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tv   NEWSHOUR  Al Jazeera  January 20, 2019 2:00am-3:01am +03

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but if it's to people who are stealing the fuel it's good we just have to put up with it for a bit if it's to make the country better that's fine friday ended with another pipeline explosion increase this time with no casualties but the close running for the president to come up with a long term solution to fuel theft and all that comes with it john home and out zero. still ahead on hebron and beyond find out how a family has kept its pottery business going through generations under occupation. hello there should be a significant amount of snow in afghanistan next day or so all this same assistance wrapped around a low that's just west of turkmenistan is producing
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a fair amount of snow as it drags on a bit of warmth from the relatively speaking mild the caspian sea it's all gone east was fairly quickly messy a picture for sunday worthwhile dying for downpour i think after all it's been drug conditions enough gas over the whole year there's a big gap all the way to the west before that system throws least cloud across the levant across iraq to be there all monday tao it probably would be nothing more than picking up what dust there is around doesn't be much in the way of rain or snow upon the system south equally things of cotton down but it's still on the cold side compared with the average for bahrain eastern side in qatar in the u.a.e. that doesn't change very much slow warming i suppose during monday and a dry picture everywhere the rain she's of course correct for the season has showed itself quite substantially in madagascar recently and that little master cloud was thinking about develop into a cycle it won't do that but it will increase the rain again in southern madagascar
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trost a challenge was in southern mozambique as well though the wind quite strong. traits of one of the world's oldest cities seen through the eyes of those who know it best they see that fifty. al-jazeera world goes on the road with palestinian taxi drivers living and working at the hot of one of the most hotly contested locations on a. jerusalem is a palestinian cabbies on al-jazeera.
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well you know what she does or a reminder of our top stories this leading u.s. senator says america's relationship with saudi arabia cannot move forward until the murder journalist american soji killed on a two day visit to turkey the republican senator lindsey graham also says he hopes to pull the withdrawal of u.s. troops from syria until i saw this destroyed. more protests are being held in sudan the latest in a month to bring to months for the president to go villages in the northern region chanted for the end of. at least sixty six people have been killed and dozens more injured in a pipeline fire in central mexico state oil company says people were trying to fill containments with fuel and legal topping of a pipeline when the explosion happened. now this weekend marks the second
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year donald trump took office at the halfway mark has seen the u.s. president pull out of the global climate accord launch a trade war with china crack down on undocumented immigrants and trigger the longest government shutdown in america's history and as our diplomatic editor james bays explains there are concerns over what trumps next move will be. on his very first stay in office president trump made his international agenda very clear his actions abroad would be guided by his view of the interests of the people at home in the u.s. from this day forward it's going to be only america first american first i. this policy made him the disrupter in chief on the world stage freaking out the u.s. his closest friends are pending international treaties like the power. this climate deal which the u.s.
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had signed and threatening to completely change the international rules based multilateral order that had existed for seventy years. after two years of trump u.s. allies are worried about what could come next there are nerved by his attitude to russia since world war two nato has been the u.s. is most important defense alliance but each year when trump has attended the annual summit he's questioned not only how much others are spending on defense but also the basic premise of the organization a mutual defense pact alliance leaders are so nervous they haven't even set a date for the c.s. summit. they're walking on eggshells right i mean it is. a bit like a borderline personality the central right leg you're always you're guarding yourself what is the thing that i might say or do that could set this person off that's not it you don't know how to manage
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a relationship like that and some of that he can't help himself and some of that is actual strategy it is actually who he is it's how he thinks he gets is successful the u.n. is also deeply worried trump pulled out of the cultural body unesco cut funding to the part of the u.n. that helps palestinians annorah and in a move that may have been bold in the world's dictators gave up the u.s. is seat on the un human rights council now the white house is turning its attention to the un's budget as the u.s. funds twenty two percent of the regular budget and almost a third of the cost of peacekeeping such cuts could be devastating in other parts of the world they fear a u.s. pullout to the government in afghanistan has been propped up by u.s. troops and cash for nearly eighteen years and there's confusion over the u.s. involvement in the middle east trampled an immediate pullout of u.s. troops from syria but other senior officials have suggested the u.s.
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will make sure i sall is defeated first there are many questions for the next two years will this administration take further steps to confront iran will dialogue with north korea continue all or be a return to threats of nuclear conflict with this most unscripted of presidents there is only one certainty and that is that things will remain unpredictable james al-jazeera the united nations well john jones is a foreign policy expert who's also a former national security advisor to senate minority leader chuck schumer he says that trumps approach has not yielded results. president trump certainly has demonstrated at times a rather aggressive approach toward traditional u.s. allies who we've not in agreement with but i gather the hostility and the aggressive approach pretty much stopped at the principle level to become the. process for a trump administration officials to implement damage control and clean up in
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response to the confusion or to the unexpected announcement whether it's been in the europe and europe or the middle east is outreach towards russia and north korea notwithstanding his motivations have not brought forth any meaningful accomplishments outside of the meetings and some of this has been a more aggressive approach and one has to understand that what president trump is doing is what he promised his based he would do he assured his base that they would bring an end to wars or conflicts around the world that seem to not have a end date he told his base that he would end the war in afghanistan and he told his base that he would bring back our troops from syria he told his base that he would build the will the question is the method of carrying out these policies
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which have been have hazard at time and which has been a cause of concern for policy makers traditional allies and those it into the national community well donald trump is set to make a major speech on immigration as the longest government shutdown in u.s. history drags on from demanding five point seven billion dollars for border will he says is needed to stop the flow of illegal immigration and drugs how did your castro travels to brooks county in texas and just want to you might find some of the images in her report distressing. brooks county texas a collection of branches hugging a highway leading north from the border is a corridor of drug smuggling from mexico. this is where sheriff benny martinez tries to hold back the tide this is small so it varies of on apartments in the i'm sure there's a lot of hard drugs going through this court or this lot is full of vehicles
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confiscated by the brooks county sheriff's office more than three hundred of them all caught trying to smuggle drugs or people deeper into the united states they all try to pass through this border patrol checkpoint one of the busiest for drug seizures in the country the government acknowledges more than eighty percent of narcotics found near the border entered through legal ports of entry the marijuana was within the walls of this love triangle or one hundred twenty piles but the were created to be small to fit the national cavity of the wall here critics of trump's border wall say it's unclear how that would curtail drug smuggling through the ports but what is clear is that for migrants a wall makes an already perilous journey more deadly fifty bodies were found in brooks county last year extending a wall in certain areas is going to force people to a more dangerous area and more people are going to the humanitarian say this is the
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real crisis at the border the people who die in are eaten by animals in an attempt to reach a better life how do you know castro al-jazeera berks county texas. european council president donald has because among thousands of mormons you've been attending the funeral of the murdered punishment puddle out of it's the fifty three year old died after being stabbed on stage at a charity event in the northern city of good dance on sunday the twenty seven year old has been arrested reportedly had a grudge against him as former political party. yellow vest demonstrate is a mancini for the tenth straight weekend in france to protest against president emanuel macro's government. this is the first mass rally since my competition open letter and called for a grown debates in response to a protest is angry with his economic policies demonstrations broke out in november
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over a decision to raise fuel taxes which the government later scrapped in response to the yellow vests movements the people can have a say on certain issues a meeting was held in palin's own a suburb of paris to discuss macro's national consultation david chaytor has been gauging reaction. the big debate will see hundreds of meetings like this one right across from its president emanuel micron's attempt to break out of the metropolitan bubble of paris and listen to the real opinions of the people to dispel the arrogant image that he may have this one is taking place in the town of no less so which is about eighteen kilometers south so it's a good above average income and most people commute into paris for their jobs but i was asking a few of the members here before the debate began exactly what their opinions were
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both about president magnus attempts to dispel his image of arrogance and also what the yellow vests have been doing to stop because they've got i hope the demands discussed in these meetings will be listened to by the government the yellow vests deserve the credit to have put on the table some topics that were in need to be discussed since long ago. both. this would have been a great debate if it taking place before the crisis now i'm not say sure they know . the yellow best protests are of course still going on this is the tenth consecutive saturday which they are launching their protests not only here in paris but right across the country they have many shades of opinion but support for them still remains very high on that the number of people who are putting on the ground is beginning to reduce and there are many complaints about the police tactics the
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violent police tactics being used against them. protests in thailand demanding the government push ahead with its original plan to hold a general election next month for the fifth time in less than five years the government has delayed the vote go hide the reports now from bangkok. a few hundred protesters have gathered here at thomas a university in central bangkok they're part of a growing movement a growing backlash against the government's repeated delays in general elections there have been five delays over the last five years since the military took over the government here in thailand also nearby there was another small protest movement calling for the direct ouster of the prime minister the current prime minister prelude to know just now why there has been an increase in this backlash against the government because of these repeated delays in the election at the beginning of the year there are indications coming from the government that that they would take place on february twenty fourth then just a few weeks ago the deputy prime minister said that probably would happen they'd have to push back the election date because the nation needed to prepare for the
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upcoming coronation of the king and that the nation wasn't ready for elections that's what we saw these protests start to ramp up but also interesting on saturday there was a counter protest very nearby thomas a university here now this is something we really hadn't seen before they were saying that pushing for elections causes chaos and they said there can't be elections until there is unity not something we really haven't seen as a small group of these in sync very close here to where this protest movement is going on right now now we look forward there are indications that in this upcoming week there could be a royal decree about the election date now the elections cannot be held until there's a while official royal decree comes out saying what the election day will be that's and to say that this upcoming week for march twenty fourth now that's something that the organizers here say will bring these protests to a stop if there's a visual royal decree saying that these elections will take place in march there is concern because there is that legal deadline that they have to take place by may not. everyone in the occupied west bank is the city web israel's occupation is all
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you need. it is most intense a minority of israeli settlers protected by soldiers have made life difficult for palestinians that but the city is also home to the traditional altar of hand painted pottery and glass play and the stuffy decker now reports it is an industry that has survived for generations. it's the kind of heat that makes your skin sting a constant burn and one that's been in georgia generation after generation fathers and grandfathers have passed on the skill of traditional palestinian glass blowing to their sons and thousand natchez one of them he tells us his business has been in his family for four hundred years. my children around me three of them are involved they love this profession and they are working in it because they want to preserve this work it is already in our blood. it is delicate work hand sculpt this chunk of clay creating peace after peace each one always
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a little different the quays heated at one thousand degrees centigrade and then the peace starts to come to life. most of the work we do here is shipped overseas we make kitchen supplies like plates. all the work that we do year has a symbol of flowers and leaves it's the finished items lined the shelves but the shop is empty the owner tells us that before the second intifada or palestinian uprising eighteen years ago the shop would have been filled with tourists but the tour buses no longer calm the only people that really by these days are either locals or palestinian israelis and we're told that it's rare to see a foreign face. but despite the challenges of the continuous israeli restrictions in hebron the naches family does good business the make to order export abroad and
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even to israel so does did nothing. to clients who have israeli i.d.'s they buy the goods from us and then sell them to israel we can had we been able to export directly it would be better for us as israel buys around thirty percent of our products because they like our work the traditional business of hand painted pottery has not only survived decades of political conflict but it is managed to flourish stephanie decker al-jazeera hebron in the occupied west bank. so let's have a recap of the headlines here on al-jazeera and on a two day visit to turkey the republican senator lindsey graham met with the president and he said he hopes donald trump will slow the withdrawal of u.s. troops from syria until i saw it's destroyed he also said america's relationship with saudi arabia cannot move forward until the murder of journalist america soji
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is dealt with it's we will. start sanctioning those involved with the killing that mr shogi will make a definitive statement that m.b.a.'s knew about it and is responsible for it and come up with a series of sanctions to make sure that others understand this is not what you do if you're an ally of the united states more protests have been held in sudan the latest in a month of growing demands for the president to go villages in the northern region of my house chanted for the end of his thirty year. pipeline explosion has killed at least sixty six people in mexico last happened in his dago state has dozens of people were illegally tapping a pipeline and filling containments with fuel. the u.s. president to north korea's leader have agreed to meet for a second time next month for more denuclearization talks white house announcements
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came off to the north said leave nuclear negotiator met donald trump in washington . european council president donald to among thousands of mourners attending the funeral of the polish. immigrants the fifty three year old died he was stabbed on stage at a charity event in the northern city could dance concerned twenty seven year old arrested suspects that reportedly had a grudge with a political party at one of its once belonged. yellow vests demonstrators are marching for the tenth straight weekend in france to protest against president. government. it is the first mass rally since publish an open letter and called for a grand debate in response to protest is angry with his economic policies the demonstrations broke out in november over a decision to raise fuel taxes december's rallies some of the worst violence has
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been seen in paris for decades. all right up state with headlines on al-jazeera got more news coming up right after inside story. what now for peace in colombia its last remaining rebel group is blamed for the police academy bomb blast in bogota how does the attack threaten the fragile state beneath the following half a century of conflict this is inside story. hello
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and welcome to the program i'm fully back to bowl it's a deadliest attack in colombia for fifteen years ten days car bomb blast in bogota kills twenty people and injured dozens in a police academy president even decays brain in colombia's last remaining rebel group the l.n. and his renewed arrest orders for commanders who have been in cuba for peace talks buster johnson you're is there. no more no more deaths more kidnappings and attacks on the environment colombia's ses no more those hsien to squat in place yet the two hundred and forty seven kidnapped every year and about two people every three days eleven is and has been a criminal machine of kidnappings and attacks syquest. today's for all of colombia it is clear that the eleven has no genuine will for peace al-jazeera is on is on the run p a t is following events in bogota. the president addressed the
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nation late on friday doing what everybody was expecting ending the possibility of a reactivation peace negotiations with. the active rebel group in a call on the that that happened after the government and now that was behind the car bomb attack that killed twenty young cadets on thursday here in the capital. that no ideology no political fight can justify the horror that colombians had to endure he announced that he will reactivate the international arrest warrant of the leadership who is in cuba and they were expecting the restart of the peace negotiations for many here do they have the oh no other option after this attack on thursday and this means that
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colombia will not have the possibility at least for now to reach a complete peace something that most colombians hope could happen. the largest rebel group in the country the park had an agreement with the colombian government back in two thousand and sixteen more background on the national liberation army widely known as the e l n it's colombia's last remaining active group of around two thousand rebels the left wing group was founded in one thousand nine hundred sixty four by roman catholic priests and students inspired by the cuban revolution and marxist ideology their own struggle is for a popular democracy and equal distribution of land and wealth their activities include kidnappings cocaine trafficking blowing up oil pipelines and attacking multinational companies both the us and e.u. consider the l.n. a terrorist organization and began formal top. with the colombian government in
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twenty sixteen after then president juan manuel santos signed a landmark peace deal with the largest rebel group the far the temporary ceasefire was in october twenty seventeen after more than fifty years of conflicts the group resumed attacks a year ago when the one hundred one day cease fire agreement expired and leaders demanded a new deal peace talks resumes last may first in ecuador then in cuba but were suspended in september when the new president even decay dissolve the government's negotiation team in havana and demanded that u.n. stop all criminal activities. with. let's bring in our panel now joining us from bogota is jorge interests repl director of sirach a conflict analysis research center in boss alone a spain we're joined on skype by christiane had bull's-eye married to rex of the international council an institute for peace and also in bogota colombia arlene
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taken a professor of international relations at universidad dead rosario thank you all for joining us on inside story thank you so much for your time jorge wrists a pool in bogota if i can start with you does this attack indeed bear the hallmarks of and if it does what message are they sending the colombian government. well first yes it does bear the marks of a yell and that's the way they have all paraded in the past in their terrorist attacks the most recent one happened. and it was very similar despite some minor differences that usually proceeding that way attacking the type of targets but most important probably is the fact that there is sufficient evidence in my view brought forward by the colombian prosecutor's offices. provide credit is credibility to the
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accusation that they did it to. against the leadership the other point in terms of the message it's basically a message that we do not know if it is of the entire group which is a federated quite known cohesive group in terms of decision taken ways dad is at least from one part of the group that they are withdrawing their support for the land to negotiate to the government an end to the. to the conflict that they have going on for the past fifty two years we've begun or mental interesting part hey the target at the general santander police academy supposed to be one of but what ties most protected installations what does the fact that they were able to target this military academy say about their strength and also what does it say about the government the authorities level of preparedness.
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well one has to say that it is very difficult to have complete protection against a terrorist attack i mean it's very difficult to. say so complete in vulnerability to these type of attacks second this was a center of studies it was actually not a military but a civilian placing the signs that the police is a civilian institution in colombia of course there were armed guards and there was protection but this is not a place where police operation as we're dealing carry out there is not a storage of goans or explosives it is not as well guarded us all there are police installations these off to roll is a university center where there are hundreds if not thousands of students preparing for their careers their careers in terms of police officers and that's why there were by the way show many foreigners that were studying for because all to central
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america in these occurred in our lane in bogota even duquesne was elected colombia's president on a no and we form a no an order platform i should say but he somewhat moderated once he took office do you think this attack will change his course how do you see the government responding in the short and in the long term. i think the government returning to a hard handed strategy unfortunately this was ducasse promise as you mentioned and he had attempted to strike a more can fill or it can kill or a tory tone and to take a middle road not rejecting completely the peace process but also not buying into them completely as a one man like those of previous president has been accused of doing so given the new military and police leadership the duca has appointed at the end of last year
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and given this event and his announcement that he's going to end any possibility in the near future of talks of the election i think that what we can expect is a return to more violence a more militarized strategy a little help here and our own shutting the door entirely on negotiations in the not. so he has offered to keep the door open if the l.n. establishes a certain condition such as bringing all kidnapping victims and seething their criminal activities related to terrorist attacks picking excedrin but these are conditions that he had laid out at the very beginning of his government and it's difficult to envision the l.n. actually complying all right let's bring in christiane into the conversation christian in boston. in the last two decades you were recently in colombia in the last two decades and has never been capable or shown much interest in carrying out high profile acts of violence what does this attack if they are indeed behind it
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suggest about their capabilities and their intentions. well indeed this is surprising in terms of the impact their pack has head however i would echo the words of jorge this tipple that. is not a cohesive group it's a federation with different commanders and i wouldn't be surprised if this wasn't something that had been agreed by the force structure but if it is confirmed that the un is behind it it's probably a faction of the un and i wouldn't be surprised if this end would trigger severe internal discussions because i'm pretty sure not everybody inside there are going to say sharon agrees with that if it's interesting that you say they're not a cohesive group it was expected that with that they would fill the vacuum left by the fock after the fox signed a peace agreement with the government in twenty sixteen but they haven't done that is that the case. oh yes they have indeed done it but what that the security
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situation in colombia after the peace agreement with which was the main rebel group and was signed a couple of years ago is that you still have a left wing politically motivated armed group. but since quite a long time ago and colluding with. criminal activity so there is a struggle inside they're going to say should be between those who are still stick to the political line and the other ones who are creating you have an upper hand because they have more money and more power or more links to my way of living in the criminal activities here interesting. i really want to know about the strength of the group today did they absorb the foxy legal economies and territorial control it was again as i say expected that they would fill that gap it would fail that vacuum but what happened in your view they didn't have the capacity to field a vacuum spaces that the far left in order to be able to capture the
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reins from criminal activities that. were producing the illegal read the illegal funds. and he's currently in at least five areas in the country they did try to expand to several of those areas but one has to remember that in most areas of regions where the they are facing criminal organizations there are also disputing those illegal rent illegal funds with them then they have not been relatively successful and that is important because it explains two things one that the higher risk that there are no with this terrorist campaign and after the ending of the peace negotiations that was the create by. yesterday it is a higher risk but it is local law. and second that it will be very difficult
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through the sea because they are in bridges which are far away distant very difficult drastically in those areas how very. complicated situation in terms of security not only because of the presence of the un but because of the presence of all the criminal groups these people in those rates with arlene this is very difficult to defeat the this is no doubt president do case first big test how much confidence is there how much confidence do colombians have in his ability to tackle this security threat. i think the levels of confidence are quite low look at polling his polling tremendously low he does not project authority and many rounds including security and i think it will be remains to be seen if the new military and police leadership is capable of filling the void in security but what we're seeing are increases in attacks and killings of social leaders increases in
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homicide and other manifestations of violence and insecurity in the country so i would say that the objective is quite difficult to comply with right now and colombians of course eileen were deeply polarized over the issue. of peace with the sox they were many problems in a stalemate problems in implementing that deal do you think they can be a similar deal with the. the l. and my colleagues have explained it is a completely different organization in negotiations that had taken place with the group had proceeded along a very different track most importantly the and insist that any agreement has to be the result of consultations with civil society which is something that the party could not demanded and this is a very difficult act to conduct and so proceeding and get even to lay down their arms even is a very difficult challenge that the government now. kristin in barcelona you are in
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spain any n.z. to paddle beltran has drawn comparisons between the e l a and the basque separatist group eta we know that petro sanchez when he was visiting the region just a few months ago offered spain support to reach some sort of agreement because of spain's experience with can a comparison be drawn between. and can a similar agreement be reached. i don't think so in terms of the nature of the group or there or the design of the peace process spain has not been a major player and the peace process in colombia or as when the world over the last ten fifteen years i would say unlike before when they had been very active in central america and one of the reasons is because of the hard line policy in spain against their group essentially the message was we don't talk to terrorists now and most armed groups around the world are listed as terrorist organizations and
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therefore it's a public policies we don't think it was terrorist and it's very difficult to sustain to play any role now where i do see and very interesting and islands he is simply knowing. that armed conflict in the basque country did not terminate through on a peace agreement or peace negotiations what happened is that. the armed group put a bomb. in at the airport in madrid that has such a huge impact on society and said that such a harsh reaction not only from society at large but even from their own constituency that it became the last act. because it clearly saw there was no future and continuing with a biotin struggle. i don't want to make wishful thinking but i do think that it's confirmed that this was behind this attack. would invasion that's the end of their political future and in any case of course that doesn't mean it's the end of they're going to say sure that there needs to be some sort of transition but
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unlikely through formal negotiations with the government and possibly there would have to be a new when news of the conversations to pave the way for that the l.n. to disband and that is something that happened in the basque country under the leadership of civil society so we'll see if that is said track that will follow in abol the tap your thoughts on this sad. you know christian says this could mark the end of the land as a political organisation do you agree with that and also i'm curious about the regional implications. in venezuela they have some support that what implications regionally i mean i do believe that they will use these on the contrary kristie and i do believe that they are going to use these the end of these negotiations to reinvent itself and sadly it's strongest all the factions which is the eastern bloc which is actually close to within israel is
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going to use. the reste of the eleven. in order to transform itself in a much more radical organisation that will base their armed violence in terrorist attacks i envision an increase in urban guerrilla guerrilla warfare but basically not or guerrilla warfare most likely arbonne terrorist attacks and also an increase against the economic infrastructure in particular against oil pipelines this is a sudden moment in colombian history because what we are see is that there is somehow a consensus in colombian society that we need to close the door to end the conflict with a yell and through unable she ation and that's by the news really bad news but also the development of rural areas the poverty and inequality in some parts of colombia
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has been fertile fertile ground for these rebel groups for the fox for the l.n. has that been addressed a piece of the twenty six didn't address that does this new president have a plan to address that issue i mean let me put it this way colombia has been seen an incredible transformation for the good. in terms of reducing poverty in terms of reducing inequality and providing public services but is not sufficient enough to finish all these good conditions for insurgency still levels of the are incredibly high and we're still seeing what. a moment ago which is very high levels of what i call political violence against human rights as a friend or social leaders those that are seeking the restitution of their lands that have taken away violence we are still very tribal society
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a very conflicted society and sadly also feeds the insurgency of the yeah arlene your thoughts on this what policies has to do a government put in place to address the economic inequalities the social inequalities in some of colombia's neglected areas and are they convincing enough i would say that he has been implemented many policies and perhaps in his defense juan manuel santos was also not tremendously successful the previous government in addressing in particular inequality which has not improved. in years to be one of the most equal unequal countries in the world and one of the most unequal in america i think the greatest challenge they do get faces which is actually a historical challenge that colombia has ever. our day to day in a country in which regions are very important and which and which in enhancing of the present providing services addressing poverty inequality lack of social
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services is something that no one has actually been successful in achieving. let me hear from you in barcelona christian even duke a promise to of course modify the twenty sixteen peace deal with the fark where does this attack leave that deal and what now for peace in colombia. well as i was saying earlier on. the ticket office he was moderating is discourse and i think realizing the far good agreement with far is there to stay and therefore adjusting their initial position to that agreement to probably continue the peace process in the implementation of the peace agreement i think that is still very relevant the big risk now is that in a polarized society there is a call that will be a call for increased military zation and harsh pression against anything that may
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be linked to the u.n. now it is important to consider as has been said as well there is already serious and human rights violations or attacks against human rights defenders and then an increased military zation of society may lead to also increased violence against people who may be tagged or labelled as the sympathizers of that un but have no link at all and that is actually a very serious risk so i what i would hope is that duke is able to play. the role set that the carrot and the stick were not the carrot and stick starting that put it this way. that hard line against against an any military attack or terrorist attacks but the same time changes in public policy and increased protection for social leaders because that at the end is also our way of taking the political discourse from the u.n. away if it's if he's able to provide for the the record society at large and not
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only for the elite pain but the towel give you the last word what now for peace in colombia and what implications also regionally asked you about venezuela area and also cuba that the president is asking cuba to arrest a u.n. commanders who are there for peace for peace talks what implications regionally and also inside colombia of course. well very serious in terms of those regional implications i think this was a slap in the face to the cuban government has been quite supportive of the colombian initiatives to achieve peace through a negotiation it was i will say i'm not an expert in international relations but it was quite a shambles in the way that the government of colombia conducted the communication and the dealing with these with the cuban government has been tremendously wrong cumbersome but apart from that i will say that the colombian implementation of
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peace the peace building component will be very difficult especially because of the government although complains with. the part of the implementation in terms of reintegration provided the front the funds regional the development it is against this agreement will push that far. strongly in order to comply to their requirements in terms of transitional justice we will have difficult times in terms of peace implementation but i still have faith in that these agreement will support those attacks in india by they will remain itself as well and we will see that disagreement will sustain the future it will be a sustainable agreement in my view uncertain times ahead for colombia thank you very much for a very interesting discussion jorge with a question hairballs and arlene take methink you and thank you as well for watching
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you can always watch this program again any time by visiting our website at al-jazeera dot com for further discussion go to our facebook page at facebook dot com for slash a.j. inside story you can of course also join the conversation on twitter handle is that a.j. inside story for me for me back to bo and a whole team thank you for watching i for now. rewind returns a care bring your people back to life from start with brand new updates on the best of al-jazeera is documentaries in live oh as the job of the plus
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a no and the others through the rewind continues with children of conflict gaza we'd love some peace in this war especially ingersoll children do not have any rights here rewind on al-jazeera. we know the culture we know the problems that affect this part of the world very very well and that is something that we're trying to take to the rest of the world we have gone to places and reported on a story that it might take an international network for months to be able to do it united nations before and after going on fire riot control. we are challenging the forces were challenging companies who are going to places where nobody else is going. russian filmmaker under a necker self continues his journey across his homeland to discover what life is like under putin during his travels he meets christians and muslims patriots and
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separatists i talk to the locals in the southeast with. when i arrived and on to something completely different someone to leave russia but for other russian passport means hope and the chance of happens in search of putin's russia on al-jazeera. this is al-jazeera. eleven o'clock welcome to be live from our global headquarters and coming up in the next sixty minutes. a top u.s. senator visits turkey trying to smooth the way for an american withdrawal from
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syria. but keep up the pressure on sudan's president to step down a month after the demonstrations began. and as donald trump approaches the midpoint of his term we look at how he's changed the world of american foreign policy. and with all your sports and the teenage challenger who was unhappy with herself after losing to one of the greatest of all time at the australian open. so then leading a u.s. senator says america's relationship with saudi arabia cannot move forward until the murder of journalist america so g. is dealt with on a two day visit to turkey the republican senator lindsey graham also says he hopes donald trump will slow the withdrawal of u.s. troops from syria until i still is destroyed as i have been java has more now from
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gaza on top in turkey near the syrian border. the killing of saudi journalist jamal khashoggi was very much on lindsey graham's mind he said relations between washington and riyadh couldn't be normalized and the crown prince mohammed bin sole man widely believed to have been behind the murder has been dealt with we will. start sanctioning those involved with the killing of mr shogi will make a definitive statement that n.b.s. will that it is responsible for it and come up with a series of sanctions. was last seen at the saudi consulate in istanbul on october the second after initial denials the kingdom eventually admitted that saudi agents killed the journalist who criticized the crown prince of saudi leaders say eleven saudis have been indicted while the us government has imposed sanctions on seventeen saudis for their suspected drawled in the murder lindsey graham is an influential u.s. senator who is a member of the foreign relations defense an appropriation committees he's been
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both an ally and a critic of president donald trump although he's not known for mincing his words but his outspoken stance cannot be confused the deficient u.s. policy he said a little more than a month ago that marvin summer was a wrecking ball and that it was very clear that he was responsible for the murder. and now he's talking about handling the situation i think it's a bit over a bit of a walk back and also i think it's worth pointing out that this is actually useful for dog try because to have someone who is an ally of probably very close ally and a very powerful senator coming out and in effect demanding something be done with them are bizarre man takes some of the pressure off donald trump friends of the united states the republican senator has previously visited the area in northern syria before americans put them in one thousand people killed on wednesday the suicide attack by isis fighters in member follow the u.s. president announcing the draw of u.s. troops and declaring the defeat divisive sparking get another fallout between the
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americans and the turks. it's a delicate balance on the border between syria and turkey the so-called safe zone is in a region sandwiched between syrian government forces backed by iran and russia and turkish troops on the opposite side u.s. forces and kurdish allies are squeezed in the middle. of you kurdish by p.g. as terrorists the u.s. is trying to tone down that hostility towards the kurds the road map to man bitch is the most important thing to be accomplished in the near term so i would hope that president truck would slow the withdrawal until we truly destroy isis and see if we can implement the roadmap to manage as a confidence building measure it were removed by b.g. elements from a bitch working with turkey while the people manage to come up with a governing structure acceptable to turkey and the region and if we do not do this
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. are was drollest going to create holy hill for turkey so is the threat of an ice and resurgence as well as warming ties between kurdish fighters and iran backed forces or unacceptable for both turkey and the united states. of the era. of the international organization for migration says up to one hundred seventeen refugees may have died when a rubber dinghy capsized off the coast of libya three survivors were plucked to safety by an italian navy helicopter on friday they say about one hundred twenty people were on board when the boat left in libya. more protests have been held in sudan villages in the northern region. what began as an outcry. bread has become the biggest challenge. in the capital two. hundred of the brothers left home and ten days ago
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and never came back he joined anti-government protests in sudan second largest city man. we didn't realize he was shot while we were protesting security forces were coming at us and we ran for a bit and he said he couldn't he thought he twisted his arm then we learned he sustained a bullet wound we hid in a house and try to give him first aid that's when you notice that he was also shot in the back when we were able to get to the hospital he was weak and passed away an hour later three protesters were killed that day human rights activists say at least fifty have lost their lives in the month long protests demanding the resignation of president obama and bashir the government total is much lower protests started when the government announced a rise in the price of bread the outcry spread to other towns and cities nationwide and police have repeatedly fired bullets and tear gas to disperse crowds hospitals and doctors have been attacked by security forces for treating protesters. demands
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to end thirty year rule can be heard in every protest march it's been one month since people started protesting to demand change people have been expressing their frustration at the way president has been running the country for the past thirty years despite the use of live ammunition and tear gas the protest seems to be gathering strength and for weeks on the president remains defiant. president bashir describes protesters. influenced by foreign agents after criticism by the e.u. and the u.s. attacks on unarmed protesters sudan's government lawyer is promising to investigate . we will be looking into the death. courage protests and urge people who have information to come forward and presented to us so we can conclude what happened and how people have been killed we'll also look into those injured and those who had their property destroyed in the demonstrations but she remains wanted by the international criminal court for work rhymes and crimes against humanity in
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the western region of darfur some analysts say the biggest challenge he's yet faced at home has the potential to end his rule. this movement will be successful in changing the regime is true that the government doesn't see that but it can happen that can happen through a new political party taking over the ruling party sidestepping the shia and bringing someone else in his place but one thing we can be sure of is that saddam before the nineteenth of december is not the same saddam post ninety eight december when the protests started bashir has promised economic reforms but as protests continue into a second month some sudanese say they're ready to sacrifice their lives to see change changes which president bashir doesn't appear ready to many people morgan al-jazeera caught on. the member of griffin the nonviolent resistance movement which is helping to organize protests speaking to us from morocco he said the demonstrations showed that people have been fed up for a long time. this is
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a decentralized movement that's happening and there's always different groups and they're all uniting on one cause which is like you need to go and a lot of the organization is happening through a coalition through the professional sudanese association and there's cold for protests and when the call comes out the sudanese professional association is not the one organizing on the ground all these different groups work in a decentralized way to get people to work so people from different cities from different neighborhoods they all come together and they're organized small. and everybody comes together because they know the call is coming so it's this is definitely a movement that the people a lot of people within the national congress party the ruling party are actually turning and thinking that they need change too so there's we've been hearing more and more voices from within the party that think this is over we need to move on and we need to reach and real democracy we need to have so those voices are coming
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out so i think there's a main street in consciousness in the city in the society because for years we haven't been talking about it in the mainstream and now people are talking about it and i even have my own family groups what's happened groups and social media groups that are they used to always talk about jokes and whatnot and now they're actually talking about this so there is this mainstream consciousness and people are talking about it and now with more marches with citizens and all these cultural strikes there is more and more talk about people wanting change and imagining the change so this is happening right now and i think is being we need strong and if it wasn't for the strong violence that people are faced with the protests would have been way way bigger but when the protests in sudan begun last month one of the measures taken by the government to try and quell them was shutting down the incentives to be increasingly common touch that was sitting in many parts of the world who were mohamad as a diesel. now according to rights group access now instead shutdowns are becoming
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far more common with three hundred seventy one cases documented over the last two years we were just talking about sudan and not just a typical example as in a stray sions over the price of bread came antigovernment protests present on while bashir blocked access to social media platforms like twitter whatsapp and facebook that are being used by organizers there have also been shut downs this week in zimbabwe as this activist told us the online space is the free space for expression in zimbabwe so by shutting down the internet the state stopped our handle open pylea and many other alternative media sources in zimbabwe from giving rolling coverage of the protests and the repression that subsequently happened the internet is now back but only partially and facebook you tube and twitter blocked so that's making us use alternative platforms to keep getting alternative information out there using platforms such as telegram. and one of the longest known shutdowns more
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than fourteen weeks and twenty seven thousand and eighteen took place in cameroon as a protest movement gained strength in the country's english speaking regions according to facebook's twenty eighteen transparency report and turning to asia china has long been known for its tight internet security freedom house says beijing was the worst abuse of internet freedom in twenty eight team and the chinese model of censorship and surveillance seems to be expanding to other parts of the world meanwhile every shutdown has an economic implication that blocks out or created this tool that estimates the impact of internet disruption mobile data blackouts and also restrictions and those can be huge for example zimbabwe a country already plagued by a weak economy and political uncertainty would lose one point four million dollars in one day compare that.

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