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tv   14 Up South Africa P2  Al Jazeera  March 31, 2019 9:00am-10:01am +03

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forces remains in power while my dog continues to claim he's the country's legitimate leader. so far denied the existence of a humanitarian crisis but on friday he tacitly acknowledged that authorizing the red cross to undertake a massive emergency relief campaign many hope it will bring a level of respect to the millions who struggle to survive while the fight for political control of the country carries on. here as president donald trump has reports of demanded north korea hand over its nuclear weapons when the two sides met in vietnam last month reuters news agency says that trump presented with a document calling for his nuclear arsenal to be sent to the united states a lunch between the two leaders was canceled the same day before the come the summit was cut short. still ahead here on al-jazeera the economic fallout from briggs it may take years to judge but the blow to the u.k.
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for attention is already very real. hello again and welcome back to international weather forecast where across china we are looking at some rain that's coming into play over the next few days some of it will be heavy at times but out here towards the eastern part of china still holding on to some nice weather so for for a show we are looking at partly cloudy conditions a little bit cooler at about sixteen degrees there hong kong you will be seeing the rain but notice right here across the interior this is the air of low pressure that is developing but it is going to be making its way down here towards the south and the southwest and for noid that means some very heavy rains expected across northern vietnam well as we make a way down here across parts of south asia it's now here too bad for the
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philippines but what we are seeing the rain is across parts of the southern area of vietnam as well notice the sun the storms they build up in the afternoon that's going to continue maybe even cambodia will be seeing some rain as well tempers across the region into the low thirty's bangkok the rain has ended for you you have seen quite a few days of rain but your temperatures are going up we think on monday to about thirty four degrees there and speaking of those temperatures going up in india they're well above average right now we are talking about a heat wave in certain locations temperatures across the interior are actually going over forty degrees so for now per we are looking at about forty one degrees there in hyderabad about thirty nine. the weather sponsored by qatar in this. early isn't forced by their football fans who don't think about doping really had that lead explaining when real madrid it's love worth five hundred million euros expresses a position on something like the world anti-doping agency has to take notice. in
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part two of this series al-jazeera continues to explore the widespread use of performance enhancing drugs sports doping the endless chain on al-jazeera. and again you're watching out there a reminder of our top stories three people have been killed and at least two hundred forty palestinians injured during saturday's protests at the gaza israel front and a fourth man died from injuries sustained on friday israeli forces fired tear gas and live ammunition as tens of thousands gathered to mark the first anniversary if we keep protests. algerian army chief has repeated his call to apply article one
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hundred two of the constitution to remove the president of the lazies pretty flicka from office said day after millions took to the streets nationwide demanding political change. the number of cholera cases in mozambique to cycling to city better as risen to two hundred seventy one the country continues to deal with the aftermath of cycle and it which hit to more than two weeks ago damage to water and sanitation infrastructure has raised fears about containing a potential epidemic. now does or has seen a draft of the communique that leaders are set to release after the arab league summit in tunis on sunday it mentions a unified response to what's described as the trumpet administration's unlawful recognition of israel's sovereignty over the occupied golan heights the group that calls itself the libya quartet has been meeting on the sidelines of the arab league summit it failed to reach any major breakthrough but pledged to continue working to
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reconcile libya's warring factions. as more from choose this isn't the first time the international quartet has convened to try to and chaos and instability in libya but peace may still be a long way elf. the united nations secretary general the e.u. foreign policy chief the african union commission chairman and the arab league chief were all present at the meeting held in neighboring tunisia. but the meeting was snubbed by libya's prime minister phases. the authorities in tripoli have recently ramped up the rhetoric against the u.n. accusing it of failing to rein in general holly hunter a rival to surat has launch a military campaign to expand his influence in the south accusations dismissed by the international community which hopes
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a national conference during april my chart a new road map for a political settlement. there is a new energy and a growing interest among libyans which shows a desire to build a state based on institutions to serve the people and bring things back to normal we have to remember that libya is a rich country and has a lot of resources. in the eighty years since the revolt that toppled the libya has been marred by violence and political instability there are two competing powers in libya the government of general accord based into a pulley and backed by the u.n. but general is effectively running a rival government in the east backed by the u.a.e. and egypt he has repeated evolved to send troops to invade tripoli. i
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asked mr good terrorists if it was still possible today there are differences between a settlers and hafter despite failed attempts in the past. and there's possible exactly all of the lesions or just. some four hours of the fighting because you have the leaders the leaders themselves invited to resign his definition of a solution the united nations special envoy be told libyans the april beating him how did i miss near the border with algeria could be a crucial part charity for libyans and the eighty year transitional period and hold parliamentary and presidential elections for the international community wants libya's rival factions to set aside their differences and build a unified government there are also growing calls for a strong army that could defeat human trafficking armed groups and put an end to instability but that's going to be a distant goal with
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a deepening political divides between the authorities in the east and west of the country. to. protest as rallied in southwest yemen calling on saudi backed government forces to take full control of tires province. with the fighters have been seized the city of tires for more than four years an estimated two hundred thousand civilians have been caught up in the fighting most of the city has remained under the control of government forces but who thinks regularly attack with artillery shells and sniper fire. australia is following new zealand's lead with plans to stamp out violent content on social media sites following the christ church mosque attacks because it is proposing a law that will see social media companies fined and bosses potentially jailed for failing to remove violent material quickly enough the new zealand shooting suspect is accused of uploading video of the attacks on facebook. i have
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a responsibility when i put these platforms into public use to my show they scythe and that i cannot be weaponized by terrorists. similarly i shouldn't be weaponized other forms of how they can affect the youngest of eyes around to see to die three to my serious of criminal offenses and i have the technology to do this and i have the opportunity to do it and we're going to insist that i do it thousands of protesters have rallied in serbia's capital for a seventeenth week demanding the president's resignation they marched toward government buildings in belgrade secretly great to leave your freedom and free and fair elections president alexander which is policy has called for a snap election a year ahead of schedule. slovakia has elected a liberal lawyer as its next president in the exception to the recent european trend of gains by a right wing populists susana capital over his rival my doses of coverage has conceded defeat capital over is an environmental activist and lawyer who campaigned
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to encourage and slovakia's mainstream politics has been tarnished by the murder of an investigative journalist a year ago you know increase the uk exposed to high profile cases implicated several members of the government it is girlfriend who was shot in the. ukrainians are gearing up for polls on sunday where they will choose a president for field of thirty nine candidates one candidate stands out that is not a mere zelinsky a charismatic comedian who's never helped political office and he's ahead in the opinion polls trailing him current president petro poroshenko and former prime minister yulia timoshenko who are neck and neck in the race to make it to a runoff as more. this is the only expected front runner in the race to become ukraine's next president me as alinsky is an actor and comedian he's campaign appearances are stand up comedy acts what he lacks in actual
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policy or political experience he makes up for with his on screen persona in a popular television series as a teacher blows the whistle on corruption suddenly finding himself yes president of ukraine that's. great. he's famous for one thing young people see him as an anti establishment outsider figure which they like and this sort of thing. you know. i like this personality but it seems even he isn't sure if you can be president or not we don't know we just want to believe that he's a better option previous presidents with businessmen politicians and law is maybe a comedian can make a difference for ukraine many feel the political zelinsky could hardly do worse than the current president petro poroshenko he came to power after russia's
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annexation of crimea vowing to end the war in the east and sweep away corruption the billionaire confectionery king here immortalized in bullet casings and his own sweet and chocolate wrappers has bowed to pressure from the international monetary fund raising utility prices that hurt the poor and he's in a circle he's implicated in allegedly corrupt weapons purchases. if you see corruption i think we should talk about this let's why reason all of these. painting this is a conversation with president bush and first of all and if he will be elected for the second time i hold food there we'll make him to sing of all what kind of place in the history of wants to get. also in the running after two decades in politics and three years in prison is former prime minister yulia timoshenko many of her supporters at a final rally in central kiev were bussed in from the countryside drawn by
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a pledge to harvard consumer gas prices the focus of this election is the economy with few promises being made about the war that's the talks a question for all the candidates no one has that sort of know what has. no one wants to take responsibility for five years of war after a people's rebellion against russian influence and corruption and ukraine is a country that seems stuck unsure now which way to turn jonah. thousands of families in central perk have lost their homes in severe flooding thank you the area of union is the worst affected many people hard off by rising floodwaters had to leave their homes the government has declared a state of emergency injunction motto province and surrounding areas at least fifty one people have died since the rainy season began last month. there are reports
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that theresa may could put her deal to a fourth vote the british prime minister's latest bid to get her e.u. withdrawal agreement through parliament was rejected by fifty eight votes in central london pro breaks that protesters have rallied for a second day there were numerous demonstrations by both sides in the british capital on friday the day the u.k. was meant to leave the european union and in barbara as more. they're calling this the great great state betrayal rally smaller numbers than on friday outside parliament but the same anger the protestors say that they were promised the u.k. would leave the european union on the twenty ninth of march the date speed and go on and now with parliament due to consider indicative votes on other options for breaks it and no one really knowing what's going to happen there are extremely worried that either they'll be a big deal later breaks it or that it might not happen to talk now to reason may has hinted that she might go for a general election to get out of the past and of course breaks it will feature
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heavily in campaigning for that there could also be a participation by britain in the upcoming european parliament elections all that remains to be seen but for these activists they say that they're going to keep on the pressure so that the issue is front and center not just for parliament but around the country. when as the breaks in wrangling continues as growing concern about how it's affecting the u.k.'s image advertising experts say the hostile tone of the debate is damaging brand britain new barca has this report but access to the . fabian had died after the breakthrough fiasco for two reasons made the world is trying to find the break sees it seen by many countries as a baffling act of economic self sabotage. the financing in the u.k. appears to be a nation divided. racked by political turmoil and all this uncertainty is doing
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damage to brand britain the land of winston churchill red buses the royal family shakespeare the list goes on six thousand kilometers away in the nigerian capital of breaks it is a source of bewilderment and she's very serious damage to the image of not deliberately government will be too nice a point. it's a view shared in the french capital paris i want to i used to see person as a normal country part of europe now i find them quite individualistic and a little selfish. and washington d.c. what happened to this wonderful country her deal does not have the numbers from outside the u.k. the country's parliamentary democracy may sometimes look like it's about to implode . already. but this up a serial style of politics has worked quite well for hundreds of years even if
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parliament seems to be struggling now there are worries about the impact of breaks in all aspects of life here in the u.k. from the cost of food to the availability of medicines and even toilet roll so how do brits keep calm and carry on. so great i go. how do they put the question to a leading brand experts who sells optimism for a living people will not keep calm and carry on for much longer they want certainty a clear sense of direction leader and a team around him or her to convey a future with optimism and clarity. many breaks its supporters believe it will breathe new life into a brand britain want to break six main players government minister michael gove called it a moment of him being patriotic renewal britain has a rich history and it mild legal system a multicultural multifaith society and then there's the english language. breaks it's also unlikely to stop the tourists just be rated online as the best
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travel destination in the world but as m.p.'s struggle to unite around a single vision brand britain faces only more publicity. for more than two hundred marks around the world went dark for an hour to raise awareness of climate change the eiffel tower the brandenburg gate and sit. the opera house with just a few of the monuments switched off for the annual lights out of it is in its thirteenth year organizers hope it will inspire people to campaign to protect the planet. so this is out there these are the top stories three people have been killed in at least two hundred forty palestinians injured during protests at the gaza israel
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fans fourth man died from injuries sustained on friday israeli forces fired tear gas and live ammunition as tens of thousands gathered to mark the first anniversary of weekend protests algeria's army chief has repeated his call to apply article one hundred two of the constitution to remove president abilities bootie flicka from office this is a day after millions took to the streets nationwide demanding political change. the position taken by the algerian military has always been within the legitimacy of the constitution as always upheld the interest of the algerian people above all it is always seen that the solution to the crisis can't be anything other than the implementation of article one hundred two of the constitution the number of cholera cases in mozambique site claimed hit city of bear has risen to two hundred seventy one the country continues to deal with the aftermath of cycling which hit more than two weeks ago damage to water and sanitation infrastructure has raised fears about
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about containing a potential epidemic. security forces in venezuela have fired tear gas to disperse demonstrators in the capital caracas opposition protesters have been voicing their anger at continuing energy blackouts which are a group rating economic problems there's been a rival rally by supporters of the president because during the blame's of power outages on terrorist attacks on one hundred electoral. thousands of families in central peru have lost their homes in severe flooding. the area of union is the worst affected many people contact fire rising floodwaters had to leave their homes the government has declared a state of emergency in provence and surrounding areas. thousands of protesters have rallied in serbia's capital for a seventeenth week demanding the president's resignation and march towards government buildings in belgrade seeking greater media freedom and free and fair elections president sons of bitches party has called for snap election. headlines
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we've got more news coming up here not to write off the inside story. as it breaks as well as the police investigation the prime minister says there will also be a national inquiry with details covering the trade with saudi arabia is going to be a very important components of life in post britain. from around the world that allen is a symbol. behind. could robots kill well the u.n. is currently being urged to ban weapons that can cause fatal harm without human control so how likely is this and how prepared are we for what could be a lethal development in our official intelligence this is inside story.
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we're. alone welcome to the program i'm devika pollen killer robots well that sounds like the name of a science fiction movie but they could become a reality and soon scientists say artificial intelligence has developed so quickly that we could be seeing weapons that can choose a targets and kill without a human controlling it the u.n. has held five days of talks in geneva on banning what are known as lethal autonomous weapons but the u.s. russia israel and the u.k. are against any restrictions saying these developments could make war safer we'll be bringing our guests and in just a moment but first here's a science and technology editor mariana holland. all we have here is our primary test facility i was driving around twenty four hours a day seven days
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a week robots road here being tested to deliver discover to do what they're programmed to do. but what you want to find here is a so-called kill of robot a fully autonomous weapon designed to hunt and kill without a human involved as far as we know they don't exist yet but canadian company clear path insists killer robots have no place on the battlefield we feel. that there is a a line which is being crossed with this technology and we feel that on top of being riskier than anyone that actually appreciates right now there is a disconnect from there is an ethical and moral disconnect from. from war we think that these weapon systems are going to be used in all sorts of dangerous ways both by major powers and non-state actors alike i love. the risks
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of say i'm ashamed killing the wrong person of being hacked of engaging with another machine in a conflict a some of the reasons the company says it took a stand in two thousand and fourteen it has committed to not knowingly at least create fully autonomous weapons thousands of scientists engineers to companies and out official intelligence experts have done the same but they're not shunning military contracts completely they say ai can be a valuable tool. the pentagon just last month called on big companies to help develop its ai capabilities russia and china rule really investing in military ai technology i think it really first comes down to the responsibility of every engineer and developer to ensure that. the governments around the world are aware of the risks in the use of this technology and that these decisions
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are being made in a in a rational considered way and then from there perhaps they can start having conversations about. if their company in particular themselves in particular should work on these this technology take work as a demanding transparency is the bosses i knew who had potentially lucrative defense contracts some of them have chosen to leave and work for companies like cleopatra it all boils down to wanting to know what they create and whether it's technology that could kill all save lives medium hond al-jazeera. and we can now bring in our panel joining us from london as well crossthwaite he's the co-founder of ken's i that's an artificial analysis consultancy company and in oxford on skype mario mario rosaria the day oh research fellow at the oxford
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internet institute's and also in london to become an international human rights lawyer and barrister at guernica thirty seven an international law firm welcome to the program i am going to start with you mr de o. and i ask you why is there so much concern about these lethal automated weapons why has it come to so this where the united nations is beaking are there is a conversation about banding. rather the conversation as being i don't. use of autonomous systems in conflict or in not going on about the field is something that is being constantly evolving for the past two decades at the moment a discussion has gained much more momentum because we are the point in which we start seeing here i though being quite fast and become a successful it is the moment and it is a chance this thing i want to start the use of on the systems and.
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weapons systems on the battlefield the question is that those who were part of the plan into these machines and the bought a feel thing that what is going to have strategy is going to help save the life of the soldiers of the army was the plight of these machines but there is also a big important question to be address which is whether a machine should be left in charge of designing whether to keep a human being or not which is a fundamentally ethical question should never be the case that the human life is taken by a machine was designed the sighted autonomy to go their way and this question opens up as i say as people who say it kind of warms because there are a lot of other issues having to do it to the principal of human dignity the right to live by those specific questions which afterward are to do with just were cheery and is about the principle of distinction proportionality education's possibility
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so basically we see a new development in that no g. which could facilitate war riding. my horse riding to a much more mythical level the receipts obama. people are starting to have this is fashion's ok well crossfade how far are we from seeing machines being able to make decisions our target humans and kill them without human control behind them as that's the direction we're heading. well targeting human beings to kill them automatically is something that we are already seeing an already able to do there's already automatic weapons like the phallic system on ships which enables automatically to shoot down incoming missiles or threats to that ship and that's been in deployment since the one nine hundred eighty s. so we are already seeing weapons which are being able to automatically operate themselves albeit that that's done under the control of a human operator so that come that human operator has to operate the machine turn
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it on and switch it to automatic mode so we're already seeing weapons systems like this that are already in deployment what we're talking about here i think where the hype has around as is that we're looking at weapons systems which are making the decision to kill now that's a very different principle and that's sort of giving autonomy to machines in the sense that they're making the thought process behind whether it's viable to kill a person or not and i think that we're very far away from it decades if not longer because the human gene intelligence is not ready at that stage machine intelligence is being deployed into weapon systems in a smaller scale where it's being used in a very targeted way whether it's target acquisition whether that's using convolutional neural networks to visually identify targets which is something that project maven sought to do with google last year with the with the u.s. government but overarching lee it's a different question between automatic machines that can kill and machines that can
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choose to kill and that's something that should not be conflated and something which i think we are at risk of conflating and i think that that's the position of many governments around the world that we conflate those two are arguments up between automatic weapons the designed to target and the parameters set by human beings on the one hand and on the other hand machines that are making the decision to kill off their own back. so we can let me bring you in on the how far or how closely does the current do the current regulations we have right now the current principles of law of armed conflict international humanitarian law how how acquits are they currently to deal with the issue of automated weapons or lethal automated weapons where these machines or so-called robots are doing the killing or perhaps even in the decision process of who should be targeted. i can as i speak as already
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sent in a speaker who was referring to questions such as proportionality. there are obviously a number of legal principles when a military. action is carried out there are certain things that we need to look at as to whether was a military target whether the civilian casualties has been minimized but in whether we can say it was proportional so if there are already existing rules as to determining whether a military campaign constitutes a crime i mean i'm going to actual law. i think what's what's interesting is certainly the position that the united kingdom has taken in the current debate which is going on of the u.n. is that they are not at the stage where there is no human to human element in carrying out an attack so there is always going to be
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a level of responsibility i think as with many things that we're looking at currently around the world it's not a question of whether the law is not in step with it with technology is whether there is a collective accountability mechanism to in course those rules you know we have courts have grass different. jurisdictions there and the international and domestic level where individuals can be held accountable if if we can say that it is not in accordance with international humanitarian law the difficulty is holding accountable drone attacks as we move forward with less human control but it's still going to be. an element of holding individuals responsible and as we've had when we are far away from the stage where machines are actually making the decision to to attack but again i still think that the law. fiction to hold individual parent
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we're just we're just not we don't have the institutions necessary jurisdiction to hold in the parent who turns missed today or says we've heard there from both gentlemen we are far away from machines actually making decisions on who to attack our targets the law currently is sufficient to deal with that so why would you say your so concerned you know the first fundamental thing that is there. five ten years is not really so high or way especially when we're thinking about what is his governance regulations five years then years is a much a short or. new even if what we want to set that their knowledge of the moment is not a were to make decision as to whether to kill or not a human being so i am concerned because back then yes maybe just just right the amount of time just the right amount of time to make progress relations appropriate
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policy. and there are two more points i want to make one is that the father machine can kill but cannot just to kill currently is doesn't make it less than a radically primitive we land mines we have this same kind of baking yet redundant one and i've done the side whether to kill or not they just kill because they can the way they're designed so we should also consider whether the current deployment of. autonomous weapons systems or weapon systems which are towards control this something that is. coherent to read the fundamental principles that other being internationally right i don't know if the n.t. code or someone room to move from the lattice in the side or whether to keep it or not doesn't respond to the principles of meeting leader anybody addicks to engage in a combat operation without risking. our own position when we are remote operating
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these machines and in terms of. contributing and responsibility. yes or no and so flies when we think about artificial systems especially i with thinking are to notice which are very much the outcome of integrated elements each of which is fundamental for the system to carry out its task corporation so it's got a response of it in that qantas might be possible so to regulation i know be up. a date with a qantas a certainly we need a situations as tall be relieved was was mentioning but i want to stress one fundamental point which is that current regulations internationally right that hello they are build up on human rights and just war theory reach out to sets of ethical principles and the fighting and the bodies which are meant to protect human lives throughout shit and ensure proportionality winning a battle within that within
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a war and this system might be actually. problematically appreciable to the case. but they're still in which some of the operations are run by machines and rehearsal think about his numbers in five years' time. if we don't do not three hundred now ok i'll give both of the men time to responsive to the points you made to add but first will cost me one of the points that mr day i had made was that there's a fear that increasingly autonomous drones missile defense systems and tanks could term brogan a cyber attack are more function i mean i'm expanding on it's a little bit how much space is there really for this and or is this the stuff of science fiction i mean the idea that we are an enemy force is going to hack into a military systems and stuff i mean is it possible yes anything could be hacked if you've got the right smart people and you've got the access eccentric cetera is it going to happen on a weapons grade system that's being deployed by
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a major government around the world it's highly unlikely that they would deploy a weapon system which might end up being used against their own soldiers or civilians on the battlefield i think that that is the world of science fiction where i think that we are probably looking at more concerning developments within the drone space and weaponized drones space or wider autonomous weapons systems is it when it falls into the wrong hands when commercially bought drones commercially or domestically built explosives are attached to that drone and then that is used in an atrocity by a terrorist organization now will regulation against that in the u.n. prevent a terrorist organization from from doing it what will know it won't and there are pointed out legal or legal positions in place and legal institutions in place that will will prevent governments nation states from from using weapons in that way and those are very sophisticated and long lasting institutions built up over
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a long period of time and while we are. said about the five to ten year window of government i think that we're still much further than that away from from autonomous weapon system and i think that the position that a lot of governments take who are who are trying to prevent this being banned is that is that it's actually too early for us to be trying to carte blanche ban ai and weapons or or ban weapons which we aren't developed yet which are quite far off in which we don't know where they're at what shape and form that they will take should we be preventing terrorism getting their hands on this way from absolutely is it the government will be rogue or will it be used by rogue elements will it be hijacked i think that that's less of a risk and and i think that conflating the ai banning in weapons or killer robots quote unquote compares to land mines i think that that's actually not not accurate because land mines directly breached two of the three major principles on the laws
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of war whereas it can indiscriminately target civilians and additionally not only indiscriminately target civilians but it causes unnecessary and prolonged suffering of competence if they lose limbs landmines what we're talking about with a lot of the solutions which artificial intelligence or killer robots might employ it's actually much more targeted and actually attention be more accurate than the human operator in this in this position the other thing is that all military forces around the world operate under command and control where the commanders order the units to to execute a mission or execute a kill and i don't think that politicians or military around the world are going to want to lose that command and control to machines who they deign with or with autonomous decision making in the same way that we deploy soldiers to warfare and battlefields yet we don't give them the decision to autonomous the kill unarmed civilians or anything like that and if they seem to want to. refound. yes indeed
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the first one to i don't mention any psych rice in our area this is site i am now is one of the senators fathers for the research or i do. know cyprus and i had to live in the five ten years that iran was the one that was mentioned to me as the beginning of this interview as a possible timeline which i might be deployed honestly and the but so and then go after me and the second point is that when it comes to the autonomy of say weapon systems on the battlefield where r.p. eyestrain systems are rigged applied there is a note on it was about system patrolling the border between the border between north and south korea which is or not but all the systems and so on and so forth so it's not that we're talking about something that they're not a g.'s not yet ready to the ploy that we're the last something that could be the plot in a more sophisticated way in a more pervasive way you know more aggressive way so we should keep this in months
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. and there are no talking about ai applications in terms of science fiction but i'm also very much concerned when we try to label as science fiction scenarios which are realistically for counting or foreseeable because this means there will be going to be caught unprepared when they become real to point to landmine that i was appointed i made in response the idea that at the moment to a machine that can kill but they don't decide to kill a landmine or machines who are ok which can kill but don't the side kill so the analogy stands are on those grounds owner in the father then mines are illegal or should not be the plot but if the if will agrees with that then what's the point that even a town was a machines used as weapons systems should not be deployed and on the same point if not that states won't relinquish the control over the machine well that makes it even more clear that we shouldn't deploy these kinds of machine is that it for the
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reasons that we were stressing because states will be. wanted to maintain control because a controller is a risky and dangerous so all to the same points also like to stress one thing. doesn't becoming irrelevant later but. when we think about the overton's weapons systems we should be carefully shaping what we want to buy because donning the technology is really now the right to do too many of the systems will be realigned technologies which are developed also for good purposes image recognition is relevant in medical their noses as it will be in will be for example in. many other kinds of technologies what we need to relate is the developed deployment and use of these machines we have to understand our societies yet we and i don't that's not let me try and bring to the cabman and to talk about what kind of a regulatory framework you can have for this how do you decide what it is you're
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batting or what it is you're trying to constrict and then also that's take a look at the countries involved particularly when it's being done under the baton of banner of the united nations where you have china russia countries that do not necessarily follow the guidelines set by the united nations so how do you how do you contain this. arms race that is currently happening within the artificial intelligence wrong. well it's very it's very difficult to to regulate an area of law on what technology may be in ten or fifteen years where you what you have to have is an effective legal framework that is enforceable for. what are the capabilities. as well as quite rightly said and it goes back to what the u.k. has also said it relation to this as the u.k. and as other countries that are not seeking to suggest they have that technology or
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they're seeking to develop technology at the current stage. i mean i think that the concept of having entirely ai controlled weapons systems is of course fundamentally wrong because the have to be a level of i was talking like in the capital to be you're still going to have regardless of how quickly the technology involved you're still going to have a state or entity that is responsible for using system and if the system commit what is considered to be a crime then of course there is going to be a level of accountability so i think what we need to be clear on is that the law can only regulate what is what is possible what is possible that your point as to as to the un system and whether states are going to follow that well you quite rightly say that you got to look at the membership of the un human rights council
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to start with to show that. international credibility and human rights protection is not really at the forefront of the agenda you also got to take into account that there is a un special rapporteur that that has dealt with and continues to do with the question of drone attacks that that is not an enforcement mechanism so i think whatever whatever principles whatever regulations the united nations girls are how are they actually going to be enforced and how. if they can't be accountability. states. violate rules that commit. international crime and i was going to said states we're not talking about terrorist groups and those that. jack this technology and use it to be very difficult to regulate but thank you very much to all our speakers on today's panel
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the panel we have run out of time but this has been a very interesting conversation and obviously one that needs to continue but i'd like to thank all my guests will cross waved. at a.o. and toby cadman and thank you too for watching you can see this program again any time by visiting our website you'll find that at zero dot com and for further discussion why don't you go to our facebook page you'll find that at facebook dot com forward slash a.j. inside story and of course you can always join the conversation on twitter i handle it at a.j. inside story and for me the vehicle pollard and the team if bye for now has been good to have you here. a prominent saudi journalist committed to freedom of expression silenced entirety by his own government in the most horrific way. al-jazeera wilde investigates the
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death of jamal specialty which resonates to the highest levels of the saudi government with startling evidence about the disposal of his body. the silencing of a journalist on al-jazeera. a city defined by military occupation there's never been an arab state here at the capital of jerusalem everyone is welcome but the default structure of the mint is because on a project that's what we refuse it was one of the founders of the settlement with this and the story of jerusalem through the eyes of its own people segregation occupation this could mean nation injustice this is apartheid in the twenty first century jerusalem a rock and a hard place an al-jazeera. driven by outrage and spanning generations the real hinge of demonstrators gathered on the very day a widely criticized repatriation agreement between the governments of bangladesh
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and me and more was to begin the anger was all too apparent and the fear was palpable if you don't like we're so afraid that if they send one of us back to myanmar today tomorrow they'll send back ten and the day after tomorrow they'll send back twenty thirty or if we were given citizenship in myanmar then there would be no need to take us back there we would go back on our own we must remember the rancho among the most persecuted minorities in the world. and i'm a clock in doha the top stories here on al-jazeera three people have been killed in at least two hundred forty palestinians injured during protests in the gaza israel fans a fourth man died from injuries sustained on friday israeli forces fired tear gas and live ammunition as tens of thousands gathered some out the first anniversary of
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weekly protests reports no girls. on the first anniversary of the great march of return palestinians came out committed to their cause and as you know you only see the crowd out of it at that we're here for the anniversary of land day and that has been stolen by israel we hate to tell everyone that we have rights and they've been taken by the israelis. for many here this is become a regular weekly routine a cycle of bullets and tear gas all of it bringing death and injury to the protesters. as in protest past some demonstrators ran toward the border fence and others hurled rocks toward israeli forces but today most stayed behind simply observing waiting to see what happens next but making a difference was the presence of hamas and islamic jihad volunteers who actively tried to keep things calm. despite the flare ups things have so far today been far less chaotic than many people feared they would be the question now what exactly
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happens next. the great march of return protests began on march thirtieth two thousand and eighteen when civil society groups called for action against the twelve year blockade on gaza the original aim was to break through the fence and reclaim their ancestral land the protests were later organized by hamas saturday's anniversary was set against the backdrop of a bid by egypt to deescalate the latest round of tensions between israel and hamas negotiations are ongoing. a massive visuals on the scene said they'd arrived at a crossroads. everything will depend on how israel deals with protesters will they stop attacking civilians and stop the aggression and airstrikes on gaza and also are they going to respect what's been agreed upon with the egyptians last some were cautiously optimistic about the prospect of a deal others worry a deal won't ensure things will fundamentally change some of. the thoughts that it
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has the economic situation in gaza has been very miserable for a long time but in the last two years it's become more miserable and unemployment is very high there's no money in gaza the border is closed which means eighty percent of needed items cannot enter gaza people aren't allowed to travel and there aren't enough hospitals for treatment a sentiment echoed by many here who vowed to continue to come out week after week year after year until they finally get the rights and opportunities they deserve. gaza algeria's army chief has repeated his call to apply article one hundred two of the constitution to remove the president abilities beauty flicka from office this day after millions rallied nationwide demanding political change the number of cholera cases in mozambique hit city of vera has risen to two hundred seventy one the country continues to deal with the aftermath of cycling in which
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a hit to more than two weeks ago damage to water and sanitation infrastructure has raised fears about containing a potential epidemic u.s. president donald trump is reported to have demanded north korea hand over its nuclear weapons when the two sides met in vietnam reuters news agency says that trump presented kim jong un with a document calling for his nuclear arsenal to be sent to the united states a lunch between the two leaders was canceled the same day before last month's summit was cut short. security forces in venezuela have to gas to disperse demonstrators in the capital caracas opposition protesters have been voting voicing their anger at continuing energy blackouts which economic problems thousands of families in central peru have lost that hundreds in severe flooding the area of union is the west affected many people cut off by rising floodwaters had to leave the hands the government has declared a state of emergency in chunks of matter province and in surrounding areas there's
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the headlines more news coming up right off the sports taping the and this chase. never in sport has cheating been so prevalent at the highest level never has the pharmacological range of performance enhancing drugs been so great something new and this is refused to. cycling football power sports injury and sports technical support doping is only present no discipline escapes unscathed but where do these
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products come from how does this underground activity work where starting an investigation in that diving spots could i. know i have no comment. about that. you know yes the part of russia's eight hundred metres champion in two thousand and eleven unveiled to the wont how russia creates its champions. and the stars of high performance sports can spend up to one hundred thousand euros a year on state of the art treatments that are often still under development the extreme growth of the sports business has gendered and lucrative black market in doping worth an estimated thirty billion euros a year so in whose interest is it to unmask the cheats and clean up sport. even voters that. sponsors and sports federations a part responsible for not that way with any.
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part of it. in a world that values performance and competition so highly other proponents of clean sports fighting at losing battle. i believe it's a food fight but i think the mission. i pop you're going going. as a sport that relies on technique football would seem to be above doping scandals and yet it has been tainted by much wreaking and. corruption of the last. case we had was during nine hundred ninety four when the united states but i don't. in berlin a journalist conducted a lengthy investigation into doping in football because i did a large number of testimonies as we done so much before. that stuff and much in
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august borken. was the middle of a lot of the stuff and also the food water exactly at the first bush beatles milena then but you want to take this can only go to become a devout sport lol at the human that are not generally quite if you got it in our third come after it for the terms of the quote if you got to admit it pullman works from someone that still in this class are talking. opinion football has taken much longer to be exposed. it was found that the german team were taking and thirty means during the one thousand nine hundred six well come. you venters unknown to give in their players blood transfusions and olympic demand say injections before matches were commonplace doping carried out under the supervision of the clubs yet for four quid from is to take the whole school come the thought that i mean clearly their hope to defeat the gangs and that's all and then fall fish short cut and then asthe five work on
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a bullish table you can leave out how to mitigate it when he's in stock and done fund in full on often bargain with wooden of a cunt in for i in the third kind hoping for answers you don't get is going to get indecent if i in to sonali it given that this fine stopping come ons are going on and i noticed the damage in finality funny even if you know none value often moved out of all info i will look at because putin is outside you ask him live now leads the german team and denies ever having doped the french coaches did he. also played for a club mentioned in a medical manipulation case. no above all there's to. make. you really. get out there. there must be a lot about you to tell you a lot of support me if they bought
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a secret police bottle but i mean obviously they're not going to let you go. on it's own. these alternative methods are self era peas intended to allow tendon and ligament injuries to heal quickly. the treatments were forbidden by wada in two thousand and five as they can artificially enhance performance. and yet in mass alona dr moncrief got practices these therapies on the world's top football players. in the supposedly how most internet i mean. he. looked at me and you know some muscular last protein asked. me a specific asked vivian and the last like it would be in their last. look at this. illuminati bucket. list that the name was in recess hang it
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eat with lust in them or say yeah. any of us made them too and i think both young. really thought this place rich plasma is really injected into the wound to speed up healing. that she whom you know not about. the most i follow the most well is the. body your skull and they were just on this who are medic. this is the the ever see. the. mia was having. found. this stem cell therapy has become indispensable to the clubs in healing their players to the extent that in two thousand and eleven they asked the world
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anti-doping agency to lift the ban. the theme was that this is of the all. guess who is in the wonder senior. and even more school that you know i mean this is where your. friends of you know. the best of your most. so football has used the band method and then still manages to get it validated by the world anti-doping agency the world's most popular sport has rewritten the rules on doping. helmet lead explaining we shall keep you will do all this your career national sport energy to do point three let them bash shots if you could meet again it will be you know to your court be such as you've. got no off it.
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city get i couldn't make it a circular loop of well what research what if you know seeds for. your.

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