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tv   Inside Story 2018 Ep 340  Al Jazeera  December 6, 2018 8:32pm-9:01pm +03

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greed to the move the meeting in vienna they're now waiting to hear from russia the world's largest oil producer and a nano pick member before deciding how much they will reduce production china's governments condemned the arrest of the c.f.o. of technologies and is demanding her immediate release then one joe was arrested in vancouver on saturday on suspicion of violating sanctions against iran the lawyer for the family of an italian student tortured and killed in egypt is urging five suspects to come forward and tell him prosecutors say they're members of the secret service and police and the family believes they have helped two of ducks julio to journey and twenty sixteen twenty eight year old was researching egyptian trade unions at the time and at least two hundred people have been arrested across france during protests over education reforms. demanding overhauls to standardized testing and university entry requirements and student demonstrations are part of a broader movement against the french government that's a look at your headlines news hour in twenty five minutes after inside story.
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a critical moment for donald trump and his relationship with the saudi crown prince u.s. senators blaine mohamed bin found money for the murder of this jamal khashoggi but can they force their president to drop his defense of the saudi royal this is inside story.
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hello and welcome to the program i'm martine dennis six senior u.s. senators from across party lines have introduced a resolution which holds the saudi crown prince personally accountable for the murder of john this jamal khashoggi now this directly contradicts statements from president trump who's insisted repeatedly that there is no definitive evidence connecting the hamad bin sound man with the crime john hendren reports from washington. it's an extraordinary rebuke from the u.s. senate to a long time american ally a diverse group of senate leaders from both parties introduced a resolution that definitively blames the crown prince of saudi arabia for the murder of jamal khashoggi the measure which could be scheduled for a vote as soon as monday condemns kesho g.'s murder demands that the saudi arabian government negotiate an end to the war in yemen and an end to the political dispute with could talk and release saudi blogger rife's by dolly and other political
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prisoners they have no link old at least that realizing actions that m.d.'s says they starting with yemen passing by the sharks the murder on took up on any other level it is the latest bipartisan rebuke of the saudi crown prince and president trump support for him we are with saudi arabia we're staying with saudi arabia not look at the kingdom the same way senators erupted in anger on tuesday after a long awaited briefing from cia director gina haskell sort of hard to call this a cover up given the fact that everybody in that briefing last week knew that time peo and matters were misleading us knew that there was no way this murder happened without the consent and direction of m.v.s. of the senate is already considering an unprecedented bill to invoke the never before used one thousand nine hundred seventy three war powers act to force an end to u.s. aid to saudi war efforts in yemen. this six page measure would record the view of
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the senate that mohammed bin solomon is responsible for the murder of jamal khashoggi and it urges the u.s. and the international community to hold him and anyone else involved in the killing responsible and a joint statement democratic senator ed markey calls the crown prince a thug and republican senator lindsey graham calls him a wrecking ball rare harsh words for the leader of an allied nation the resolution falls short of calling for regime change in saudi arabia but whether president trump likes it or not the rift between the u.s. government and its ally of eighty five years has rarely been wider john hendren al jazeera washington. all right time to introduce our panel now in washington d.c. in fact all of our guests are in washington today but first we have john jones former senior congressional advisor during president obama's term we have six new. middle east analysts with expertise specifically in the gulf and chris garcia
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former deputy director of the u.s. department of commerce under president thank you and welcome to you all can i start with you joan with your experience of congressional affairs how important how significant how much weight does a resolution from the senate actually carry. well it's very significant this resolution is not a binding resolution but it is binding in the court of us in public opinion it's striking to see the bipartisan support behind this resolution at a time where there really hasn't even been a great deal of bipartisan cooperation in the united states senate is is a strike across the bow in terms of the impact it can have on the u.s. saudi relationship and it basically states to the trump administration in regards to m.b.a.'s and the killing of mr coo shoki it's time for the administration to
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fish or cut bait ok joan but the administration the white house is under no obligation to abide by the terms of the resolution did i understand that correctly that is absolutely correct the resolution in terms of its impact on the administration is nonbinding however it does state publicly where the united states senate is when it comes to the status of the u.s. side the relationship the united states' relationship with prince muhammad and the future interaction between the united states and the saudi government in terms of the potential impact it can have on sanctions the impact on potential u.s. saudi weapons agreements in the future as well as continued u.s. support for saudi military for diet and yemen all right and coming to you chris so
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a very very strong message even if it's not binding a really strong message with some very very strong rip us language coming from the senators of both sides of the aisle a strong message to president trump in the white house will he listen. sure so this is something that is very difficult for any president to be in this is a position really between the morality of the united states and the realities of what the problems are currently in the middle east namely the threat and the violence of iran knowing that any type of destabilizing activity for example calling for regime change in the king of saudi arabia could lead to significant destabilisation which of course this is something that we are saying that he is exactly in the senator's though sorry to interrupt you chris but the senate is a not calling for regime change they seem to be making a clear distinction between the royal family and the existing forest is in saudi
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arabia and the crown prince who they accuse of having having carried out nefarious acts in the region which are not a tool stabilizing they are very destabilizing in fact i mean that's their argument right so i think that the overall analysis will will show that the long standing alliance with saudi arabia since one thousand nine hundred five has led to more stabilization for u.s. interests at the very least but this is something that the united states does not condone we do not condone in fact we condemn any extra judicial killings we don't want to see this type of bad behavior from any of our allies but we have to have a measured response and i believe that it's the position of the united states to ensure that we keep stability with a longstanding ally like saudi arabia knowing that we have to show and we have to make it very clear that this cannot happen again won't be a one strike but perhaps you only get two what would it take then christie you think the president trum to make the distinction that everybody else in the rest of
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the world seems to be doing and that is to separate out the crown prince who it is believed to have been behind this atrocious that and the rest of the authorities in saudi arabia president seems unwilling or incapable. doing that well the president's relying on his advisors and those who have briefed him on this matter his secretary of state my pump a.o. has said that this will not be the final word in the us response to this action secretary mabus secretary of defense has said that any type of backing away or minimizing of our relationship with saudi arabia that would embolden iran would be disastrous for the national security the united states and so i think the president's trying to balance the facts that he's receiving from his advisors with the morality that we know as united states americans we want to be the shining city on the hill we have to also develop some type of a measured response that does not permit this to happen again all right figured
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coming to you now what is what has happened to members of congress in the u.s. why if they all suddenly around this particular moment galvanized and decided that it's time to cool out mohammed bin sound man they're not going to put up with this but taking the lead the likes of of lindsey graham who as we know is a real close ally of president trump and his the two has been a great supporter a great advocate of the relationship with saudi arabia what's happened. you're up you're absolutely right about lindsey graham and it's important for our viewers to remember it was lindsey graham who led the republican coalition and a senate to confirm brett kavanaugh for the supreme court which for president trump was a tremendous political victory so the fact that lindsey graham is now taking on the saudi crown prince who are trump is seen as defending him i think that what we
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really need to understand us that we are seeing a good cop worse as bad cop game playing out here because it is inevitable that the cia assessment is accepted across the political spectrum president trump has a responsibility as my colleague said to ensure that the u.s. saudi relationship does not call labs at the same time he is lending to congress lead on this issue and us the congress is now moving forward at a process it is important to understand at the resolution that we just discussed is to first. measure that potentially could end up in sanctions imposed on the saudi leadership so this is a process moving forward and that process will also bit of be defined on what measures the saudi authorities are taking themselves to hold those responsible for this murder i think all i've done is one aspect that they are sorry to interrupt you but i'm quite fascinated by this you described this is
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a game of good cop bad cop cope what is he also met objective then as far as president trump is consent the ultimate objective it's always been the same and out of the us out a relationship goes back to one thousand nine hundred eighty two when f.d.r. met with. with with the founder of the kingdom. and so the relationship of strategic in nature and the relationship is between two government and not between individuals so precisely because the more because the public opinion here in the united states and certainly within the political establishment has now concluded who is behind us murder the good cop or says bad cop dynamics is giving or providing a space that would be for to saudi royal family to take measures that they need to take in order for it at alliance to prevail but also in order to force saudi arabia not to become a pariah state that nobody wants are able to become a pariah state but it's also understood that if present trumps go soft on
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a fourth and start shouting out negative anti saudi rhetoric that it will have the exact opposite impact of what united states is trying to do which is they move to balance between holding dollops responsible for their murder accountable and at the same time ensuring that the alliance remain intact and it's an extraordinary dangerous and difficult time absolutely joe and i saw you nodding your head nodding your head in agreement this sounds very much as though it's a carefully calibrated exercise if you like which has just pointed out this quite a risky game isn't it that trying to keep all the pools up in the air ultimately without letting the person responsible for this this this heinous act go unpunished but still maintaining the state's relationship with the kingdom without a doubt you hit the nail on the head in but to chris's point. in agreement this is
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a relationship the u.s. saudi relationship that spans eight decades the u.s. saudi relationship is more important than any one government official and there are a lot of things for the administration to consider when you look across the board you have the u.s. saudi security relationship you have the. threat posed by iran in the region and the threat posed by iraq to u.s. interests in the region you have the sensitivity of the us israel relationship which the saudi government has a great deal of influence on so all of thing all of these issues have to be taken into account when discussing or considering future steps the united states senate of course does not have to consider all of these factors but they do have to consider what is the impact of u.s. opinion when it comes to the killing of mr cruise shoki which was
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a rather brazen act and they are compelled to speak out and to do what they think is in the best interest of the united states reputation for the promotion of human rights in civil rights region and in the international community and that chris throughout all of this this drama that is what it is the president has really got to watch him self doesn't he because he looks weak he looks transactional he looks he's been acquitted casing hasn't come out one way or another surely that's is damaging potentially to the person of the president as coming out and being strong and saying it like it is especially given all the information that he has at his disposal from the cia particular right will i think the president for want to i think we can all agree would never ever want to appear weak certainly on this serious matter though the president has called this the worst cover up ever he's had very very strong words condemning this action as this
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is secretary of defense and the secretary of state with regards to some of the activity that we expect from the president though i think we can take a look back to when we first found out that the that the that the crown prince may have been involved in the disappearance of jamal khashoggi we saw a. there were sanctions placed on iran and saudi arabia was encouraged and asked by president trump to ramp up production knowing that supply would be decreased because people were not going to buy nations would not be able to buy from iran what we saw after we learned about the killing of jamal khashoggi is that the u.s. missed that the trip of ministration the united states allowed for eight nations to be exempt from those iranian sanctions so the saudis have lost hundreds of millions of dollars surely as a result of these exemptions in allowing nations to to buy from from iran and so i think that the timeline of that is very fascinating perhaps that something that's
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not being reported and it could be something that could be looked into but i think that the timeline for that shows that the united states is trying to have is as serious of a response and the president wants to have as serious of a response and i think that he's certainly of the mind that the worst decision is in decision and so as secretary of state pompei have said earlier this is not the last word from the united states on this matter yes but chris. in this evolving debacle because that's the way it appears to have been handled by the white house not only is the president himself facing a huge amount of criticism but you've now got mattison pump a is being accused of best being loyal soldiers and that was orchestrating some kind of cover up so then that in the firing line as well so the whole administration these got a question mark over it over it's come down to this entire episode well what they're doing is really they're dealing with the realities the realities excuse me
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of what we have in the current situation in the middle east the dangers that we perhaps may may see some increased violence or increased destabilization if we do about away from that saudi relationship this is something that you know really everyday americans often either overlook or or simply don't pay attention to. but there are significant back channel conversations happening right now to try to stave off and prevent this activity from happening again while also dealing in reality we have a serious serious threat in iran any type of destabilization or any type of balance away from this relationship with saudi arabia could further embolden them right. washington is renowned is infamous isn't it for being awash with the different lobbying groups and we know that the various actors in this particular incident. a prominent in terms of being represented by lobbyists in washington should we be
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viewing this is perhaps a battle in between the various low being sides some one size is winning in the other side note to see that the side representing saudi arabia is losing at the moment is that why there's so much opinion in congress agitating against saudi arabia i would disagree with two points that were raised just now the first point about iran and its danger to the region and the second about lobbying i do think that because all the facts are established of what happened to jamal khashoggi who by the way was a friend and colleague who i know very well so now that all these details of bin. have been cleared and people have an understanding of what happened to him what we're seeing is that we're seeing to force of the u.s. government ason institution kicking in and shaping policy and it's important for our viewers to remember that the united states has three co-equal branches of
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government one is the executive of course which is spearheaded by president trump and the other one is the congress and the third one is of course your judiciary and disk ace the congress could very well move forward with imposing sanctions and legislation against saudi arabia on preventing american businesses from investing into a country that would be an extraordinary step if that were to take place and it could also hamper prince mohammad's twenty thirty there's in which is to revitalize the saudi economy by wearing off oil and energy dependence so all of that will be tied to congressional steps moving forward and the president has no interest or ability even if you wanted to to engage in any cover up because because the u.s. senate and the house of representatives are united on these issues so within this contexts and the fact was
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a columnist for the washington post only underscores that whatever lobbyist or pay to play groups will try to influence this process going forward they would run into a brick wall so what but when it comes back to iran i think it's very important to remember it at one of the reasons that we're having this chaos in the middle east is precisely that the united states under descent ministration house. failed to balance the powers of the region i can adjust and just invested everything in one country all right and i want to move us right back to the here and now and john what do you think is likely to happen and it seems very mushy. this resolution could be put on the table as early as monday which way do you think it will go. i believe the resolution will actually pass and then congress will go into recess the senate will go into recess and jan you were the first we could january when
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congress gets back in session you're going to have a democratically controlled congress you're going to have a intelligence committee that is chaired by a democrat you're going to have an oversight and government reform house committee that is chaired by a democrat and they're going to be looking into the steps that the trump administration has taken since mystically shoki was killed they're going to look at how they arrived at their conclusions and if their positions and steps and statements were not in alignment with what the intelligence community concluded in regards to the killing of mr cruz shoki and based on reports you're also going to have a number of democratic leaders on these committees who will be looking into the steps that the president made it in if the steps were in the best interest of the u.s. saudi relationship or if they were reflective of their financial relationship that
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the president has spoken about in terms of past deals and arrangements with saudi national ad that's an interesting point chris coming back to you with a new delhi impalas hostile house of representatives. looking closely at the president there will be a greater appetite went there for an investigation into the president's personal commercial ties with saudi arabia that's something that he's really got to look out for the rights of the president i think is aware i think the white house is aware of the risk. not adhering to the protocols and not taking the advice of the intelligence community and his own advisors on this matter particularly knowing that this is such a difficult position to be in for any president the house will be a pain for this administration they will conduct oversight of the democratic
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controlled house has already pledged to conduct several investigations into the president many of which have been proven to be without merit so far by reports that we have seen in a variety of allegations that have been made by these incoming chairman of these various committees in the house of representatives however i will say that i believe and i trust and i hope that whether whether it is a bipartisan panel whether it is a democrat led coalition to investigate the administration investigate the president that in those in that doing that they prioritize the national security interests of the united states knowing that that this is truly something that we have to take seriously as it relates to a long term strategy we can you know some balance away from the saudi relationship is a very shortsighted and might feel good in the moment but it has a very grave long term consequences right i hope that our colleagues on the left
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and rights of the aisle will adhere to that sigurd we live running out of time put the final word to you if you could be brief please president chompers be known pretty regularly to to walk away turn his back on while friends and allies do you think that the pressure that seems to be mounting in congress a poem president trump will persuade him to cut loose mohammed bin sound man i think that president trump recognizes that decision can only be made internally and to saudi royal family and that the saudi royal family will have to decide on this issue what president trump is signaling is that u.s. congressional pressure. it's not going away so he's providing the space for the saudi right royal family to deal with this issue internally and let itself play out and a congress right now is in the driver's seat on this issue and that it's also understood in riyadh great thank you all very much indeed john jones sigurd
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nuba and chris thank you very much indeed for a very interesting conversation from washington d.c. and as ever thank you for watching the program you can see it again any time you like by going to the web site after syria dot com should you want more discussion get a facebook page that's facebook dot com for a slash a.j. inside story and there's always the to assess their. side story i'm at dennis thank you from the whole team here in doha.
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in nepal poverty leaves children vulnerable and at risk but sometimes those who say they can help cause the most harm one of many shines a light on predators in the aid industry. on al-jazeera. the latest news as the franks yellowcard the failure will continue not only in july but into next week with detailed coverage classical criticism of capitalist economics to all a fifty six billion dollar i.m.f. the little argentina from around the world these are the victims of one of the world's most forgotten conflicts and without agent help they could become a lost generation. the lights are on. and there's nowhere to hide isn't the easiest way to solve this to allow u.n. observers who you invited into the country earlier this year to finish their job i
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haven't said it's a right wing conspiracy or anybody's conspiracy straight talking debate do you think we're going to see some kind of scene change in the u.s. relationship with saudi arabia we have an obligation there is a journalistic integrity and then in this case it was betrayed totally up from its own al-jazeera. this is al-jazeera. hello from joe harvey when i'm come on sons of maria and this is the news hour from al-jazeera. which has been there the yemeni future those of most. of those opposed to news from the u.n. special envoy sets the agenda as talks begin in sweden to end the war in.

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