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tv   NEWSHOUR  Al Jazeera  January 20, 2019 1:00pm-2:01pm +03

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that's building measure that were removed by b.g. elements from a bitch what you were turkey well the people i'm a bitch to come up with a governing structure acceptable to turkey and the region if we do not do this. i was drawl is going to create holy hill for turkey so is the threat of an ice and resurgence as well as warming ties between kurdish fighters and iran backed forces all an acceptable for both turkey and the united states the summer job with al-jazeera. the saudi m a rotten coalition has lost a series of ass strikes in yemen capital the military base and drone facilities were targeted the first time the coalition has launched air strikes in the capital since yemen's warring sides met for un backed talks in sweden last month. still ahead on al-jazeera anger and defiance as women rally around the world calling for gender equality. bus
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a palestinian art form that sparse down through the generations in one of the region's most ten cities. from the neon lights of asia. to the city that never sleeps. hell are we seeing the van to get really hammered by winter but the next few days i think it's going to be all action further east this remaining cloud which is wrapped around the low hazy the eastern side of the caspian that's where the action is so you got snow to fall in afghanistan and beyond that it looks like the snow for too many stan and kazakhstan will dry up as i may get to sunday surprisingly so it's the high ground for the research where you find something happening asil of and fine looking weather seventeen in beirut only fourteen in baghdad and maybe increasing class by the time we go from sunday into monday as
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turkey is the brunt of all the rain over the flooded areas but i don't think we'll see very much come to the reason lebanon or through syria or iraq that looks like a mostly cloudy picture it'll kick up the dust again but probably no more than that temperatures have not yet recovered in doha twenty degrees but they're trying to about time get to monday otherwise a pretty dry picture the wind not overly storm a weakening. the active as it should be which weather further society showing itself as something trying to form in the mozambique channel it might form as a tropical low to no more than that but it will in house the rain in sudden mozambique madagascar but possibly nowhere else. the winter sponsored by cattle he's. talking about ivory poachers who have decimated populations of elephants in africa. shipped the ivory out of a different country from where it was because that's where you start your search to look in the wrong place this radiocarbon dating method tell us your trade ivory is
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legal then we have a place we can focus law enforcement on take those out and perhaps the source of the ivory from entering the take no one else is there. a lot again you're watching a reminder of our top stories this top court in the democratic republic of congo has declared felix cady the winner of last month's disputed presidential election but the runner up martin for united says he is the winner and is calling for nationwide protests. u.s. president has offered
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a concession to break the deadlock over the partial government shutdown donald trump is offering it temporary protections to some immigrants in return for money for his border war democrats have already rejected the offer. u.s. senator lindsey graham says he hopes that donald trump will slow the withdrawal of troops from syria until i saw is destroyed on a trip to turkey graham warned a sudden pullout of forces could create what he called an iraq on steroids. a tens of thousands of women have taken party rallies around the world to mark the second anniversary of the women's march the movement emerged in response to the election of president donald trump in the u.s. and calls for more gender equality the main event was held in washington. was at that demonstration in the u.s. capitol. thousands of women here in central washington d.c. all of them with a very big big message that they want to move forward with
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a new agenda for america i want to step out so you get a sense of the thousands of people that are here on this women's day march here in washington d.c. but we've marching towards donald trump's hotel here as well to make a statement towards the president but i want to bring in one person it's your right now it's katie wood and bert katie thanks for joining us are you i'm great thank you came all the way from new hampshire why did you come here today i came to resent represent all women and the deep feeling we need to protect our democracy why is that so important right now right now we're seeing our congress fail where our employees are working our environments failing there's a big agenda here it's talking about moving forward towards twenty twenty or talk about immigrant rights violence against women climate justice civil rights the big big agenda you're taking on here it's hard to decide which is most important in
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every day changes and we need to really look at all of these were in danger why this is so important though right now it's two years into the trunk presidency i see a lot of signs antitrust signs here what is it about his presidency that's really galvanized so many women. while he's anti women and we're now instead of two years from the last election for two years in front of the next one and we really need to get motivated and mobilize thank you very much appreciate you joining us joe there see a view there of one no person it's here again thousands of people here this is just one of several marches happening all over the country on this cold saturday people here definitely want to get their voices heard. at least one hundred seventeen refugees are missing off today overloaded by. capsized in the mediterranean sea three people have been rescued so far the refugees from nigeria ivory coast gambia
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and sudan were on a rubber dinghy that sailed off the libyan coast more than two thousand people drowned or went missing while trying to reach europe last year the u.s. military says it's killed fifty two fighters in an air strike in somalia strike in the middle juba region was in response to an attack by the armed group on a somali military base military says no civilians are thought to have been killed in saturday's strike the al qaeda linked group has carried out attacks in the capital mogadishu and four days ago on a luxury hotel complex in kenya's capital nairobi police in kenya have confirmed that most of the men who carried out thursday's attack on a shopping complex in nairobi were kenyans at least twenty one people were killed until now it was widely thought violence in the name of al shabaab was carried out by foreigners and our reports from nairobi the sprawling informal settlements
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in myriad central kenya live here may see most ordinary as in any other slum but the residents of jungle ordered. one of the gunmen in last tuesday's talk in the capital nairobi was born and grew up here. salim. last cup had in this photograph during the night will be a tuck and he grew up in this house he's neighbors those shocked i'm not surprised these sales over the years that equate to many young men including salim from. rotty percent is one of magickal community leaders we go into harlem because our children have no jobs they need to eat most of them have dropped out of school and their parents are too poor to help them continue with education the parents have no idea when and how al-shabaab recruiters get hold of their children older or learn a heavy hundred government response hasn't helped either he says residents of my
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general blame the ease with which al-shabaab can recruit on law literacy joblessness and drug abuse among the youth here it is a situation that is far more compounded by feelings of state and the nation by residents of this neighborhood kenyans in the past have blamed the violence carried out by al-shabaab on fighters coming from beyond their national borders but last tuesday's assault on a shopping complex in the capital is forcing kenyans to consider the threats posed by those near a home police confirmed most of the five attackers were conditions. in nairobi somali majority suburb obviously residents of come out to show their anger about the tague. unified in grief their message was one of love in the face of such . businesses in the business leave markets remain closed for several hours to honor the dead a remarkable moment of defiance by
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a community long blamed for attacks in kenya that no longer do people feel that is just a problem for one particular community and that community should be vilified. repressed . and driven out of. the rest of kenya now that is settling in we're happy to have that but we're also ready to help share our experiences security officials say there's no quick fix to the threat of domestic terrorism the only conceivable solution they say might lie in a combination of education gun control and internet regulation mohammed all just see it or know it will be kind of the death toll from mexico's oil pipeline explosion has risen to seventy three thousands of people are still missing and some are getting treated in hospital for severe burns forensic experts were at the scene
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for the grim task of finding corpses charred beyond recognition people are gathering fuel from an illegal tap when the blast happened. in france yellow vest demonstrators have marched for the tenth straight weekend protesting against president emanuel macross government it is the first mass rally since my called for a national debate in response to the movement they were chained to has more from parish. the police were most notable by their absence as the yellow vests first took to the streets of the french capital for their tenth weekly demonstration in a row. clashes two were largely absent but there's growing concern about the number of protesters who've been seriously injured in confrontations with the police says the demonstrators started two months ago. fifteen people so far have lost an eye after being hit with rubber coated bullets which police call defense balls. a use of excessive force is a common practice nowadays we did
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a first survey one month ago and it seems nothing has really changed from police tactics neither in the orders given by the authorities. but police sources say when they're being attacked with glass bottles cinderblocks acid a metal bolts defense board launches are the only weapons that scare people in the so-called big debate launched by the french government this week will see hundreds of town hall meetings like this one being held right across the country since president emanuel micron's attempt to break out of the metropolitan. paris and listen to the real opinions of the people the president himself spent more than six hours listing to the concerns of rural mayors on friday night. one of them told him that town halls were the first rung of democracy that they'd been robbed of their traditional role do some research on we are the only european country that has
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expense must employment for the past forty cade's and i'm telling you this frankly it's not by reestablishing the tax and great fortunes by doing a popular referendum that was sold it's hot hot those are just some of the demands of the l a vest who've always pilloried macro as a president for the rich. we do not agree at all with the mccrone debate because from the start he's made clear he's not willing to change his policies late in the afternoon there were limited clashes between demonstrators and police in paris the government's attempts to diffuse the crisis still show no real sign of working david chaytor al-jazeera powers the protests in serbia have continued for the seventh saturday in a row thousands marched in the capital belgrade against president aleksander food church and his ruling serbian progressive party they're protesting what they say is strict control of the media and intimidation of opposition parties thousands of
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people have gathered in the polish city of good dance for a funeral of them murdered. was stabbed at a charity fundraiser last weekend he served as the mayor of get down for twenty years and was a vocal critic of poland's ruling party the reports. saying goodbye to power at a time of its the popular america danske outside the city some mary's basilica a huge crowd followed events on a big screen. as the catholic archbishop of could dance candid family members rosaries in gifts sent by pope francis. among the congregation inside european council president donald tusk a personal friend of a dime of it so too were poland's president and prime minister a demo of it she'd been married for twenty years died after being stabbed on stage during a charity event he was fifty three but said. today we all need silence but
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silence can not because meet this is similar to indifference and powell has never been indifferent or an opportunist. the attacker accuse the previous government led by the mayors former party of wrongly jailing him police have arrested a twenty seven year old suspect. to share with the many what happened on sunday evening was seen as a violent constant sound of warning it's invited us to examine our conscience to change our style of politics or society and our media. back in twenty seventeen a polish far right group issued a damn a bitch and ten other men is fake death certificates they signed a declaration welcoming refugees in protest against the government's anti migration policies. i hope his death will help to remove or at least limit the language of hatred but it's sad it takes a tragedy to bring us together. vigils have been taking place in polish cities all
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week long a sign of how power of it is killing has left the country shaken deep barber al-jazeera hebron in the west bank is a city where israel's occupation is among the most visible minority of israeli settlers protected by soldiers and made life difficult for palestinians there it is affected tourism which has consequences for the city's traditional art of hand painted pottery and glass bligh stephanie decker reports on an industry that has survived for generations. it's the kind of heat that makes your skin sting a constant burn and one that's been in georgia generation after generation fathers and grandfathers have passed on the skill of traditional palestinian bloss blowing to their sons and thousand natchez one of them he tells us his business has been in his family for four hundred years. my children are around
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me three of them are involved they love this profession and they are working in it because they want to preserve this work it is already in our blood. it is delicate work hand sculpt this chunk of clay creating peace after peace each one always a little different the quays heated at one thousand degrees centigrade and then the piece starts to come to life. most of the work we do here is shipped overseas we make kitchen supplies like plates all the work that we do year has a symbol of flowers and leaves us the finished items lined the shelves but the shop is empty the owner tells us that before the second intifada or palestinian uprising eighteen years ago the shop would have been filled with tourists but the tour buses no longer calm the only people that really by these days are either locals or palestinian israelis and we're told that it's rare to see
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a foreign face but despite the challenges of the continuous israeli restrictions in hebron the naches family does good business the make to order export abroad and even to israel. to clients who have israeli i.d.'s they buy the goods from us and then sell them to israel we can and we've been able to export directly it would be better for us as israel buys around thirty percent of our products because they like our work. the traditional business of hand painted pottery has not only survived decades of political conflict but it is managed to flourish stephanie decker al-jazeera hebron in the occupied west bank. this is edge there let's get a roundup of the top stories the constitutional court in the democratic republic of congo has declared felix just a k.t.
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the winner of last month's presidential election. she said she don't go felix. the judges have dismissed all opposition challenges to his victory one of the candidates martin for unity had rejected the results and asked for a recount is accusing the ruling party of a constitutional couth and has called for nationwide protests to demand that are you i consider myself the only legitimate president of the democratic republic of congo i call on the congolese people not to recognize someone who would take on that role illegitimately nor to obey the orders coming from him the u.s. president has offered a concession to break the deadlock over the partial government shutdown donald trump is offering temporary protections to some immigrants in return for money for his border war democrats have already rejected his offer though calling it war hostage takings u.s. senator lindsey graham says he hopes trump will slow the withdrawal of troops from
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syria until i saw is destroyed on a trip to turkey graham warned of a sudden i want to suddenly pull out of forces could create what he called an iraq on steroids the saudi m a rocky coalition has launched a series of and strikes in yemen is capital sana'a the military base and drones for some time were targeted the first time the coalition has launched air strikes in the capital since yemen's warring sides met for a un backed talks in sweden last month. the u.s. military says its killed fifty two fighters in an air strike in somalia strike in the middle juba region was in response to an attack by the armed group on a somali military base the group has carried out attacks in the capital mogadishu and on a luxury hotel complex in kenya's capital in nairobi last tuesday. at least one hundred seventeen refugees are thought to be missing after their boat capsized in
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the mediterranean three people have been rescued so far they come from nigeria ivory coast gambia and sudan on a rubber dinghy this sailed off the libyan coast those are the headlines. more than two thousand five hundred leaders from governments businesses and international organizations will meet at the next world economic forum to discuss the global political and industry trends one twenty nine t. dabbles special coverage on al-jazeera by making the dish every weekly news cycle brings a series of breaking stories and then of course there's donald trump told through the eyes of the welts janin ace that's right out of a hamas script that calls for the annihilation of israel but that is not what that phrase means at all listening post as we turn the cameras on the media focused on how they were told on the stories that matter the most in battle is a free palestine a listening post on al-jazeera. right out of
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a hamas script examining the headline with again with the fractious issue of palestine and israel and the us news new setting the discussions what makes them different as far as your kids sharing personal stories with a global audience nobody feels safe explore an abundance of world class programming designed to inform motivate and inspire. the world is watching on al-jazeera. this is techno a show about innovations that can change lives the science of fight fire we're going to explore the intersection of hardware and humanity and we're doing it in the unique way. this is a show about science lolol are not by scientists tonight techno investigates deep ivory trail they've tried to seize it. bernie but
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nothing has stopped the terrible trade in the legal ivory. now. new tools straight from the lab that could fight a crime the trough. elephants to the brink of extinction giving a seizure is a great victory but the owns are already dead. marie to debut soon is an environmental biologist i am holding a tray of elephant who should show us the high tech plan to stop the killing. then céline stranded along the california freeway yes freeway doctor should do some more is a mechanical engineer chill show us what's been done to find on why this is happening at this stage today feeling distressed and i'm still taurus i'm an entomologist vamps aren't team then do you. know it's do some science.
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to techno on phil toys joined by maria to davison and dr should do some more because there were outlaws out there who are working in the shadows committing horrible acts against defenseless majestic animals we're talking about the ivory poachers who have decimated the populations of elephants in africa and it's really because ivory guys for about a thousand dollars a pound. than an illegal drugs and you know what that means is that the damage has been devastating over one hundred thousand elephants have been killed in just the last three years and the question is what can we do about it we found a team of scientists that are using some unexpected weapons d.n.a. and radiocarbon dating to check it out. april eighteenth two thousand and fifteen. customs intercepts four tons of ivory smuggled in being sacks from the democratic republic of congo. it is the largest
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seizure in this country's history the ivory on the way to laos seized in bangkok after a tip the seizure makes headlines customs. displayed over three tons of confiscated african ivory worth six million dollars a historic bridge from kenya and. nine hundred elephants but the perpetrators of this horrible crime against animals are never caught for law enforcement entities like interpol stopping the killing of elephants at the source is what's critical. the question ends where exactly is all this ivory coming from they almost always shipped the ivory out of a different country from where it was poached because that's where you start your search looking in the wrong place sam wasser is the director of the center for conservation biology at the university of washington. when it comes to solving the mysteries of the illegal trade wasser has created a coalition of scientists virtual detectives using techniques in d.n.a.
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from ivory. genetic mapping through dung sampling and radiocarbon dating this multipronged approach attacks a criminal enterprise that's brought the majestic african elephant to the brink of extinction and there's probably only four hundred fifty thousand elephants left so the whole focus of our lab is to really try to use d.n.a. assignment of large. singapore two thousand to six and a half tons of ivory seized the largest in the country's history roughly six hundred fifty elephants were killed for this haul of ivory. but where in africa the ivory originate from they assume this much ivory must come from multiple sources authorities send samples to washers lab for analysis right now from anywhere in africa we can assign a seizure of ivory closer than three hundred kilometers to where it came from
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wasser and his team get to work the first step is to prepare the samples of seized ivory. we cut off a piece of the. ivory and then when we do is we stick that piece inside a plastic tube with a magnet and stainless steel plugs on the end we drop it in liquid nitrogen which cools it to about minus two hundred forty degrees celsius so extremely cold within three minutes it comes out like baby powder. is the ivory and it preserves the d.n.a. at the same time that was one of the biggest breakthroughs of our. elephant d.n.a. from the ivory seized in singapore is extracted and analyzed in last year's lab the d.n.a. from the tusks is then matched against a genetic reference map of africa's elephant populations this map has been generated by d.n.a. taken from another source rich in elephant d.n.a.
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i am holding a tray of elephant hoop not exactly something you'd associate as a tool for fighting international crime but these samples provide critical pieces of data for creating a genetic map of elephants across africa yup collecting dung samples may not be glamorous work but it's a task wasser and his team take seriously we make the map from the dung we take genetic markers out of the dung samples so you see here this map of africa there's about fourteen hundred total samples here and each sample is from a separate family group loesser was able to determine the origin of the six and a half tons of ivory seized in singapore and shipped out of malawi it all came from a neighboring country zambia. wasserstein had made a discovery that would revolutionize law enforcement's approach to poaching basically the study debunked some of the assumptions that you and interpol had about how these activities were working what were those assumptions and so as
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assumption that law enforcement in general had and one was when you get a big seizure they were cherry picked from all over africa and what we showed is that's not what's happening there poached in the same area over and over and over again. the plight of the african elephant has been well documented these heartbreaking images were shot in a sanctuary for elephant orphans in kenya from before the biggest enemy of elephants when the out in the woods on this two year old being bottle fed stood by his mother's body for three days after she was murdered for her tusks the first to kill the bowls and then you killed the matriarch so now you're destroying the leadership in your group as well as the long term knowledge that these elephants have and when elephants become vulnerable so does the rest of the ecosystem there are these keystone species where you take this one out and it has this huge ripple effect on all these other species elephants are true keystone species.
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sophisticated transnational syndicates oversee every step of the trade from the illegal poaching to the smuggling of tusks to carving factories and shops around the world. this footage part of an undercover investigation captures a shipping agent explaining how ivory is smuggled out of africa very wrong that. we need an urgent method that stops the killing even getting a seizure is a great victory but the owners are already dead. last month singaporean customs seized another shipment of ivory coming out of kenya and headed for vietnam three point seven tons worth an estimated eight million dollars singaporean authorities have already contacted wasser to oversee d.n.a. analysis washers lab and now receive samples from over ninety percent of all marj ivory seizures what we are trying to really do is to figure out where are the major
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poaching hotspots across africa his latest study based on d.n.a. analysis of twenty eight seizures between one thousand nine hundred six and two thousand and fourteen reveals there may be only two major hotspots. poaching in africa southern tanzania and a place known as the try them. when you're saying hotspots you mean hot spots of poaching activity hotspots of seizure activity what are you referring to a hot spot is a place where you are able to provide multiple tons of ivory repeatedly over multiple years then we have a place we can focus law enforcement on take those out and perhaps choke the source of the ivory from entering the network and unravel it so that's the big plan.
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a techno crew member is on vacation in thailand when he comes across this all too common display he's told of their ivory pieces offered up for sale for a price the sale of ivory to foreigners is illegal in thailand yet as our camera reveals it goes on as this old newsreel footage shows ivory was once very popular. croft but soon to his own but all that changed in one thousand nine hundred ninety when the international trade in ivory was made illegal. d.n.a. analysis is one tool that could ultimately help government's crackdown on where ivory is coming from but it can't tell investigators when the killing took place anything postin is illegal to trade what it comes down to is this this radio carbon dating method can tell us if trade of ivory is legal or not kevin you know is a geochemist who uses a method known as radiocarbon dating to determine the age of ivory this is the part
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of the tusk that was actually growing when the animal was shot because we need to know when did this elephant die and so this part of the tusk tells us that so we drove the powder on to this wave paper here. and they collect it into these vials next to ivory powder is combusted and turned into pure c o two so what is this we can bust it in this tube it there's other impurities in there other gases we need to get rid of those so that when we measure the radio carbon content we just are measuring the c o two gas radiocarbon dating literally relies on the fallout from the events that took place from one thousand nine hundred fifty two to one thousand nine hundred sixty three. by. aboveground atomic testing between the united states in the soviet union we basically doubled the radio carbon concentration in the atmosphere now what does
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that mean then for organisms when you have a spike in radio carbon in the atmosphere what it did do is give them all the unique geochemical fingerprint in their tissues all these photosynthetic organisms trees grasses that sort of thing are taking in c o two some of it having carbon fourteen in it and in the animals that eat that then also take on that radio carbon signature but there it is you can actually see it's freezing down on the right side so now we're going to do is torch it off and have the final final product. and bring this to them and you do this individually for each sample yeah this is it's time consuming it's so you want to wear these to to watch this process so this is just a regular methane torch not to be done at home and warm the glass. all around it it's sort of like. holding soft serve. and so.
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on and now you can see. there's our c o two right there so that's that's the frozen c o two from an elephant heading for radio carbon announces after. receives the radio carbon content of a piece of ivory he can match it against the bomb curve a record of atmospheric levels of c fourteen before and after the atomic testing era the radio carbon dating a five re could be used to verify the age of ivory being sold on the legal market as antiques but here's the bottom curve and i call this left side before nine hundred sixty three the rising limb so the tusk is imprinted with the radio carbon concentration from that year so we can then go and measure that radiocarbon concentration and say ok it's for example one point three and that allows us to draw a horizontal line across the bottom curve here and you can see it actually intersects it into place two answers it could be nineteen sixty or it could be one thousand
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and eighty so the way to do this is to sample part of the test that you know is older and in part it's us you know is younger and compare the relative radiocarbon concentrations and just fit them back onto this curve so if the older one has a higher concentration in the younger has a lower then you're on this falling limb of the bomb curve november two thousand and thirteen canadian authorities learned that a pair of tusks are being offered by this toronto based auction house as antiques suspecting the tusks are not as old as the sellers claim authorities confiscate them and turn them over to. buy david a pair of tusks clearly showing that his elephant was poached after the law went into effect and the auction house went to court and pleaded guilty now you know and collaborator turi serling have teamed up with wasser to apply this technique to investigate trends in the international trade in illegal ivory since the international ban african countries have been stockpiling confiscated ivory
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occasionally they destroy some of it but much of it remains sitting in government warehouses so they have huge stockpiles on the order of one hundred or one hundred twenty tons and some of these nations are so they're sitting on this ivory. waiting for the day that the international market opens. its current poaching hotspots are shut down the next major source for ivory could be the stockpiles and radiocarbon dating would help confirm it to what extent do you wrestle with despair at the situation and to what extent do you embrace hope and there have been some seizures where i got to say you know when we pulled them out and started rinsing him off in the blood was pouring out of him that we were just sitting there in tears i mean you know that that has happened but you know you get. used to it and and then you start getting these breakthroughs and so no i feel like you know we've got a plan i feel like we're making it in there and that's really what drives me. to
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steps of d.n.a. techniques that you talk about that practice has been done for a long time to maybe track the origin of the disease what took him so long to get through tracking down poachers you know we've used d.n.a. techniques to understand populations of lots of wildlife we're using it within the context of conservation a lot more now it's still a fairly new field so there was a time when ivory was used in canada and believe it pools and now it's illegal but why is the market still so robots the main markets are in china and then actually the united states is the second largest player here part of what's driving that is that there are some communities in the u.s. that really value ivory ivory is you mostly find it as an ornamental carving it's very beautiful when it's polished and carved and it carries a sort of status because of its values so there's still
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a pretty high demand and there is a crisis unfolding on the coast of california from scindia go up to san francisco and beyond sea lions are leaving their natural ocean habitat and wandering up on shore even sometimes in people's yards. and streets well i joined a rise along where we were literally rescuing sea lion parts of the story is crazy some of it's heartbreaking and it's coming up next. this the lion park named johnny cash is making a run towards the open ocean with a satellite transmitter tied to his back he may hold the answers to a sad epidemic among california's coastline. there are plenty of highways that hug california's ocean shores and he's ninety freeway isn't one of them the sight of a baby seen a quarter of a mile inland is unsettling. but in two thousand and fifteen it's not that unusual
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according to local news agencies the creatures are stranding starving and apparently dying in record numbers this year along the coast the images tell our haunting story well we have seen spikes in recent years two thousand and fifteen is already off to an unusually start the headlines paint a picture of an epidemic of sick pops in desperate search of food but what's really going on is more complex techno went to the san diego headquarters for noah a federal agency that studies the oceans far on says what's happened in the last two years is the waters in the northeast pacific have warmed up way beyond anything where you're still according to noah a warm up ocean off southern california has made it harder for nothing sea lions to forage and as a result the pups are not getting enough nourishment el nino is an event scientists have seen several times but this year's temperature is a quite different what's really different is that the waters in the northeast
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pacific warmed up over a year ago and usually that warming occurs after the el nino develops in this case that preceded it ocean warming impacts the food chain from the bottom up as upwelling wins a causing deep. it's occurrence typically rife with cold water nutrients to circulate up mostly nutrient depleted warm water so when you talk about nutrients what is that that biologic material in the deep ocean gets remember allies tend to work in organic nutrients and so the upwelling them keeps that cycle going so how does it affect the top of the food chain the whole food chain gets depressed a lot of the those fish species that could move move northward and a food source there's a lot less than we had last year and the evidence can be seen daily all along the california coast from san diego to san francisco in san diego sea world the company which face public heat for. has taken a public role in sea lion rescue efforts. it's really i knew i was
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lucky i think yeah this how long do you feed them for typically it will be two painting for about twelve days and about five days they have gained enough strength for their actions to start showing some interest they get a fish and they will start taking water to fish sea lions and first admitted to an almost tree asure like setting the pups to fed a special protein rich formula up to two hundred two feedings a day take place behind the scenes we have to gradually rain about it because their bodies haven't seem fresh and they can't process it properly they have to show to us that they can fully process three to five pounds of fish per day which is what they would require to maintain their weight before we stop to feed brands to it observe sea lion health at sea world's nonprofit research on. so in studying their habitats you able to get a better idea of what's happening in terms of global climate change food seem to vanish for some reason the question is whether that's
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a sign i think of long term climate change the bigger issue is are these little intensive answered we're seeing recently going to become more common as climate generally changes according to the national marine fisheries service is the west. as rescued pups are returning starved again it is the most historically busy year ever of this argument twenty five hundred sea lions stranded in california this year alone in the first twelve weeks that we're into the year marine biologists and executive director of the pacific marine mammal center a key from a tosser has seen it all but. they're actually six months old coming into us under birthweight that's all star there the other difference in this year that we didn't see in twenty thirteen and twenty forty is that we're now seeing a lot of adults coming in that are very me seated very star you can see every bone
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in their body and that's a difference from the last two years metacity and his team aesop's might tighten technology to understand why this is happening tagging sea lions is so new to these pups the research pioneers and we want to make sure that the animals that we're putting back out into the wild during this unusually bad rush and make the tagging happens fast as i learned watching johnny cash get his device he spent two months gaining twenty five pounds and is a worthy candidate here for you know that i am your god. send you trying to seal the edges where we're going further somewhere in the back that not secure a good think you are going to tighten up the back it will be good this year several sea lions return to metastases rehab starving once again but rescue centers along the coast compiling satellite tagging dates. this hype that johnny cash and his need to release friends who beat the odds a move the line toward survival rather than the stranding. believe that no return
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needs and they live in long happy life that's the plan and that's what's going to help them we're going to see them out on the rocks in nine or ten years we're going to begin helping you. know i work a lot of behavior in my research and what i found really fascinating about this is what is causing this behavior of the pope's arches going in a little bit from shore they're going miles are going on this long journey in there so something evolved in them that the changing climate is just messing with their their innate response to temperature it's more could it be just utter desperation right i mean if you reach a certain level of lack of nutrition does that suddenly kick in some sort of instinct to just go where ever necessary to find something i mean because of sea temperature is it the food that they normally feed on has moved somewhere and cited the scene i'm starving and they are cold and get my they are absolutely desperate
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that's just that's really heartbreaking each of tonight's stories showed problems with the environment but more importantly we got to meet some very smart folks trying to solve them that's it for today's episode be sure to check in so next time you're on techno dive deep into these stories and go behind the scenes at al-jazeera dot com slash techno follow our expert contributors on twitter facebook instagram google plus and more. in the next episode of techno the team travels to the heart of the amazon. where we are now should be bringing forward to investigate illegal gold mining mercury has a very unique characteristic of binding legal for a minor it's almost like magic and the technology being used to expose its devastating impact and so what we end up doing is imaging the worst in a very high fidelity stream. techno on all just zero.
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al jazeera is a very important force of information for many people around the world when all the cameras have gone i'm still here go into areas that nobody else is going to talk to people that nobody else is talking to and bringing that story to the forefront. taiwan. a sovereign island state or a renegade province of china that must soon return to mainland control. as the bathroom for taiwanese hearts and minds intensifies. people in power investigates the tactics of those to whom reunification is only a matter of time. taiwan spies lies and prostrate thomas on a. rewind
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returns i can bring your people back to life or i'm sorry with brian you updates on the best of al-jazeera is documentaries in libya i was the global for a no and the others through the rewind continues with children of conflict we'd love some peace in this war especially ingerson children do not have any rights here rewind on al-jazeera. top quartile in the democratic republic of congo rules felix will be the next president but his main rival is refusing to concede defeat.
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this is. also coming up u.s. president donald trump offers a concession to get funding for a border war but the democrats say it's not enough. if we don't think this through this is going to be a rock on steroids a senior u.s. senator tries to reassure turkey over plans to pull american troops out of syria plus. i'm wayne hay reporting from cambodia where we'll tell you why china is transforming skylines here and backing a government that's becoming increasingly isolated by the west. the constitutional court in the democratic republic of congo has declared felix just a k.d. the winner of last month's presidential election. x. . the judges have dismissed all opposition challengers to his victory one of the
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candidates mocked him for you know i've rejected the results and asked for a recount he's accusing the ruling party of a constitutional and has called for nationwide protests to demand that are you. i consider myself the only legitimate president of the democratic republic of congo i call on the congolese people not to recognize someone who would take on that role illegitimately nor to obey the orders coming from him. i mean a miller has more from. a few hundred supporters of the jail were gathered in the administrative policing in kinshasa celebrating the victory of the constitutional court ruled that the election result should be upheld recognizing political capital as the new president of the a democratic republic of congo people just say this victory is very much about an independent democratic republic of congo and that nobody should interfere in the
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institutions in this country and the democratic what they consider to be the democratic results that's come out in the last couple of hours now we do know and we've heard from my mouth and tell you the opposition who had lodged the claim with the constitutional court challenging the electoral commission the result will say that he doesn't recognize what the constitutional court is he considers himself a legitimate we know of that election he should be president is also told the police the cultures know just how much of an impact those protests would have been kinshasa is unknown especially given that there is a significant support to security but most of the little cars have support in the northwestern part of the country as well as the east and there are concerns around these protests and just what might happen in the coming today concerns around potential violence from african union highlights and wanted to send a high level delegation to the they are sleep saying that you know they wanted to
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help the the r.c. what it considered to be a political crisis many people have made that no one outside of the capital in terms of intervening will interfere and in the democratic. of. the african union claim that this is a political crisis they are concerns when they do about it about what might happen are all of the what many would consider the controversial constitutional court ruling. r.p.n. angle but as a professor of international relations upon mona college he says many people are likely to answer for unions call for protests the decision by the court is not that surprising the court is widely understood as being popular with judges loyal to the president a few months ago back in two thousand and teeny appointed new judges and people saw that as a as a strengthening of the court his favor but you know when you think about it the brilliance of the arrangement that they have is that now you have the supporters of
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the president of self and the supporters of security being in favor of the decision and therefore restrict the opposition and your people and can just celebrating because the laws of you d.p.s. the security supporters there and that that puts for you to a new supporters in the position of being one versus two and that's going to be a big issue going forward to start doing peaceful protest tomorrow i would it will be met with significant mobilization by you d.p.s. after this you know today in fact there were new soldiers outside of the court instead there were security supporters so you can see how the regime can even delegates and forstmann of the decision to to form a segment of the opposition which now will be part of the coalition who tomorrow sunday tomorrow morning people will be in church and i don't know what the priest will say and i don't know what's going to come out of this but i would imagine that there could be significant protests and even if they want him to be speech full the regime is a strong repressive capacity and it could easily slip into
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a violent outcome the u.s. president has offered a concession to democrats in the latest effort to let end the longest government shutdown in american history but democrats have already dismissed the offer as one sided rob reynolds has more from washington. with the government shutdown dragging toward the one month mark president trump offered democrats a deal give him five point seven billion dollars for his border wall and he'll lift the threat of deportation for a million undocumented immigrants number one is three years of legislative relief for seven hundred thousand dokken recipients secondly our proposal provides a three year extension of temporary protected status or t.p.s. . the immigrants tromp referred to our young people brought to the u.s. illegally by their parents as children known collectively as the dreamers and
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non-citizens from countries hit by natural disasters who had been permitted to live in the u.s. both groups were stripped of legal protections by trump but court rulings have so far prevented the government from deporting them it was an offer trumps democratic opposition could and swiftly did refuse to hear house speaker nancy pelosi issued a statement saying quote it is unlikely that any one of these provisions alone would pass the house and taken together they are a nonstarter she repeated the democrats arguments that the wall would be ineffective agencies and senate democratic leader chuck schumer said trump was treating the dreamers in a very like hostages trump described hardships faced by migrants and a flood of drugs coming into the us drugs kill seventy eight thousand americans a year and car star society in excess of seven hundred billion dollars critics
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point out that most of those drugs are smuggled through legal points of entry and that a wall would have little effect on stopping traffickers what happens next the republican controlled senate will take up trumps proposals and almost certainly pass a bill in corp. rating them and restoring funds to end the shutdown that bill will then go to the democratic controlled house where pressure to pass it may become intense you can just peel away twenty twenty five democrats who want the government open and are not so adamant against the wall to carry the day even if the government even if the democratic leadership remain opposed to the war a possible grounds for compromise palosi said there needs to be a permanent solution for dreamers and t.p.s. recipients not just a three year reprieve if both sides start bargaining again the longest ever government shutdown could be brought to an end rob reynolds al-jazeera washington
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and u.s. senator lindsey graham has again warned saudi arabia over the killing of journalist jim out on a visit to turkey the republican senator also said he hopes president trump will slow the would draw all of us troops from syria well some have been generated has moved from gaziantep near the turkey syria border. the killing of saudi journalist jamal khashoggi was very much on lindsey graham's mind he said relations between washington and riyadh couldn't be normalized and the crown prince mohammed bin sole man widely believed to have been behind the murder has been dealt with we will. start sanctioning those involved with the killing of mr shogi will make a definitive statement that m.p.'s feel that it is responsible for it and come up with a series of sanctions. she was last seen at the saudi consulate in istanbul on october the second after initial denials the kingdom eventually admitted that saudi
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agents killed a journalist who criticized the crown prince of saudi leaders see eleven saudis have been indicted while the us government has imposed sanctions on seventeen saudis for their suspected drawled in the murder lindsey graham is an influential u.s. senator who is a member of the foreign relations defense an appropriation committees he's been both an ally and a critic of president donald trump although he's not nor for mincing his words but his outspoken stance cannot be confused the deficient u.s. policy he said a little more than a month ago that marvin summer was a wrecking ball and that it was very clear that he was responsible for the murder. and now he's talking about handling the situation i think it's a bit of a bit of a walk back and also i think it's worth pointing out that this is actually useful for dog truck because that is someone who is an ally of probably very close ally and a very powerful senator coming out and in effect demanding something be done with
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that more bizarre man take some of the pressure off donald trump friends you know states the republican senator has previously visited the area in northern syria before americans put him in one thousand people killed on wednesday the suicide attack by isis fighters in member beach followed the u.s. president announcing the draw of u.s. troops and declaring the defeat divisive sparking get into the fall out between the americans and the turks. it's a delicate balance on the border between syria and turkey the so-called safe zone is in a region sandwiched between syrian government forces backed by iran and russia and turkish troops on the opposite side u.s. forces and kurdish allies are squeezed in the middle thirty's leaders view kurdish white b.g. as terrorists the us is trying to tone down that hostility towards the kurds the road to man beach is the most important thing to be accomplished in the near term so i would hope the president truck would slow the withdrawal until we truly destroy isis and see if we can implement the roadmap to men bitch as
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a cop that's building measure that were removed by b.g. elements from a bridge working with turkey while the people i'm a bitch to come up with a governing structure acceptable to turkey and the region if we do not do this. are was drawls going to create holy hill for turkey so is the threat of an ice and resurgence as well as warming ties between kurdish fighters and iran backed forces all an acceptable for both turkey and the united states some up in job or the other there are. the saudi u.a.e. coalition has launched a series of air strikes in yemen capital sana'a the military base and drones facility were targeted it is the first time the coalition is launched air strikes in the capital since yemen's warring sides met for un backed talks in sweden last month. still ahead on al-jazeera serbia's winter of disk.

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