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tv   NEWSHOUR  Al Jazeera  December 22, 2018 1:00pm-2:01pm +03

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and into the into that we can and it's been a very you know situation i just like apologize to all the hostages who finish your mission that is being close to them by this criminal act events here at gatwick have major implications for airport security around the world the union of air traffic controllers is demanding stricter regulations a more counter drone measures to safeguard apple it's a protect lives. balkan al-jazeera that we can put. on for a short break or not as iraq when we come back. barcelona is on the boil again we'll tell you why. on violence and a town split between ethiopia and kenya we report on what's fueling the prices low enough stay with us. from dusky sunsets if you disproving savannah. to sunrise
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atop an asian metropolis. hello again it's good to have you back where cross lavonne we're not going to see too much in terms of clouds or rain over the next day most of the activity has been pushing up here towards the northeast what we're left with is basically some cooler air for much of the area tehran at about nine degrees after hyde that coup would be seen about eight degrees there maybe some clouds over here towards the western part of the levant but we're not going to sing really much in terms of showers so aleppo about fourteen degrees for you staying about that way down towards beirut we are going to see mostly cloudy conditions with a temperature there of about eighteen degrees well it's going to be a little bit cooler here across parts of the gulf doha twenty three degrees is going to be high here on saturday over towards riyadh we do expect to see twenty but across the gulf we could be seeing some clouds in the forecast particularly over here towards a high temperature few of about twenty three degrees down towards a lot that is going to be quite nice winds are going to be coming out of the north we do expect to see a time to there of about twenty eight degrees and then very quickly across the southern. of africa actually down here towards the southern coast it isn't quite
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nice may have some clouds reaching up towards durban where the temperature there of about twenty five degrees but as we go towards sunday we're going to see most of the rain up here towards parts of mozambique emetic aska as well but there you met nor the madagascar and attempt a few of about twenty eight degrees the weather sponsored by qatar and nice. getting to the heart of the matter how can you be a refugee after a while it borders between five safe countries facing realities the pain starts from the very beginning of the bunny exclude providing context housing is not just about four walls and a roof hear their story and talk to al-jazeera i really felt liberated as a journalist was. getting to the truth as i would that's what this job.
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welcome back a quick reminder the top stories here this hour the u.s. federal government is less than an hour away from a partial shutdown. president trump refused to back down on funding for his border war with mexico forcing congress to adjourn without a deal on spending. the u.n. security council has approved a team of observers for a cease fire and yemen's port city of the data the u.n. monitors who won't be uniformed or wrong will be deployed for an initial thirty days. and british police have made two arrests in connection with disruption caused by drones at london's gatwick airport flights are gradually which adding to normal after the drone spotted on wednesday shut down the airport for thirty six hours. demonstrators are running the game in hungary to protest against
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a new amendment to the labor laws what critics are calling the slave law would allow employers to force people to work more over time and even delay paying them for up to three years while nationwide protests have been held since last week al-jazeera is robin forrester walker has more now from the capitol but it's. after ten days of public discontent hungary's opposition hoped their president would think twice about signing two new laws they say will make their country less european and more like a dictatorship he signed them anyway this week so protesters marched to his palace to express their anger i don't know the alitalia people telling me that nothing is going to change that i could like yourself even. if there's the protests i won't get there the first lure the opposition says will force hungry stretched workforce to work harder a second gives the government will control over the judiciary there is in direct
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pressure to do judges fear a bad outcome or three year and the courts prime minister viktor orban has accused the protesters of being violent agents of the hung garion liberal philanthropist george soros but on friday demonstrators with discipline and diverse agenda and more when there's no one behind nothing strange nor strange will mention all soros or just normal people pensioners students housewives stock a stock sort of as a technique or bottle the government should take note that unions and parties and citizens and everybody else is demonstrating together and this is unprecedented but what's different about these protests is that this time for the first time. on both sides of the political spectrum you know it's it's in their criticism of victor government. hundred straight unions and now organizing the nationwide strike
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action the government hopes they will go home for christmas and today robin first year walker al-jazeera for the past. to spain now where thirteen people have been arrested after prison dependent supporters in catalonia fought with the police the pa. yes when the were in opposition to a spanish cabinet meeting in barcelona a year after the region's bid for independence was blocked some of the reports. blocked roads. confrontations with police a far cry from the message spain's prime minister hoped to bring to the city headache for the politicians aiming to turn the page on the cattle and crisis if they had been doubts about resolving it and friday's events certainly proved them right i don't care about what spain will stay here they will. share my opinion. and i will follow this movement to achieve our
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independent they just came here to show ours to show everybody that it is these their homeland and that we don't have anything to do under the spanish government's decision so far i have been at meeting here in basra that was applauding for them supposed to be a symbolic so i'm reaching out to the region but for the independence protestors here it's being seen nothing as more than a problem pockets of show of force and it's just an example of how the bits of divide between the two sides remains the shows little sign of resolving what. one thousand police officers secured the streets just down the road in the middle of a palace surrounded by a sizable security cordon prime minister better sancia held a meeting with his cabinet an area of relative calm away from the outpouring of outside of the spanish government has insisted it's doing this to advance talks with the council and leadership because. this is the only possible proposal the
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situation cannot be solved by continuing to hide one another it will only be solved through dialogue negotiations and a deal that's what he's offering. both. writes haunted grief how to solve this spain's government continues to maintain the crisis can only be resolved within the law but the catalan government doesn't agree and sees it as a political maneuver to do night further independence from the dritte at this moment we do not agree and what is the origin what is the nature of the conflict and how to file bit so we either start talking but i would seriously and with the best. with the birth aim to keep moving forward on the here and up work it has been full team months since the outlawed referendum which triggered the current crisis emotions are running high on both sides but no path has yet been carved out to resolve the current standoff sony vaio al-jazeera barcelona.
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israeli forces have shot dead three palestinians including a sixteen year old boy during the ongoing demonstrations in gaza more than one hundred fifty others were injured that's according to the palestinian health ministry the team who was shot in the neck has been named as mohammed. promised in eons have been holding weekly protests along the gaza israel border fence for almost nine months they're demanding the right of return for palestinian refugees to their homeland under israeli occupation. tribal elders in a town on the kenyan ethiopian border according to com twenty one people died in a week of ethnic violence. on both sides of the border and fighting in ethiopia between ethnic and somali community is this year has forced thousands of people to escape to the kenyan side saying bizarre reports from nairobi. a refugee crisis is playing out on the ethiopia kenya border. last week
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a decade's old dispute over tribal lands on the if your side of the town of moore ali turned violent again forcing the most vulnerable to flee into kenya. if you want to go back home but our houses have burnt. the population of a split by an international border that runs through the center of the town a legacy of colonial rule that adds to the tensions in a place divided along ethnic lines for generations continuing fighting this year has forced thousands of refugees into kenya many are still there too afraid to go back their population that is here is too hesitant to go back the script. is being. worked on and if this people stay here most likely the host communities will have a lot of pressure on their food stocks. the tribal elders on the kenyan side say they want an end to the bloodshed and are worried about communities on both sides of the border. by. what's happened of the ethiopian side treated us
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members of the community government as security officials we are making sure what happened on the site doesn't spill over into kenya peace committee meetings in kenya during the past week involving both somali tribal elders are seen as a key part of maintaining peace on the ethiopian side of these communities live on both sides of the border individual. so if one of their own. it has immediate impact on families from societal strike that. those who escaped fighting are safe for now living with friends and family on the kenyan side of a divided town but the situation remains fragile for a lasting solution experts say the ethiopian government must resolve the land dispute in more yalit but it is difficult to divorce the fighting in a small border town from the bigger tribal dispute between ethnic communities something that's been going on for years and cuts across international boundaries
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for now aid groups and local leaders here in kenya are trying to make sure that score settling doesn't bring the violence over the border. here in iraq now there are fears of renewed violence in the eastern region of going now but action has long been opposed to the central government it has its own culture and languages but says it's being ignored by those in power in the capital and his latest in a series charles stratford reports now from hora where the army was sent in after protests earlier this year. it takes fifteen hours to get to the town of the capital of the semi autonomous gorno but auction region in eastern stand the broken road winds its way through the primary amounts of those bordering afghanistan the people here have long complained that demands for better infrastructure jobs and respect for their distinct culture are ignored by central government the mountains about it seanna provided
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a natural defense against all those who tried to impose their wealth already or in this region for centuries the chinese the russians the british all have struggled to control a people with a distinct culture a distinct identity. but recent protests here suggests that the government. is facing similar challenges even today the majority of going about it shuns approximately two hundred seventy thousand population. in september there were demonstrations against what protesters say has been gears of neglect and intimidation by the predominantly sunni muslim government. unemployment is estimated to be around fifty percent there are no major industries which could offer jobs. president and will mali rock on whose roots as you can stand for more than twenty five years has fanned opposition parties imprisoned political leaders and journalists and crushed any independent media across the country he's also
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criticized local leaders often described as warlords as well as regional government officials for what he sees as their failure to crack down on drug smuggling from afghanistan it's a national and seen all cultic say agencies say corrupt officials are involved tons of heroin and opium a smuggled across the border every year. this government mind refused to let us interview anyone on the streets and wanted names of anyone we had tried to talk to . we contacted one person by telephone and recorded disk on the sation. we were. quite.
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unleased say president is aware of the risks of a crackdown in gorno box on a region that accounts for almost half of to. which. the people of that action are easy to mobilize it's a conservative society it's enough to just call someone a brother to him today and bring a thousand five hundred people from his village to support your thirty's no it is a risk of crossing a line that's what president rahmani scared of president sent the army into the region in two thousand and twelve off the box shots intelligence chief was stabbed to death around fifty armed men civilians and soldiers were killed in the fighting that followed the risk of renewed violence is testing the government again one that critics say has for years relied on its intelligence services police and army to silence dissent. but al-jazeera hawg tajikistan now bolivia's
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president says the stand for a fourth term in office said move the opposition says is unconstitutional they say he's ignoring a twenty sixteen referendum that voted to limit the number of times a candidate can stand they've been protests across bolivia the most intense in the eastern city of santa cruz went down assignments and this report. this saying that democracy in bolivia is dead but the government is not respecting the constitution and they'll stay on hunger strike here in the main plaza in santa cruz until it does the all rich east as oppose president since he came to office in two thousand and six but their anger has intensified even among his traditional indigenous supporters and he's not just abandoned indigenous people he's lied to them he's worrying an indigenous mask he's not indigenous.
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president held a referendum in february two thousand and sixteen asking to change the constitution so he could stand for a fourth term in office he lost that he had that decision ali fight and is standing again next october his supporters were delighted his opponents outraged. this decision puts into question the rule of law and democracy in bolivia the government and its party control the electoral commission the legislature and all the democratic institutions there is no independence of power in. anger mostly centered here in santa cruz erupted last week with protesters setting ablaze the electoral commission office divisions here run very deep along class ethnic and reasonable lines so to the passions spilling over here at the electoral commission office is an act of violence that many fear is only a taste of what's the cop. who ordered the attack is the subject of accusation and
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counter accusation president morales who celebrated his thirteen years in office at the ceremony and has meanwhile accused the united states of interfering in bolivian affairs of supporting the opposition to the state department. to stay calm and respect the constitution. still enjoys substantial. support what you name you why is the opposition scared because they're not organized we've got more than a million people in our party they've got less than one hundred thousand that's why they want the elections or not because the electorate doesn't even know who they are. but the opposition movement is growing and the road towards next october's presidential election looks likely to be a rocky one. santa cruz believe the.
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right time for a quick check of the headlines here on al-jazeera the us federal government is just half an hour away from a partial shutdown that's after president trump refused to back down on funding for his border wall forcing congress to adjourn without a deal on spending we're going to have a shutdown there's nothing we could do about that because we need the democrats to give us their votes call it a democrat shutdown call it whatever you want but we need their help to get this approved so democrats we have a wonderful list of things that we need to keep our country safe let's get out let's work together let's be bipartisan and let's get it done the shutdown hopefully will not last long well the looming shutdown has spooked unsettled u.s. stock markets the dow jones announced so their worst week in losses since two thousand and eight concerns of a slowing economic growth and fears of recession have worried investors all major
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u.s. indices have lost between sixteen and twenty six percent from their highs earlier this year the u.n. security council's approved a team of observers for a ceasefire in yemen's port of the data the u.n. monitors who went be uniform to be deployed for thirty days. israeli forces have shot dead three palestinians including a sixteen year old boy during ongoing demonstrations in gaza more than one hundred fifty were injured that's according to the palestinian health ministry and british police have made two arrests in connection with disruption caused by drones flying at gatwick airport near london flights a bradley which awnings a normal after drones first bought it on wednesday shut down the airport for thirty six hours more than one hundred twenty thousand travelers have been hit by cancellations and demonstrators have rallied in hungary to protest a new amendment to the labor laws what critics are calling the slave law would allow employers to force people to work more overtime and even delay payment for up to three years nationwide protests have been held since last week and in spain
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thirteen people have been arrested after pro independence supporters in catalonia faulted police to protest one opposition to a spanish cabinet meeting in barcelona a year after the region's bid for independence was blocked. all right all those were the headlines the news continues off to talk to others in a statement that's a water bottle. joining the greenpeace team complaining to protect the where. we're now in australia for the outcome with the first generation to realize the gravity of this crisis. but we may be the last to be able to do so. in another thread a special find out if the effort to create the largest sentry on earth has succeeded thrice on al-jazeera. you can rule.
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the peace treaty signed by government leaders and separatist rebels in mali three years ago was meant to usher in a new iraq of peace and stability in the north west african country but progress in implementing the agreement has been slow and insecurity has grown the violence that began with the uprising and seizure of territory in the north has now spread into a previously stable central model on groups have taken advantage of interethnic grievances and local resentment towards the government to spread fear and chaos forcing thousands to flee president abraham. who has ruled since twenty thirteen was reelected earlier this year for a second term and he announced a government reshuffle aimed at restoring peace debility and foreign investment all important to boost the economy and reduce poverty as part of the reshuffle camisa
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was named new minister of foreign affairs is a thirty five year old's appointment the beginning of comprehensive institutional reforms and how can peace be achieved in the foreseeable future we find out more as . minister of foreign affairs talks to us. foreign minister can we succumb are i think you for talking to al-jazeera thank you for having a lot of things have gone wrong in mali since the multidimensional crisis that was triggered in twenty twelve in almost seven years. witnessed a coup an insurgency intervention by french un african troops and yet. today armed groups are reorganizing extending violence from the northern to the central regions why is it so hard to bring peace and security to your country
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i think it's a very dramatic narrative that you're giving right now because miley has gone through a lot since two thousand and eleven we have indeed gone through a military coup an insurgency but we also have had a lot of successes we organize two peaceful presidential elections we have a peace process that is ongoing we have a d.d.r. that just started we have a full ministry in charge of the peace process we have a six percent growth rate this is positive outcomes that we've had from this dimensional crisis that you just described it's good to point out the positives because you are right they are indeed positives but when you look at the news we had money in authorities saying a few days ago that they arrested four men with links to i saw who were planning attacks in several west african capitals we've always known about the al qaeda threat but what about this i saw threat today how real and how serious is it and
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what's being done to prevent the group getting a foothold in this region so the terrorists issue is not a mali an issue we have been experiencing all it all over the world it's really difficult or i would say even inaccurate to take out the security issues of mali out of the issues of this the whole region that is why we have for example. hell which is in military partnership between five somehow countries namely mao you broke in africa so more eighteen year chad. in order to curtail their tourism issue and as a whole region there is a terrorist issue in this whole region and also in there and indeed not just in mali but in the shares well in all these countries and i will get to the g five in just a second to ask you why. why it's taking a while to get the sport's off the ground but just coming back to the violence in mali they has been into communal violence recently there has been intercommunal violence that is not linked at all to some terrorist elements infiltrating some of
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these regions which have had grievances it's way more complicated than that perhaps you can explain to our international audience so in mali what we currently have is a position of multiple different security crisis that we've had over the years in the central part of mali it's really a difficult situation it's a complex one that cannot be simply described as a terrorist situation you have some cultural aspects of it you have. it's been described as an ethnic conflict which is in my opinion not currently the case you have what is it it's a pastoralist issue that has been exacerbated by terrorist groups that has been utilized by terrorists so the armed groups have infiltrated these local communities you do have infiltrated those local communities that have had grievances that have had grievances having grievances been addressed by the government of the local
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community so if you let me finish i can tell you that what we currently have again is a pastoralist issue between. herders that are against bozo herders and it's a complex security situation that has been exacerbated by terrorist groups so now it is being perceived as an ethnic conflict which is not necessarily the root of it coming back to my question is have the grievances been address what has the government done to address the grievances of the local communities in the center and the north which was the origin of the crisis in two thousand and twelve twenty thirteen so it's again it's more complex than that it is how it's been described in the news but for example when we're talking about grievances in the not. and regions of mali you also have to understand that the issues that have been brought up by separatist rebels in northern mali are the same issues that other groups
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with throughout the country are currently facing lack of access to. to medical services like to be yes exactly to basic services so what the government is currently doing is making sure that those basic services are reachable for all of the population and we currently have an institutional reform going on so that those local services and the local population feel closer to to those services let's talk about the g. five because you touched on this and countries including mali joined forces in twenty seventeen to establish this multinational force security force with the aim of defeating armed groups in the region the primary aim more than a year after it was set up this force has yet to to fully become operational from what i understand why is it proving difficult to get it off the ground is it just down to a lack of resources and funding as we're hearing or the other factors in other
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other factors there's definitely a lack of funding for the joint force to be fully operational we currently have a need of over four hundred million euro per year now it's our job to make sure that into the international community understands that this joint force is the only sustainable solution we currently have in order to curtail the fragile security situation that we have in this hell region saw once we are able to do that then the international community does understand the need for us to have destroyed for its operational another aspect another difficulty of it is that this regional force is basically a corporation between military forces of five countries and some of them are perceived as weak such as the one in we currently have. but we are rebuilding we have been rebuilding since two thousand and thirteen and we also have to explain that better that military forces that have more capacity struck such as the charge
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in one right in the scheme of eighty five the whole region can really pull up all of the other military forces and build their capacity what would you say to people who say that this g five experiment can't really work in a region that is crowded by sometimes competing military and domestic initiatives i would tell them that what we are doing right now is what the international community needs and this is what they're asking us to do which is take ownership of our own security situation so we are not in a negative. atmosphere here we are trying to find solutions to our own problems and this is what the international community has been pushing african countries to do you were at the g five donor conference in mauritania earlier this year but president wasn't in attendance despite being perhaps one of the most important countries in this g five from a security point of view why did not attend the president president of mali he has
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a lot of competing meetings that he has to attend if you could not attend this one he could not you mentioned you know the fact that some countries had militaries that were perceived perhaps as weaker than the others are you happy with the current structure of the of the g. five they have been reports that mali wants perhaps a bigger position a bigger role within this g five and that this been some discontent about mauritania taking a leading role can you deny or confirm these i can't tell you that rumors are rumors what i can tell you is that what we are trying to do is for five some help countries that are facing the same security issues to work together in order to curtail a growing terrorist so these are just rumors about the ten. as with mauritania these are totally relevant to the operationalization of the joint force of the chief i said it's not just of course the armed groups as you've said it's also
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drugs trafficking human trafficking in this region and the g five mandate i understand is to fight all of this it's a very tall order it is it isn't it so how do you actually prioritize with. all these things that you have to fight with the different agendas also of your allies and european partners who are perhaps more interested in curbing illegal immigration how do you prioritize which of these to focus on the good think that you first the hell again is that we have five somehow country is that all agree on why big came together we have an african union which is a continental organization that does support our efforts in the sahara region and we need the lead of the african union in order to shore european partners that we know what we're doing and we know what other are concerned what is what is the most urgent task right now for this body all of these need to be addressed sumo tenuously you cannot just take one separately from the others they have to be
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taking that into account in your sleep when we're talking about the how there is also a development branch of the g five so how called. meaning that you cannot take away the security aspect of it without addressing the development needs of the region so we're doing both at the same time again it's a complex situation it's a multi-dimensional situation so all of those issues need to be addressed at the same time ok let's move on to the issue of human rights if we can foreign minister one of our teams was recently at the mali mauritania border and they encountered a number of mali and specifically from timbuktu who had crossed into mauritania that currently some fifty seven thousand refugees at the matter refugee camp in mauritania and most of them say they come from money can you tell us can you shed light us to what's happening right now in the region and why we're seeing this exodus so. exodus is
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a big word what we're seeing in the region and what we've been seeing over the past five years are people crossing one border to the other to seek refute. when there is a security crisis in a certain region what mali is currently doing is making sure that those refugees who are and can prove that there are millions are able to come back to their homes this is what we're doing do you think some of them are not monuments what i can say is that in the region there are porous borders it's easy to pretend you're from one country when you're form another so all of those five countries need to work together to make sure that the refugees that are identified as nationals are able to come back to their homes the conditions right for them to come back to their homes it depends on the areas that you. are talking about miley speaks to securely now i'm not talking about mali is a big region so you cannot talk about the need to numb from northern mali is it safe for them northern mali is not a city it's not just
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a region i now understand ok so if they come from that region in certain cities is it safe for them to return it's really hard to say that they refuse can come back to timbuktu when the also can come back to kidani you cannot just generalize. throughout the northern region of mali so in certain regions when it's safe for them to come back the government puts in place a process so that they do need to come back to their homes the reason i asked about people going into mauritania is because our team when they spoke to some of the people there some of the mandaeans who had left they said to us that mannion soldiers had gone through the villages pillaging and harassing them are you aware of this somalian soldiers targeting people that they're supposed to be protecting i have never heard of such a thing never never if they are reports is a million government willing to investigate we are differently always willing to investigate even when there are human rights abuses we always investigate this is
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a process that we have in place is there oversight. but is there oversight because human rights violations according to a teen the u.n. expert on human rights he said this in october that man yet the mannion state and i'm not these are not reports or rumors this is a un expert on human rights said i quote the money and state has not fulfilled its sovereign role in protecting property and people and bringing perpetrators of criminal acts to justice would you respond to that i respond to that by saying that human rights violations are alleged by a lynch violations until they're proven right and the government does take this issue very seriously we do have teams on the ground who do investigate we also work with local civil society organizations to make sure that your positions that we're hearing about are accurate again we take this issue very seriously and measures are being taken when we find out that those. alleged violations are so when the u.n.
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expert on human rights made this. report announces in october just two months ago one specific measures did did the government not to look into this can you give us a concrete example concrete example is that those reports do go to the ministry of defense which does take it up to whoever needs to read those reports and then they do make investigations so since i work in the frame ministry i do work with everyone but i cannot speak for the ministry of defense there is some good news as you've said g.d.p. growth is stable at around five percent this been a rise in agricultural productivity as well despite the security challenges the i.m.f. and world bank continue to support mali financially what does that say about how the country is governed in your view what's what would you like to say as far as that to the world it does say about mali is a very resilient country that what we've gone through since two thousand and eleven
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could not foresee that. we would have such a strong economic growth it does show that despite all of those challenges we're able to stay afloat it shows that despite the secretive challenges that we currently have a country that is ready for investments and that we are ready to take charge of all of the issues that we currently have and we're finding some solutions to them but both public and private investment continues to focus on the south does it not it does it does and that's a problem because we have a big country and what we do not want to have is continued grievances in the center under north and. ready to concede that those regions do have given says towards. doing concretely to address those grievances if you could give us specific examples again of what's being done to harness the development of the northern region in the sense so what you want you have to understand is that we are
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we have a big country that we're dealing with the peace process that we're dealing with the economy that we're showing the international community that we have. held that that's in place that we that is important to us that we're tackling a lot of issues at the same time you just talked about human rights violations. you cannot do all of that and then say that you're developing the center and the north so with this strong economic growth is something has happened in the last seven years of course something has happened that's why we have economic growth of six percent so what we're doing is that we are trying the world this is what i'm doing to show the international community and to tell them that we're ready for investment i just want to come back to the i the idea of you know basic services for the northern regions when you hear reports that airports are being built and there are train service trains is going to be built there that's all great news i have to say it's very positive but what about providing basic services clean water
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electricity to these regions this is an issue in this. off in the center in the minority the issue of any developing country in mali is a developing country and we are working to it to towards that and i would love to tell you in five years that we don't have any of those issues anymore this is what we're working towards the twenty fifteen peace accord signed between the government and the rebels in the north proposed the introduction of new regional representatives and local authorities but the peace accord seems to be set stagnating what are the as far as the government is concerned anyway what are the sticking points why can't we move this forward so i'm actually surprised that you would say the peace process is that meeting wasn't it i mean institutional reforms have been difficult to implement and contentious have they not ok so this is your report so what i tell you from mali from the ground is that since two thousand and fifteen we have made tremendous progress on the peace agreement for once i can tell
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you that in those meetings that we have the former armed groups the ones who signed the peace agreement we all speak with one voice the d.d.r. process which is the central process of the peace agreement just started a few weeks ago this is the central part of it once this is completed then we can say about when time expect that to be completed so i don't know if you realize but d.d.r. process usually takes eight to ten years to complete we are being encouraged to complete one within one year this is what we're doing with the international community this is what we're doing with the un mission that we have in mali which has been supporting us this is what we think we can complete within one year so it's a feat that the mine government will be able to do in september we created an entire ministry in charge of the peace process this is great progress on the front of the peace agreement you also have to remember that this is not the first peace agreement that now signed this is probably the third or the fourth so we. we
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are on a time crunch but we also want to make sure that this is the last one that we signed and that all of the aspects of this peace process are implemented in the way that they're sustainable and that we don't have to come back to it a few years later there were elections recently in mali president cater reelected during his first term there were accusations of corruption and nepotism. what can mannion six-pack from this second term what is the government going to do to regain the trust of the people when it comes to the issue of corruption and nepotism so excellent question on the issue of corruption we've created a ministry to take care of the corruption issue what we have to do is we have to communicate more we have to communicate more on how the government works we have to communicate more as to what the government wants for the country we have to include civil society more in all of our discussions in our dialogue session we're doing
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way more than we used to do. back then and this is what we believe will probably bring the population closer to the ones who govern them i just want to open it up a little bit and talk about relations with the united states first of all relations with the current u.s. administration focus in interests in africa seems to have diminished somewhat under the trumpet ministration how do you see relations evolving not just with money but as with the continent as a whole as far as the united states is concerned are you optimistic that something good can come out of it what can come out of it is that the african continent will open up to many different partners china. very well possible this has been the case. your has had an excellent relationship with china our neighbor scenario has had an experimental relationship with china. the only it is a relationship that has no strings attached so convenient for african countries.
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yes but also that allows us to reach the goals that we have set for ourselves we still consider the united states as a very strategic partner lived in washington d.c. for eleven years i've worked with the u.s. administration i know how does and how it how is working with the current administration working with the current administration is definitely different from that of the former one that's what happen when an administration changes but we also have to adapt and this is also part of governing a country you have to open up partnerships you cannot just focus your partnership with only one country or one continent so we have to diversify what about relations with the european union and france former colonial power of course they seem to be very much concerned right now as far as europe is concerned anyway with fighting illegal immigration they signed a migration deal with cher and mali what do you say to those who will say that
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europe's policies are turning migrants seem to a resource to be exploited. in. one issue of migration of migration is a very sensitive one it's a sensitive one for those countries like mali myself. the daughter of my grandparents i have myself migrated to the united states to come back to my country of origin so this issue is sensitive because migrants for example mali and migrants bring a lot of money back home they do open up schools to open up clinics in terms of the european union or the european countries. coming migrant we understand that there is. it's a heavy lift for european countries to welcome that many migrants sending them back is also an issue yes so what our position is is that we do fight irregular
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migration we do encourage migration and we would like for our citizens to be able to migrate whenever they want to but we want this to be done in a way that their human rights are protected that did you go to these countries and be respected as the op to be. so this is what we are trying to do one last question if i may have more personal one perhaps you are the youngest foreign minister in mali you were appointed not wrong ago what do you hope to bring to the position what do you think you can bring to your country what do you hope to achieve what keeps me up at night is to make sure that the interests of mali are protected whenever i travel the world to make sure that i represent my country well. that i do make sure that the international community understands that the issues of mali are not necessarily focused on the security aspect of it that we have potential
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that we have things to offer. come our foreign minister of money thank you so much for talking to argentina you think you for your time thank you. xenophobia violent and beating the drum for an ethnic civil war in the heart of europe. al-jazeera infiltrates one of the continent's fastest growing far right organizations and exposes links to members of the european parliament a marine le pen's national rally project generation eight. part two of a special two part investigation on al jazeera. because we're not developed as we should that rights are being violated. and freedom hardly stripped away. on the seven year anniversary of the implicit wish
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of the whites that stand up. like this stand up for human rights. they wanted forty three billion dollars worth of weaponry that was six billion pounds in commission. there is no hope of ending war because there's always a small cobbles people for really really good business. in essence we in the united states have privatized the ultimate public function wore shadow while on al-jazeera the be. hanged. his wall does not have sixty votes here in the senate let alone fifty votes a u.s.
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government shutdown begins in a political stalemate scent of a president trumps plan to war with mexico. hello i'm daryn jordan this is our zero live from doha also coming up the u.n. approves observers to monitor a fragile cease fire around the yemeni port of the data. out on the streets again gary and his protest over a controversial new labor law comes into force. and in the latest in our special series from to she just on we explain why tensions are rising in the area with its own distinct culture. the deadline to avoid a partial shutdown of the u.s. federal government has just passed the political stalemate follows president trump's refusal to back down on funding for his border wall forcing congress to
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adjourn without a deal on spending well the impasse beeves hundreds of thousands of federal workers facing christmas without pay mike hanna reports from washington on this vote the yeas are forty seven as evening fell it was clear there would be no agreement in the senate democrats adamant they would not vote for any bill that included funding for the border wall and a senate majority leader acknowledged the inevitable hope show democrats will work with the white house on an agreement that can both houses of congress and receive the president said after democrats have offered three proposals to keep the government open including a proposal offered by leader mcconnell that passed the senate unanimously only a few days ago. we are willing to continue discussions on those proposals with the leader the president the speaker of the house and the leader of the house all five
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are necessary to get something done a procedural bill was passed that essentially places the onus on congressional leaders to strike a compromise with the president we're not voting on anything else in this chamber. relative to this issue until a global agreement has been reached between the president and these two leaders and the leader of the house on thursday the house passed a funding bill that included five billion dollars for president trump's border wall or fence but without a vote in the senate the bull remains in limbo and funding still not there for what president trump described as a beautiful wall tweeting out the image earlier in the day the president insisted he would not compromise and here we're talking about five billion dollars so it's a tiny fraction but unfortunately. they've devoted their lives to making sure it doesn't happen but then he sent a team to negotiate with congressional leaders which included his chief of staff
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close adviser jared and the vice president house members went home for the night as did many senators they hope that the president will back down and that the partial closure of government will last a matter of hours rather than days or weeks the president confirming in a tweet that he's canceled his shed jule trip to florida adding while we wait to see if the democrats will help us to protect america's southern border mike hanna al-jazeera washington. well ahead of the shutdown the u.s. stock market has had its worst week of losses in several years concerns about slowing economic growth and fears of recession have spooked investors all major u.s. indices of lost between sixteen and twenty six percent from their highs over the summer and the autumn worries of a us government shutdown also helped trigger a sell off of stocks around the world well the dow jones industrial average finished the week nearly seven percent lower that's his worst weekly plan since two
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thousand and eight the tech rich nasdaq was down eight point four percent the sharpest drop since two thousand and eight and the s. and p. five hundred was down in the seven point one percent the biggest fall since two thousand and eleven the ivory johnson is founder and c.e.o. of dylan's investments he believes the u.s. will start to feel the effects of a slowing economy in twenty nineteen. we've had nine straight quarters of g.d.p. growth on a rate of change basis that's unprecedented it's never happened before if you go to quarter one we had two point two percent growth it jumped to four point two percent in the second quarter and then three point four percent was just revised downward so essentially what's happened is we're going from great to good which is bad we're not just decelerating on the g.d.p. front but also inflation has peaked we had inflation peak at two point seven percent it's a three year high and so anytime you have growth and inflation decelerating at the same time you'll see that's why you see the growth stocks the technology stocks get
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get get beat up pretty bad is because you know companies are predicated value of a company is predicated on future earnings and so those are earnings don't look as robust when you start to global economic slowdown. the headline rest notwithstanding i don't think it's as much to do with trump or the fed or these other issues it's just we're at the end of a business cycle we've got wage growth at two point nine percent and that's significant because that's a lagging indicator and each time you see wages go up go up corporate profits get squeezed and when poor profits get squeezed return to lay people off and so that's an indication that going forward in two thousand and nineteen you will start to see average americans start to start to feel the burden of a slowing economy president promise hardline policy on asylum seekers has been dealt a serious blow by the supreme court has proposed new restrictions have been rejected five to four by the courts judges it sought to ban anyone seeking refuge in the u.s. if it arrived outside approved border entry points trump signed an order in the vendor
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aimed at people traveling in a caravan from central america i mean to reach the u.s. through mexico well leon frescoes a former u.s. deputy assistant attorney general in charge of immigration he says the supreme court's decision effectively renders trump's asylum ban illegal. what the supreme court did today was monumental because it basically gave the signal that even as the litigation proceeds through the lower courts in its full education of the mayor it's most likely by the time it gets to the supreme court it was a brain court will say that the trump asylum but it was illegal was this decision today has done it in affirms a decision from a few weeks ago that blocked that policy so for the last thirty forty years since the u.s. having the files that do what the asylum statute said was as long as you present yourself for asylum it doesn't matter how you got to the united states what the president tried to do is say no you will be banned from seeking asylum laws you
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wait for we get through one of the eighty plots they have one of the ports of entry in the southern border and what today's ruling that is that's totally illegal the congress already welcomed how it wanted people to apply for asylum and there is no way to block people from applying if they can find someone who is a player in the they their intention to apply for a trial they thought well because we had five justices that have been appointed by conservative presidents for sure we're going to have this decision but what justice roberts showed today showed that in past immigration the most notable one being when the arizona law passed during the obama administration and justice roberts struck that that was the show about immigration is exactly he's a very moderate judge and sided with the liberal wing of the court because this side you is very clear here that bad to say you're going to fly for a file and that literally you were irrespective of whether you entering the port of
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entry or into green before and through the fact that it doesn't take a rocket scientist. and that's what the congress required and both in the ninth circuit with a very conservative judge and in the brain court with justice roberts both prime conservative judges have said that this law cannot be interpreted the way the president wanted. well the u.n. security council has approved a team of observers for a cease fire and yemen's port city of her data u.n. monitors won't be uniformed or army and they'll be deployed from initial thirty days part of the peace deal agreed by who the rebels in the saudi and iran backed yemeni government to talks in sweden last week it's limited cease fire withdrawal of troops on the port will lead to a breakthrough in the civil war are given out at a james bays that u.n. headquarters in new york. this resolution passed unanimously endorses the
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deployment of u.n. monitors to yemen i'm told the first advance team could be there in her data in a matter of hours they will then decide how many monitors there should be i'm told mission we were talking about thirty but they could go up to a figure of one hundred sixty seven the other thing the security council hopes this will do is bring momentum to the peace process with more talks to you in january the u.k. ambassador was the one who drafted this resolution the most important matter now is that we turn to urgent implementation it's vital that the parties finally thier neck commitments to pave the way for a formal mean launch of negotiations and at the same time mr president delivering real improvements on the ground that make a tangible difference to ordinary yemenis there were some tough negotiations to get this passed including an unseemly ryle between two allies the u.k. and the u.s. i'm told it even went to the office of the foreign secretary and the secretary of
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state one of the things that's come out of the original draft resolution drawn up by the u.k. is the provision of accountability for crimes under international humanitarian law that something that would have targeted the saudi led coalition it seems the u.s. has been doing the coalition's bidding and got that section removed demonstrators are valid again in hungary against controversial new laws affecting employment and pay what critics are calling the slave law would allow employers to force people to work more overtime and even delay paying them for up to three years for one for us to walk or has more now from budapest. after ten days of public discontent hungary's opposition hoped their president would think twice about signing two new laws they say will make their country less european and more like a dictatorship he signed them anyway this week so protesters marched to his palace
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to express their anger i don't know reality people telling me that nothing i did change i could like yourself even. if there's a protest i won't get there the first lure the opposition says will force hungry stretched workforce to work harder a second gives the government will control over the judiciary there is in direct pressure to do that here fear a bad outcome or three year and the ports prime minister viktor orban has accused the protesters of being violent agents of the hung kerry in the liberal philanthropist george soros but on friday demonstrators with discipline and diverse as a genuine movement there's no one behind nothing strange nor strange movements in all soros or are you just normal people pensioners students housewives star a sock sort of as a technique of model the guy.

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