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tv   NEWSHOUR  Al Jazeera  January 21, 2019 2:00am-3:01am +03

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month of protests there against the president a student sit in has been held at the university in the capital khartoum the city of has also seen demonstrations calling for the end of ramadan but she's thirty year rule human rights groups say at least fifty protesters have been killed since the protests began over the rising price of bread though the government says the number is much lower smom involve reporting now from touch him. more protests broke out today in khartoum and also in the city of on demand protesters have been planning to converge on the parliament and once again demand the government to step down and the president omar al bashir but soon they were dispersed by security personnel using heavy tear gas or other passive in demand in the forty third street where i was there heavy to gas how has been used and a cameraman working for has been as a freelancer has been apprehended and that's a part of a systematic cracking down on journalists particularly if they used t.v.
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cameras and t.v. cameras are not allowed in these protests since the beginning and today or so president omar bashir once again reiterated his accusation to certain elements who he said are infiltrated among protesters and he accused them of being the ones who killed the protest that he said the bullet that has been used to kill dr bao because of the heat on thursday doesn't belong to any of the government a part of says and certainly it has been it belongs to those infiltrators he said some infiltrators who were up three hundred recently said they belong to the darfur rebel leader of the warhead and that they have been sent particularly to do this type of things and to put blame on the government and stray shell fire in libya has killed a freelance cameraman there who also worked for al jazeera and other leading news organizations thirty five year old died on saturday while on assignment with a libyan militia fighting between rival militias in libya has killed and injured
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hundreds of libyans the head of the u.n. mission in mali is promising a swift and concerted response to the killing of eight u.n. peacekeepers they were attacked by gunmen near a village in northern mali and their identity is not known. so bob is president's warning the police crackdown on protesters is just a taste of things to come at least five people have been killed during protests over rising fuel prices and it's have made hundreds of arrests the u.n. human rights office is criticizing the crackdown and government forces are accused of indiscriminate shootings and these us in the news ahead on al-jazeera worsening shortage of fuel this is in gaza we will look at the human impact it's having.
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hello there that system that brought us all rain snow and strong winds is still with us across the middle east it's this system higer actually edging its way eastwards it's fortis now some snow over parts of afghanistan and some rain as well and that system stretches all the way up giving us some clouds for a masi on monday as well it's moving away eastwards though and behind it it is looking dry and karma the temperatures now marty a dropping but in kabul they're at least staying above freezing we'll get to around two further west we're seeing yet more cloud a rain make its way into the western parts of turkey but nothing too significant and the latest system just eases as it drifts its way towards the southeast now the temperatures for many of us have dropped as a systems worked its way across this including here in doha so our maximum at the moment is getting to around twenty two dropping down to around thirteen at night but that's in the city in the countryside it is dropping a lot lower than that that cold air is also working its way further south so feeling cold still over parts of abu dabi there and did to moscow as well as i'm towards the southern parts of africa where washing also i clone this system here is
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gradually nudging its way towards the northwest it's going to make its way towards the coast of mozambique so plenty of heavy rain as we head through monday there is likely to be flooding here and that also gives us plenty of rain to madagascar as well. short films of hope. and inspiration. a series of short hustle stories that highlight the human triumph against the odds. i could afford four hundred people it was you know he had to be on time to save me on the bed i could get fed up because he felt everybody was out jazeera selects.
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these are the top stories this hour demonstrators in greece have been rallying against a proposed name change deal to normalize relations with neighboring macedonia it wants to change its name to the republic of north macedonia but many greeks object because that's the ancient name of one of their regions. to break up protests in. dozens of people have been killed in a month of protests which began over the rising price of bread. and the u.s. says at least fifty two. killed in an air strike in somalia this was in response to an attack hours earlier on a somali base. eight somali soldiers were killed when al shabaab fighters over
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their military camp on the outskirts of kiss my own. lot of protests happening around the world so we're going to look at colombia now where demonstrators have dressed in white to condemn the car bomb explosion which killed twenty one people thursday's attack a police academy in bogota was the worst in fifteen years government leaders blame colombia's last remaining rebel group the. hears in bogota for us tell us about the gatherings today. thousands of people walk through the center of the capital. cities across. it was a show unity of outrage in rejection to violence to what the government here. and most of the demonstrators are calling an act of terror that happened on tears day when a car bomb exploded inside
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a cadet police school in the south as you were saying your introduction twenty young cadets and also the perpetrator lost its life for the people marching here were saying that life is sacred that they won and to the violence in the country the president of. it was also marching here and so are a number of politicians across the political spectrum in that sense it was a show of unity former president. manuel santos and responsible for the peace deal which fired gravels in two thousand and sixteen also here demonstrating his rejection to the violence that while there was this unified that message and we also were able to record some tensions among the demonstrators demonstrators on how to move forward from here and especially what to do with the
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peace negotiations with the the government shut the door to any possible continuation of those negotiations now that this attack happened but other people here are demanding that the government continue with it saying that they want to avoid a more day can you tell us a little more about. it because when we think about rebel groups in colombia we generally think about the stock and not many other groups what about the. smaller day and then the fight used to be they still have roughly two thousand armed men but they are as old as defiant it's a group that started back in the sixty's radicalized the younger students from a number of subtle. universities. were part of the foundations of this group and through the decades they have demonstrated over and
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over their ability. damage. to structure they're also in famous for that many people they have kidnapped through decades more than five thousand people just in the last twenty years they're still holding at least sixteen hostages right now while they were in preliminary talks with the government to reach a peace deal such as that. and what they've shown again on thursday if they are indeed the group responsible for this attack is that they're still quite dangerous in that they are able to attack even here in the capital even in a highly guarded police academy ok thank you. in bogota police in northern ireland have arrested two men in connection with a car bomb explosion no injuries were reported outside
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a courthouse in derry city but police say they received a ten minute warning before the blast no claim of responsibility so far but possible links with the dissident republican group the new i are being investigated . israel's missile defense system is reported to have shot down a rocket fired from syria israeli commanders say the missile was fired from the northern part of the occupied golan heights the attack followed reports that syrian government forces prevented an israeli air strike targeting an airport in damascus democrats are rejecting donald trump's offer to break the deadlock over the longest u.s. government shutdown in history the president is offering temporary protection for some undocumented immigrants if he wins backing to build his border war with mexico democrats those of a compromise offer is one sided in washington. with the government shutdown dragging toward the one month mark president trump offered democrats
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a deal give him five point seven billion dollars for his border wall and he'll lift the threat of deportation for a million undocumented immigrants number one is three years of legislative relief for seven hundred thousand dokken recipients secondly our proposal provides a three year extension of temporary protected status or t.p.s. . the immigrants tromp referred to are young people brought to the u.s. illegally by their parents as children known collectively as the dreamers and non-citizens from countries hit by natural disasters who had been permitted to live in the u.s. both groups were stripped of legal protections by trump but court rulings have so far prevented the government from deporting them it was an offer trump's democratic opposition could and swiftly did refuse house speaker nancy pelosi issued
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a statement saying quote it is unlikely that any one of these provisions alone would pass the house and taken together they are a nonstarter she repeated the democrats' arguments that the wall would be ineffective if the senate senate democratic leader chuck schumer said trump was treating the dreamers a very like hostages trump described hardships faced by migrants and a flood of drugs coming into the us drugs kill seventy eight thousand americans a year and car star society in excess of seven hundred billion dollars critics point out that most of those drugs are smuggled through legal points of entry and that a wall would have little effect on stopping traffickers. what happens next the republican controlled senate will take up trumps proposals and almost certainly pass a bill incorporating them and restoring funds to end the shutdown that bill will
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then go to the democratic controlled house where pressure to pass it may become intense you can just peel away twenty twenty five democrats who want the government open and are not so adamant against the wall to carry the day even if the government even if the democratic leadership remain opposed to the war a possible grounds for compromise palosi said there needs to be a permanent solution for dreamers and t.p.s. recipients not just a three year reprieve if both sides start bargaining again the longest ever government shutdown could be brought to an end rob reynolds well just here on washington twenty nine days the longest u.s. government shutdown doesn't seem like it's going to end anytime soon and the plight of federal workers facing more financial uncertainty is starting to go viral on social media bring them home it's been looking at that. well the shutdown now in
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its fifth week is the longest in u.s. history a special workers face more uncertainty over their financial future many in the hash tag the shutdown stories listing their person experiences on twitter of not being able to make ends meet. well first i don't buy them a vine unemployment insurance and receiving food stamps just to make ends meet is unnecessary uncivil shutdown has caused me a new stress and uncertainty that will continue into the forseeable future the discussion of the border war belongs in congress and none of that at all workers and others are talking about ways to get around it and help those in need for example airport staff in miami are getting help from the nonprofit group branches that pay pal president dan shomon says the company is committed to twenty five million dollars in interest free cash advances to help some of the eight hundred thousand federal employees suffering because of the shutdown and a mobile pantry has been set up to distribute bread eggs and milk and former u.s.
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president george w. bush has delivered pizza to security staff who haven't been paid and the hash tag for feds is growing too with restaurants nationwide opening their doors to feed hungry civil servants we are afraid that food stamps or what we know is snobs may be about to run out that means millions of americans many of them mothers single mothers with children will go hungry so what's in her kitchen is always there to make sure that nobody will go hungry and finally muslim volunteers along with other communities are helping clean up public parks in washington d.c. hoping it will bring people together five hospitals in the gaza strip have closed down many of those services jews who fuel shortages iran fears this will put thousands at risk who depend on the health centers and territories been under israeli blockade for more than a decade now gaza's health ministry is appealing for international assistance. the
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lebanese president is urging world leaders to make all efforts for syrian refugees to go home michel aoun was speaking at the hour economic summit in beirut a summit overshadowed by a rift over whether syria should in fact be reinstated into the arab league and also the issue of poor attendance cutter's amir shaikh to me been how much of danny and mauritania's president mohamed old abdelaziz with the only heads of state who attended. people in taiwan who are feeling so well have for generations avoided going to a doctor and visited a traditional chinese medicine shop instead but files of those shops have shut down in the past twenty years and store owners fear when they die so too will their industry. explains why. leave chilling dispenses traditional chinese medicine from this herbal store in taiwan natural medicine shops like this one have been used for generations as an alternative to visiting a doctor but the industry that depends on curing illnesses is dying taiwan's
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government hasn't issued a new operating license for twenty years. although he's a. if this profession in taiwan is on the decline it's become a so-called sunset industry older people have slowly left and younger ones don't have a license it's all very uncertain. the license shortage started in the one nine hundred ninety s. as the government trying to regulate traditional medicine shops government leaders feared combining western and eastern medicine could lead to unforeseen medical emergencies it was hoped train professionals would take jobs in traditional shops but that didn't happen well pay a limited benefits failed to attract young doctors and now more and more shops are closing down. good shrink who knows her dispensary will only remain open while her ailing father in law is alive when he goes so will his operating license be done.
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but then the chinese medicine shops are forced to close because the second generation cannot legally carry the operating license our livelihood will be in jeopardy but more importantly it will be the end of a taiwanese tradition and cultural icon it will be a thing of the past it will be difficult for them to emerge again an estimated two hundred taiwanese natural medicine stores shut down every year the total has been cut in half to about eight thousand in the last twenty years taiwan's approach is a stark contrast to china and hong kong where there has been a push to promote an export traditional medicine mounting concern and anger has led to protests in the capital taipei now the government says it's trying to find a solution with industry leaders but shop owners fear it may be too late and employees such as lead channeling worry that it's not only her livelihood at stake but also a tradition that's part of thailand's culture katia locus of the young al-jazeera.
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were taken to the headlines now on al-jazeera the united states says at least fifty two fighters have been killed in an air strike in somalia this was in response to an attack hours earlier on i somali army base eight somali soldiers were killed when i was about fighters overran a military camp on the outskirts of kiss my own place in sudan a fired tear gas to break up protests in a cartoon and the man activists say dozens of people have been killed in a month of protests which first began over the rising price of bread. protesters in greece have converged on athens to demonstrate against the name change deal with macedonia what started peacefully in the capital was ended by riot police greek m.p.'s need to ratify this deal for the northern neighbor to change its name to
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north macedonia many greeks oppose that because macedonia is the name of one of greece's largest regions prime minister. narrowly survived two votes of confidence and plans to bring his contentious deal to a parliamentary vote in the next week in colombia demonstrators are dressed in white to condemn the car bomb explosion which killed twenty one people thursday's attack at a police academy in bogota was the worst in fifteen years government leaders blame colombia's last remaining rebel group the l m. israel's missile defense system is reported to have shot down a rocket fired from syria the attack followed reports that syrian government forces prevented an israeli air strike targeting an airport in damascus five hospitals in the gaza strip of closed down many of their services due to fuel shortages iran fears this will put thousands of people at risk who depend on the health centers the territory has been under israeli blockade for more than a decade and a block of sixteen southern african countries has congratulated felix on winning
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the democratic republic of congo's presidential election the constitutional court rejected the allegations from his opponent martin for you'll vote rigging for you is now calling for nationwide protests and says he is the legitimate president. in just over twenty five minutes next it is inside story. deadly protests in sudan and unrest that's gathering momentum and more demands for the president to quit but omar al bashir has ruled for thirty years and remains defiant so can the protesters succeed in the international pressure make a difference this is inside story.
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come to the program i'm richelle carey they are the longest and decades and the most significant in sudan's recent history nationwide protests have been taking place almost every day for a month that were prompted by a rise in bread and fuel prices at the demonstrators quickly turned their attention to other issues and called to overthrow the president omar al bashir is response has been a crackdown by security forces dozens of people have been killed and hundreds arrested in recent weeks has the latest from khartoum. it's been over a month now since these protests started here in sudan of the beginning there were a way to show popular anger against rising prices inflation and scarcity of some commodities but then they saw in developed into the months for the government of
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omar bashir to step down and this is the longest wave of protests against the sudanese government since the independence of this country dozens of people have been killed the government statistics talk about twenty four people killed activists talk about fifty people killed during these protests and there is a claim and can't to claim to who killed these protesters just a while ago today president omar bashir gave a speech in the state of south of khartoum and he said that these protesters have not been killed by any. state a process he accused protesters of having an element infiltrated within them who shoot other protesters in order to blame the government that's a serious accusation according to some of service here and this discussion about who kills up with us this has been going on for some time now so here's how we got to this situation the protests began against rising prices but widened to question
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president omar al bashir a role they began at a bar that quickly spread to other cities including the capital khartoum the government declared a state of emergency in curfews and some towns and it's also restricted internet access places tear gas baton some reportedly live bullets to disperse the crowds to share call the protesters traitors and said they were being influenced by foreign powers who want to destabilize the country as economic policies have been denounced by protesters who accuse the government of corruption. let's bring in our guests now here in doha adela and a professor of politics at the institute for graduate studies and in boston via skype is alex of all research professor and executive director of the world peace foundation a tough universities fletcher school of law and diplomacy and thank you both for joining me i am going to start with you there have been protests obviously and
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sudan before does it feel or same different this time yes it's quite different actually for to start with this has been going on for more than a month in the past any protests had brought the government down within a week maximum eleven days so the continuation. is interesting in the sense of also widespread started from. still going on in her to an outside force to. looks in some ways like the last days of the one nine hundred to five protests in that there were spread in various areas of the capital not just the center. so. the popular feeling seems to be very strong. and the parises and the country is also months much higher. allan cetera characterization of the protests this time compared to other times and sudan
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where i completely agree we have the ability to endure that there is an extraordinary strong societal consensus that it is time for change and the current government in which is increasingly a really minority clique has to go however i think this one thing that really is very different today from in the past which is in the past in the previous popular uprisings nine hundred sixty four and one thousand nine hundred five the army was a cohesive institution with some independence and autonomy and the high command of the army could take the decision to stand with the people against the regime today the army is is fragmented. president bashir has has a suit intimate knowledge of the officer corps which is very much been shaped by him in his own image and we also have the national intelligence and security
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services as a rival power which we preach has a comparable level of capacity in foreign power and so the senior officers will be less suspicious of one another as they are fearful of the government will potentially embracing change and i think therefore it's much more difficult for the the security establishment to switch sides and pull that reason now i think president bush is still has a chance to play ok in the median age for for someone inside and the median age there is is night night yes that's nineteen so a lot of the people that are protesting this is all they have ever known adel why has this been the tipping point for them yes i think to start with they want to the figure. alex. i literally like the bagel right ahead. rex
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i think the the army is still cohesive i mean that whatever has happened the army has a core army there is a culture of the army i think. they are all what they're there fear is double fear first of all. they they're afraid that the media many militias and security forces. and and they they don't want to jump in and create a civil war so they are studying their moves. carefully. secondly there is a worry among them with this record that if they if they make a coup and take over power. sudan is in the same situation as it is now economic at the. current and isolated they will be in the same position of the
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current government they would be able to feed the people they wouldn't be able to do much so they they would like some some supporter of our side on this but if you yes if you go to your question yes. they use a movement interestingly there's quite a large number among the people arrested themselves the children of people who are in the regime including in the army and the party so it is a there is a feeling that this government has lost touch with the people i think this is very clear. president bashir was speaking today although he was speaking in a rally in the in the white nile province he was nobody has. speech doesn't resonate with anyone he's speaking about it will be the people who
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are killing the ministration will be a vision of the government or the i mean literally or the police but he's not saying that who is then fiery in the government itself has been the security forces have been even entering our houses and obes of people arresting people from inside their homes just this morning they have. first inside the college so there is a problem does the government want to talk to the people or does want to fire what is at the people they are not taking of them i actually put that question to alex alex has there been any type of inkling at all from the president that he actually is concerned about what the people are upset about or does it seem that his sole focus is keeping power. i don't think this i completely agree with that do i go this is really not the slightest inkling of any sensitivity to the major concerns
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of the population a few. minor concessions or hints of concessions in terms of economic policy in them subsidies and so on but people in sudan are completely fed up of this government and it's clear that. from the great majority of the population this is the only government they know them so that the same faces in government at the top of government over the last thirty years it's only people who are fifty years old who have ever had the chance to vote in a free and fair election in and sit on the last such election was nine hundred ninety six and so the kinds of change that people are demanding are going to change that it completely off the radar for this rather small increasingly isolated ruling clique that is that is completely insensitive to one to the demands of the people but i'd like to pick up our if i may on one point that. what happened may which is
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the international science service because there has really not been any serious signal from the regional auntie's that's the african union the i really believe the go coordination council or from the major powers in in europe in a bubble united states everyone has been pretty much silent about what they would like to see in sudan and i think if i get this real quick you're you're bringing up a point that i just want to add to what you're saying i want you to finish your thoughts but nicholas kristoff wrote in the new york times he says and that the united states has joined statements with britain norway and canada calling on bashar to release detainees and recognize the right a peaceful assembly but there said they a much sterner warning to all security forces that they will be hell personally accountable for. atrocities it does to your point it does seem that there has not been a lot of attention from the international community why. i think that the main reason
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it is. attention is only for both agree ogress a reason and also there's a sheer of what might happen next there's a fear that there could be something worse than that then bashir and i just take for example what is happening in south sudan one way we have a very tragic peace agreement and the architect peace agreement is only rubbish. he has actually been the one that has made his it helps construct this very intricate arrangement this share out of power and reward among the south sudanese factions and so many in the international community they would rather have the devil they know with all the short come then the devil they don't know i'm sharing what has happened with the overthrow of all or three tearing regimes following the arab spring in the air and in yemen and so on. ok so you
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did touch on something that like to get your your thoughts on alex's talking about how omar i'm. sure has manipulated a lot of what happens in south sudan he has been accused of basically exploiting an ethnic and racial differences between people how is that contributed to the state of things now. yes i think just before that about the international position that is an interesting convergence of stances in the region for example the coalition the so the coalition which is fighting the war in yemen its support of bashir for two different reasons first they. sent an army to help them in yemen and second i think together with egypt are very worried about any evolution succeeded i think the whole society you know of the gulf states especially the anti cult of
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correlation is that they don't want any democratic uprising anymore that they feel that if they succeed that will be a threat to their own stability so they don't want any democratic uprising to succeed and so they are supporting obviously but even the other side that also say they seem to see. more favorable to. them than the us. about the racial differences yes the government has actually its right. from the very beginning and they did that in the two thousand and thirteen uprising which was suppress quickly by trying to. suggest that this is not a genuine popular uprising but maybe. from the people especially from that food so they arrested some group of the foreign students and i think torture them into
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admitting that they were militarized for the words of the war had nur in darfur and they were planning to do some assassinations i think like that however this back for a very badly on that. actually one of the slogans now is to say that we are all that for years so that one of the slogans is saying that us is not all from that for so it actually did the opposite of what they were hoping to create fear of of other people or divide the people so i think the government at this moment i am very bad shape because the momentum of the uprising seems to have picked up and it seems to be very productive young people old people people for of all the raytheon of the set that are many of the key of the of the rulers themselves alex i
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mean obviously. south sudan left and was created that was a chunk of oil revenue obvious iraq but but what has has there ever been a plan. for the economy of sudan how this how did this inflation how did it get this bad was it is it incompetence or or is it corruption it's corruption i mean in any way this system that has developed over the last thirty years is a city system they don't see and what has happened is that in order just. gain power president bashir and the cheek around him have you used the resources of the nation not just to rich themselves but to set up a nationwide system of client which they are paying off people and then what that means is that when there is some sort of economic boom now there is the lifting of
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some u.s. sanctions there is the peace agreement with south sudan that means that some additional revenues will come because of more oil flowing when there is a deal with the saudis for payment for those troops that have dispatched to saudi arabia to yemen to fight on behalf of the saudis the majority of economic benefits of that upturn goes into the pockets of the ruling elites only from the ordinary people simply don't see it and the only way in which the only strategy that president bashir and his couple have for maintaining power is using that patronage using that money and people are i think very very well aware of and they're well aware of the type of change that that needs to call and i think one of the remarkable and exemplary things about this uprising which is now going on the law in a month is good it is known by the only way in which our terry ends which
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dictators have been overthrown in sudan and elsewhere in iraq well has been through this kind of uprising they are not overthrown through insurgency through through civil war they are over there in through. civil uprisings and this seems to be the fundamental lesson of the demonstrators of london town lines and it's something that the new sudanese government is unable to cope with because if they as the moola escalate the violence the more they will be discredited and i stomached. and and the regime really is acting too cool where the only option really president bashir is to negotiate some form of graceful exit so he has really no options before and a double hog do you think it do you see that is actually a possibility it's only for the couple is do you think that the protests will
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continue and do you agree with alex that at some point the protesters might actually get their way and the president may have to leave yes i think the problem is now that. the more. this protest escalate the more the government rightly pointed out will have to engage into mass at rest is again the people and if if that's happens i think they will the international community might have might be forced to react. so at the moment they have managed to keep. the casualties manageable i mean. in september two thousand and thirteen they killed two hundred people in about three four days in this small area of khartoum now up to now i think after one month they have only the casualties are about forty. so they are playing the
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game of not into going izing the international community at the moment and managing to dispose of them the situations because the usually small demonstrations spread around the area but it's clear that the feeling in the country as a whole is completely irreversible in the sense that they don't want any compromise with the government if stays as if it is so if you think the president thinks that he can just wait this out yes i think some of the people from what i know in the government and security are saying that yes we can they can manage this and actually they say this might be good to mobilize their supporters who have been a little bit lethargic of late and if they also they want to create a polarizing but i think that they are mistaken in this at the moment. they seem to be white public opinion including within their own i think ranks and
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at some point they can to me also gets worse because now there's trouble just a lot and. the streets are also. business are not working universes are closed so this situation is unsustainable for for for the long term of course he has been to syria recently and so he might have some you might have some tips from there about how to destroy your country. alex if not omar al bashir then who. there is no clear leader. in matching head and shows about the others but what do what is quite striking i think is that a number of those who are being prominent in the islamist movement most of them to really have a quote presidential advisor leading islamist salaheddine are now aligned with the
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opposition and so i think what that is is it is the possibility of a very broad coalition government of national unity that in but actually brings into government not only those who are in the better in opposition who opposed the shift ollie's here but many of his former allies. as well as add and then bringing in most importantly the white iraq a. young people who are on the streets there is time for a real generational change in the leadership of what would that happen without and without the international pressure involved that we were talking about i think it would require some call of international mediated engagement and one of the reasons for that of course is that president bashir is reluctant to step down without some guarantees that he himself will not be handed over to the
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international criminal court to face prosecution and also some of those who are very close to him similarly will will face that risk and this is perhaps the one concession that the that the opposition really ought to be contemplating making because. he president bush and some of his close followers really are in a corner on that issue which and compromise on that may be the price that they will have to consider to concede in order to have a number of the transition to check inclusive and democrat. ok well i guess we will have to see how the rest. of these protests play out their final word then i guess will be for you do you think that if we check back in in a couple of weeks things will be different. i hope surely if you.
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pointing to the international community's rule i think is better for domestic communications which are the african union to move in and before it becomes too late because at the moment is a window for both unity where there is a stalemate between the government of the opposition and so some some international actor made jump in and say let's look at this little piece where looters have a transitional government let us have an easing out of bashir. getting teased and and some change which will then. prevent the worst which is massacres i think the international community was were do waits until it's too late after the disaster has struck and then the community issues were more costly and also less effective if i move in through actually you could get somewhere
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a window for opportunity they will have to say thank you very much for the conversation. and alex of all thank you very much and thank you for watching you can see the program again any time if you visit our website. for the discussion of our facebook page that facebook dot com. story can also join the conversation on twitter our handle is at a.j. inside story for me richelle carey in the entire exchange i for now.
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hello again everyone i'm come out santamaria welcome to the news hour from al-jazeera the u.s. has responded to attack by killing what it says fifty of the group's members in somalia greeks hit the streets once again angry at plans for a name change deal with their northern neighbor macedonia. in sudan as protesters continue to demand their president step down and president donald trump offers a compromise to end the government shutdown the democrats though say not good enough. for the united states says at least fifty two fighters have been killed in an airstrike in somalia's middle juba region this was in response to an attack. on a somali army base at least eighty eight some of the soldiers were killed and find
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as overran a military camp on the outskirts of kosmina that it has. the bodies of suspected al shabaab fighters lie on the road as somali troops pour over the scene the fighters were reportedly killed in american airstrikes after fleeing from a somali military base earlier had stormed the base three hundred seventy kilometers southwest of the capital mogadishu military officials say six soldiers were killed during the attack and two others died after a booby trapped vehicle was blown up as the army battled to recapture the base eventually u.s. military helicopters were deployed according to a statement from u.s. africa command the air attack killed in its words fifty two militants the somali army says the figure was even higher. we managed to kill at least seventy five ship bad militants after they attacked us and many more were injured we are telling
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people about that victory today. al-shabaab says it killed forty two somali soldiers during the battle the group retains a strong presence in parts of southern and central somalia. it's also regularly targeted neighboring kenya which sent troops to somalia as part of an african union force it says it was behind tuesday's attack in nairobi when four gunmen and a suicide bomber killed twenty one people at a hotel and office complex on friday five suspects appeared in a court in my row be in connection with that attack the day al-jazeera. has mohamad though in nairobi now has been investigating the background to that and tac in kenya last week talk us through that ahmed. well yes the tug the somali army base was cut it out according to some of the government officials by. al-shabaab fighters who have always used such kind
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of a tox on the somali national army bases and also the forward bases of african union peacekeepers themselves ever since they lost the seaports all. about what's been facing difficulties in getting on a tactic they have used is targeting these bases and then looting what. and i mean they can lay their hands on this time around while they were not successful with those. u.s. a taco bell coped is. targeting them as they were leaving with those loaded on to a lorries belonging to the somali national army of course it is very difficult to tell the exact scale of the u.s. forces on the operation in somalia because it's one short of mystery we know they have a must've base eighty kilometers southwest of mogadishu from where they launch attacks
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against al-shabaab and in the past two years also taking advantage of the loosening of u.s. restrictions on who to target them want to target the thing that we've seen an increase in a tux against al shabaab fighters but this fight this increase in attacks and also them losing most of the album strongholds is still a force to better compete with proven by the tux they have carried out in inside somalia but also in nairobi last tuesday kenyan police say one all but one of the five gunmen who carried out the tuc what kenyan something that's very easy son of the threat of homegrown terrorism. this proly informal settlement of my jane go in near it down central canyon life here may seem us ordinary as in any other slum but the residents of mud jungle are ordered. one
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of the gunmen in last tuesday's al-shabaab out stuck in the capital nairobi was born and grew up here. salim ali get. out in this photograph during the night will be a tuck and he grew up in this house he's neighbors those shocked i'm not surprised they say al-shabaab has over the years recruited many young men including salim from. percent is one of magickal community leaders we generate through harlem a car our children have no jobs they need to eat most of them have dropped out of school and their parents are too poor to help them continue with education the parents have no idea when and how al-shabaab recruiters get hold of their children older or a heavy hundred government response hasn't helped either he says residents of my general blame the ease with which al-shabaab can recruit on law literacy
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joblessness and drug abuse among the youth here it is a situation that is far more compounded by feelings of state elimination by residents of this neighborhood kenyans in the past have blamed the violence carried out by al-shabaab on fighters coming from beyond their national borders but last tuesday's assault on a shopping complex in the capital is forcing kenyans to consider the threats posed by those near the home police confirmed most of the five attackers working. in nairobi somali majority suburb obviously residents up come out to show their anger about the tague. unified in grief their message was one of love in the face of such. businesses in the business leave markets remain closed for several hours to honor the dead a remarkable moment of defiance by a community long blamed for a toxin can you no longer do people feel that is just
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a problem for one particular community and that community should be vilified. repressed. and driven out of. the rest of kenya now that is settling in we're happy to have that but we're also ready to help share our experiences security officials say there is no quick fix to the threat of domestic terrorism the only conceivable solution they say might lie in a combination of education gun control and internet regulation how would your report gives us an idea of where al shabaab gets its personnel and its support from on the ground how does it actually continue to fund the operation. well has been very ingenious in formulating ways to get to the revenue of enough to lol seeing some of the news in some of their most important sources of revenue i'm
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talking about the poor soul but now and kiss my you which used to get them lots of money in terms of taxes charged on goods brought in through these holes and also moving mogadishu has been a very big setback for them but over the years they have devised other ways they are taking livestock from the norm much in the rural areas where they hold sway right now also extorting people not only in areas where they control but as far as mogadishu we are that it was much aware and it's public knowledge that traders in the market the biggest market in mogadishu paid tuck's to al-shabaab for protection and even some civil supplements said to part with part of their some of it to the group because they thought they threatened to kill them or members of their family so that short of finances a tall ok thank you for all of that mohamed atta in nairobi. two other news and
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riot police in sudan and fired tear gas to break up the latest in a month of protests against the president a student sit in has been held at the on the university in the capital two and the city of mom has also seen demonstrations calling for an end to it over she is thirty year rule human rights groups say at least fifty protesters have been killed since the protests began over the rising price of bread the government is calling the number much lower than that it's in washington for us now david shinn former deputy chief of mission at the u.s. embassy in sudan also a former u.s. ambassador to ethiopia it's nice to have you with us the one thing which strikes me with these protests at this point is they longevity for five weeks they have gone all in now do you think they are making any impact but i would agree the longevity is a very critical factor here i was in khartoum in one thousand nine hundred five one
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the numeri government was overthrown by very similar protests on the street but they lasted for a shorter period of time they also were pretty much confined to khartoum in eighty five or as these protests are taking place various cities around sudan so it's a different situation there are other differences too however perhaps favor president bashir but it is a very dangerous situation now do you think there is any situation any way in which we would say almost all the shias step down as i pointed out he's been in power for thirty years he's not the type of leader who would you would think go anywhere but then in the past decade or so in the arab world we have seen long time leaders disappear. so long as he has the support of the security apparatus both intelligence and military in the country i'm very dubious that he would step aside i could perhaps see the possibility of his announcing that twenty elections
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come up in two thousand and twenty which are scheduled for that year that he would not run again hoping that might remove sort of the impetus for these current protests i doubt that would satisfy the protesters however and it's course not even certain he would make such a move but that would be one possibility short of that i'm not sure i see him standing down unless the security services start to develop schisms some of which are opposing him i'm just looking at the pictures of the people on the streets now as we're talking to you and. it is interesting to see this level of. you know they so energized about this and i wonder do you think that we talked about the longevity do you think it will go on or is this the type of thing that would potentially sort of peter out. this one sounds like it's going to continue it seems a little more like the eighty five thousand nine hundred sixty four situations
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which ultimately did result in a change of government than any of those that have happened sense and.


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