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tv   Counting the Cost 2019 Ep 7  Al Jazeera  February 16, 2019 1:32am-2:01am +03

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and anything sustainability perspective i started playing around with i started using enough variety of different ways that i can feel like man this has legs and so i just go ahead and yeah go ahead and and as you would regular pasta smells fantastic right you go. there is very good we're going to actually see this kind of ocean farming have a significant impact on ocean cleanup on climate change you need we need you know we need to eat loads of this stuff we need to get you know what he got to do as a customer if i suppose across from a doorway that people start asking for and then let brand figure out. how to mass produce results from my that's not my department my goal is if they like it. i've done my bit. but changes of food here in new haven and three d. farming is that hard. i mean we've got to tell
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a story you know hopeful story about the future right you know it's all bad news about climate change and food signon security stuff like that but i think out here we can say arrow things are a blank slate in this search chance to really build something new and build some from the bottom up that is sustainable restorative and doesn't make all the mistakes of industrial agriculture and thus industrial agriculture. it's estimated that each week we lose an area the size of manhattan as a result of intensive over farming. nearly one third of the planet's land is severely degraded and agriculture is largely to blame. if we don't act fast the un projects the world has only sixty years of harvest. but there are glimmers of hope. seemingly barren landscapes can hide an underground forest of living tree stumps roots and seeds in africa a technique called farmer managed natural regeneration is nurturing this hidden
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vegetation to bring fertility back to damaged land developed an asiatic and is now used by farmers across the continent it uses restore it of methods such as selective pruning and thinning of shrubs to stimulate rapid growth leading to taller stronger trees and healthier soils. over farms lands once prone to soil erosion deserts vacation and drought a coming back to life. so far around seventy million hectares of land have been revived improving the food security and livelihoods of communities across africa. the african union has stipulated that a further one hundred million hectares of degraded land must be restored by twenty thirty. a seminar is one of the techniques being used to achieve this.
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over the past century meat consumption has risen dramatically a growing and more affluent population wants more and more of it and industrialized farming has made it a staple. by twenty fifty global appetites are set to more than double which is environmentally unsustainable of scientists have come up with a breakthrough solution to the problem which means in the future the meat we see here won't come from the farm but from a laboratory. and. its place is hopping through really busy in there and it's not even news people are serious about their me. and i ask you where you're trying to find it you fell for this thing my husband friday to know that this trade actually it's hard to deny the good every friday was friday a rifle shot carrying the whole five m. to the. how much street would you say you guys go through in
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a week or. every year. let's take. you back a little bit that's like a whole noah's ark ten years serving up everywhere. on average britons get through eighty four kilos a week per person per year and it isn't just an eat at home treat at corrigan's in mayfair they cater to a mainly meat eating clientele. how important would you say meat is to the menu. and if this manner in which the trends keep changing there's always going to be some even. something that you could you imagine and rare day where you're facing in need that was grown in a laboratory and that master barbecue. i find it hard to believe our unique selling point would be gone on their feet like this getting it from the farm here to the
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customer is what we're all about. for me what is appealing about the lab grown option is that no animals are killed and it takes up less environmental space and there's less of an impact on the waterways of the land and i feel like that could kind of maybe offer sort of an alternative to this demand that isn't diminishing what do you think about that like you eat it and try and. are trying to sell it to consumer i think here it is it's really hard to. i can understand even skepticism but lab grown meat is already a reality and it's only a matter of time different reaches the public in two thousand and thirteen dr mark pasta and his team at the university of maastricht in holland made headline news when they proved it was possible to meet with a single cow muscle sample. if you like conventional amber and now the race is on with scientists competing to be the first to create
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a lab grown burger to market to the masses. i've come to the university of maastricht in holland where dr pasta has agreed to talk me through how they make cultured meat. morning hillary i remark to read here mark in his colleagues are one of a number of teams around the world who are searching for a way to scale up production of lab grown meat if they succeed the environmental impact could be enormous the ruminants they have to use for the multi. things where they basically back here in their stomach from it and in that from intuition process methane gets released that's affecting global warming and climate change is actually very powerful the house can see it's twenty times more powerful than c o two. so yeah and livestock is accountable for forty percent of wall methane emissions. the impact of farming cattle on climate change
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is so significant that some experts believe giving up beef reduces our carbon footprint more than giving up cars. but how do you get a hamburger from a test. so this is a small. piece of muscle taken from with a biopsy with a needle biopsy this is taken. half an hour ago from what's the next step then once you do the exception that the stem cells in a muscle are just sitting there waiting to repair the tissue when it's injury to the muscle fibers or. then still says stem cells come in then they start to pull it through forming new muscle tissue that's what they do in the body so what we're doing right now is. every single muscle fiber so that the stem
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cells kind of think well there's an injury here we need to start coming out and start to pull that helps a multiply everything into thinking they need to repair a part of the body right so out of the small extraction that we've taken how many patties does everything grow. you thousand eighty thousand burger patties just from this bit of liquid right that's unbelievable the tissue is then placed into a blender before an enzyme is added to break it down even further into individual muscle fibers so by maximizing how much you break down the tissue and encourage the cells to multiply you're getting more product out of that bit of liquid. once broken down further and fed a special culturing solution the cells are placed in an incubator so the conditions in here replicating the conditions inside the cow right exact temperature temperature. everything. in the warmth
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they will begin to multiply and once there are enough cells they're taken out and grouped together where they automatically contract to form tissue. in the moment i've been waiting for actually seeing a tangible. well i'll tell you one time he said yes. so this is this is the end result where you have the individual fibers so this is about four hundred of those fibers entire hamburgers about ten thousand i mean that wherever statements made one day that's absolutely man and grown purely in a lab this is. this is pure meat though mark and his colleagues have proved that the science works the challenge for his team and others all around the world is producing cultured meat in a cost effective way. i'm hoping peter vers trademarks business partner can offer some thoughts on who. i'd be the first to get this product to supermarket shelves.
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and they're going to be so if you know me thanks for the initial breakthrough has really happened in the lab here but the idea is really taken off in the us and silicon valley where all the tech startups are and there seems to be a space race to get this product on the shelves what's going on over there and how does that compete with what's happening here well to be honest we don't exactly know what's going on there we know that a lot of money invested monies go into words several companies and they all sort of have to say tentative timing with respect to them going to the market as we have being that in a couple of years the first initial small introduction in the market over a product will have. it was going to be the first we want to see. there's no question the future of meat will be different for all of us but if i'm honest i'm not sure what i think about eating meat grown in a lab and i suspect that i'm not alone. on i follow them very i
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placed a wreath there work of course van men's ford announced to them based artist is determined to get us to confront our discomfort starting with the future forward cookbook. not every fish and yet is a month yet its forty five recipes you cannot get so all these dishes they are specifically made to start a conversation i hope it will familiarize more people with this new technology so that it's less scary and it will facilitate a conversation around it so that we can make better choices on which what we actually want when i see a classic evolve in there as an iranian the quantum. needs in vitro kabob it has its own bio incubator so basically this will be growing infinitely it's interesting when i when i think of the barber and my culture i mean the slaughter of the animal and the preparation of the for the whole
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ritual is such a big part of different cultures that i think it might be really hard to sort of separate that spirit absolutely yes and we can only do it if we place it with new kinds of rituals or behavior such as have new meaning as well course expects that within the next ten years we will all be confronted by lab grown meat on our plates in readiness of that he's taking reservations at an unusual restaurant. is this an actual restaurant that you go there or is it at all i wonder how does it work it's called in vitro. right now it's only an online restaurant and we serve food for thought because. if you want to take reservations from two thousand and twenty eight what you do if pick a star for main course and dessert this form is for more korean people. because in korea is headed for eating life octopus and this is
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something similar but other than completely synthetic and did. what it does doesn't have a celebrity justice and you just want to pay their bills not who you are no yet from april yet we have room it will two thousand and twenty nine we'll got something for my birthday. ok i think your book of yours you need to know who doesn't really know . across the world's large scale food production increases demands on natural resources and leads to habitat loss but there are ways to reduce these the facts. in costa rica tree planting to create living fences reversing the deforestation once caused by cattle ranching absorbing c o two and fixing the soil around the ranch. was to cut out the mixing of a naturally occurring fungus with the local soil has enabled plants to absorb water
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more efficiently reducing the pressure on staff water supply. and in cameroon instead of large monoculture cocoa plantations the planting i mixed your fruit trees leaving natural forests untapped increasing diversity and providing regular income. changes like these however low tech a vital if we are to feed our growing population in ways that also say god the planet's. whether it's cute and cuddly in australia wild and ferocious in bangladesh earthrise redresses the balance between endangered wildlife and the noisy neighbors . that. forests right there and there's nothing between how you have it that and
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the human habitat learning to live together on al-jazeera how many people here have seen a tiger but they can. relate. the two thousand mile trip across europe seems impossible. as the boat comes route begins to close for refugee it has become a race against time for one syrian family. it's a perilous journey from greece to germany but there's no turning back to the ravages of war left at home. sky and ground a witness documentary on al-jazeera. when the news breaks
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a few minutes ago we were able to hear a huge explosion fifty people are still missing when people who need to be hurt and the story needs to be told we need to invest in development and you can best in making sure the people on the left behind al-jazeera has teens on the ground join us for this historic step in american politics to bring you more award winning documentaries and life moves on and online. i'm going to be signing a. national emergency donald trump takes drastic action to bypass the u.s. congress and get his six billion dollar border war with mexico. alone has of sake of this is and is there are live from doha also coming up. the
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trickle presentation they are attempting the twenty third will not happen venezuela's president nicolas maduro tells c.n.n. he won't let us aid into his country. india promises a crushing response to an attack in indian administered kashmir it blames on pakistan. spain's prime minister calls a general election for the end of april the third in less than four years. u.s. president donald trump is declaring a national emergency to get funds for his border war with mexico and bypass congress the move will free up six billion dollars to build the wall which was signature campaign promise congress approved a bill to keep the government funded late on thursday without the war money he wanted we're going to be signing today
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and registry national emergency and it's a great thing to do because we have an invasion of drugs invasion of gangs invasion of people and it's not acceptable our white house correspondent kimberly how he joins us live now from there so kimberly as he had threatened to do many times now he has now declared this as a national emergency to get this funding for his much promised border war but this fight now goes to another level that doesn't because of this announcement. yeah we're not going to see one fight we're going to see many fights we're going to see it on two different tracks first in the u.s. congress the second in the courts with respect to congress already we know that the democratic opposition there led in the house of representatives by nancy pelosi the top good democrat speaker of the house releasing
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a statement in the last hour calling the president's declaration and i'm a lawful emergency declaration of a crisis that does not exist it's a power grab by a disappointed president given the fact that he did not get the funding for his border wall from congress he is he had hoped congress will defend our constitutional authority in congress and in the courts using every remedy available and then she goes on to suggest that she call on republican colleagues she joined us to defend the constitution this is where things will get interesting in congress because one body the house of representatives controlled by democrats the other the senate controlled by republicans and republicans will have a tough choice in challenging the president will they defy him or will they go along with this a lot of republicans certainly support the border wall but not necessarily the means that the president has got about getting that finally funding namely to circumvent congress by declaring a national emergency and what's the u.s. public saying about all of this particularly given that the government shutdown
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that went on for thirty five days which was also over. yeah the public is pretty divided on the wall but where there is less division is on this declaration of national emergency so when we talked about the congressional chat track for challenging we're also going to see this in the courts we've seen already two different public advocacy groups and the list is growing of the court challenges that they're potentially going to be launched what we heard from one group called public citizen is that they see this is an unconstitutional attempt to circumvent congress and a legal declaration of national emergency to build a racist wall against the express intention of congress what many people are referring to is a tweet that donald trump put out february tenth just a few days ago where he was quoting some gallup poll numbers essentially saying that open borders would protect a tract forty two latin americans this would be disastrous for the united states we
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need a wall now the concern being that this is racially motivated many people feeling that this is just much more than a power grab but an attempt to keep out certain individuals based on their origin and their country of origin so they're going to be broad challenges in regards to this there's also a concern of kind of a creeping imperial presidency we've been seeing it in the past two presidencies but this many people believe has now gone to the next level all right kimberly thanks for that committee how kids in washington force so there is no federal definition of what qualifies as a national emergency in the united states but a declaration does give the president special and far reaching powers have to go in explains. it was the longest government shutdown in history brought on by us president donald trump in hopes of getting funding for a wall on the southern border by. eight hundred thousand federal workers went
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without pay trash piled up at the national parks and important government work like giving farmers loans didn't get done so president trump balt he reopen the government saying he wanted to give congress time to come up with a compromise now that it looks like they won't give him his wall after all he's making the unprecedented move of declaring a national emergency which allows him to take money the congress voted to spend on other things and diverted to build the wall it's a move he has long hinted at the president says some fairly also. this is where. fifty eight times presidents have declared a national emergency but it's almost always a target foreign countries like iran or south africa for apartheid or haiti after a coup. it has been used in other ways to combat the h one n one flu pandemic and after the attacks on nine eleven but it is never been used to get around congress which under the constitution has the sole power to spend the government's money
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democrats had hinted at a likely legal challenge but there are a lot and a. lot of constitutional. mostly having the courts decide could take years chris adelson wrote a book about this law and he says there is another way in theory members of congress if they believe that this is a contrived emergency which it pretty clearly is. even some republicans are saying that they would take a vote on legislation to reject that finding and repudiate the murder scene basically cancel out what the president has done and we are building a wall on the southern border which is absolutely necessary this was a key campaign promise of the trumka. in pain. he promised mexico would pay for it they are not so now he's taking this unprecedented move to try and make it happen but it's far from certain this will
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work or that his promised wall will ever be built patty klein al-jazeera washington . in an interview with venezuela's president has accused the u.s. of trying to destabilize his country nicolas maduro says he'll block plans by the opposition backed by the u.s. to bring in aid next week will do it also criticize european nations for supporting u.s. military intervention in the past. i think that some europeans made a mistake when they supported the american war in iraq can you ask any of the coalition countries was it necessary to intervene militarily in iraq and divide it and kill millions of its people i think they also made a mistake when they bombed libya and killed more than one hundred thousand civilians can these areas be corrected i think they made mistakes in their destructive policy approach in syria and making more mistakes with venezuela.
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this does not happen and will not happen any material that comes from outside the country must be subject to certain conditions such as inspection and taxes as in all countries whether by. and then there will be no problems there for the trickle presentation they're attempting on february twenty third will not happen. after conducting a dialogue with the opposition in the dominican republic we agreed to hold the yearly presidential election in the first four months of last year after which part of the opposition withdrew and did not sign the agreement and eventually it was agreed on may twentieth these elections were conducted according to the law and the constitution and with international and local observers ten million voters participated in the elections and eighty six percent of the voters voted for me
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therefore the interim legislative elections were done and anything else is just whims and attempts to destabilize the country from the white house. iran is when a supreme court has ruled the opposition appointed oil oil executives must face criminal prosecution it is the latest move in a tussle for control of venezuela's oil revenues newman reports from caracas. in the capital of the country with the world's largest fossil fuel reserves practically everything you see was built with oil money and now that money along with and as well as oil production has been reduced to a trickle. last month the us blocked the transfer of dividends from citgo the state oil companies us subsidiary its crown jewel. said go represents about seventy percent of in as well as hard currency a government that is already experiencing an unmanageable fiscal deficit and a suddenly deprived of seventy percent of its income and
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a government when no one who lend it money is simply economically unviable. that's the point of the u.s. sanctions to strangle than israel economically to force president nicholas mother little out. we had a large shipment of medicines to last the country through a year and a large battle for all materials for food the count was frozen the contracts were cancelled and the money. they suffocate us steal our money and then say hold on to the scrum and put on a show for the world venezuela with dignity since no to the global show. and now to add insult to injury the opposition controlled legislature has named a new board of directors to take over the u.s. based company. citgo operates refineries and supplies some fifty five hundred petrol stations in twenty nine u.s. states. and israel
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a supreme court which is loyal to president nicolas maduro issued a rapid response. this is yet another assault by the national assembly which has been declared a more full accused of it as well as most vital resource its decision regarding p.b.s. say a constitutionally protected company void and have no legal effect the judge also ordered the extradition of the board members named by the national assembly to trumpet ministrations prepares to announce yes war sanctions aimed at further tightening the economic news on president of the sea and human got access are still ahead on our new zero skipping school to save the planet the growing youth movement and raising awareness of climate change. again this time arranging an interview with. the unsung heroes being celebrated at this year's birth in film festival.

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