tv The Archbishop The PLO Al Jazeera March 4, 2019 4:00am-5:01am +03
for. people. who are have a record. people reporting to. the opposition had agreed to a negotiated surrender for an amnesty but some say the so-called reconciliation agreements are not being respected instead there have been arbitrary arrests. international organizations including the u.n. say the lack of security guarantees is why many refugees are afraid to go back. into the conflict and we haven't seen any form being done by the syrian government towards the security situation especially syrian security services that are responsible for crimes against humanity. torture and that.
lebanon's politicians are divided on whether it is safe for syrian refugees to return home but the refugee affairs portfolio is now run by a politician allied to the syrian government the newly appointed minister saw the first act in office was to visit damascus it further politicized the issue there are some politicians who criticize. the government. intervening in the hope that they believe in return as well as normalize direct contacts with damascus should not happen until an international political solution is reached. many in lebanon complain about the refugee populations impact on the country's economy and infrastructure those who hold power say they will push ahead with what they call voluntary and safe returns for many syrians that could mean more difficult conditions to discourage them from. beirut. so i have
for you on the program. this is an ideology it's an idea. the indian government's crackdown against. the disputed region also. where a former model street is set to become a school for the next generation's far right populist politicians. hell of a sunday night and probably good part of monday the wind will feel exceedingly strong in the british isles particularly england and wales wins over one hundred kilometers per hour as a storm a named storm for a year develops and runs through now it is at the moment still developing as a hump of cloud on the satellite picture that is eat it'll become a tight circulation and it will bring wet and windy weather overnight spreading
quickly across to scandinavia the heart of it but it won't leave behind calm this but now that when he's just going to the low countries in france by this time brought some warms into some was the head of it had to austria seventeen in vienna temperature wise than to about normal a bit above maybe but i think the strength of the window make you feel not particularly good and the picture on tuesday not as strong winds rather less clouds are some at least so bitter rain there and it's i think used the word unsettled for all of northern europe and that induced warmth has gone from vienna were down to eleven degrees so all the action is in northern europe which gives this quiet ish weather throughout the mediterranean that strong wind across to me here is gone now there are still a few showers potentially there in the eastern med maybe touching libya but with that lack of wind and increasing strength and sunshine well above twenty g's.
al-jazeera explores prominent figures of the twentieth century and how rivalries influenced the course of history much better marketing. alcohol is going to prevent stuff build made software what it is to. the world to high tech visionaries breakthroughs inspired the digital revolution jobs and gates face to face on al-jazeera. welcome back a look at stories making headlines algeria's president abdelaziz because he has
officially entered the race for a fifth consecutive term in office ignoring the demands of thousands of protesters his official bid for reelection has now been submitted by his campaign manager. the u.s. and south korea and a large joint military exercises in an effort to support future talks with north korea on denuclearization and that there's been a large explosion in the eastern syrian town of buy goods where u.s. backed kurdish forces have launched a final assault on the ice hill. to the disputed kashmir region now and there's been an exchange of fire between security forces and rebel fighters indian soldiers have launched an operation in northern bogen to try to push groups out meanwhile funerals have been held for some of the victims of recent fighting at least seven people were killed on saturday cross border shelling between india and pakistan tensions remain high after a suicide attack in the kashmir region last month which killed forty indian paramilitary troops. or regional kashmiri leaders are criticizing the indian
government's crackdown on separatist groups one of them to islam e his members are accused of supporting an armed resistance against india but its leaders say the crackdown will affect the group's charity work so raman has more from new delhi it's an early start for these students in srinagar they come to this religious school from some of the poorest families in the region this hot drink and snack is perhaps the only opportunity to eat or the cold winter morning many live in isolated villages and forbes so it's a chance to see friends and catch up before classes begin however they may not be able to study here for much longer. the government has barred jamaat e islami that runs this religious school and many more like it in the region it says the group supports armed resistance against india and is a threat to the country's stability. student says it's a disappointing setback for his education. i want to do something in my life that
benefits everyone i wasn't very religious and wanted to know how to pray correctly i was embarrassed that i couldn't answer questions about my feet. this has changed more importantly the school has taught me social skills are to be polite speak to strangers and my elders with respect. late last month the central government bunch of the islami arrested scores of its leaders and sealed off their homes in indian administered kashmir there's been widespread anger in the community many feel muslims are being deliberately targeted and accused of being sympathetic to so-called terror organizations it's an accusation people here deny and say the government in new delhi is vilifying them for their faith and beliefs. regional politicians and are challenging new delhi you can jail an idea do not is an ideology it's an idea you can just so you know in a democracy is a battle of ideas if you try to imprison everyone you can imprison the idea it is
going to further alienate the people of kashmir was this former head of india's external intelligence agency believed about the islam being me it has links with armed groups in pakistan a factor that. has been bad news for a long time. whether there was a need to ban there i mean there's for the government to decide. but. needed to repeat done that should have been one's own dime ago this to mark the hasn't been arrested and speaking exclusively to al jazeera tells of his concerns because of the if. bernard did whole system will get stated earned it will be a disaster for the media and lot of people especially on the phones and reduce jamaat e islami hindi is the original group from which to mark the islam broke away from
the former passengers across india like this and they're not bound with tensions running high the concern for the indian government is how to regulate groups that offer an islamic education in indian administered kashmir without alienating an already disillusioned community so whole raman al-jazeera new delhi vote counting is underway in parliamentary elections in estonia in a poll that seen as a test for the far right center left prime minister gary wright us is the front runner but he's likely to face difficulties forming a parliamentary majority he's in a tight race with the liberal reform party and the nationalist staying conservative people's party has been making gains since the migration crisis in two thousand and fifteen and michele results are due around midnight u.s. president all transformer adviser steve bannon is helping set up an academy for all trite leaders in italy balun has praised italy's populist government for its
nationalist agenda and is hoping more countries will follow its example but on a gag in our ports. some residents aren't happy with the plan. for more than eight hundred years that resulted charterhouse monastery in college park dar has been a place of quiet contemplation these days the last of the remaining monks is retired and it is no longer solely dedicated to the theory of pursuits the new resident has moved in with more worldly plans in mind benjamin han well the founder of the d.d. tartus humana institute or d.h. i want to transform it into a right wing populist recruiting ground the first project is the cardinal martino academy for human dignity which will promote catholic social teaching with a special emphasis pro-life pro-family issues the second project is the academy for the christian west which will promote the christian foundations of
western civilization one of the main backers is all right ideologues steve bannon who played a leading role in president trump's electoral victory and was the author of his nationalist american first dogma his intention here to spread that vision across europe and beyond because then return home use what they learned here for the fight for the judeo christian west once they get back into their home environment the blueprint for this was a talk given by a baton to the d.h.i. at the vatican in twenty fourteen where he preached his conflict ridden worldview but we're in an outright war against shia hardass islam islamic fascism within this forum on a street is where the organizers and steve battle hope to create a new generation of populist nationalist politicians and thinkers the next donald
trump or viktor orban if you will but outside of these walls there is little appetite for this project. in the town itself there is a sense of discomfort about the plans to salty was until last year looked after by the state and there are concerns over how the d.h.i. which keeps its funding secret will maintain the monastery. up inside it we cannot even begin to consider allowing steve benen to come to our town essential there just so he can do whatever he likes by launching this academy to attack the european union its result to become the battleground for europe we will defend it but at the. resulting project may sound a warning for the very future of the european union an increasingly fragile continent that threat is ever present this will be a front line with the forces of populism poised to the new recruits and create an elite in their own image. al-jazeera. venezuelan
opposition is calling for more mass protests this week and says he plans to return home despite threats of being arrested international aid is still languishing on the colombia venezuela border after president nicolas maduro cut off relations with bogota but despite the barricades some venezuelans a still finding ways to deliver the much needed aid there is money iraq reports now from the colombian border town of cooking. for thousands of venezuelans who live near the colombian border crossing the river is becoming a daily routine the water is shallow but it still requires a bit of skill to make it across. most of the people we encountered here are venezuelan citizens carrying heavy bags of used goods they hope to sell in colombia . this is scrap metal people take this and sell it and use the money to buy food and then take the food back to the other side. of it miss says he makes several of
these trips every day and is lucky to make twelve thousand pesos for the effort that's the equivalent of about four u.s. dollars. and the people cross over to sell scrap metal because there are no jobs no security this keeps them going there's a heavy military presence along the colombian side of the border but officers tell us they're only here to keep the peace not prevent people from moving freely between the two countries and if it's challenging crossing the border through the river it's challenging this bridge serves as the official border crossing and is usually bustling with pedestrian traffic but a week ago venezuelan officials set up barricades to prevent international aid from entering the country through colombia since then people have had to find other ways to get across the border. as many as twenty thousand people are estimated to be crossing to and from minnesota every single day this river is what separates been a sweller from colombia some people tell us they've been traveling for four hours
or more in search of food others say what they're seeking is medical attention. this woman was rushed across the river on a stretcher after suffering a miscarriage her mother tells us they didn't know where else to go there know her mouth is purple she's vomiting infirmity there was no want to treat her if i didn't bring her here she would die from. the local economies on both sides of this border rely heavily on commerce and it's clear that people are anxious for it to reopen even though there's no clear sign of when that might be but ended up with. who could. conservationists on the kenyan coast say endangered turtles species are at risk of dying out because of poaching and working with fisherman to try to stop the turtles being caught on purpose or accidentally in fishing nets catherine sawyer reports from the coastal town of what time of volunteers a battling to save the reptile. a green tart all carefully covers eggs she's just
laid back still we have to be careful distracting how with bright lights may force her to stop what she's doing this stretch of beach in what time on the kenyan coast is a nesting site for hundreds of green and all you've really tuttle's both endangered species. every time they come out of the ocean to nest there life is in danger hunting them is illegal but some people here do for meat and or oil which they say is maybe senile and it's also an aphrodisiac this residence of our time well tuttle conservation group it's their job to guard the tuttles but the biggest threat is poaching some people should be talking. that's why we are patrolling to give the security for the nesting models they then tag them to keep count of how many are out there up to four hours of hard labor she is done and has covered up eggs the best way she can to protect them from predators she's lucky that she's in
a protected area many cattle that come up to nest in other parts of the beach are in most danger of being hunted down for food by people another tart all laid her eggs in what is considered a danger zone this part of the bitch is too exposed the tuttle watches have to move the eggs to a safe area it's a delicate process. they have to make sure the eggs are well protected from poachers and direct sunlight. during the nesting season they carry out biweekly surveys which they say are often green last week. or to a ditch we collected a total of eight. statistics which we haven't done enough because we have done outreach with awareness of the people but still not really ready to work with us many fisherman in what time will know that tattles are protected thousand muhammad several have been trapped in his fishing net he hands them over to
government wildlife wardens or conservationists in the area for a fee it's a program that has helped but does not cover the entire nesting stretch the really . protected i think it's very difficult to see a fisherman poaching. after two months total hutchings make their way into the ocean only one in a thousand will survive into adult hood catherine saw al-jazeera on the kenyan coast well there's more to everything we're covering right here including of course the latest developments unfolding in algeria at the moment al jazeera dot com. just a quick look at the stories making headlines now on the algerian president abdullah as he's beautifully has officially entered the race for a fifth consecutive term in office ignoring the demands of thousands of protesters
his official bid for reelection has now been submitted by his campaign manager he said beautifully coble call for fresh early elections if he is reelected well hundreds of people have also marched in paris in solidarity with the algerian protestors the french capital is home to a large algerian population more protests also expected on sunday in the city of musée. it's very important to not only say you know to a fifth terms of presidency with the no to a regime that has taken us all hostage for so long for all these decades the u.s. and south korea have announced they will scale back joint military exercises the drills on the korean peninsula have been a point of contention with north korea's leader kim jong un washington and seoul say it's part of efforts to improve ties with pyongyang the decision follows donald trump second summit with kim jong un in hanoi which ended without any agreement it's been a large explosion in the eastern syrian town of where i saw fighters are trying to
cling on to the last territory they hold the u.s. backed kurdish forces have launched a final assault on the group to drive them from bugaboos all civilians have been cleared from the town and taken to an s.d.f. camp near the border with iraq yes yes says they have almost completely driven i sell out funerals have been held for some of the victims of the recent fighting in the disputed kashmir region at least seven people were killed on saturday in cross for the shelling between india and pakistan tensions remain high after both sides said they shot down each other's jets on wednesday and vote counting is started following parliamentary elections in a stone year a poll that seen as a test for the far right center left prime minister you're right us is the front runner but he's likely to face difficulties forming a parliamentary majority he's in a tight race with the liberal reform party and the nationalist estonian conservative people sparty has been making gains since the migration crisis in two thousand and fifteen. more on our top stories
a bit later on in twenty five minutes time i will see you then time now for talk to al-jazeera. michael. you can watch. the movie. brazil the largest country in south america home to the amazon rain forest and one of the most famous carnivals in the world it is now ruled. he was elected after the worst political scandal in brazil's history known as operation car wash that saw dozens of businessmen and politicians arrested and
accused of corruption among them former president we see mass. in a cold war cool georgia the two that are so near to zero who will do your job all the global saucily because a lot of the sitter the very thought of all orders. those are dismissed the toll will go cold it's gonna tickle her. even though he was a member of congress for almost thirty years or so another was seen as an outsider who promised to fight corruption and crime and help brazil recover from a deep economic crisis now he's challenges to do that without angering crucial allies like china and the arab world with his new foreign policy agenda that's taking his country closer to israel and the united states. still recovering from a knife attack last year is hoping to pass crime and pension reforms but many question
his lack of policies to fight inequality and protect minorities. in brasilia we've come to the brazilian capital of a man who feels himself as the sword and the shield of president. their vice president a breath you. see. so the first question first political crisis in venezuela right now. we know that you're in a military attaché in the country do you believe the armed forces will remain loyal to i don't know well what happened. forces in venezuela they are part of this process that's happened there ok my view that they are trying to find a solution. because they are. going to force to have weapons in venezuela they are do. we have drug gangs
so the armed forces are bright moment they are trying. to find a solution a peaceful solution ok so that the country can be back on its tracks again you know she remains noir why is that. well. i don't have enough information to tell you why. i just can't understand that they are loyal because they see mr mudd who is this to them in power. how do you see i mean do you believe that there should be a change in government for many. well. only farted in as it was born. later presidents of which obvious well proved to be not good for the country ok destroy the oil industry destroy their internal production. they put people against people and so today given israel an economy stupidly shattering
their social tissue shattering so of course they need a change of government right now is it rationing of building up there's lots of tension what you agree or how do you feel about the possibility of united states intervention and well brazil as a long tradition we don't intervene in town or firs of other countries because we don't like aus they have our internal affairs be subject to intervention of some of the people so i think the united states we'll stay in and push and proceed position like he is today ok making their politics go in economic sanctions and waiting for divan as well as to resolve a problem. but right now the u.s. is having an active role in what's happening in venezuela you do not agree with
that well they are making a pressure that they can to their oppression in a political size like i said recognizing mr gray door. presence ok make an economic pressure. freezing the assets that even as well as have in the u.s. and now zeus' ryan is pressuring of the humanitarian aid ok to search for a break point in the stalemate that the venezuelans are leaving right now and that tension is cost mostly by getting aid into the country. how do you see. the next few days unfolding i mean once you agree for brazilian soldiers to take that aid intervene as well we must of course not we're not going to inspect the border ok what we're doing what are you can do we can put supplies on the border in a forgiving as well as one they can come and get it but i don't think this will
work ok because as you see from rome a river it's almost a thousand kilometers and all these is that empty space in venezuela so there is not enough population there to come to brazil when to to reach for supplies ok i think that the main points for these humanitarian aid would be the ports and outs of the border was colombia. just announced that they were shutting down the border with president why do you think they're doing this well i see it would you want to stop venezuelan people that are coming to brazil now so if for instance if they see that we're going to put some place in their size of border going to stop this to happen but they can be and they can be real real cool because this is not going to happen so there is only going to stay on the brazilian side of avoiding war those who want to cross of course if you if you pass the
border you set an act of aggression we are not going to do this verbal good you are the laws of your laws of the law so it is not so nice. to live with. you possible as it was there's been several changes in brussels foreign policy. the president and yourself took office one of them is also in their relationship with the united states and at some point there were talks about the possibility of a base a military base here in the country is that still an option no this is not an option we never sought to buy. use it what mr bush will not have said is there were bays in the current that are can be used or rented for the americans but not an american base and is a deal that has to pass by congress so it's nonsense just another changing foreign policy is their relationship with israel now also talked about moving the embassy
to jerusalem if that's still the case on well what happened is the president wants to have a different kind of relation to see israel and relations from state to state they always search for mutual benefit that's what you want so this question for the changing of the embassy in my opinion some minor question me if the president will decide about d.s. it will be after i next saw stiffness thirty of the main. problems that can happen we still is because it could generate tensions with allies too with arab countries along on a fact that this is one of the points but there are some other points to. we tar well we have some agreements now and also the problem i'll do you in break up the nation of both countries ok the palestinians and israelis i think this is not a big issue today was really saw is the divorce market you know and all the a good
. you know for those who are as it does who knows. if those storekeeper has gone there if my is about this new company that is going to this is you move does the barriers here do you like our burka dollars yet you defend your budget is it given that his apologize. or because you know if it were mere to do this if you lose you do put their computer going to get your view does you know since he is just twenty five years it was eleven she would have thought those little guys not separate us so so like i said whatever the space was you being you're going to jihad legit is that your thought that that you see the legitimate their fears are one of the reasons why you were elected was because the brazilian people weren't tired of corruption. we were talking to many people in brazil and they said that things need to change but yet
one member of the cabinet cabinet was recently fired because of corruption what do you think should be the response by the government to phones. corrupt act for example well i think that the member of the government that was fired was not for kind of russian it exclusively the problem was a question of confidence in the relationship that he had wished our president bets our government like to say i was elected to fight and compete against bad administrator and corruption ok we are not going to deal and pass our hands in the heads of people that commit this kind of crime and. as you see you know mr morrow sent out a very have package dealing exactly this kind of crime we're not going to to accept this what you where you join the military doing that protection what's
your opinion about those times and brazil are very good times ok i say we didn't have a dictatorship we had a period of military presence ok people that came from the army they had rain some years an instrument it's had gave them a big. we were in the middle of the cold war we had people here they wanted to install in brazil another kind of dictatorship let them see it is believed in the marxists. and marxists. who often meant ok so. during that period ok in the fight that happened. so in both sides some five hundred people died in a county of ninety million so it was a very soft problem when you see two dated sixty thousand people were murdered in
brazil. what a people were tortured and what count they couldn't vote for president. well that was the moment they could vote for their representatives in congress for instance in the one nine hundred seventy four elections the opposition won almost every place in the congress ok then in the early eighty's when we had elections for governors almost every state was ruled for a position in government so i think it's history underlies this in some more for twenty to thirty years when most actors will be gone when the president and yourself are electronic form factors and brazil are afraid and they are saying and military's coming back and again and eight members of your cabinet that are former members of the military do you think that they are a threat to democracy. of course not out them ocracy is
a very strong our democracy survived the p.t. governments because they want to stay forever in power ok our democracy. has the balance of powers very very straight ok there is active does his job the let's just look at does the job they do charge system does this job. the president chose military people for his cabinet this is normal. and these guys are here working a civilian not military the ahmed force they are doing all of their job also more than that i don't see an spread for democracy in brazil. one of the rule of no i mean president has said in the past that. he. reward members of security forces that can criminals have policies such as this one well what happened that we are
dealing with so war in brazil drug war ok you have a lot of narco guerrillas here a this state is not doing its paper it's the state was born ok so that people could have an umbrella for them so that security would be if ok in the streets in the house so we have to deal with this sometimes the president uses strong words for the fight that we're having you see that every year more than one hundred two hundred policemen are killed here in brazil. that's not happens in other kinds in other countries of the ward so we have to work hard in this it's not all. we did the repression was the police the police work we have to deal with. the our provisional system and we have to do with our law enforcement system and and we have to work with the social system to the government has is now proposing
afghans and reform to save three hundred billion dollars from the economy what other things you need need to happen to jump starting the present an economy well what happens is we have a deficiency budget ok and our fiscal problems very have it we have today some forty billion dollars ok of depth to every year we are paying a marshall plan every year of just deb's almost one hundred billion dollars a year and it is split the country completely tie it in the country stop it so. and we have this pension system reform we have to have a tax system reform we have to. based capes. brooke to. system ok things in brazil are very regulated we have to regulate brazil i think once we can do this the country will go to
a moment of good progress many many reforms they had crime corruption and you think you have to pass at the congress well we have to deal with this is not easy but if was easy it was not for us ok i can tell you this so we have to convince the congress we have to talk with for congress member we have also to create to convince the population of the in assessed you do reforms. this is democracy democracy works that this way. if was a dictatorship where you should say ok it's a deal send all we have to talk with everybody when the stand is there as i think you said before many we form has to be made but still no real legislation to address the problems that affect minorities black people women indigenous communities do you believe that they need special legislation or for the government
to start thinking of legislation that will protect them in some way while they are protected because our constitution is a very huge one. there are access to sion. protects everybody here to discuss the problem of human rights and the minorities i don't feel i'm protected here in brazil. and their government he looks very he has a very good look for d.s. ok nobody's going to be produced here in brazil. so what what do you think off there for example we have been talking to some people from the gay community one of them is that lawmaker that says that he had to leave the country because of a death threat. and many people said that they were leaving the country because they were afraid about many of the comments the president what would you tell them
well first of all they had to proof ok that. they were affected by this kind of pressures second i don't see a walk in the streets i don't see anybody ok fighting gay people ok these have their lives i think here in brazil we have the biggest gay parades of the woods and it against the biggest death and killings off off members south and t.t.t. also because we have a lot of them to our populations more than two hundred million we have a lot of gay people here in brazil and they are not killed because they are gays the are killed because all crimes that happens is. a kind of people once sixty thousand people were killed here in brazil some of them from the gay community i don't see a gay persecution here in brazil so you don't think that lawmakers are unwilling laughter and that the death threats lee received when real mr john we should have
stayed here in brazil and represent the people that voted him he should be in congress doing his work. what do you think i mean poverty is a vacation inequality is a vacation in brazil what is going on and what is this government i don't know in order to to resolve it well to resolve poverty here in brazil we are going to need a lot of time ok but we have to improve already investments in education and has helps a. social security system because what we believe we believed to to suppress poverty we have to put everybody in the same point at the line of the portrait ok for people who receive a good education if they had assess a good health ok they can get a good job and so he can get progress to their lives that's why we have to do. of course that some of them has to be assisted by the states i think so you know i
think that there needs to be special programs in order to fight inequality i mean it's just government assistance but no you know inequality is a serious problem and it's a major. issue and many of the status especially northeast the country what happened in the equality is just what i've seen to do if people don't have access to education if they don't have at excess to help us be a going to stay in the lower side of this so show a resource show or a part of me it's ok so we have to give them. education we have to give them helps once they get access to these ok they can get a good job they can progress because if they don't have this they will stay in the lower parts of our society is one of the laws that are you going to plan on or one of the programs that you're planning to present congress this is not a problem of laws laws we have we have enough laws or we need to do is to enforce
that this happens because you see money flows to every park in the world in brazil ok so that they have schools they have teachers they have hospitals ok by what happens this does muddy the corruption took it so what do we have to do to stop corruption and the money has to reach where it has to reach during the campaign there were talks that the government was planning to open up the amazones in some areas for agribusiness if they still make a stand something like that. our government or ensuring the campaign we never talked about this what happened we haven't laughed leant it is able to the agriculture business ok we can be the barn of the world like they used to say we can feed the world we still and that we are already dealing them as on rain forests
is going to be preserve it i've been there a lot of time and she's there and she's going to be there for centuries and i'm not indigenous communities where many say that they're under threat. they have their limits what do you want that they have jobs ok that they can produce to feed themselves ok to have access to or what they need they can't be preserved like animals in a zoo they have to have jobs. there are reports almost constantly about members of indigenous communities that are being killed by. a different type of our many terror groups among others i mean it's you know that this is happening about is this doesn't happen in brazil it doesn't happen this doesn't happen here in brazil you can have some problems in the area of part of where and we had the point where they have the culture of the border reaches the forest ok and we have
a lot of like we see some fights between people who are trying to get to land that was not there ok with people that were trying to explore the woods woods in that in every forest ok but the police. system is getting with us but the order states every single ok during the campaign the president asked you not to talk to the press but you're still talking why in fact now the president didn't ask me not to talk was to press the present just told me to be careful. and your are you being careful was. one last question and result most vice presidents have a decorative role but you're certainly not you have very strong opinions about many many things wanted to be president of a country and you know you don't want to be for very good as vice presidents ok the
point that's what i was chosen way bistable sonar i'm ok with my position what is the most important role you play as a vice president during the five minutes range to be in the swart of my president i mean for now vice president of brazil thanks for talking to lunches and nice to meet you there is a. christian priest you are a friend of the palestinians is a tool. for everyone and champion of the palestinian cause.
and activist who is willing to sacrifice his freedom. for his beliefs. al-jazeera world tells the extraordinary story of the archbishop and the p.l.o. . it's the first day of school in bob an elementary school in mosul. this was a military base firing rocket propelled grenades some mall to a nearby and out it falsus. most helpful and what it is like to be in school up to three years. six year old. as like he's home and almost wiped out his entire family he now lives in the partly destroyed halls with his father and grandfather. all the protests his son for the first day in school is hopeful new friends would hope is that
a company. in slave abuse. the plight of too many of these good after a lifetime of servitude a remarkable young woman breaks free. to lead an abolitionist movement of electrifying force was. driven by her favorite book collection of subjugation. my memory is my power a witness documentary on a. hello
i'm maryam namazie and london just a quick look at the top stories now protesters in algeria continuing to demand president abdelaziz bouteflika abandon his plan to run for a fifth term in office the campaign manager of the eighty two year old submitted his official papers but said pitifully coco for fresh elections within the year if
he is reelected in april the head of the election commission has said that all candidates miss admit they can to see papers in person. is currently in switzerland receiving medical treatment that at all. thank you. students in algiers telling their president it's time to go. the protesters wanted the constitutional court to stop abdelaziz bouteflika standing for a fifth term in next month's election. police fired water cannon in the capital as the crowd swells i know. the protests have been echoed in places like france thousands demonstrated in paris on sunday as well as in other cities we are all mobilizing through for example today being many be going up against their fifty mandates but also against the system they have taken our country away from
president putin who's eighty two has used a wheelchair since suffering a stroke in twenty thirteen and is rarely seen in public he recently traveled to switzerland for medical checks. on saturday he said he's a veteran campaign manager possibly a tactic to calm the growing protest movement. the data for tens of thousands of people took to the streets in the capital and in towns across algeria protesters held rocks at police who fired tear gas more than two hundred people including dozens of police officers were injured the protests represent the biggest challenge the beautiful it has ruled since the twenty fourteen election which was denounced by the opposition member on the fourth. twenty fourteen there were tens to hundreds of protesters so not that much we're seeing now hundreds of thousands of protesters and the concentration was just in algiers and maybe one or two towns but that was it still in terms of intensity scale geographical location.
numbers we're talking about a very very different level and it's very surprising. in algeria half the population is under the age of thirty and calls for pro. tests on social media have resonated particularly with young jury as you struggle to find the point for now and there is a state of the protests. zero. the u.s. and south korea have announced they will scale back a joint military exercises a large scale drills on the korean peninsula have been a point of contention with north korea's leader kim jong un washington and seoul say it's part of efforts to improve ties with pyongyang the two will still carry out smaller joint exercises the decision follows donald trump second summit with came in hanoi which ended without any agreement. funerals have been held for some of the victims of the recent fighting in the disputed region of kashmir at least seven people were killed on saturday in cross border shelling between india and
pakistan tensions remain high enough to both sides said they shot down each other's jets on wednesday. there's been a large explosion in the eastern syrian town of by myself fighters are trying to cling on to the last territory they hold in the country the u.s. backed kurdish forces have launched a final assault on the armed group to drive them out of the village of all civilians have been cleared from the town and taken to an s.d.s. camp near the border with iraq the s.d.f. says they have almost completely driven icily out of that land and vote counting has begun following parliamentary elections in a stone poll that is seen as a test for the far right center left prime minister jiri rattus is the front runner but he's likely to face difficulties in forming a parliamentary majority he's in a tight race with the liberal reform party and the nationalist stony and
conservative people's party has been making gains since the migration crisis in two thousand and fifteen. zero the headlines stay with us face to face is coming up next. can i in a sense grew up together we were within a year of the same age and you know we were kind of naively optimistic and built the company and most of it as rivals but we always retained a certain respect communication including even when he was sacked i got to go out and spend time with steve joel the man of many lives wonderkid weddle a sort of new age guru of high tech. bill gates the
richest man in the world a relentless achiever fueled by dreams of greatness. to supernovas who synergy and rivalry led to the creation of a binary system with a friendly i don't think they called each others say they know it's my birthday happy birthday i don't think it was that kind of relationship and microsoft's just you know that it's mcdonald's the only thing they had in common was having dropped out of school to pursue their vision of your dreams though they never worked in the same company they created an industry together and we have a hippie editor. gates and jobs the mightiest jewel of the tech industry has ever known the epic battle between mac and p.c. jobs the hippie and gates the geek literally dictated the future of the computer.
in the seventy's steve jobs and bill gates are still adolescents video games are just starting to appear. computers still are enormous machines super computers that only the largest companies can afford a market dominated by the american multinational i.b.m. . a native of seattle and son of a well family bill gates enjoys creating computer programs and software during his high school and university days with his friend paul allen. bill gates and paul allen they were after harvard and at a computer store at the bookstore and harvard square there was a magazine popular electronics january one thousand seventy five and it had a picture of the l. tear on the cover that was the gun that was fired the start of the race for
them the all to all the dinosaurs of postum computer who's a rudimentary tool a mix of total switches and flashing lights it is reborn thanks to bill gates and paul island by creating a programming language for the ultima called basic they provide it with intelligence. level lucia knowing. the languages thing was what they were passionate about bill gates and paul allen's goal in one hundred seventy five was to dominate the languages business on personal computers that's why they left harvard immediately afterwards in april nine hundred seventy five gates and allen start their company microsoft the purpose is to sell basic but above all to develop new software for future computers also in one thousand nine hundred eighty five in palo alto california another do you steve jobs and steve wozniak high school students who are fans of this new technology also discovered the ultimate h.
the start of an epic journey. steve was now he looked at that l. tear for him this was not elegant. too many chips the thing was too big so immediately what was was doing this head was saying i can design a computer all on one board this would be the one was in job's other first to succeed in putting all of the components that make a computer hooked onto a single board power supply keyboard and memory all connected to screen the two friends had just invented the personal computer making out the one was purely was his idea and it was purely his design but once he showed it to his good friend steve jobs steve is the marketing person that you see. we can make money. but for now the apple one is being manufactured in the job's family garage.
i'm pretty much the only person who worked in the car eyes at least on the apple line. steve jobs was on the phone all the time he was in the kitchen on the phone i was in the garage testing up on boards one year after the founding of microsoft the apple computer companies established in april nine hundred seventy six microsoft and apple the two pillars of the computer revolution they both and a believe that computers were not just important but crucial. and. and yet they had a very different way of going after it jobs was coming from hardware and and gates was coming at it from software and that was so they came at it from two different directions but they both. were very strong minded
men who believed they were they were changing the world. while bill gates continues to develop his basic the silicon valley do you want push ahead steve wozniak develops the apple two steve jobs looks for investors so that he can grow his young company. impressed by jobs angel investor mike markham invests two hundred fifty thousand dollars in which expands and moves to cupertino where its headquarters are still located today. the how many calculators you ought to marry and you have to use the automatic bank telling machines short so life is already seducing you into learning the stuff and it's certainly not an eight nine hundred eighty four ish biz vision at all it's just going to be very gradual and very human and will seduce you into learning how
to use jobs and was unveiled their new computer in the spring of one thousand nine hundred seventy seven at the computer fair in san francisco the apple two is a small shade. the apple two was a huge step that was actually really the first all usable personal computer the apple two always you know i always thought it was magical because you could do almost anything you thought of if he were creative enough the apple to the first personal computer designed for the general public the sales are phenomenal it in bodies the computer revolution but it has a serious handicap and the person who has the solution is bill gates was the acro version of basic but it wasn't completely up to date that was a certain aspect of it that wasn't in there so they began looking around for another version of basic that ran on that ship.