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tv   NEWSHOUR  Al Jazeera  January 23, 2019 4:00pm-5:00pm +03

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his country's affairs again a revision of ties with washington. the u.s. senate will try once again to end the longest partial government shutdown in american history plus. a warning on climate change to the meeting without leaders from some of the world's worst polluters. sudan's president has arrived in qatar in the middle of the longest anti-government protests of his time in office omar al bashir was in doha for two days of talks he's using meet the qatari i'm a shock to me banana death any in the coming hours back in dando bashir was facing daily demonstrations calling for an end to his thirty year long rule rights groups accuse the government of cracking down on demonstrators they say at least forty people been killed since the protests began well sudan's labor minister says the
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government is working to start a dialogue with the demonstrators. we are required to exert more if it's in the coming days and this should include a teams to find common grounds with the youths protesting it is known that they took to the streets as a spontaneous response to the government's failure as they have no clear cut political affiliations it is the for at g.t. it's a state authority to find channels of communication with them to find common solutions even morgan has more from the capital khartoum. people incident have been demonstrating for five weeks now and they say they want the president to step down and hand over parts an interim independent council now it all started with the economy but people are saying now that the reason why the economy is in a downward spiral is because of president bashir and his thirty year rule they say that the government has ruled with widespread corruption and that there was no improvement during his time in office and that the only thing that could improve the situation now despite his promises to try to introduce economic reforms and
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raise salaries for civil workers is not the incentives that he's offering or the promises that he's making but to rather see him step down now people are saying that his promises are something they've heard over and over again and they don't believe that he can really produce concrete change and let's remember he doesn't have the same economic incentives or the economic power that he had back in two thousand and eleven when south sudan seceded in two thousand and eleven it took with it seventy five percent of the country's oil oil reserves which was the main source of g.d.p. for sudan so for him to try to introduce economic reforms is not going to produce as much results as he would like to see because there is simply no way for sudan to try to bring in more hard currency to try to sustain its economy people are also criticizing the government for the use of what they have termed as excessive brutal force the protesters who have been out in the streets demonstrating so they came out in peace their own armed and they're trying to voice their demands or their frustration against the government but instead have been met with tear gas and live human emotion now people are saying despite the security threats and they're
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putting their lives at risk there will continue to demonstrate until the president steps down something he said he's not going to do until elections come next year. joins us live now from the office of the emir here in doha jamal so let's talk us through what kind of support omar al bashir is looking for from. well i mean ahmed bashir obviously wants to demonstrate that he is still the president of the country that he is still very much in control and that things aren't as bad as maybe his critics would like to show in the sense that he's able to go on these foreign trips and meets with foreign leaders as far as qatar is concerned it does have a very strong relationship with sudan one that spans for decades and it for example hosted the door for peace talks it's pumped in more than a billion dollars actually worth of investments in the parts of the country as well as other supports over the years if you remember there have been flash protests
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over the past say seven eight years they haven't lasted as long as this latest wave of protests have but there have been mainly there were about hike in price is a lack of financial prichard ities and obviously the general resentments felt by a large proportion of the population against the government for its failure to provide essentially for them in those times that has also been able to provide some sort of financial assistance to the sudanese government at this time however it is a much different situation the test being faced by a lot of brush it is a lot greater having said that on a political front because it's not just a canonical that it does find itself in a position where it has often tried to find a balance between the regimes of the region as well as the popular demands that have been expressed by massive protests of those said countries and therefore possibly through that there may be some sort of quite words of encouragement for certain reforms opening up other opposition parties jamal thank you.
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i mean all the why it's all done up to this arrest of incidents pleading for the government to release the husband sudanese american good one darwood was detained by security agents a week ago in the capital khartoum his wife told al jazeera he was a parent to take part in demonstrations the next day or nancy di would says a husband is a peaceful activist and she's urging the u.s. to help for him i do hope that they will put pressure on the sudanese government to be able to assist in his release definitely counting on them with any leverage we have with the sudanese government to make sure that that happens as quickly as possible along with the release of all of the other political detainees he's always been a peaceful protest or he is. has been concerned for many years about the state of sudan and he has been trying to bring change in the voice of all the
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sudanese are really crying for freedom for peace and for justice. no ruler should be in control for thirty years so i'm really calling now for omar al bashir to step down. in the dictator that has been exploiting and oppressing the people for for many years nigeria zante trafficking agency says it's found thousands of missing girls and women in southern mali many have been sold as sex slaves and gold mining camps the agency says there are between twenty to forty five thousand kidnapped women in mali that originally raised the problem ten years ago it says plans are now underway to return the woman to nigeria. this girls where exploited by virtue of devil and we believe from the blue all communities in various parts of nigeria six different states to be precise and tricked into going
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into mali giving the impression that doing to be getting jobs in the hotels and the usual story some of them are actually. focused on their way to school back from school to a snatched by the kidnappers or the traffic as venezuela's president nicolas maduro has all of a revision of diplomatic relations with the united states that's in response to u.s. vice president mike pence declaring support for anti government demonstrators and opposition leaders as more. energized protest isn't caracas rally the a movement hoping to push the president from power. out with the usurper as unrest happened last year armed forces the country soldiers many of them began to demonstrate their own happiness and today there are over four hundred officers in jail who have been tortured simply for raising their voices against the regime has broken the constitutional order. venezuela's opposition has momentum over the
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weekend twenty seven soldiers rebelled against the government they were later to tank by security forces and on monday they moved through caracas the streets with pots and pans a statement that reverberated all the way to the white house by mike pence the vice president of the united states and on behalf of president donald trump and all the american people let me express the unwavering support of the united states is you the people of venezuela raise your voices in a call for freedom nicolas maduro is a dictator with no legitimate claim to power. he's never won the presidency in a free and fair election and he's maintained his grip of power by imprisoning anyone who dares to oppose him while protesters and the opposition have a powerful enough vocal ally the juror countered with a t.v. a trace of his own he warned vandals who attempt
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a cultural scene to named off the role that sarah the late socialist politician a little member of that we're going to capture them all they all went to prison and that's some penalty for the fascists hard hand to hand of silda the jurors vice president then took direct aim at the us. simply because mr pence doesn't have a job now he wants to come and run venezuela handing out instructions on what should happen in venezuela openly calling for a coup d'etat in venezuela i will say it like the venezuelan people would say to you yankee go home. on wednesday the race or it will be challenged on the streets it's the end of a serie of the full of venezuela's military government in one nine hundred fifty eight the opposition mocks it with nationwide matches but they say this year it's matured who needs to go. ballasts al-jazeera. the u.s. senate will vote on thursday on competing bills to end the month long partial
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government shutdown is the longest in u.s. history with hundreds of thousands of federal workers going without a paycheck michaela has more from washington d.c. clerk will read a communication to the senate in this largely partisan battle the faint flicker of a compromise senate leaders agreed to put two competing bills to the vote on thursday on saturday president trop rolled out a bold comprehensive offer one drawn up by republicans mirrors the suggestion made by president trump this weekend the plan includes five point seven billion dollars providing funding for the beria along with temporary protection for those in the deferred action for childhood arrivals program. and a three extension of temporary protected status a proposal. president trump that will consider here in the senate is the only proposal the only one currently before us that can be signed by the president and
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immediately reopen the government. but the proposal has been rejected by the democratic party leadership the president and his team have tried to spin this proposal as a reasonable compromise with concessions to democrats that defies credulity the second bill is similar to those passed by the democrat controlled house. which provides short term funding for the department's now shut down but excludes any provision for the wall this would require the backing up at least thirteen republican senators to meet the sixty vote threshold ny the bill is likely to pass the senate despite another plea by the leader of the house open government open the government let's talk cannot have the president and the time he has an objection to say i'll shut down the government until you come to my way of thinking and as the shutdown drags on a public plea by the f.b.i. agents association the f.b.i.
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needs to be fully funded so that we can do our jobs stop the terrorist attacks prevent criminal activity arrest bad guys that's what we do. we need to do that to keep this country safe we want their paychecks are due at the end of the week but yet again all indications are that more than eight hundred thousand government employees once again not receive them. mike hanna al-jazeera washington . times will break here al-jazeera when we come back mexico's president is looking for ways to stop theft stuff from a pipeline explosion kills nearly one hundred. why not gerri has one of the highest rates of poverty in africa despite being the continent's biggest oil producer stay with us.
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how they are after what was a fairly dry start to the wet season the rain has returned with a vengeance to indonesia's folks in a moment in java you can actually see the island because the amount of cloud and heavy showers recently of the philippines have dispersed just from those of cloud his so isolated showers in the philippines concentrated further south and particularly on think indonesia jakarta certainly is going to be in the mix for anywhere in java or bali or further east a little less likely a singapore but even here the cloud is to could have to give you an occasional shower now at the same time it is getting worse in indonesia so far me the monsoon is trying to get into northern australia to spins of cloud one here off western australia the one just coming into the east now that's where the wet weather is the story for the science is rather different as i'm sure you're aware its temperature lots of records being broken particularly in the middle here western queens and northern new south wales parts of south australia at least forty five is touching
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record territory this is really unpleasant at the same time it's cold i'm significantly in person fact off shore from pearse's a potential development of a significant area of low pressure also one other one spins off western australia and we've got forty three in melbourne come friday as it cools down a little you know the night. in the next episode of science in a golden age on me exploring the contributions made by scholars during the medieval islam a period in the field of chemistry they transformed the superstition of alchemy into the science of chemistry. many of his come to see just all those which may still be used to do it. all while. science in a golden age with professor jim miller really on al-jazeera.
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welcome back a quick recap of the top stories here al-jazeera sudan's president has arrived in the qatar middle of the longest anti-government protests of his time in office omar al bashir was due to meet castles in the air ship to me but not without panic. thousands are expected to protest in venezuela for a second day against president nicolas maduro u.s. vice president mike pence says his government supports the demonstrators in response to your order to revision of diplomatic relations with the us. the us senate leaders will vote on thursday on bills to end the month long partial government shutdown is the longest in the country's history with hundreds of thousands of workers going without
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a paycheck. talks of drivers are back on the streets of madrid protesting against services like they say rival drivers from rivalling ups compete unfairly since they do not face the same regulations and costs but just as a block to main roads in the capital and in barcelona with cars. teachers in los angeles returned to work on wednesday after walking off the job for more than a week or than thirty thousand striking teachers reached a deal with the second largest school district in the u.s. on tuesday the agreement was the staff receive an immediate six percent pay rise and significant class size reduction. brazil's new president has caused alarm among environmentalists at this year's world economic forum in davos jebel tomorrow told campaigners that protecting his country's unique ecosystem has to be consistent with economic growth reports a chill has settled over damn us and that's not just the weather leaders of some of
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the world's biggest economies china the united states france and the u.k. have stayed away to find crises at home crises fueled by nationalism populism and those left behind by globalization it is everything the world economic forum is supposed to stand against and yet this year's big ticket visitor is brazil's new president far right nationalist jr valsin are oh here to launch what he calls a new brazil then there was a big. we intend to reduce the size of the residence state apparatus and carry out to reform such as the social security reform also the tax reform we wish to relieve those who produce and undertake business and projects from the weight of a heavy state that's good news for business less so for those who depend on state aid it's an odd look for an annual gathering traditionally built on bridging divides it does say that there's a bit of a shift in that those major leading democracies in the world are exhausted tied in
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knots have problems but it also says this community here of global this is perfectly willing to flirt with the liberal leaders in the world. compensation came in the heavyweight fight against climate change identified as a major world threat having heard both scenarios call for economic development in the amazon delegates listened to royalty interviewing a british knight of the realm what advice do you have all my generation and what's what can we build on that you have started we have to recognize that every breath of air we take every mouthful of food that we take comes from the natural and that if we damage the natural world we damage ourselves it's what the forum aims to do best global box office in the name of a better world the theme of this year's world economic forum here in davos is the fourth wave of globalization the digital revolution it predicts
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a world in which technology competes with workers of all stripes blue collar and white in which the winners of globalization get ever richer but fewer in number it is a world in which inequality deepens and political leaders no longer have all the answers jonah how al-jazeera devil switzerland well acid rain man is the former head of the international climate with friends of the earth he says global warming is a big threat to the world's economy. the world economic forum's or new report just before the divorce begun said exactly that that this climate change was with the number one threat to the global economy but prior to that we've got to remember that clients climate scientists have been ringing the alarm bells at just one degree warming the world are seeing killer droughts floods famines it's devastated the lives and livelihoods of millions of people around the world and so climate
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change is not something that's going to happen in the future is actually happening now and the start warning that they're given is that the decisions we make in this next decade will determine if we breach the critical guardrail of one point to five degree moment which would trigger the changes in humanity itself that will lead to species extinction forced millions of people from their homes lead to collapse of our food systems and yet we're on track for a warming of the planet of a least three to seven degrees warming it's madness. zimbabwe's president as valen to investigate accusations of assault on torture by his security forces in one god words calling for a national inquiry after violence during protests against a pay increase in fuel prices but rights groups say nothing will change our image as a reporter from harare. ed maturity says he doesn't want his family to visit him in hospital he's afraid it could be victimized for associated with someone police suspect participated in anti-government protests
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a short trip to damascus. is. the business. was in see it in civilian clothes. deferred ridge. last week suburbans demonstrated against a fuel price hike which had more than doubled overnight the government responded with force more than six hundred people were arrested in the east zimbabwe's human rights commission says more people died in last week's protest injuring orcus post-election violence the use of excessive force specially the use of life i mean it's not called for when dealing with civilians they should be other methods of controlling crowds and we believe that recorded very well trained police force in the country julius short of his son's death was senseless he was shot outside a police station calvin was twenty two years old and loved playing football in
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zimbabwe humanity is a. fairly. normal life he's being safe. it is being wasted. he's listening. to the government the same government that it's a new dispensation dispensation we're going to do lip licking whatever people are amused was. running the dustbin. they are now using bush tactics president took power for robert mugabe just over a year ago he promised to promote democracy and freedom of speech some zimbabweans are disillusioned. he didn't do that. was just saying we. need. to see not kill them. so we are. revolted the president has cut short
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a foreign trip and promised to investigate the crackdown by security forces zimbabweans are watching him after last week's violence some say they think speaking out against a government that could come after them had mythos al-jazeera had. bush fires are raging across the australian state of tasmania where a heat wave has brought record temperatures firefighters have called them air support to help control at least twenty seven fires burning across a seven hundred twenty kilometer long stretch of land one property has been destroyed so far some people have been told to prepare for evacuation with strong winds and high temperatures expected in the coming days. ten thousand migrant children who are separated from their parents are part of a class action lawsuit against the trumpet administration the southern poverty law center says the children were held in detention centers away from their parents lawyers say the separation of families was a deliberate tactic to deter people who were undocumented from entering the country
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talks between russia and japan to resolve the territorial dispute that dates back to the second world war ended with no progress. in their putin met in moscow on tuesday to finalize a peace treaty the dispute revolves around the sovereignty over four of the caribbean islands north of japan which the soviet union occupied at the end of the war japan doesn't recognize moscow's rights to the islands hootin says work still needs to be done before they can reach an acceptable agreement. the death toll from a fuel pipeline explosion in mexico has climbed to ninety six with dozens injured the president has begun a tour of several towns where field has become commonplace and he's promised to bring an end to the problem. reports from mexico. it's the deadliest blast mexico has seen in decades the images of people running away engulfed in flames are haunting. the incident which left more than ninety people
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dead and dozens injured has elevated an already contentious debate over fuel shortages and combat in gasoline theft gave in the wake of the blast mexican president and it is manuel lopez obrador launched a tour of several mexican towns were fuel theft has become a chronic problem eco well pueblo since the people have been abandoned hundreds poverty in need and people don't have options or alternatives the practice of fuel theft began as a way for people to make an income well we don't want this to continue because just like what happened in it dal go this is a great risk to the people. despite massive support for the president many still feel it'll take more than a policy change to rein in the widespread looting a few. really everything that happened with the fuel theft was very sad how could so many people die over some gasoline i think if gas prices were low or people wouldn't steal or gas prices are just too high. in the town of
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a combine the black market for stolen fuel has grown over the last two years. danda says the last time a local pipeline was tapped hundreds of people jumped at the chance to make some extra money well as. the fuel began to spread into the canal this whole canal was full of gasoline people began to call the locals to come because there's free gas there was some broadcasting it on facebook lives. ask the more people to come because of the fuel leak. this footage shows how many people answered the calls on social media to collect free fuel from a local line that had just been tapped we're at a section of pipeline that has become popular among we're told that it was tapped again just over a week ago and even now we can still smell the strong gasoline fumes in the air police and military personnel are keeping a constant presence. since december of last year some thirty two thousand military
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personnel have been charged with guarding vulnerable sections of pipeline the mexican government estimates that as much as seven point four billion dollars in revenue have been lost over the last three years to theft for public safety and the sake of fuel prices it's clear the problem is in desperate need of a solution. i can buy mexico not conflict between farmers and herders is worsening nigeria's rising levels of poverty unless say the violence is forcing millions of people mostly poor farmers from their land and address support some sokoto in northwest nigeria. for seven months mohamed badie who says he walked these narrow dusty streets begging for. a year and hundreds of others escaped attackers who laid siege to dozens of villages in nigeria's northwest effectively stopping farming and economic activities.
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comfortable living off. of attacks and took away everything as you can see the conditions here are not so much different you know. nigeria's north is one of the country's poorest regions despite producing its shellfish livestock and grains years a poor agricultural practices climate change. and estimated forty eight percent of nigeria's one hundred eighty million people live in extreme poverty the highest rates are in areas with low levels of skills and education many here feel that like investment in the last thirty years means that millions of people will continue to suffer. nigeria has one of the fastest growing populations in the world and also the largest concentration of the extreme. and development partners say successive governments continue to adopt the wrong approach in tackling poverty so it is destructive actions that we have seen.
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i think. an acceptable to believe in the power of market to transform the lives of the people but this is not corresponding with. a country or in any part of the ward despite nigeria's vast oil wealth half its population lives on less than two dollars a day and with conflict forcing more and more poor people from their homes and lands many doubt if the government will be in a position to improve the lives of millions across the country. northwest nigeria. time for a quick check of the headlines here on al-jazeera sudan's president has arrived in a cattle in the middle of the longest anti-government protests of his time in office omar al bashir was in doha the two days of talks he's due to meet the qatari
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emir shut to mean been hammered out any in the coming hours but in sudan bash is facing damie demonstrations calling for an end to his thirty year long rule rights groups that he was the government of cracking down on demonstrators say at least forty people have been killed since the protests began even morgan has more now from the capital khartoum. people say they will continue to protest and till president obama here actually steps down like they want him to now this has been going on for more than four weeks the biggest challenge to his presidency since he came to power nearly thirty years ago people seem very determined and they have been criticism against the sudanese government for using out what some governments called excessive brutal force that people say they are protesting peacefully that they are an armed and that all they want is to try to voice their frustration with the with the weight the president bashir has been governing the country but instead they've been met with tear gas and live ammunition when all the wife of an artificer rested in pleading for the government to release has been nice american
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road one diode was detained by security agents a week ago in khartoum his wife told al jazeera he was preparing to take part in demonstrations the next day thousands in venezuela are protesting for a second day against president nicolas maduro u.s. vice president mike pence says his government supports the demonstrators in response madeira or the revision of diplomatic relations with the us. tons of drivers are back on the streets of madrid protesting against services like they say rival drivers from ride helling ups compete unfairly since they don't have the same regulations and costs just as a block to main roads in the capital and in barcelona with their parts cars. a car bombs exploded in front of the. base but by turkey in the northern syrian city of a free rebel group allied with the free syrian army at least three members of been killed those are the headlines the news continues here on al-jazeera after.
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watching. in afghanistan billions of dollars of international aid have been donated to girls' education but where is the money gone when he meets girls desperate to learn and asks why is the system failing them. between the eighth and fourteenth centuries there was a golden age of science when scholars from the comic world introduced the rigorous experimental approach that laid the foundations of the modern scientific method they transformed the superstition of alchemy into the science of chemistry the chemical industry has of course reshaped the modern world giving us new fuel drugs a new materials but the methodology and principles of chemistry go back over a thousand years. and jamal clearly and i've been researching the contributions of the scientists of the golden age i'll be tracing back the roots of modern chemistry
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to the scholars of the earliest slammy quo. this is doha the capital of qatar two decades ago none of this existed all this development has only been possible because of a huge in the. the revenue from oil and gas in other words the chemical industry. and. the oil is was also before much that we take for granted today life
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from fuel to plastics to medicines even the tama road i'm driving on the chemical plants over there is processing the gas in crude oil that exists in such abundance in the middle east. oil in its roar state is a mixture of many different chemicals and these are separated out through a process called fractional distillation. the crude oil is heated until it becomes a vapor the vapor rises up the distillation tower and separates into its different components as it cools. the fractionating towers in a modern oil refinery is a high tech version of a piece of apparatus called an eleven pick used by the golden age side sees as a distillation tool over a thousand years ago. one pioneer of distillation was the ninth century physician and chemist or ozzie amongst his many writings are the earliest
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known accounts of using distillation to produce substances like kerosene sulfuric acid and pure alcohol this wasn't for drinking but the use as a medical disinfect.

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