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tv   NEWSHOUR  Al Jazeera  December 1, 2018 4:00pm-5:01pm +03

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hello again the top story. former u.s. president george herbert walker bush has died aged ninety four he launched the first gulf war in iraq. war world leaders are in argentina for day two of the g. twenty summit the u.s. and chinese presidents are meeting to discuss the ongoing trade war between the two countries. the saudi crown prince. has been largely isolated at the g. twenty summit the russian president vladimir putin warmly welcomed him. while the saudi crown prince sent eleven messages to the man who oversaw the killing of germany in the hours before and after his murder that's according to the wall street journal which has seen excerpts from a highly classified cia assessment on the case the report comes as president the secretary of state michael peo say there was no direct evidence linking the crown
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prince to the journalists mohamed joining us from istanbul what more are we learning about this report by the wall street journal. yes study and this is the first detailed glimpse of the contents of the cia report that is highly classified as you mentioned we knew about it according to the top being handed to the chief of the cia we know about the report itself that the cia gave to the congress and the president in which he said that it has a high level of confidence that conference mohammed said man or that the killing however we know that also the president said he may maybe he didn't maybe he did not order the killing and that's depending on the fact he said but there is no smoking gun evidence but this report shows that mohammed said man was in a high level of coordination with his chief advisers so i wouldn't buy any during that time exactly during the time that she was killed in the consulate behind me
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eleven messages before and after the moment of the killing of the journalists on also. that was when the find himself was exchanging messages with his team of fifteen men who conducted the operation so there was a complete circuit of coordination and communication between the three levels the men who made the killing a man in between and the high prince of the crown prince also more details about the conference himself having been thinking and coordinating this operation for a long time in august in august two thousand and seventeen the journal won't see journal quoted him as saying to some of his aides that if we can't have him out hotshot to return to saudi arabia we can you him to another country and make arrangements lots of details there by this journal about by this newspaper about circumstantial evidence that mohammed said man was in charge of this
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operation from the beginning and that it has been top of mind for him for some for a long time before it was conducted it's also mentioned something very interesting we know that saudi arabia prosecuting saudi arabia announced that. seventeen men or eighteen men were detained now we know that some got funding from the journal is still out and about in the pollies still coordinating activities of the crown prince and he has not been detained all right porting from istanbul thank you the new united nations human rights chief has told al-jazeera it's time for the u.n. to investigate these death michelle was speaking to our diplomatic editor james bays as part of our talk to al-jazeera program. almost two months after jamal khashoggi was murdered and dismembered in the saudi consulate in istanbul the saudi and turkish investigations remained separate and seem to be going nowhere saudi arabia is refusing to hand over the suspects it's arrested and it hasn't given the
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turkish authorities any idea of the whereabouts of the journalists body and now in an interview for talked to al jazeera the new high commissioner for human rights michel bashir lay says the time has come for an international investigation when the boat. is it time for the u.n. to set up an investigation i think it is time i mean i don't have that in my might monday i'll be the secretary general to do that well where i think they're looking at which are the best ways of doing it but i think they should be international. and because we cannot do criminal investigation you need you need to be sure what the mechanism that can that can do that i have asked the u.n. . to look for the best mechanism to go into your body the u.n. secretary general antonio good terrorists currently at the g twenty summit is sticking to his position that he won't act until he gets
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a referral from one of the un's major bodies the security council general assembly or human rights council and from one of the countries of the un we do need a legal mandate from a legislative body or and of course also a request. or at least a request from from a member state that has not that has not come and just to be clear those conditions and requirements you've made those two requirements those are legal conditions or are they just things that the secretary general things he thinks he needs as political cover in case the saudi subjects sometimes had to give you any it's hard to. separate the two it's the secretary general's positions and it remains it's worth recalling in twenty sixteen the previous secretary general put saudi arabia on a blacklist of countries that target children in conflict zones when the saudis threatened to pull the humanitarian funding to the u.n.
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the secretary general took them off the list the u.n. won't confirm whether it's received in the new threats from saudi arabia james bays out his era of the united nations. the u.s. says it will cut the number of troops at the mexico border from five thousand six hundred to around four thousand but it plans to extend the deployment of those left until january on the other side of the frontier mexican authorities have been moving asylum seekers from an overcrowded shelter into juana to a nearby events hall but heavy rain is hampering efforts to ensure everyone has enough food and shelter castro has more from one of the camps. u.s. helicopters have been buzzing the border between san diego and here to want to mexico even as the u.s. military says it is lowering the number of troops deployed to the border though it's tending their deployment until late january this is all happening as the central american asylum seekers who have been counting on this baseball field for
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more than two weeks are now packing up after two days of rain that turned these conditions unsanitary with outdoor bathrooms and people bathing exposed to the elements unable to keep their children dry the federal government of mexico has now opened an event center about fifteen minutes from here and is working to convince the last of these asylum seekers to board buses to go to that covered shelter that has not been an easy task though there are many here who are refusing to leave despite the conditions they say that because the u.s. border wall is so close their goal within sight that is the vision that drove them to walk more than a month from their homes in central america to skate violence and poverty the vast majority of these seekers say they denounce the attempts to cross the border illegally they say they will wait even if it does take months or even more than
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a year to file their asylum claim with the u.s. authorities that wait is because the u.s. is accepting fewer than one hundred asylum claims a day leading to that day after day of struggling to get to the next for these the central american asylum seekers hackers may have stolen information from as many as five hundred million guests off the marriott international hotel chain the hackers targeted the change starwood reservation database over the past four years it could be one of the biggest dot of breaches on record exposing credit card details numbers and birth dates the f.b.i. is investigating martin luther king is a visiting professor at the u.s. naval academy and the author of cyber the turin's on cyber war he says major companies must do more to protect people's data. it's been five years this christmas and target was hacked. roughly about seventy million people had their
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credit card stolen and the c.e.o. lost his job and you would think that corporations would take a lot more care to figure out who's getting the databases apparently from what i understand it was only recently that mary out understood that it was getting unauthorized accesses the some of the data that should have been. should have been much better protected than it was so i have to confess a lot of this is a mystery to me it's been observed that gurgles of the sin from asian has made its way into criminal markets these people have been taking credit card numbers for instance for four years and yet nobody seems to have had their accounts looted as a result and that makes a lot of professionals believe that the folks who are interested in the data were not criminals but they were asked intelligence agencies and they were basically trying to do correlate the movements of people that they had information on with the hotel arrangements of these people ok try to find out for instance whether two
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suspicious characters were in the same place at the same time. movie stars from arab countries and around the world are gathering in doha this week as the sixth film festival kicks off in the qatari capital sites providing a platform for local filmmakers this year's event features a wide range of international films for more than thirty countries bari reports. and the look this is made in qatar one of the highlights of the annual film festival it consists of sixteen short films directed written and starring and all qatari cast. and this was their moment in the spotlight away from you for your very quickly film festival has become more international eighty one films from thirty six countries are taking part including twenty four
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films from the arab world and forty four by women filmmakers the theme of this year's festival is a voice for generations of course that insisted we select interesting films for the people to hear to see films that are of like a social meaning that helps them you know impose a positive and played forward and look forward you know to a brighter future. that willingness to introduce arab films to the international cinematic stage is what brought one of the biggest stars in hollywood to doha and so curious to see what i can take away from and learn from the qatari filmmakers because i assume they're coming at storytelling from a completely different perspective than we are in the west and there's only something to be gained from seeing their storytelling. is the award winning film by lebanese director nadine the baki because it has
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already won the jury prize at the cannes film festival and will be submitted for the academy awards it tells the story of a twelve year old boy lebannon who ends up suing his parents for bringing him into this world when they can't afford to take care of him. this emotional and powerful film has received rave reviews across the world and also highlights the as ya. but beyond that it's makes them more universal issues of poverty human rights and the global refugee crisis. the film's writer and director says it is critical for people to see these issues in films it's important that we acknowledge that of course we all know that this exists and that it's important that we change our point of view that we humanize the problem and that's why a symon cinema is important because it does humanize a program. a growing festival in a culturally diverse arena encouraging local and regional filmmakers to pursue
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their passion and tell their stories to the world's door such a bar al jazeera doha. hello again the headlines on al-jazeera former u.s. president george herbert walker bush has died aged ninety four he launched the first gulf war on iraq in one thousand nine hundred one and ushered america to the end of the cold war as the soviet union collapsed a former senior advisor to the u.s. central command he says the gulf war will be a major part of bush's bush sr's legacy i think he will primarily be remembered of course for very wisely and craftily getting saddam out of kuwait he did so in a restrained matter that accomplished the mission of course what would come to be known as the powell doctrine he used overwhelming force to achieve the objective of
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ejecting iraq from kuwait but did not go to baghdad and to the quagmire which unfortunately his son would come to do two decades later world leaders are in argentina for day two of the g. twenty summit the u.s. and chinese presidents are meeting to discuss the ongoing trade war between the two countries in recent months they've imposed tariffs on each other's imports leading to concern about the impact on the global economy but the summit's been overshadowed by the presence of the saudi crown prince mohammed bin said a man who has appeared large the isolated he's been confronted by some leaders over the murder of saudi journalist. but was greeted warmly by russia's president vladimir putin who standoff with ukraine is also a contentious issue well the saudi crown prince sent a leaven messages to the man who oversaw the killing in the hours before and after his murder that's according to the wall street journal which has seen excerpts from a highly classified cia assessment on the case the report comes as president trump and the secretary of state michael peo say there was no direct evidence linking the
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crown prince to the journalist's death. hackers may have stolen information from as many as five hundred million guests of the marriott international hotel chain the hackers targeted the chain starwood reservation database over the past four years it could be one of the biggest breaches on record exposing credit card details passport numbers and birth dates the f.b.i. is investigating. those are the latest headlines. inside story is coming up next we'll have more news for you in less than thirty minutes time we'll see you then bye. but there's no way to hide do you think we're going to see some kind of scene change in the u.s. relationship with saudi arabia i haven't said it's a right wing conspiracy or anybody's conspiracy up front own al jazeera. palestinian children in israeli jails it's claimed nine hundred were arrested this
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year rights groups say some are interrogated beaten and made to confess to minor offenses is israel complying with international law and what are the rights of the children this is inside story. hello and welcome to the program i'm homage enjoy him last year the arrest of palestinian teen activist i had to me sparked international outrage and condemnation it also drew attention to the plight of hundreds of other young palestinians locked up each year in israeli prisons this week two of the youngest were released will join our guests in a moment but first a touch of a name with this report on the homecoming for one of those youths.
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with three birthdays spent in prison fifteen year old shaddy fara savored the media attention after crossing the calendar checkpoint in the occupied west bank and returning home to palestinians. it's the best feeling in the world the feeling of freedom nothing like it. for a was twelve when he and his friend ahmed zaatari were arrested in their village in two thousand and fifteen israeli authorities charged him with possession of a knife and plotting an attack despite taking a plea deal he denies this thanks to his mother's tireless efforts in. merged as the face of palestinian children in israeli prisons human rights groups say they're often coerced into confessing to crimes they didn't commit the palestinian prime minister's office says there are two hundred seventy children in israeli jails this year more than nine hundred have been arrested children report being
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subjected to physical violence and put in solitary confinement during interrogations according to the rights group defense for children. during the interrogation and whenever we say something they don't like they turn the cameras off they beat us they put us through psychological torture but it was worse for our family as a spokesman with the israeli police didn't respond directly to the allegations but explained their procedures there was a clip protocol that we go according to notify the parents of their being involved in an attack notify a lawyer if necessary as well and of course according to the standard procedure they will appear before the court that is what takes place in israel and of course in many cases as well everything of course is documented and even filmed human rights groups say israel needs to be held accountable a lot of. things that are you know unisons and to try to ask
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international community as to what. is right but it says in the coming days weeks and months human rights groups say once the euphoria dissipates the forum may very well have difficulties coming to terms with the trauma of three teenage years spent in prison natasha going to aim ramallah. all right let's bring in our guests in the ramallah yeah how are you palestinian activist and policy fellow at the palestinian policy network in tel aviv yariv oppenheimer political commentator and former director of peace now and also in ramallah most of all but all of the palestinian politician and secretary general at the palestinian national initiative welcome to you all here at the program now you know how do you let me start with you this case. he's one of the youths that was
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just released in the past few days this is really one of those cases that highlights the concerns about the mistreatment of palestinian children arrested by israeli forces doesn't it yeah it certainly does i mean we really have to turn to target and situation when it comes to the detention of palestinian children about seven hundred palestinian children are prosecuted for the military is ready military court system every year and since two thousand of it there have been over twelve thousand children have been prosecuted for this system. it's a very dangerous system and it's a very abusive system the children are subjected to all different kinds of torture including solitary confinement such a harassment and abuse that often made to sign legal papers without the presence of a lawyer or a guardian and so it's quite unique. in the way to. palestinian
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children although the chump ministration is certainly trying to catch up to them so i think this case you know really is demonstrative of a much wider structure of israeli abuse towards palestinian children yariv oppenheimer let me ask you israel of course is a signatory to the united nations conventions the rights of the child rights groups say that it ignores the agreements restrictions when dealing with palestinian children do you think that is the case. i think that the situation is very bad i don't think that it's like the norm for the sexual abuse of children is being made in israeli jails this is not true and when you get such an incident it will be it will be treated by the israeli army so it's not it's not so bad like hit it was mentioned before but still it's spread widespread because eventually when you get in you need to have it set if you we have a democracy so if a teenager has been arrested there's a special law that protect him in force the government and the police actually to
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call the lawyer before investigation and this all is not being applied on palestinian teenagers in the west bank because the law in these well is different to palestinian then to israelis and this is something that we as israel has to fix and to make it balance so they can. really teenager has will be exactly the same why it's like a palestinian has however. we do see that many times teenager palestinian that when they are being arrested they are being investigated without the option of for getting a tony next to them and sometimes without sleeping before that in the middle of the night being taken from their houses i think it's very bad the israeli government will say to you listen we are not in forcing these where you know because it's not israel however because israel is not accepting the fact that this is an occupied territories so all the conventions are not applying as well on the west bank so
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there is some limbo here that the palestinian teenager has nobody and no institute they can protect their rights i do think that these really n.g.o.s in israel and the israeli military court system is trying to make the situation better but if their world will pay more attention to this issue for sure as well we have to behave differently because the democratic state cannot allow itself to. and not to give them the same rights like israeli children has with inside the state of most of a bottle of the palestinian prime minister's office says there are two hundred seventy children imprisoned in israeli jails and that this year more than nine hundred have been arrested what's your reaction to this. absolutely this is very correct information and israel cannot be called a democracy or a democratic country when it is practicing apartheid when it is practicing racial discriminatory system against palestinians just because they are not jewish and
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israel cannot be called a democracy when it is practicing the longest occupation in modern history and when it comes to children the racial discrimination is very clear. that person is an israeli he would be considered a child if he is below the age of eighteen if it's a palestinian he would be considered a child only if he's below the age of sixteen there is a special israeli military or the military or the one hundred thirty two which allows the rest of children who is twelve years old more than that there are hundreds. of video documents that are available on you tube in other places that show how israeli soldiers even at rest children who are five and six and seven years old and hebrew and in other areas have asked them. because very terrible psychological distress to them even if that is lasts for hours or days and
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this is a totally unacceptable system more than that israeli children would be subjected to civil courts while palestinians are subjected to military courts without israel as was said. that we are a country under occupation and without any respect for conventions so we are talking here about an average of nine hundred palestinian children or arrested every year who are subjected to all forms of torture including physical psychological and definity sexual harassment. if it's not abuse it is at least sexual harassment that many of them are subjected to and there were several cases that were proven in this case. case will show defy the law and that is the case of two young children who were twelve years old when they were arrested they were kept in jail for three years and they've just been released after they have lost a big portion of the childhood they have been subjected to horrible harassment let
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me also tell you that there are three palestinian children today that have been. that have know a fifteen year old fifteen year sentence for have nine year sentence by israeli courts and that is one child who has been sentenced to life imprisonment i don't think this is acceptable and i don't think this shows that israel is a democracy israel is occupying power country that is practicing apartheid and racial discrimination against palestinians and this does not make it a democracy yet of oppenheimer i saw you there shaking your head so i wanted to see if you had a reaction to what most of it was. yeah i think we need to remember two friends first of all as i said before it's bad but it's not like the evil is really is not the evil here and it's not that every child that is being arrested is now is going to going to. suffer from sexual harassment this is this is not this is not the
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reality they're ality is bad but it's not so bad one and more than that we need also remember that everyone we need any it's not the norm if if near but but if they are complains about the kind of wrestling that i'm sure they know me and the police and the legal system in these well we will check it will check we'll check it closely again i think the people are being investigated we doubt to get in the pool of. it meeting the lawyer and sometimes the investigations are taking a lot of time it's bad for children i admit that there are many bad things but it's not so bad and we need also to remember the teenagers also in the palestinian side are you taking the israelis and there are some teenagers palestinian teenagers that even killed in murders israelis we're talking here about a conflict so i think that eventually we need to end but before ending the occupation and having peace with the palestinians is what has to protect itself and
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some of the people that are taking not ifs and trying to kill israelis teenager so what is what should do just to ignore we can to release everyone this is also not an option it's a very complex situation i don't think that is what has to be to be a much better to say that it's so bad and it's just evil people that are looking for children this is not the reality of how it looks like you want to jump in as well before i before i ask you to do so i also want to add to that could you tell me from your vantage point why israel doing this and also from your vantage point do you believe that the palestinian authority has been effective in the way that they are dealing with this is well. look i think it's absolutely abhorrent to say that it's not that. children are detained but seven hundred children a year are detained and tortured and held in solitary confinement and to deny that there is such a harassment and threats of sexual harassment. is absolutely absurd there are
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plenty of organizations including palestinian n.g.o.s such as other mirror which have documented these threats of sexual harassment under such a harassment we saw a leaked video of the interrogation of me where two male interrogators were talking about her body in an absolutely horrific way so i mean i think it's absolutely abhorrent that you could say it's not that bad i think it's terrible that you should arrest any child and what we have to remember here really is that this is a context of seventy over seventy decades seven decades seventy years of israeli oppression of the palestinian people so we have a context in which palestinian children do not have the privilege of not being political they are born into a world of politics and it's a context of apartheid and colonialism so when you have israeli soldiers in the west bank in the middle of the night going to children's homes and arresting them dragging them from their beds you cannot expect that this is not going to influence
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that peers and their friends around them and so i absolutely agree that israel is certainly not a democracy and is practicing a policy of apartheid in colonial ism against the palestinian people now when it comes to the p.a. unfortunately the palestinian authority has not been able to protect its own population in areas in area eight and that's because it was designed to maintain the palestinian population in the area it was developed and set up by the also accords not to deliver palestinian liberation but rather to keep you know the status quo maintain the palestinian people and even an area a because of the security coordination. with israel oh israel is still able to go into these areas and arrest and detain whoever they want some for jimmy the pay the p.a. remains rather impotent in terms of protecting palestinian protecting palestinian children there's a little bit let me get your reaction to what you had to what he was saying they're especially when it comes to the p.a.
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and how as she says they are impotent when it comes to this issue. yeah of course they are important because they are under occupation the palestinian authority is. patient without the real authority and that's why we think that talking about security coordination with israel is nonsense because one side is ok applied by the other but i want to go back to what mr said i think he's trying to say that israelis have criminal not full criminal and criminal is a criminal you cannot be have criminal and the crimes that are committed against children are crimes and this has to be admitted i understand why he feels uncomfortable because he is an israeli in a country that is accused of being an apartheid and that occupying power and he cannot call the israeli palestinian issue a. conflict only it's not a conflict it's an occupation one side will keep buying the other one side has
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displaced seventy percent of the population of the other one side is practice in colonialism and apartheid against that and you cannot prevent people who are occupied and oppressed from one thing to this is against occupation. even children who are participating in participating in the most peaceful nonviolent resistance executive and killed and imprisoned we have hundreds of cases of children who were killed by israeli army. without committing to anything like the four hundred five hundred fourteen children who were killed in gaza in two thousand and fourteen like more than thirty children who were killed in gaza during the peace marches there like a dozen a judge who was not a child yes she was twenty years old who was just health provider first provider who was drifting injured people and she was shot by an israeli soldier and killed and the investigation has been conducted to identify those who committed this crime
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the system of the patient and the system. of apartheid it's creating a situation of injustice and is providing the israeli soldiers what that they are all regionally bad or good with the opportunity of being uncontrolled with the opportunity of being above the international law with the opportunity of committing crime without being asked the way they are committing these crimes this is the problem the situation the context of apartheid and the context of the patient and the context of racial discrimination and stood over time and cares about the people his people and our people he should he should immediately put all his efforts on indigo keep ation ending the system with racism on our part not defending the oppressive system you are of oppenheimer i'm going to allow you to respond as well to mr but all he was saying but but also let me ask you what do the majority of israel not good to think of the of the policy toward palestinian children please go
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ahead. first of all mr barghouti all the things that i did in my mature life i did to in order to end the occupation and i'm saying it out loud israel has to end the occupation and say anything to english and in hebrew and this is what i do all my life to fight the occupation however even when we are fighting the occupation we need to look at the reality and then we need to look at the reality in a very clear we're at the here is that yes there are teenagers palestinian teenagers that are being arrested and they're not been tweeting where and they're not being treated like the moco see the need to treat teenagers however it's not that he it's like the situation is so extreme like it was mentioned here and morgan that we need to take into him into the equation also the need of israel to have security teenagers palestinian teenagers teenagers sometimes out killing israelis
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although we are in a conflict although its occupation you cannot as a state allowed to the other people to kill your people and so it has to do something in order to protect itself i think that what is what we need and has that does a young girl palestinian we need fist of all two ways. is going to listen and of course this is why we are in the conflict there bloody conflict that has to balance that i was saying that what we need to do in that in the issue of. yeah i agree with you and i think that israel is not investigating enough but it is investigating some of the things and their policy is not to kill as many palestinian as you can let's talk about the situation as it is not to make it extreme because then you are losing credibility it's bad i'm saying it's better than not the skinny on behalf of the israeli government i talking about it on behalf of these really people that would like to see human rights that would like to have peace and we are admitting that this is not the government to resupport but
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we need to look at the reality and the reality is that israel also has to protect itself i think it should behave much better to palestinian teenagers i think that we need to wear around this international and we didn't israeli society i was mean ask what is the view of these were the people about this issue i will tell you the truth most of these are lives i'm not aware of this issue they don't know about it and i think that we need to raise awareness for that and more than that many israelis will say when israel resting teenagers actually it's helping us to protect our teenagers because our teenagers are getting missives are getting stabbed in the back and getting been to shoot it so also israeli parents feel that they are very worried for their teenagers and this is why this conflict and this occupation that this is the reason for the conflict has to end and let's do it by discipline because when we are fighting the hatred just raise up in both sides yada howard let
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me take this let me sorry mr booty let me just ask out another question here yeah let's talk for a moment about specifically what kind of effect this is having on palestinian children not just the children who've been imprisoned but also the children who who might want to come out and demonstrate what kind of an impact is all of this having on them. yeah i'd just like to correct something that was said earlier that this is palestinian teenagers it's also palestinian children under the age of twelve so it's not just palestinian children teenagers but it's also very young children now the effect that this entire regime has on them is a very traumatic one and it's a psychologically damaging one that has you know effects for decades on but of course mr oppenheimer would say that it's not that bad it's not that bad for him as an israeli man sitting in tel aviv but it is incredibly bad for the palestinian
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people who have now been facing seven decades of oppression so it's quite amusing for me but certainly not surprising that someone in his position would say that it's not that bad now it's really teenagers on the other hand eighteen year olds are hard enough to run their citizens and really you know in an israeli army scuse me. i think the situation is incredibly bad and i think that's i don't think you know if you really believe it's really teenagers in the west bank who are heavily armed and who are oppressing a palestinian population i mean i think there is a real comparison that has to be made not to go back to in terms of what kind of effect this has on palestinian children there are children in the west bank and in gaza who are suffering an incredible amount. as long lasting effects of trauma post-traumatic stress and of course when they see that their friends their brothers and sisters being arrested it's a very horrific and abnormal circumstance and i think this has to be repeated and
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highlighted the life of palestinians what we have to live for it is not normal it's incredibly normal and it's a continuous structural violence that affects all of us whether we live in the west bank gaza. or in exile whichever bit of it we only have one minute left i'm going to ask you to please make your remarks short but i know you want to jump in to please go ahead. i just say you cannot equate to between and is that a lot of me were teenagers are soldiers equipped with military equipment palestinians and palestinian young people who have been individual cases maybe of people who might turn to violence but the vast majority are injured and killed without engaging in any form of violence just because the occupied by the they are killed by the israeli teenagers who are the rest soldiers you cannot equate between an army and civilian population as a medical doctor i have treated many young palestinians many children who lost
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their limbs who knows that arms will last that hands who lost their future because they were shot at and killed by an occupying endo coopetition and apartheid and there would be peace for everybody all right we have run out of time so we are going to have to leave it there thanks so much to all our guests gary of oppenheimer yada how are you and most of ability and thank you too for watching you can see the program again any time by visiting our website al-jazeera dot com and for further discussion go to our facebook page that's facebook dot com forward slash a.j. inside story you can also join the conversation on twitter our handle is at a.j. inside story for me mama june the whole team here five for now. i. day one of a new era in television news we badly need at this moment leadership and this
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encampment that we're in today it didn't exist three weeks ago now there's at least twenty thousand or hinder refugees who live here on al-jazeera i got to commend you all i'm hearing is good journalism president hosni mubarak has resigned. there shut. off all the laws the attempts of cover ups and the high water diplomacy. his loved ones some form of closure he saw the syrian army flag poised to high in the city as well as posters of syrian president bashar assad to speed record. moments ago two missiles a plan to the hundred meters away from us we're on the frontline but it's. packed up in more than half of our picnic. on counting the cost the g twenty meets in argentina one year later what's changed
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for zimbabweans since the fall of. the blue economy making a splash in kenya. counting the cost and i just. let. that. out let me. know. when age back it can feel like the end. but the song it's a new beginning and one hundred at some point in life you realize you started to go backwards al-jazeera world tells inspirational stories every time no not good so as long as she's healthy she can produce and do something the few times a new lease of life on al-jazeera.
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former u.s. president george h.w. bush who launched the first gulf war has died at the age of ninety four. you're watching from a headquarters and. also ahead u.s. china trade war to take. on the last day of the g. twenty summit u.s. media say the man who oversaw. received messages from the saudi crown prince just before and after the murder. awareness of what one city in south africa is doing to try to reduce the number of infection.
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followed the president who assured america to the end of the cold war and led the nation in the first gulf war against iraq has died george herbert walker bush was ninety four how to go he looks back at the life of the forty first president of the united states the last from a generation of second world war veterans to serve in office. five months ago started this cruel war against kuwait tonight a battle has been joined with those words u.s. president george herbert walker bush staked a place in history his successful campaign to drive saddam hussein from kuwait was the one term president's most significant accomplishment the son of a wealthy republican u.s. senator bush served in the second world war and was elected to two terms in the u.s. congress in the one nine hundred sixty s. president richard nixon became bush's mentor appointing him in bassett or to the united nations in one nine hundred seventy i shall resign the presidency of nixon
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resigned in disgrace but bush a savvy political survivor became head of the cia in one thousand nine hundred eighty six after eight years as ronald reagan's vice president bush entered the white house in one nine hundred eighty nine after a savagely negative campaign less than a year after taking office bush sent troops to invade panama to overthrow manwell noriega a corrupt military ruler who had turned against the us sat him was worn over and over again that the defining moment of bush's presidency came in august of one nine hundred ninety when iraqi tanks rolled into kuwait he ordered a massive military buildup consulted with allies and worked closely with the united nations. american forces flooded into saudi arabia and established bases a development that later was cited by osama bin laden to justify tax against the us once underway the war did not last long iraqi forces fled kuwait in
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a panic to retreat but bush refused to order an advance toward baghdad opting not to topple saddam. in the aftermath of the war bush's popularity quickly began to fade one pledged change to define and haunt his reelection read my lips i. that put broken and his chances hurt by a viable third party candidate he was defeated by bill clinton in one thousand nine hundred two. but before leaving office bush ordered one last military adventure invading somalia to end a famine that invasion sparked a guerrilla conflict with mounting u.s. casualties president clinton hastily pulled out the troops radicals came to believe america was afraid to fight. in retirement bush nurtured the political careers of his sons george w. and jeb but when george w. became president in two thousand he kept the elder bush at arm's length publicly
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making it clear he wasn't seeking his father's advice bush's final years were devoted to charitable works teaming up with his former rival bill clinton to raise tens of millions of dollars for victims of the indian ocean tsunami and later for came katrina's out of office he was a much more popular president than his son honored by the u.s. navy with an aircraft carrier named after him. the word of the nation's highest civilian medal by president barack obama. in his final years he was occasionally hospitalized for breathing issues he told his granddaughter in a television interview he didn't fear death but spoke emotionally reading a letter to his family there may. be they're ready when you are but i'll be there ready when you are my friend. how many grandkids to watch. about it.
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he said he didn't worry about his legacy that would be for others to take up and many of his actions in iraq somalia and saudi arabia had fateful consequences that unfolded years later the war is over with the benefit of hindsight historians will now debate how well george bush served his nation and the world. well now we have reaction in the u.s. president donald trump in the first lady have issued a joint statement to mourn the passing off the former president and they said this would sound judgments common sense and unflappable leadership president bush guided our nation and the world to a peaceful and victorious conclusion off the cold war president he set the stage for the decades of prosperity that have followed and through all that he accomplished he remains humble following the quiet call to service that gave him a clear sense of direction let's say to the dean who is the president of the middle
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east research institute who's joining us live from erbil in iraq thanks for speaking to us on al-jazeera we heard patty and her package say that george bush sr didn't worry about his legacy but how will you and how will the kurds in iraq remember him. well thank you we remember him for quite a number of things good and bad i personally remember him because i was one of the lobbyists one of many lobbies to engage him and his wife barbara bush to ask him to intervene and to stop saddam slaughtering iraqis and the kurds in the aftermath of the korean war when there was a massive exodus of people running towards the borders of iran and turkey which happened immediately after the liberation of kuwait and his intervention ultimate intervention saved the kurds saved millions of lives and created an environment where the kurds managed to establish in the safe haven. an environment for them to
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vote for their government and establish the first parliament and government and ever since it has been in place but the bad thing that people remember him for is that he did very little in the south of iraq in the aftermath of kuwait war watching saddam slaughtering tens of thousands down there and in the years when he was vice president he was also badly remembered for. standing by saddam hussein against iran and defending saddam turning a blind eye to his use of chemical weapons and how larger and beyond of course all these became sort of history once he started supporting the iraqi people sort of supporting the kurds and he also stablished a safe haven for the shias in the marsh areas where they were and their attack and they provided aerial support for them but george bush was a very pragmatic person very engaging person he engaged the goal of reducing gauge
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the other countries in the region in a far more diplomatic and constructive way than the current administration but of course he always also defending in a very similar manner his friends uneasy allies in the interest of united stay. it's irrespective of the consequences but so far as you wish is credit to go ahead sorry i was going to see who's credited for creating an environment in the middle east that pre-purchase for today that led to a weakening of saddam hussein and led to the build up towards the ultimate removal of the regime by his son as well as leading to what is called the arab spring so much of these backgrounds go back to his days when he was president to what extent though. was that decision that coalition that he put together to push iraqi forces out of kuwait in nineteen and nineteen to what extent did that prompt the
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beginning of an era off. heavy u.s. military involvement in the region as he was criticized by some. well at the time he was not criticized by many because he was able to build that coalition the broadest possible coalition for the first time to bring everybody around to fight saddam and evict him out of kuwait and that proved to be very popular both in the middle east and in the world and in the middle east of course the united states had been. very friendly with saddam as well as the rest of the arab countries against iran to weaken iran so in this part of the world he was pretty much popular but in the build up of the of this the military. arsenal to liberate kuwait he also cause some kind of disruption to the culture
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in the area where a lot of the saudis and they were hobbies and the salafist started turning against america after being their support in afghanistan for so long because they rejected the idea of foreign troops building up in the gulf especially in saudi arabia so if you're talking about the public opinion that was different from the establishment or the governments in the area but what he achieved through this is that or what he demonstrated is that people can uphold the international law can actually the east and west can get together to stand up to regimes like saddam hussein and he exposed how. kind of. not genuine or he exposed the arab unity of the arab world the art of rhetoric about. them being brotherly in every. politics they do specially when they were talking about defending palestine and
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standing up to iran saddam's move so that his invasion of kuwait exposed that and george bush coming to the rescue of kuwait dismantled all that order that meant of this order that eventually. to today. we thank you for speaking to us on al-jazeera now world leaders are preparing for day two of the g. twenty summit in argentina already the events has seen the u.s. mexico and canada sign a new trade agreement but top of the agenda is the trade war between the u.s. and china in recent months they've imposed terrorists on each other's imports leading to concern about the impact on the global economy of the u.s. president donald trump is expected to meet china's xi jinping in the coming hours another point of tension is the naval confrontation between ukrainian and russian forces in the black sea european leaders are considering a new measures against russia well during the first day the spotlight was on the saudi crown prince mohammad inside man his alleged involvement in the murder of.
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saw him largely isolated by other leaders except the russian president vladimir putin whose prominent greeting in front of the world's cameras made its own headlines our latin america editor of the newman reports from one of. leaders of the world's most powerful nations wrapped up day one of the g. twenty summit with the window side this is exquisitely known theater a venue that helped.

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