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tv   NEWS LIVE - 30  Al Jazeera  December 1, 2018 11:00am-11:34am +03

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it's approaches which is not only crossing social boundaries in france but it's also spreading beyond its borders yellow vests have appeared in brussels now square as far as the french island of re-union in the indian ocean. more than was mixed the more it was a new source for your hustle the movement was not born out of a political position or that i'm a wide range of concerns as it allows people to be part of it. person mccraw is in argentina for the g twenty but he cannot escape reminders of the spreading rebellion back home david chase to al-jazeera paris former bosnian military commander nasa has been acquitted of war crimes or it's led the defense of the besieged town of seventy eight's a and was accused of killing three said prisoners the town fell to bosnian serb forces in one thousand nine hundred five who killed more than eight thousand bosnian men and boys one of europe's top academic institutions says it's being forced to shut down hungary's government has refused to license the central
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european university a move critics believe as part of efforts to silence dissenting voices china reports from budapest. central europe was not colonized by for close to thirty years the central european university in budapest has dispensed world class degrees to students from more than one hundred countries but it's days in hungary are numbered. the one going up the land started and all i was campaigning against liberal intellectuals in fact intellectuals far of any stripe. and has been limiting economic freedom in state owned and state run universities for a long time c.e.u. is a private institution of the government's refusal to renew its legal certification means courses are moving to vienna but first by way of a protest campus outside parliament. it's not quite the hungary an uprising all over again but they want people to know that their government is
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threatening to close a university on european soil for the first time since world war two once this becomes true miscible here it becomes permissible anywhere anywhere in europe anywhere in the west that it would be a catastrophe for hungary and i just don't see what sort of a government would destroy that so why is it so tristrem to them suppose they don't want independent thought they don't want. the use of hangry to be able to assess critically their propaganda so here is a grand european democracy and academic freedom side by side of course in political science would teach that they are mutually dependent on one another but here in hungary they're in mutual decline. the battle to save c.e.u. looks likely to be lost the latest defeat for hungary's beleaguered liberal forces opposed to prime minister viktor orban and his populist nationalist policies or ban has targeted not just free thought and speech but also immigration and foreign
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n.g.o.s his most recent election campaign was fronted by posters of hunger in-born billionaire george soros with claims that soros plans to flood europe. illegal migrants and refugees the sea was founded and is funded by george soros and one of its alumni is government spokesman zoltan kovacs why are you now choose to go after this institution that soros found and nobody is going after one particular institution as i mentioned to you the higher education always a political to all universities and institutions operating under but this university is going to find it difficult to function in the future is it probably for the reason that it was privileged in an undue way that privilege is not going for any other university or higher education institution in this country. if not the last nail in the coffin certainly one of many don't know how to zero budapest a british student is facing trial in egypt for taking a photograph of
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a military helicopter nineteen year old muhammad fathy abacha sam was detained on arrival at alexandria airport last week after taking a picture through a window of the plane he was on. he said to his election victory with promises to clean up mexico's notorious corruption and devastating cartel crime and later on saturday andres manual lopez obrador will be sworn into office before a nation expecting big changes john heilemann looks at the challenges that. makes korea's new president won by a landslide it'll be even swearing in under his money well lopez obrador known by his initials as still polarizes mexico left his savior to some danger to democracy for others. supporters nicknamed him love as a trusting him to come good on his election promises cut down corruption and equality in crime. cut to pick the country's most populous municipality has its
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fair share of the mold in the local market we found people desperate for a new start service he wanted them to let fear if there's change at the security because crime has shot up with off the most of people a lot of girls big break. in that was a customer thought is a textbook voter male young and university educated but does obrador always said he puts the pool first but his appeal why did this election in those are typical of him to look it was because i believe what people are looking for is peace security employment and petrol prices that don't go up that's what i want to. pose persistent problems among others the finally give mamelodi opportunity he's looking for in his third attempt at the presidency this is what he's taking on why he supports this is so desperate to change more than forty percent of the population is poor the murder rate is the worst on record and the current ruling
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administration has left a trail of corruption scandals you know is one of them low says he can change all that because despite being a career politician says he challenges the system. precisely what worries me here in point a to move for its conservatism leather work and now being the only state that didn't vote for the president the other. said every change is uncertain especially for a party that practically just march this year and is full of those who deserted either party. some worry that a populist who says who govern by example who got a power to himself rob them reliable makes clothes really weak institutions he's already used to referendum kunstler thirteen billion dollars. by his own party the only about one percent of the electorate voted was a study done it doesn't look good that he's doing that when he's not even president
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yet how many millions got lost in that. spooked business sector are asking the same questions but even the skeptics we talked to joined with lopez obrador stands in hoping despite the new man comes good job home in. mexico city. this is al jazeera and these are the top stories the world's economic powers are in argentina for the g. twenty summit which is meant to focus on trade and climate change the u.s. mexico and canada have signed a new trade deal as president donald trump and china's leadership saying prepare for their trade talks on saturday alan fischer has more from but as areas. what are we expecting to see from the g. twenty well all twenty countries are hoping that they can agree on a communique something that has marks solid achievements here at this gathering
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you'll remember the u.n. secretary general was saying they needed to put aside the regional differences the arguments they were having with each other and come up with a global solutions to global problems the difficulty the face is that the last twenty donald trump wouldn't sign up to anything that mentioned climate change one of the key issues here and also the americans have refused to sign up to communicate his previous international gatherings this year so it will be interesting to see if there is any progress if they've been able to put differences aside and come up with a solution that everyone agrees on but the summit's been overshadowed by the presence of saudi crown prince mohammed bin someone who's appeared largely isolated he's been confronted by some leaders over the murder of saudi journalist jamal khashoggi boss he was warmly greeted by russia's president that i'm a person who standoff with ukraine is also a contentious issue ukraine's president has banned russian males between the ages
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of sixteen and sixteen from entering the country for a month the government in kiev has also imposed martial law after russia seized three ukrainian ships and twenty four sailors during a naval confrontation on sunday the u.s. says it's cutting the number of troops of the mexican border from five thousand six hundred to about four thousand however the trumpet ministrations says it now plans to extend the troop deployment until january many asylum seekers are living in tents an earthquake has hit parts of the u.s. state of alaska damaging buildings and roads in the city of anchorage there have been no reports of deaths or injuries president ronald tran tweeted that no expense would be spared in helping repair the damage. join me here for more news after the lights are on. but there's nowhere to hide do you think we're going to see some kind of sea change in the u.s. relationship with saudi arabia i haven't said it's
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a right wing conspiracy or anybody's conspiracy up front on al-jazeera. you can. see. the u.n. headquarters in new york she's just taken over one of the most challenging jobs in the world the former chilean president. is the new u.n. high commissioner for human rights because show dreamer the wars in yemen and in syria around the plight of the rohingya in myanmar are among the top issues on her agenda as the u.n. prepares to mark a key milestone is the world backsliding on human rights globally un high commissioner for human rights. talks to algiers if. we show
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a high commissioner for human rights thank you for talking to al-jazeera we're going to talk about the concerns of human rights around the world now but i'd like to start this interview back seventy years in history when this rather remarkable document was signed the universal declaration of human rights very briefly tell me why this was important then and is still important now well you know the world has gone through two wars with all the consequences and also gone through a very very i would say grave economic depression so everybody was saying how can we ensure that this will never happen again so they decided to set which where the principles and the main balance that. every human being should have which were their main rights they were to have everywhere doesn't matter where he lived just for the for the recent to be human be and that's the main issue. it said
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very set of standards that i think were important yesterday and continue to be important today if you look at the world some people could say when you look so many new terrible news many times. there was just a paper and nothing happened with it but it's not true because we have a balance on this seventy years still we have problems but can you imagine seventy years ago we had in many places of the world colonialism slavery apartheid women couldn't vote only in some countries they could board i mean there was so women were dying were given birth in files and files and still we have the problem but as this minister so there has been progress made but you see there's been progress. in recent years have we been sliding backwards let me read you the words of one of his last speeches of your predecessors so you'd rather. he said oppression is fashionable again the security state is barack and fundamental freedoms are in
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retreat in every region of the world you face a big challenge as you know multilateralist my son that attack and and there are some pushback some human rights too it gives me the impression that sometimes when some leaders of the world speak. relativizing human rights and saying that or multilateralism other feel like there's a license to say it so particularly the most powerful leader in the world president trump is what i'm saying there are many leaders because sometimes you know when you see in some parts of europe for example this. tendency or center for or dislike semitic believe you feel that something has happened even a country you were never thought that i mean maybe we took for. anted that much of the progress will be forever and the only but i'm not pessimistic i mean i don't give up i believe we need to push back on the push back we need to ensure that women's rights are really protected and and and ensure we need to continue to
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progress in that good to be a people who love their lives freely and without fear so people want to live freely and in peace but as a young woman you couldn't do that under the dictatorship of general pinochet in your country. i know that your father was arrested and died in custody you and your mother were also arrested given that experience of the time of human rights abuse how does that now help you do this job or the first think thing i would like to highlight is that living and haven't been raised in a democracy i took that for granted i thought that was normal then when we had the experience of the dictatorship we learned that there was not like that that we needed to the fund democracy to ensure that it could continue i could tell that little anecdote i had a meeting with some n.g.o.s in our sky commission and there was this people who are the floor and he said to me i'm so happy that you were in jail and tortured so i
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say come on i know what he meant he meant you i mean we're not telling what happened to art to somebody who could understand the only sort of rationally or directly i mean you know what we're talking about but on the other hand i have had the other experience of being in office of baling government so i think both experiences bring me some some understanding profound and deep understanding of the complexities of this issue is on one hand on the importance of respecting and protecting and promoting human rights but on the other hand i do understand how people make decisions what are the obstacles sometimes and how we can deal with that how i can engage government to solve those problems. you probably get some understanding or some of the worst places on earth for example syria you read through this universal declaration and you would not forgive the
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people of syria for the last seven and a half years to say none of this applies to there where you have had an awful awful toy has the international community and the u.n. failed the people of syria you know for me is a particularly. painful because i was here during women when this started and i was so like because i'm a doer of course i think i can think i have thoughts but i because have been enough to executive power i really like to think how can we do things faster how can we try to identify a solutions that could permit first of all i would say prevent because sometimes there are early warnings and when you identified those early warning signs if you have not only early warning signs but early action you could prevent so that's for me is i'm not sure if you can say that the u.n. has failed i think that everyone has faith in him because he has been so
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complicated i mean the international community as a whole is now the u.n. is the international community member states that are are engaged. with syria on the different parts so i feel that i hope that. that conflict ends that because it has been so many so many casualties not only death people but also injured and also i mean until now you could tell that there are people killed because of airstrikes and on the other hand it's. geishas had done that in aleppo chemical weapons have been used again now from the armed non-governmental forces against civilians so i think we need to work hard i know that people will be. they're on the ground working trying to do their best we need to continue doing our best to stop that war from and how do you get accountability for these awful crimes
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in syria because since this was produced seventy years ago we had another important development which is the international criminal court which came into being a war operation at least about fifteen years ago and yet the route to that court is blocked the security council russia and china have used their veto is there a problem here with accountability and are you ever going to stop human rights abuses on the scale if you don't have accountability the thing is that even though we haven't had access directly to syria we have been mourning touring from lebanon . and so we have information that we have been sort of consolidating and we have a lot of information that when the moment comes to national to winners or international or if it the i.c.c. it's consider is under the jurisdiction we will provide all that information after a conflict in many countries there comes
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a period of transitional justice i mean and that's very important to be able to ensure accountability mechanism. how that transitional justice goals how it develops will depend on the each country for example one more the doing there as south africa had another colombia peace agreement have another but it will be there will be transitional justice and there will be people held accountable so one side one person has been in charge throughout this president assad yes do you think president assad will stand trial eventually should he stand trial there should be. accountable mechanism that work in syria because not only governmental forces.

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