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tv   NEWSHOUR  Al Jazeera  January 27, 2019 1:00pm-2:01pm +03

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and human rights in me and mar yankee lease says can't return home for the foreseeable future and bangladesh must begin planning for hosting them long term around three quarters of a million refugees have streamed over the border since the me and our military crackdown began in august twenty seventh teen u.n. investigators call it a genocide against this predominantly muslim minority the refugee relief and repatriation commissioner says more people are arriving at a rate of about forty thousand a year. the camps in cox's bizarre have become the largest refugee settlement in the world there can just if they sit on an elephant migration route and the jungle is heavily forested the bangladeshi government says they can improve the situation by transferring about one hundred thousand road he does to a remote uninhabited island. this is boston shark or floating island
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the bangladeshi government says refugees would be able to fish and farm and have access to education and health care but lisa says she's concerned about the isolation of the flood prone island and the safety of refugees she says not one should be forced to move there and it does not have the planet we may die there we came here to save our lives who will not go there to die. refugees say they're still struggling to survive many people are dying him to park loss' and of infectious diseases a spreading we're given russians but they're not adequate enough we stay mostly hungry with dim prospects of going home in the near future refugees hope the bangladeshi government will improve camp conditions and their lives will become more tolerable natasha going to name al-jazeera dhaka. still ahead here
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on al-jazeera the taliban and the united states move closer towards an afghan peace agreement but major differences still remain. such even his brother why concern is growing among the families of protesters tain in sudan. by the springtime flowers of a mountain lake. to the first snowfall on a winter's day. hello we've had a couple of fine days and not just in iraq but throughout live and so it's time to bring another storm system in there is it's one that's been really quite active in the eastern med particularly across turkey it'll swing in and it's just this line here but ahead of it is inducing yet more rain this green that runs out of egypt to northern saudi and jordan that is just developing in situ more or less produce some fairly heavy downpours and last a day or two does not the temperature back very much so eighteen degrees in baghdad
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but the dark darkness in the green suggests some pretty heavy rain in eastern iraq running up to the north coast it will be snow to get to the high ground in turkey in northern syria and tolerate aung well briefed by the sunshine showers all persistent rain comes back to lebanon this is during monday because the tail agree which is rain goes into saudi arabia and it often goes further south not this is one of those times so at first on sunday ahead of it nice to have was drawn up from the sasa twenty eight and there are really had the still hazy atmosphere and then this swings in from monday so this suddenly still with us but the showers are quite sparky i think in medina and this line is heading down towards the gulf states probably for tuesday. the weather sponsored by cats on a race. and the next episode of techno the team travels to the heart of the amazon . where we are now should be grateful to investigate illegal gold mining
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mercury has a very unique characteristic of binding the goal for a minor it's almost like magic and the technology being used to expose its devastating impact and so what we end up doing is imaging a forest in a very high fidelity stream. techno on all just zero. and again you're watching out there a reminder about top stories that have been to expectations targeting a catholic church in the southern philippines at least fifteen people have been killed and twenty others injured in the playoffs jonah. thirty four people have
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been confirmed dead in brazil after the collapse of a holding place from an old mine rescue workers a searching for hundreds of people still missing. venezuela has rejected an ultimatum from european nations and they could call elections within a baseball they will recognized. as president the u.s. has been the world leaders at a special session of the u.n. security council to isolate. well the u.s. has a history of intervention in latin america it's been accused of trying to ensure other governments don't challenge its power but many say this time it's backing of venezuela's opposition leader is different she has her tons in this report. and. the u.s. is recognition of an unelected opposition as president of venezuela even latin american historians accustomed to washington's lone history of overthrowing governments south of the border this is unprecedented not only in venezuela and
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history but in latin america the only similarity as a historian that i can recall was with the bay of pigs in which part of the u.s. plan in landing troops in have and cuba was to declare a government in exile and then that government in exile up in arms would request u.s. military assistance and the u.s. would then land troops parados could also be drawn with the u.s. as support for the ousting of. do i and the democratically elected socialist president of chile in the early seventy's president nixon vowed to make chile as a colony scream in order to set the groundwork for a military coup the us encouraged the chilean business community to destabilize the country through the hoarding of food and through strikes meanwhile it slashed foreign aid and poured millions into the opposition the economy was soon in ruins. when donald trump came into office he intensified sanctions already imposed by the obama administration preventing caracas from restructuring its debts importing food and medicine and stopping u.s. based venezuelan petrol companies citgo from repatriating its profits the
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venezuelan economy was already in terrible due to falling oil prices and mismanagement of the currency now it was devastated the government is fully aware that needs to carry out some significant structural reforms to the economy and without international lines of credit and the ability to build up foreign reserves just as any normal country usually can do in these conditions it's really impossible for the venezuelan government government to do this. the u.s. is also alone funded venezuela's opposition through the national endowment for democracy and usa id what unifies the us is opposition to the venezuelan government the overthrow of our end in chile and the bay of pigs is washington's determination to prevent any threats to u.s. corporate interests in the region as governments reassert authority over their economies and redistribute wealth when the obama administration supported the coups against the democratically elected leaders of on your wrists and paraguayan the
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same dynamics were in play through former president nicolas maduro is illegitimate the trumpet ministrations actions against venezuela should come as no surprise them but the overt manner in which it is doing sir would appear to be an emphatic message as decades of leftist rule in the region recede washington is back she had her town see al-jazeera. washington's top diplomat has paled the latest round of talks between the united states and the afghan taliban as encouraging secretary of state mike compos says his government is serious about pursuing peace in afghanistan and bringing american forces home and still much work left to do it. now reports an apparent breakthrough in negotiations taliban sources say their leaders are paving the way for around fourteen thousand american troops in afghanistan to leave within eighteen months if we turn groups such as and
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i still will not be allowed to use afghanistan as a base to target u.s. forces that will only actually be implemented if the other items are also agreed and which are for the taliban much more difficult including direct negotiations with the afghan government reaching agreement with the afghan government and moving into some kind of interim or transitional ministration but after repeated and failed attempts to the seventeen year old afghan war the peace process has a long way to go afghanistan's president has voiced his skepticism a soft money warning the terms of any agreement bus include approval from the afghan government so i surely will basically be thinking ok my work starts now all this follows the appointment of one of the taliban's co-founders as leader of the group's political office based in the qatari capitol hill had
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a brother who was jailed for eight years in pakistan has a history of supporting peace talks. the pakistani government which has been accused of providing a safe haven for taliban fighters also had a seat at the negotiating table in qatar. the draft agreement is with possibly conditional and a postulate to perhaps to test the waters and see if it eventually and the longest running us war has a bottle. the un human rights investigator looking into the murder of journalist america such has sought access to the crime scene in the saudi consulate in istanbul ignace kalama has also asked to visit the kingdom but hasn't had a reply from saudi authorities telling all his the un special rapporteur on executions it you to arrive in turkey on monday well hail josh on is the executive director at the i've sent to washington d.c.
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and he says there's growing pressure on the u.n. to pursue its own investigation into the console jima but there has been a lot of international pressure directed. particularly office of the secretary general of the un to initiate some response if you will some initiate some investigation on behalf of the international community with regards to the murders so recently the secretary general has appointed a group of three representatives to kind of represent him and the united nations are showing this inventive investigation the group is headed by again this column up as you just stated in addition to helena kennedy a member of parliament and wanted to know if the portuguese investigator and saw these people have requested if you will that group has requested access
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to the saudi consulate the site of the scene of the crime and stumbled so that they can begin their investigation an admission to a visit to the kingdom of saudi arabia to be briefed about the investigation in terms of the saudi investigation in this regard and they have been turned down. families of anti-government protesters arrested in sudan demanding answers about their whereabouts hundreds of people have been detained in six weeks of demonstrations against rising prices and the rule of president bashir even more good now reports from call to. starts his day in the capital with phone calls and internet searches his hoping to hear some news about his brother muslim men who went missing on the twentieth of january after protests in sudan's second largest city on demand. we don't know where he is we checked hospitals but he wasn't among those injured those who were with him during the protests said that he
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was arrested by armed masked men and trying to pick up we haven't seen or heard from him since. thank you. six weeks of anti-government protests started on the nineteenth of december over rising food costs the cries were changed to calls for president bush here to end his thirty year rule. is refusing to hand over power security forces have been criticized for firing bullets and tear gas to disperse protesters. the government says twenty nine have been killed since protests began rights groups say at least fifty have died widespread arrests have also been reported with activists and opposition figures targeted sometimes in their homes. there's growing concerns for their safety the government's long been criticized for torturing dissidents and activists sometimes resulting in death the number of activists who have been arrested since anti-government protests began in december is not known many remain in detention
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with no access to their families or their lawyers with reports of torture from those who have been released many families say they're concerned about the safety and health of their relatives and that they want to know who is holding them and where political parties including members of the ruling coalition such as the popular congress party are adding to calls by rights groups for the release of protesters imprisoned. we want the government to let us know who is killing the protesters who's arresting them and where they are being held they should be released or charged if they committed a crime a peaceful protesting is in the constitution and it is their right. and they shouldn't be arrested before. the ruling national congress party it makes the arrests of activists but if he says them of inciting violence and says they will be charged and tried in court. yes there are people who have been arrested they were calling for protest without getting legal permits they were trying to stabilize the situation and they will be charged but that those who are arrested are in touch with their lawyers because it's in the right we make sure they're in good health
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and i think he. has and doesn't mind if his brother appears in court as long as he turns up alive and while he is there a sort of. give us protests is in front keeping up the pressure on president among several rallies were held across the country marking the eleventh week of protests against michael demonstrators calling the president of the rich and say he's out of touch with ordinary citizens. thousands of people have marched in serbia is comparable belgrade for an eighth to protest against president of exams of mooches government demonstrators one restrictions on media eased and a calling for more freedom of speach. the pacific island nation about a watch who has a long history of community much is being settled by a tribal village chief you remember with for the first time a woman who's been annoying to chairperson of the village tribal council on the island of moshe as part of her plans to transform village life she's applying
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a strict environmentalist agenda which includes marine park and cracking down on illegal logging my name is lame. and i'm a first. lady of a tribal council in vanuatu it's always been i'm in the position my husband sound she is a bunch of the childless who give me the right to want to. i come from totally different islands and try and different. just farm and culture somewhere happy somewhere not the end of the day that she. has that lesson my husband and i go to capitol hill every day to bring kids to school but those so for work and for shopping i'm. tryna.
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hospitality institution. when i look around me i see the destruction of forest and marine life after the cyclone everybody relies on government handouts so the council decides that we can't wait we have to do something to. so my community we put all these bylaws in place the first thing is the shelter that can shelter the families that don't have psycho on parole forms. fear is also the thing tides see what rises just keep coming in we introduce nearby losers' to stop people making guidance around riva to protect the what the source. we have a problem with people chopping down trees for charcoal and files to sell so we introduce the by laws to protect the forests we also introduced by last for people
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to have their own gardens so that they don't have to rely on the process called one of the things we decided to do is to introduce them aren't protected area we care about the lives of. the less the secret but i do glance we took it for granted but now in this generation we come to realize that the future for the environment is important for us and the generation everything that lives around us is important it's part of our lives. so this is our joy these are the top stories that have been two explosions targeting a catholic church in the southern philippines at least seventeen people being killed and dozens injured in the blast in georgia jewell and they're going to have
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this update from manila. bomb exploded one inside the church as a mass one was ongoing and outside where security is usually rotated there's been no claim of responsibility at this point but you have to understand that the island of law is one of the more it is their guy and basically difficult area in in the southern philippines is where armed groups are based out of there is a more it's an ignition far more national liberation front and of course the story is i would say yes now despite no claim of responsibility make at this point that timing is suspicious because last week there has been a referendum and the island of willow both that to not be part of this new upon the much a government that's been created part of the peace process with the biggest armed group the more its own people regions venezuela has rejected an ultimatum by spain germany france and britain that president nicolas maduro call elections within
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eight days well they'll recognize the opposition leader as president united states has been urging world leaders to isolate the madeira government at a special session of the u.n. security council the death toll from a dam bust in these in southeastern brazil has risen to thirty four hundreds more are still missing for a fifth day under a sea mine waste. six days of talks between the afghan taliban and the u.s. have ended in concert with the promise of further discussions talks have been focused on the withdrawal of foreign forces the role of the afghan government and a ceasefire agreement. the un human rights investigator looking into the matter of journalist democracy his sort access to the crime scene in the saudi consulate in istanbul i can as kalama has asked to visit the kingdom but has not had a reply from the saudi authorities. yes protests as in france keeping up the pressure on presidents and mental micro several rallies were held across the country marking the eleventh week of protests against met. today with headlines got
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more news here announce their write off. if not. for. february on al-jazeera we investigate the toxic legacy of south africa's mining industry and examine exactly what is hiding beneath old is toxic waste africa's largest democracy heads to the polls join us for live coverage as nigeria votes out as their world showcases the best of the networks documentaries with powerful untold stories from the middle east and north africa as cubans are set to vote on the possible changes to the constitution what impact will the outcome have on the country the world sunny day witness visits in sweden where a community polarized by mining towns questions the heritage february on al-jazeera . on line. to the answer for them we've got to
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join us on the senate all of us have been colonized in some form or some fashion this is a dialogue talking about a legal front you have seen what it can do to somebody people are using multiple drugs including the funnel and some people are seeking it out everyone has a voice and us your thoughts here twitter and you could be on the street join the global conversation. this is techno innovations that can change lives the science of fight fire we're going to explore the intersection of hardware and humanity and we're doing it the unique way. this is a show about science. by scientists. techno investigates gold at any cost. we traveled deep into the rain force of peru these illegal mining operations except for miles and miles away from the main highway to uncover
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a gold rush that's turning the lush jungle into utter devastation high pressure water hoses and blasted out and it's now. just the lamed people are stepping into i'm filled torahs just i've conducted extensive research in this rain forest so this story is personal really pains me to see this brita davison is a biologist specializing in ecology and evolution now she shows us the high tech tools that are exposed and what even the i can't see so where it's blood red that's where the mercury pollution is most intense we will share our findings with lindsay she's an ex cia analyst that's our team everything we've been saying it's for this no it's do some signs. hey guys welcome to techno i'm joined by lindsay moran emerita davis and this
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upcoming episode is an important one to me takes place in true or have done a lot of my research and it is a tale of contrasts we will see rain forest full of new species and then we will see the devastation that humans have done to extract gold and as we know with devastating stories like this where there's a lot of damage science can play are all here not just in monitoring and discovering what's going on but in trying to help process i think this is a story having looked at some of the images that one image of the devastation pretty much says it all absolutely this is an important story it's one that's very near and dear to my heart and it starts in the proving rain forest. and. amazon rain forest for more than fifty million years it's been a cradle of life. this is what
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pristine rain forest looks like. rush. untamed. bursting with wildlife but maybe not for long because the soil underneath is laced with gold and the human desire for it can turn all of this. into a toxic waste land like this. this is love pomponne in the buffer zone of the top of pot to national reserve it's part of more than one hundred thousand acres of rainforest improved that have been decimated by an illegal gold rush. to investigate techno traveled deep into prove to a region called bodger it did the us the mother of god it's one of the most biodiverse areas on the planet and the source of seventy percent of the illicit gold produced each year in peru on
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a flight into the area for the gold mines strong look out the window at all but. then. we arrive to. the region's capital in a gold mining. is what. an estimated thirty thousand illegal miners work in modern day that the us chances are you might find some of them here to sell gold or buy equipment i stopped in to one of the shops to look around at a place called amazon gold and right we walk in there's a sign this is going to order me i buy gold and as i exchange my money there was a little scale right in front of me still had some gold dust on it from past exchanges but this sign was removed as soon as our camera was spotted. for tomorrow model is also placed in transition while many of its roads are still dirt
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paths the new intro she and highway his opened up the area to the wider world people come from all over the country. to work the goal feel secure in my. luis fernando this direct to the carnegie amazon mercury ecosystem project he's been studying gold money toxic legacy in the amazon since two thousand. so now miners have better access to the remote force they can get their equipment there everything's easier because of that highway everything's easier it's essentially part of the perfect storm that is mother. so not only do you have a brand new highway that makes transport easier you have record high gold prices and the preexisting condition of extreme poverty. tell me about this illegal gold mining what is a process where really on the edge between the amazon in the indies and erosion over millions of years has worn down the rocks of the andes which are gold rich and
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all that sediment has washed down the river. next stop a mining area near look pumpa but that can be dangerous for an outsider. the only way into this spot is on the back of a motorbike. the going is tough. in wet. and makeshift bridges don't always hold up. as we get closer to trees give way to something hard to grasp. impossible to put into words. so where we are now should be rain forest and get the rain but the forest is
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missing having done so much work in the areas that have prestigious reinforce it really pay. seed is the only way to get a handle on the devastation is to understand how illegal miners get to the goal. they start by clearing the trees so the process is one that's very very primitive. you use high pressure water hoses and blast it out. of water dissolves the soil removing anything in it that's organic you concentrate it using sluices which kind of looks like a slide where you run a slurry of the sediments over carpets. which captures the tiny flecks of gold that you find in the sediments the process can turn primary rain forest into this in a matter of days. some being the bud this is
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president of a small community of miners who work them on one river nearby even she was disturbed by the level of destruction other miners had done to this land yet i fadi if another. better take one if they had. been mining does more than strip of forest bare miners bring in mercury to extract those tiny flecks of gold. mercury has a very unique characteristic of binding with gold forming an amalgam for a minor it's almost like magic if there's any question as to whether or not this area was contaminated with mercury the answer is right here. in the film amazon gold documented miners working with mercury at a mine deep in the rainforest people are stepping into mercury people are stepping into that mix of sediment mercury and water in stomping on it like you would grapes. because you need all those little pieces of gold to touch the mercury to be
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able to capture it manu any miner john valdez works with mercury almost every day india's north korea get into that. it will. stick it to a new competitor but i don't know. i don't have a minute. to look at it whatever it will do that don't know yet that the. miners can also be exposed to mercury vapors that's because once they extract their malcolm they have to burn off the mercury to get to the gold so these miners are touching mercury they're breathing mercury one of the health effects so the top american way that these miners are exposed to is extremely toxic especially when you breathe it. in starts to a fact that liver kidneys the digestive system and starts to affect the central nervous system. today the money miners aren't working because of the rain but john
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bubba's showed the equipment he used just two days ago to burn off a piece of gold. everything we've been saying it's for this is about three grams of gold which translates into one hundred dollars which the average worker here could make in about three days. that's a lot of money immoderately that the average farm worker makes less than two hundred dollars a month that lure of gold is changing the face of the amazon as jungle is replaced by mining camps like this magnets for crime underage prostitution and poverty. symbols of gold at any cost. in two thousand and thirteen hunting images of the toll illegal mining had taken on the proving amazon went viral. the video was taken by the carnegie airborn
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observatory a high tech plane developed by gregg as nerve from the carnegie institution's department of global ecology. what is it about these mining activities that are so destructive from let's say from an environmental perspective first gold miners not only remove the forest to go down below the soil surface down into what would be called the mineral soil below the biologically active part of the soil so deep in the soil that there isn't a science to tell us that there's forest could ever recover. the devastation exposed from above was dramatic but it was also only part of the story the aircraft but south fitted with all sorts of cool technology but how did you use some of that technology to zero in on what was happening in terms of gold mining yeah one of the key technologies on board the plane is a laser imaging system what it does is we fire laser beams out of the bottom of the
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plane the lasers can penetrate all the way down to the forest floor and so what we end up doing is we end up imaging the forest in very high fidelity three d. most of the work that have been done on this gold mining problem was using satellites that see some of the larger mines we started finding that there was a much larger contribution from thousands of small mining operations that weren't known and suddenly we had a problem to report the rate of gold mining expansion tripled after the two thousand and eight local recession if you are on a typical amazon river before seems like it's intact all around you but this is that same river that we just were on in the boat. when we peel the forest back we reveal the ground which is shown on the right here and what we see here are gold mining operations there so by and large they're said back from the. river's edge so
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that they are being executed clandestinely the observatory also has a one of a kind spectrometer which can detect chemicals in the forest below including mercury our system is unique that it can measure four hundred in twenty channels of light all at the same time from the ultraviolet to the visible part of the spectrum that we see in to the infrared into the short wave infrared its ability to do that gives us access to a key scientific breakthrough which is the ability to measure chemicals in the environment because chemicals shine in different wavelengths of the spectrum. this video from the observatory shows one of the large mining areas in the tunnel part a buffer zone here's how the spectrometer sees that same mining area so where it's blood red that's where the mercury pollution is the most intense so it's basically
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like a signature of contamination of severe contamination and then these blue areas are porous that have no mercury in them and these are also illegal mining activities these large cleared areas all of this is illegal while the spectrometer can see mercury contamination from the sky luis ferdinand is studying where mercury goes on the ground. where else is mercury and up because the mercury is dumped into the rivers and lakes then gets into the food chain bacteria in the water convert the mercury into something even more talks in order gannett compound called methylmercury which is easily absorbed in the digestive system mercury. unlike many other pollutants magnifies every time it goes from one link in that food chain to the next so a fish at the top of the food chain in a contaminated region can have mercury levels millions or tens of millions of times higher than the water in which they swim where does that fish end up in many cases
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it ends up on the dinner plate of people that live hundreds of miles downstream from. the east for the numbers and his team attested hair samples of more than a thousand people throughout the modulator the u.s. more than seventy five percent had levels above the limits considered safe by the environmental protection agency some as high as thirty three times the limit. to talk of. the flu. one only has a legal case pending. they. can look at this from a. two billion dollars this time if you can vary. over time mercury impacts the central nervous system it could cause problems with vision hearing and memory at high levels it can cause brain damage to unborn babies
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if you talk to minors you say hey this is a problem how do they usually respond usually they don't believe us they don't see the immediate effects because the type of exposure that you see here is a chronic one. by twenty twelve the price of gold was over fifteen hundred dollars an ounce in illegal mining had eaten away more than one hundred thousand acres of proven rain forest in madrid videos alone. the proven government decided to get tough. troops went into mining areas and camps and equipment the strikes were part of a multi-pronged strategy according to her and that's stored as luna a former advisor to proof ministry of the environment the study g m involved police operations and the prosecution of the orse offenders and it involved.
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financial intelligence to connect the dots in follow the money and see who are the big bosses the crackdown led to violent clashes between miners and police but it didn't stop illegal mining they sent in the military thousands of police what impact of that it's been a very temporary fleeting impact it's so profitable that you can loose cover a million dollars in machinery and two weeks later join back in business it is that profitable this strategy also includes a process of legalizing some mining operations outside of protected areas but only if miners can prove they have proper permits and a plan to deal with the environmental impact it is impossible for many of them and that's the other part if people are never going to be able to be formal to put the telephone and start dealing with the. tecno also visited proved ministry of the
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environment in lima so there is this formalization process how are the miners responded to this in some way well in some not so good because sure it is more to work outside of the world for because it was cheap that is why we need to have very clear ways ford will describe to me this interdiction to crack down on some of these areas how was it how does it go in some way good but on the other hand which is very difficult to maintain that kind of interdiction because we cannot do it every day so sometime we pull out these people from the four b. and so on in two or three week coming back to the same place why can't you do it every day why can't you come back every three weeks because they are also do see some ways to avoid danger addiction mishal for example in some places in the buffer zone they were there working by night is inside the tumble part of buffer zone it
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has been the target of more than one military interdiction yet our cameras caught this current mining operation at the pampa in broad daylight many of the real noble remains are allies of mine in the rug not the corruption in the air not on the tory want to go by seeing the fulfillment of the law in the service we need to show to good people but there was subsidies not day if miserably fail to put enough even small parts of the start the the government approved at the moment of a total abandonment of the need should leave i left the ministry over six months ago why did you leave the ministry i love the ministry because of a but. from government in terms of environmental standards they approved a new law that weakens the ability of the ministry of environment to both create
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protests. areas in go after him and the transformations i was there to help not to be part of the reason so i left techno also traveled into the heart of the tumble part to national reserve it's a place so protected that we had to register at two control stations on the way. yet even the park guards seemed overwhelmed. no i said no us i miss him but i asked him what. we saw miners working the river just a short distance away from the second control station yuri torres was our guide on this journey into the reserves he now makes his living by helping people experience the breathtaking beauty of the rainforest as he knows the rain forest so well he spots a saddleback tamarind monkey with a baby on its back during our interview but torres used to make his living off the jungle as
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a gold mine or one of the my there you don't really care about forest oh three torres is father and his brothers still make their living as illegal gold miners and you talk to them about the dangers about the environment yes they do it's a big big deal do you worry about your father and your brothers as miners yes yes they do oil everyone's away family if they don't mind what i did. was very sad it's such beyond words we're talking some of the most biological of diverse forests there are three places where you could spin to for our worse but she just what's taking place in one branch of one tree in the way the light of the sun shines some different. buses but in the school way. become bitter because of that i am absolutely convinced the human beings of
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a right to nature it makes a stronger. so feel you've traveled a lot and done a lot of research in that region but this was the first time that you had seen this and been to these areas how did it affect you emotionally i've seen it from the plane and you tell my flying to this area and i've always heard about it but to actually see it firsthand was unbelievable really made me want to do something and make sure that people know how big of an issue this is i have to tell you to feel i mean just learning about this strikes a very emotional cord for me too because this is my part of the world not peru but bolivia and bolivia is part of this equation here i mean there is a lot of mining activity gold mining in bolivia as well but the issues that are going on with the magnitude of the illegal activity in peru has been spilling over into bolivia so there's a lot of gold contraband that's going through people to get water and we're getting
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export it kind of under the radar which is really really crazy it's a huge issue about cars about three billion dollars an ounce of gold going through believe you huge amount is this similar to or more complicated than say blood diamonds like as a consumer what can i do to make sure i'm not contributing to the problem if i wear gold jewelry you know the advantage of the diamond problem it is just this dress to go on the ground but you can actually track it down and you can figure out based on its chemistry where it came from with gold it's a lot more difficult to do because a lot of the gold gets exported it gets all melted together so you could have gold from prove mixed with gold from croatia and all of that could make a necklace found that story really opened my eyes so thank you for that really sobering but important be sure to check us out next time during techno is we bring you more. stories from the field of science dive deep into these stories and go
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behind the scenes at al jazeera dot com slash techno follow our expert contributors on twitter facebook instagram and google plus and more. we're heading to the place so deep in the proven amazon it's taken us two days on this boat just to get there from the search current dangerous macaw techno look at what is being done to protect one of the region's most iconic creatures of cars are disappearing because legal pet trade with booming researchers say wanted to see a reintroduction of mccahill as a viable option to save some of these population pretty good. techno on al-jazeera . it's the first day of school in bob an elementary school in mosul. is this school is a military base firing rocket propelled grenades a multitude of nearby about it falsus. most helpful goutam what it is like to be in
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school up to three years old war. six year old son. as like his home and almost wiped out his entire family he now lives in the partly destroyed house with his father and grandfather. solace while the prepares his son for the first day in school is hopeful new friends would hope is that a company. in the next episode of science in the golden age i'll be exploring the contributions made by scholars during the medieval islamic period in the field of medicine. so instant to be a good subject to bring different people from all over the world together. to such like a magical. the more i learn about the more. i just picked science in a golden name with professor jim miller. we know the culture we know the problems that affect this part of the world very very well and that is
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something that we're trying to take to the rest of the world we have gone to places and reported on a story that it might take an international network for months to be able to do it united nations to be far out there going i'm tired will. be are challenging the forces were challenging companies are going to places where nobody else is going. the number of dead is rising from explosions at a church in the southern philippines. this is al jazeera live from doha also coming up food for thought we react to political upheaval from holds of venezuelans getting help from neighboring colombia
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. the taliban and the u.s. move closer towards an afghan peace agreements but major differences remain. and waiting for word on their loved ones the distraught relatives of hundreds of people missing after a bust in brazil. explosions at a church in the southern philippines have killed at least seventeen people the blast targeted a catholic congregation just off the mass in joe which is about a thousand kilometers from manila and dozens of people have been injured let's get to this immediate update from jamil and he joins us live now from manila what more do you know. well what we know nic is that death toll continues to rise it happened early this morning at about eight am local time in whole or two bombs exploded one inside the church as
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a mass was ongoing and outside we were told that one of the bombs a bomb that was place as i was put inside the you box of a motorcycle we've been told basically that at least five states forces members of the philippine military have been killed instantly and at least many other civilians also were killed there have been instructions from the hierarchy of the military to extract those who have been wounded and to be flown in to someone the city basically the biggest city in the air hole or what they're finitely because a whole lot basically there's not have enough medical facilities at this point there is still no claim of responsibility there was an outage. breakdown of communication lines there and now information is just starting to trickle in. all the possibilities here we understand is located in sunni province which is rejected the recent autonomous agreement. well at
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this point there is no claim of responsibility but it's important to note that while law is one of the most militarized and possibly the most dangerous place in the philippines in terms of you know the security that is because almost every single armed group in the philippines has a base there and the most notorious the i would say our group is known to have set up bombings in different parts of the philippines but they also control a large part of the law and and although there is no claim of responsibility that message and means it's clear that the whole law the spite efforts of a peace process will remain powder keg of powder keg and that government forces and other armed groups who are pushing for the inclusion of law among other provinces the words as you autonomy basically will not it's not going to be easy at this point the philippine military has condemned the attack this spite no claim of responsibility but as we know another are additional forces are being sent there as we speak to mitigate basically the security vacuum there to manage things very much
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indeed with an update from of the philippines venezuela's president and his supporters have denounced moves to topple him by influential european nations germany france and britain have set a deadline for nicholas would call new elections if he doesn't they say they'll recognize the opposition leaders who want to go to the interim president. the european union say they've given this to call for elections. venezuelans. anybody. madeira has received the backing of russia china turkey and mexico mark has more from an emergency session of the u.n. security council. a highly unusual weekend session and at the outset russia made very clear its opposition to the proceeding arguing that any u.n. involvement in venezuela constituted a violation of that country's sovereignty particularly when you're still who rules we don't see any external threats coming from what is taking place in venice well
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or venezuela does not represent a threat to peace and security if anything does represent a threat to peace it is a shameless and aggressive actions of the united states and their allies aimed at the ouster of the legitimately elected president of venezuela russia demanded a procedural vote to continue the requisite mine members voted to do so but the four votes against a signal that yet again the security council would not be speaking with a unified voice now it's time for every other nation to pick a side no more delays no more games if you stand with the forces of freedom or you're in league with major and his mayhem that's a sentiment echoed by u.s. allies the united kingdom making a clear ultimatum we believe that one why don't you is the right man to take venezuela forward and we will recognize him as constitutional interim president if new elections are not announced within eight days the venezuelan foreign
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minister was allowed to put his country's point of view and seize the opportunity for a show and tell of what he called illegitimate u.s. intervention in latin america the united states is withdrawing forces from syria well they are going to try to start a new war now in latin america venezuela we're not going to give them that satisfaction peace stability and understanding will prevail in venezuela in spite of all the efforts of the countries present here who are trying to trigger a war the u.s. secretary of state was not there to listen holding a brief news conference before walking away and leaving the council still in session behind mike hanna al-jazeera united nations and all the while venezuela's president is claiming a diplomatic victory at the u.n. security council meeting. you know your market hollow today at the same time our foreign minister was speaking at the united nations security council to finding venezuela i want you to applaud the foreign minister and the entire team at the
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u.n. really great victory in the u.n. today a victory for venezuela a victory of truth a big victory at the united nations with his support of most of the countries in the u.n. security council to reflect victory marc pompei left the meeting. to brazil now where rescue workers have briefly suspended the search for hundreds of people still missing after. thirty four bodies have been found but many more are feared dead under a sea of mining waste reports now from the town of regino near the site of the disaster . the heavy rain only makes an already fraught rescue operation much worse many have been saved to being cared for relieved distraught concerned about their missing loved ones. the feelings that you're going to die if the end of everything you don't know which way to run. for president. visited the disaster area but didn't stay long his ministers are overseeing the rescue the relief efforts. the
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mud is being monitored by local and national institutions at this moment the heavy part is moving more slowly we have several monitoring points along the river and we are tracking its movement. an investigation is underway into how the dam burst releasing millions of liters of waste from the iron ore mine the owners vale expressed their sorrow they've already been fined sixty six million dollars but they were also part owners of a miner a little over three years ago a similar downburst one thousand people were killed damage to the environment was immense we still don't know the scale of this tragedy on either the human or the environmental level what is known is that lessons were not learned from the last november two thousand and fifteen nobody was prosecuted nobody took responsibility many already asking whether they'll be ignored again if it's there it's disheartening it's sad what carelessness where are the authorities spare the
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petitions how long are people going to die for things like this how long we'll be crying for our loved ones. were sent to the morgue in search of a missing husband banjul he wasn't there but he doesn't know where he is she may never know and will join others wondering how another down they were told was safe this course such death and destruction that. berman guignol was ill a funeral is being held for an eight year old guatemalan boy who died in u.s. custody after crossing the border with mexico felipe are gamers along there was the second child to die while being held by american authorities last month fell ill after being detained with his father to travel to the border from the remote town of the elementary. washington's top diplomat has hailed the latest round of talks between the united states in the afghan taliban is encouraging secular state my pumpin says his government is serious about pursuing peace in afghanistan and bringing american forces home with the still much work left to do and fashion
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reports. an apparent breakthrough in negotiations taliban sources say their leaders are paving the way for around fourteen thousand american troops in afghanistan to leave within eighteen months if we turn groups such as and i still will not be allowed to use afghanistan as a base to target u.s. forces that will only actually be implemented if the other items are also agreed which are for the taliban much more difficult including direct negotiations with the afghan government reaching agreement with the afghan government and moving into some kind of interim or transitional ministration but after repeated and failed attempts to the seventeen year old afghan war the peace process has a long way to go afghanistan's president has voiced his skepticism
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a soft money warning the terms of any agreement bus include approval from the afghan government so i surely will basically be thinking ok my work starts now all this follows the appointment of one of the taliban's co-founders as leader of the group's political office based in the qatari capital hill honey brother who was jailed for eight years in pakistan has a history of supporting peace talks. the pakistani government which has been accused of providing a safe haven for taliban fighters also had a seat at the negotiating table in qatar. the draft agreement is reportedly conditional an opportunity perhaps to test the water and see if it eventually and the longest running us war. donald trump is being criticized by his own supporters after retreat seen on his border wall demands to
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end the longest government shutdown in u.s. history on day five of the stalemate congress unanimously passed a temporary deal to fund the government until february fifteenth president trump says he could still declare a national emergency to secure the five point seven billion dollars for the wall if no agreement is reached in the next three weeks still ahead here on al-jazeera israel and iran exchanged fire in syria fears grow that it could lead to a wider regional war with global consequences. and appreciates what the potential to get even more popular and south korea's relationship with the north starts to thaw. we've had a couple of fine days and not just live around seven.

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