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tv   Mandela and de Klerk  Al Jazeera  February 26, 2019 4:00am-5:01am +03

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the risks of democracy to the risks of. digital dissidents on al-jazeera. a lot hasn't seen the top stories on al-jazeera iranian foreign minister mohammad jevons that eve has resigned the reef played a central role in brokering the twenty fifteen in nuclear deal with twenty iran and several world powers but after the u.s. pulled out of that agreement last year he came under increasing criticism at home mike hanna reports from the united nations. this was a moderate face of a nation apparently seeking reconciliation with western powers mohamad was educated in the us and served as ambassador to the united nations before becoming foreign
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minister in two thousand and thirteen. he was the driving force in the intense negotiations with the west in nuclear powers that led to what became known as the joint comprehensive plan of action an agreement to which iran agreed to limit to sensitive nuclear activities and give access to international inspectors in return for the lifting of crippling economic sanctions. is the deal now threatened by the unilateral decision of president trump to no longer abide by it it's a bad deal it's a bad structure it's falling down should have never ever been made i blame congress i blame a lot of people for it but it should have never been made. in the months since the u.s. announcement there's been increasing criticism of the foreign minister by some elements in iran could argue that it proved the foreign minister had been misled in
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negotiating the deal. a long time use of social media mohammed beads or if was well aware that twitter is restricted in iran and announced his resignation on instagram which is widely available i think the generosity of the dia and courageous people of iran and respect to deficiencies over the last sixty seven months he says i apologize sincerely for my inability to continue serving and for all the shortcomings and flaws during the term of my service be happy and proud the announcement came on the same day that syrian president bashar assad made a surprise visit to iran his first since the civil war broke out in syria eight years ago among those he met was a rainy and president hassan rouhani who's yet to confirm that you'll accept his foreign minister's resignation mike hanna al-jazeera a coalition of western and latin american nations have agreed venezuelan president
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nicolas maduro must go the numa group backed the motion for a democratic transition of power but without the use of force and saw from the doors a violent crackdown on opposition efforts to bring aid into venezuela what brings us together today is the recognition by all the nations gathered here that nicolas maduro is a usurper with no legitimate claim to power and nicolas maduro must go the struggle in venezuela is between dictatorship and democracy between oppression and freedom between the suffering of millions of venezuelans and the opportunity for a new future of freedom and prosperity. a court in australia has found cardinal george pell guilty of sex crimes he is the most senior roman catholic cleric to be convicted of child abuse has repeatedly denied charges of assaulting two choir boys
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in a melbourne cathedral in one thousand nine hundred ninety six court handed down the verdict in december but a gag order was only just lifted protest leaders in sudan have called for immediate demonstrations off to the government banned on all to rise public gatherings follows a state of emergency declared on friday by president almost bashir the u.k.'s a main opposition party is prepared to back a second referendum on bragg's it labor leader jeremy corbyn says he will support an amendment in favor of a public vote to prevent a quote damaging tory brags that prime minister it's recent may has been trying to win support for her deal from her own conservative party as well as all physician and peace. those are the headlines you're up to date we're back in half an hour right now it's face to face.
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it's art for. no return. but there. are some word for your support for. the comrade the late michael burgess a lot of. first. your legs. are that terrible wrong at the current to our country and. through the imposition of the system of. december one thousand nine hundred ninety three the packed house and also city home owners nelson mandela the hero of the anti-apartheid struggle and frederick the cliff the last white president of south africa i've years ago. if i would have seriously question the sanity of anyone
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who would have predicted that mr madela and i would be joined in the disappearance of the by the will. of us. before you today behind the school chooses the two leaders are at olds and the tension in the country is at its highest. will it make the opponents. we disagree strongly all key issues and we will soon fight the strenuous election that plane against one of them. standing in the cement the spro crest which will play. all the three thousand people have died in the thick of violence. since the beginning of this year mandela and declare partners as much as we were able to carry to his representing
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a cruising campus engaged in an relenting negotiations a political and personal doom that was poised to put an end to one of the most racist when the products. seven kilometers west of cape town nelson mandela was a prisoner for eighteen years raised in a village in eastern south africa he founded the first black law from in the country appalled by the treatment of blacks and people of color he created the armed wing of the african national congress to fight against the apartheid regime
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and i many people feel that it is useless and for a future for us to continue talking peace and nonviolence against the government was a block is only savage attacks. and under defenseless people. in one thousand nine hundred sixty two mandela was arrested two years later he and his fellow accused were sentenced to life imprisonment for sabotage and conspiracy he was forty six years old. during his incarceration and social unrest spread and intensified among the black people who represented almost three quarters of the population of the state responded with increasingly savage repression. in the one nine hundred eighty s. the country was subjected to the iron fist leadership of peter both are head of the
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national party regarded as a hard liner he was nonetheless aware that profound change was inevitable among his most influential ministers was frederick vellum declare an ambitious afrikaner who entered politics in one thousand nine hundred seventy one f. w. as everyone called him came from an influential conservative family. one must remember that his father had been a very senior national party politician it being president of the senate his uncle have been prime minister so he was deeply. involved in the whole growth and development of the national party mr de klerk was perceived to be on the conservative side that he was protecting what group rights as it was call but i think to his credit almost always he was never in favor of a security solution for the country never in seventy one i
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still embraced the concept of separateness which i believed idealistic could bring justice in the early eighty's. i came to the conclusion and not only me many of my colleagues around me that the concept of separateness is just institutionalizing in just as that it was our own and that we had to abandon the concept of a part they separate us. in the early eighty's nelson mandela returned to the mainland after two decades of brutal detention he was transferred to pollsmoor prison then in one thousand nine hundred eighty eight to more comfortable housing within the victim first the prison about one hundred kilometers from cape town. for mandela was no ordinary prisoner convinced that negotiation could bring an end
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to apartheid he had begun secret meetings with government representatives notably we could see how the justice minister and neal barnard the head of the secret services. and so p.w. identified a team of which i was the head at the time to start in total secrecy in negotiations with one below which in fact started in my nine hundred eighty eight until eventually they met some got fifty times or forty eight times every week for hours on end and nobody not is almost the archetype of an african a nationalist mandela use that to get to know the minds of the africans the minds of the national party and by the time he came out he knew more or less what they were what they were thinking what was possible what wasn't possible he knew more or less how to treat that. both at home and abroad
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calls for mandela's release grew louder and gained more support for his party the a.n.c. represented him as the symbol of the anti-apartheid struggle. in early one nine hundred eighty nine bhutto was weakened by a stroke shortly after a secret meeting with mandela he was forced to resign as party leader and later as president. i relented in august his former minister frederick de clercq age fifty three took over as president of the country his priority to end the deadlock crippling south africa. on december thirteenth one thousand nine hundred eighty nine mandela left the victor vast the prison for a few hours he was secretly taken to the center of cape town to detain heis the president's office for the first time the black leader and white president found
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themselves face to face. i did not have high expectations of a first meeting with mr mandela and when i did have my first meeting i did not try to achieve much for both the him and me that first meeting was to get an understanding of each other to get a feel for the person sitting across the table to start with mandela was much taller than he expected. and he was also very impressed by president of mr mandela's aristocratic bearing because we must remember that the ben della was actually raised to be the prime minister of the paramount chief of the ten booze so you have natural a natural sense of authority very dignified
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a very charming after that first meeting there was the feeling that yes we can do business with each other so i did expect that he would be positive about the concept of negotiation but we both of voided talking about the real challenges and the real issues at that time it was a sizing up for us and so that was the beginning of of a long and sometimes very very rocky relationship. on february the second one thousand nine hundred ninety the eyes of thirty seven million south africans were turned towards cape town for the opening of parliament didn't declare was about to pronounce his first general policy speech many were
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hoping he would commit the country to a new direction. it is time for us to break out of the cycle of violence and to break through to peace and reconciliation the steps that have been decided on the following the prohibition of the african national congress the pan african as congress the south african communist party in a number of subsidiary organizations is being nice and people serving prison sentences merely because they were members of one of these organizations will be identified and released i think the clark when he took over as president in one thousand nine. i was faced with a choice he knew that the country's economy was in really deep trouble he knew we were almost facing a civil war inside the country and here suddenly the thing landed on his lap was he going to do more about it more oppression more police more military and
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destroy the economy get into a civil war or was he going to be the sturrock a figure that ended the war and i think the berlin wall helped him a lot because it was a strong argument to use to say we had to fight against the a.n.c. because they were communists but no communism is dead sanaa we can talk to them which made their message easier to accept by the white people however what is very crucial to make the point that this change. the clear speech was not simply the result of a free condom nationalism of his party and of de klerk suddenly becoming good guys and through the good heart deciding there must be a change it was the pressure from the struggle i wish to put it plainly that the
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government has taken a firm decision to release mr mandela unconditionally i'm serious i'm serious about being this matter to finality without delay the speech i made on the second of february ninety ninety contained a package of measures of which the release not only of nelson mandela but also of all political prisoners was just a part i listed the state of emergency. i tried in that speech to do it that is each and every excuse in the sea could offer not to come to the negotiation table and during that period we were the only communicators in town and they had all of the t.v. cameras they needed to use. how and when to release the iconic mandela this was the subject of the second confrontation between the two men one
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week later at the president's office. i announced to him that he would be released on the eleventh of february. and the first reaction was it's too soon and i said why is it too soon he said we need more time to prepare insisted that this process cannot work without me i am the key to this thing so when you want to release me you release me at a time that suits me and my family because i have to manage the a.n.c. and it was one of the things of new york my prisoner you will do as i say and i said to him mr mandela you and i will negotiate about many things but you been in jail long enough you will be released on the eleventh of february let us discuss what time of the day and from where you will be released.
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on february eleventh one thousand nine hundred ninety at five o'clock in the oftener there was great excitement at the victor festa prison everyone had been waiting for several hours to see nelson mandela released arm in arm with his wife when. after twenty seven years in jail a free seventy one year old man returned to his home in so wet oh determined to win freedom for his people. after four decades of conflict the adversaries met over three days and put ischia an official building in cape time in may nine hundred ninety the jailer and his former prisoner walked side by side presenting a court image l.
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bound to be difficulties but these cautious optimism as well as faith and conviction that the problems will be solved by negotiation. and i trust that these discussions will be another milestone on the road to a new and just self that i think it was. overwhelmingly framed. it was like people who paying together for the first time we didn't know each other but who wanted to meet the challenge. that was a that was a wonderful experience and was about the fact that. we suddenly realize the power of silence that we had to work jointly and collectively. the way forward and the two responsibility rests on us nobody else could take that response and. you can imagine. with the background of the participants two sides that have
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been fighting each other. for the hammer. suddenly being. of course there's a measure of mistrust. we do know al could be just three of us. we didn't know. but the point is we had to agree there's only one way to discover that is to me. very striking feature. of the discussions. which we have heard. it during the last three days. has been that cordiality. we have had. discussions on sensitive not. in a spirit of conciliation and understanding. despite the signature
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of a peace agreement four months later the relationship between de klerk and mandela was tainted by violence around the often lethal conflict had broken out in various regions of south africa particularly in causing confrontations erupted to between a.n.c. supporters from the closer ethnic group and supporters of the i f p the in qatar freedom party made up of zulus and led by monk to buthelezi. is not just that is the place is the. truth and i do the leaders the people i was a little girl it's true that the beginning of every year all is going. oh. more people got killed in south africa between one thousand eight hundred nine and one thousand nine hundred four dunn were killed by a part of forces in the entire history of a part that there was
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a natural competition between the eye of p. and the a.n.c. u.t.s. but it was aided and abetted by the former military and police people called it the third force. the two big black groupings fighting and a third force egging them on and fomenting more violence leading police teats and intelligence chiefs including military intelligence we're working with elements of the put to lazy party and the soft course was how mundane the came to use that label and to. and to accuse the clerk of the statistics. hundred thank you and. the national party has got that dab agenda for the negotiations process on the one hand. a talk about
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reform and change. that they still want to hold on to economic and political power he said you see you don't care about the life lives of blacks that tell us you have allowed that situation to develop and this is why these things have happened even after we had given you our commitment even when we have been doing that had to discipline our people and you behaved in this way because you don't care about black life i think the accusation that i didn't do enough was unfair and that it was not based in fact from the moment that i started to have a suspicion and also in conjunction with all the allegations they were making i appointed judith to judicial commissions of inquiry the one commission of inquiry
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came up and opened up a can of worms to show that yes they were elements in the security forces against my orders against the policy i've laid down who continued with politically this had a tough underground activities that resulted in the dismissal or early retirement of a big number of very senior officers the credit cards the difficulty he had to walk a tightrope he couldn't just walk into the military camp and say. give up your arms is taken over he had to take yet to move very carefully with the police and with the military. and he did it slowly and and nelson mandela has indicated that he understood that so there was a game that mandela would put pressure on him. to disband and to end this that for
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violence and that that would defend. as the two leaders exchanged accusations about the causes of the violence talks continues and a conference was soon organized could desa the convention for a democratic south africa to discuss the country's future institutions three hundred delegates took part the a.n.c. and their allies demanded a majority electoral system where blacks would be dominant in the government declared his party wanted various measures to protect the white minority but on the very first day december twentieth one thousand nine hundred ninety one the talks almost collapsed when dick clark took the floor. only one thought he should visit with. us casually. and with. all the others. do not have
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a jeweler's. because one. thing. to be sure solution if your leaders peters closer and. closer to the films with the schedule make and force them to go to you and yes to the concept of. action. i spoke last and i made a strong attack on the see what went on oh yes i sent a warning to president mandela that i would be making those statements the mission which i believe did not get doing so nelson mandela set there and watched the clerk attack him in this way. and i have never before or since seen
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mandela so angry at the result was then that mandela to the stuff that you're going so i'm going back to the microphone and started to make an attack on those that. i heard a concern. about the behavior. of mr decay here have been less friend. everybody has. an illegitimate. discredited. minority to do as he. has certain moral standards or. very few. what he might have to give with such a. a
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face can tell a story without uttering a single word. and knowing glance can guide us. a simple touch inform us. the un convention manatee of life witness through the lens of the human eye. is what inspires us. witness documentaries on al-jazeera. i really felt liberated as a journalist was. going to the truth as an eyewitness that's what this job. john presents on down the track journey or was promised damaging information about hillary clinton allegation to see an investigation see the troops did the trump campaign with russia did you at any time of the urge the former f.b.i. director james comey in any way shape or form the closer to back down the
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investigation into michael flynn and also as you will know. next question battlefield washington on al-jazeera. a lot has i'm saying here in doha the headlines on al-jazeera north korea leader kim jong un has arrived in vietnam for a meeting with the u.s. president donald trump in her noise was greeted with a guard of honor at a train station on the border this will be the second meeting between the two leaders after their summit in singapore last year the u.s. has called on north korea to denuclearize or face further sanctions. iran's foreign minister mohammad javad zarif has announced he is stepping down his sudden departure throws further doubt on the future of the twenty fifty nuclear deal which
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the u.s. pulled out of last year's venezuela has it to denounce the coalition of western and latin american nations accusing them of waging a ferocious campaign to unseat president nicolas maduro earlier the lima group backed the motion for a democratic transition of power in venezuela but without the use of force it follows where do those violent crackdown on opposition efforts to bring aid into venezuela what brings us together today is the recognition by all the nations gathered here that nicolas maduro is a usurper with no legitimate claim to power and nicolas maduro must go the struggle in venezuela is between dictatorship and democracy between oppression and freedom between the suffering of millions of venezuelans and the opportunity for a new future of freedom and prosperity a court in australia has found cardinal george pell guilty of sex crimes is the
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most senior roman catholic cleric to be convicted of child abuse hell has repeatedly denied charges of assaulting two choir boys in a melbourne cathedral in one thousand nine hundred ninety six the court handed down the verdict in december but a gag order was only just lifted protest leaders in sudan have called for immediate demonstrations after the government banned our north rise public gatherings move follows a state of emergency declared on friday by president obama bashir the u.k.'s main opposition party is prepared to back a second referendum on leaving the european union labor leader jeremy coleman says he will support an amendment in favor of a public vote to prevent quote a damaging tory breaks it those are the headlines now it's back to face to face. call the bluff much hussein is now being held in pretrial detention for two years
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what is his crime. why hasn't he been tried yet why hasn't justice been applied in this case is he detained because he's a journalist as journalism become a crime have moles become a tool to silence weiss's of truth we will continue i news coverage with professionalism and impartiality our work will remain credible and accurate but journalism is not a crime incarcerating journalists is not acceptable we demand the immediate release of our colleague mahmoud to same and all journalists detained in a gyptian jails free mahmoud's and all his colleagues we stand for press freedom. it's december one thousand nine hundred ninety one talks to end decades of
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apartheid in south africa a faltering president f.w. de klerk has just blamed nelson mandela's a.n.c. for a surge in political violence mandela responds i. am concerned . about the behavior. of mr de cat here have been less friendly. ever to have. an illegitimate. discredited. minority to keep as he. has certainly modest and it's. very few. what i have to hear with saturn. when he responded. to the clock was the closest we came to not having a negotiated solution i also think what he said is what mandela really thought
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about the clock he never said it publicly because he knew the kind of money is in knew he had to say i accept he's bonafide he's he's a man of integrity otherwise his followers wouldn't do it but there he was and he was provoked and he was angry because he didn't he wasn't warned and and that was a scary moment and i think that. told me everything i wanted to know about the relationship between the truck and and mandela it was a terrible one it was not only the sugar that he was fighting for that i had for his people and what they believed in and what should one expect more of any man he could have been very rude and very brutal if need be and all of this lift amok it left a scar. across it on their person little unsure but also on the process and
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a need to cause some damage unavoidably so. the negotiations would last for months under the pressure of white extremists declared called a referendum in march one thousand nine hundred two asking almost three million white voters if they approved of the path he was taking more than two thirds of them voted yes. on june seventeenth one thousand nine hundred ninety two zulus from the in cutter freedom party left their hostel accommodation and headed for the boy petang timeship near johannesburg where the attacked a.n.c. supporters forty five people were brutally killed in the massacre the repercussions were dramatic exasperated mandela was very ill and in his response. at that point in time the administration of hitler was the only body that had the
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capacity and the power and the command was there was there to do those people and therefore to prevent that from happening even when that was was going to be intelligence with everybody that there are there's a. pileup of stocks of arms there and then there were people that were they members who went through that i can no longer at a. point in your. but look at what government where it's him. where it is now regarding iraq if it were. not it. why do we are provoked we can fight back he alleged a dead stage on behove the again see that this was an example of government forces that were utilized and that point has never been proved even through the
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consideration commission it was that that so mandela break off the negotiation it became frozen. we launched in that period almost immediately a call for roading mass action to revive and get to very high level the activity of the the masses in marches demonstrations protest. in early august one thousand nine hundred ninety two a campaign of strikes and demonstrations was launched the power struggle culminated on august the fifth with the march on pretoria the country's political capital. in front of tens of thousands of supporters mandela came to openly defied declare beneath the windows of the union building was the official seat of government and
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in our finance. the big debt is the nation of unintended and that it. and their free hand found a lashes for help and things will assemble. they say to the nads. onstage you know. after their mouths. have sat under the counter. then i left am at. satisfactory i think out. negara ca's is can't cannot and the way they're not a result. may be. the a.n.c. maintained the pressure he and dick clark were no longer speaking but in secret
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their lieutenants continued the discussions on the future of south africa. another massacre of blights the two men to officially renew the negotiations on september the seventh one thousand nine hundred ninety two and a small town in the homeland of cisco by seventy thousand e.n.c. supporters demonstrated against a local military leader supported by the government security forces opened fire killing twenty nine people and wounding hundreds of others. out of the big issue issued came a meeting. between our officials and the clerks and the decision to carry on and resume with the negotiations desperately seeking an agreement to clerk capitulated and ceded to mandela's demands in september nine hundred ninety
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two the principles behind the future constitution were determined it would be a majority system the white minority would have no veto or particular protection the date for the first multi racial and democratic elections was set april twenty seventh one thousand nine hundred ninety four. it was there for two electoral rivals who went to also in december one thousand nine hundred ninety three to receive the nobel peace prize in norway the two men attempted to put on a good show but de klerk could barely conceal his frustration. i think the decision of the nobel peace laureate committee was a very courageous decision the award to more mr mandela was
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a popular one the award to me was a controversial award because people said but i have practiced a part in the past i had no problem with this the mondello receiving me at times it appeared as if he and the a.n.c. did not like very much the fact that it was also ordered to me and know that there were two that felt. nelson should not have shared with him i think that would have been a terrible mistake their contribution through the nobel peace prize was their contribution to say. we congratulate you the people of south africa you forward amongst each other but in the course of that fight you learn to appreciate each other's humanity.
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and mandela was irritated by this man from the a potted regime the people who put him in jail the people who oppressed these own people for so long trying to say i ended up after it praise me the clerk felt that he did not get enough credit for ending up after it and he wanted to be on the international stage he wanted to be. the big the biggest oracle figure but he was mandela he was the biggest icon in the world so the two perspectives and the two egos really clashed and it was also difficult because there was a very strong and he apartheid lobby in norway didn't want him to get the you the prize atoll and at one stage she and mandela went out on to a balcony or. of a group the hotel and the main road of oslo and the norwegians who
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were supposed to be having a torchlight parade boo de klerk and they had shared mandela so it was a bit humiliating for order. back in south africa the presidential election campaign proved to be extremely tense. encounter those who threatened to take part in the vote and violent confrontations were frequent even in the center of johannesburg. as the world focuses on a few days before the vote the two candidates faced off in
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a historic televised debate. where have. the period at that time i was thinking and a better life millions of jobs free quite attentive geishas hospital services we believe that that is out of here neither the end she's policy is riddled with that which has failed it is riddled still with clinging to nationalize ation you want good investments as long as that is the case this is their blood. off of men or is not used to address the basic needs of the charter to of the population was government is committed. by noted he is not alarmed at that or have for devote so much of his awesome let's or is concerns that. ladies and
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gentlemen thank you thank you for sharing. that password to god forbid consternation and nation beauty. i am proud to hold your hand. profile five i'm. on election day no one doubted that mandela's a.n.c. would be my just the victim the question was whether the party would gain two thirds of the vote. the final score was indisputable sixty two percent for the end scene i'm just twenty percent for the national party. i hold out my hand to mr mondale up in
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friendship and cooperation as far as my own post position is going son i should like to make it clear. that i believe that my political tusk is just beginning everything that we have done so far the four years of difficult and often frustrating negotiations the problem and the crises. abin simply a blip in asian for the work that lies in that. on may tenth one thousand nine hundred ninety four after four years of negotiations and several thousand people killed in political violence nelson mandela became president of south africa he was seventy five years old.
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i think all for the future i think it's a good idea for self africa finally there that which we have set out to achieve as befits. the thought it was a glorious moment. because it was peaceful it was accepted by the war the leaders of the world with their defeat on that day he saw it as the conclusion of these project that started in one thousand eight hundred nine. according to the terms of an agreement signed in one thousand nine hundred three monday led a government of national unity assisted by two vice presidents tab on becky one of his right hand men and frederick declare. so you have my need to get enough of fathers and i live in. madison.
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growing up by side. a for the better public are full of it. so. i knew it was a snow day apartheid was over called the lost white president attending the swearing in of south africa's first black president. my overwhelming sense was a feeling of accomplishment yes i had questions and i still have it in my mind. whether we will be able to stay on the right path there are threats and there are always dangers that even if you reach a good agreement that in the implementation of the agreement things can go wrong but my general sense was one of this is
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a good day for south. over parties with more than twenty deputies were represented in the government of national unity intended to last five years a coalition unique in the world took office a cabinet when a former president officiated under the orders of his successor both at the head of opposing parties. facing them and alan never chaired the cabinet in becky the other deputy president and i chaired the cabinet on meditational basis. it was a good experience i realized and in serialize that they needed to gain experience
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in governance they've been a liberation movement they've been agitating they've been fighting they've been fighters in the field they didn't know how to deal with the civil service he possibly thought that his presence in the government of national unity. will give him the authority to teach then you'll come us. to do things. whereas the odds favor invested that he was also a newcomer into a situation that was new on twitter but there were moments when. i could see mr mandela getting frustrated. altar cations between mandela and dick clark hit the headlines. in january nine hundred ninety five i heated disputes during
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a cabinet meeting which forced dick clarke and mandela to stage a public reconciliation for the media. the main focus of our discussion. was our past not working relationship. our discussion was frank. and with character in some detail with all of the issues which caused this and confrontation between us. we did not ask for an apology we are asked for the recognition of al good faith. honesty and our integrity in the process of the confrontation also my confidence in the president was shaken and our talk this morning achieved also. the race to relation of that confidence. i'm shaking you know you love movement
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on the t.v. . often about eighteen months the a.n.c. started to feel they've had enough of a learning experience. and then they started to try and silence me because i was not only an executive deputy president i was also the political leader of the main political opposition part and they were trying to say i cannot in public criticize the citizens with which i disagreed in the cabinet because i'm an executive deputy president that was part of the problem which six months later after two years but rolled me to the decision with my party who was there all from the government of national unity i think that the clear and his group where feeling that they were losing
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too much support from the white constituency and that if they remained in government with the a n c they would continue to lose support again i think the clerics ego came in the way that and he's personal circumstances and we sometimes talk about politicians and forget that the ordinary human beings the clerk at the fall in love married a new young woman a beautiful woman that he was very much in love with he lost his appetite for dirty politics for hard politics. and instead of leaving his party inside and going to tie it with lovely elites he took them all out declared can despite he left the government in june one thousand and eighty six shortly after the adoption of the country's new constitution and mandela himself left politics in one thousand
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nine hundred nine handing over to topple becky. in just six years of a hard fought to do the two men had landed clean changed the course of their country's history and forever bound their own destinies they continued to see each other far from the political turmoil like in two thousand and six at a hotel in cape town at frederick to clerics seventieth birthday. i mean. once they had retired they knew that they the two of them played a special role. in history. and they never become friends but on the one or two occasions public occasions they said nice things of what. we did. at night if i disagree in a moment of doubt all the words. are all. right l
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o o. o o o. o o this way what. i had occasion in the us was that our current us not sufficient knowledge. across all. that ever got your get your. baby with us where the. president mandela made a wonderful short speech. have a function for friends and family. i was deeply touched. by the recognition he gave to my contribution to help to bring peace to south africa i was deeply touched by the personal warmth. which he extended to me. i even cried
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a little bit if i can remember well. al-jazeera explores prominent figures of the twentieth century and how rivalries influenced the course of history steve jobs for much better marketeers than bill gates was apple was going to reinvent the phone bill made software what it is today bill trained the world to high tech visionaries whose breakthroughs inspired a digital revolution jobs and gates face to face on al-jazeera.
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hanna there is still deep winter in the middle of this chop well it's really the northern plains the upper midwest and the canadian prairie's the winding thing is the storm has taken the blizzard through the temps has left behind i mean that anything else you inject in there not this cloud from the west will produce yet more snow so the picture than the high temperature on tuesday in minneapolis minus twelve in the high temperature in chicago monastery this is a big diff in the temperature regime the cold does extend further south was nice was new york city just by freezing you know there's a bit of a change the still snow falling in all the high ground from wyoming west was to california and south was courses right on the coast san francisco is not having his best day on tuesday nor indeed on wednesday but it will be good for the snow pack
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up and mountains now it hasn't it sways well i'm not going to say so relatively speaking isn't it many offices minus nine rather than minus thirty chicago zero mana problem minus three a slow warming trend but vast amounts of snow seem likely of the great lakes and then across into new england and that's where all action is to be honest further sas is north of the still some rain visible sickly in florida and across towards a bahamas otherwise enjoy the sun. between two thousand and two thousand and seven there were nine racist murders in different parts of germany but the police were painfully slow to track down the killer. al jazeera world reveals the truth about the deaths linked by a single weapon. the involvement of the far right and the serious political form
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couldn't see the cheska murders case solved on al-jazeera. this is al-jazeera. has this is the news hour live from doha coming up in the next sixty minutes iran's foreign minister says he is stepping down citing his shortcomings while in office. north korean leader kim jong un now arrives in vietnam ahead of his summit with the u.s. president donald trump. a coalition of latin american countries say it is time.

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