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tv   NEWS LIVE - 30  Al Jazeera  February 2, 2019 1:00am-1:33am +03

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if saving eight well this comes after twenty nine babies and children died from hypothermia at the whole refugee camp over the past eight weeks more than twenty three thousand people including many women and children arrived at the camp since the end of november. six months on from the latest about a virus outbreak in the democratic republic of congo in the world health organization says four hundred sixty people have now been killed have been seven hundred forty three confirmed cases since the virus returned last august making it the worst outbreak in the nation's history response efforts continuing are continuing to be hampered by violence and resistance from some traditional communities there's no cure for the virus yet but the w.h.o. says it might have turned a corner in stopping the spread with a vaccine this particular vaccine. has been proven in west africa to be effective in trials so and we are seeing that same process on hold in congo where using a strategy of lexan is in the long social networks contacts of cases contacts of
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those contacts so we're tracking the virus along the route which it spreads in the community and using that targeted approach and using intense community engagement over ninety eight percent of people who are eligible for the vaccine are willing to accept it that's a very very high vaccine coverage and the most high risk people the u.s. is ruling out immediate military action in venezuela but national security adviser john bolton is also saying all options are on the table the u.s. is publicly backing self appointed interim president who is also now each ng out to russia and china if it comes off to go i don't want security forces loyal to nicolas maduro to stay away from his family and latin america and italy sea and human is following developments for us in the venezuelan capital caracas. the. self put famed interim president why dog had finished presenting a plan for national recovery at an israel a central university when he made
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a personal announcement at this hour a special forces agents are at my home asking for my wife. accompanied by diplomats opposition leaders and the media he rushed home residents told us the police agents onto motorcycles had been there but had already left out of the years i ordered a soldier so this country not to intimidate us or poles has remained firm we are speaking of the national plan while they were harassing my family because that's their modus operandi. the u.s. government has warned of severe consequences should anything happen do i lol government supporters call it a cheap publicity stunt opponents a useless attempt to intimidate them and to add more drama to the day the interior minister announced what he called a plot by mercenaries allegedly paid by the opposition to assassinate keep politics and members of the military this he says in order to raise the level of upheaval in
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venezuela. and that is that if you evidence the telephone analysis and interrogations and i produced this morning to capture petard conal. not only is a cruel it's fifty four years old wanted for attempted assassination treason instigating an uprising attacking military facilities. earlier had presented the opposition's plan for the nation a road map pretty good political stability. the first priority he said is to obtain urgently needed humanitarian aid and that could put the army and president in a dilemma. neighboring colombia and brazil are offering to send the transition government food and medicine immediately now now i mean in the next few days the next few weeks so it's up to the armed forces it's up to the military if they're going to allow that food and medicine to the cons of the border or if they're going
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to you know keep supporting the block so they're going to have to choose between their families and their leader or at least their what they call their presence. so far there are no signs that the military high command is planning to break with my little who insists that he's the victim of an imperialist could a ta. see in human al-jazeera got access. you're watching al-jazeera live from london much more still ahead for you as millions of people prepare to celebrate the new. it will tell you why the get of the hague might not be great for the chinese economy. and remembering a revolution thousands of iranians gathered to commemorate forty years of the zammit republic the man who founded it.
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and i bet the weather isn't quite quiet over the southeastern parts of china at the moment the temperatures are also not too bad it's up at sixteen degrees of course in hong kong up at twenty two as we head into sunday though we will see the clouds begin to thicken particularly in the north so for some of us in the who bay friends and across into the yang shoop province i think here they'll be a thick enough area of cloud to give us a few outbreaks of rain at times towards the west and for many of us here it is draw in fine but we all sing a little bit more clouds here over the eastern parts of india that's also affecting us in nepal that's given us a fair amount of snow but it's all moving away and so for most of us on saturday it should be a lot quieter than it has been the top temperature in katmandu of twenty degrees on twenty one if we head into sunday further south a bit more cloud here and that will give us a few showers i think most of those will be over parts of sri lanka there as we head across towards the west here in doha is fine twenty five degrees is our
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maximum temperature as we head through into sunday we will see the cloud work its way southwards and there's a chance of seeing a few outbreaks of rain the rain as usual should be heaviest over the other side of the gulf though so i think the wettest of the weather will be over parts of iran further south it should be fine for say muscat all temperature effect of around twenty six. in the next episode of science in the golden age i'll be exploring the contributions made by scholars during the medieval islamic period in the field of medicine. science to be a good subject to bring different people from all over to work together. to such a magical good the more. the more. i respect science in a golden age with professor jimmy.
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welcome back quick look at the top stories this hour now the united states is withdrawing from one of its main nuclear weapons agreements with russia saying the one nine hundred eighty seven intermediate range nuclear forces treaty has been consistently violated senior figures in turkey's ruling ak party of met the un human rights investigators looking into the murder of saudi journalist jamal khashoggi and six months on from the latest ebola virus outbreak in the democratic republic of congo world health organization says four hundred sixteen people have now been killed. now thousands of iranians have been visiting the mostly i'm of ayatollah ruhollah khomeini the founder of the islamic republic they've gathered to
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mark the fortieth anniversary of the one nine hundred seventy nine revolution that overthrew a centuries old dynasty same bus driver he has more from tehran. when the man who led iranian revolution toppled the king and ended centuries of empire was buried his final resting place was a humble empty plot next to a graveyard now the muzzle iyam of ayatollah ruhollah khomeini iran's first supreme leader serves as a symbol of the islamic republic its grand halls a reminder to visitors perhaps of the reverence he is owed as men and women young and old civilians and soldiers packed into khomeini shrine to commemorate forty years since his return from exile iran is going through one of its most challenging economic decline the government remains clear about who is to blame. and that he had got even america be damned it does whatever it can to break the power of islam like the many sanctions they've been hosed they're waging psychological war they
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want to make people pessimistic about islam they haven't achieved it so far and they never will. iranian leaders often speak of the one nine hundred seventy nine revolution as a living thing its mission and islamic ideals as perpetual usually for a political purpose forty years later the revolution that khomeini brought to iran continues to be a source of strength for iranian leaders who are the focus ideals to rally support for things like the foreign wars in which iran is currently engaged but leaders here also speak of it simultaneously by something fragile and precious that need to be protected against external threats with years of economic struggle has led many iranians to have more practical perspectives not ok and a lot of good education over the revolution has been beneficial i would try to change those of shows that don't think about the people and not one of the people those who live in luxury houses and off expensive cars the officials don't
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understand the difficulties of liverwurst and it came down to awful nice the economic situation is not good today we are under sanctions if the sanctions did not exist. it could have been better iranian leaders who came to power at the time of revolution still wield enormous power but what is happening inside the country stands to change the status quo more than any outside influence but as the old guard continues to promote decades old ideas as part of modern day politics iran's building economy chips away at government popularity. zero to her own. police in karachi have fired tear gas at protesters angry at the acquittal of a christian woman who was sentenced to death a blasphemy demonstrations have taken place in karachi and several other cities after pakistan's supreme court upheld a previous decision to release the a baby baby spent eight years on death row on charges of insulting the prophet mohammed as just a month left until u.s.
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tariffs on chinese goods will be increased to twenty five percent of the world's two largest economies can't reach a trade deal two days of negotiations have wrapped up in washington chinese traders have been hoping for a breakthrough as they prepare to celebrate the new new year but as our china correspondent adrian brown now reports the year of the pig is looking tough or godless of whether an agreement is reached or not. it's the world's biggest annual exodus when china becomes a nation in motion some of these travelers leaving beijing railway station face journeys of more than thirty hours but as people prepare for their biggest celebration of the year there's apprehension over the slowing economy and rare criticism about who people blame don't tell will buy the company say it's good but they're not doing it well she says good reports he seems to manage the higher ranks well but he doesn't seem to know how the people are actually doing. the
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rhythm of chinese new year is not for everyone. and manages a popular cuban dance studio in beijing she's decided not to travel to her family's home in northeast china this holiday partly it's because of the cost and partly because of the endless parental questions about why she's still single. second or people. remaining in their thirties like me some call the left the over spring festival probably means burden of pressure for them parents pester me to find a husband all year round not just to do. so and rather used to it or even simpler zoo is also used to smaller class sizes now as more people cut down on luxuries and that includes salsa classes. official figures show that consumer spending is
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remaining static while manufacturing output dropped for a second straight month in january the slowdown wasn't caused by china's trade war with the united states but it's making things worse. analysts say this is why president xi jinping is under pressure to make a trade deal with president donald trump as a prolonged dispute creates another risk he doesn't need right now. she is so worried that a few weeks ago he convened a seminar of high ranking party officials to discuss how to reduce the risks to china's economy the gathering lasted for days a measure perhaps of the seriousness of his concerns on monday chinese people here and around the world will begin celebrating the year of the pig traditionally the pig year is a lucky one the last time it was marked was twelve years ago when china was preparing to host the summer olympics and economic growth was a robust thirteen percent today it is less than half that. as china
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glides into the new lunar year there are predictions the economy will continue to cool in what's supposed to be a year the brings fortune to all adrian brown al-jazeera beijing to thailand now where the government has deployed drones trucks and small planes to spray water in the capital as it chokes under a cloud of smog schools across bangkok and been closed because the dangerously bad elec air quality but environmental activists are saying the government isn't doing enough when hassle. face masks have become a necessary fashion accessory in bangkok the thai capital and its people a choking and a heavy air pollution no no this makes me gravely concerned about my health every time i'm outside i feel i shouldn't breathe the air at all my heart the situation won't last long. i think the government should have better measures like car free days that would help reduce pollution causing the schools helps and offering
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discounts on public transport would also schools were ordered to close for two days but some here say the government's response has been slow and at times bizarre it spied water into the air and launched drones to spray water from the air i think your finger on combat being polluted if we bring. from many perfect be. it back is a p.r. spawn the government has defended its actions but doesn't seem to have a long term plan to fix the problem the bangkok administration has called for help from experts there are many causes of the pollution which is made worse at this time of year because of the still dry weather conditions farmers burn off their fields their respect tree pollution and of course bangkok's notorious traffic the city has a fleet of old diesel buses that emit smoke and fumes more rigorous testing of emissions has begun and the prime minister has even floated the idea of ordering
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diesel vehicles off the roads it's become a sensitive issue a thirty seven year old blogger was arrested and charged with violating the computer crimes act for writing that a woman had died because of the pollution the police say it was false and he could be jailed for up to five years wayne hay al jazeera bangkok. is celebrating football history the world cup have won their first major trophy beating favorites japan three one in the asian cup final the match took place against an uneasiness. of politics and sports the tournament was held in the united arab emirates one of the four countries that has imposed a blockade on cattle since june twenty seventh team. joins us live now from the fan zone in doha and against the backdrop of the politics the blockade this is a significant victory for kaesong just describe for us the atmosphere there and what this victory means the people that you've been speaking to.
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well marion people here as you can imagine are overcome with joy many of them i spoke to time and then when the final whistle was blown they said they couldn't believe that the team had managed to pull this off so well and they were very very proud of their team just to give you an idea there was a penalty shot taken in the second half or on the eighty second mark of the game and there was not a single sound made in the entire found zone as the qatari player took the shot making a final score three two one against many of the people wish they could have been in that stadium in the u.a.e. but of course given the political climate they chose not to attend they couldn't really get tickets either they said that they were supporting their team from qatar and they knew that this team was ready for this of course qatar is hosting the world cup in twenty twenty two this was seen as a great test for them to show what their people of this is
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a fairly strong team they've been together a very long time and just a few minutes ago the trophies are handed out the most valuable player of the entire tournament was named was a lead he has shattered all kinds of records in this entire tournament and scored nine goals in total in the seven games that qatar play and that record was held previously by iranian player with eight goals in an asian cup game so it's a very very big day for qatar and the players are coming back on saturday certainly champions and the france could now. i'll be more happy about that thank you very much with overnight as from the fan zone in doha dosage of bari. there's a quick look at the top stories this hour now you know i did states is withdrawing from one of its main nuclear weapons agreements with russia the one nine hundred
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eighty seven intermediate range nuclear forces treaty the us says russia has consistently violated the terms of the treaty which restricts short and medium range nuclear missiles we provided russia an ample window of time to mend its ways and for russia to honor its commitment to bar that time runs out russia has refused to take any steps to return real and verifiable compliance over these sixty days the united states will therefore suspend its obligations under the n f treaty effective february second we will provide russia and the other treaty parties with formal notice that the united states is withdrawing from the idea of treaty affective in six months pursuant to article fifteen of the tree senior figures in turkey's ruling ak party have met the un human rights investigators looking into the murder of saudi journalist jamal khashoggi they say agnus column much as their frustrations and fears that there won't be full justice for everyone suspected of involvement in the killing. the un refugee agency has called on the u.s.
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backed syrian democratic forces to help civilians access medical care after news that twenty nine refugee children had died of hypothermia in the past two months they've been asked to designate a transit site where people fleeing war in harsh winter conditions can get life saving a six months on from the latest about a virus outbreak in the democratic republic of congo the world health organization says four hundred sixty people have now been killed and seven hundred forty three confirmed cases have been spoken about since the virus returned last august making it the was outbreak in the nation's history. and the united states is ruling out immediate military action in venezuela but the national security adviser john bolton says that all options are still on the table the u.s. is publicly backing self appointed interim president on who has also been
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attempting to reach out to russia and china who have so far thrown that support behind president nicolas maduro you're up to date with all of our top stories science in a golden age starts now say without is there. modern high tech advances in medicine and health are of course the result of many centuries of development and experimentation much of which took place in the islam that quote between the ninth of fourteenth centuries a golden age of saw it during this time scholars in the stomach world made huge contributions to medicine and created
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a body of knowledge that was tremendously important and influential all round the world for many hundreds of years. which is professor of theoretical physics but born in baghdad i'll be exploring states of the art biomedical science and the covering the contribution made to the field of the skull was the golden age. it was during the islamic golden age that medicine started to be treated as a true science with emphasis on empirical evidence and repeatable procedures during
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that time medical books are written that became standard texts throughout the world for many hundreds of years come here to the hum of hospital in bellhop to see how the ideas of the stillness in the medieval to stomach world compare to our. modern medicine. the hospital's neonatal unit deals with premature newborn babies who are suffering from a variety of conditions it's the only one of its kind in qatar and babies are referred here from across the country all in all sit on our doors we probably have chose to seventeen to eighteen hundred babies and that amounts to about ten to eleven percent of the total birth that occurs in this hospital so it is by comparison one of the biggest units in the world we do look after babies who wore as small as twenty three or twenty four weeks just asian so if you're looking at a five months pregnancy autum on someone with pregnancy and that in itself is
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incredible i mean not that long ago twenty three twenty four we call just days and there's no way did survive it was a little and we've come a long way at this hospital there carrying out pioneering research to improve the treatment of babies born with neonatal and suppose that's is babies born with serious neurological damage because of a problem with oxygen or blood supply in the womb. the gold standard of treatment is putting these babies on a cooling mattress to try to reduce the temperature and limit the potential ongoing damage that could ensue in the brain however it does not really provide an appropriate success rate worldwide here we're trying a simple remedy that we believe has potential which is that addition of a drug called magnesium sulphate but it's never been tried in combination with the cooling. to improve the reliability of their research the hospitals using what we
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call a controlled burn some of the babies receive magnesium sulfate whereas a separate group the control group don't receive it this allows the hospital to compare fairly the effect. of the treatment with and without the drug. so this particular study is a double blind placebo control which means we are offering some of our babies a placebo or some or giving them magnesium sulphate we don't really know which are which otherwise i mean why the virus a little bit why it's exactly one thing that's of tremendous interest to me is that this idea of a control group actually goes all the way back over a thousand years to a persian physician by the name of a razi who who built the first hospitals in baghdad who was looking into the causes and treatments of meningitis and i believe he had not only his sample of patients
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but he had a control group to which he wasn't it minister in the treatment in one case it was blood letting you know isn't the way to treat meningitis but the idea of a control group goes all the way back to to iraq see this is actually one of the or most important components of research that we do how to control to try to to ensure that you know our studies come out as non-biased as possible to compare you know absolutely out of the. other ozzy was born in the city of ray to her on in the mid nineteenth century and he was an early proponents of applying a rigorous scientific approach to medicine during his distinguished career he served as chief physicians of hospitals in both ray and baghdad. in the early tenth century the ruling telling him back that defeat after razi where in the city he should build a new hospital so
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a rise he designed experiments he hung up around different locations to see how quickly they rotted and so determined the place with the cleanest air this was typical of a razi you have a problem you design an experiment to find the answer. during the golden age the dissection of human bodies was considered disrespectful but there was one group of people who knew quite a bit about anatomy butches albeit the anatomy of animals rather than humans. in the. world even though this is just a lamb's not a human all we can still see quite clearly the different compartments the different chain biz within the heart this isn't something very familiar to his physicians of the medieval age.
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in the seventeenth century william harvey famously carried out his groundbreaking research into the circulation of blood in the function of the heart but in nineteen twenty four an ancient document was discovered this was a text written by him in the fields the thirteenth century arab physicians in it he described the basics of pulmonary circulation how blood doesn't move across from one side of the heart to the other has to take the long way round around the body this four hundred years before harvey. building on the writings of physicians like in the next he said william harvey our understanding of the heart has continued to develop harefield hospital in the u.k. is part of the country's largest center for heart and lung disease there cutting edge treatments build on the work of professor mag. one of the world's leading
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heart specialists who set up the hospital's busy transplant unit and has received a knighthood in britain for his services to medicine the heart is such like a magical the more i learn about the more i respect it. the city goes on incessantly beating quietly maintaining life professor yet who is also interested in the history of medicine as part of a paper he commission for medical journal he's researched the life and work of in an effort. here we have a scholar. born in syria in the early part of the thirteenth century he was a policeman because he was studying he was. a theory or chair and here was a scientist's if you like he was a discoverer but arguably his most important contribution was his commentary on
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medicine in which he looked at how blood moves through the heart so this is the heart and you can see quite clearly the right ventricle and the left ventricle and these are two completely separate chambers the question has been. how does blood go from the right ventricle to the left and for. the centuries the accepted view had been that of the renowned greek physician galen galen said that blood passes directly between the rights and left ventricles of the heart through tiny holes in the septum the dividing wall that separates them from the feast was the first to challenge galen's view he established that there weren't any holes so they had to be another way for blood to pass from rights and left the contention of some persons to say that this place is porous it's beneath on the preconceived idea that the blood from the right ventricle has to pass
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through the process. and they are home. that's it he's quoted as saying that for somebody as young as this person at the time when he was twenty nine to have the courage to state such a thing it's absolutely remarkable galen said that there are holes in the septum. if you open the right ventricle and doing now it is solid there on no channels whatsoever even a few switches absolutely right. the fee stated that the blood must first pass through the lungs he said it mingled with air before it came back to the heart and was pumped around the body and now we know. the blog from the rides ventricle
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goes into the poem real tree is here goes around. comes back. in this poem on the even into the offensive so this is the primary circulation which comes here that is the discovery it's now obvious what it was and then. evelyn if he says description wasn't widely accepted at the time and it wasn't until his manuscript was rediscovered in the twentieth century it is work was universally recognized it's now part of the long history of medicine that continues to evolve today we have learnt a lot but the whole we have grant how to stop it how to restart how to replace it how to mend it that might cause a person or more. the journey continues. early
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hospitals did exist in the ninth century baghdad but these were different more than hospitals for the sick offering care but not much in the way of cure however hospitals as we recognize them today giving treatments and offering medicine for free they begin to appear around the empire in cities such as tyrone cordova and damascus. in order for these hospitals to provide care they needed a knowledge of medicines and surgery the most important work of the golden age was written by the great tenth century philosopher and physician it been seen or better known by his latin name at the center this is my personal copy of his great text the talent of medicine. the full work was a multi-volume group of techs that took on where the greeks left off physicians like galen and hypocrisy in this.

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