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tv   The Stream 2018 Ep 113  Al Jazeera  December 25, 2018 7:32am-8:01am +03

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always collapsed and carved into the on top to goshen however with global warming they're doing so with increasing speed and as the ice sheets retreat sea levels rise. this right here is humanity's problem for decades perhaps centuries ahead. it is laundry day off at sunrise and here's the thing we all think of being good citizens by wearing fleeces which is made out of recycled plastic also bottles that sort of thing but when you watch the. hundreds of thousands of micro five years end up in the world's oceans so here on port it wouldn't and not for girls. and of course plastic pollution in our seas is one of the biggest environmental
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challenges of our time and the team makes the most of a rare opportunity for research. these are some of the largest rules of the planet there could be a ploy to do they could be by successfully greenpeace to conduct this experiment taking samples from the water to see if any micro plastics have infiltrated this environment. just simply into the sea surface like quest five is that maybe first so they're both taking something she fully trusted more to. the. extent. they push thirty five thirty this is very cool just the way the seas are very close try a system and there's very few local sources of micro plastic fibers should be coming from however evidence is growing around the world from studies that like the plastic for the spark stream because really soon they'll be found the right result . you know it's
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a bizarre thing be afloat on these wild remote and desolate war says he'll quite expose you to g.p.s. google map and zoomed out we can be highly speculative and you profit from by water . yet beneath the surface of this magnificent desolation is just t.v. with life and these are some of the remotest pools on. and to see what lies below the expedition submarine is launched on board the antarctic specialist susan lockhart what she sees is a stunning underwater realm composed of all manner of life life not yet touched by mankind but it's enormously at risk not least from the effects of industrial scale fishing it has one hundred percent coverage in the sea floor of organism has a great three d. structure which allows other organisms to come in and if they're and
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a really interesting species composition and all these factors make it really difficult for a community to recover after a disturbance such as bottom fishing we call these areas fundable marine ecosystem and the estimated fourteen thousand species on the seabed are vulnerable not just to fishing but to other threats like warming sea temperatures and plastics pollution and that's why the expeditions all round research so important in the bid to protect these waters all the scientific data will be compiled to form a body of evidence in support of the sanctuary proposal and presented to the antarctic commission in less than a year's time. but the team needs to find out more about the growing threats encroaching on the region we leave the lonely waters of the weddell sea heading back through the antarctic sound a day shaped by the routine on board. everyone has different ways of filling sparrows from the top practice to running repairs. of course cooking for old guys
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and let's get what's cooking today but they do it right and best ever. when you know that somebody will know the customers yeah the same every day and we share that with them it is not everybody who has a year like this in their restaurant pretty straight that's why we are here. later we had for sure making landfall on the south set the night and the the to be on top to an insular. it's quite a relief to be back on dry land off but it's been careening around all over the place to me welcome hi colin your first. penguin said territory with the seals one making the most of the comfortable
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feathers the melting juveniles. but here too evidence once again of how the world is closing in on i talked to cut the number of terrorists twenty years ago it was around forty five thousand a year now it's more like thirty thousand. all like me desperate to see this wilderness while it's still here. despite myself i can't help the sense of unease in surprise about the sheer numbers. of it saddened by the. great big cruise ship. here in pristina on top of the care and lines of terrorists . there's dormant volcano which is ridiculous because it's a free world. but it does just demonstrate the. new accessibility that there is here and dangers in. these areas becoming tainted. by the footprints of humanity. next day was steaming down the west coast of the
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antarctic peninsula. we are going approximately sixty miles south of western area both pretty violent where we have seen. three fishing we want to go. there all. the vessels off from china ukraine and chile they're fishing for krill a small shrimp like creature which the whole ecosystem depends there are a keystone of the ocean cycle that diet of plankton helping to transfer c o two to the depths of the ocean. but krill is being harvested on a growing scale fish feed and omega three or ship's nets are out and they're in the thick of the krill swarm the krill are obviously densely packed into this area up against the island is the basic just circling around the grounds to bring them out of the monks and over whales the fee to see them blowing and whale tails
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disappearing flipper is showing as we go about. the krill companies say they're tapping into a resource that is sustainable with a view on board is that that is what they said about other species like the bison in north america or called stocks off new found and before both were decimated it's essential areas such as weddell sea are protected so stocks can replenish the proposal first area would put the area thirty kilometers offshore off limits to fishing industry so when so that's a solution you can continue to fish an entire procession but keep it outside of these areas currently being a protected areas because the reason they've been proposed it's because a solemn autumn for the ecosystem down here. soon will begin the long journey home but this time to make another landing and the variety of species here on livingston island is just astounding. just like the folks at heart.
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truly spectacular just a lot more diverse me having to use fish is a pain when it's time petrol that often seals lentil tilts has not been another landing with quite a variety when you look at this place from the ship that's really good and yet you're right here yeah. teeming with life and is thriving right now and you can see all around us it's driving. you know what it was like a hundred years ago it was doing even better but right now it's still compared to most other places on earth is doing a lot better than the point of protecting it is to allow it to continue in this way we haven't yet met this place up we have the opportunity to protect.
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the question that the dynamics of this place about thoughts get changing you have the seal population expanding rapidly it was a penguin die off in the east last year ice is changing krill populations are under threat tourism. i mean this is the last great wilderness one. we need to protect. it's time to head back in for five days we crossed the stormy seas of the drake passage to south america before heading home. an opportunity to consider the wonder of what we've seen and the challenges that lie ahead in winning the protection of the precious part of our planet. and whether or not this protection would indeed be granted if you bought it nine months time.
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after months of campaigning and intense lobbying by the greenpeace team it all comes down to here how about on the island of tasmania in australia with the future of the wealthy we decided. this is where it's all happening the headquarters of the antarctic commission that protects and manages the planet's southernmost waters. everything from territorial claims to fishing rights are being thrashed out right now by twenty five government delegations historically the departure point for several antarctic expeditions today hobart is the place where the fate of the continent hangs in the balance. after a voyage together in antarctica i hook up again with will who's been lobbying hard for the weddell sea sentry since i last saw him and the news he brings is unexpected to say the least it's not looking great i think we've seen
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a real. a bit of a disaster of a meeting to be honest something that noma's really expect they were i we were always in and out it was going to be hard and then what we've seen is a few countries just really undermine the process and essentially block any progress on any issue not just not just the antarctic ocean century but actually progress in any field good luck thanks for the shade in the next twenty four hours goodness me. i'm hoping for the best perhaps we'll hear some good news tomorrow. it's decision day and the country delegations have been locked in talks journalists aren't allowed in so we wait and wait. we have development something's afoot just had
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a. so we're going to go and try and find out what's happening. is that is the head of the indian delegation talking to australia coast and you told us what he's saying is this is this is kind of a conference every two revealed is that where the dead in the interest not to be doctored is just not going to have. it's just devastating news or call them jim how . how the greenpeace t.v. right now now let's say the other delegations on the other n.g.o.s who supported this proposal it's just wanted to nations it goes away to russia and china. it confirms will's worst fears but it's not until much later we can speak to him. he's devoted so much to this project. it's terrible nice i mean it's. it's just a complete failure on the behalf of the commission on behalf of you know the
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millions of people who signed this petition who want a visit to happen and we've just seen the entire thing trashed here twenty two countries of the twenty five supporter they believe this is a good proposal but china russia no way you know one by one. three different means and different reasons have just taken it apart and kicked into the long grass and from a personal point of view you invested so much time and energy and passion and heart into this. what's what's a horrible you know it's. nearly two years of us working on it. in an r.v. you know there are other good proposals on the table and this proposal in it's is still a good one. and we'll get a chance next year to resubmitted but something's going to have to shift in the next year. it is intensely disappointing for everybody involved but it does just.
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the challenge we face in protecting this planet evolves especially in the face of a current climate of nationalist and political self-interest. it is not just about the whales and the penguins in the wonder of antarctica it's about us us in our descend we do we want to leave them a world without wilderness without healthy fish docks with the ecosystems entices. with the first generation to realize the gravity of this crisis. that we may be the last to be able to do something about.
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the arrival of refugees is debated in european parliament's. but the journey itself is little understood. to syrians document the route that is claimed so many lives searching for sanctuary one people in power on al-jazeera. this is. you watching the news hour live from a headquarters in doha. coming up in the next sixty minutes it's still rumbling an explosive volcano has indonesians living in fear of another tsunami another twist
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in donald trump's decision to pull u.s. troops out of syria he says saudi arabia will help pay for the rebuild gunmen storm a government building in afghanistan's capital at least thirty people are killed. and getting into the christmas spirit we're in what's known as the birthplace of jesus. hello survivors of indonesia tsunami fear another wave of destruction with little warning the volcano blamed for saturday's tsunami are not correct at all as you can see is still erupting at least three hundred seventy three people were killed when it crashed into the coastline. but that number is expected to rise rescuers are using heavy machinery and their bare hands to dig through the ruins of houses
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hotels and other buildings andrew thomas is in one of the worst hit areas on the coast of pentagon province. listen carefully over the noise of the waves a regular the loud booms. that's not wind hidden in the gloom forty seven kilometers out to sea and krakatoa volcano is still erupting it has been for months but on sunday the eruptions triggered an underwater landslide that caused the tsunami that led to this hotel's line to the sea front here some workers in guests saw the wave coming and ran a little and then a book about it was not like a usual beav it was a huge wave before one thought and it was just rolling and rolling after at this hotel two children swept out of their ground floor rooms as they slept one of their
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bodies was found in the swimming pool after the tsunami it retreated across the road and me at a show to her damaged house she's pulled metres above normal see that all here yet the water powered into her home and into her shop next door of the mobile. i've got no money the shops gone to so i've got no income i don't know what i'm going to do. the main road through two hundred grand has been cleared of debris but what remains of the stephanie villa hotel has not twenty nine people are known to have died here seven more a missing the water did a pretty good demolition job here but what it left behind those men and now clearing completely bearing and in some ways hoping they find some of the bodies of the missing insides people on nervous along this coast. watching the sea for signs that another wave could come not knowing which rumble means they should run andrew
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thomas al jazeera pundit land into the sea. or for many in the disaster zones grief is turning to anger as they question whether more could have been done to alert them to what was coming rob mcbride was with that side of the story from an e.r. district on jobbers west coast. indonesian president djoko we don't go visiting the tsunami affected area prone to earthquakes his country deals on a regular basis with their disastrous consequences using detection equipment to warn of tsunamis ahead of time on this occasion the president appeared to admit something went wrong. i think in the new budget year of twenty nineteen early january a lot of the replacement of broken equipment or old ones which can no longer be used. the landslide of the undersea volcano made it harder to detect than
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a regular earthquake and happening at night many people had no idea the wave was on its way to strike them. this couple only realized it when water started surging through the small food stall they operate near the beach that. there was no warning at all even a tsunami warning when it suddenly happened. husband believes the government should invest in better monitoring equipment and i hope the government can use new technology because you're afraid there's going to be a voice in the future. living in such close proximity to a rumbling giant people here want that solution to come sooner rather than later and the experts seem to agree it's highly likely that there will be more tsunami generated by submarine landslides the question is when is that going to happen we don't know are they going to be bigger ones we don't know what warning do you have
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well it's an active volcano and that's the essentially the warning. longer after the deborah from this anomaly has been cleared away the fears of people living here will linger many of the people who used to live down here at sea level are now in temporary accommodation on higher ground whether they'll return here depends in pots on whether they'll be able to confidently predict what that sea will do next. and your district in tunisia a u.s. delegation is heading to turkey later this week for talks on washington surprised this isn't a poll troops out of syria u.s. forces have been backing the kurdish y p g in their battle against eisel turkey's president says he'll not give up the fights sunni or their thought up voting. rules why are we in syria to restore freedom to our arab brothers kurds and turks not just her eradicate the terrorist organizations and to leave syria arabs in the grip
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of eisel we will not leave the arabs of syria under the injustice of the units of protection of the kurdish people and the p.k. k. and we will not leave our arab brothers at the mercy of these terrorist organizations. well the exit of the u.s. is raising concern about a turkish offensive which may result in a major conflict with the kurdish y p g z one hundred reports from tap on the turkish border on the complex battle for power in syria. it's thirty percent of syria's territory that can tip the balance of power the north east was america's zone of influence in this divided country it will soon pull out its forces about getting longtime allies to wipe the syrian kurdish are group. truck decision to force. not only to see if. there's. a closer version crusher.
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under the syrian government. the white b.g. dominated syrian democratic forces is reaching out to the syrian government and russia the main power broker in syria to prevent a possible turkish military offensive or takeover of territory the u.s. has said it is going to coordinate its pull out with turkey a signal that turkish troops or its local allies will move in there is a new relationship between the nato allies after years of disagreement over syria but the warming of ties is testing russian turkish cooperation u.s. withdrawal from from syria and that puts at risk relations between russia and turkey because if that is states and turkey managed to reach the deal on syrian
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kurds in some way or another that puts at risk. russia turkey. agreements on it or russia's plans on friday was also. it's not clear how turkey will further behave itself asked in a forum but. russia turkey and iran have been closely working together on syria within what is known as the astronaut format over the years the u.s. has repeatedly tried to pull away from that alliance. if the u.s. hands over the area to turkey it will not be good for iran so now turkey will be on a collision course with iran. the u.s. decision to withdraw could result in shifting partnerships and a cease fire deal in syria's opposition controlled northwestern province of idlib could be in jeopardy that deal was the result of russian turkish cooperation despite opposition from the syrian government turkey wanted to prevent military
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action that could destabilize its security and create a massive refugee crisis now russian diplomats tell us it will be hard to constrain syrian president bashar assad from launching an offensive if turkey takes territory in the north east. the bargaining has begun zeneca their. southern turkey. well president trumps made a further unexpected foreign policy meant he says saudi arabia will step in to support syria following the u.s. military withdraw tweeted this saudi arabia has now agreed to spend the necessary money needed to help rebuild syria instead of the united states see isn't it nice when immensely wealthy countries help rebuild their neighbors rather than a great country the us that is five thousand miles away thanks to saudi a reynolds joining us from washington d.c. rob so just talk us through this tweet how it came about and what do we make of it . well there there hasn't been
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a lot of reaction to this say the reaction that has come out has been one of bafflement you know the white house has not spoken about this the state department was not responsive the saudi government has not made any comment on it the president's schedule for today did not list any telephone calls with any of the saudi leadership so it just sort of came out of nowhere and there were more questions really then than answers here. among them how much money is he talking about he says you know that the saudis did in october. deliver to the united states one hundred million dollars intended for saudi reconstruction but the president's tweets seemed to imply that there was more money that was going to be forthcoming secondly how would this money be spent when would it be dispersed and most importantly perhaps who would get the money as we just saw from xena
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holders analysis. there the country is divided into many different spheres of influence and whether this saudi money would go to reconstructing areas that were under the auspices of the government of bashar al assad with his russian allies whether they would go to turkish areas where they go to iranian influenced areas or formerly united states influenced areas all open questions but very important questions obviously for the future of syria and the whole balance of power in the region and what does this tell us about trump's attitudes toward saudi arabia it seems clear that the trump considers saudi arabia to be a valuable strategic partner of the united states a counterweight to iranian influence and also a place that is just a great big pile of money i mean he.

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