. is of seed auto it's of the year because it got good deals over days like say i do to make up for us. in this two thousand and ten us state department cable made public by wiki leaks a u.s. assistant secretary of state const china
a very aggressive and pernicious economic competitor with no more. ultimately the aim of the united states and africa is to develop mechanisms where access to resources that are strategic that are absolutely essential to several key industries in the united states as well as access to petroleum are secured that it also provides a counterweight to china china is also in somewhat of a race to acquire as many minerals and petroleum and other natural resources that it means for its industries the united states though it may no longer be a major manufacturing power its military industries are heavily dependent on minerals that can be only source then africa. the establishment of africa calm was key for the consolidation of u.s.
interests in africa but when the pentagon wanted to set up its headquarters on the continent things did not go as planned it is american ship share i don't believe you're going to see. us you can see as you see up on their feet well money no problem sick leave. in position communicative and more the refusal of that the small newville by. this opposition force see us to set up a command of afrikaans thousands of miles away in stuttgart germany. african resistance to africa calm was spearheaded by a figure. as a major economic and political force on the continent and had been a thorn in the side of the west for decades from the beginning of his political career as a leader moammar gadhafi was opposed to
a foreign military presence in africa one of the first things he did it after coming to power in one nine hundred sixty and i was to expel the british and u.s. military bases and libya itself and gadhafi had you know considerable political support across the continent for his position milsom embellishes view was almost identical to give us a sense that there would be no african forces commanded by foreign military officials and there would be no foreign militaries occupying any part of africa are operating with that offer. gadhafi had been playing a complex game with the west for a long time president ronald reagan had labeled him the mad dog of the middle east and had tried to assassinate him in one thousand nine hundred eighty six by bombing his palace. the libyan leader is independence and influence flowed from the vast petroleum reserves the launches to africa which he
had nationalized when he took power. well starting in the one nine hundred ninety s. moammar gadhafi became a kind of luminary a leading voice certainly one of the loudest voices for a maximum version of african integration he was seen across as being the successor of kwame nkrumah in terms of his vision of african unity. and it wasn't just a matter of my sounding more as gadhafi was eager to not only accelerate the process of african integration but of bankrolling the process. the environment doesn't know any boundaries what goes up into the environment goes around the world. pesticides are pushed on trends that it's a very modern way to do farming and we've made poisons the measure of progress the
domestic population has become organized enough and active enough sheepishly bikini kill it soon the idea is if you will kill people who are more vulnerable circle of poison on al-jazeera. fresh perspectives deep possibilities. debate and discussion so it's only one piece on a story that doesn't get nearly the news coverage that it does or says so much to talk about is there any way of measuring that is our number and all that we can put on. al-jazeera is a mood winning programs take you on a journey around the globe. and just. twenty five years after the signing of just your world tells the behind the scenes story of norway's rule the oslo accords they wanted to have what they froze
you know ability and reveals how secret negotiations were skewed. by your own misread in everything. and why they're still here to deliver on soo much that was promised the price of oil is low on al-jazeera. hello i'm barbara starr in london with the top stories on al jazeera supreme court nominee brett kavanaugh eyes giving testimony to a senate committee in response to allegations that he sexually assaulted a woman in the one nine hundred eighty s. he said his reputation has been destroyed by the claims ricci once again denied saying he would not withdraw his nomination. i will not be intimidated into withdrawing from this process you tried hard you've given it your all
no one can question your effort but your core native and well funded effort to destroy my good name and destroy my family will not drive me out. well earlier his accuser kristin blassie ford gave her testimony to the committee she said she believed that she was going to be raped and even accidentally killed during the alleged attack in one thousand nine hundred two ford said she had no political motivation in coming forth or. am here today not because i want to be i am terrified i am here because i believe it is my civic duty to tell you what happened to me while brett kavanaugh and i were in high school. but the united nations general assembly the palestinian president has said the u.s. is no longer an independent or in the middle east peace process rough with the bass called on the u.s. president donald trump to rescind his decision to move the u.s.
embassy from tel aviv to jerusalem well in his speech israel's prime minister benjamin netanyahu warned iran had a secret atomic warehouse which is it's using for its nuclear weapons program he said the site had as much as three hundred tons of nuclear related material adultry is no longer a crime in india after the country's top court ruled that the law was unconstitutional and discriminatory the law brought in under british colonial rule in the nineteenth century punish the adultry with jail time of up to five years. indian security forces in kashmir have fired tear gas and shotgun pellets at crowds of protesters anti india demonstrations erupted in several areas in the disputed region after locals say security forces killed an innocent civilian during a raid elsewhere in kashmir a soldier and three rebels were killed in two separate gun battles parts of kashmir are now under curfew those are the headlines from news in half an hour of.
october on al-jazeera. in a new season al-jazeera correspondent returns with more personal stories from our journalists from around the world. brazilians are getting ready for elections but the main presidential contender is called from the polls as he serves time in jail for corruption. from the u.s. and beyond faultlines investigate the stories beyond the headlines after a three year delay afghanistan will finally hold its pollen and reelection to what direction the country takes with a new two part series the big picture examines the negativity of monaco duckie spain and the effects of his demise october on al-jazeera. the money from libyan oil allowed gadhafi to underwrite ambitious projects. three
hundred million dollars for the first pan-african satellite. thirty billion dollars in the largest irrigation system in the world that draws on the fast as a fresh water under the sun to turn tens of thousands of hectares of libyan desert into farmland. khadafi wanted to demonstrate that africa could develop without depending on the western banking system or the international monetary fund libya to the tune of tens of billions of dollars in each case was capitalizing a number of new african economic institutions of the african development bank of the african monetary fund africa would then develop its own solutions and develop its own lending programs to address its own problems so africa was in good on freeze view and with gadhafi as a leadership increasingly becoming something of
a block. rather than a series of disparate individual nations that could be dealt with one on one and set against each other. when gadhafi was elected chairman of the african union in two thousand and nine u.s. officials squared concerns in an embassy cables revealed by wiki leaks they noted that libya will seek to use our chairmanship to aggrandise him and promote his united states of africa proposal. u.s. multinationals were also unhappy with the libyan leader especially his decision to cancel it one billion dollars deal with the bechtel corporation the largest engineering company in the us with powerful connections in washington. the fact that an operator with bechtel's connections and deep pockets was ultimately unable to secure its contract serves as a caution airy tale for the many u.s.
and western companies seeking to enter libya's booming market and for other u.s. companies considering major investment projects here. gadhafi also antagonize france after being courted by president nicolas sarkozy the libyan leader canceled major arms deals. and reacted. to the sound and he said. that if you're on the short cut of. the cost even shipping list of sell more acquire if you don't bow to the eagle is an aggressor whose it best you know you two will cut but chose bob boss the economy. in march two thousand and eleven as the arab spring spread through north africa france and the united states decided to use.
the united nations security council gave its approval of protecting human rights provided the justification. for syrian. so that. you couldn't get if he could put up a p.s.u. into being as we have troops in neighboring. allowing the opposition to drive them out. we hit it off these air defenses this was afrikaans first war and its commander in chief was the first african-american president in the words of the obama administration the u.s. position in the war against libya was that of leading from behind what is really interesting is of course the fact that the war was all and and directed first by africa. and then the mission was taken over by nato.
in other words people running the show me still are themselves being run by the maybe the states which is formally in command of mate will not only that in one of his speeches obama after the bombing campaign had ceased and was praising the efforts of allies in libya revealed that even a number of french bombing missions were inside piloted by american it's. the intervention of libya is also always sending a message. other for completion states that should pursue a course of such radical defiance radical independence such a nationalist demands imperialist course that there could be ultimate consequences that are no longer hypothetical and.
gadhafi has gone so a major obstacle in the way of american military penetration of us as in fact. we came we saw he died in the bed. the fall of gadhafi produce a shockwave that would be found far beyond libya. unfortunately there was not a very good handle on the forty thousand plus weapons that could off he had and so quickly we find out that. over thirty five thousand of those weapons just atomized they just disappeared and so we discovered that some of those weapons made a made it into northern mali the southern algeria other in southern libya there are new shares are everywhere. some of those weapons fell into the hands of the libyan
rebels others including anti-tank and anti-aircraft missiles fan into the hands of tariq fighters who fought alongside gadhafi because he supported their demands for autonomy in the samarra. yet to julian you're a dog is. that there's a way to go about it if you get there they call it wide to cause you to. community who just want to know about this also quite. mad the. charter is a very. noble or citizens of the zone given that all the law will agree on the boat agree almost all told it is all put off as. you all parted till the pride hour is yours to the great care they feed for good at the feet of water all paths are enjoyed his value but i saw tish's there were more that i saw could i
couldn't because as well as jail we know the man who said the dog who did this and you press it all out or is here with. the heavily armed formed a new fighting force and mentally and launch an offensive against the government in bamako in january two thousand and twelve their long held dream of creating a want an independent tarik homeland that would stretch across the sahara finally seemed within reach. but the two our eggs were not the only find this in the desert small on groups which had emerged a decade earlier we're now well armed forces to be reckoned. with acme. and and sardine say they were fighting a holy war and when we could sing among the local population. islamist to. be full of the police security or law is often result although not
remotely rather think it is a lot of them illegal to screw. around with you have a group of us your. doctors are law over. but the islam preached on troops was nothing like the islam practice in this region for centuries the. good. ones you know will be. leaving london to live for that fact because. if you're going to spend it if you're going to. do something for it thank.
you source original. it's also more than that delusional to leadership of the syria buku it is also militant of syria it want is have to really calm but it certainly isn't as if you're to be somebody. if you didn't do the. result. was the one putting aside their ideological differences the two are exam the armed groups forged an alliance of convenience. criminon arche them point in eureka took their mobile. geo as the. ice is at the bottom and the last on the new cars are signs that i don't go to them but it will take these guys a little report like that and i know. it has a different morning and i don't know the circumstances in female whole decimal or.
united the rebel forces launched an offensive against mali in soldiers in several garrison towns in the north. these mannion troops had completed years of training by africa home but the training didn't pay off. for a bit but is it as you need to sort of build it richard is older believe it took the effort must feel for some better call to made notes of the vocal is unity. for me so sore dysart ok it's a song means so but if you're quoted a bit. worse was yet to come when one thousand million soldiers were captured in summarily executed in a rebel attack on the offices in bamako mutinied against the government they say it was incapable of controlling the situation.
the coup was led by one of afrikaans top pupils captain amadou sana book who was trained as an infantry and intelligence officer at the u.s. bases in virginia georgia texas and arizona. this was a guy the americans had trained and invested time and money and then he made things ten times worse in mali. and then more setbacks for africa calm. again. other rebel forces invaded the major cities of northern mali they met little resistance in just two weeks the country was split in two. despite years of training and millions spent the west's greatest fear became
a reality as so-called islamic state was established in northern mali. lives organised a pseudo judge eastham. up was you know with the only livin do normally i go to work because on the day of the boom boom it has a. rush to reason to trust your all. so i see you novels you'll soon get rid of it. your ass are going to have you most if you fairly credit us currently on to bigger up the second but dungy i just i've also said are you sure don't going to be thesz eric and i ponder. this and quite. a novel
say ten percent then if for the new issue physical assault then they're gone but they'll just idealists get upon the. envy of the community through all. as the rebels move south france came to the rescue in forty eight hours and government deployed four thousand troops to. the americans remained in the background providing military intelligence and logistical support. to depose of the metric rocket objective it's also a bit off for us at the dinner so integral to souls. potential of all of his also called on me can was of your of or will some. for left leicester billeted on the wall. the rebel advance was tops and in just two weeks the french regain the north the french army claimed to have killed hundreds
of so-called terrorists the rest seem to evaporate into the desert the former colonial power was now the savior of the country. but was operation survivor all that it seemed to be. dull sick with with a tsunami suddenness exact the most you see by simply skirl him and. only the leg. don't demolish orcus cell going to leave a problem if one says the. corner or what remains of it today the town is key to understanding what really happened during operation sarah vaughan it was a site of a decisive battle with the fighters of armed sardine who were surrounded here by
friendships. a memorial in honor of the first french soldier killed during the clash was erected overlooking the only road in and out of town. but what has not been memorialized is the fact that on this same road a convoy of vehicles carrying hundreds of rebel fighters and their leader iyad a gali managed to escape from right under the nose of the french. on the ground many witnesses of the conflict have questions. but of course. one of course he did it. in the house it will extend its just. existence tightly because he said do not open it on the stock level said alice you're skating up law and don't disturb it is
a bad idea the opioids like this jointly soto's us see a pickup on the avenue or lawn the man didn't i will show. you a crucial load going to the north or a different seal likely my i know disposal really isn't that cept the dog is. in the most from pretty clear for the law said that i will soon get a present of dogs let me. in this shadow war what interests might the french have been going easy on the forces they were supposed to be fighting little said their father hardly recover yet i'm certain not only is a serial you normally get. by market. forces . accept their produce seal or dick that there are false. fiamma are a vast. exploit limine the hell it. is. left
million of us do you know only my leaders say the vocally commune the coup is going to double shuffle says bust a situation so simple. he'll menthol should dilute your denominator is money exploded you're on your own it went through the life force you live alone did you got a deal on mass you really was was do it on your arm. next brought bible no more. don't deliver daleks' put us your maple won't be she daughter there were accessory all sorts of. far from the desert sands of the sahara the future of the region is being determined and france is not the only one with interests here. representatives of oil companies venture capitalists and african officials in charge of energy gathered in london the financial capital of europe and the overall who she is the one.
who. despite the chaos wars and revolutions the interests of europeans and americans remains high in what may be the largest on top the oil reserves on the continent the eldorado of the science the tao dany basin which extends to mauritania to algeria across north mali. is a distance source resource but in the vast vast area probably bigger than the whole of texas or. pocket of two thirds of europe for instance so you can imagine very few wells in this vast area not enough to test the realities it would take a long time to put the space into for testing. despite a recent decline in the importers gas and african oil to the united states the interests of major u.s. energy companies in africa has not decreased the needs of asia and europe will not stop growing nearly two trillion dollars of investments in african oil and gas are
expected in the next two decades. mostly to school. next year when it was hospital yeah i know. there are no good all sit on the ground by some. between the year the fico. does and the president books don't disappear it was a sunni policeman who wins. in may two thousand and fourteen president obama announced that he would allocate an additional five billion dollars to the find to gain skillful terrorism. but as we move to a train and advise mission in afghanistan are reduced presence there allows us to more effect of the address emerging threats in the middle east and north africa. so earlier this year i asked my national security team to develop a plan for
a network of partnerships from south asia to the so help. this strategy has been very persuasive an increasing number of african governments have signed on to the africa com program like in asia where the u.s. military brought together african forces composed of one thousand soldiers from seventeen countries for military exercises. and international exercises this year we could really have it in different areas of of africa there's a tremendous opportunity for all work together and work from one another. during two thousand and thirteen alone africa has organized ten exercises on the fin clock model fifty five other operations and four hundred safety seminars with forty nine african states. the united states has also established drone bases in djibouti.
kenya ethiopia somalia south sudan. and this is shell's. in september two thousand and fourteen the united states announced that they were sending four thousand troops to liberia as support during the bola crisis and to coordinate other unspecified military activities. not to be outdone france also announced plans to increase its military presence in the saya with a redeployment of three thousand troops. the increasing militarization of africa is a new profit center covered by the military industrial complex with millions of dollars of contracts for arms manufacturers and private contractors. emersion of all. fifty investor billeted
a little. so that you can quote so they do need a visual aid to force. the rules of the world the most original burkle rigid load of folder renie. servant you. live for there's a lever it's all for naught. the united nations has established a peacekeeping force of twelve thousand troops to help stabilize mali among them the chinese military as well as african troops trained by africa on the arsenal of east peace keepers include surveillance drones and apache attack helicopters. more than one hundred thirty years after the berlin conference a new division of the african continent is underway as new powers seek to ensure oil supplies strategic minerals arab oil land and even the water under the desert
sands so did god really do over. the problem so. look to the. just souls just because. the so-called war against terror. is more than it seems the battles way out of a larger struggle for influence and control in a world of shrinking resources this battle the fight for the bounty is a real endless war.
hello there been some significant thunderstorms just recently not far away from sydney to warn us off shore now but we saw hail from service active weather around and the given the size of the constant these little things he could be just as active in south australia however forecast wise we're now looking at a rather warm day in sydney in the sunshine this is come friday but notice any fourteen in melbourne is cooler will try and push succeed yes eighteen degrees that's a frontal system this it'll take a few showers or you can generate a thunderstorm or so in new south wales leaving the sunshine behind it all trails back towards purse the circulation offshore here and it looks like could be a wet day for you come saturday now some of that rain is heading down towards south
florida not in the immediate future it's a fine ish looking picture by satellite but bring your eyes out to the solomon islands this rain here has a circulation here not quite name pretty close to tropical depression at least as for new zealand as a couple of days as well one day sunshine in the rain creeps up from the south giving us a northerly breeze that's a bit of a warming direction for christchurch eighteen degrees for you and in fact you're probably have a fine day it opened his thirty car beautifully. they live in a country plagued by poverty. billionaires is only. one of the new maharajah on al-jazeera.
supreme court nominee brett kavanaugh angrily and emotionally denies the sexual assault allegations against syria. israel's president uses his speech at the u.n. to attack iran while his palestinian counterpart accuses trump of undermining the two state solution india supreme court rules that adultery is no longer a crime scrapping a law which treated women as the property of men. i'm joined again with the sports including. the host. germany. europe's biggest problem torment gets a new heart you still have the reaction coming up this hour. president from supreme court nominee has given an angry and emotional testimony to
a u.s. senate committee saying he's completely innocent of the sexual assault accusations against him brett kavanaugh described the allegations as a calculated and orchestrated political hit his accuser christine ford testified before the committee earlier she said she believed she was going to be raped and even accidentally killed during the alleged attack in one thousand nine hundred two and she said she has absolutely no doubt that cavanagh was the man who attacked. dr forward with what degree of certainty do you believe brett kavanaugh shot one hundred percent one hundred percent well during her initial testimony christine ford said that she was terrified and she told the senate judiciary committee about the harassment that she's faced since coming forward with the allegations made greatest fears have been realized and the reality has been far worse than what i expected my family and i have been the target of constant harassment and threats
and i have been called the most vile and heat full names imaginable. these messages well far fewer than the expressions of support have been terrifying and it rocked me to my core well when it was brett kavanaugh his turn to testify he told the hearing he's never committed any sexual misconduct i'm not questioning that dr ford may have been sexually assaulted by some person in some place at some time but i have never done this to her or to anyone that's not who i am it is not who i was i am innocent of this charge i will not be intimidated into withdrawing from this process you try to hard you've given it your all no one can question your effort but you're coordinating well
funded effort to destroy my good name and destroy my family will not drug me out frozen joining joins us live now from washington d.c. ross obviously you've been watching the brett kavanaugh testimony he was angry and the fine throughout and he then of course had to face questions how has that been going because of course this is a very divisive and politicized issue. it's been divisive it's been politicized it's been quite contentious in fact democratic senator amy klobuchar of minnesota is trying to take what she calls a different approach from some of the other senators on the panel who are questioning brett kavanaugh about what did a summer of one nine hundred eighty two with christine blogs and forward. has suggested that this is nothing more than a political witch hunt that this is also
a lot of political payback because hillary clinton lost the two thousand and sixteen presidential election against donald trump whom the judge says that he is who he says he is grateful for nominating him to be on the high court and there's been a lot of back and forth on whether or not brett kavanaugh would in fact support an f.b.i. investigation into what did happen or didn't happen thirty six years ago and so it's been quite quite contentious for the past two and a half hours and of course it's still going on now so you know it's difficult for us to preempt what's going to happen but what would the next steps be now when it comes to a cavernous nomination. well there the democratic party is still trying to get this confirmation process delayed yet again i don't know whether it's going to be successful but senators and members of the house are
saying that the process needs to be delayed so that the f.b.i. can be brought in to try to gather evidence in order to determine whether christie involves the ford allegations as well as the allegations of at least two other women who have come forward in the past eleven days can be vetted and either confirmed or dismissed they say with out that delay the risk is of putting someone on the nation's highest court who does not have the character or the fitness or perhaps may have actually committed some sort of legal impropriety in his younger days however the republican majority has steadfastly stood with president donald trump on not calling for any sort of additional f.b.i. investigation but it is something that would have to be requested by the white house before it could go forward. jordan with the latest thank you well now let's go to the white house speak to our correspondent there kimberly have kids
now we know that donald trump has been watching this hearing closely in the building right behind you i didn't happen his testimony is likely to be going down because i think some people would have been surprised perhaps to see this man oversleep a very experienced judge you to sit on the supreme court look at times both angry and then emotionally moved. right i think that those reactions were exactly what the white house was hoping for because it allowed brett kavanaugh to appear equally credible as his accuser so the difficult challenge of course comes now down to the committee that must vote to decide which one of them is telling the truth i can tell you though the white house certainly watching this very carefully and brett kavanaugh under an enormous amount of pressure to deliver not just credible testimony but also for the president who did not rule out if this
was not a successful hearing possibly nominating someone else to the supreme court but it appears from initial reactions there's been no formal reaction from the white house but there appears to be. reaction that they believe he has done what he needed to do in order to defend himself to defend his integrity in fact there is this feeling now that there are at least on the part of republicans on capitol hill that they can stand behind their nominee they do believe that they will be able to rally and fight for him because of the testimony that was given i think what the strategy was going into all of this was that this was a political smear job that this was character assassination and that they believe that brett kavanaugh delivered when it comes to that strategy. evilly happy with the latest from the white house for the moment kimberly thank you. well the cole was marland is a professor of criminology adoring university here in the u.k. whose research focuses on male violence against women she joins us now via skype
madame thank you so much for joining us here on al-jazeera i'd like to have developed some of the points of your research a little later but first of all i'd just like to start with your reaction i'm assuming that you've watched the testimonies both christian vassie ford and brett kavanaugh what did you make of them i mean at a time frank credible i prefer a minute you can't perspective the idea that somebody would be giving evidence to the world on something as sensitive as sexual assault which happened when she was young person really is quite extraordinary i mean if we think about what survivors go through when they stand in caught in a closed car. behind a screen that is difficult you know but the idea of this broadcast world or think. most part has didn't just to survivors all over the world in approach to speaking out about something which you know until now she only began to speak about. america
. a lot of the people who believe brett kavanaugh and supported him as say that to them it just doesn't seem right that someone like christie bless the ford wouldn't have come forward i mean this is alleged to have happened in one thousand nine hundred two when you know didn't come forward until now even though she has spoken of experiencing p.t.s.d. like symptoms from from what she alleges happened to her what do you make of all of the time that factor and then the fact that so many people still see that as something that the tracks from the woman's or the victim's testimony. i mean i think from my research and from other international studies i think it's it's very clear that many many mass vast majority of survivors don't come forward at sexual violence they don't vote at the time they don't come forward let so really stop saying that people who do go in many places parts are actually get exceptions
not be the norm so to me it's completely normal and it's completely by research the idea that you wouldn't go and reply missed so many reasons why you might not want to there are. so many of the reasons that she was given today and how it happened and she didn't want her parents to know that she was at a party with. with buys their very they she should know by now and these are all of the reasons why people don't respond back then but also now today as well let's not pretend that things are drastically chandler i mean as you say that but i actually see not only obviously a lot of change from one thousand nine hundred two but certainly in the past year with the me too movement and now the why i didn't report you know hashtags on twitter and it being on the news so much what impact do you think these campaigns have. when i think i have the impact of showing survivors that i'm not alone i think it helps them to be able to speak out marla haps amongst friends and on
social media they've got to remember that the other start with that we've had in the news here in the you care this rape is around the state p.s. not taking care says for it to try to improve their nakedness we've seen that young man. found not guilty at a much higher ret than of the groups of men so we are seeing a lot of market will coming forward marmar people claiming that they want to speak out but still a dysfunctional criminal justice system to deal with this sort of number sexual assault allegations that are now being met. and it's so obviously so divisive so emotive and so often it does end the b.