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tv   NEWSHOUR  Al Jazeera  January 22, 2019 2:00am-3:01am +03

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getting out of the middle east is the way to do you are absolutely. pleasure talking to you as always thank you thank you in other news a taliban suicide bomber and gun attack in afghanistan has killed at least forty three security force personnel some reports say the total could be actually more than one hundred a humvee truck packed with explosives was driven into a military training base and police training center this is the might in shower capital of one province after the explosion of the taliban fighters dressed in police uniforms them stormed the base the british prime minister theresa may says she wants members of parliament to have more say on the u.k.'s withdrawal deal and its future relationship with the e.u. she is still presenting her so-called plan b. to parliament officially started coming up two hours ago this is after her original deal of course was rejected by a record margin by m.p.'s last week to resume acknowledged m.p.'s have not been consulted enough on the brakes of talks but dismissed any calls for
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a second referendum as the deadline of march approaches. whilst i want to deliver a deal with the e.u. i cannot support the only other way in which to take no deal off the table which is to revoke article fifteen so my focus continues to be on what is needed to secure the support of this house in favor of a brics it deal with the e.u. and my sense so far is that the three peat changes are needed first we'll be more flexible open and inclusive in the future in how we engage parliament in our approach to negotiating our future partnership with the european union second we will invent the strongest possible protections on workers' rights and the environment and third we will work to identify how we can ensure that our commitment to no hard border in northern ireland can be delivered in a way that commands the support of this house and the european union has learned in westminster now lawrence did you hear anything significantly new or different from
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theresa may so far today. no it sees a moment i know i'm supposed to say it's tremendously exciting but it's really is constipate sade's. you know she lost the vote last week by two hundred thirty and said she was going to go and listen to people and they had the information obviously and that is the might have to be a bit of it's weak here and there are probably a softening of the position but she's just come back today and apart from those things you mentioned about the fact the european nationals living in the u.k. won't have to bathe the best part of one hundred dollars to try to stay in the country after the u.k. leaves and that she'll try to go and see environment with workers' rights which suit trying to drag a few labor m.p.'s from the opposition i was with her position it's exactly the same and the debate that followed has only been m.p.'s from all sides restating exactly the same positions that have the months why can you rule out no tail called
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rule out no deal she says because then we have some legislation that might be revoking article fifty and not leaving the european union she said that literally about twenty times to different m.p.'s why come have a second referendum because we'll be too complicated and takes too long and we don't it would be in breach of the original referendum then we've got to abide budget mockers he said that about twenty different times as well and so it's absolutely stuck and it looks now even next shoes day when there will be. a vote with amendments to it's essentially votes on what sorts of other deal mikes be acceptable that that won't get anywhere either and all that will happen after that it should go back to the europe and say look you've seen we're at a mess place you go to help us all over again in the european union quite reasonably will say well no sorry we know we can we can't do any of these things and you've just got to make a decision so he's many and these say that the u.k. has now become an international law thing stop but they can't find any agreement
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across the pieces to the best way through and in the end there is a group. sense that she might actually get her deal through because when push comes to shove in february early march then he's either that or leaving without any deal at all and these are just panic and say oh fine well we don't like your deal but it's better than better than no deal with that very tight timeline lawrence is there any talk slash possibility of extending article fifty if not cancelling it then extending it and getting some more time. if it looked like there was going to be a slim majority to support her deal then she could go back to the european union state give us a few more weeks because we've got so much legislation needs there are literally can't do it by march twenty ninth and so it might be a bit of an extension up until about say the end of june or something when when parliament's tons of shut down across europe as well but that would be on the basis that it is her deal but the idea that the european union will want to extend and
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still say the end of the year would have to be with a view to either a new election or a second referendum or something like that. as i say she's got no appetite for that at all in parliament is so divided there is it doesn't appear to be any majority of any of those things on the floor and sleep with that update from westminster thank you lawrence. here's what's coming up for you on al-jazeera as the new airport in israel takes off we'll be looking at why palestinians to still grounded. and doing whatever it takes to make ends meet the people out of work because of a u.s. government shutdown. i know they're all storm is now clearing away from the middle east look at the satellite picture we can see old this cloud here edging its way eastwards away from
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many parts of afghanistan and taking its mixture of rain and snow with it so forcing couple letter should be draw as we had to choose day a maximum temperature of two degrees and for the north it should also be trough draw a force in tashkent with a maximum or fall further west we all seen a few showers around the coast of turkey belgium certainly had a lot of rain in the last day or so and it looks like we'll see a fair few more showers just in the west in case there for wednesday further south there and here it should be dry say things has settled a bit further towards the south and here in doha it's been pretty chilly over the past few days and particularly over the past couple of nights things will improve though as we head through the next few days i turn to three degrees will be our maximum during the day and at night will see the temperatures drop not quite so as well a bit further towards the south of the southern parts of africa his all storm miss it desmond and it's gradually tracking its way northward it's moving very slowly but it's working its way towards the coast of mozambique so that's where we're expecting the heaviest of the downpours as we head through the next few days and if
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that system gradually works in that it will bring its heavy rain with us some places could see around two hundred fifty millimeters. margaret.
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these are our top stories this. response ability for an attack on u.s. and kurdish forces in northern syria the kurdish suicide car bomb exploded near the entrance to the city of the blast went off as a u.s. patrol passed by but there are no u.s. casualties a taliban suicide bomb attack meanwhile in afghanistan has killed at least forty three security forces at a military base near kabul some reports say the death toll could be more than one hundred. and the british prime minister theresa may says she wants members of parliament to have more say on the withdrawal to you from the e.u. and its future relationship she has dismissed any call for a second vote on the u.k. leaving. now colombia's last remaining rebel group. has said it was
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responsible for the deadliest bomb attack there in fifteen years president join marchers in the capital to condemn the killing of twenty one people. at a police academy on thursday the president is ruling out restarting any peace negotiations with the left wing rebels. who is in bogota so they the l a and i believe calling this a legitimate war what's been the response to that. well of course. responses outrage and more rejection to the. eight main they say that the military there the police sorry the police academy that they act was a military installation and that police should be can see their comeback in big games but for most columbia and here's why i. mean. they essentially consider it a magic or they consider it
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a yellin or most go on the and response of all. these stark and other consequences here is that this attack is also empowering part of the government coalition that he is strengthening the military campaign against the the land as the only possible response here and it's sort of bringing back into the conflict a war on terror something that at least the previous government had moved away from the center does this all have the potential to actually go beyond colombia's borders and become international i'm seeing that schubert was hosting peace talks but colombia now wants them to extradite some elian commanders and arrest them. yes come on that's already happening and it's difficult right now to see what the consequences that will be columbia's this visions of what they way they're handling
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this instead should be demanding that the cuba renounce the agreements that they have made with colombia and the other guy and there are countries that in the context of these peace negotiations has no president to at least sit here and at least in the way that colombia runs their international businesses and then puts cuba in quite a difficult and awkward position remember that this comes after a ready seven or eight years in which cuba at great expense has supported along guess efforts towards peace in the country first hosting the negotiations that were successful with the fire then the biggest rebel group in the country and i guess and till today with the. land now cuba's response so far has been saying that they have never allowed the terrorists to operate in their country but that they also want to essentially comply with the agreements that they had been made
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the way it columbia and the other countries are so it's difficult to imagine that cuba will not guarantee a safe passage back to yell and members of the problem here is that the colombia statements coming from their foreign ministers today was quite strong saying that if you but doesn't comply with their demands they would be duly interfering with colombia's internal affairs and also in some way also supporting terrorists that is i was on the road on b.s.e. with the update from bogota thank you. with no end in sight to the longest government shutdown in u.s. history federal employees are now being forced to find new jobs just to make ends meet their will is under has been meeting a government lawyer at a jobs fair in maryland is applying to be a bus driver jamie rinehart seemingly has it all in life
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a wife three young daughters a home and a car and at ph d. in oceanography what's missing is his job after he was sent home without pay from his post as a federal government marine research scientists jamie is a victim of the government shutdown so he's now at this education job fair applying to be a substitute teacher i've been interviewed with and i think she must have been either an administrator or a teacher they've asked me some questions regarding you know my experiences related to working with kids and and how i would respond in certain teaching situations and then obviously there's benefits to those of us who are furloughed and are looking you know looking to earn a little bit of money we're offering buildings service position and clerical position and so forth transportation less striker's these are the faces of the victims of the government shutdown and accountant applying to be
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a high school math teacher a lawyer applying to be a school bus driver. people that unexpectedly find themselves out of a job for no fault of their own like darrell burton an investigator at the postal service now applying to be a school security officer a mensch thing with securing their position among some accounting schools because my background over the last ten years nearly it's been an investigations this is the second day they've held this job fair on the first day there are more than two hundred people that were here looking for work today when the doors opened at ten am there were already a hundred people waiting in line to get in with no end in sight to the government shutdown a number of people looking for work as high several school districts are holding similar job fairs for federal employees schools normally providing education for children may now also supply jobs for their parents our goal is really to say that
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if there is a temporary gap that people had we have opportunities as for jamie rinehart his interview is over he waits for a call back in the meantime he's become a driver for a ride share app to make some extra money to support his family. but he's hoping that the shutdown will in so he soon can drive back to work gabriel's onto al-jazeera rockville maryland. the head of the main trade union confederation in zimbabwe has been arrested morio was detained at robert mugabe international airport and is currently in a police station in harare the union was behind a general strike that happened last week over a price hike in feel and response hundreds of arrests were made and at least five people were killed in the process. airline passengers have begun flying in and out of israel second major international airport prime minister benjamin netanyahu is
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at the opening ceremony in a lot on the red sea border with jordan the jordanian government was unhappy with this five hundred million dollar project ramon international airport which it says violates international law as well as their airspace the old street in iraq's capital has finally reopened after being blocked off for seventeen years street was once the center of baghdad social and business life but was closed during the u.s. led invasion while many of the buildings fell into disrepair now the government though is open to back up trying to show the city is safe. this is rushing stream to it's one of the most iconic streets in central baghdad there's been a street all in this route for the best part of a hundred years it dates back to the early days of the ottoman empire in the sixteenth century but all rashid street came into being about about nine hundred sixteen that's when the british suffered a serious defeat at the hands of the autumn ones to the south of baghdad to
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commemorate that victory the military governor of baghdad coming up pasha said that this street should be built during the u.s. led invasion of iraq the street was closed and that's because it's a very strategic importance for baghdad it links in the central bank behind me to baghdad's main base the business district which is just a few kilometers on the other side that was very important and it was very likely that it was going to be a significant targets of the street was closed but seventeen years later it's reopened for decades all of the sheet street was the center of baghdad social life there were cinemas here and restaurants and cafes and hundreds of small businesses its heyday was in the one nine hundred fifty s. when money from oil started to make its way into the iraqi economy and people had more money to spend but over the years the buildings have fallen into disrepair particularly during the years when the streets being closed the government is
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hoping that this by reopening the street will send two messages first of all that the proxy i think problems in the center of baghdad might get a little bit easier but perhaps more importantly that the city of baghdad is getting back to normal and it's safe for. more news in al-jazeera dot com of course the latest there on the israeli strikes in syria. we'll take you to the headlines now though on al-jazeera eisel is claimed responsibility for an attack. on u.s. and kurdish forces in northern syria the kurdish why p.g. said a suicide car bomb exploded near the entrance to the city of the blast went off as a u.s. patrol passed by but there are no u.s. casualties. meanwhile a taliban suicide bomb and gun attack in afghanistan has killed at least forty three security forces at a military base near kabul some reports though say the death toll could be more
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than one hundred the british prime minister theresa may says she wants members of parliament to have more say on the u.k.'s withdrawal deal and its future relationship with the e.u. she's just missed calls for a second referendum however on the u.k. leaving. whilst i want to deliver a deal with the e.u. i cannot support the only other way in which to take no deal off the table which is to revoke article fifteen so my focus continues to be on what is needed to secure the support of this house in favor of the brics it deal with the e.u. and my sense so far is that the three peat changes are needed first we'll be more flexible open and inclusive in the future in how we engage parliament in our approach to negotiating our future partnership with the european union second we will invent the strongest possible protections on workers' rights in the environment and we will work to identify how we can ensure that our commitment to no hard border in northern ireland can be delivered in a way that commands the support of this house and the european union columbia's
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last remaining rebel group the airline says it was responsible for the deadliest bomb attack in fifteen years president even joined marches in the capital to condemn the killing of twenty one people at a police academy on thursday the president's ruling out restarting any peace negotiations with the left wing rebels the head of the main trade union in zimbabwe has been arrested was detained at robert mugabe airport and is currently in a police station in harare the union that was behind a general strike that took place last week over a price hike in fuel in response hundreds of arrests were made and at least five people were killed in the protests and airline passengers have begun flying in and out of israel's second major international airports prime minister benjamin netanyahu was at the opening ceremony in a lot on the red sea border with jordan the jordanian government however is unhappy with the five hundred million dollar project international airport apparently
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violates international law as well as jordanian yes those are your headlines on al-jazeera inside story is next. they are there to keep the peace but many are killed targeted by armed groups the latest to die un troops in maui so what hope is there for u.n. efforts to keep the peace in conflicts around the world this is inside story.
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come to the program i'm richelle carey they were deployed to many of the world's trouble spots lightly armed with limited authority the united nations peacekeepers known as blue helmets have increasingly come under attack they've been repeatedly targeted and melly now the most dangerous mission to serve in on sunday ten soldiers from chad were killed when gunmen stormed the u.n. camp fair to link group says it carried out the attack and response to the gym president's decision to revive diplomatic ties with israel in reports a spike in violence against its peacekeepers a two thousand and seventeen fifty three were killed the highest number of deaths recorded by the international body so let's have a look at un peacekeeping missions more than one hundred thousand military police and civilian personnel from one hundred twenty five countries currently serving fifteen operations mainly in africa haiti kosovo cyprus india pakistan and the middle east the largest mission is in the democratic republic of congo where more
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than sixteen thousand troops are the un's budget for peacekeeping is six point seven billion dollars less than half of one percent of global military spending the u.s. pays almost thirty percent of the bill china and japan the next biggest contributors with twenty percent between them. get our guests in a moment first we'll talk to joanne addict and deputy special representative of the secretary general and the united nations multi-dimensional integrated stabilization force and mali she joins us via skype from bhaumik o'malley thank you very much for joining us first of all very sorry about what has happened to your tear team there what more can you tell us about what happened. thank you very much airshow for having me today so yes as you said we had a serious incident yesterday morning and early in the morning when our camp in hawk
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in the very north of mali was attacked and unfortunately even though we felt very strongly and it repel an attack we lost ten all of our peacekeepers are chaldean peacekeeping and a number of them were injured so that that was what happened yesterday but i want to stress that we were involved in in a firefight and we did defend ourselves what is has been learned in the investigation to try to figure out how this happened we as we said there is a group that has claimed responsibility but what else have you learned since this is happened yes thanks on the first thing i would say is only about twenty four hours after this incident took place it's a little bit too soon for us we will have an investigation as we always do and incidents like this we've sent reform's mintz into the area and we also want to see how we can look after the population of alcohol because it's not just about an attack on off town but what that might mean to the muslim population so we are in the process of not community into what happened but we do know that all and all
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troops on the ground and did fight back and repel the attack but unfortunately we do some peacekeepers i'm glad you brought up the broader community what is the relationship like between the u.n. the u.n. peacekeepers and the local community what's that relationship like. well i would say that in general in mali we are very close cooperation with with the population in different parts of mali i mean. clearly we have a lot of people working in the north and one of our first concerns was what's the impact on the people i grew up hearing such as a fire fight so we are in touch with then and we've already heard from the government of mali there are regrets over what's happened and they're resolute resolve to to stay working with us so i would say that we cooperate very closely and our mission is about having the mali and to be able to stabilize that country to implement the peace accord but also to be able to offer basic services to
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ordinary citizens of money is that mission. in crisis right now is it under threat no i wouldn't say it's in crisis i mean obviously they yesterday and any peacekeeper last is awful for us but i think you also have to look at the other things that we're doing an option and one of our big roles is to how implemented peace accords signed in twenty fifteen and we've actually seen some progress on that over the last twelve to eighteen months we had elections last year in mali which the u.n. has had to support the parties are peace accord and now talking to each other we had a disarmament and demobilization campaign towards the end of last month with some of the former fighters getting in their weapons and being reintegrated into society or into the mali an army so i would say of course we always look when we have an incident like this why it happened and we try as quickly as possible to send
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reinforcements we grieve with the families who are affected from this but we stay focused on our mission which covers security and political issues but also development and bringing change to ordinary people of mali john adams and thank you so much for joining us appreciate it very much. thank you let's bring in our other guest now from new york adam day head of programs at the center for policy research at united nations university he's a former senior political advisor to minutes ago in the congo and served in peace operations in sudan in the middle east also in new york by skype this of rain to say are author of peace plan conflict resolution and the every day politics of international intervention and professor of political science at barnard college university thank you both for joining us so adam i'll start with you what with the similar question that i put to joe in. our u.n. peacekeeping efforts as a whole in crisis well if it is
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a crisis it's a crisis has been happening for quite a long time i mean i think the incident in mali now pushes the number of casualties in that mission of over one hundred eighty over the last few years so it's certainly a trend that has been developing over time where as peacekeepers have been asked to do more and asked to use force more robustly at the same time they become greater targets for the other armed actors on the ground and so i'm not sure if i'd characterize it as a crisis but it's certainly a trend that has prompted the secretary general to be very worried and to try and put in place some reforms to change the way peacekeeping is done and i was just to add that the former force commander in mali said that the mission was a counterterrorism mission without a counterterrorism mandate or resources and i think looking at how the mandate in the expectations and the resources do or do not match up this is the conversation that's being taken place right now so easy is that what that what you just said
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that that type of conflict specific to malley or do what you described do you think that that applies to other missions as well where they have a certain task ahead of them but it's not necessarily married to the resources to make it happen. exactly i think that's exactly the right way to put it over time the large missions the was the one in congo the one in central african republic the one in south sudan they all face very very large multidimensional mandates where the expectations of extension of state authority stabilisation protection of civilians are enormous and some of the reforms that are necessary. to end those mandates are something that are thought of in decades rather than short periods of time and so over time the expectations and the breadth of mandates of these missions i think is really gone beyond what the resources that are given to them can really can really meet that doesn't mean missions are unable to do
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a lot of things but i think when you think of the transformation at a national level that's expected in a place like congo or south sudan there is that there is a gap that needs to be considered ok you gave us a lot to circle back and and talk about but first i want to put a similar question to the severing would you characterize the status of current peacekeeping efforts by the u.n. in a state of crisis how would you characterize it. i don't know if i would use the word crisis but there are not certainly a lot of difficulties and i think that it is not necessarily based only on the resources that is converse hassle of course the creature says we're talking about a budget in terms of financial resources that seems huge seven billion when in fact it will point five per cent of all military spending we're talking about the yorkshire military force to be deployed to road after the us military and again
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with that just peacekeepers are expected to resolve a quarter of all of the world's comes so that means and nuclear program in terms of resources but the problem to me the ice if you want to use that is more in the way these resources are used to usually as we've heard the united nations focuses only in the then focus on organizing general elections they focus on results in conflict from the. i talking with governments and working with the governmental be with scrambled leaders and most of them and the don't spend enough attention working with people on the wrong and interacting with local communities and that creates such a connect and inspiring to think oh peacekeepers to do their job and to do all of the tasks that adam was mentioning severin that's a great point that you brought up and i know you've talked a lot about this that you say that there is
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a lot of focus on top down as opposed to bottom up when you say focusing local from the bottom up what do you mean what type of thing show the really important things you think through for instance in money capital rates are important trash trafficking is very important in terms of people conflicts in terms of the reasons why people are fighting on the front and also why strong. there are opposing united nations peacekeepers all when you get to congo that that we just mentioned conjunto very land owner who's going to have to have to send who's going to be the big chief the traditional chief of the district these are the reasons why people are fighting most of the time when they meet with him back to where they're i mean then with i mean close i mean to the left and tell me they're not fighting to know who's going to be the next presidential the next rebel did yours most simple of finding because they want to know who's going to control the plan but so
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thanks for the hell because that's repente supplements that they can come to make feel they can feed their families they can send your children to school there are often fine things or you will have you know whole accent that in addition to the national and international issues that are always a thing and bench united nations peacekeeping mission always focused on adam i feel knotting it seems that you are in agreement with severing on that if you want to add something. yeah absolute agreement not just add also the top down or the focus on state institutions and governments which is the traditional un way of dealing with with conflicts has increasingly put the un in a difficult position with what we kind of mildly call difficult governments so if you look at a place like darfur or currently in south sudan or in congo the engagement in the support to state institutions that are run by by governments that have shown
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themselves willing to displace and kill thousands of people puts the u.n. in an incredibly difficult position and often the use of force alongside the troops of those governments in a place like congo from the local perspective aligns the u.n. with the government in a way that can put peacekeepers at risk so i think what severino is pointing to in a lack of engagement with the local community i think the un does often engage with the local communities in certain ways but i think the converse which is that focus on supporting state institutions is often putting the u.n. in a difficult position when it comes to the perception of impartiality in these countries and that's made more difficult by the robust use of force and in some cases ok and yet you talk about the tension that there may be with the local community obviously that tension is exacerbated when something happens that is what we have found by and investigations in the last few years that some u.n. peacekeepers have been committing crimes against some of the locals those types of
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things that ma'am sure exacerbates how some locals feel about the u.n. severin has there been a robust enough effort to get to the bottom of those things that for there to be some accountability so that the u.n. does have credibility with the local community. unfortunately everybody i talked to at the u.n. turned me that the enforcement to you know a way to think that they're going to now and most urgent. moves that have been are actually contra. so for instance it we're going to have rules that forbid all of the peacekeepers on the run to have an rink ways. with members of the local population or to countries or to divorce or to go to church and this was our man to choose only british and sexual exploitation in the pew and in fact if you are an actual predator you have you know you i mean it's not a role that some of your friends who come from doing what you want to do the people
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who missed thank the law and just not interacting with the local people and then just being forced to defend it when peacekeepers and most opposition transfers and i've been told hundreds and was going on the run that they don't have all of the ending of the local conflicts we're talking to they don't have a good relationship with the communities they don't have the intention that they need to do to prevent attacks like the one that we saw in many yet today so it makes the peacekeepers much well going are blown much more much that and then prevent sexual exploitation in the pews bigger than by the couple's people who really want to harm the little publication but the local women and children and men that it's not a bunch of going to prevent them from doing such out of and and to that point i mean i'm curious what you would like to add to that do you think that the u.n. even began
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a strong grasp what it what it would take for them to stop those types of things from happening it comes back to what severin has been saying and what you're been saying it seems like that this is so much more about about really understanding the local communities were where you are. yeah and i agree with severin again and i think it's an interesting conundrum though because i remember being in eastern congo and talking to some of the troops and talking about their engagement in the communities and when you have instances of sexual exploitation abuse the tendency of the mission is to say ok reduce the contact with communities to to keep that distance but exactly talking to people in the communities and engaging with the people in the communities is what needs to be done to understand the local dynamic and so it creates this tension within the mission where you want to be engaged and part of the community but also have enough distance to avoid those kind of situations so i do think it's a dilemma where there isn't an easy. answer and i think that there is the zero tolerance policy and some of that is being implemented but again. really
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understanding the limits of peacekeeping in some of these situations is part of the story and really having implementing that zero tolerance policy and being willing to send troops home if they violate it is part of the story as well so we talked a lot about how it would be very important to have a focus on you know from the bottom up but clearly. the top to the bottom is also important how do those two things work in n. tand adam out put that to you first and then we'll go to separate. well i just came back from south sudan and i think there's an interesting dynamic there where i think the mission is doing work at the local level to do conflict resolution around issues of cattle land riverine rights and seeing that as related to the national peace process in south sudan seeing that for example roughly eighty percent of the cattle actually have partial ownership by the powerbrokers in juba and
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understanding that resolution of local conflicts can filter back up and help stabilize situations to support the peace process but also that when the leaders of a country like salva kiir and react machar make a statement that they're willing to explore peace there is the possibility for greater reconciliation at the local level and i think that the civil affairs for example in an miss is doing an excellent job in seeing those links and beginning to tease them out it doesn't mean it solves the problem but that that analysis of understanding that there is no distinction between local and national in the minds of the people that are involved in this is i think a first step and and defining that analysis is something i do see happening in some of the missions today severing the seas some of the same. yet except the friends they have who hunt trying to brutal conflict resolution into practice from within united nations peacekeeping mission they always tell me that it is the result of resistance from their colleagues from the united nations leadership in new york
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would tell them oh i am with you your priority should be interacting with the need to be interacting with government and to do that again to me and who are a friend a huge problem because if you want result in the armed or not in congo like he finally met you and you want to rid of all of the local comp and adamant i have been working out you need to do that and rest would rebel and most important. i and yours right united nations if it were diplomats who will come. all i can imagine you and i are i'm number one hundred going to assume the news or comalies elites and say oh oh we know what's going on and we're going to solution your problem that it will be an incomplete. but important thing but your way united nations is. usually under great marks is going to rely on the writers from foreign countries in the belittling and it trying to create and do we how do the
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patience to your problems and let me tell you when you are going to resolve your problem that we've always read a lot of french french about local people and also it and not the way to resolve the conflict with all those everybody you think will county that more local hires getting more local hires what would make a difference not made to ferret out yes yes local hires would be good but what's really important is not a number not people it's the responsibility era because you do have a lot of local people who work with in united nations it being missions that they were caused by others are security guards i was expecting to be people who are implementing projects don't want to find by foreigners and what i think we need is to pretty cool people in decision making positions to give them the responsibility of finding the grahams they don't belong on your show and just ending up little
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pieces adam it as you said as the secretary general is keenly aware and concerned about what's going on there is this you know general talk of reforms but what type of reforms and we've talked a whole or a lot about the types of the things that you all are talking about take time what what what can you see happening and mediately to make a difference if anything. frankly very little immediately will make a huge difference one one reform that i think is sometimes unseen but they could make a big difference is on the management side which is there's an idea to give greater delegated authority to missions to make decisions about how they use their. any and what i found is exactly the dynamic that severing her for two is is the closer you get to the field the better understanding you have about what the dynamics are and the better able you are to respond to it delegating authority into the field and giving them greater autonomy to be more flexible and dynamic with their use of funds could help there that could be a fairly quick. answer i think there are certain capacities that the secretary
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general has prioritized. if you see if you think of peacekeeping as roughly shrinking over time now having a smaller static footprint greater mobility assets helicopters the ability to get out to some of these areas faster could have a quick response and impact in a place like mali as well where i think they're considering that so there are there are some kind of operational things that could shift i think really what would make a difference is a different form of engagement with countries ahead of sending a mission in and really testing the political will before you decide to send a big mission in and understanding that in some countries you may not have much political traction from the beginning and be willing to look that in the face and say maybe sending peacekeepers in at this point isn't the best option so thinking about mandating and understanding the context you're going into testing political will with governments early i think is one of the key things that could be done quite right away actually i didn't mention interesting points that severing how
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about that how about the idea of a little more analysis being a little more sober minded about about what it is you're going to do before you even go to these places. then it would be wrong to fill in and the other reform that i then was mentioning giving more autonomy to peacekeeping missions to peacekeepers on the ground that would also be and tactic but i would like to add one more thing i think the un can also make a region want to please trick or treat in human resources in that the wounded left in poland that they send to the c.e.o. and all of the criteria they use to recruit people to the way things work right now and that's one reason welcome. to the n.p.c. so the people who are already there the greetings of the nation who implemented a lot of the programs that we were talking about in terms of its authority in terms of elections and then during term x. in the population all of the people are recruited based on what they call what
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angle the schematics on whether the no bad center of human life survives an election potentially and not about whether they know something about the club three of the silage where i'm going to be working so you mentioned you have a ph d. in of gender studies well and you were sent to a home to work on gender in maggie or in congo you see the thing about money or bob it's really difficult for you to do anything and yet you can go on the job going take a lot of time and you know enough above the local conditions to be effective i to be able to pay for what you do to the local context and so the first end of implementing hands and arms and the kind of cut and paste responses that if you do list it and then they they use again in congo and then it's like them yeah and then you then well you're going to really need to recruit people could know about the
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local conditions for so she's talking yes apologies political scientists oh yeah it's the all of them after all this and these are the best to be on tree arse comments. yeah but. i'm so sorry severin i could let you talk all day because you have. such a great perspective but that will have to be the last word both of you is a wonderful important conversation thank you so much adam day and severino to sarah appreciate it and thank you for watching you can see the program again at any time if you go our web site al jazeera dot com for the discussion on our facebook page that's facebook dot com board slash a.j. and side story you can also join the conversation on twitter or handle as at ha inside story for me richelle carey the entire team i put out.
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whether online i want to start here on my laptop with a tweet or if you join us on sat there was a rush of adrenaline this is the moment to be i've been waiting for this is a dialogue the government has cooled out an eagle protest and instructed police to disperse the crowds everyone has a voice. reasons will see different types of bricks or join the conversation on how to zero. an army of volunteers has come together to help with the influx of tens of thousands of evacuees. but their retreat to
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a church shelter has brought new challenges an outbreak of norovirus and other gastrointestinal problems. smoke from the massive wildfires now blankets much of northern california leading to some of the worst air quality in the world but with more than twelve thousand structures lost in the wildfires concerns remain about long term accommodations jobs and medical care. local officials say there isn't enough housing stock available. this is al-jazeera. everyone on come on santa maria and this is the news hour from al jazeera and i saw a suicide car bomb in northern syria has targeted u.s.
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and kurdish forces it's also taliban fighters killed at least forty three members of the afghan security forces in a suicide bomb and. i cannot support the any other way in which to take no deal off the table which is to revoke article fifteen and to resume a presents her plan beyond brags that to parliament there's still no sign of a breakthrough in getting backing for a deal to quit the e.u. and in sport three time champion saudi arabia had been knocked out of the asian cup to japan. to reach the point of finals at the turn. so that in syria there has been an overnight attack on damascus by israeli forces who say they were targeting iranian weapons depots in the capital and then later on monday in the north of syria the kurdish wife p.g. said a suicide car bomb exploded near the entrance to the city of the just as a u.s.
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patrol passed by there are so many potential ramifications for all sides we will discuss those after this report from xenophobia. israel has repeatedly struck targets inside syria for years but rarely admits doing so now it is confirming the attacks and providing information saying it's targeting the elite couldst force unit of the iranian revolutionary guards israel has lifted the veil and its message is that it has no intention of stopping the strikes. we have a permanent palsy to strike of uranium entrenchment in syria and her whoever tries to hurt us israel operates in syria with russia's approval moscow turns a blind eye when the strikes don't weaken the syrian government and when the israeli military gives the russian military prior notice the russian defense ministry doesn't usually comment on the operations but this time they didn't just provide details about syrian army casualties but that syrian air defenses destroyed
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israeli missiles russia will send. some messages to israel. course it will. continue providing. more than. a more. rockets. there are reports that russia wants israel to stop targeting in and around the damascus airport it's a difficult balancing act for moscow it has a good relationship with israel but it wants commercial planes to start landing to end syria's isolation but the airport is also important to iran israeli officials have said civilian cargo planes are used to transfer weapons from to iran to iranian backed groups in syria including lebanon's hezbollah they also say iran's privately owned mahaan air is one of the carriers suspected of carrying war material to syria the airline has been under u.s.
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sanctions and now the german government has decided to prevent it from landing at german airports many of the strikes targeting damascus airport coincided with reports of iranian planes landing on sunday air flight was about to make its approach before turning back according to israeli media the latest wave of attacks is the second in less than ten days and the third since the u.s. announced last month plans to withdraw american troops israel was concerned the u.s. pullout would strengthen iran which has vowed to stay in syria as long as required but israel too made a promise and that is to keep up the airstrikes until iran leaves. beirut we will go around our correspondents for reaction now starting with ari force that he is in israel. it was just eight days since the last time the israeli prime minister was speaking very openly about an israeli air strike inside syria that came last sunday two days after that airstrike a much more limited one it was also the same weekend that the outgoing military
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chief gary isengard was detailing in a much more comprehensive way exactly what israel had been doing over the last few years targeting iranian interests inside syria really putting an end it seemed or at least moving away from the policy of ambiguity which israel has been surrounding its activities for those years up until this point the reason for that change well there are two explanations being posited here mainly one of them being domestic politics elections coming up on april the ninth benjamin netanyahu under serious pressure over three separate corruption investigations a potential decision by the attorney general re indictment coming within weeks it's expected and so it suits his political profile certainly to appear strong and in charge of israel's security at this time also the it may well be that the military wants to message iran and indeed syria that it is willing to do more and escalate its activities over syria further and messaging this before it does so certainly
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there has been analysis that changing this policy does run the risk of iran and syria potentially using that as a reason to be more open in their possible escalatory actions and that is certainly one risk that the israeli government the israeli military appears to deem we're taking at the moment. and next to go near the turkey syria border here is a sign a binge of aid with more for us this summer on this attack on the coalition and u.s. forces there underlining how important that relationship is between the two men i saw managing to hit both. absolutely come of the what you've been hearing so far is iran and syria and israel you've been hearing about turkey and syria and in the north of syria is isis the same group that the us president said a couple of weeks ago that has been defeated and he's going to be pulling out his
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troops well guess what in the last five days there have been two attacks on u.s. troops and their allies in northern syria where apparently i see was defeated these troops that came in and under attack in hasek a province in northern syria is close to the turkish border an area where after the proposed u.s. pullout turkish forces would like to be in charge of this is an area which is complicated because it's not just isolate is entrenched there but is also home to kurdish fighters kurdish fighters who are allies with the united states but seen as terrorists by turkey there have been a flurry of diplomatic activity there have been phone calls between foreign ministers of the united states and turkey that have been a phone call that was stablish last night between the two presidents where president out of the on again repeated to president trump saying that the attack in man b.j. and then this is this is up and happened a few hours later was an attempt to derail and block the draw off u.s.
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troops from this area assuring him that his troops are ready to take charge once u.s. forces leave and saying that he will be keeping a close eye on what happens to all of the promises which have been made including that of a safe zone a zone where turkish forces say that they will be in charge of them they will keep it clear of not just eisel but kurdish fighters as well as some of. the untapped thank you next story move to washington d.c. his can believe now to build on what we were talking about there kimberly not that we could ever predict what donald trump would do or think next this should be giving pause for thought at the moment about this very hasty withdrawal from syria . and he's been cautioned even from prominent republicans within his own political party like lindsey graham that this withdrawal needs to be slow it needs to be smart and it needs to avoid a broader war but it appears the president is still determined to press on we know
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that this drawdown has already begun we do know as well that there have been phone calls between the u.s. president the turkish president ever to wind where the two decided to continue to pursue a negotiated settlement of course there are some concerns on the u.s. side with regard to those kurdish fighters that assisted the united states with its war against eisel of course turkey does not see them as being or can being completely comfortable with those kurdish fighters affiliated to a terrorist group is the view from turkey so what we're seeing is president trump's advisors like the secretary of state mike pump a of the national security advisor john bolton working with their counterparts to seek assurances but for the safety of the kurdish fighters but also to draw out the timeline as this seems to be what is happening while donald trump is maintaining his posture his advisors are stretching it out there is a reason though that donald trump may be having this very public face in terms of
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staying the course and that is the presidential election in two thousand and twenty where we see the democrats coming out criticizing the president and his rash decision he is playing to his domestic base of supporters that he campaigned that he would pull the united states out of what he calls and list wars and he seems determined to continue to do so thank you kimberly in washington d.c. our final stop is moscow. with the latest from there. well get pederson the norwegian who has taken over the role of u.n. special envoy for syria from. mistura arrived in moscow on monday for his first trip here basically this was a meet and greet a chance for him and sergey lavrov the russian foreign minister to sit down and get to know each other now lavrov in the comments that were made before the meeting was essentially trying to impress on pederson that russia has made key achievements in
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the conflicts the achievements of be made as put it in the areas that russia and the syrian government have taken back from the terrorists achievements said have been made in laying the groundwork for the return of refugees now we're also impressing things on rob saying that he essentially has hit the ground running he's only been doing this job two weeks but it's already said that he's been to damascus to meet with the syrian government has been to riyadh in saudi arabia meets with opposition syrian opposition leaders now he's in moscow because essentially he says that russia's role in the syrian theater of war and the resolution of the conflict is a serious and big one what i've noticed from the comments though was that they didn't really talk too much about the constitutional problems and the leadership
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question facing syria that of course is key to resolving the conflict in the long run this i think is an opening salvo a chance for these men to get to know each other and present hopes that he is able to reboot this process and make progress perhaps in a way that is pretty. sure i wasn't able to do. very pleased to have samuel romani with us in studio now an academic at oxford university visiting doha at the moment specializing in russian middle east relations nice to have you with us in the great to be on the show ok so let's start with russia then we just heard from our correspondent who's explaining russia's position isn't this all just great news for vladimir putin and russia that america is basically making way for them they're the ones shooting down israeli missiles they're the ones having talks with the new u.n. envoy and it's russia's in an incredibly strong position i think that russia has benefited a lot from trumps announcement of the u.s. withdrawal but there's also a lot of vagaries in answer.

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