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tv   NEWS LIVE - 30  Al Jazeera  January 6, 2019 8:00pm-8:34pm +03

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that members of parliament have but i think when m.p.'s come to look at this vote when they come to consider what they're doing they need to think of the three things that i think they need to ask themselves first of all does this deal deliver on the referendum does it bring back control of our borders laws and money yes it does does it protect our jobs and security yes it does does it provide certainty for businesses and citizens for the future and yes it does well well westminster does remain divided there is an unexpected support from some immigrants in one of london's most multicultural neighborhoods here's lawrence lee . this part of south london is home to people from all over the world afghans sell fruits and vegetables to eastern europeans and africans who rub along perfectly happily with british people who have lived here for generations you might assume this multicultural pockets of the capital is entirely against a brick say it's often portrayed as
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a defense of whites britain but not so for this nigerian restaurant there is a quiet satisfaction at the prospect of the u.k. cutting its ties with europe and starting to pay more attention to its historical friends in the commonwealth. they struggle for the right to stay in the u.k. while you citizens don't and they think it isn't fair so most of them voted leave before because bridges is in have an arguer right to live with. after we go and swear allegiance to the queen tinman naturalized in my nationality to the community which is a lot of money but when people come from europe to come to the country to live there in the system they don't need to go to india nationality and then because their countries part of europe the after that everything and we as a whole in pensacola i feel cheated i feel jealous about average africa. african british gladly work for breakfast. because i know
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not because i have anything against the why it would give us this leverage in terms of treatment opportunity. governments has already tried to indicate its support for the commonwealth the prime minister visited both kenya and nigeria last may in london the africa next patch it looked all of this enthusiastically britain. from nigeria especially. going to talk more than i do believe there's someone from was a lot of you know thing investments in nigeria and cutting their money from nigeria on a daily basis so they have to return something back to us. it is perhaps an open question what some hard call backs it is make of the support for their cause from black people after all some of the people in london carried white supremacist flags and hold openly racist opinions ever since the referendum nearly two and
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a half years ago polling organizations have tried as hard as they can to understand the voting intentions of almost every demographic but for all that the idea that people from commonwealth countries like nigeria might of voted in large numbers to leave the european union is still an almost entirely untold story and one which may have had a bigger affects on the outcome of the referendum than has previously been understood . there are of course economic arguments that future british trading arrangements with the commonwealth wouldn't be anything like as lucrative for the u.k. as remaining in the e.u. but much of brics it is about emotion and not facts the idea of a reputed british commonwealth has many supporters here horsley al-jazeera in south florida. ok let's get more on mrs may's appearance on the sunday morning shows in the u.k. were chalons is our correspondent live for us this hour in london there were rumors
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rory that she might plan to delay the vote what does she say on that. yeah and these are coming back from their christmas recess on monday and time is now very very short the shared jewel is that the deal that the reason may just spoke about we had a speaking about just then before long is this package. is going to get put before parliament probably around the fifteenth certainly before the twenty first as you say rumors that maybe it was going to get delayed again she squashed those rumors saying no it is going to go ahead as this vote. it's still looking pretty bleak for to resume may's deal though remember that she delayed a vote in december when it with came very apparent that she was not going to get it through parliament she then went back to europe to try and get extra assurances to get it basically to pass the employees in the house of commons has she got those
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assurances it doesn't look like it so of course the question is what happens if she loses andrew marr asked repeatedly if you lose this votes are you going to keep bringing it back in front of m.p.'s keep trying to tinker with it venture to get it to be acceptable she wouldn't rule out that that might happen the question or if that happens of course is is this something the m.p.'s will let her do given that time is rapidly running out she did survive the challenge to her leadership before christmas after she worked the arithmetic didn't add up in her favor so that means she can't be challenge for the party leadership but does she have a plan b. because she can stay where she wants to if she chooses to but she's got to have a plan b. because surely she can't it would be political madness on her part if she carried on going back to the house and back to the house hoping that she would get the vote
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in her favor. well from terrorism a perspective this is the only deal there is no alternative so the specter is basically the vote for this war i have agreed with with the european union or we don't have any bricks it she has already said as a way of staving off the threat leadership that she would not take the party into the next general election the labor party the you know the main opposition party would like that election to happen as soon as possible but this is problematic for various reasons the there's a poll that has just been done looking at labor party members and how they are feeling at the moment so about practice broadly they would like to have another referendum and that puts them at odds with jeremy corbyn the lead leader of the
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labor party who in this essence is a breakfast here so the labor party has problems the conservative party obviously has problems no deal is something that a large number of m.p.'s would want to avoid pretty much at all costs and are trying to a group of them are trying at the moment to essentially starve the governments of money if no deal was was looking likely as a way of making sure that that doesn't happen and meanwhile bubbling under this of course is the growing momentum for another referendum on the u.k.'s membership of the european union during thanks very much. still to come here on al-jazeera a big day for the orthodox church in ukraine as it gets independence and the country has dominated it for centuries.
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i was getting cold again maybe not surprisingly in the korean peninsula we've had a fair amount of snow in our carder recently good night dear from the grayish cather cloud doesn't need to be very deep but the snow in the heart of winter and there are modest reigns of power is the high so pyongyang going to soar above freezing they are going to go below freezing under clear skies the onshore breeze means obese and small snow for the high ground of honshu but tokyo is in show thirteen degrees and his day max in pyongyang on tuesday minus five still above freezing in beijing quite fairly polluted there have to say but it has been worse particular last year now here's some unusual weather for you should be dry and middle of winter and this is china for you were tired already building and you remember that soccer in that came through thailand it's mixed in the flow now and his the rain running across from me and my right to the heart of china you should not see that in january as holds is unusual whether it be mostly rain there be some
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flooding from it some snow at height not huge not not yet anyway and that's where all the energy is and quite a big gaps the philippines look quite dry a shower to dust around malaysia possibly catching singapore you'll notice and similar study with least in the size but java surprisingly not sir. sullivan control. that is tremendous for the country. he was determined to produce a little at the point of a sword to avenge. eighty eighty years he smashes the frankish shockey captures the king of jerusalem he sees is the truth and this is the great military victory the crusades and respect episode three unification and this time.
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you're watching al-jazeera mining's headlines results from the democratic republic of congo's presidential election have been delayed by one week and then once more was expected on sunday and half the votes have been counted so far. seen democrats and trumpet ministration officials have failed to break the deadlock over the partial u.s. government shutdown president donald trump tweeted there was no headway made but vice president mike pence said the meeting was productive. but its prime minister is warning her critics are putting democracy at risk if they can't unite behind her breaks a deal speaking on the b.b.c.'s andrew marr show this isn't a set of m.p.'s reject a deal the u.k. would enter unchartered waters parliament is expected to vote on the agreement next
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week. thousands of people in myanmar as rakhine state fled their homes after rebels attacked four police stations on friday killing at least thirteen officers the un humanitarian agency says many of those displaced a shelf in camps and monasteries the attacks were carried out by the can army which once or ptolemy for the state of rakhine mean mars military responded with airstrikes to infantry divisions have been sent to the area southeast asia political analyst benjamin's a walkie explains the long history of conflict between the rebels and the government. it was kept under wraps while the military was in firm control the country between say nine hundred sixty two and in two thousand and twelve or so the only informed speculation as to why the uptick in violence this past week is on account of the myanmar dependence day which would have been a media draw for domestic media when the country was focused on patriotism
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nationalism independence and these sorts of things it would have been a prime time for that this our economy to draw attention to itself and to its grievances when a country was up paying attention as it were it probably also stands to reason that tactic we perhaps connected to independence day the police outpost that chose to attack were probably lightly guarded or not expecting such an attack at the root of a lot of these grievances well it's an ethnic minority first of all it is unlike the revenge or population it is one of the ethnic minorities that is recognized by the central burmese authorities as being one of the hundred thirty five official at the minorities but they've been seeking autonomy and they've also been seeking a greater share in the very slow economic development of the our economy or rakhine state in which they're based there's been increased chinese investment for example through its delta road initiative in that state which is either the first or second poorest state in myanmar but the local people there the archimedes people have not
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reached very many economic benefits from that investment and so they're seeking out tommy politically the but also greater share of the economic pie and the chips and police officers being killed whilst trying to defuse a ball near a church in cairo to other offices and a civilian nearby what injured when the device exploded it comes days before egypt's christian minority celebrate the cup to christmas egyptian christians have been targets in a number of tacks and recently is associate professor of political science at long island university in the u.s. she says the more attacks in egypt around the holiday season. unfortunately seen a pattern of targeting churches before christmas just as happened last year with the last a terror attack being the killing during its child's baptism back in november. we don't know who is taking claim for this and we also know that there was an attack on a tourist bus just last week exactly a week ago from tonight and so is turning see an uptick and targeting of civilians
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we look at the pattern of terrorist behavior they start with attacking the state or symbols of the state security apparatus for the police and in egypt that's what and surveyed them not just a terrorist organization that folded into ice all started doing back in two thousand and thirteen they then asked to attacking those seeming to be in cahoots or sympathetic to the state and that's when we saw the attack on susi shrines last just around this time last year because those were supposedly families that were wild state they then escalated that are now attacking civilian and one terrorist here speak into attack civilians and mass what it's meant to do is to actually chill society so that they act for political change now we don't know if i'm sorry too much has done this because no one has been credit but we do know is that during the how the suits and during the peak time of egypt's tourist time period we're seeing an uptick in terrorist attacks and that is no way to but i just chill
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society but attack to stay are. millions of orthodox christians are celebrating the christmas holiday the eastern orthodox faith follows the old julian calendar which puts the birth of jesus christ on january the sufferings celebrations are taking place in bethlehem in the occupied west bank the city celebrates christmas three times a year for different denominations. the cranes new orthodox church has been blessed by the global orthodox leaders based in turkey ukraine's church was officially granted independence from the russian orthodox church on saturday the decree was handed over during sunday's service in istanbul this move has angered moscow brazil's new government has deployed troops to the northern city of to counter a spike in violent crime nearly eighty robberies gun attacks on fires have been reported this week across the states of sierra reports suggest drugs gangs were responding to tough new measures in the prisons of former military bunker in hong
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kong the played a crucial role in world war two has been given a new lease of life instead of bullets and bombs it's now home to some of the world's best wines sarah clarke went along to take a look. it's tucked away in one of the most expensive residential areas in hong kong carved into the side of the mountain it was once the main ammunition depôt for british forces in the colony during world war two built in preparation for a japanese attack in world war two it was the very last place to surrender to the japanese so hong kong surrendered on christmas day nine hundred forty one and little hong kong which was the code name given to the sites we actually lost until the twenty seventh of december nine hundred forty one so we always like to joke it's a little hong kong outlasted big hong kong by two days it's a network of underground bunkers but i mean asian has been replaced by crates of some of the world's best wines with the cool dark bunkers offering perfect conditions for storage we have about two thousand of the biggest collectors in asia
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that use us we have around about one and a half million bottles with us and we have a total in catastrophic insurance cover of just under four billion dollars so you can imagine the per bottle value is is very high the bunker's was so sensitively restored they want to unesco heritage awards they were unknown and inaccessible to many in hong kong for years now everyone is welcome i think the whole idea is a win win for the community absolutely because the way they've done it the way they've built up the activities and preserve the building and also i have to say they've got a very good sense of the historical importance there once twenty four bunkers here at this site there are now i left each one holds up to twenty five thousand bottles of wine including one of the most expensive ever sold at auction at two hundred thirty five thousand dollars for that reason god monitor the site closely
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maintaining twenty four hours of violence the auction is subbies regards hong kong as the wine capital of asia it's been southern the strongest market this year with hong kong accounting for more than. half of the company's one hundred million dollar global wine sales some would argue is actually the one capital the world at the moment over the last ten fifteen years without doubt it's probably been the biggest congregation of point collectors and buyers by hong kong a name sort of great to china back in the bunker it's not just about the value of vintage wines the relics of war have turned it into a working memorial to hong kong's past sirrah clark al-jazeera hong kong. welcome if you're just joining us you're watching al-jazeera live from doha i'm peter dhabi these are your headlines results from the democratic republic of congo's presidential election have been delayed by a week and announcement was expected on sunday but fewer than half the votes are
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being counted so far senior democrats and trumpet ministration officials of phil to break the deadlock over the partial u.s. government shutdown president donald trump on twitter saying there was no headway made but the vice president mike pence saying the meeting was quote productive britain's prime minister is warning her critics are putting democracy at risk if they can't unite behind her brics deal speaking on the b.b.c.'s andrew marr show mrs may said if m.p.'s rejected her deal the u.k. would enter unchartered waters parliament is expected to vote on the agreement next week. the european union's make clear and that this is the deal that is on the table there are further assurances we're seeking from them in relation to the specific issues and concerns that members of parliament have but i think when m.p.'s come to look at this vote when they come to consider what they're doing they need to think of the three things that i think they need to ask themselves first of all does this deal deliver on the referendum does it bring back control of our
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borders laws and money yes it does does it protect our jobs and security yes it does does it provide certainty for businesses and citizens for the future and yes it does at least twenty five people have died in a mine collapse in afghanistan several others have been injured in the north eastern province about it sean it's believed the landslide caused the tunnel in the gold mine to cave in thousands of people in myanmar as rakhine state fled their homes after rebels are sent for police stations on friday killing at least thirteen officers the u.n. humanitarian agency says many of those displaced sheltering in camps on monasteries attacks were carried out by the other can army which once or ptolemy for the state of recalling the military in myanmar responded with air strikes ukraine's new orthodox church has been blessed during a mass by a global orthodox leaders based in turkey ukraine's church was officially granted independence from the russian orthodox church on saturday decree was handed over
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during sunday's service in istanbul move has angered moscow. lots more news from if you want it on the web site al-jazeera dot com is the address you need next it's inside story for me. of life around. grab. now white farmers in zimbabwe will be compensated they say. will the moms trigger another crisis. for the success. story.
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down thousands of white farmers in zimbabwe were forced off their land during former president robert mugabe's rule but they might now be awarded some compensation the government says it plans to pay more than fifty million dollars to those who were evicted but critics estimate the bill billion dollars. has this report from the town of. bend. that was promised family nine years ago is difficult he's distraught to see the farmhouse in such a state and doubt some government will keep its promise to pay fifty three million dollars to compensate former white commercial i believe what is happening is
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government is. trying to make the right noises in order for the international community to come in behind them and say we're prepared to put money into this but they're not serious about it. the compensation is for improvements made to the farms such as dams and tobacco bans but farmers who lost everything say fifty three million is nowhere near enough it's estimated zimbabwe's cash strapped government needs at least nine billion dollars to compensate four thousand displaced white farmers. with. the much needed from the. truly. compensating whites is not popular with some black war veterans who helped force the farmers out there that say much of the
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good land were to senior officials in the ruling party just. because i don't have linked in and. we don't have land so forward from us to be considered i feel it's an insult the commercial farmers union says several farms are overgrown with weeds and wild grass on this land the sunflowers maize and mangoes that were once here are long gone this used to be a four bedroom house and this was the kitchen the taps or over there they've been removed people who came in took the tiles and the sink so and whatever bricks they could find the house traced all the way back there that used to be the lounge and the living room for bend free compensation if it happens is not enough he says property rights and the rule of law have to be respected otherwise history will keep repeating itself. al-jazeera zimbabwe. first take
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a look at zimbabwe's land reform policies the first effort to distribute land more fairly was started in one thousand nine hundred eighty but when zimbabwe gained independence from white minority rule at that time the majority of arab land was owned by white farmers the plan was based on a willing seller willing buyer policy which meant the government would not force the sale of land but in two thousand a new phase was introduced to accelerate the process and land was seized from white farmers it was in visit that fifty thousand square kilometers would be subject to compulsory purchases from whites over five years zimbabwe's experience was often compared to south africa's both countries share a history of land ownership inequality. let's bring our guests into the show now we have joining us from harare by skype derek matty shack senior researcher at the institute for security studies in
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pretoria in nairobi is at a concert to see know of rich management and in emerging markets economist and from london joseph a scieno a commentator on african affairs and former columnist for new africa magazine good to have you all with us if i could start with joseph so is the zimbabwe in government's land reform policy a positive thing a much needed policy much needed by the country and the economy. absolutely and in my opinion. needed to have taken place not in two thousand but much but i think we need to put this in context including harrah's a report it is the case the introduction rightly suggested that the process started in one thousand nine hundred eighty london was the cause of the fight for independence in december of the court under the center what happened was when the stalemate arrived the lancaster house agreement provided for one. while
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the war ended anew they went through a democratic process. land would be redistributed on willing seller willing buyer and what would happen is that they got on top of the process led by britain would provide the funds to be able to do just that the thing is that the british and others and their allies failed to commit that to all of their commitments because of politics going back to towards the year two thousand and one thousand nine hundred ninety five ninety six ninety seven particularly. in for we go into too much historical depth of analysis what i want to do is to focus on now your overall feeling is this is a land reform policy policy that is positive for the country in the economy right that's your sentiment london for london form is an imperative the context is important because as we are saying and i think that's part of your report suggests yes the conversation process of the moment zimbabwe needs money most of the
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africans in zimbabwe still need land including the lady in that clip what does a government need to do is to make sure that one people who lost their land unfairly white people who lost their land unfairly be given to them and indeed there was a lot of core option in the process to suggest that you steal my car and then i pay you back for for for for servicing it is neither here nor there all right let's bring derek into it do you agree overall this is been a positive thing a much needed policy for the country even if some of the details need to be sorted out about how much compensation needs to be paid. well you need to look at land reform policy as to what was happening in two thousand and what was happening in one thousand nine hundred what's happening out at present and what's happening at present and certainly there's a need to revisit the issue around compensation for land but most importantly the most important policy which is required at the moment is to provide secure tenure
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for land so that those land leases are transferable and what's called bankable here in two thousand there wasn't actually a land reform policy what was taking place in two thousand has to be viewed in the political context with the land grab that took place in two thousand was more about the retention of power by zanu p.f. than actually what later became the past track land reform program ok so maybe politically expedient economically the alley at the end of the day from an economic perspective what has the land reform policy what sort of about has he had on the agricultural sector on the economy so the first point to note is that zimbabwe historically was a bread basket it's its agricultural production was enormous it was able to feed
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its country in many of the countries around it and in the last few years we've seen a significant deterioration in production so the issue is you know how do you get back to a fully functioning productive agricultural sector and where are we now is saying that insincere i'm saying alison give me your interrupting but let me bring you the argument from supporters of the government who would say maze production for example in two thousand and seventeen is the highest in two decades tobacco production another success story they say that's that five hundred seventy six million dollars worth of it produced in two thousand and seventeen as we say it's been deteriorating in the last few years. well it's statistics isn't it you're comparing it to two decades ago two decades ago was as far as i can remember in one nine hundred ninety seven one thousand nine hundred ninety eight so it depends where you go back towards but i think if you look at it you can't you cannot argue that the agricultural sector in zimbabwe is as productive as it can be so i think
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you know what one is going to look at it and and and add in bit that once we have that admission we can then work forward and say how do we get it back to where it where it could be and i think what president man and god was trying to do with this fifty two million dollars. compensation is thread a needle he's trying to open up he's trying to refinance he's trying to reopen zimbabwe to the global economy and in order to do that he's got to make some kind of gesture of restitution and i think that's what he's seeking to do the problem in zimbabwe of course is you've got a mickey mouse currency you've got a situation which which cannot go on it's practically venezuelan in terms of the currency and i don't know how it's going to square the circle it becomes very very populist sammy you know the idea that i know there's a historic wrong we all know there's a historic wrong but essentially by grabbing the land and giving it to people are
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not competent but well positioned with the ruling elite is simply not going to deliver a thriving agriculture sector you made some good wine as a man and god was on their mates and reading good points i want to take them to joseph so the sort of sentiment i guess from an economist perspective there would you agree with that that this policy hasn't been a success i mean a mickey mouse currency is alice said you know the inflation the fact that it's gone from being the breadbasket to. just struggling to try and get the former productivities levels. well i suggested this before the peak of the campaigns for democratic reforms in africa that once upon a time to south africa was the most powerful economy on the continent a little mean that was the right you know quite clearly the land reform process other than the land grab as the it political language is
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a necessity the issue is really we also need to look at zimbabwe today as a matter of reality and where totally agree yes this fifty two million is a gesture suggested to show that the present government is different from that of robert mugabe absolutely absolutely sensible it has to be supported i think this governments need to be supported to simply say that yes you are giving an element of a gesture what can we do what lessons can we learn but i think if some of the tones of the conversation is such that we must go back to where the argument was between nine hundred ninety seven and the year two thousand we're actually going back to square zero and we're going back to square zero in a risky way in a manner in which but i think that it would and i think it actually a number of the guys that are who are not we have more productive era is what he's trying to say i think we need to recognize that. this tradition the status quo that it was was not right the fact that somebody who was a breadbasket you know is no dispute but was a bread basket in which the vast majority of the zimbabwean people the vast majority of the citizens of zimbabwe african citizen bourbons who is allowed to act literally.

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