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tv   28 Up South Africa 2013 Ep 2  Al Jazeera  April 29, 2019 11:00pm-12:01am +03

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mohammed thank you very much. there's been heavy fighting in southern tripoli as forces loyal to the warlord holly for have to continue to attack the libyan capital his fighters have advanced and taken control of areas near the inactive international airport the tripoli based government recognized by the u.n. says it's bringing in reinforcements to repel the attack. and a telephone call by donald trump earlier this month to her after offering support was angered some members of the president's own party republican senator lindsey graham described it as unnerving i don't know what the phone call to hop there was about but it had an unnerving effect on the ground i was in tunisia and the president had called. general from the east of libya this moving on tripoli and saying thank you for helping with isis and helped our did the death phone call seems to be perceived in the region as we're picking sides. from tripoli. forces loyal to. her have to have advanced towards.
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neighborhood that's about fifteen kilometers away from tripoli city center and eyewitnesses in al sadr and locals there say that they have seen have to his forces engaging against forces loyal to the you and the recognized government of national accord in the streets and inside the densely populated areas namely in a neighborhood on the southern part of the libyan capital we know that during the past two weeks have to his forces have been losing ground and the government of national called forces have been pushing have to his forces back beyond tripoli in active international airport have this force after the last ground the intensified air strikes specially night air strike this situation remains very tense especially for civilians living in the nearby fighting areas and the government forces
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say that they are receiving more troops to push have to his forces back to their old locations they also say that the are able to push have to his forces back beyond their administrative borders of the capital tripoli. is an international security and political analyst the impact of turkish support and what will have on the fighting i believe that. the united nations government government government of national accord once the help from the turkey militarily there is not the turkey will support the military and also at the same time. from my perspective. analyzing this tradition in libya. being backed by the rich conferees such as the gulf countries does not mean that they will one hundred
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percent bring through the of success and victory because the moral striation on the ground is very open to triple the government is the united nations supervised government so we thought taking into consideration who's backing the rebellion heidi for turkey from the perspective of principle of the turkish foreign policy we keep on supporting the. government of national accord i can see. still to come for you here on al-jazeera the sri lankan president points a new national police chief but the old one says he is not going to go anywhere. and china fulfills its pledge to the u.s. by banning all types of opioid related drugs we'll examine the mexican role in the fight against illegal prescription drugs.
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how about the seasonal rice pushing in quite nicely now across central and southern parts of china the minute by iran's of course you can see this line of cloud just pushing up towards shanghai that sinking its way further south the heavy showers possibility of a little bit of localized flooding to the southeast of china through tuesday things further south it's an east which is weak i wanted to weather stay home call having a pretty wet day at this stage along with taiwan but brighter skies do come back in behind say something to look forward to shanghai around twenty four degrees in the sunshine also sunshine and it's all sunshine too across much of in the but little further south it's a fair bit of cloud here and then of course we have. this funny making its way into the by a bingo very close to pushing up towards that eastern side of in the analyst can just to continue making its way further north as we go on through the coming
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a week ahead of that so very warm in myanmar getting up to forty six celsius over the last couple of days over the next couple of days but it will still be hot enough hot enough to to central the northern parts of india as you can see we keep in that primanti in hate with highs into the forty's. free education for all. with the promise the reality provoked a generation. there. is enough blood to want to figure out how a protest over education feeds. more international response. here. everything must for. a witness documentary on al-jazeera.
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welcome back you're watching al-jazeera i'm peter dhabi these are your top stories spain's socialist party is celebrating a victory in the general election but it has not won enough seats to rule on its own populous parties also made some headway with the far right vox gaining seats in parliament for the first time. a man who'd been detained in turkey and charged with spying for the united arab emirates has reportedly taken his own life in prison according to the turkish government zacky son's body was found in silvery province on the outskirts of istanbul two men were arrested earlier this month and reportedly confessed to spying on arab nationals. there's been heavy fighting in southern tripoli as forces loyal to the warlord after continue to attack the libyan
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capital after spices have advanced to control the areas near the international airport. has a new defense minister appointment as part of the government's overhaul of the intelligence and security services president has also appointed a new acting police chief but the current chief putsch of. refused to step down nelson mandela's has more now from the capital colombo. the. standoff between the president and he's reaching a new level as the president as commander in chief and the head of the police sent. on compulsory leave now this happened because the police chief has refused to step down we heard a few days ago from the president. for the resignations of the defense secretary and the police chief. could handed in his letter.
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essential he did no such thing i did speak to him shortly after the president announced the would resign and he said no comment and he confirmed he hadn't resigned today the president has appointed an acting police chief the second police officer within the department and one waits to see how down amid tightened security. in the meantime on this monday the first day of the week. beginning. back to normal here in the city around the country as people begin to get on with their lives. people coming into office people on the streets saying that they can continue. to make a living but they've got to get on with things.
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taking place in kabul where the u.s. talks with the. top the agenda it's known as the loya jirga and such meetings have been held for centuries now it is a way of bringing together afghanistan's many ethnic religious and tribal communities there can be more than two and a half thousand people in attendance they've been used before to approve a new constitution to clear war choose a new king or to make sweeping social or political reforms on the first day they'll be able to appoint the temporary leader as well as deputies and secretaries the new head of the jirga will then create fifty committees they'll spend up to a week discussing the recommendations will come. from kabul. a long day for the delegates at this loya jirga here in kabul more than three thousand people packed in to the white building you see over my shoulder. a huge responsibility of trying to figure out what peace means for afghanistan going forward watch the red lines what the priorities will be for the afghan government
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should they get to talk pace with the taliban in the future with the three thousand people in the if there are two percent of them a woman and they come from all over afghanistan representing different tribes different religions different ages different ethnicities coming together to try to answer four questions they are what needs to be done to achieve long lasting peace in afghanistan what value should be safeguarded in talks with the taliban or kind of personalities should represent the government in these talks and lastly on foreign policy what type of actions towards foreign countries should be taken for those countries that do support the taliban now the taliban not happy about the loya jirga they put out a statement saying that they feel like this is all a show by the u.s. that they find it disrespectful to the log histories of the long history of the loya jirga and that it does in fact that i spaced talks they're not the only ones
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who are not happy with the loya jirga taking place that was boycotted by the c.e.o. he is the second highest ranking afghan official he wasn't here today because he said i just don't think it will be productive and i don't feel like i was consulted thoroughly enough in the lead up former prison homage cause i also was in attendance he heard president gun a passing judgment during his opening statement saying that he is aware that some leaders in or here but he will leave it up to the population to decide what they think about their absence. indonesia's president has announced he'll move the capital away from the male island of java but has yet to choose a new location president yoko widodo promised to spread economic development more evenly following his election when earlier this month jakarta is home to more than ten million people and almost thirty million more lives lives of live on the outskirts of the city as a result traffic congestion has become some of the worst in the world. more than two hundred seven election staff in the newseum reportedly died in the days
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following the world's biggest single day of polls held earlier this month the general elections commission says the workers mostly died of fatigue related illnesses caused by long hours spent counting millions of ballot papers by hand on the one hundred fifty four million people are estimated to have voted on april the seventeenth. mozambique's government says the number of dead after a powerful cyclon has now risen to thirty eight heavy rain is cause flooding in some areas and rain is expected to continue in the coming days the u.n. is giving thirteen million dollars in emergency funds to mozambique and the camorra us to assist in the relief effort a psychoanalyst second one to last the african coast in six weeks. china has banned all variants of the drug offense and it's a step welcomed by donald trump to stem the flow of lethal opioids responsible for forty eight thousand u.s. deaths in twenty eighteen but the drug isn't just entering the u.s. directly from china it's also being imported by the mexican drug cartels john
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holdren reports from the heartland of the mexican trafficking industry that's the state of sinaloa. three young men out in the woods in similar lower mexico it only takes these pots and pans to cook up a drug that's wreaking havoc in the u.s. then to new the synthetic opioid that's killed tens of thousands in the last six years some of it enters the u.s. directly from china but mexican traffickers are also importing it from the asian nation before processing. in smuggling it's across the border for them it's a gift about fifty times more powerful than the poppy based heroin they've been growing in the mountains here for decades and far less work and there have been growing the poppies is a three month process venton all comes in by ship to match that land port from china or germany and it gives better profits poppy based opium means a lot more investment and less money the cooking's done in these floating labs set
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up in the middle of nowhere we got this area very intro ll you have to be a member of the cartel to be here if you're not you're in danger we're covered by radios and lookouts the only threats from the armed forces the police they say have already been told. they're all sorted out we've made an arrangement with them even so there's danger he hopes divine help ward off the old tripoli's misuse of imagining consuming me and product can stop you breathing within minutes everyone we talked to knows of the danger to uses for the business comes first and then aware that this drug trafficker told us he worried the fence no boom could actually damage businesses so fin the long term. i think is going to cause a problem because there's so many use the deaths there will come a moment when the federal government's going to put more and more brock's on this and it will be a lot tougher to do business. in a lower his police chief says his force is already working with u.s.
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agencies to do just that on the day of a visit they just made the first fence and taking thousands of pills the chinese government's also acting they've now banned the drug that will make it harder from its can gangsters to get their hands on it then notorious for always finding a way. to think that the organized crime groups who are behind all of this will stay with their arms crossed would be very in adequate so we intend to keep on the lookout and make sure we adapt to any changes in changes could be coming traffic. has told us the cartels are exploring how to make fence a new from scratch if they do get control of the entire supply line its bills bad news for those fighting the epidemic or the u.s. side john homan does it or similar. police in india have broken up fights between voters during the fourth phase of a staggered national election violence was in the city west bengal supporters of the prime minister narendra modi's b.g.
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with sticks threatened opposition party supporters modi is running for a second term in office in an election seen as a referendum on his five years in the job so far home of the one hundred twenty seven million people eligible to vote in this round of india's seven phase election the polls have opened in areas across india and in minister kashmir al jazeera spoke to a cartoonist who described his work is affected by the instability in the region he hopes the elections will change the dark imagery he sees but influence his work. i'm thirty one i'm from kashmir and i'm a graphic novelist think of spending so much of time with my parents especially with my father i wanted to imitate his drawings he would draw all these traditional embroidery more tips on paper. and. saw. trying to copy his pictures and. and i would forget what was happening outside i
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remember. being fearful of my father being taken by by the armed forces for these. identification it's. but but this drawing and helping my father was was was the best time of my childhood but i step outside the home still today. that's still that fear is still there and. now i fear for my nephews and my nieces and my friends when i talk about my stories when i write my stories. i want to why showing people as just numbers. you know i just wanted to show people the way they are in their real lives someone's friend someone's relate to and something like that so that so that people relate to them and this text our visual
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offers them the cinematic experience i think it's very effective in terms of. speaking about our personal experience lives and. and creating a device where people can relate to your life and see you see see distribution differently not just as a dispute but as this as a humanitarian problem as well i hope the situation changes and i don't how to draw these dark rituals and get bellew a normal life but that's obviously a dream you know. welcome if you're just joining us you're watching al-jazeera live from doha these are the top stories so far today spain socialist party is celebrating a victory in the general election but it hasn't won enough seats to rule on its own
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populist parties also made headway with the far right vox gaining seats in parliament for the first time. a man who'd been detained in turkey and charged with spying for the united arab emirates has reportedly taken his own life in prison according to the turkish government zach e.b.m. hassan's body was found in livery prison on the outskirts of istanbul two men were arrested earlier this month and reportedly confessed to spying on arab nationals has been having fighting in a southern tripoli as forces loyal to the warlord holly for have to continue to attack the libyan capital his fighters have advanced and taken control of areas near the inactive international airport the tripoli based government recognized by the united nations says is bringing in reinforcements to repel the attack. meanwhile a call made by the u.s. president donald trump earlier this month to wholly for after offering support has angered some members of the president's own party the republican senator lindsey
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graham describing it as unnerving i don't know what the phone call hafter was about but it had an unnerving effect on the ground i was in tunisia and the president had called dora general from the east of libya that is moving on tripoli and saying thank you for helping with isis and helped are good for depth phone calls seems to be perceived in the region as we're picking sides talks between the opposition groups in sudan and the military have wrapped up today with no firm agreement on how to move the crisis forward on saturday night the two sides announced the formation of a joint council but no further details have been agreed on just yet it's expected that once formed the joint council will lead the country until national elections are held. an attack on a protestant church in booking a fast so has left six people dead gunman shot five worshippers in the past as they were leaving a service in the small northern town of still gunshy recently there's been
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a surge in attacks attributed to armed groups based in the north up next it's talk to al jazeera with bill gates down in jordan is here from fifteen g. i will see you very soon. outside. we're able to bring a different perspective to global is that. when you peel away all of the politico the minute tree in the financial dock and you see the people in those policies are affected see the emotion on the face of the situation living and that's when all the us can identify with the story. to be able to see. you know our dream without knowing about. the dramatic impact in the case of global hope one of the richest people in the
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world bill gates initially made his fortune by founding and running the microsoft corporation. nearly twenty years ago he founded the bill and melinda gates foundation breaking now works all of the time. going down into more than fifty billion dollars he's the world's wealthiest private foundation that aims to enhance health care and education and to reduce poverty. and to keep in global health care controlled by just three trustees gates his wife melinda and billionaire warren buffett. the foundation's been credited with helping to save the lives of more than one hundred million children through increasing access to essential vaccines. but it's not without controversy. critics say has excessive influence on the health care policy in the developing world some argue
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it's lost resources but now ranks focus on health care providers band-aid to health crises that it calls to point deeper political problems in many of the world's poorest countries many of the people exposed to the diseases. it is the foundation aims to eradicate it in sub-saharan africa and that's where much of its work is focused. fricken union summit in ethiopia is character so that it's about gates came to meet we've had to state schools about health care. almost as many children will be born in africa specifically what was he trying to accomplish and that to those who say he's. wanted to so problems has some of those same heads of state willing to address themselves. to discuss this with bill gates as he talks. i mr bill gates thank you for talking to
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al-jazeera through here in the capital of ethiopia which is the seat of the african union. african leaders you hoping to talk to them. what are you hoping to get out of it. while i was invited to come to the summit and give a brief remarks my focus is on the opportunity. of the human capital here in africa that have the right things are done with the young people in terms of health and education that there's a very bright future for the continent there's a lot of great examples here. who've done an amazing job getting their primary health care system working and you know no reason why that can't be done in in all fifty four countries and in terms of specifics from the summit. to get anything concrete from from this meeting well. the health meeting. will be a number of pledges and discussions about. the big health global fund
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global alliance for vaccines which both. over the next eighteen months have made replenishments going on and seen that. some domestic resources from the african countries are going into these causes will help a lot with out and there need to be clear message about. you know these countries really valuing that work so that we can continue cutting debts cutting malaria deaths getting more innovative vaccines out to all the children of africa and the billion bill and melinda gates foundation focuses particularly on health care in some of the poorest countries in the world was the reason for this focus on health care when i was stunned to learn that hundreds of thousands of kids most of them in africa were dying of diarrhea over half of those lives could have been
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saved if there was a vaccine that was used in middle income in upper income countries called the rotavirus vaccine and so are pounding asian found other partners particularly the aid donors and created the global lines for vaccines and so now that rotavirus vaccine is getting out to almost all of those children that these new vaccines are the biggest reasons why africa has cut child mortality almost in half since gabi was created so. it's kind of amazing that you know for less than a thousand dollars you're saving a life you're improving the health of the survivors and as you prove how countries generally choose to reduce their population growth voluntarily so you're making all the challenges of the environment and jobs and stability that much more solvable to
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the future the foundation spends money on public education programs in the u.s. why is the public education in the u.s. and health in the world's poorest countries why not education in the world's poorest countries as well as well by far the biggest problem we have is the global health program. and that's over sixty percent of our money it's helping to invent new tools like malaria vaccine aids vaccine and then supporting these primary health care systems to get out to all the children in the u.s. we picked education as our big cars. and you know once we've had a major major success in the u.s. i'm sure they'll be lessons for the entire world but you know we saw the biggest deficit in the u.s. is. the lack to be equal opportunity which is what the country stands for the whole system although very expensive. you know it's. it's working you know
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quite well we didn't see anything. huge we could do there we do talk to the people who do international education we think that's very important but taking on the big diseases and these delivery systems you know that are priority that's where we have incredible depth of expertise and you know over the next several decades even something like malaria. we should get it close to eradication so they can really bring a. dramatic solution in health that enables education in prosperity so they think that if the world's poorest countries were healthy functioning democracies that it's the governments that should be providing public health care but the gates foundation of course is spending a lot of money from public health care you know doing the government's job for them
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well absolutely it's a job for government to do. and once countries reach a certain level of income say like vietnam or indonesia or india then they graduate from aid l. debility that is they're entirely using domestic resources and that's the goal of development aid is is to help countries graduate so the track record theirs is pretty fantastic now a lot of countries are. in terms of their being very poor of lack of governance that's not going to happen anytime soon and so as human beings. you know we should care about those doubts we should care about the malnutrition and we should help build that government capacity so we're not in to stay in any country for the long run that's that's the government's job but it takes something like creating a malaria vaccine. the poor countries who have malaria don't have the the
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skills or the resources to do it and the rich countries it's they haven't seen malaria for a long long time and so there are a few things. some people call global public goods we're having a foundation pick those scientists get behind them so the patients these are ten to twenty year projects many of them on you have to have multiple approaches and. a change based on you know what looks like it might be successful there's a rule that. our foundation saw that wasn't being filled but it's not the long term funding of the health system a lot of health care campaign is in many of these poorest countries skeptical of skeptical about the political will of the government to provide the health care that it should be providing to the population and you know often they argue is not a priority and corruption of course is a threat so too much is spent on big infrastructure projects and other things what
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can the gates foundation and what does the gates foundation do to try to hold these governments to account for the money that they should be spending on health care well we're purely in an advisory role we're not. in control of any decisions the world health organization is in working with these countries the one thing we can do is. we can highlight the example is an africa has lots of example. even governments for some of the other functioning isn't too strong like zimbabwe manages to keep its primary health care system functioning fairly well some that are fairly well off like nigeria actually particularly in the north don't manage to make the primary health care system work well so when leaders are interested in improving then there are lessons you know from ethiopia or wander many many countries that can be applied so we're here to help when there's the will to go in
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and make that effort and i want to talk about the size and scale of. the gates foundation which i understand is the largest philanthropic foundation in the world spending about forty five billion dollars every year i mean not as much as or more than the entire government budgets of many of the countries in this continent. so that comes with of course an enormous amount of influence you're a very big player in terms of global health care have it understand that the trust is controlled by just three people that you and your wife melinda are in warren buffett is not an enormous concentration of of power and in a sector that's of course meant to represent and help millions of people are meant to include a diversity of opinions and voices where the resources we're using for our work
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don't come from governments they got. solicit from other people this is taking the success that warren buffett had at berkshire and the success i had at microsoft in applying those resources in. the premarket system. you know people can take their wealth and you know spend it on. consumption or pass along to their kids you know what we've chosen to do is focus on the diseases of the poor and make sure that the best scientists in the world are working on hiv and malaria and malnutrition and prematurity things where the understanding is still not there and. it be great if that had been done before we came along. actually in help the the amount of controversy is less than you'd expect because the idea of saving children's lives is just not that controversial
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and so taking and we built the infrastructure that can measure. these deaths in the malnutrition through what's called the international health metrics and evaluation which is funded by us now we know the various causes of death that's called the global burden of disease it's a brilliant website lets you see over time by country by age by disease what's going on and it's clear you should take the things like malaria diarrhea and ammonia that are killing lots and lots of kids and figure out how to save out to save those lives and so you know there's always tactics about ok which drugs should we put the money into or someone thinks ok you know my disease is right for a breakthrough but we're all united by this idea that lives have because of value and what's being done you know falls way way short of taking the richness of the
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world in the great science of the world and helping the children particularly in africa. to live healthy lives. in a lot of these poorest countries democracy activists and political opposition would . argue that healthcare is just one symptom of a much more fundamental problem of governance a lack of democracy and talking about countries that have disputed elections or sometimes no elections it's who. they would say there's a myriad of problems in health care as a symptom of something much more fundamental i mean you have the foundation has you know a lot of wealth and a lot of influence just by going for health care is it like you're putting maybe just a band-aid on these much bigger more fundamental issues well certainly if someone knew how to write checks and create perfect democracies then that should be looked
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at as a potential in investment to supposed to you know giving a kid a missile facts and keeping them alive. and i'd still argue that measles vaccine no matter what form of government that child lives under those parents do care and in a malaria vaccine is a fairly cheap thing we've cut deaths and half and you know there is no great correspondence between the form of government and how well the health care is run in a nigeria collects the least in taxes. any country any size and so even though it is a democracy. the primary health care system in the north is not delivering and so. you know it doesn't just because you have a democracy doesn't necessarily mean that those things happen. now as countries get wealthier. which does mean being serious about the help they do tend
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to become more democratic do you think there's a sequential change in development begins with health care that can then bring the developmental benefits and if so how does that work well of the overall aid. which is about one hundred thirty billion a year. from which is mostly from the rich governments in our pound asian. is a is pretty small percent it is large relative to foundations because we're over five five billion a year but it's small compared to the government budgets of these these donor amounts about twenty percent goes to health and that's gone up quite a bit since two thousand partly the emergency partly the realisation of the profound success you can have it very very low cost the fact that we measure and we
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can tell you even at the subnational level what the did seize bird looks like and it's the health care system working well or not. and and sub somebody wants to fix it we actually get them lots of timely data pretty. small district area. so yes help no one would ever say that help alone. isn't enough but if all those lives had been saved for me to be if we weren't coming along cutting malaria deaths even the kids who survive are greatly damaged by the disease and the the malnutrition and so if you want to invest in their education which of course you should you want them to be healthy enough that cerebral malaria or malnutrition don't leave them stunted and we know that the learning outcomes for the kids which are a pretty high percentage over
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a third of those are very very limited so health fits in with you know infrastructure and government governance and education as the things that you know most cunt most people now live in middle income countries and. you know so we've learned a lot about development. and particularly the the critical world health place. i want to ask you about the role of intellectual property rights in in public health care in global health care because microsoft fought hard to try and. to lobby for laws that would favor corporations in protecting intellectual property rights and of course the argument for that corporations will be more inclined to invest more if if their. intellectual property is protected so they can earn more returns but many health care campaigners argue that the laws should go the opposite
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way with the laws as they exist. to the detriment of the people in the poorest country who need medicines they argue that the intellectual property laws favor the big pharma and disadvantage the poor people who depend on medicines to survive having moved from i think you know to global public health what's your view on this now well sort of mischaracterizing the microscope as any case the. ideal case is if a disease exists in the rich world. in the developing moral then you get all your profit recovery and your r. and d. risk from the middle income and rich countries with pricing and so one gabi goes in to get vaccines or one global fund goes in to get. drugs drugs there's no intellectual property increasing the price for the cost base
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and so our foundation is an expert in ok what is it costing on the margin to make these things and can we use folly and commit search. upfront spending to get. a process optimized and so the developing countries are getting these medicines at a cost base price in the mean time the fact that these companies have an incentive to invent new medicines that's the great greatest hope we have. particularly for the non-communicable diseases where today the costs of cured to so very very high you know so sickle cell disease you know we hope that gets solved in the rich countries and then. we can take can cost a deuce that solution and bring it to these countries so you won't see patent lawsuits in poor countries where some day soon something there was one
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brief thing like that. in south africa a sort of low middle income where on the aids drugs first the pharmaceuticals didn't have the teared pricing and that was a mistake they agreed it was a mistake and so we're very involved in making sure that that those medicines are made very very cheap in fact we just gave. four hundred million of volume guarantees to switch the first medicine to a new. and new set of drugs that are much less likely to have drug resistance and so we made sure that the. cost based manufacturing because of those fine guarantees they could stay at this less than one hundred dollars a year so we are you know we have a lot of smart people making sure that medicines are getting to these poor countries at absolutely the lowest cost possible and if you know somebody sees an
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idea to do that better you know we're the place that will take a look at that because we have no incentive other than improving these health outcomes and i read the bill and melinda gates foundation is due to wind up. but if you melinda have pasta. why not keep up the good work because many of the foundations will keep going. well the costs are biggest cause these diseases that are more prevalent in the poor countries we hope to have largely solved you know polio is close to getting done smallpox was quite some time ago. you know during my lifetime recently within. twenty years after. malaria v t v every one of these diseases can either be eradicated or brought to a very low level so there will be rich people in the future and they will understand better whether the problem is you know genetic modification robots you
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know what progress still needs to be made on climate change or other environmental issues so you know i can't from my grave be as hanna little as i am today and so these resources will go to global help the doing our best to get rid of these things so people you know it's like when you read in a book about consumption and somebody died of consumption you're like what is that well of course it's tuberculosis but in the rich world you don't see it much anymore these diseases should be a distant memory. by the time our foundation. wraps up its work and in the next ten years would you think we can achieve well it's pretty exciting we have a pipeline of new vaccines. you know of course there's the danger that the rich world is distracted you know between turning in more or. you know various
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polarization things the idea of keeping this a generous that's something that we need to remind people that even though it's far away even though everyone wants while they'll hear about some small percentage that want to stray the actual impact of these donations to lift these countries up is pretty fantastic so assuming we maintain this great commitment that the donor countries should be very proud of and has been used to build capacity and drive towards eventual graduation. you know i think by two thousand and thirty we can cut under five deaths in half again so went from twelve million a year before a foundational started now to six million a year and by twenty thirty we think with some innovation and better delivery we can get that below three million a year so that's you know down to two and a happier sent you know from ten percent to five percent to two and a happier sound. and so you know time is on our side the science
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is making progress people are seeing the good examples as long as people maintain their commitment. to bill gates thank you very much for talking to us as it were thank you. on counting the call says the u.s. slams the brakes on iran's oil exports will try to spillover effect also have a secret world of high risk lending in the poor and a sting operation to catch a spy what's a play for control of the next generation of my bob counting the cost on al-jazeera . al-jazeera where ever you are. i need want
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to get down to the nitty gritty of reality whether online and have a male chauvinist and that is in plants with in our global federation it is really hard to get a piece of that pilot or if you join that sunset bluffly not coming to pick up their mind this is a dialogue everyone has a voice to talk to us there are a lot of you to chat and you too can be a mystery join the club a conversation on out is in. she's the head of four generations of family and the bearer of forty years of suffering fools a heart or a hinge a refugee in her ninety's has fled persecution in myanmar three separate times in her life first in one thousand nine hundred seventy then one nine hundred ninety one and finally in two thousand and seventeen. when the war they'd be to as they kidnapped as they detained does. google and her family span almost
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a century in age bonded through blood and displacement they now all live in a single hut located in the world's largest refugee camp in many ways what's happened to this particular extended family really mirrors what's happened to so many other rohinton who face decades of repression and abuse the range of aren't just the world's largest group of stateless people they're also among the world's most persecuted minorities. this is al-jazeera. jordan this is the odyssey or news from coming up in the next sixty minutes payne's
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ruling party comes out on top in general elections but fall short of winning enough votes to govern alone. pushing for peace afghanistan's president hosts a rare meeting of leaders to discuss ongoing efforts for discussions with the taliban. talks resume between saddam's military and opposition groups a rare transition to civilian rule and it's for the defending n.b.a. champion stern course to win a third straight title the golden state warriors the houston rockets game one of the second round series. welcome to the program spain's governing party is celebrating a victory in sunday's general election but the country's political future remains uncertain the socialist party got the most votes but did not get a majority of dup means the prime minister will most likely have to reach out to other parties to form a government well the election also saw vox becoming the first far right party to
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win seats in the spanish parliament in movement for two years let's go live now to some of whose in the spanish capital madrid so why was this election such a watershed moment in spanish politics. for a start really it's been one of the highest heard outs that's been seen in election year history of spain's democracy perhaps down to the fact that if you were for example a socialist or maybe a centrist at the threats of having that far right folks in some kind of power in a possible coalition a right wing coalition really urged people to go out and vote for fear of that so really you had quite a bit of tactical voting going on on that side as well second point as well of course is the fact that it signals the end of the two party system in spain the. big guns as it. always the socialist party and the right wing peoples party was a two party system on an on a nationwide stage that has come now to an end with the addition of these three
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other parties which has happened in recent times let's also not forget the importance of the way that the wall rural and the provincial areas of spain have had in this election too because there have been many more players in this race every single vote has counted therefore the party's went after them all of the knowing that they would have to lend their weight to their support but of course now all eyes are on the business of how that next government is going to be formed . a new day for spanish politics but no certainty over what kind of government will come out of sunday's election spaniards may have turned out in force to vote in one of the most divisive elections but it was the socialists who came out on top but i mean i think it's a good result and honestly i didn't expected i thought the right wing was going to win here i'm going to i think the results are stable they almost have a stable majority and this can be good. all eyes are now on which direction the
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socialist leader pedro sanchez will take so far they have said they would attempt to form a minority government but it's still early days so what happens next well for a start there are further elections to contest local ones in this country and the european elections that are sanches might be playing his cards close to his chest he wants to try to win their gains there. you there is the option of going into a coalition a guaranteed majority could be made by partnering with the center right citizens party but it is an unpopular option for the socialists and their followers joining with a hard left put their most would avoid that scenario but then they would need to make deals with cattle an independent test another unpopular choice it's really awkward this problematic for them they have to do a lot of of the nation to the to their followers to their members the fact that they are that they are negotiating with the caseloads so they will try they will try to avoid violence the socialists may have some time but no one is expecting
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a quick results from this historic election but it's unclear whether the governing party can overcome difficulties spain has had problems with coalitions in the past and it's unclear whether the governing party can overcome the difficulties to create a stable and effective government and so an election campaign was dominated by the rise of the far right so where does this leave the vox party which did pretty well . for a while indeed and in fact you could say the. they were the disrupters of this whole race this campaign even though they only gained about twenty four out of three hundred fifty seats in the congress the lower house of the spanish parliament still it was their presence that spurred people on to vote either one way or the other but let's also not forget what they did for right wing voters as well the fact of least split vote you had people who fled from the people's party to go either to
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the more centrist right citizens party but also took away voters from the people's party to go who were unhappy with how the people's party had governed and dealt with the crisis so in effect splitting the right wing in this country it's the people's party itself suffered a humiliating defeat the worst in it's history it's going to have to do some very serious and deeper fraction if it's going to have any part in any future political map here in spain but really that is one of the reasons why this election has been so historic because one of the historic parties is in effect did its control over the political scene. in madrid sunny thank you. talks between sudan's ruling military and the opposition have resumed with more discussions on the transition to a civilian government the two sides announced the formation of a joint council on saturday night and i believe the country until elections are
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held by the details are still being negotiated and if you took after earlier this month after forcing former president omar bashir to step down where he joins us live from the capital khartoum she's outside the military headquarters where demonstrations are still continuing for the second of these joint council meetings finally got under way after some delays how they managed to iron out the main issues. while they're in the biggest issue that they were trying to iron out was how that transitional government should look like the military council wanted. be a military transitional government with civilian representation and the coalition wanted to be a civilian government with military representation to finish their meeting about an hour ago and they still have not reached a deal but what they did agree on is the declaration of the constitution which should they say will decide how to transition government should look like there's still a lot of issues to be discussed between the two sides but they're saying that this constitutional declaration which they will announce shortly will be they want to
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decide how the legislative assembly should look like how the the transitional council the supreme council of the transitional period would look like and more importantly it will be the one to decide the relationship between the military council and the transitional government so more talks are expected ahead but for now it seems that while they have not reached a deal on the main issues they want to they have reached some kind of deal to form a transitional government and he reports that the military council has frozen the bank accounts of the official trade unions well so what's the thinking behind this move. while the military council has always been saying that it is trying to get rid of elements from the former regime and everything that was started by the former regime most of the unions and federations were started by president bashir and his ruling party and his government so what they what the military council is saying now is that anything that has been established or founded by the former government and the former ruling party has to be suspended and all their accounts has to be audited so that's according to the explanation and the reason why they
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have suspended most of the unions and the federations people in there and in sudan usually if you most of the unions as filled with members from the former ruling party with loyalists and they feel like these unions will not be able to carry out their work independently so the military council is saying that the accounts of these federations and unions will be audited and will be reviewed and that they will then cite new guidelines to form new unions which will be independent from the transitional government and from the coming governments thank you. well turkey says a man held on suspicion of spying for the united arab emirates has killed himself istanbul's prosecutor says her son's body was found in still very prison he was charged alongside another suspect earlier this month they were accused of monitoring arab citizens on behalf of the u.a.e. so them cause syria has more now from istanbul. palestinian nationalism was arrested by the turkish police with one of his friends and the turkish police said that they have confessed to have been spying on be helpful the united states and
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turkey for a while the i.r.s. the happened after following in a couple of months of technical surveillance by the turkish intelligence on those people turkish intelligence followed those two are out nationals for a couple of months and when they contacted a suspect who's name is on the investigation file of murder intelligence warned the turkish police and they arrested those two people according to the security sources and uncle rod they believe that. between turkey and egypt turkey and u.a.e. and turkey and saudi arabia have been strained mainly following the military coup in egypt in two thousand and thirteen those three countries have lost their intelligence gathering capacity and tricky and that's why and now they are trying to. build up and maybe intelligence work and this is what the turkish security believe in ankara right now and that's why they say they think that the united arab emirates is using other our nationals. inside truth to you what we have
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learned so far is that these people who were here to follow up with what nationals what they are doing how they are living mainly muslim brotherhood members who have many most of whom have moved to turkey following the military coup in egypt in two thousand and thirteen and a press statement. today suggested that. the who has killed himself on sunday in his solitary confinement was found by the warden. early morning hours. he hanged himself in the door using his clothes right now an investigation is underway and an autopsy on his body has been done. earlier we spoke. english language news says the death further complicates the diplomatic tensions on the u.s.
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. i think it's significant for the for the fact that to even now you know will not be able to gather further information. on their motivations or or what sort of. aimed a had in turkey in terms of political implications i think it's also important because the you we will you know will try to use this against turkey based on its already existing rivalry is true but you know today this is not something that will serve this is this is not a message that will really serve to turkey's interests least of all we did find out right after they were arrested that. these two individuals were at work to build some sort of an anti tookie structure this is some of the information that we have received. from our sources there's been heavy fighting in southern tripoli
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as forces loyal to the warlord who have talky pup their attacks on the libyan capital fighters and bombs from taking control of areas near the international airport.


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