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tv   The Peacekillers  Al Jazeera  March 7, 2019 12:32pm-1:01pm +03

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re-establish what a pond a hero it's often because of just giving back something that probably would have been here years and years ago hopefully the droppings will into the forest. and live on. your skin real soft touch on the back. so how much longer do you think you're retiring may fourth of releases for but a few more laces today and then after that it's mainly just monitoring the populations. which upon the now exist on for islands as in base to predators us lowly removed from other locations that number is expected to rise the hope is that one day later punk could return to the mainland they want thrived. there is certainly the bill for change here in new zealand while people and institutions are taking action in support of
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native species the government has even committed to rid the country of human introduced pests by twenty fifteen there is still a bang way to go but at least the future is now looking optimistic. plants reproductive cells are found in its pollen. when an insect visits a flower to feed off its nectar pollen rubs off from the male stayman on to the insect and sticks to the hairs on its body. as the insect moves on to another flower grains of pollen are transferred to the female stigma that's when pollination happens so that seeds and fruit produced. around seventy five percent of all crop species require pollination by an animal often insects including beads but also other animals such as birds and bats but two out of five insect
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pollinators a disappearing and with them our food supply. in southwest china wild bees have been eradicated by intensive farming so people are doing the work the bees once did . every year in hundred one county thousands of villages painstakingly pollinate every single apple and pear blossom by hand using a long stick attached to brushes or chicken feathers. the method works with some high value approaching us but the simply aren't enough people to pollinate all of the world's crops much more effective would be to nurture pollinating insects populations in orchards by banning pesticides and planting natural habitats. bees and other insects have been safeguarding our food supply for millennia the least we can do in return is to provide them with what they need to survive.
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with a long history of habitat loss and industrialize farming here for seeing some of the worst cases of infected hind and extinction in the world i've come to the u.k. to see how all the industrial sites are being turned into bug reserve. in an attempt to reverse this worrying trend. professor dave goulston has been studying in six for over twenty years and understands just how damaging their rapid decline could be not to go so why are insects disappearing that there's a whole host of challenges for a face to do with us modern farming methods become very reliant on using lots and lots of pesticides which mean the farmer can grow a perfect monoculture without an insect inside it the entire baton it'll diversity surrounding us is just a hung from
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a species instead of the hundreds of species that used to live here and a lot of people think this is war the british countryside should look like but it's only been like this for a few decades it's basically makes the landscape uninhabitable for most insects is there anything we can do to turn this around or have we sort of passed the tipping point for some species it's too late some of gone extinct but for the majority best still here and we need to make sure we look after we should be absolutely terrified about this this should should be something that everyone is talking about and everyone is key to it because if if we don't we face a really believe. it's a call to arms if there ever was one and here in the u.k. some groups are taking the warnings of entomologists seriously. i'm on my way to camp you wait to see the you case first reserve for in sacks. i'm due to be dr sarah henschel an entomologist a bug life an organization dedicated to the protection of insects. but this
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desolate next industrial or brownfield site is not exactly what i was expecting. her you must be sarah i am married here and soon i'm very. welcome to come us it just through those gates that as one of them a fire divider and while. rich sites in britain. join to take a look i really really. wanted this place used to be the best site you stupid or you were finery you can see remnants of industry all around us has been abandoned for more than forty years and why is an old oil refinery an ideal spot for protecting bugs hasn't been managed has been a pesticide so it's providing not true crumpets hearts that have been walks in the wider landscape wildlife is using this is a rescue to release. their
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words as it looks like a helicopter should be landing any minute now to a large tarmac base there's about sixty of them across the site they would have how is the large oil storage tank as you can say now is coring back and how many species of insects are there on the site over two thousand five hundred different species on this site alone including some found nowhere else this is why the size of the case facebook is three try to find some return a little hunting one of the things about a brownfield site which makes so many all these different habitats and where the small place a barrier the ground to back the nest flowers feed on scrope and trees to the winter and fight it shelves it is an amazing mosaic of everything they need all in one place so why are these insects so important to the natural landscape so we need healthy eater systems invertebrates indicate for us if the books to hop a and the metaphor is happy so the mammals and the birds have also hobbies at least look after the books and everything else will fall into line. camp the week has
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been described as a little brown field rain forest and i can definitely see why. there are bugs everywhere so many that a team of volunteers carry out surveying work throughout the whole year rorion image and already have their morning's work set out on their table which double. as a lab i don't want to reach here what's going on in here this was really active ground beetles there's a predator a living this back grounds. are actually only found here did you catch these all today or over the past week jason spring day to day you still see this in which diversity of life here. and what will this help you through before so give us a girl run our hair and not wait we can see how it's improved on what we see more of what we're doing regular studies like this. like it is really important to
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see how the rest the country is doing do you release the insects or do you take them back to a laboratory what happens to them most of them we can so we can really. take a look at kind of caterpillars this is a mucky muck and so has their living saw this protective on the joys you used to find and if you were out in the u.k. but. on these classes and. we see them all over the place i think this is a package of. the. right. space is that it's. going to surviving on sites like this. since bug life started serving nearly ten years ago three insect species believed to be extinct has been discovered here and . it's exciting and i can't resist trying to find a few myself that want to go to the box sort of all right. i had something.
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this is a tree back here and i want to look at this home a flaw i have a fire that i really critically important to the ecosystem and i'm not. quite down to just. to the set of them as well as i was talking about buying them from these yeah. it all seems like good fun but this surveying is crucial not only for monitoring insect numbers but also managing the land so that it provides the best possible habitat for these creatures to thrive. emission has offered to show me a declining species that need some special treatment but i haven't here say that a brown debate and it's one of the two hundred different species of peace and last that you can find on this site and over what is to remove some vegetations they have some background they can borrow into and make what we call b. cliffs removing vegetation sounds counter-intuitive to a nature lover like myself but emission is the expert so i'll wait to see what she
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has to show me she's taking me to find an elevated spot to create rb cliffs. so what we're going to be doing is we're going to be cutting back a lot of across a lot of scrub a lot of people when they want to save invertebrates they figure they have to walk far meadows which is incredibly important but also they do really need these nice areas that they can live it and how do they occupy the space so they sort of burrow into the sand yes there were thought to yourself obvious finest i know how you like this one. and don't take a little marston's have. to. give a really good dentist to release the bass yeah definitely. it's so amazing to be so close to it especially when it's such a rush to be sure we often think of conservation and species we just think of these
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meadows in these perfectly manicured landscapes or in the middle of a wasteland it's not a wasteland to them it's the out of my mates in fact the last place they can be in this area so it's really important that we take that into consideration when we make decisions about. today can be weak has been a resoundingly success. but to save britain's in sex more land must be given over to their protection. sara wants me to see another site the bug life is looking to reclaim twenty kilometers down the road. western marshes if successful it could add an additional seven hectares of protected habitat to the cause it's been a quiet open fire with. fire and i went over a few times are really excite you. before the site was abandoned it was a coal fired power station this black substrate is the fly ash which is the
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byproduct was later on in the summer these low nutrient poor quality cereals really favor the wallflowers that. was. really love and take advantage of the untrained eye it looks like so we've had to do a huge amount of work campaigning and raising awareness and we hope this is going to be one of our next big reserves and. you have a lot of resistance when you approach developers and local governments when you want to talk about conservation on sites that could earn a lot of money for them of course because this is prime development. fortunately in just ten years the hoff with the brownfield will person just to land in the thames gateway or you've been developed so it demonstrates the need for sites such as county where and hopefully this in the future that preserved things because we're losing this resource quicker than even finding out how important is. this i prize an amazing opportunity to challenge perception on the key drivers of size
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investments books that are important and i think we should have more of these not only in the u.k. but elsewhere in the world. after hanging out with sarah and her amazing team of bug life i don't think i can ever go by any piece of land no matter how derelict and forgotten and not see its full potential and we really need to have this shift in perspective because as our own species rapidly grows in industrialised his land every square inch counts and by protecting our insect neighbors will ultimately safeguarding our own future. insect's numbers are in steep decline but across the globe people are endeavoring to reverse this alarming trend. in the u.s.
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conservationists at oregon zoo a saving to local butterfly species by breeding and releasing as many as two thousand along the coast each year. and an engineering student at simon fraser university in canada has designed a realtime beehive monitoring system to track b. health through microphones and heat senses. by helping to pinpoint the causes of colony collapse disorder or invention has the potential to save millions of bees. the race is on to prevent the collapse of the planet's insect populations if life on earth is to continue as we know it then we need to move fast. he's everywhere and it's choking our planet very toxic and very dangerous to get
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fangs years painting if i along the breakthroughs all being made showing that it is possible to change our relationship with these nine a substance they simply running out on. me laugh at me come on let me be proud of moon plastic waste of fries on al-jazeera how do you turn and. it's the fos day of school in bob an elementary school in mosul. this school is a military base firing rocket propelled grenades on multiples of nearby and out that falsus. most helpful gauteng what it is like to be in school up to three years old war. six year old sala. s. like his home and almost wiped out his entire family he now lives in the public destroyed hols with his father and grandfather. solace for the professor his son for the first day in school is hopeful new friends would hope is that
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a company. president's son donald trump jr was promised a damaging information about hillary clinton allegation like to see the investigation stick the troops did the trump card. with russia did you at any time of the urge the former f.b.i. director james comey in any way shape or form to close or to back down the investigation into michael flynn and also as you will know. next question octal field washington on al-jazeera. we i left there was no choice but to challenge. one of the world's tech giants suing the u.s. government.
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you want you know just zero life from headquarters in doha i'm dead you know brigade also ahead a war that's caused a humanitarian disaster a new push by u.s. politicians to end the conflict in yemen expelled for standing by venezuela's opposition leader the german diplomat at the center of a political red. and why racing has been suspended indefinitely at a famous horse track in the u.s. . hello chinese telecom giant why way is taking the u.s. government to court it's challenging a federal law which restricts u.s. government agencies from using weiwei products the company has also accused washington of hacking its servers and stealing e-mails the u.s. considers why waste products a security threat and has beijing can use its equipment to spy on federal agencies
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the u.s. government had said. it's right it has hacked into service and this story and e-mails and. tragedies the u.s. government has never prove why do you. suppose. that i we pose a sample a security issue right. the u.s. government is no effort to a company and its public i bought. our correspondent adrian brown has been at that news conference and why ways headquarters joining us from sens then how unprecedented is it adrian for a chinese company to come out and speak so publicly. well there in i think it's fairly rare for a chinese company to one you know hold
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a news conference like this to invite selected media including al-jazeera to put questions to these executives questions we did not have to submit in advance it is very rare also for you know a chinese company to announce it's suing the u.s. government i can't recall a case where this has happened before what was clear today is a while away is saying to the united states we want to cooperate with you but we're also up for a fight now there was very much an international line up at this news conference we heard voices from the united kingdom from the united states and these were executives who were offering technical legal and also constitutional opinions the overall message coming through was that the united states is behaving in an unjust way so while way is resorting to the courts and it believes and hopes it's going to get a fair trial in the united states it's saying this is not simply a symbolic action this is a genuine action that they want to take to the u.s.
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courts as i say they took questions from a number of journalists including one from myself and my question was put to mr song looping who is why our ways chief legal officer. you say that to our way is not influenced or controlled in any way by the chinese government but if the chinese government were to ask you to pass on a customer's information in the interests of national security would you say no. the top officials of the chinese government have made it very clear on multiple occasions that chinese companies need to comply with local laws when they are operating globally the chinese government has also made it clear that china has no laws requiring enterprises or individuals to install back doors or collect intelligence from another country for the chinese government we have never received a request from any government including the chinese to install back doors or
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collect intelligence if it's beyond the law to request so as we're hearing a rejects the allegations against them put forward by the u.s. government. where does this all go to next. well i think what we're witnessing now is a sort of offensive that involves a couple of approaches legal and the media at the moment they're focusing on a media strategy trying to get their message out to as many foreign news organizations as possible in the past as i say chinese companies simply did not operate this way now they insist they're not operating in tandem with the chinese government but online you all started to see a lot of videos praising wall ways smartphones and equipment i think while way is a company that chimes with many chinese people sense of patriotism and pride this is a company that in many ways is
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a symbol of all that china has achieved in the past thirty years and of course story it is a company that is very much in a sense at the center of the trade friction between china and the united states right now and you know importantly i think one way is now finding itself caught in the middle of a tech war between the world's two major superpowers china and the united states with some countries now being forced to take sides ok adrian brown with an update from charles and thank you so the u.s. has had long standing concerns as you're hearing about that tech giant and tensions first escalated back in twenty twelve following an investigation into why away and its rival. a congressional panel warned that both firms pose a security threat phosphor words so last year why waste chief financial officer sued the daughter of the company's founder was arrested in vancouver that was at the request of the united states then in january the justice department filed
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charges against weiwei for mang relating to fraud obstruction of justice and attempted that of theft of trade secrets of president donald trump has weighed in saying that he would consider intervening if it serves national security interests or how close a trade deal with china in our tangan is a china economic and political analyst he says while ways lawsuit is mainly about getting the company's side of the story outs. this is really about political ping-pong trump has declared that he is willing to use this as some sort of. gun or tactic part of his overall let's create chaos and see what comes out of it approach to trade and they're going to be pushing on the this is entirely political i think that it plays better in. canada where they can legitimately say that look this is this this has really nothing to do with the canadian law and the
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things this is purely a political matter where the president is trying to use something that is convenient to push a trade policy that is only for the united states it's painting the u.s. in a bad light it makes donald trump and his administration appear to be bullies rather than friends and it's getting a very very skeptical response from europe in particular which has taken a couple of actions and both in britain and in the e.u. indicating that they don't really buy into this hysteria over a hallway the u.s. trade deficit meanwhile has reached a record high it's a blow for president donald trump who has been trying to reduce the gap between u.s. imports and exports by imposing tariffs on chinese goods more from our white house correspondent kimberly healthcare. the report by the u.s. commerce department stands in stark contrast to what president donald trump said
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just days ago and you saw the trade deficits went down last month there was trying to find out why what would take in a lot of tariff money and it's going right to the bottom line and it has reduced the trade deficit so in reality new data shows the trade gap between the united states and china in particular has widened last year by forty three billion to four hundred and nineteen billion it's a result of an increase in exports from china to the united states well exports of u.s. goods dropped. and the u.s. trade gap overall well it's swelled to a ten year six hundred twenty one billion dollar high their numbers not seen since the global financial crisis of two thousand and eight that means quite simply that the united states imports far more goods and services worldwide that it sells this despite promises made by the u.s. president on the campaign trail in two thousand and sixteen that his policies would
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put america first in the global marketplace the u.s. is currently embroiled in a tit for tat trade war with china posing tariffs to more than two hundred fifty billion of chinese goods china hit back with tariffs on a hundred ten billion of u.s. products as the two sides continue to negotiate trump has delayed his threat to impose tariffs on two hundred billion more of chinese imports in the u.s. and in september the white house released this video arguing the tariffs have already had a positive impact we're changing things and we're changing them fast but the commerce department numbers suggest a very different trade reality than the one the u.s. president seems unwilling to acknowledge kimberly health at al-jazeera washington well u.s. congressional committee has been told the white house needs to do more to end the war in yemen the warning comes from expert testimony gathered by members of the
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house of representatives it says the fighting could create long term instability and pose a future threat to the u.s. alan fischer reports from washington to be discussed how to bring an end to almost five years of fighting thousands of kilometers away but this is no detached foreign war u.s. is part of the saudi led coalition confronting the fighters and the subcommittee chairman says request to certify the coalition is doing all it can to reduce civilian deaths have been ignored by the white house. the administration brazenly ignored the february ninth certification deadline the administration continues to refuse to certify ignoring a law supported by both republicans and democrats the war which escalated dramatically in march twenty fifteen has created the world's worst humanitarian crisis the united nations says twenty four million people need humanitarian assistance fourteen point three million need food and water simply to survive one
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expert witness told the committee there can be no humanitarian fix a political solution the humanitarian situation in yemen has sharply declined over the course of the war but any amount emergency humanitarian situation solution without a political settlement will not be enduring the house of representatives has voted to and u.s. funding for the war in yemen a move donald trump says he'll veto it one human rights activist says there must be an end to armed citizens to the saudi coalition says two thousand and fifteen the u.s. has supported saeed the attacks in yemen to civilians by sitting millions in bumps and other weapons and providing military and political support trump administration continues to support the saudis insisting it's an important regional partner especially when combating militants in the area but there's a warning continued involvement is creating future problems for the u.s. this is a for your palm.

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