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tv   NEWSHOUR  Al Jazeera  February 11, 2019 2:00am-3:00am +03

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form the continent. my focus is on the opportunity. of the human capital here in africa that if the right things are done with the young people in terms of health and education that there's a very bright future for the continent there's a lot of great examples here who've done an amazing job getting their primary health care system working and you know no reason why that can't be done in in all fifty four countries. has more now on the african union summit in addison about. the opening session was addressed by president gammy of rwanda the outgoing african union chair and also the incoming african union chair president el-sisi of egypt both as well interestingly the second vice chair of the african union is felix just to carry the new president of the democratic republic of congo he spoke as well and this is of some significance he was announced the winner of a disputed election in congo he was announced the winner just
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a few weeks ago last month in january those results will widely disputed initially the african union cast doubt on the credibility of that election the congo refused to budge he didn't agree to a recount and now felix just because he's here has spoken to the opening session of african leaders that's widely going to be seen as an endorsement by many people as a failure of the african union to address the questions over congress december election. in bangkok where the countdown is on to the first election since two thousand and fourteen we look at whether the new government will be able to resist a military crackdown on free speech. over
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the next couple of sweeping across iraq into iran over towards afghanistan some rather lively was recently. and. we've had ninety nine millimeters of light in twenty four hours that the south was in these was as we go through monday. just around to run for example. cue weights that will produce some flooding wet weather extending its way right across. into that western side of iraq broad skies do come back in behind but on the chilly side for beirut fifteen sixteen degrees over the next couple of days should be largely dry that the west the weather look at that ready gathers it makes its way across iraq pushes over towards afghanistan bright skies to come back in behind kuwait city and baghdad eighteen degrees celsius that cool weather weather will make its way across northern sections of the gulf here in doha we could see some rain over the next couple days so that's something to watch out for for russians up as we go
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through each is day watches guys come back you know mckean winces with the dust and wet weather too across southern parts of africa particular around the eastern cape . and. just. as venezuela is on the brink. with two men facing off for power. one of the self-proclaimed interim venezuelan leader. tweaks to al-jazeera.
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they're watching al-jazeera reminder of our top stories this hour venezuela's opposition leader has taken part in a religious ceremony in caracas he says he will look at using volunteers to open new age or stay in the country in defiance of the government which is refusing to let a. kurdish led forces backed by the united states are trying to push eisold from its last pocket of territory in eastern syria the offensive by the syrian democratic forces is focused on the village of blood goes near the border with iraq and african leaders are meeting in the capital for their annual summits this year's seem in addis ababa is refugees and internally displaced people african union leaders will also focus on the unrest in sudan and upcoming elections in nigeria
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and senegal. the talks to avert another u.s. government shutdown have reportedly stole president donald trump agreed last month to end the partial government shutdown with a three week spending deal but disputes between democrats and republicans over immigrant detentions have led to an impasse. in washington heidi the talks have sold what does that mean are we looking at another shutdown fully and right now the indications are that one may not be averted on february fifteenth which is the deadline the current impasse according to members of the negotiating committee is this issue about detention space republicans want more detention beds to more quickly deport people who have caught been caught crossing the border illegally and democrats are opposed to that that's the current hurdle as negotiations continue over the weekend in the with a goal of presenting to congress
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a deal to consider by monday but the bigger problem looming over all of this still comes down to funding for trump's proposed border wall he famously wants more than five billion dollars to fund that wall and now according to negotiations it appears that democrats will offer no more than two billion so the question is will the president come down from his five billion demand for a compromise his white house chief of staff make mulvaney said this earlier in the day. let's say for sake of this discussion that the democrats prevail and the hardcore left wing democrats prevail it was a democrat congresswoman who put out a yesterday about zero dollars for d h s so let's say that the hardcore left wing of the democrat party prevails in this negotiation and they put a bill on the president's desk with see zero money for the wall or eight hundred million some absurdly low number how does he sign that he cannot in good faith sign that it takes a presidential signature i'm sure in spending bill that can you imagine senate
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republicans would go along with a proposal like that are you that skeptical of senate republican i don't think so but yes my question is the shutdown entirely off the table the answer is no so heidi even if the democrats and republicans agree on a plan are we sure that the president will sign it. there's so far no indication if he will or will not he's stayed largely out of these negotiations publicly but he did notably tweet just a few minutes ago implying that the blame for any shutdown of the work to happen would be on those democratic negotiators and that is the last thing that americans want to hear that a shutdown may just be a few more days down the road because the last one that lasted thirty five days was painful for federal workers who did not get paid and a great inconvenience for americans some of which had their flights canceled because of the lack of federal security workers and traffic control staff to man and man those offices which are federal jobs what it comes down to also for trump
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is that this last shutdown was costly politically because polling shows that most americans blamed him for the shutdown and his approval ratings have crashed since then now the president will be back on the border in texas in the city of el paso tomorrow to host an other campaign style rally in which he's expected to again try to press the american public to support his agenda of building the border wall that last strategy when he tried it last time around fizzled and really convince many americans to support the wall however he is expected to try again and if he again fails there's still that one last option for trump which is to declare a national emergency which would in essence allow the president to come and commandeer the funds to build the border wall but members of his own party in his close advisors have cautioned trump against that saying that it may be perceived as
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a power grab that's detrimental to his hopes for reelection fully thank you for that high these are costs are in washington for us. a journalist who has been a vocal critic of pakistan's government has been arrested outside his home in lahore raised one son says his father was beaten by officers as they took him away on saturday police say he's being investigated for posting defamatory content on social media journalists in pakistan say they're working in an increasingly hostile climate under prime minister iran khan the government denies it's unfairly targeting the media. in sudan government prosecutors have admitted for the first time that a protester died in custody after being tortured a schoolteacher was detained during demonstrations against the government of president bashir his death has caused widespread anger and condemnation for some khartoum. people in the town of hashmi is from sudan came out like one family for the funeral of the school teacher but the fear he died while
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being tortured by members of the state security after he took part in our take government demonstrations. and he died in custody members of security killed it wasn't a really good health when he left home. cook. ahmed's friend who was arrested with him said he saw him while being beaten. he lay on me like this off today knocked him down you continue to move sideways from pain and say i are after a while he was completely still the security guard tried to wake him up by tapping his jeans i told him this man is dead he said let all of you die for your revolution but then i uncovered his body and started inspecting his neck because it was swollen i couldn't tell if it was broken but the marks of torture were very clear on that. for several days so then the security forces continued to hide the
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truth claiming died of an illness. zoe his family were invited to see his body they were sure that no violations were committed and that he had not been tortured. but that the count turned out to be a lie officials conducted an autopsy to determine the exact cause of death the prosecution has found the death of this person to be the result of several wounds inflicted on him those responsible should face trial according to the law. but taking the perpetrators to justice may prove difficult so that the security forces usually refuse to let their members be tried in civilian courts and the belated confession has not satisfied family or the protesters his death has turned into a public course and the rallying cry for more protests and anger against the government of president omar bashir. in his hometown ahmed's
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family is still trying to make sense of the loss silence dominates the school where he was teaching his students are unable to get over the shock. of video was made to remember his life. it talks about the value of the schoolteacher to humanity and denounces ahmed's the as equivalent to the killing of the future of an entire nation. and dizzy a call to. when voters in thailand head to the polls next month many will be hoping for an outcome that needs to improve human rights particularly free speech the military has run the country since the coup in two thousand and fourteen and since then it's been working harder to silence critics of the time or arche jailing hundreds of people when he has a report from bangkok. seeking justice and says
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a small group gathered outside the office of the thai prime minister in bangkok and they risked a wrist to demand an investigation into the murder of two critics of the military government and monarchy and the disappearance of another they went missing from neighboring laos and in december the bodies of two of them were found in the mekong river teil thora to say they had nothing to do with the murders all of these cases create a fear among people like people are afraid to express their views and opinions especially about establishment such as the monarchy no one dares to do anything even to demand the rights of the dead. some york was arrested before the coup and spent seven years in jail for criticizing the royal family in articles published in his magazine and i mean you know he says when he was released last year he found that human rights had to rewrite to dramatically under military rule inspiring him to continue fighting for democracy and free speech the government has used several laws to try to stifle dissent charging people with sedition or violating the
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computer crimes act or things they're posted online and after the coup there was a surge in the number of people charged with insulting the monarchy. if the military has also used less overt tactics like harassment to silence critics for the past ten years the hosts of this web show have divided thailand's politicians since the coup the being summoned by soldiers and continue to be watched closely. angry. this and of intimidation and during these time. until now may still. come in the form of like information officer. on my twitter account on my facebook or. my instagram or my wife you know why i'm well confident the election and the reintroduction of opposition voices to parliament will help ease restrictions but others on sure anything will
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change because of a constitution that allows for an elected senate is and even an appointed prime minister. in the near future is still hopeless fertile and we should brace for more chaos and conflict because i don't think the civilian government will be fooled. until it is those whose voices haven't being silenced say they'll continue to use their woods and actions to push for change as thailand begins another ripper sewed up what's to be learned political story wayne hay al jazeera bangkok. a british newspaper says a politically connected not being firm pitched a plan to have the twenty twenty two well kept in qatar canceled the guardian reports that lynton crosby an australian political strategies who has long words for the u.k.'s conservative party offered to get the tenement awarded to another country in return for the seven million dollars project ball focused on efforts to deal legitimize the qatari government and put pressure on fever to restart the well
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bidding process. thousands of people have taken to the streets since brains capital against prime minister federal sanchez have been calling for tougher measures on catalonia campaign to split from spain the protests follow sanjay say he will appoint iraq to tour to join talks to ease political tension with catalonia demonstrators say he is surrendering to pressure from separatists and in hungary thousands of people have been protesting indeed a pest awad prime minister viktor orban held his annual state of the nation address from the far right to the left opposition parties and civil society groups have been showing unity against the so-called slave law the law that was approved in parliament in december increases the amount of extra hours employers can demand while delaying overtime payments the reforms of it to all band solution to a labor shortage and greece population is aging and many of its citizens have gone
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to work abroad protesters say they're not only protesting the labor law but also hungry slide from democracy the government's increasing control of the media the judiciary and universities that tell you lucy child is the latest from best. this bridge is a meeting point and the people are all are ready gathering in some places in budapest and they will march towards this bridge later the four o'clock her oppositional parties will organize another protests after the prime minister's speech people are unsatisfied with the new labor law they're very angry day a call it a slavery law because an employer by that law can ask from employees to work for one hundred extra hours without being paid immediately or they can be paid but in a three year delay there are also people here are unsatisfied with the freedom house report from a few days ago when their report hungary is not
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a free country anymore is now it to dropped on the least and it's partially a free country and it's a part of partially a free country because they say democracy is in threat to human rights are entrapped and the media is not free as it was a few years ago. play again i'm fully back to go with the headlines on al-jazeera venezuela's opposition leader one guy doe has taken part in a religious ceremony in caracas he says he will look at using volunteers to open new aid into the country in defiance of the government. if you look at it i understand that they want to block the aid because that's what a victimizer does it makes them seem almost genocidal by their actions they're
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killing venezuelans killing children who are protesting killing fernando abandon opposition lawmaker i understand that they would want to deny this and not allowing the humanitarian aid the regime should know it this is a crime against humanity gentlemen of the armed forces. kurdish led forces bonds by the united states are trying to push eyes so from its last pocket a territory any since syria events of my syrian democratic forces is focused on the village of by ghouls near the border with iran. african leaders are meeting in ethiopia's capital for their annual summits this is seem in is refugees and internally displaced people african union leaders will also focus on the unrest in sudan in upcoming elections in nigeria and senegal talks were virt another u.s. government shutdown have reportedly sold president donald trump agreed last month to end a partial shutdown with a three week spending deal but disputes between democrats and republicans over immigrant detentions have led to an impasse thousands of people have been
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demonstrating in spain's capital against prime minister federal sanchez they are calling for tougher measures against as known as campaign to split from spain the protests follow sanchez saying he will appoint a rapper toure to join talks to east political tension with catalonia demonstrators say he is surrendering to pressure from separatists and a british newspaper says a politically connected lobbying firm pitched a plan to have the twenty twenty two world cup in qatar cancelled the guardian reports that linton cost me an australian political strategists who has long works for the u.k.'s conservative party offered to get the tenement awarded to another country in return for seven million dollars projects ball as it's known focus on efforts to deliver to my eyes the qatari government and put pressure on to restart the world cup bidding process. you're up to date with the headlines here on al-jazeera coming up next it's inside story to stay with us.
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i really feel liberated as a journalist. going to. that's because. african leaders are in ethiopia for their annual african union summit and this is the most refugees and displaced people of the continent faces challenges including conflict and poverty so will the aid you find and cannot reform itself this is inside story.
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welcome to the program. the african union was created to harness a sense of unity and to tackle common problems but it's face criticism that it doesn't do enough to protect its citizens from conflict and corruption the age has declared twenty nine t. in the year of refugees return these and internally displaced persons with the goal of finding what it calls durable solutions to the vast problem so with that in mind leaders from fifty five countries across the continent are in the ethiopian capital for their annual summit on sunday egypt's president of the c.c. will take over as chairman and the international warns that has tenure could undermine the use commitments to protecting human rights we'll bring in our guests in a moment but first malcolm webb sets up a discussion from addus ababa. here at the african union in ethiopia's capital
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addis ababa african leaders they do to discuss the plight of refugees and displaced people across the continent the more than twenty million people in africa who've been forced from their homes that includes and lee displaced people and also a refugees those who've crossed borders into neighboring countries while some are able to set up new lives many more are stuck in camps where conditions are squalid they depend on humanitarian aid often there's a shortage of food in many cases people aren't free to move around their host countries also some of those camps are very safe people are at risk from armed groups or from the security agencies of the governments involved in the conflicts from where they fled as the states are meant to talk about if that was the theme for the year ahead here at the african union is not likely to result in any kind of binding agreement that africa's displaced people probably aren't going to get anything concrete out of this summit anytime soon african union doesn't have
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a particularly strong track record in preventing or intervening in the conflict and the political crises that cause people to flee their homes in the first place but among the other things that are expected to be discussed by leaders here are the recent disputed elections in the democratic republic of congo and also the implementation of the october peace agreement for south sudan between rebels and the government malcolm webb the inside story. well let's take a look at some of the numbers from the u.n. now africa has more than twenty six percent of the world's refugee population it had an estimated six point three million refugees and fourteen point five million internally displaced people of the end of twenty seventeen that number increase last year with one hundred seventy thousand new refugees and more than two million newly displaced people there are more refugees from south sudan than anywhere else in africa and uganda sudan and ethiopia are among the top ten refugee hosting
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countries in the world it's. thank. you. well over to the panel now joining us from nairobi is a k n a executive director of the pan african citizens network joining us on skype from cape town as researcher at the institute for global dialogue that's a south african think tank and in london we have michael are more visiting fellow at the fellow's largely center for africa at the london school of economics a very warm welcome to all of you miss. it is the theme of this year's african union summit so how serious is the african union about looking after refugees i don't think the african union is a serious as it could be about looking after refugees we have had refugee protocol since the sixty's and yet over the years rather than improve refugee protection.
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to protection seems to have gotten worse there was a time where there was a pride in hosting. africa's refugees there was a price there was a pride in hosting people who had to flee from their countries it was considered as a call after x. or an african ism but lately refugees are kept stranded in camps for tens of years you know how decayed and this is just unacceptable there is no move by. african countries to integrate refugees and to ensure that they are able to live lives of dignity and this night what do you think about that has protection for refugees actually decreased in the previous decades and is this summit with the same of refugees and internally displaced people a good start. to address that i think what my colleague nairobi has pointed out
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is definitely an acute sense of the problem i think the challenge for the african union in terms of trying to move forward on what has become a critical policy issue for the continent in terms of protection of refugee rights protection of internally displaced persons as well as individuals who are fleeing for for a variety of reasons i think that haven't been managed to keep a kind of a sense of trying to keep having a balance with it because i think what has happened over the years is that the protection of refugees and the so-called individuals who are fleeing because of a variety of systemic risk that they feel in their home countries i think they feel more vulnerable as well in refugee camps or internally displaced persons camps and so forth and i think on that in that context what happens is that there hasn't been a kind of balance with regard to where the e.u. wants to see policy and what is the implementation of strategy at the national
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level by sovereign states and i think the challenge for the e.u. in going forward is trying to have a continental policy that can be implemented by member states which hasn't necessarily been taken up so we do have for example i think. the idea of putting it onto the agenda making it a theme of the summit really interesting important however i think the challenge with you is that. the way in which this has been playing out in the continent hasn't necessarily kept up to see. in hall national governments of report have actually implement this and i think it also creates another dilemma for the you and that is what is the absorptive capacity of the host countries like uganda and so forth and i think that's the bigger challenge and then the final point i want to make is that you know you can't separate the questions around with reforming and moving the humanitarian part of it out of the political commission into the social
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economic commission of the e.u. doesn't address the problem i think it's much more systemic and much more systematic sure and before we talk you know more about the systematic reasons for internally displaced people and for refugees i do want to bring michael imo and now on the points that both of you have been making mr elmore do you think that this summit can achieve this pan african you know continental policy towards refugees and internally displaced people and get the fifty five nations to adopt whatever it is they come up with that's lot of unity required i think that the most important thing to do is to try and address or tackle the key course or the fundamental cause of conflicts and for that matter of displacement in the first place. the main course of conflict and displacement on the continent is
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to do with heads of state staying there for longer than necessary and so long as you've got heads of state extending their presidential term limits and being there for a long time conflicts will not cease and displacement will not cease and i think that the moment of the african union is considering the e.u. reform only situation or reform it will be a key time to perhaps look at ways and means of being able to tackle this for example i mean generally most heads of state would not want to be sanctioned on that so you probably are thinking of getting the consent of or heads of state and government to erect a new superstructure body over and above head office heads of state that would have monday tree powers to do with extensions to presidential limits you have and i think that new superstruct a body may be able to sort this out i can see both miss i can and miss knight who
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wanting to come in on this. kind of what would you like to say i mean how realistic is it to implement sort of presidential term limits on national governments from an international body in a continent where as mr imus said extending presidential rule is very common and is one of the key reasons for conflicts on the continent. i agree that this is important but i don't think we need necessarily a super structure i think the african union already has the tools with which it can use to bring a country back into. the real name of democracy and governance the african chatter on democracy elections and governance gives a very good. blueprint which the african union should be able to use for
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countries that engage in what is called unconstitutional change of government and that requires that any country that changes or doesn't change it. with leadership. in a manner that respects a culture of democracy should have functions well and then again. have in the past is that blueprint working and if it's not how much of a reason is that all the conflicts that we're seeing across the continent and then the displacement of people the internally displaced people and refugees. well the blueprint works and they wanted to work i mean we saw very well when you tried to extend his term limits despite the fact that he lost elections we saw echo us which is the which has primacy in terms of dealing with situations of peace and security on the country and in the west african region we saw echo us take
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a very firm stand particularly president marcos out and he thought endorsement of his actions by the african union and the u.n. and he successfully managed to stop. me from continuing to to to to hold power unconstitutionally but then we look at the other side of the continent and we see burundi and that is that again community completely failing to be able to sort out the crisis the political crisis in burundi and so i think it works when they wanted to work it doesn't work when the there just don't have the commitment to making it work i do what do you make of what mr armor said you know how much of a problem behind you know the cause of refugees and internally displaced people is the president's actually staying on for too long on the continent and if a superstructure is not the answer then you know then what is to address the underlying issues which cause internally displaced people and refugees. i mean i
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think you got to understand and i agree with my colleagues that you've got to understand what are the root causes i mean causation of why the conflicts take place and there's a number of reasons for this it's political it's political that that that leads to social economic it's basically power struggles and i think we can also ignore the fact that climate change has a particular. effect as well in terms of how it impacts on people but i think the first to be the political the social and economic and of course you know linked into that is different just different issues around culture religion as well i think you can ignore that now the challenge for the african union as my colleague in nairobi had rightly pointed out as well in london is that how do you deal with this is it is it another superstructure i don't think is another superstructure but what is what is being picked on here what needs to be developed in terms of how to go forward is the regional economic bodies the regional economic communities equal has played a critical role as my colleague said in the context of yeah i met i think said it
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played didn't play such a role in the context of what happened in the the r c a a you came in and tried to say that there was some challenge to be election results there but of course that kind of went into a difference a different spin and i think this is the critical that mention for the you cannot achieve this in a unilateral way can't go out and say i'm going to do this i'm going to do that it has to get the regional economic bodies to work and if the reason economic bodies can adopt a particular kind of blueprint around the african charter on democracy elections human rights etc and integrate that into their protocols get that to be something that's critically adopted and utilize that as a kind of alignment to the process i think we'll start to see much more around that and african philosophy come into effect you're talking about democracy and human rights so i want to actually talk about the incoming chairman of the african union on sunday egyptian president. didn't fattah el-sisi is going to chair the summit
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and rights group amnesty international says it's worried about the potential impact on the independence of human rights groups it's highlighted what it calls catastrophic declines and rights and freedoms in egypt on the presidency sees leadership saying that mass killings of protesters folks disappearances and unfair trials have increased in recent he is the african union suspended egypt's membership for a year in two thousand and thirteen after a c.c. led a military coup against the democratically elected president mohamed morsi let me bring in michael more now on the man that's going to be you know chairing the african union as off sunday is he the person to chair the african union given his record of human rights violations. well first of all the main reason why president c.c.
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is now the chair is actually because the chair retakes regionally and it's the third of north africa well if you look at north africa. libya is in trouble at the moment the president of tunisia is ninety three years old or dear and president is terminally ill and merkel has only just been brought back into the e.u. and that leaves egypt as the most likely. head of state to take it out and maybe that explains why cissy is now the chair that said there you have to try a choice a system whereby all those. presidents if you the chair you have the pinout to make. the incumbent and the incoming chair all acting together presidency is not going to be left on his own to go of time then to do something strange he is going to be managed carefully by the agenda which congress has left behind which really is about the continental trade system about peace and security
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and basically toeing the line as to where the he wants to go so we are aware that presidency has a very bad human rights record ok but he slogan was left on his own to go of president to do anything about a strange ok well we talk a lot now about. what needs to be done policy wise and also the causes of conflict on the continent but i do want to focus more on the refugees now and the internally displaced people and this i can let me bring you in because whereas we do focus a lot on refugees and rightly so and there are actually many more as we mentioned internally displaced people than there are refugees and they internally displaced people are actually the groups who are most at risk why is that. well because they tend to be forgotten i think. they're more they tend to be more invisible they are. within
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a country and the you have a. outdated policy of respecting the borders of a particular country and respecting the countries of rain ity and that sometimes names that when there's conflicts within that country and that there are people who are playing their own governments they get forgotten they get lost in the politics of of rain ity if you'll allow me elizabeth a little quicker knock around egypt chairperson ship oh and the african union i think it is something that will be of concern to all of us from civil society you have rightly pointed out the concerns around egypt's human rights record but we have seen egypt also make threats against the african human rights system and lead threats to the african commission on human and people's rights and that is worrying
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and that is what we're going to see more of in this year of egypt's leadership. i think it's something. the troika system is near and it is a cause for concern if the chairperson of the african union is not a country or a government that it has to the coppens of poles of the african union and why it was established including issues of human rights and government to the issue of internally displaced persons and why they are most vulnerable. i think also another reason could be that the refugee convention has been around a lot longer i.d.p. one is recent and many countries not only haven't ratified it but also haven't domesticated the provisions all. the i.d.p. convention so a lot of countries do not have concrete macan isms for dealing with i.d.p.'s they don't have the structures and they don't have the resources as they do with with
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refugees there's a system called for yam. accepting refugees for accepting people who seek asylum is a process sometimes mikey but a lot of times there's a clear procedure to which. refugees are registered and become visible and are known and right because they guy was international just all as they had life insurance that. people can't of course do that i'd like to bring in on that very good point again you know refugees cross international borders internally displaced people don't and does the african union does it have a legal framework to address that very specific issue. i'm not hundred percent sure on the legal framework side but i do think that there are protocols and there procedures need to be our need to incorporate that so in the context of you know defining a refugee and then defining and i d p i think what happens generally is that people
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that are internally displaced i think they are in a more acute situation than refugees you find that the refugees are able to claim asylum and so forth but at the institute there are structures that we that we need that the e.u. needs to strengthen it particularly in terms of data collection and how data collection is done in the context of the legal framework as well as the policy and other instruments that it needs to implement and key and align to its framework around the refugee i.d.p.'s and return it's because i think data that that comes from countries is very limited there's a lot of dearth and a weakness of data from different countries and of course morocco when it rejoined the e.u. you know if it was one of the countries are put forward or has the proposal or has the platform ok the african observatory for migration and i think that is about collecting data there's also the regional office there's also other instruments and
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other. so-called frameworks that need to question want to basically ally in and correlate with each other and i think that's the key driver for the e.u. as well is if it has the information then you can actually start using it instruments in a much more productive in a much more pressure on and so on the issue of egypt i just want to make this point i think show been very kind of a little i don't have long left in the program and i would like to give mr elmore one last question. all of egypt i think it's going to be a very contested chairmanship i think you're going to have egypt that as much as you want to look and see how it aligns to the philosophy of a renewed you and you around the issues of human rights except it's going to be a very difficult one to achieve but i think egypt is also about regaining its position in africa versus the arab microbe union and how it wants to position
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itself around those geo political dimensions as well mr elmore both miss i can and must do more skeptical of the egyptian leadership of the african union the egyptian chairmanship rather of the african union we have about one minute left in the program and i would like to give you the last word how can the age you do better now in protecting refugees and internally displaced people despite having abdel fattah el-sisi as the chairman. our friend our brings us to the point about what sort of situation a structure can actually do with heads of state who are behaving and it is quite important to have some sort of higher level superstructure i am sure they'll be able to address the early warning systems are as displacements and such as extended presidencies or at mr elmore thank you very much for that and i want to thank all of our guests for this very interesting discussion that is i ching in nairobi
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solution i do in cape town and michael in london and thank you too for watching you can see the program again any time by visiting our website al-jazeera dot com and for further discussion do go to our facebook page that's facebook dot com forward slash a.j. inside story you can also join the conversation on twitter i handle this at a.j. inside story from elizabeth random and the entire team here in doha thank you very much for watching and bye for now. it's forty years since ayatollah khomeini returned from exile to lead
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al-jazeera where every your. read on line is that there were three quid to the leadership for them we've not got that or if you join us on sat all of us have been colonized in some form or some fashion this is a dialogue we are talking about a legal front you have seen what it can do to somebody people using multiple drugs including the funnel and some people are seeking it out everyone has a voice from that your boss your twitter and you could be on the three join the global conversation on how to zero. everything you do is being animal it's being leaked and it's being measured to support intelligence agencies all tossed to do things in secret that are of little or politically embarrassing all of the colleagues that i knew chose to retire from the n.s.a. we could not stand by and see all the work that they had done being used for mass
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surveillance digital dissidents on al-jazeera. al-jazeera where every. this is. fully back to go this is a news our live from i had courses in doha coming up in the next sixty minutes the united states and russia for rival resolutions on how to seoul venezuela's political crisis. israel says it will implement a controversial new law that will cost palestinians millions of dollars it's also
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the south african leaders begin their summit in ethiopia without an agenda focusing on refugees and health issues and i'm leah harding with all your sport as lindsey vonn races for the last time and her glittering career at the ski world championships in sweden that and more coming up later in the program. thank you for joining as the u.s. is seeking to foresee issue of aid delivery to venezuela using a u.n. security council rise. solution there's deadlock over a consignment of aid that remain stuck at the border with colombia present nicolas maduro has accused the us of using aid as a political tool to destabilize his government meanwhile venezuela's opposition leader one wydow has been taking part in a religious ceremony in caracas he has declared himself interim leader of venezuela
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and dozens of countries around the world have since endorsed him says he will look at using volunteers to open new aid routes into venezuela in defiance of the government he is accusing those brok ing aid as being almost genocide. i understand that they want to block the aid because that's what the victimizer does it makes them seem almost genocidal by their actions they're killing venezuelans killing children who are protesting killing fernando abandon opposition lawmaker i understand that they would want to deny this and not allowing the humanitarian aid the regime should know it this is a crime against humanity gentlemen of the armed forces his al-jazeera serious suborn now with more now from caracas. one way the one members of you up with this shit are getting ready for a week of what expected to be intense protests they're already calling for some groups to demonstrate on monday a massive demonstration in other parts of the country on tuesday other protests
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from one state the idea is to pressure the government to allow them to get aid into the country we already know that some aid is arriving medicines and food to the border between venezuela and bolivia some type of other aid is also expected to try to enter the country between the border on brazil and venezuela and why the effect today also that some aid could be i gather it out from caribbean island with the help of the motherland but it's not clear we child is going to take place what we know is that many in venezuela are in desperate need there are shortages of food because of the prices mostly people cannot afford some of the basic items because of hyperinflation changing prices are changing from one minute to be other there's also an enormous sure you get off of medicines were in a hospital a few days ago where babies are dying because of lack of proper medicine to treat diarrhea for example so the situation is dire here but the government is saying
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that valid aid of being used politically by the opposition who's going man being oppressed and precedent. for free and general elections for now. that elections are won't be happening in venezuela any time soon. sounds speak to francesco rollkur who is the president of the international federation of the red cross he is live from caracas thank you very much for speaking to us as you've heard there's been a lot of talk about aids being politicized in venezuela explain to us first how the process of requesting and receiving aid usually works who asks you for instance to send aid into venezuela. exactly here. and he's very huge here the situation extremely polarized and even the humanitarian aid of troops which should be something absolutely needs to be. something that is
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a big reason of. course we are ready to. go we are ready. and many people in desperate need of everything so it is important to have understanding about what does it mean to be you money and which is that you money on the ground tell us what the current aid me precisely in venezuela how much is needed and way isn't needed. even to find. but even basic diseases or diseases here people he's dying in the western country he's ready. to be treated and this is something that. we have to find
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a solution. something that we exactly don't know there are a lot of number but even if you if you if you stay if you accept a number. of very very high number of people. this currently a first shipment of aid which is. going to be. enough to help the people in need. this is something that. is the one that has been very very. honestly i don't know what is inside the boxes he's not. allowed to enter in the county honestly i don't want to speak about. the red cross family the red cross but. without any any any relation with.
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how does precisely this. being politicized how does it make your work as a humanitarian challenging does it make it challenging. we don't care we only want. something that. and what do the
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people needs right now tell us more about the current. to get aid in finally what would be the priority for you what would you try to get people to right away. he. made the scene. i did it is i did is they did talk via priority and nutritional of course because they're not the consequences of the lack of nutrition these are. the health problems i saw these are the two top priorities but if you ask me for me help a day's day's a point nice and not that said i want to see. children dying for a for diseases that can be treated. as well and so this is something that must be fixed immediately thank you so much for speaking to us francesco rocha is the president of the international federation of the red cross joining us there live from caracas thank you very much for your time. now partially loaded
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oil tanker from saudi arabia meanwhile is due to arrive in venezuela in the next twenty four hours the vessel can carry up to two million barrels of oil oil shipments between the two countries are extremely rare oil and energy consultant talking earlier told us what the tanker could be carrying they have their own light oil fields but maybe not enough to provide the mixture to for the little rico bora area or for the already norco built so these are the provinces within. heavy oil and extra heavy oil and the operations vary and again i repeat that the fact that they could get used to get night oil from the united states now they could get it from somebody else my guess at the beginning was that maybe it is saudi the carrier is bringing extra light oil from saudi arabia in anticipation of the u.s. sanctions that had its transition to buy it from the. in other world news kurdish led forces backed by the us are trying to push from its last pocket of territory in
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eastern syria twenty thousand civilians have been evacuated from the area held by the armed group but hundreds is still thought to be inside the offensive right the syrian democratic forces is focused on the village of beigels near the border with iraq iran conry for some of the turkey syria border. it's being called the final battle against isis caliphate that is underway in burgos village eastern syria the kurdish led syrian democratic forces or s.d.f. has the backing of american air power the s.d.f. say they surrounded the villages in the early hours of sunday morning defeated nice a counterattack and now are inside the village come on does a confident that this will be isis last stand. this battle will be sealed in the next coming days. most of the terrorists and backers a foreigner in the last two months most two hundred cells in were arrested they were foreigners. there are varying numbers according to civilians who are leaving
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by tuesday maybe around a thousand civilians in between five hundred and six hundred terrorists so that means that maybe close to two thousand or three thousand civilians. eisel once controlled large parts of syria and iraq but a concerted campaign by regional and international forces has forced them back to a small area around the village of booze while s.d.f. military commanders are promoting this as the end of the eisel many experts believe the group will continue to pose a threat president trump has been very clear to say that this is to kill off it that is being destroyed not isis to terrorist groups which will continue to survive and as we know isis members have fled to yemen to libya nigeria they're there they're scattered about the middle east but of course this is the we believe there are several thousand left scattered around iraq in syria and many of them are foreign fighters. but humanitarian challenges will continue long after the fighting
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ends around twenty thousand people have been forced from their homes ahead of this old on booze including the families of eisel fighters they'll join thousands more in refugee camps where conditions are dire due to chronic shortages of food and medicines much of the country's infrastructure is in ruins and these people won't know when they'll be allowed to return home it's likely the ice will fighters will fight until the bitter end in any reading of ice and propaganda suggests that they are going to fight until the last man however this battle is far from over and the next coming days will be decisive among current al-jazeera doesn't it israel's prime minister says he intends to introduce a controversial new law within a week it's known as.

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