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tv   The Stream 2019 Ep 59  Al Jazeera  April 11, 2019 10:32pm-11:00pm +03

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subset and the fastest chief in the u.s. is the issue of job so they can be no big issues in their jobs are the biggest issue. many of the b j p supporters are small traders and it says it's made it easier to do business and improve services for the poor and middle classes but opposition parties blame it for high youth unemployment exploiting divides in communities and the ongoing debt crisis facing farmers opinion polls suggest the b j p is heading for a reduced majority. about more unity but some analysts say many indian voters do not decide whom to vote for until the last minute the previous. everybody was thinking. and then the slogan for india shining but it. put out so you never know what is going on what i'm going to cut and. the main opposition congress is hoping to capitalize on this uncertainty are promising voters millions of new jobs as well as
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a guaranteed minimum income for the poorest twenty percent but it's uncertain if that's enough to persuade voters. this election is just getting started and there's still six more phases to come whether voters give the b.g.p. another chance elect the opposition or coalition of regional parties takes power will be seen over the coming weeks as jamil al jazeera new delhi. will head to the polls for a general election on may eighteenth scott morrison announced the dates just eight months after becoming prime minister of the divided conservative coalition government opinion polls suggest that opposition leader bill shorten will replace him unlike the economy climate change of asylum seekers are expected to be major issues in the campaign in the bass country early this morning i visited the governor general here in cambridge and he accepted my boss for an election to be hilda on the eyeteeth of my. we live in the base country in the
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world. but to secure your future the road ahead depends on a strong economy. and that's why there is so much at stake at the selection. from under thomas's in sydney. it's in the less affluent suburbs of australian cities like here in western sydney a long way from the beaches in the harbor that this election will be decided for the government their main liability is the political instability that's been within their own right of center liberal party since they first came to office in twenty thirteen they keep changing leaders have been three different prime ministers tony abbott malcolm turnbull now scott morrison since they first came to office the government is running a campaign against the policies of the opposition labor party they say first of all that they represent a threat to the economy already here house prices are tumbling they say that if labor comes in with its highest spending commitments they threaten to send this
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country into recession they also say that refugees would start flooding back to australia if labor were to get in under the government under very harsh policies towards refugees boats of refugees have stopped coming here they say that labor would bring in policies that would restart those boats labor that little about either of those things particularly they want to talk more about the environment and the lack of a climate change policy as they see it by the government well that's just over a month until the election in the end though it will all come down to a few people in places like this changing their minds in twenty thirty. turkey's government has promised financial reform to revive its ailing economy in the past year turkey's face tired station and a recession on the national currency the lira has plunged nearly thirty percent in value many consumers are now finding it difficult to afford imported goods as the barker reports from istanbul. turkey is troubled economy is affecting what people
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can afford to buy onions a mainstay of turkish cuisine of almost doubled in price in the past few weeks consumers are feeling the squeeze much better. told me the prices all things i wanted i had to give them back they were too expensive for me turkey's heavily dependent on foreign imports on everything from food to building materials the national currency the lira has plunged third in value causing costs to saw for the past three months the government has been trying to control over soaring cost of food by buying goods directly from farmers and selling directly to consumers by cutting out the middleman they hope to push down prices they've also lifted some tariffs on certain goods as well but many are now questioning how long this manipulation of the market can really last overall inflation is now at twenty percent last year the economy went into recession for the first time in
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a decade some analysts fear there's more to come the country deliberately focused on. industrial production and services and for the last decade more so on services so i grew culture has been neglected and as a result obviously became more dependent on foreign imports turkey's finance minister insists the worst is over the government to promise to inject billions of dollars into state banks and support turkish exports. turkey's main focus now is or reforming the economy in order to achieve the. instructor it's necessary to introduce structural reforms. the impact of the economic downturn could be seen on its tumble skyline it's a city of stalled building sites for the past sixteen years present turn construction into a vehicle of growth new developments have gone up or breakneck speed but with the
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leader of pulling the cost of importing raw materials and surfacing forward loaves of zot last year the us double tariffs on turkish steel and alum india amid worsening relations the two countries on all observe an increasing number of issues including turkey's growing ties with russia and plans to buy a russian missile defense system president said the u.s. tariffs were a big obstacle to turkish trade. rising prices were a major election issue for many turks the ruling party's popularity for so long built around strong growth and improved living standards now depends on creating a road to recovery the park al-jazeera istanbul. let's return to the main news this has been a coup in sudan it's nearly four pm in khartoum tens of thousands of people on the
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streets of the capital the military has confirmed the president omar al bashir is president no more citing corruption lies and false promises the military is taking over it's the kind of three month state of emergency as a math. this could be the end of thirty years of one man's rule in sudan looks like tanks rolling through the capital cheered on by protesters demanding that president omar al bashir steps down. declare being the minister of defense the chairman of the committee to get rid of this regime and to the head of the regime in a safe place i also declare the formation of a military transitional council to supervise the to be a year of period. more than one hundred officials and close aides to president
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abbas here are said to have been arrested an order is reported to have been given for political prisoners to be released. you know for it's beautiful meaning nothing is. already out in the street deliberating in the car. women are singing and dancing everybody happy protests over rising bread prices began four months ago they quickly widened into demands for the president to step down president al bashir declared a state of emergency in february. but since saturday thousands of demonstrators have been camped outside the military's khartoum headquarters several people have been killed as security forces try to break up the demonstration five of the dead are reported to have been soldiers said to have been defending the protesters the military says it understands the demands for bashir to go it says it's also determined not to let saddam fall into chaos what happened in the last twenty four
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hours it was obvious that the people demand has increased the number of participants of the people has increased as well there was more of a direction to the military in part of the leadership in particular and i think that put more pressure on the military institution as a whole for that reason i think they felt the heat and they have to make action but some protesters say they won't support a transitional government which involves the army others fear the government will collapse. and sudan will descend into the chaos the army says it wants to avoid rob matheson. solomon is a researcher at the african program at chatham house he joins us now once again live from london the people that have got what they wanted omar al bashir has gone boss in a military coup will they stand for that. i
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think it is unlikely that the people who are at large the people who are protesting at the moment who are in the thousands in the khartoum and across sudan who are outside the military h.q. will see this as the end result that they wanted whether or not this is a transition towards a civilian led government or whether the army is going to monopolize power moving forward is where where uncertain and there have been some assurances given in the statement made by the new leader of the army council. now off but we are uncertain i think many people will feel that that it's in at the moment the revolution aims of the protest as a means have not been fully met why are people doubtful about the army's intentions so this is something to do with this two year transition this military council the
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take two years before elections and. i think i think that it is to do with the military council i think this is the protesters of course have been on asking for the the army and the military support and they have received that support on the street from from elements of the army including the ming middle ranking officers but the leadership has been heavily politicized of the on the crew including ibn our who's a gentleman who you know has has been under u.s. sanctions for crimes committed in the fall so seeing him as a legitimate face of a true transitional government will be difficult for many people who are asking for an inclusive civilian admin and it ministration to believe it and i think this is becoming the crux of it and how. the high command the army i command that has put this two year track transition in place intends to progress. the political
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situation and the economic situation in sudan at the moment we're seeing something which i think is intended to bring stability and bring security short term so the country to end the protests of course this curfew from ten pm to forty four am it's part of that you know the closing of the airports as well these these are measures that are meant to provide some stability but of course we've had they've announced a three month states of emergency we've already been in the state of emergency this is been known going in the country so there hasn't really been a change that they will have that the protests subside but i think there is a general atmosphere building in khartoum and in other places of unhappiness about this result. ok many thanks indeed for being with us we'll talk to you again i'm sure in the coming hours here on al-jazeera let's just remind you of how
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we got to this point it all began on december nineteenth when protesters rallied in several cities in sudan against the shop increasing bread prices the following day the demonstrations spread to other cities including the capital khartoum where the first of dozens of protesters died in clashes with security forces those protests quickly evolved into regular anti-government demonstrations calling for omar al bashir to step down as president in february this year he declared a state of emergency protests became less frequent under emergency rule but under on april sixth this year thousands of people marched on military headquarters in khartoum which also houses the president's official residence and on tuesday this week eleven people including six security force personnel were killed in the number killed in protests to forty nine and then today the defense minister making that announcement. saying that president obama al bashir arrested and held in
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a safe place government ministries will be disbanded the military council will run the country for a two year transitional period will be a three month state of emergency we'll continue our coverage of events in sudan here on al-jazeera in just a few moments see that. took . up to look up the. architecture. just.
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fly cattle railways and experience economy class like never before cattle are always going places together. when we live in a time of war and tragedy it's crimes against humanity. activist repression. enforced disappearance of arbitrary arrests. extrajudicial executions brutal torture the list goes on. who investigates who judges the criminals. who compensates the victims the international conference on national regional and international mechanisms to
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combat impunity and ensure accountability under international law. organized by the national human rights committee. united nations human rights office of the high commissioner. european parliament. and global alliance of national human rights institutions. tens of thousands on the streets of khartoum longtime president omar al bashir is removed from power and the military say. hello i'm adrian sort of this is i was there a life and also coming up wiki leaks founder julian assange appears in court in the
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u.k. after being arrested at the ecuadorian embassy a lot. this time a warning for britain's politicians as the european union gives the u.k. another six months to agree on a briggs plan. and polls close in the first phase of india's election widely seen as a referendum on prime minister modi is first in office. but if you're just joining us there's been a military coup in sudan it's four o'clock in khartoum tens of thousands of people are out on the streets right now of the capital within the last few hours the military confirmed that president obama al bashir is president no more citing corruption lies and false promises the military is now in charge it's declared a three month state of emergency al-jazeera as rob matheson reports. this could be
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the end of thirty years of one man's rule in sudan looks like. rolling through the capital cheered on by protesters demanding that president omar al bashir steps down . declare being the minister of defense the chairman of the committee to get rid of this regime and to the head of the regime in a safe place i also declare the formation of a military transitional council to supervise the to be a year of period. more than one hundred officials and close aides to president abbas here are said to have been arrested an order is reported to have been given for political prisoners to be released. you know for its beautiful meaning nothing is. already out and treat. women are singing and dancing everybody happy protests over rising bread prices began
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four months ago they quickly widened into demands for the president to step down president al bashir declared a state of emergency in february. but since saturday thousands of demonstrators have been camped outside the military's khartoum headquarters several people have been killed as security forces try to break up the demonstration five of the dead are reported to have been soldiers said to have been defending the protesters the military says it understands the demands for bashir to go it says it's also determined not to let saddam fall into chaos what happened in the last twenty four hours it was obvious that the people demand has increased the number of participants of the people as enthused as well there was more of a direction to the military in part of the leadership in particular and i think that put more pressure on the military institution as
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a whole for that reason i think they felt the heat and they have to make action but some protesters say they won't support a transitional government which involves the army others fear the government will collapse. and sudan will descend into the chaos the army says it wants to avoid matheson. solomon is a researcher at the african program at chatham house he joins us now once again live from london so i'll bashir has gone will not be enough to satisfy the people on the streets. well i think that the critical issue is now is whether the armed forces want to monopolize power or whether they're willing to hand over to trev in transitional civilian government and share power with them and include political elements in the transitional period and what we're seeing so far of course is rapid fluid developments and the new leader of this high army
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council in our who is very much i think you know a member of the old guard you know defense minister. former vice first lies president as well a man who who is among the political leaders who have supported president bashir for a long time the for his whole army career so it's difficult to see this as a transition moving to an end to a new stage of inclusive civilian government i think the people in sudan will be worried about this they will be fearful as well. there their demands that their aspirations for political change are not met and we may see this take place in the streets i mean that that that continued protest which has been so effective ethically over the last week can't that side the military high command
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may may continue but if you're sure and says a made about the next steps in the transition and of course we're very early stages the government and the high command of the military may be able to. calm the situation and show the protesters that there is a path forward within the next two years which will lead to open elections free and fair elections which they can participate in so it's too early to say yet whether the army has to. you leif. the. vice president defense minister did say the. military transitional council would include public representation and that's a positive business. yes that is i think that's a positive statement a welcome statement there also i think needs to be direct engagement between the
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army and. political forces and civil society groups and others some within the declaration for freedom and change who have been calling for a transitional arrangement for a legitimate transitional civilian government so they do it does need to be time for those negotiations to take place and and this opening that he mentions including the you know release of political prisoners as well those are those are positive statements about the way forward of course. on the on the flip side of that as well you also have clarity at the moment about. which members of the regime are going to continue in place they talk about the removal of the regime and of course you know we're seeing unfolding in front of us lots of the allies of president bashir being arrested being put under house arrest including
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the man him self but his next steps where he will go what hits his situation will be will also be a determining factor i think in whether the people in sudan see this is a legitimate transition. operator was good to see many thanks indeed for being with us let's go live now to come to al-jazeera as morgan is in the sudanese capital what's the situation there now about. what adrian it seems that more and more people are getting disappointed by the announcement initially as you suppose said earlier not all of them had gotten the news the only thing that they were listening to is the fact that president bashir is no longer the president of the gov of the country after thirty years of rule but now more of them are becoming aware of the fact that the military council has taken over and that they will be under military reign for two years until elections are held that's according to them not what they were protesting for that in protesting for a new government new faces led by civilians and not by the military they've been
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saying that i wouldn't know if i'm about that know of the defense minister was effectively now head of the country is part of the old regime he's part of the ruling government and that they do not want anybody who is part of the old system and part of the old government to be in the transitional council leading the country to up to elections so a lot of people are getting very upset very agitated and it's not clear if they're going to listen to the parts where the minute the military announce that there will be a curfew up now from tempe from eleven pm local time it's not clear if they're going to break the sets in in front of the army headquarters and decide that this is what they have for now and they are going to take it or if they will continue to sit in most of the people of her from now are thing that they will continue to protest but it's not clear if the army will allow them the army has been standing by their side for the past five days they're in their sights and that's not clear if with the army now in control and not president bashir they will still continue to stand by their side hippa many thanks indeed around zero as him morgan their lives in a car true just a reminder of how sudan got to this point on december nineteenth last year
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a big increase in the price of bread provoked protests in servile cities they spread elsewhere the following day including the capital khartoum where the first of dozens of protesters were killed to see. curacy forces confronted them the process quickly evolved into regular anti-government demonstrations calling for president obama al bashir to end his thirty year rule he declared a state of emergency is separate which calmed protests somewhat for a few weeks but on april sixth sauza is marched for the first time a military headquarters in khartoum where the president's official residence is on tuesday eleven people were killed including six security force personnel. is a professor of political science at the university of waterloo she joins us now live from washington d.c. good to have you with us. the people of sudan to some extent have seen the uprisings in egypt and libya play out they won't want to repeat the mistakes made
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will they. know and certainly not to say that there were mistakes because of course hindsight is twenty twenty but indeed i think sudan is are learning very much from what happened in egypt in particular but maybe to a lesser extent of libya and the message is very clear not to give up not to fall for these tactics where the army basically substitutes a new person very much from within the regime someone says of so-called change of faces but in reality the deep state remains and nothing changes the army goes back to business as usual dispersed the people from the square told them to go home that the reforms are on their way but truly nothing really happens and that's where i think us to danny's are far more cautious and aware now that you they've seen basically egypt play out so with what we're seeing in sudan and algeria and about is this arab spring true or a continuation of the first arab spring. well look as if the arab spring has
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about the frustration with corruption with the nepotism with the lack of meritocracy with the enormous disregard for citizens' rights that it's absolutely continuation of the arab spring because frankly nothing has changed in the near decade that we've seen the first arab spring you know spring and partly that's because frankly the conditions continue to get worse corruption is on the rise i would say that nepotism is getting worse and certainly the securitized sation of daily life which for so many citizens was one of the real frustration with their governments back in two thousand and eleven has gotten worse in many of these countries that experienced arab spring of course with the exception of tunisia the situation is far worse on securitized sation.

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