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tv   Weathering The Extremes  Al Jazeera  February 8, 2019 7:32pm-8:01pm +03

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recently reopened after a six million dollars for the patient thailand's princess who has to stand for election as prime minister as the candidate for a party close to the ousted former prime minister taxin should know what but her brother the king says it is inappropriate and violates the intent of the constitution were family traditionally stays out of six american media inquiries owns the national enquirer says it will investigate accusations of extortion of blackmail made against the paper by jeff bezos the world's richest man bezos who's the owner of amazon and the washington post says the tabloid threatened to publish intimate photos of him unless he dropped accusations that some of the enquirer supporting was politically motivated or right those are the latest headlines here on al-jazeera there's more news from us coming up in about twenty five minutes time stay with us though up next it's a christ like. the
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conditions for existence on earth a sustained by complex web of climatic processes. i mean all rains predictable seasons and consistent temperatures all allow life to flourish.
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but over reliance on fossil fuels is causing the delicate balance of our planet to shift. instances of extreme weather used to be rather but now deadly heat waves wildfires powerful floods hurricanes and droughts are becoming the norm . the question is no longer will they happen but when and how we can cope with them. i'm tony harris in kenya to explore a high tech solution that is helping her to survive on going to. a number who viewed in myanmar where drones are helping to protect coastal communities against extreme weather events. two years penya has been in the grip of a devastating drought amongst those worst affected are kenya over five million
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pastoring for whom finding fresh water and lush postulants is critical for the survival of their herds but something has been developed could something like this hold the key to getting heard is around the country through these difficult times. today and app called every scout is being launched in the town of. they'll be heard from all over the region who've come to learn more about the app and take that information back to their villages i'm interested to see what they make of the new technology. every scout is the brainchild of project concern international p.c.i. and committed to helping. nearly four thousand people around africa use it so far and today it's been officially rolled out in kenya. i mean. i think what. p.c.i. hopes to revolutionize how hurt is find water by using something eighty seven
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percent of kenyans already have in their pockets. a smartphone well. the app access is satellite maps which detailed the water conditions throughout kenya every ten days or. you could all see the fine there was so c.d.'s was not right or right using it had his conceit instantly we had to target migration and avoid using dry areas which need time to recuperate i. to find out more about how the app can help it is i'm off to southern kenya with some aside i have lost both huff their cattle.
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joshua and doesn't do it has been using coffee scout three months. joshua yes thank you so much allowing us to come to your home and join you today these are your animals yeah these are my animals is my father says it to me. is my. brother. is my it's a pleasure to meet you all so we're going to get started are we going to walk now or. we will. be. a bit wild when you go through that mena can possibly.
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as much as five hundred dollars that market even move. something that simple but it's really not. a good rhythm strength to make it. so when you have a drought like kenya is having now how does that affect your cattle. where they might get to. fifteen. big impact. is very. i mean i know today we're going to take a trip i'm hoping. that
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we'll be making. wow long way to go. are accustomed to booking as far as it takes to find good pasta. for months at a time.
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when the conditions. this is what. well i was moving on if. we tried to help. you. that's incredibly sad. so you had gone to try and look for water and pastures for the cows but the cow just couldn't make the journey and the cow just collapsed here yeah it was a big call. in the morning six. in the event so it was a real loss for you. and just it brings back home just the thought that it's such
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a difficult way of life because you have to keep on the move to find the water and to find the grazing lands but in order to move these animals use so much energy to go from one place to another so if you don't know where you're going and you're just trying your luck wherever you can it's incredibly hard for these animals. with almost fifty percent of his livestock already lost to drought it's even more pressing for joshua to keep his surviving cattle in good condition which means finding ample water doing the trick we have won't do the. point that it's somewhere here we needed. according to the app it's thirty kilometers from where the start. is a really popular place to come and drink someone else's book because. can we find a place under the tree maybe have a bit of a rest. so can we see this watering hole on the map
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is the model we can form this. way here you can see it somewhere here. knowing the location of the tempi water source like this could mean life or death for a hood. or you've got a weather was. nice it was a woman the app can make all this much simpler it's all about what you. don't allow you to. because at the moment when you need to look for water for your cattle what do you do you just go blind and so you think you might use it. and does it sound interesting does it something something you would use and you could. it's been ten hours and we're into what should be good postulate.
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this is. the morning. and we have on the way to carry we may be a. month so maybe i'm an honorary messiah maybe. numbers you can see the difference. yeah yeah it's so much better let's just do that so the cows will be able to stay here they'll have enough to eat they will stay here oh almost one month and then left there we shall see where i mean the rest of the news and more i've had a wonderful day for you so much i'm tired and i've had a wonderful story and i must thank you now we can move to the homestead because the sun is going to send a couple couple still then you've left. i could use one
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here. for her for the head as with access to satellite maps livestock mortality has nearly died since joshua has relied on i feel scout he hasn't lost any counts to child. rearing and to him he has been a real success. yeah well i'm the only one we don't know yet well then i'm having the. extreme weather events and now a regular occurrence around the world. scientists have found that human caused climate change is at the root of over two thirds of them the result is often human suffering. and twenty seventeen hundreds were left dead and many thousands homeless by our unusual weather conditions. the hurricane season in the caribbean caused
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unprecedented levels of destruction. devastating floods swept across southeast asia tornadoes hit the south of the u.s. and california was roasted by a heat wave. since two thousand and nine one person every second has been displaced by disaster. it's predicted that by twenty fifty they'll be two hundred million environmental migrants. what the country observed is people migrate temporarily and there was a short distance internally between their countries if there's a drought or an environmental stress you move you temporarily moved but then there's strategic spectrum and incentives and the reality the people come back with we might see in the future is permanent migration and longer distance cooperation you might see whole communities having to look right across their life people. it's
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are no longer there sustainable it might be an entire nation states that have to move. mangroves are among the most biodiverse habitats on the planet may play a vital role in the lives of coastal communities but these forests are facing the forestation thirty five percent of the world's mangroves of already been lost and here in the irrawaddy delta only sixteen percent which will cover is left and in myanmar where local innovative project is combining grassroots conservation state they are drawing technology to take mangrove regeneration to new heights. myanmar is vulnerable to cyclons which strike every few years in two thousand and
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eight the worst ever cycle nargis claimed more than one hundred thirty thousand lives. experts now believe that mangroves hold the key to saving thousands of lives and the next big storm hits. to find out how i've come to be a local coconut farmer who agreed to show me his mangrove forest. these are proper trees. the tallest man groups here reached twenty five meters and a sturdy forty centimeters in diameter the force was planted after a cycle in one nine hundred seventy five. these trees here did you plant them we had audio with. mark i mean.
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you can imagine these incredibly. violent storms that blew in here and you start to understand how these mature forth actually have the capacity to break that wind and stop some of that storm surge making its way into these settlements and farms and maybe some of the other farms where there's no mangroves do you know of any farms that suffer because of the storms. if you don't you eat that the dead line and look at it yeah oh my. god you know i got michigan yeah maybe here yeah i mean you got your. i mean i get up there so it's a protection yeah. so if mangroves is so effective at protecting against storms why if one million hecht is being cut down since one thousand nine hundred eighty eight leaving the population here unprotected.
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i'm meeting with a known and ecologists with thirty years' experience in forestry to find a. willing o.r.u. thanks for me that they are going to do it thanks so much. when heads the world few international foundations mangroves regeneration project here and i'm not. going. to get. the feet that come. with it if it is. that good.
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oh. wow. at the moment this segment grocery all over this mental condition is seriously degraded right in that cost eighty are sixty percent of the villages they don't have a million jobs they're trying to find out their money from there. and then they can come in three within that one hour while they can get money for their livelihood you know i understand so you're talking about really a negative feedback. yeah is this confluence of the environmental stresses and the economic stresses that has driving people into the mangrove yeah yeah i understand . shrimp and rice farming as well as charcoal production and strip myanmar of mangroves leaving it critically exposed. if action isn't taken soon the
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communities who live here in danger of being decimated by the next big storm. there are still trees yeah yeah there is this intrigue ok this is a war going to be ok from there to evolve in fifteen. when the hundred locals and systematically planted four hundred thousand seedlings by hand here in the last three years. that all the way through doesn't it yeah. yeah. but the job is far from complete ok so we've come right into the thick of it here all that work that we can here in the background that's a lot of chopping and preparing of the ground before three hundred thousand seedlings or more are going to go into this mine so it sounds like there's a lot of hard work going on so we should maybe go on try and lend a hand. so can you tell me
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a you tube are you from this area you know i know there are all of them are literally. i don't even know buying it all loaded i'm on old d. you don't seem. to hold. me as indeed it is my way more lethal you feel some way you're. giving something back when you know i lose i get out on. you know on the glory of cold while you do yeah you lied to google that anomaly we've. got all my d.v.d. b.b. and t. they've been married he got well i would say not will be able to all. who my. mom of the dollar. you know. i'm yeah i understand you show me how to do i am a complete know of it just. can't. get it
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get the hang of it i feel it's all about the angles to get. just like that. the team of thirty five thousand hectares of coastline to plant. the racing to do it before the next big cycle that. this is an incredibly complex ecosystem but we're looking at you as an ecologist it must be incredibly challenging. to move towards restoration to win this turn to the latest technology. business. we're trying to. make the plant the find room and they are they working today they. don't want him to be here. today the
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oxford based team of scientists will be testing with their double triple and quadruple coke to droom confining seven thousand seats in an hour it is still continue edge to stand back. and reena for the rink who heads up the project. so as this have been the mood for anything like this you know of no two thousand knowledge we are definitely the first one and it's going to be our largest experiment is it just we can have a look at one of the poets to stick it to get a sense of what you were actually dealing with here so what is what is inside this they're made from by the great evil plastic and all nature of material and society also while you have local science and you have local minerals and natural materials it looks like we're nearly there i just saw a green light you're. ok. i
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don't. feel. the test would be successful if one shot into the ground. imbedded in the soil deep enough for growth to occur it works the team returned in a few months time to time twenty full believe. that is. i have never seen it from a guy before yeah. the drone has a preprogramed flight path to see to penetrate the soil the chance of each of these pods becoming a tree is greater than if planted by nature or hand because the depth will be moving system to it goes. down and the team are happy the seeds are in the ground and it's time for nature to take its course i was just thinking inside this thing i mean it's there's so much more than
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just seeds it's insta future it's a but then szell to save a life because it's to live in a shield they protect people from the ocean they protect people from tsunami from here against and we have to do it now and we have to do it at the massive scale because from today to maybe six not months from now maybe one year from now is maximum we will have a growing shield already so if the cycle hits next year people here will be protected and when you when you put it like that you know all of a sudden something so small can seem very significant indeed so i'm actually going to put that back in the ground where we found. the scientist test is finished. but for women his team is just the beginning. they wanted to the seeds progress carefully. and fall goes to plan many more trees
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will be planted by drone here in the near future helping to see good the coast from extreme weather. all over the world people are having to adapt to unpredictable climate and weather patterns. in canada west sea ice has become dangerously then a scheme is providing real time measurements of ice thickness to local communities . this data reveals which routes to safe to travel and which are knowledge. meanwhile in los angeles where extreme drought has become the norm. ninety six million shade balloons have been put into the l.a. reservoir to help reduce evaporation rates. these projects
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show the level of innovation that communities are using to protect themselves against increasingly volatile weather. but the question remains are these long term solutions or are they just masking the real problem. with the most people in the world food production is under increasing strain to keep pace with a growing global population al-jazeera is environmental solutions program discovers new ways of feeding the world sustainably folksong eighty thousand just on this bit of liquid that's unbelievable and see there's the vegetable of the civil right there. for thought on al jazeera.
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february on al-jazeera we investigate the toxic legacy of south africa's mining industry and examine exactly what is hiding beneath old is toxic waste africa's largest democracy heads to the polls join us for live coverage as nigeria books al-jazeera world showcase is the best of the networks documentaries with powerful untold stories from the middle east and north africa as cubans are set to vote on the possible changes to the constitution what impact will the outcome have on the country the world sunny day witness visits ghana and sweden where communities polarized by mining towns questions the heritage february on al-jazeera. on
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counting the cost digital divisions why hof the world's population risks missing out on the next evolution of the internet from russia with interest kremlin backed investments in venezuela are all about plus a report from senegal's current see control to see counting the cost on the. mole. ready to go humanitarian aid from the us arrives in colombia waiting for delivery to the venezuelan people. elephant oh how everyone on come out santa maria and this is the world news from al-jazeera it is decision day the white house must respond to congress by the end of friday on whether to sanction saudi officials over the murder of jamal khashoggi also a fire went to brazil's most successful football clubs killed ten.


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