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tv   A Moral Debt The Legacy Of Slavery In The U.S.A.  Al Jazeera  November 1, 2018 9:00am-10:01am +03

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straight here is the two state solution. from britain. well again avery i'm sitting in here in doha with the top stories and al-jazeera turkey's chief prosecutor has revealed that saudi journalist jamal khashoggi was strangled to death as soon as he entered the saudi consulate in istanbul his body was then cut into pieces and disposed of a spokesman for turkey's ruling ak party says that the show she could not have been killed without orders from senior officials. this is not an event that can be done without an order from a high level the organization is event has been premeditated that the saudi chief prosecutor stated and it has been done in such a brutal way as declared by our own chief prosecutor as well he was killed as soon as he entered and i was late to disband better how far in advance has the event
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been planned and who gave the order we are in a position to see this clearly from the start we haven't accused anyone but we will not allow a couple of. donald trump is facing increasing pressure from across the us political spectrum to take action against saudi arabia a bipartisan group of senators is calling for an investigation to be carried out as soon as possible why cannot reports from washington. president trump of days of silence on jamal khashoggi death after being asked whether he felt betrayed by the saudi denial of responsibility for it but right now i just hope that it all works out we have a lot of facts we have a lot of things that we've been looking at that. maybe they betrayed the self this is. the national security adviser also having his say we expect there to be accountability for what happened which was which was criminal without any question and they have promised to do. that and they have gone
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a long way already and we'll see what the next steps are and more pressure from congress for tangible action to be taken a group of republican senators assent to letter to the president demanding that civilian nuclear talks with saudi arabia be suspended the senate has already sent the president a formal letter invoking the global magnitsky act this since assert the president investigate the murder and impose sanctions should accountability be established the act gives the president four months in which to act but in a follow up letter a bipartisan group of house representatives has insisted that the investigation be concluded as quickly as possible threatened legislation can only come after the midterm elections congress is in recess until then but regardless of the election result president trump will then have to face up to a congress that is angry and it's an anger that in this case is shared across party
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divide mike hanna al-jazeera washington. divers in indonesia found the flight recorder box the passenger airliner that crashed on monday killing all one hundred eighty nine people on board it was recovered in the sea off the coast of jakarta investigators hope that it will explain why the two month old plane went down. the saudi embassy coalition has sent troops to givens port city of her data amid growing calls to end the fighting the u.n. says it's backing the u.s. demand for a political solution a special envoy to yemen is relaunching talks with the saudi coalition that hooty rebels in sweden later this month pakistan's prime minister has addressed the nation criticizing protesters calling for the death of the supreme court judges who overturned a christian woman's blasphemy conviction a landmark case a spotty years of international criticism. they are inciting you for their political gain you should not get trapped by them for the sake of the country they
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are doing no service to islam. they are trying to say that if the supreme court doesn't decide to they wish they will not accept that judgement that means they would come on roads and stop the country can any country run like this u.s. national security adviser john bolton says that washington doesn't want its friends and allies to be hurt by it sanctions against iran they'll come into force on monday after president trump pulled out of the twenty fifteen nuclear deal between tehran and. bolton says that he wants to force in iran's crude oil exports to zero and those are the headlines the news continues here on al-jazeera after correspondent thanks.
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see. i'm james gannon a news editor for al-jazeera. i grew up in this house in virginia in the southern united states my childhood here was a happy one my family weren't rich but we were comfortable. i was particularly close to my grandmother mary hamilton lee it was she the told me about my leave family history. my most famous ancestor general robert e. lee led the confederate army against the union during the american civil war in the one thousand centuries. i was proud that this man considered one of virginia's greatest heroes was a relative i wasn't told that he fought to defend slavery. on
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the twelfth of august twenty seventeen these pictures of racial hatred in charlottesville in virginia were particularly shocking. because that white supremacist were rallying around was the preservation of a statue of my ancestor robert e. lee. i felt outraged that my family name was associated with the k.k.k. and neo nazis. what happened in charlottesville made me consider for the first time the true legacy of my slave owning ancestors. i want to know why people in my home state of virginia are so divided on the subject of confederate monuments and what they represent. and i want to find out how much the oppression of enslaved people by my aunts. esther's has had an impact on black lives in america today. what i'm told will at times make me deeply uncomfortable. but these conversations for me are long overdue. but now i'm broke.
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richmond virginia is the former capital of the confederacy the eleven southern states the vote the union in the american civil war. the statue of my ancestor robert e. lee is one of the five confederate statues on monument avenue the grandest street in richmond it stands eighteen meters tall and dominates the city's landscape. for over one hundred years richmond has honored as one of its greatest heroes until recently. in two thousand and fifteen nine black church goers in south carolina were shot by a white supremacist the killer was photographed with a confederate flag a symbol for racists of white supremacy and soon after the city council in new
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orleans voted for their confederate statues to be removed the state of louisiana was once a major center for the slave trade. and public consultations took place in virginia which once had the largest and slave population in america in richmond the debate over the monument avenue statues was heated now is the time for us to tear down participation trophies for the easy side during the rush. shouldering. the fight. let's remember too that after the arlington county could to help reconcile and rebuild relationships to a north and south how can anyone say this great leader is a symbol of hate and evil and white supremacy. it's a question whether vision a statute would you like to see well known might be good and. more you know you
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said there was a it is not unusual there are a lot and you never heard of these from you know i was. i want to know why opinions in richmond are so deeply divided by just how are you glad to see you martha rawlins is also a cousin of robert e. lee you know you look like a really do i do yeah i'm a little bit of a horse really know where this. stuff. martha helps around the richmond chapter of an organization name coming to the table. it was set up to help realize one of the dreams of dr martin luther king jr that the children of former slaves and slave owners would one day sit down together at the same table just the action of bringing two people together don't go to the same chairs that don't shop in the same places live in the same neighborhood and don't look alike i say that
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when we even go out in public we are the marching pair here we've been on every civil rights and woman's march there is even just seeing us to gather models what is possible that in itself some people say that's really small but i think it's huge coming to his high level which is to heal the lives of. the legacy things like martin or his now who are visiting our purpose first is uncovering and and teaching truth in history. and you will be a lot of homework even though. this is monument avenue. martha wastes no time in starting her first lesson on the true history of the american civil war next when we come to is. jefferson davis so jefferson davis was the president of confederacy we need to weed what's written on
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his monument. it's it's appalling. the words on the statue paid for by the daughters of the confederacy gives a now discredited view of history. that the civil war was not fought to defend slavery but a heroic struggle to preserve the southern way of life from northern interference. which is that once a year is hardly that so it says to injure any section of the country not even for our own security benefit. but the high and solemn motive of defending and protecting the rights we inherited which it is our duty to transmit unshorn to our children. and what rights we heard they were to write to us right and i was taught in school that we were not defaming slavery we were just defending our us now from an old aggression the rest why.
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next we visit the statue of our common ancestor it's very painful to remember the legacy evidence right where the great grandmother was second cousin or property. so it's painful it's painful to know cham is not perfect right for our queen i would take them day on the defense of slavery was not. something to be honored. gary flowers is a local radio host and custodian of black history in richmond he wants to show me a statue that he fought to get a wrecked in in twenty seventeen so this is mrs maggie cleaned out walker. born to an insulated mother maggie walker was the first black woman to charter a bank in the united states the st luke penny savings bank the statues say
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to the community and say to the world this is someone whose fault to put on a on a literal pedestal that is a woman to be honored and that is a woman to be memorialized so that's what is so disheartening and despicable about the confederate statues because they fought for slavery. sedition secession and racial segregation and so those are not honorable virtues for which to fight nor are they american there is no other country on the planet that honors and statuary the losers of a civil war itself that my ancestors who were burned be brutalized raped by a confederate a confederate thank ours that is a constant symbol to me the confederate statue that we have now honoring a dishonorable man and a dishonorable cause and
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a dishonorable confederacy. statues mean something. right. there are others in richmond who are adamant the statue should remain the organization sons of confederate veterans has spent tens of thousands of dollars in legal fees to prevent the removal of statues in charlottesville and elsewhere. oh mr morehead just again and andrew more head handed to me yes or welcome to richmond and hollywood cemetery i'm at a told yeah i'm a relative of robert e. lee absolutely and with the beard with the reddish beard you look more like you have stuart but that's excellent let's take a look at a few things and write. these are the dead from gettysburg. we visit the confederate section of the cemetery with the graves of around two thousand soldiers who died in gettysburg a battle lost by robert e. lee in one thousand nine hundred sixty three it was arguably the turning point in
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the war. heavy casualties. around fifty thousand soldiers from both sides died in that battle there are a lot of people that feel that the statues need to come down when you look at these monuments just on a pure abstract be they're beautiful works of our beautiful works of art and then you've got the military brilliance of robert e. lee which is still studied by military theorists today the passion for this issue we is the sins of confederate ancestors they're our family we really are the fact that we feel in our opinion they fought for a noble cause to overthrow it overbearing federal government would you want anybody to talk badly about your family. just the notion of family you know brings
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up a lot of emotions in me but at the same time if there is a member of one's family that is doing something that you don't agree with you have a responsibility for them sure and we're responsible for the legacy of our ancestors as far as telling the truth as we see it robert e. lee didn't say i'm going to fight for slavery no what he said is i cannot term us a word against virginia so that tells you that the war was not about slavery there are some things we're not going to agree on but your i appreciate your time and given you are your point of view absolutely. andrews' view that the civil war wasn't primarily fought to preserve slavery has been debunked by the vast majority of scholars. i'm curious to find out why so many millions of virginians still believe that all of this to an end. kristie coleman is an expert on the
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american civil war and heads the museum in richmond specially devoted to the subject so christi here we are one hundred fifty years after the civil war it seems like a lot of the history and perspectives are still unsettled why is it still such a hot button to day. i think. part of the reason is that we've spent one hundred fifty years lying to each other about what this war was about. we spent one hundred fifty years lying and trying to reinforce the law and the truth is and i didn't daughters of the confederacy and their historian of the organization a woman by the name mildred rutherford makes it her business to frame the narrative that must be in every school or textbook and if it's not there she tells them you must reject it from your home and you must be checked out from your school. and that's exactly what they do so if you. i wonder why america has such
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a de urgent review about this so it was crafted that way the way i see it is that robert e. lee fought for slavery and that's what the civil war was about but. along the way and now i have heard an alternate opinion the reality is men women and children were bought and sold from their families by only ok at arlington and in many other properties that he owned he comes from a family that for generations has bought and sold human beings this way but i'm convinced that the weight of his choices. the death tolls and the casualties being so high i think weighed on his soul and i think that that is why he was so in his last years was so adamant. to tell others don't put up statues don't relive this let's just. let's
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just be you have the intensity that i see in his images with in your eyes a real ick ick i think that might be a family trait it's probably just beard maybe it's a very good idea to. see what people think of it but he's got. my own view is that the statue should be removed because it glorifies a shameful cause the fight to preserve slavery. over seven hundred thousand soldiers died in the american civil war the equivalent of seven million today. i guess it gives me some small comfort to know that my ancestor also didn't want any monuments to this dark period in our history.
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it's time for me to face up to the sins of my ancestors. this church in peter's ville maryland was built by black people my ancestors and slaves. my grandmother used to bring me here as a child. i've come to see two of her friends i've known them since i was young lord have mercy for the male versus you know us to get us out and we're going to everlasting life. clarice in a stellar both descendants of the people my family enslaved i want to know how they feel about that it's not something my family ever discussed. but. i feel uncomfortable about bringing up the subject of enslavement i don't want to upset them. clearly some i'm wondering if you could tell me about the picture on this book here this is my mom. madeline. and i'm
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claire. and she was a nurse of this little girl and mom's mother used to work for the lees so your mom's mother was born in slave and yes. ochoa how see he was a slave my great grandfather of the lead property i feel kind of strange about that someone earned how how you feel about that i just live in the present time and i know that i can go anywhere i want to go and do anything i want to do and i don't have to battle down to nobody. see that's that's me in this present time and that's where i am what i wanted to do was go on you know a journey that where i figure out what i can do to make sure that you know we don't
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start slipping backwards you should just try to make sure that you treat people right don't. don't harbor thinking about what your great great grandfather did so i don't have no hard feelings with you but president you want to do something. make sure you do something i don't know what you're going to do. it if you win the lottery you can give me a couple. i could do that. could of the met. i hope we get. to help you in in your endeavor if you really had it i hope i have because i think you got a wonderful family. i feel humbled that
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a sterling priest don't hold any grudge against my ancestors for what there isn't are but i want to honor their call to action. i need to know how much closer we are to racial equality and in my great grandfather's day. baltimore the largest city in maryland is just one hour away. it has a population of three million with a high proportion for black. in two thousand and fifteen there were street protests in baltimore. triggered by the death of a twenty five year old black man. freddie gray spine was severed while in police custody no officer was ever convicted. i meet up with kwame rose a young political activists who hit the headlines during the protest. kwame was
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filmed parading a well known t.v. host for failing to report the underlying race related issues fueling the honor asked i want you and boxers to get on board more seats because you're not here morning about the book the boarded up the exterior the black right. think things are better they can. better we have a white supremacist in office now may be just as bad as robert e. lee was when donald trump promotes and preys on the races ideologies that existence out of american society you know we black people built this country from on our hands our blood sweat tears and we haven't got one ounce of compensation reparation or even acknowledgement of the contribution we did what is it that i should know about baltimore what people should know about baltimore is that we are majority black population. sixty three percent black most of our elected officials are black . but yet the disparity between income between white families and black families is
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still one of the highest in america this is fells point it's a very white neighborhood kwame wants to show me that even after racial segregation officially ended baltimore is still divided into rich white and poor black areas. ate here. you know drink here. actually that restaurant right there during opening day of the baseball season. i was actually called a nigger there. i come here knowing that me being here is. kind of a disruption to like the everyday whiteness i love doing and i love making people uncomfortable with my presence. you see the way the police patrol certain blocks of this neighborhood as a way to protect and you go up a couple blocks up the street the police are there to enforce yeah you can you tell the difference you can tell the difference because the police here this is a space where drunken why people are allowed to have a good tom be drunk and it's written off up the street standing on
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a corner the police are there you know come out and disperse a crowd. it's calm right and there's nothing wrong with that the fact that this city is sixty three percent black and the amount of people represented in certain communities like this aren't right here. i'll take you to a part of baltimore. it's pretty great grew up. he wants across the slightest sensually you'll be able to tell the difference from where we just came from. you notice all the vacant businesses vacant homes. there are over thirty thousand vacant homes in baltimore the majority concentrated in black neighborhoods. the inequality in wealthier stock three times more black people than white live below the poverty line and blacks are four times more likely to be unemployed. this is america's. richest nation in the world right. this is going more homes this is where freddie
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great. so this is a neighborhood. flooded with poverty and adequate public housing lack of opportunity and jobs for pretty much of your born in this community you're stuck here. most kids that grow up in poverty. baltimore city don't have the chance to leave with them blocks of their. where they were born to really. what's the situation with the police and you can be someone like philander castille. a weapon that was legally purchased and still killed even though he followed all the rules you can be afraid of gray who ran away as so many examples of black people who did nothing wrong but just were killed because they like ice cube said their skin was the center. in the united states black people are three times more likely than whites to be killed by the police. how do we make sure these people in your homes
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have the same access to quality of life that the people. well it seems to me like before we can fix anything we have to acknowledge the truth of the situation more than acknowledgement it has to be some type of compensation as of which surely the greatest nation on earth when the people who made the greatest contribution should have access to a quality of life for those who oppressed and slave those. somewhere. i've never really taken the idea of reparations seriously before that meeting with kwame has made me reconsider. i need to learn more about the inequalities that black people continue to experience i'm ready to face more uncomfortable truths. that. innocent. person. i.
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showed documentaries from around the world about those who won't give up their fight for justice. al-jazeera selects justice. you stand the differences. and the similarities of cultures across the world. al-jazeera in the united states the religious right is on the mom which we were always hunting for the guy who would take our script and read it their goal is to take control of one of the political parties and they've effectively done that full lines examines the trumpet ministration special relationship with the religious right what do you get out of it the presidency and asks what evangelical support
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means for the future of the country church of trump on al-jazeera. hello again adrian from going to here in doha the top stories this hour on al-jazeera turkey's chief prosecutor has revealed that the saudi journalist she was strangled to death as soon as he entered the saudi consulate in istanbul his body was then cut into pieces disposed of so the keys ruling ak party says that her show she's murder couldn't have happened without instructions from someone at a high level in the saudi leadership. so this is not an event that can be done without an order from a high level the organization is event has been premeditated that the saudi chief prosecutor stated and it has been done in such a brutal way as declared by our own chief prosecutor as well he was killed as soon as he entered and i was like to disband better how far in advance has his brutal
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his event been planned and who gave the order we are in a position to see this clearly from the start we haven't accused anyone but we will not allow a coverup. divers in indonesia have recovered the flight data recorder box from the line a jet which crashed on monday killing all one hundred eighty nine people on board investigators hope that it will explain why the two month old aircraft went down the saudi emirates and coalition has sent troops to yemen's port city of her data despite growing calls to end the fighting the u.n. says that it's backing the u.s. demand for a political solution a special envoy to yemen is relaunching talks with the saudi coalition and hooty rebels in sweden. stopping the war in the acts of aggression from aggressive state supported by the us is necessary we currently are not acting as a graces against any of our neighbors states they are doing so against us and so when the walk stops and the aggression against us stops we will be for peace which
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will preserve our independence and protect our independent entity from any interference from any other state whether the neighboring or not pakistan's prime minister has addressed the nation criticizing protesters who are calling for the death of supreme court judges who were overturned a christian woman's blasphemy conviction a landmark case a spot tears of international criticism and peruse opposition leader keiko fujimori has been ordered to back to jail over money laundering allegations fujimori has been accused of accepting more than a million dollars from the brazilian construction from cracks during two thousand and eleven presidential election campaign. and there's the headlines more news for you in a little over twenty five minutes. in baltimore maryland black people are three times more likely than white to be living
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in poverty. i want to know what that means for the people living. rick fontayne works for the city he grew up in a public housing project and has been helping disadvantaged youths in baltimore for over ten years. among the. housing projects is primarily black ok out of you know thousands of people who maybe like ten white people that live in the projects. it's no resources you have a city you have a saw story it. someone you know they call you know. i support my house this james davis that's offered one of mr rich toughest soldiers. somebody's kid squeegee and they earn money that way but a lot of kids on they sell bottled waters and bottled drinks for a dollar i mean all my bottles thank you thank you. keep with the legal hassles are
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right and you know i'm a legal mess and sometimes i just pull kids off corners i mentor them i help them get to. rick takes me to the parking lot where de'monte howard a youth he mentored was shot dead just two months before. a lot of the drugs and activity happens right here and it's this parking lot and this is where unfortunately a lot of the homicides are robberies to please the c.r.p. diesel baby that was the a monster his nickname his mother was struggling as a single mom three children by herself and he did the fastest thing to help her and that was get involved in drugs or here he was just good enough to help his mom and some guys from another neighborhood came here to rob them and ended up killing a really good kid old man always is trying to do better we got him. in wilberforce college and the day we were supposed to present him with his certificate to go to college he was he was murdered right here really sorry to hear he says as the
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president. was a boss we've been a man i miss my home boy it's good to just see. what would you like for this community all these kids take them up the trips to the springs more stuff that's all you know right here it's no. it was all of. those. were. a lot of. these kids feel like they're forced to do that to survive they're not doing it to be driving a mercedes in bentleys and things like that they're doing it because if i don't do this. people in these neighborhoods are not asking for anything but opportunity the same playing field that the rest of america gets i don't. this is. what you need to see how you don so this is this is james to lose that and. you
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know i always see how you know you know the little thing that we doing and how you know they've everybody feel so safe passage is their babies especially to the streets and now here i am i one of them parents. i'm so sorry for your loss thank you so much thank you could appreciate. there were three hundred forty three homicides in baltimore and twenty seventeen more than ninety percent of these people were black. chan wallace is a baltimore photographer who uses her craft to combat racial stereotyping so i use photography as a form of activism my black lives matter and this what we are this is what we are outside of the gaze of whiteness. this guy right here i see black men all the time but i see how the world continues to perpetuate that these moments
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moments like this don't happen sometimes i photograph a black man and i have the photograph printed ready give it to them. now. i went back to go get them a copy but you don't. weave and doors so much pain have these moments where we didn't have anybody and it's how you know but a lot of people tell me about those moments when i take their photograph and talk about our trauma and talk about the injustice. what can i do what can white people do to kind of shift the way that they think or i think that for white people it starts with just simply caring about black people and envisioning more equal society allies i don't think that an ally job is to go in and dictate and tell people what to do and give directions this is listen and to take notes. she has arranged a photo shoot in the area of baltimore where she grew up. she photographs her
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brother does many cousin quoting in front of. two generations of family still live on the street. does many quoting have served time in prison one in three black men in the u.s. it's a felony conviction. just over seven prison. i was forced to come out of this trying to provide a way from. where we were forced into this we don't have. the right to tell you. the forces on the street and basically no difference there for. is there a pay phone with i'm not even to put a. it was dark a bring my son. is community my family my whole family stuck in this community when you look back across the generations the advantages that white people have put in
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position for themselves and all black people and yeah the disadvantaged as i might be was small just because you're white you should never bet up there in the me i don't think so but that's just like him and then think about as far from his father it always was this event was right so for a black person pieces us was very. true i give something back about a child not to think about it we just want to push for some are the put the spotlight on us and give us a little bit of hope and then but i was determined what we will do with how we don't wait out that suit up over so scar we've askey to speak out because a surprise we portrayed him is as if we who would but we're not we so scarred that we don't even want to speak out because we're afraid of the next person to look at . you guys are going to take this with me you know trying trying to spread the message. i mean i came here to listen and to
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learn you know and it seems like such a small thing. just to hear these stories. is it's not small because quality he got emotional and even my brother got emotional because i have people listening to him you know people really fight it down mad we don't really talk about it because it happens so much it's not news it's not new . quality and no he didn't want to say that stuff for a long time he got kids he got a family you know and they all live in poverty it is the as still living in poverty is this is not the dream for us. i later discovered that the continuing existence of the real. white neighborhoods and poor black neighborhoods in baltimore is not accidental but a legacy of decades of deliberate racial discrimination. in the mid one nine
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hundred thirty s. the us government was encouraging people to buy their own homes by offering federal loans however most black people were systematically refused mortgages. in addition government and financial institutions to up maps disqualifying some areas for subsidies readline zones usually defined as neighborhoods where black people live. this deliberate denial of equal opportunities for black people to buy real estate is a major reason for the wealth gap between blacks and whites that exist today. my efforts to educate myself in america's hidden history lead me to two academics who have spent years researching the racial wealth gap in america and the reasons for it hello i am james say have a good nature person what does that inequality look like in the aftermath of the civil war blacks may have all the less than one person of the american wealth.
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what's particularly striking and disturbing about that figure is that if we look at the comparable measure today it's about two percent so we have a wealth position for black americans today that in a relative is not very different from what it was at the end of slavery is there an unpaid debt that is. to black people in america yes the estimates can run as high as seventeen trillion dollars there was an opportunity to reverse the consequences of slavery instead for really enslaved folks never received the forty acres and a mule that they were promised if that type of land reform it actually taken place it would have completely altered the trajectory of wealth inequality by race in the united states we got the destruction of black communities that had developed some
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measure of prosperity through white massacres that took place from the period of about eight hundred eighty through about nineteen forty. the midwestern community of greenwood in tulsa oklahoma was the most affluent black community in america with over three hundred black owned businesses known as black wall street. in main one nine hundred twenty one the whole thirty five block neighborhood was obliterated by a white mob triggered by a false rumor that a black man had raped a white girl homes businesses schools and churches were burned and bombed and over one hundred people died. while a massacre after another in a sort of rolled across the country all of these riots where thousands of black people were killed if you study history you see that this is been a continuous. a continuous assault on by people yeah we we think there is a giant. and we think it needs to be met because i think it is
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a just response to america's history my family's. you know status and wealth has as has been has benefited from from their choice to enslave people the total number is staggering of whites who owned at least one black body you know it would have at least half at least half up the population good white population i actually met recently the descent descendants of one of the people my family enslaved and found out that i had actually known this this woman a stellar who's ninety years old now most of my life was her full name. her name is. sorry i'm blanking on her last name stella. it's telling you know that she's many years your senior and yet you refer to her by
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her first name right. there it is right there i mean i don't mean any disrespect. to check. well apparently no one else in their family has referred to her by any other in the affair but were direct about yeah yeah no you're absolutely right i think it probably made both of us uncomfortable you know for you for you to call me out there. maybe negative and maybe not sympathetic to this. i had no idea that the wealth gap between whites and blacks is still so huge today . sandy and kirsten have convinced me that the case for reparations is overwhelming . i wonder if more white americans would agree with me if they knew how much of their wealth advantage is stalling and honor and. i
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mean houston texas to meet a group of people whose views i'd like to understand black separatists have. not been there to pick up on the awful thing that the new black panther party has been described as a fairly racist organization whose leaders have encouraged violence against whites and police. yakin and been yeah one of its former leaders is now chairman of a new organization the people's new black panther party that claims to disavow hatred. is that right here. you you should not just know one thing by going i grew up in virginia so yeah yeah i've shot counts of the right yeah ok i don't own any myself right really and you know and a gun for ten years. for the panthers are planning a patrol in the southwest of the city where there have been some recent shootings
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you read a road map. we don't like the police come to town i would neighborhoods patrol and i would neighborhoods and so we should give an example of how we can be self determining. the polies out here killing our you know people on the home and we were patrolling our own neighborhoods we wouldn't have these situations occur so. we have a message of separation we don't want to continue to live with white america hating boyd hasn't worked out we've tried everything we've worked we've served we. you know for equal rights and we continue to be in the same situation all right so this is the group fritz and i. know you both but. you know then a thing is going on without people who will want to call the police on one another stuff like that when we deal with young boys these days in the household will single mothers and things like that you have a mom yeah yeah yeah i'm
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a number down so that's what we do and i have a couple. but nothing new to tell i do think it's a little but it seems like when you come out here people are pretty interested in what you're doing we come out in the community and people see us it excites them and of course you go to police now yeah yeah we got a caller in here so we are just there would always help but they never thought oh we're told we're doing our legal rights we're not going to have peace and all right you have a good day all right all right. we're going to do a quick safety check. texas is open carry state laws don't have in a felonies on your record anything like that it's ok for you to open carry is legal . the huey p. newton gun club is the defense arm of the party there's a lot of different ways to fight racial injustice why do you think you know armed patrols this is is the way to go we had bustling black towns and we were very
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strong economically but what happened was we lacked a weapon and we're going to have to defend ourselves and this that's the bottom line self-defense what role do you think white people have been. in working towards more equality a lot of people who are afraid to say this a word reparations is a bad word is going to be associated with things like welfare and government handouts and stuff like that is not a government handout i think reparations as well overdue let's go ahead and move out. a few weeks ago materials call for compensation man surprised me but i'm starting to notice a pattern amongst a diverse range of activists soft three it's obvious we know that we're not but. as a white person i'm way out of my comfort zone but. i don't agree with their separatist message in armed patrols but i don't feel any hatred from black to throw
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don't look too strong so just to be clear those those views hate against whites and tyson anti-semitism you don't identify with that no no we're different organization we want a different leadership we're not a hate group we don't hate anybody our way actions show we don't hate anybody so how do you feel about that how do you want to live separate do you think will i totally out of my mind that you think we can all get along. i have got hope that we can get along you know especially if white people are going to come around to the. idea of reparations and and you know trying to make a more fair and equal society because if this doesn't change just some point it's not going to be pretty it's going good bad to a point where we begin to some point to race wars when we end up breaking out and just the point i was going to get to now is give me hope because nothing is changing and hopefully you see that i'm coming from a good place and i just want what's best for my children and my grandchildren that's common after me well look i'm and i think there's a couple things that we don't agree on but i think upstart understand where you're
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coming from or how we both learned some things always try to take things away from a conversation. that protests. not far from houston is where the last american slaves were finally freed in eight hundred sixty five. it's depressing to realize that after one hundred fifty years some black people feel so let down that they think separation is their only option . making a difference seems almost impossible. but i'm determined to do something. paid anita. i want to get this here and they made this thank you thank you for coming to need invites me to the national gathering of coming to the table where this year's theme is reparations. is.
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over the next two days i attend several discussions on what white people can do to help. these ranged from scholarship funds for african-americans. to tips on how to talk to other white people about racial inequality. the conference gives me a lot of good ideas to take away. there's someone from the coming to the table gathering that i want to meet again. i need to apologize for something thoughtless i said earlier i meet up with stephen at a historic house in harrisonburg virginia stevens trying to raise the funds to save it of the parents that constructed his home or hands that will formally held in bondage we were talking and you said you know that's what it's like being a black man in virginia and i said i could imagine. i mediately felt pretty foolish for saying that but i don't think you could even imagine what it's like to be
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a black man in the state of virginia i have to be mindful of every single thing that i say every single place that i go every single thing that i do my body language my you know mannerisms my home i mean you know it's it's it's not lost upon me that i have never experienced what it truly means to be free black people in the united states of america or anywhere near free. where you consider. that with one for small. that with one. violation of the fragility of the feelings of white people are very lives could be taken away from us and ended and against it what else can you know a white person like me do i want you to see. oh that despite the best efforts of your ancestors. despite. the most
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cunning and conniving and destructive of plots and plans that were devised by your ancestors my ancestors overcame what i'm saying as i'm hoping that you can recognize then that we are equal. because there was a time not that long ago but where your people didn't see mind that way i think it's up to people such as yourself and myself us together to try to do whatever is necessary to michel we don't perpetuate these lies would you agree absolutely my man can agree one. could you follow us please. on the last night of the national gathering don't need to ask me to join her at the james river in richmond to walk the same trail as her enslaved ancestors. lived in the south of the.
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us a. deal like the folk lore society are staging a reenactment specially for coming to the table belly by. africans captured traded dragged from their motherland. and the odor after. ten weeks at sea so if. this concealed cargo disembarked only at night to the crack of the whip in the shadows and same. thing. ha. ha.
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what should. he know math. know that. let's go. now. for over an hour i walked the same dirt path that hundreds of thousands of the slave dafur kens were forced to follow. as i think about the magnitude of their suffering and sacrifice i feel a deep in sense of shame and sorrow that their descendants have never received a formal apology or a penny in compensation from the u.s. government. so that was really intense. it was absolutely humbling. and i just kept thinking about everything that had been taken away from the people that arrived on the shores. and how there's no way that that could ever be given back to them.
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i decided to join the fight for reparations. not just because of my ancestors. but because morally it's the right thing to do. all of us must take responsibility for repayment vast debt owed to black people so that future generations can finally have an equal share of the opportunities and wealth of this nation it works. a journey of personal discovery. more american here and then more in the algeria is a mirror image of our own highlights the struggles and results of honest man made to the mask and people trying to preserve their way of life. is one a because hope it isn't our foes who are on. your mom's from here you can. al-jazeera correspondent we are still here.
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al i was rather more clouds new been used to the whole of iran turkmenistan and right up towards our multi behind it given that this is coming so if you think the i'd be quite cold and you'd be right to think that attention all mati as the sun comes out will be about three degrees is fifteen in kabul plenty of snow up in the foothills of the himalayas as grand rises going to for us now after all and then we're left behind the dropping tension ahmadi down to zero couple hasn't changed very much and we've lost the climb the sun is tonight so most of iran the sheraton is possible and that's by john all the northwest of iran and the clouds rather more obvious in kuwait but look at the time she's everything is below thirty now been quite a big drop with exception maybe of karate and the arabian peninsula to go see temps is at best probably thirty two quite often below that shouldn't particularly warm for this time of the year and the result of quite
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a few days of showers popping up here and there and this still potentially there for the u.a.e. but there are other world to see so on the western side of society of the high ground and beyond focusing on medina and mecca not so much for this size. useful rain i hope it will be is developing in south africa once again the eastern side of the eastern cape from johannesburg south woods is a wet two days. in south career around two million dogs are eaten every year but now animal rights groups want the ancient tradition taken off the menu want to when he's depressed a good. friend or food. on november sixth the united states will vote will president donald trump gain or lose ground will be live in the white house here on capitol hill as the results come in join us for
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special coverage of the u.s. midterm elections on al-jazeera. sri lanka's parliament is likely to be convened next week the country's newly appointed prime minister tells al-jazeera he will prove his majority. he won't you know just zero life from a headquarters in doha i'm also ahead no response yet from saudi arabia a day after turkey officially reveals details of his murder. searchers in indonesia recover parts of the black box from the lion air flight that crossed monday killing one hundred eighty nine people. i'm guessing the baldwin and.

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