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tv   Kosovo A Year Of Fear And Hope  Al Jazeera  February 24, 2019 1:32am-2:01am +03

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vote counting is started in most polls have closed the nigerians delayed presidential and parliamentary elections mohamedou bihari is seeking a second term his main rival for more than seventy other candidates is the former vice president. sudan's main opposition party says protesters will keep up their campaign against the president after he declared a state of emergency late on friday omar al bashir is also appointed six new ministers and eighteen new state governors all of whom have a military or security background those are your headlines coming up next on al-jazeera it's rewind kossovo a year of fear and hope my colleagues in the hall will have more news in half an hour and i'll see you tomorrow thanks for watching by. we understand the differences. and the similarities of cultures across the world
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so no matter how you take it al-jazeera will bring you the news and current affairs that matter to al-jazeera. i am. it was a it. hello welcome again to rewind i'm fully back to book since al jazeera english launched more than a decade ago with built up an incredible library of award winning films here on rewind where revisiting some of the best of them and finding out what's happened since ten years ago kosovo sandwiched between serbia and albania on the balkan
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peninsula declared itself independent and independence held the promise of a new beginning after a bloody war had ravaged the country at the end of the one nine hundred ninety s. in the months following the emergence of this new nation al-jazeera correspondent bonamy phillips traveled to the village of barrack of all where ethnic said he and sewed fled during the war where returning to make a new life alongside their albanian neighbors from two thousand and eight he is bonobo film about one villages attempt to forge an inclusive and peaceful future course of all a year of fear and hope. this is western kosovo and behind me you can see the village of but. it's just a small place but what makes it so unusual in kosovo is that in late two thousand and seven a handful of serb families who had run away during the war decided to come back
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here that makes but one of the very few communities in kosovo where ethnic albanians and ethnic serbs live side by side as neighbors we decided to follow two families in one albanian and once throughout this historic year in kosovo our idea was to see what the prospects of two communities living in peace in a land which has been divided for so long by hatred and war. as you can hear fell apart in the night the main lease. on moved into courts of. the suppressed k.l.a. guerrillas fighting for independence for the majority albanian population to. many albanians splayed into neighboring countries a desperate exodus fueled by atrocities carried out by sea troops.
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marched nine hundred ninety nine nature began yugoslav to stop the persecution of albanians. nato succeeded in forcing serb troops out but failed to protect civilians. now they suffered ethnic cleansing at the hands of albanians some one hundred thousand fled from costs of the province which is regarded as their spiritual home slipped out of belgrade control. if nine years have passed. it's february two thousand and eight and salva band yak is one of the serbs who's come back to rebuild his old life in the village of birth of for salva and his wife lupica
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a new start after years of demoralising exile in southern serbia. we only got here two months ago within was in ruins and overgrown with weeds we have to start a life from zero which is very difficult so far we haven't had any problems without enables. for the time being. with us. program. but solve those children could see no future in this ruined village and decided not to come back with him to kosovo. returning serbs are mainly old mainly men. they've just heard that cos of those ethnic albanian. will declare independence from serbia in the coming days they wore this being as bizarre as it is no matter how hard they're trying to take
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it away from us we are staying i haven't stolen anything from anyone this is mine and mine alone it's all i have. on the other side of the village and of course of those divine. is an ethnic albanian working the land a verdict of over thirty years a tough life because even afford to send his children to school but he believes independents will change everything if. they're bored. god willing it will be soon things will change for the better. we waited one hundred years for this and. so how did he and his family feel about serbs coming back to the village what.
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they've come back to their property lines that have done something wrong will not come back and they don't come back but the ones who have returned have done nothing wrong so i'm not going to harm them they will be in their homes and we will be in our homes so everything is normal. the declaration of independence by cost of us government was accompanied by an eruption of joy. in the capital at the sculpture spells out the word new born the ethnic albanian crowd saw this as the tryout the culmination of a long the bloody struggle against the serbs. it was still dark seeing the next day and saying thank you to the americans and europeans who would back their independence. celebrations took place across cos a band would give an illusion his family a camera so they could keep
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a video diary this year hear his children joy in the street dances in a small town. and back at home or. even lose his grandson was allowed to raise a glass to the new era. it's so obvious that it's going to be better the president is good europe is going to help us america are going to help the countries that are with us are strong. we also lost family to keep a video diary. they saw no reason to celebrate on the day of independence but played cards at home hoping there would be no trouble in vain as it turned out was a was a reaction david belgrade not cos of there.
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was. a huge crowd protested the declaration of independence. anger and humiliation whipped up by prime minister costa needs. soon often. hundreds attack the american embassy. in kosovo that celebrated american friendship here they vented their new you read towards the west which they believed would help steal their sacred cos about. bakken but salvato and his brother. have bore down to earth and. planting crops for the first time since they came home they fill this important job with its noise and be a right of a mechanized plowing machine
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a gift from foreign dodos of the cost but government it should make farming easier but trouble is brewing again. this time in a nearby. west supposed to independence attack u.n. and nato peacekeepers with grenades and dogs at the end of this chaotic day one soldier had died many dozens were injured. but the peacekeepers are reluctant to use force against the serbs call supposed future in the back. but. these are still happy days. off family filled this gathering over the easter holiday. most ethnic albanians in kosovo are normally muslim but here in weston many
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a catholic like lucian his family. back in but lucian saw those seem to be getting on well it looks like it might end the beginning of a tentative friendship they speak together in serbian as speaker. over there. they're now partners in this new venture intended to lift out of poverty three a pig farm just opened. a part time jobs here again the fall responded by the cost of government and foreign aid groups and the pig farm seems to be a catalyst bringing. together. of course this brings us closer we can communicate with them and they can communicate with us because we work together. weeks later in early may
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serbs elected a new governor. the nationalist prime minister. confronting the west over kosovo looking for another term. when the results came out in galbraith a surprising victory for pro western democrats led by president boris tadic which the democrats also rejected calls have been independence but getting serbia into the view is their priority. for the celebrations went on into the night this result reduce. tension across the board that. summer in the village of but over the ruins of serb houses destroyed in the war ugly reminders of what went wrong here not so long ago. but next to them new houses
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for the serbs who are trickling back the cost of a government has helped build that it says it's committed to a multi-ethnic society where serbs are welcome. oh no more but there is a growing serb community and. and in june salvato and his family feel this ceremony they call this day spouse of marking the ascension of christ in the orthodox calendar. by tradition the serbs gather at the site of a ruined orthodox church just as they did before the. pick goes on all day. has plenty of drink and old folk songs of courtship and love a day that folded them together and strengthened their feelings but but is where they belong. in july
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news from belgrade resonated across europe the bosnian serb leader and war crimes suspect rather than carriage was courts after years in hiding this is how he disguised himself. there were protests against his arrest but they were contained maybe this was the final angry spasm of serbian nationalism. by the end of september salvo has reason to be satisfied the first crop of peppers since the serbs returned is a good one. and he's been led to a car by a nearby serbian street giving him the freedom to drive across kosovo if he feels safe doing so today he's going to the nearby town of cleaned up. had been attacked by albanians even since the war and those from his way money problems so
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far we've had no problems whatsoever neither with people nor with the police thing is not money however what you have are most of our license plates which helps to spot as i'm concerned with drive all the way to pristina if you want to. know where any possible. shopping in cleaver solver was treated politely by albanians but subs say they're worried about their safety in this town and they dare not go to bars. they're not all over the world they're in burke of zero salvato film this delivery of free grain from the serbian government. it shows how belgrade tries to keep the loyalty of serbs who live in kosovo giving them aid the serbian government undermines cost of those independence . by big november it's kosovo's albanians who are part.
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of the very same prestigious streets where that celebrated nine months before they reject a plan from the u.n. secretary general ban ki moon which will allow serbia to retain power over parts of kosovo. but there's a deeper frustration here that independence has not changed their lives in the way that homes that cost of those government has let them down. there have been changes we are now independence with a constitution of we are making new laws to european standards donors have promised us one point two billion euros that's why people today are more optimistic and hopeful about the future certainly there will be difficulties but we will make progress. but like so many costs been albanians lucian his
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son did not yet see that progress. by the end of the year things are going badly at the peak farm donors have pulled out lose doubts it can survive. back home he looks after his own light stock and wonders how to find paid work optimism has turned so quickly to disillusionment. course. there's so much corruption you can't even imagine the top officials are taking everything for themselves opening up businesses like restaurants and petrol stations and we've been abandoned. and for the first time i sensed resentment from this family towards the serbs in the village itself scum of. reverse worthwhile goal for both of women for i can't blame the serbs they have nothing to do with this we mind our own business but the truth is that they have
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been held more than we have. they robbed hours they killed us they burned our homes and now they've come back and the authorities have built them you homes. they lived comfortably in the past and now we are left helpless no one comes to help asses. both the service of a finding life easy many still depend on social security and help from their neighbors but there's also a determination to stay on and possible to enormous who are to this what i don't know it's been said look to me it means that it's ours and nobody else's my grandfather and my great grandfather were born here this land has been ours for two hundred years and nobody can take that away just like that.
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this is the last bit of home videos. it shows his neighbors gathered in his living room it's hard to know if there is a future for this community. and here's the last bill we received from the family enjoying their time together and for one night at least be getting back frustrated. at least here in the declaration of independence. and life carried on pretty much as before in fact perhaps what is most striking is how much in common. they both mistrust politicians in distant citizens frustrated at slow economic development and corruption and perhaps above
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all they share a common desire to carry on living here peacefully on the land they consider their home. throughout the year and we saw that they did confrontation. but we also saw they live largely separate lines. with their own religions customs and language. to. one little village. not likely to change but maybe. that was a year of fear and hope since independence back in two thousand and eight life has been tough for the young state with major players like russia china and crucially next door serbia refusing to recognize its independence but how have the villages.
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braved the winter snow to go back and find out. this was my return to kosovo on. the little village of bucketfull in the depths of a cold winter a return to a place which i got to know well in two thousand and eight following an albanian families who are neighbors i've not been back since i've been treated know what's changed when i left this village ten years ago the family were apprehensive about their future even physically worried about their safety the albanians well they hoped that cost of those independence would be the answer to their problems that it would help make them rich one decade on i've come back to find out what happened to those hopes and dreams many of the old server houses still lying ruins sad reminders of an ugly. but when i visited sappho and his wife lubyanka i found
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them in good spirits more relaxed more comfortable feeling more permanent in their presence. was the father the. the net now or now when the brits should look older so you. know islam is with their courts or more mature than them on their money or program is a million. doesn't appear to be the big number but they will not do so no. and yet this community is precarious several of the older people i met in two thousand and eight have died very few young half are timed mr to sail to see called . for the full story also bernie wanted to. ride in the track more to the moment. which a model for the story doesn't really get it's perceptible for its simple this is
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how. nice it was a good deal of do or do not really. syrian tale symbolism in the bill and though there was a look at all those an inordinately years that it. was that we are. more and more of them. and yet all is not well in back of the pick farming business that salva and his albanian neighbor louche worked on together collapsed an albanian family moved into the property. what's keeping young serbs away from here is not fear as in the past but a lack of jobs and those economic frustrations i felt very strongly on the albanian side to. loose seems happy to see me but he's still a small time farmer still wishing he could afford
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a tractor still hoping for regular paid employment. to move north into third poor. for good because of those who are going to go who. knows it all about. the music the meaning of the pool was supposed to look were. going to fall for him is a civil war thoughtful in the fifty's yourself if. you go from zero four to biggleswade leaders when. the most. lucian printers family has grown they have ten grandchildren with the level on the way two of their daughters live in western europe they depend on their remittances like so many families in kosovo. printer describes relations with the serbs exactly as she did ten years ago. up and.
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down. without. you know what it is. all up again in the atlantic and want to know. the complaints i've heard here about corruption lack of jobs reflect what people across costs of a disappointment that independence has not transform people's lives. what i found is that in one sense the village of but is working serbs and albanians live in peace but in other ways this village is not so exceptional after all it could have been a lot of cooperation for a cause of or in fact the two communities leads parallel lives even as they share this land they live apart. or that's it for this week if you want to catch up with the rest of the films in the series you can find them on the rewind page on the al-jazeera website but for now until next
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time good bye thanks on. the carpet.
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dude is being. measured. and it's not just i phones that i mean most of these days we are in a state. did something that was. good rather take the risks of.
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