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tv   NEWS LIVE - 30  Al Jazeera  February 1, 2019 8:00am-8:34am +03

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genocide. and later in sport four time champions japan prepared to face the tournament's top scorers qatar asian cup final will be or. so let's have a first the u.s. president saying he is optimistic he can reach a new comprehensive trade deal with china but donald trump says no deal will be finalized until he meets chinese president xi jinping washington and beijing imposed billions of dollars worth of tabs on each other's good since a trade war began last year alan fischer reports from washington. we have made tremendous progress we both want to deal but there's still a lot of ground to cover u.s. president donald trump has been meeting china's vice premier in the oval office he delivered a letter from his boss chinese president xi jinping the topic the ongoing trade war between the two hanging over both the corner meets the hold they put in
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a going to be have been sitting round the table in washington this week trying to thrash out an agreement that after days of talks donald trump is in second there's a deal to be done this is a small deal which this is going to be a very big deal or it's going to be a deal that will just postpone for a little while but we've been dealing with china and we've had a great relationship i have a great relationship with president cheney. the u.s. wants china to buy more american goods and to change the rules of doing business in china where american companies have to peer with local companies and hand over to treat secrets and intellectual property and good at a growing trade deficit the trumpet ministration introduced ten percent targets on billions of dollars of chinese goods coming into the u.s. that will kick up to twenty five percent if there's no deal by march but he the chinese have retaliated with kind of serve their own the president says any final agreement will be hammered out with him and his chinese counterpart it's a lot of work because this is
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a very comprehensive deal this is what we're talking about you know they're going to buy some corn and that's going to be a know they're going to buy corn hopefully they get a lot of corn and lots of wheat lots of everything else that we have but they're also talking heavy technology heavy manufacturing financial services and everything in the united states and china of the world's two biggest economies there's pressure on both to reach a deal share because of the impact it's having on their own countries and the international monetary fund says an extended trade war will be bad for global economies alan fischer al-jazeera washington. the u.s. senate has back to bill amendment opposing president trump's plan to withdraw troops from syria and afghanistan senate voted sixty eight to twenty three on the measure of put forward by majority leader mitch mcconnell says pulling out could allow i saw an al-qaeda to regroup and destabilized both countries it's a rare rebuke of tums foreign policy by the republican controlled senate had to go again as more from washington for the past two years u.s.
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president donald trump has really been able to go along without having any sort of rebuke from congress that seems to be changing now when it comes to one issue in foreign policy the senate has voted to proceed with an amendment which would basically say the senate doesn't agree with the president's plan to pull u.s. troops out of syria or afghanistan the vote was sixty eight to twenty three to proceed talking about it now this doesn't carry the force of law the president sets troop numbers as commander in chief but it is a rare rebuke it's not clear that it's actually going to pass because it's attached to a more controversial bill but in this vote the overwhelming majority of the senators saying to the president when it comes to point troops out of afghanistan or syria that he's wrong. a germany france and britain have launched a new payment system which iran which with iran which bypasses u.s. sanctions it is aimed at saving the twenty fifth the iran nuclear deal with u.s.
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president trump pulled out of last year it will allow e.u. companies to trade with iran and is expected to be indorsed by all twenty eight e.u. members tasha butler has more from paris. it was on the sidelines of the european union foreign ministers meeting in bucharest that france britain and germany launched a new e.u. payment mechanism to allow european companies to continue trading with iran and bypass u.s. sanctions ministers hope the initiative will safeguard the twenty fifteen iran nuclear deal and help ensure regional stability is an example of that or at least we are making clear that we are not only talking about keeping the nuclear agreement live but we are now creating a possibility to do business transactions that is a prerequisite for us so we can deliver on our obligations and in return be able to ask iran not to develop enrich uranium for military use the e.u.'s foreign policy chief who was one of the twenty fifteen deals may negotiators welcomed the trade
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system called instax the establishment of the special purpose vehicle is i believe the mechanism that would allow for legitimate trade to continue as for c.n.n. in the interview at the missile for support from our side then he you payment system will avoid transfers in dollars it will be based in paris overseen by a banking manager in germany and supervised by a board in the united kingdom in the beginning it will be for trade in things like medicine food and some humanitarian items but the idea is that it could be expanded to trade in other areas the mechanism will help mainly small and medium businesses but it may not be enough to persuade european multinationals such as french oil giant total german can make a danger to resume trade with iran and. risk u.s. penalties but some analysts say its symbolism is important because it sends two clear messages one to tehran that the e.u. is serious about maintaining the nuclear deal and the other to washington
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washington is the message it sends about the future as well here and the europeans i think are signaling that if the u.s. continues this already use and overreach of that secondary sanctions policy that the europeans can really begin to build up something bigger in response to it and that they're special purpose because just the first step donald trump says he hopes that u.s. sanctions will force tehran into a new deal so far you're a new leader say they won't renegotiate but they welcome the e.u. payment plan those here will hope that the mechanism will save the nuclear agreement because if it collapses it could deal a blow to europe's efforts and credibility the tasha butler al-jazeera paris iran is preparing to mark the fortieth anniversary of the nine hundred seventy nine revolution on friday the islamic republic was created after ayatollah ruhollah khomeini returned from exile in the following weeks his supporters toppled the shah
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of iran dentist the from power so in basra the reports by the time ayatollah ruhollah khomeini stepped off the plane into one persian king here campaigned against for years from exile had left the country. the shah of iran was gone never to return and his government back home was about to collapse. over the course of the next ten days. overpowered the loyalists but cementing their control of the country was bloody work to this day people stand accused of widespread brutality and extrajudicial killings carried out in the frenzy of revolution but for iranians who supported him it was a time of hope and change every year iranians remember khomeini's triumphant return by retracing his steps. motorcade took him past the monument. renamed freedom tower after the revolution fast forward forty years and the events of that time that reshaped the region in the world continue to shape iran today.
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muscly at the car now a member of president hassan rouhani is government became a seminal figure in iranian politics after the revolution she rose to prominence as the public face of iran during the u.s. hostage crisis if the car said fears of an american plan to overthrow khamenei and re-install the shah is why students rated the embassy and took fifty two people hostage the crisis lasted for more than a year in the days before the anniversary of the revolution she reminded people nine hundred seventy nine was a complicated time everything is very shaky. the military is shaky the intelligence of this is shaky. and all the signals coming to indicate that there's something going on. with. this newly established. for people in power the benefits of toppling a corrupt king remain obvious and revolutionaries now leaders continue to paint
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pretty pictures of iran's future but for iranians now governed by them those pictures have begun to fade six years old when the revolution happened maria mahmoud honey attended khomeini's rallies with her mother even helped the activist of the time face off with police and soldiers. but she says for many iranians the revolution has come to mean little more than broken promises adds one more. remember young people building trenches making money out of cocktails and even though as a child i helped them or accompanied my mother to rallies at least back then things went cheap but now i feel pity for the current generation. forty years after the revolution iran has become a country of sharp contrasts. iran today is more militarily capable but remains in a constant state of conflict with several countries politically more independent from outside influence iran is still often isolated on the world stage and despite the fact that it is one of the largest oil producing countries in the world for
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millions of iranians prosperity is still something that remains elusive. zero to one. of us is scrapping its nuclear agreement with russia that's according to u.s. officials who spoke to reuters the intermediate range nuclear forces treaty or i.n.f. is a nine hundred eighty seven arms control pact between the united states and what was then the soviet union the treaty banned all land based missiles with ship with a short an intermediate range the u.s. has accused russia of violating the treaty in december it warned it would withdraw from the i.m.f. if russia did not comply by february second i will stress h n is a project leader at the civilian research and development foundation global and specializes in nuclear security joins us now from washington thanks very much for being with us so what do you make of this move if it happens then is this. do you
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worry about the dangers of this or are they justified is the u.s. justified in pulling out of it. no i think it's extremely dangerous and it's been a long time coming donald trump is not known for his love of international agreements especially ones that restrain the united states in any way shape or form i think for a long time after i became president his advisors were holding him back particularly jim mattis being the voices of reason but i think the real tipping point was when john bolton entered the cabinet he likes international agreements that restrain the united states almost less than donald trump does so it's a real recipe for disaster and i say disaster because the i.n.f. treaty has done done what it does incredibly well it has brought stability and clarity into the intent and capabilities of russia especially in the european theater now our nato allies do not want short range missiles introduced back into
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the european theater and they would be the countries that would have to host these russia doesn't need permission from anyone so really it's a treaty where we're not giving ourselves any additional benefits russia gets all the benefits and when it comes to china we simply do not have any land mass that is in that theater where we can place these missiles well you mentioned china there and one of the criticisms of the of the i n f treaty is that it is kind of a neck and neck when a stick is it is outdated in that that treaty was signed in one thousand nine hundred seven between what would the two main superpower as at that time and since then china has developed its nuclear program and the i.n.f. treaty does not address that toll what do you say to that. i say that's correct it doesn't address that because it doesn't need to address that. there's a very good reason that we do not have enough capable missiles pointed at china and that's i said we do not have any land mass that is within range other than guam and
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on guam we have strategic bombers that are armed with air launch cruise missiles we have submarines the patrol the pacific with ballistic missiles nuclear missiles so really the i.n.f. treaty is only geared at restricting land based short range missiles and we've gotten around that over the last thirty years very well by putting those missiles on in the ocean and and on airplanes so by tearing up the island but citing china as a reason for to turn up the i.n.f. treaty it just does not make sense we have other ways around that so how do you see this playing out then if the u.s. does go through with this decision. i think it would be extremely damaging to our credibility and i think our it here is to the i.n.f. treaty shows both our allies and our adversaries that we are being a global leader we are being the grownup the adult in the room by tearing up this
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agreement we're reintroducing nuclear dangers that were effectively resolved and disappeared thirty years ago reintroducing short range nuclear missiles to the european theater if that is indeed what the president has in mind is incredibly dangerous with long range missiles such as intercontinental ballistic missiles launched from the united states or from russia you have about thirty minutes of flight time and that translates to about ten minutes of warning time for satellites to see that they are coming and to respond accordingly the danger of short range missiles and the reason that this treaty was so vitally important at the time was that there is almost no warning time by the time satellites have detected it and you have an opportunity to respond you're essentially already dead the missile is already hit you so by taking that out reproduce that pressure to attack preemptively if we saw a crisis going on or if there was trouble brewing so it really introduced an
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element of stability into the cold war when we did it at the most and we of course are not in the cold war anymore the current tensions that we have with russia. are bad but they are nowhere near as high but reintroducing this element of instability is a grave danger to everybody good to speak with you will say to us there from washington thanks for being with us the saudi led coalition in yemen has attacked a drone storage site it happened east of sunshine it comes as fighting grows it's threatening a fragile cease fire deal in the port city of data saudi led forces attacked ten camps on wednesday. at least twenty nine children and babies have died in a refugee camp in north eastern syria over the past two months hypothermia is being blamed for most of the deaths more than twenty three thousand people mostly women and children escaping fighting have arrived at the whole camp since the end of
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november the world health organization says many families made the journey on foot in freezing conditions all right still ahead on al-jazeera when we come back why trump's battle over a border war could allow immigrants to stay in the u.s. a lot longer last. week. celebrations in lebanon as political fashion months a deadline to form a new government. and in sport we'll tell you about one of the biggest deals completed on transfer deadline day in english. hello again welcome back we're here across the northern part of australia we're totally talking about the northern territory and queensland we're talking about a lot of rain that's been happening over the last couple of days and in townsville
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we're talking about a disaster being declared because of the very heavy rain that they had seen unfortunately over the next few days as you can see here in the forecast map the rain is going to continue across much of that area they are of low pressure that is turning is really not moving too much so that means more rain is going to fall in the same locations from friday as well as into saturday took over the forecast map there will be seeing some flooding going on across much of that area down towards the south though the temperatures are on their way back to melbourne thirty three degrees few adelaide at thirty seven and over here towards city well it's going to be a nice day at about twenty six degrees there well for the north and south island of new zealand we are going to see a change we have a front that's making its way across the tasman sea that is first going to be bringing some clouds and rain here for christ church as me and the week right there with some rainy conditions attempted there of about twenty six degrees but that's going to be the warmest you see because as we go toward saturday that front moves up to the north you are cooling down to about twenty and auckland is going to be
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about twenty six up towards fiji though we're going to be seeing some mostly cloudy conditions for you with maybe a rain shower passing through and attempt to there about thirty. bureaus spawning six continents across the.
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al-jazeera has correspondents live in green the stories they tell. you sirrah flew didn't world news. hello again you're watching edges in a reminder of the top stories this hour venezuela's opposition leader has accused security forces moyal to president nicolas maduro of threatening his family former military officers have also been arrested for allegedly plotting to overthrow maduro. the u.s. president says progress has been made with china in talks aimed at easing
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a trade spat between the two but donald trump says no deal will be finalized until he meets chinese president xi jinping. the u.s. senate is back to bill amending a. bill amendment opposing president chum's plan to withdraw troops from syria and afghanistan since pulling out could allow i still read group and destabilize both countries the us president says american forces will pull out of afghanistan if talks with the taliban lead to a peace deal. we're going into close to nineteen years in being in afghanistan and for the first time they're talking about settling they're talking about making an agreement and we bring our people back home if that happens we'll see what happens but they're really bursars to go sheesh and for the first time there's a reason for that so i think we're doing so well our foreign policy bases
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of the taliban says it is not seeking a monopoly on power in afghanistan the armed group says it's looking for ways to co-exist with others earlier this week the u.s. envoy and said there had been what he called agreements in principle towards a framework for peace with the taliban but it was drawn up without input from the afghan government which the taliban considers illegitimate last year president trump signed an executive order to end a u.s. policy that separated migrant children from their parents if they crossed the u.s. border illegally but reports there are still reports of families being separated. this video of honduran mother cindy flores reuniting with her seventeen month old daughter juliet in san francisco on tuesday has been shared more than eighteen thousand times on twitter they've been separated from each other for more than
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a month immigration courts in the u.s. are struggling to catch up after the longest government shutdown in history a backlog of more than eight hundred thousand cases means for some asylum seekers their fate won't be known for years rob reynolds has more from los angeles. early morning downtown l.a. the u.s. immigration court building a long line of people waiting to attend a hearing on their cases think your prayers was one of them his hearing was canceled because of the government shutdown his case was jailed for generally twenty four hours because of the chant down the court didn't happen so now we have to wait that a new day would be scare you know right now we don't know if that would be within the next year two years three years a father of four progress has already been waiting for three years to see whether he can stay in the u.s. or if he will be deported to mexico and it's chaos now have to wait two three four years more i think it's too much my children are suffering with an overburdened
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system it's common for cases to drag on for years judge ashley tablet or as president of the national association of immigration judges it's pretty much broken it's been broken for some time but it's become unacceptable at this point and we now have well over eight hundred thousand cases that are pending on our calendars for just about four hundred judges it's not unusual for judges to have four thousand or five thousand cases on their docket she says a fundamental problem is that immigration judges are not truly independent or part of the prosecutorial system of the u.s. justice department which is geared toward removing undocumented immigrants i am constantly being pushed to hear more cases faster and that conflict that tension has made it impossible for us to be able to do this job in the effective and efficient manner to the contrary it has created these delays and created additional
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backlog and it has made it very very difficult for the judges to really do their job correctly without undue pressure it's ironic that president trumps shutdown which he started to force. congress to allocate money for a border wall has resulted in more undocumented migrants remaining in the u.s. longer immigration judges and attorneys say the only way to fix this broken system is a sweeping overhaul of the immigration courts and by allocating more money to hire hundreds more immigration judges rob reynolds al jazeera los angeles of the saudi oil giant has been valued at two trillion dollars pumping more than ten million barrels of oil a day but last year it cancelled the domestic and international stock listing of the company which was billed as the biggest deal in history its collapse is the
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largest oil story in recent years and edges into investigates the reasons behind the ambitious offering its apparent failure and the politics of saudi oil and a ramp. home to the muslim worlds holiest sites saudi arabia's real source of power comes from oil and saudi aramco turns that black gold into dollars and results a company which is never to be noted independently was the crown jewel of the so-called vision twenty there is no doubt that iran is one of the key pillars to this vision to the growth of our economy and to the progress of the entire kingdom of saudi arabia. but the company which funds saudi arabia's budget never appeared on any stock market and the kingdom's economy has tanked since then al-jazeera has investigated the ideas behind vision twenty thirty the politics of the kingdom which revolve around oil money and the reasons why the proposed saudi aramco sell off did not work the secretive company has never had to declare its financial
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reports and that as a massive transformation had gone public one of the major objections by people in the kingdom was their fear of the money would go into the pockets of the royal family the other issue was the nearly constant oil build saudi arabia has claimed since it took over from american big oil firms which founded iran called looking at their reserves figures you know makes if you look too closely at it you start. scratching your head you wonder how it can stay roughly constant from year to year when they're there producing an export and so much oil every year five hundred thirty three million dollars five hundred twenty five million dollars the screeners for you to increase to the crown prince spent millions of dollars to build an image of change and progress but the public relations drive abroad as well as any improvements at home have not proceeded as planned but i see that as
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a much bigger backlash that even the religious or conservative people is really unemployment saudis not taking jobs the biggest setbacks to shake investor confidence. in scheme after the confinement of top saudi businessmen the imprisonment of rights activists and economists and find the key the fallout from the killing of saudi journalist jamal to shrug and you. can see i'm asking for people to be allowed to speak i'm asking for the minimum killing of the saudi journalist that has put them in the spotlight and if they come forward and tell the whole truth of what happened if not. they may be faced with harsh. economic sanctions. and if that's the case the market. seems to be saying well saudi arabia's economy is going to fall off
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a cliff. and you can watch this al-jazeera news special a ram called the company and the state on friday february first at twenty hundred g.m.t. on al-jazeera our supporters of lebanon's prime minister are celebrating the formation of a new government was i. satisfied he will head a new cabinet ending a nine month deadlock which destabilized lebanon's economy the breakthrough came after rival factions worked out a compromise which would allow representation of sunni lawmakers backed by the shia group hezbollah. to have we are facing financial and economic challenges as well as social and administrative ones other than the challenges that we know of in the region and the situation on our border and the israeli threats this means that the cooperation between the ministerial team is a must to be up for the challenges and for the government to succeed. a has more
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from beirut. the political deadlock is now over nine months of political wrangling lebanon has a now a government it's never an easy process in this country rival politicians agreeing on the distribution of seats simply because of lebanon sectarian based power sharing agreement so rival politicians agreeing on a new cabinet why now well many observers believe france played a role france a former colonial power a country which has influence here in lebanon their work consultations in recent weeks in the french capital a number of lebanese politicians a visiting paris and paris of course having some sort of leverage over iran we have to remember the united the european union is agreeing to business dealings with iran's skirting u.s.
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sanctions so transfers have leverage over you run and iran of course its allies hezbollah they hold political power in this country all sides made concessions but it was a demand by hezbollah that it suddenly ally hezbollah being of course a shia party it's certainly ally be given a ministerial portfolio hezbollah has had a more conciliatory. attitude in the past a few days so a new government parliament is going to me to give it a vote of confidence that is expected to happen but the political power of the balance of power does not changed hezbollah and its allies control control the parliament they control political power in this country and by extension that means iran and its ally the syrian government are who really have influence over lebanon . the un security council has agreed to the possible easing of an arms embargo on central african republic review we launched into the ban imposed five years ago
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when the president was i was wrong the government says it needs arms to fight rebel groups shala bellus reports. was government supporters marched through banking hoping to pressure diplomats in new york central african republic is under an international embargo to stop it from buying and ammunition for its military and police just joke or lampoon i am angry for my country we want the immediate lift to the arms embargo to give power to our armed forces to start working on bringing peace to our country was imposed by the u.n. five years ago after a coup that led to months of violence was meant to bring stability to a country that scene here is a fighting now the government says it needs the weapons to fight rebels who control nearly eighty percent of the nation. which was how can we say that the embargo is a good thing for our country while our national army doesn't have
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a weapons and the rebels are arming themselves every day. yet if. he needed to name a good can lady there is a lot that needs to be off and what is that luck it's the one that's impacting our security forces. but the u.n. isn't convinced that more guns are a good idea russia received an exemption to the embargo and provided light arms to government forces and sent military trainers last year. a un panel found that russia's intervention created an arms race with the rebels pushing them to increase their own stockpiles. there were also peace talks rebel leaders met government representatives last week in sudan there's a lot to discuss fourteen different rebel groups fighting each other pitting muslim and christian communities against each other to control a country rich in minerals diamonds and gold a norwegian refugee council has warned of
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a catastrophe if the talks fire oh i've got. a un peacekeeping force of nearly fifteen thousand is on the ground and the government wants to take charge and says it needs guns to do that challenge ballasts al jazeera. all right when we come back they don't lose often but when they do it can be pretty devastating coming up in sport details on a bad day for team india in new zealand.

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