ok let's focus too. and. i think muslims in european countries. believe that you know they joy the greatest freedoms and the muslim communities in the west are thriving most of all in europe and when they think about the position of muslims in america to be honest with you i think they think that the numbers are tiny before i caught the plane here actually i was with my mom and i said oh you as we say in somalia. how many muslims you think they're on in the whole of the united states and she said 100150000 you know the whole united states in the whole united states but i mean as i understand it is anywhere between 5 and 8000000 number i mean when you think about america as a land of opportunity and sort of seizing things with both maybe the sort of you know the next right you maz if i could be so arrogant as to say that will come from
him it's you. i have distant relatives in the somali community here they're among the 1st to escape the civil war that's been raging in my homeland off and on for decades 20 years on and the new wave of refugees has arrived from somalia some of just graduated college and throwing a party to celebrate their achievements we came here to take advantage of the opportunities here at the same time to keep our identity as muslims we're all going through the same experiences let's not forget our identity and let's give back to the community. i'm a very blessed person because. i get a little bit emotional. we've been given so much you know we've learnt so much. well you read the news it's happening at home i have nothing to complain about.
after that we need some laughs so i went to welcome i am doing. thank you very much but the problem is that it is beginning to close me so mother right it is better than me. luckily he's a big shot making one me about a year who knows that i don't know how you do among them after you win over at the height. of the. my adopted home england has a bigger somali community the minneapolis and it's been settled for longer but they do tend to think of england as home my parents a typical their mental bags are still packed to return to somalia but that's not true here these somalis are no less scarred all traumatized by their experiences of planted roots deeper and faster than any somali community i've seen in the world they don't talk of returning home they are going over. my speech. i want to.
tell you stuff and it's a message that came across loud and clear and i was still hearing it in the taxi to the airport with how much so whole of you lived up to 2 years 13 years yeah and you came from the monist somalia. and i was born there haven't been there for a long time there was a lot of problem last 1517 years. in england we somalis you know we're not that organized you know here in america you don't organize if you don't vote if you don't disobey the american way of living you lost. you know but that's the way to be visible that's the word to get heard yes can you be muslim and american up to yes do you have to sacrifice one to be the other. to be america 1st and you have to do what other americans decertify as a live to defending america because this is our country this is feel that you don't
think about. my life defending this country. i get the welcoming i get. that's a powerful thing compared to where i come from how we were how i was you know slaughter a friend of mine who died the war where we come where i come from coming here. you know having what i have. is home. minnesota is a liberal state in the democratic heartland of the midwest a welcoming place for the somalis the latest black immigrants to establish themselves in america but in the early years of its history america was the very opposite of welcoming for the 1st africans to reach these shores. for 300 years africans were brought here in chains a slave labor i'm heading to jackson mississippi in the deep south to meet some of
the descendants of those 1st african-americans because it seems that their history lines at the heart of the story of islam in america. this impressive looking building is actually the state capital of mississippi and i'll be honest i've come with my own really strong preconceptions about the south for me it's about being in the hearts of the bible belt it's about prejudice and the history of segregation but actually being told that the story of islam in america begins of all places here centuries before. and it's a story that begins with slavery. it's. starts here because most of the slaves shipped from africa came to work the plantations of the south among them when muslims. forbidding from practicing their faith they found secret
ways to keep islam alive calling the faithful to pray here in mississippi is abdul rashid he believes that one way they achieve this was through. the africans brought the lives of here as slaves people blues came from mississippi i don't think i've been hearing about the link between the call to prayer and the songs the slaves used to sing in the fields are they similar the call to prayer a lot. if you ever went to a baptist church then you can hear this in a baptist church all of the baptists especially the southern baptists. with a capella. singing the whole congregation to sing you know. love
. and be called the entire koran which basically chanted yesus you know and it was chanted basically a minor scale you see that connection to you and your singing things that had deeply embedded within the sort of african-american experience in the blues not only that but that was one of the things that. guided me to islam really is the music and when you start reading when i was introduced to the koran and that was he founded there as well founded well. so i think. for my opinion this is just what i opened it with my opinion of the daughter and something you go to the coffee maker but this is my opinion that this entire movement is a spiritual movement and is geared toward islam. like abdul
more and more people of all ethnicities are finding their way to islam a 3rd of all muslims in america about 2000000 a converts the people at the mosque in jackson convinced that this is having a positive impact on the entire nation o'connor was she'd is one of the founding members here today have you heard so much about it yet. and we're just happy to have a caller who is involved in a new research project with 25 other historians they believe their discoveries will not only rewrite the history of islam in america but transform our understanding of african cultures i think we're leading the way actually. as part of this initiative a co-founded the international museum of muslim cultures the 1st in america research here suggests the number of muslim slaves was much greater than previously thought one 3rd of all of them slave to africans that were brought to america
actually were muslims nobody knows this is new cutting edge information because we read our history books we don't see that we have one of the great stories here in mississippi in a place called natchez mississippi we have the story of our prince abdul-rahman ybor he he was an african muslim prince and scholar came out of the area around gambia and he was actually slave to matches for over 40 years and we have that story but but you're a combination of all these things that's unique here to the to the deep south on she i mean africa american and muslim and why. why is it important to stress i mean in this exhibit in your work this missing link of islam in this in this makes the most important reason is that it's going to help the african-american to become a 1st class citizen am opposed to
a 2nd class citizen and this whole standing up for rights fight for freedom leaving the whole effort in america for reforming america and bringing america to respect its own constitution all blending is really was that's what makes me optimistic about the future. this corner of the exhibition is really interesting because you've goals real evidence of this link between islam and slavery in mississippi and it put him of the man who was known as the prince among slaves who was sold into slavery for 40 years before winning his freedom and going to live as a free man in liberia and i understand that there are his descendants still living in the united states and i'm going to try and find them.
i now see that what's up the heart of the story of islam in america is the story of slavery and on this issue america was divided as early as the 17th seventy's some americans were calling for the abolition of slavery one of these thomas jefferson proposed forming a colony in africa to take freed slaves but it wasn't until 863 after the civil war that slavery was finally abolished with it came the economic collapse of the southern states which depended on slaves the big plantations fell to ruin and $2000000.00 freed slaves headed for the northern cities. for those who stayed behind life remained brutal well into the 20th century lynching and murder where every day facts of life african-americans across the south. african americans have been telling me that here in mississippi a place and i've always associated with prejudice they can now be muslim without prejudice and that this is an essential part of being
a muslim in america the fight against prejudice and the struggle to be free and it was in pursuit of this struggle that in the early part of the 20th century millions of african-americans abandoned the south and they headed north which is where i'm going next. i'm catching the night train to chicago following in the footsteps of millions of freed slaves to the city by the promise of jobs in the factories and stockyards. with the hope of living a life free from prejudice but they did have another option to sail from liberia the colony america established for free to slaves in africa. it was a stark choice scratchie living in america's ghettos will build
a nation from scratch the muslim prince ibrahim of mississippi that of color told me about was among the 1st to sail from liberia where he dreamt of establishing islam but the early settlers encountered little bit disease and hardship and prince ibrahim barely saw the completion of the 1st settlement before he died. martin liberia has suffered a succession of civil wars and feeling the last of these was abraham's great great great great grandson who's turned this story on its head he fled wall to liberia to find freedom in america his name is. he asked i want to say i want to start in liberia i came to this country and it was just a shift as an honest and in my own country's history that i spent hours in the library just trying to find out the history of the mississippi. and then i define oh yes there were ships there was a ship manifesto and a longer ship name out of great ground bothers me his name was like man
ibrahim sorry he was one of the sons of. remodel or was and was a prince but also clearly by his name a muslim a muslim was very important to realize that. son's. medicine and that for me was like winning the lottery on the rare amazing. reverse here to come from africa . here i have a gun from africa. refuge in a chicago place intellectual place for me is spiritual home for me in above all it has one of the largest collection of books in africa one norway in africa is right here in chicago how important was it that up to your relative was a muslim this country has to understand its roots especially when it comes to african-american is an islamic groups african-american show not just a religion it is a heritage and
a good thing about it people respect each other here you know in the midst of all of this is diversity so that's something that you've got what has that. chills what it means when people in. all busy merge. artemus has a good point chicago is culturally very diverse and it has a large muslim community big enough to justify this celebration of arab culture it's the 2nd year running the city is celebrating its links with the middle east for those for whom a slaves who fled the south a little over 100 years ago the transformation of this city so would be unbelievable. african-americans came to chicago as parts of one of the largest human migrations of the 20th century they were leaving the segregated and racist south in search of a new life in what many hoped would be a promised land and it was out of this experience that was born the 1st american
muslim movements and it was known as the nation of islam. in the 1930 s. a radical idea began to spread through the cities of america the idea that white people were irredeemably evil form the coolness stone of the nation of islam. he's theology combined islam and black nationalism the nation's message appeal to african-americans who fled the bigotry of the south of the 1950 s. the nation had around 100000 members led by in large. part. the would gave the nation some credibility were high profile members including the boxer caches clay who took the name. and the radical charismatic activist malcolm x. in the present situation. but
in 1965 after leaving the movement malcolm x. was assassinated defection sold enough to a larger mama died most of the membership converted to mainstream islam. i'm on a bit of a pilgrimage south of chicago to meet a man who's had a profound effect on the story of islam in america he's the son of a 100 but he led the largest single conversion to mainstream islam that america has ever seen. their journey to work can be a challenge on its own. but for some peruvian villagers traversing one of the world's most dangerous roads is a risk that comes with age of. will follow the journey of these people as they get to survive. risking it all.
on al-jazeera. we understand the differences and the similarities of cultures across the world. so no matter where you call home al-jazeera will bring in the news and current affairs that matter to you. al-jazeera. hello montaner in london the top stories on our jazeera at least 3 people have been killed in sudan during the 1st day of a general strike and call for civil disobedience it's been organized in response to a violent military crackdown on protesters the opposition is accusing the military jointer of waging a war against the sudanese people and they say they won't stop protesting until
there's a transfer to civilian rule it's just another form of this relation of nonviolent resistance. we tried going out in protests would be if they thought well if we were if you feel we did not want you we want where we are what one says they walk or see what we want is a civil authority there's been violence in hong kong as police try to break up for testers following a mass rally organizers say more than a 1000000 people took part in the demonstration to oppose a controversial extradition bill they fear the proposed changes would allow trying to target political opponents in the territory and send them to the mainland for a trial exit polls in kazakhstan show the interim president has won 70 percent of the vote in sunday's election. if it is said to be the 1st new leader in 30 years but some opposition groups say the vote was unfair at least $500.00 people have
been arrested after police and protesters clashed on election day. holdovers interim president has signed a decree calling for snap elections to be held in september the move plunges the country deeper into political crisis after pro russia and pro european lawmakers failed to form a government despite months of wrangling philip was appointed as the country's interim leader after a court relieved president ego down of his duties the risk of people dying attempting to cross the sea to europe is at its highest ever that's according to the un's refugee agency u.n.h.c.r. says without intervention in the mediterranean there will be a sea of blood the libyan coast guard says it's rescued more than $500.00 refugees trying to reach europe since the beginning of june. and iran has unveiled a new air defense system which it says is capable of targeting fighter jets and drones says the technology called 15 called out can handle 6 targets at once.
there's the headlines rewind islam in america continues next and i'll have the news after you straight after that if you can. the mom wallerstein muhammad lives modestly here in chicago he became the head of the nation of islam when his father in larger mohammad died in 1975 wallerstein persuaded most of the nation to adopt mainstream islam and he changed the nation's name to the world community of islam in the west there were some very startling ideas. which i was alone has yet to tell us about some of the it was a myth and this did destroy we had a myth of the origins of the white race as grafted there were the black men you know as man grew in you and the black and black people were gods and the whites were devils and exactly. exactly but what made you break with the nation of islam
that it didn't it didn't take nothing but a child's brain for me to do that i was about 11 or 12 when i was that that was wrong then you became a sunni muslim well i don't make a big deal about sunni and shia you know when i became a mainstream muslim you became a mainstream muslim and really the importance of it how it would affect not only muslims but christians sue. was not realized ballasts in 1905 in what way was it important turning that means alaska national this movement as extreme as ours believing what we believe in the race issue could make a 180 degree turn and join the muslims of the world good christians and of the good people of this earth it's amazing when you look from the middle east to europe thinking of america as a bad place to be a muslim it's like living in the belly of the beast now heard that how would you
say that life is like for people well we know things that happened to make america peer ugly in the eyes of citizens of this country and that is a world that if we can see america the beautiful that has advanced that against america the ugly successfully. then i'm sure that we would recognize that america's the most fertile soul we have for x. davening our religion and our future for our children grandchildren and children to come and then my journey across america if i want to find america the beautiful. where will i find that kind of things should i look for the concept of citizenry how citizenry is that race. in the constitution the united states based upon the equality of man and i feel very strongly that the founding fathers envisioned. a
world that would welcome muslims and others from across the waters not only christians. there seems to be an incredible transformation in only 30 years ago chicago was the most racially divided city in america it had a white supremacist movement and a black separatist movement it's all some of the worst racial violence in the entire country i'm amazed what i'm hearing from people like ata misson wallerstein and it seems chicago is becoming much more at ease with its own diverse population it's a rich city where life is improving on many fronts better public education karma race relations and overall the crime statistics show a big improvement. but there is still a dark side to the city because even though the city has cracked down and arrested gang leaders gang violence is getting worse i've been here for 3 days and 9 people
have been killed in gang warfare. islam has made huge gains in chicago which is home to the largest number of african-american muslims in the u.s. 30 years ago they had only one mosque today they have more than 40 to choose from now islam has a new battle to win trying to loosen the hold the gangs have on chicago's south side this. i'm heading to the south side to visit the city's 1st halfway house for muslim x. prisoners its aim is to provide an alternative to life in the gangs the man who runs this project to serve 12 years for murder like many x. offenders he converted to islam in prison his name is. rafi peterson. we used to go
in the cook county jail division 11 which is in the like maximum security and then . we sing so many brothers we did there for like 6 years and then we seen so many brothers coming home and going right back right we realize that we needed so attention to food and most being must have been very hard for a lot of you've known as if you come back and you've got to make money you've got to make ends meet not only that remember a lot of brothers that convert to islam and institutions. they were other than the institutions so we know that you have to have an environment here for the brothers to get a foothold when they get out and so we want to national housing service said look my you know i know you've got some houses. can we get one right and he said i know a good one you can have what we have and a lot of. you know we can do a little bad way when i 1st saw this it was goofy everywhere and here this is again
the gang house it was boarded up you know and the neighbors and stuff with afraid to say and thinking what are you to call the police on these guys the neighborhood is feeling the benefits of this project but that's no rule it's having a positive impact on new still in prison. and you know to see more more i mean african-americans coming to islam and especially in in prison. they already have it in the south they need somebody to bring it out. so fast they see it and they might see over night that you know. this whole free house is a calm sensor in a neighborhood torn up by gun violence and rafi is not content to let murder and mayhem thrive on his doorstep. right here in the sound guy with the rocket. they dropped a brother right here and they shot him in the. this is
a very the head of the. booking pastor there. up this street here. they say it's 88000 young people between the ages of 8 to 25 in this general area that we live in west a lot of. some teasing them down the street don't want to go down there specially to come in the car this morning his own sound if you look down the street to street look like a ghost see all the house in the same thing down this way. having to drop fast and also so that he can handle 6 you don't want to take you up 6 meters i mean you're living right now also so you know a lot of people they you know they know a lot of the brothers and even a lot of the brothers in the tribes they don't like what i'm doing but they know that i got to do it weeks ago they killed the brother that i get the best the store that they broke in on the corner they shot that place up the one thing that they
did when they locked up all the real gang chiefs in chicago they destabilize all of the gangs now there's no one individual who can come to me like you used to back in the day and say man they got control of the whole you know there's a madness of i mean they got to do what they got to do this the bottom. not you know can i understand what. you want to turn people away you got to turn into a song and of course what rafi is trying to turn this neighborhood towards is islam . what do you think rushdie here in chicago would do you think islam is place in america i mean is it a growing want to go to a healthy future or i think that islam can be the cure to america ills of openly aseptic islamic cannot down barriers because we as muslim we spoke to be the best for humanity and i think you in america has an opportunity to really teach and show
that that's what we are and that we can be. i have to admit i've come to america with my own prejudices and misconceptions i thought that being muslim in america was a story of widespread fear discrimination and stereotyping but in the short time i've been here what i'm hearing from muslims is about opportunity constitutional rights and due process about having a stake in this country and being made to feel that they belong and as i travel across america what i want to find out is whether these ideas define not only what it means to be a muslim in america what it actually means to be an american muslim. and i'm getting the message that a great deal of what it means to be an american muslim is understanding your constitutional rights and how you go about being a good citizen and it's in washington the nation's capital where i'm hoping to
learn about citizenship the law of the land and the influence of islam in fact in something that would come as a huge surprise to most of us amongst the founding fathers one of the greatest thomas jefferson had his own koran in full of knowledge and. of islam's contribution to world civilization and one of the most famous monuments in the american capital over that is dedicated to him. a big part of the legacy of thomas jefferson in the founding fathers is freedom of expression it means a lot to americans including american muslims one of the most radical ways you can indulge this freedom is on stage through comedy. i mean washington d.c. about to get a lesson in free speech at a comedy club show you the real nicholas berg generation pakistani muslim woman she just won an ignite one is in america ruby nicklaus won
a national talent competition and became an overnight star my parents like when they came to this country they told everyone they were pakistani muslim immigrants so that i wouldn't have to grow up at the stigma being known as hawaiian. to me this is my mom that one nation of easter to me and my sister's 2 story. oh east the jesus christ will come back from the dead. and he will give all of the good days in the night. you know i mean. i make stitch. on the east the jesus christ will come out of the gate. and if he does not see his shadow.
it will be 6 more weeks of children i. think that you're going to redeem. you in the. end there's always a mixed bag of reaction and i mean there are some that really feel as though it is imminent you know there are those you know and there are others who just sort of take it in stride and what do you think i mean when you when you say you but you know you what your heritage is in some ways comedy is a way to disown people up down. a little easier for people to handle some of the muslim terrorist takes a joke when you're me and you like 6 i need to see you know i get totally different then you know a guy with a big beard in appears to look at a woman is it made sort of all the comics suddenly jump in there as well one thing to sort of talk about iraq you know yeah they were mixed as a whole tend to be
a little more political and. and you have jumped into the mix in terms of taking liberties with making fun of muslims and islam a religion a little bit more than in the past opening up the conversation putting a stereotype on the table that was a mess and so way to break it down for you. i mean when i do 3rd of the federal typing and tell a cab driver job like that and and my mom calling in to him you should get people about the contribution that american muslims have made going to me we have the most educated we've got the black people really that. part of ruby's act is offending people and she's very good at it if she wants to say that jesus gives chocolate to children she can but the principles that underpin this freedom go way beyond providing material for comedians they provide the basis for the nor of this land and guarantee freedoms than
a carved in stone. congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion or prohibiting the free exercise thereof or abridging the freedom of speech or of the press all the rights of people to peaceably assemble and to petition the government for a redress of grievances when people talk about the fundamental freedoms in shrines in the american constitution this is what they're talking about the 1st amendment and it's the reason why so many american muslims have been talking to me about the american constitution because it is they are free to practice their religion as muslims and they are free to speak their minds unlike so many muslims in muslim countries around the world and if anybody tries to oppress them in this country they can seek justice from the american government the fundamental freedoms guaranteed under islamic law not far from these american ideals and that's amazing when you realize the koran predates the constitution by
a 1000 years and there is evidence in washington that suggests america knows it's indebted to islam for its own citizens inalienable rights to life liberty and the pursuit of happiness. this is the supreme court in washington now we can't get into film because they're actually in session but what i wanted to show you is a free means which is in the room where the chief justice is actually sits and dispense justice. this frees pays homage to the ideas and principles that have inspired the american legal system and one of the foundation documents represented in this freeze is the koran. and in the nation's capital there are a few other references to islam largely unknown rarely seen the thomas jefferson building contains the library of congress the oldest cultural institution in washington which was completed in the 19th century around the dome of the reading room is a mural meant to represent the nations and ideas that contributed most to american
civilization and it might come as a surprise to historians that amongst the ideas represented here is islam. beneath this great meeting congressman keith ellison who i came across at the start of my journey in minneapolis so he told me about when you took your oath of office because it was a copy of the koran and not just any copy but that was on this qur'an that we have right here before us and you know in fact on which is a 2 volumes it has the initials t.j. inscribed right here thomas jefferson and so you know we said this was your reaction when you find them one of the founding fathers had his own copy of the koran i was gobsmacked. huge had it was international. i didn't have much appreciation for why it would be a big deal that a muslim of the elect of the united states congress i thought the issue was going to be color. and i thought wow we've really made some great strides in terms of
racial justice when people don't care that i'm black anymore they're just they're just exudes or dark about religion but do you think keith that for all the grassroots activism in the muslim community that at a national level the fact is that most americans are still afraid of islam americans i think are subject to fear just like any people in the world but i think this is deeply rooted tolerance in people and we've been through a moment a civil rights movement we've been through all kinds of social change movements all marching the country toward a greater level of equality and i think people are just not ready to try to cut anybody out of the deal but the fact is in the european context it's what it means to be a brit or a norwegians fairly tightly defined they would look like you are in what it means to be. yours you're certain colors certain cultures certain faith yes but in america cultures all colors are faiths even the most conservative american does not question my authenticity as an american you know we oppose social orthodox i mean
hierarchies and economic iraqis we're not saying we have social justice have been here we don't but but the fact is we don't question our authenticity as americans. on this journey i've met muslims who've made me rethink my prejudices about america muslims here realize something the rest of the world and possibly other americans have forgotten this country was born out of a revolutionary moment settlers 1st came here fleeing religious persecution they overthrew a colonial monarchy they based their constitution on the ideals of the french revolution and radical thinkers like tom paine john locke and yes the prophet mohammed. but there's a much more recent moments in american history that has come to define america's relationship with islam.
a. look out over her. thinking about america's relationship with islam like everybody else i'm joined immediately it's a one city and one moment and the events of september the 11th 2001 in new york city changed that relationship between america and islam forever. and it must also have had an impact on american muslims mohammad was with the new york city fire department on 911 will muslims like me then you know who died and some that died definitely muslim died there you know trying to help. james yee was
the army's muslim chaplain at guantanamo prison. i was being accused of espionage spying and aiding the enemy now these are capital crimes in which military prosecutors even threaten me with the death penalty. they're a distinctly american from of islam is emerging in the off the mouth of 911 our backs going to believe something unique is happening here the voice of the muslim woman has not been heard throughout the 1400 years of islamic history now we need to hear from the women and it's only when you live in america that you are empowered to go forward with your idea of. islam and america from 2008 as we know a lot has happened says globally with the rise of by. and in america itself where
terrorism has returned to american soil and president trump has introduced a travel ban which seems to many to target muslims so 10 years on what is the position of islam in america it's a reality the political analysts who lives and works in the united states and she joins us now rula thank you very much so you moved to the u.s. in 2009 during that time what as a muslim what have you seen that has changed for muslims in america and i realize it's a broad question that what are the things that stick out to you well a lot of things changed we see major shifts in islamophobia and attacks against muslims in 20152016 it's not a coincidence that the f.b.i. report about hate crimes islam will fulbeck hate crimes in america skyrocketed in those years by far much more than in 2001 after 911 i just want to remind you
that immediately after the election president trump banned 6 countries 6 muslim countries and it looked like a persecution religious based persecution of one group based on the actions of individuals that are carried in pakistan maybe afghanistan iraq and elsewhere he went on to attacking the 1st muslim mayor subject on immediately in the aftermath of a terrorist attack in london singling him out he did in fact act the mayor of barcelona after the attack or the mayor for any other city but he single outside the car because it is muslim and his brown this is the platform. on which he campaigned and his governing now so where are the voices of people that would traditionally be allies to push back against this type of dangerous rhetoric that sometimes also crosses over into violence where are those voices. i mean there are breyer voices
we have some. muslim voices in america whether they are intellectuals like razor. and others but 3 day we are in minority we are underrepresented in the political arena and in the media i mean i am the only one that gets invited invited to c.n.n. and i'm b.c.m. to others to explain why this rhetoric is so dangerous and it was it was used before remember europe in the thirty's when you go through the holocaust museum it's clear if thouse you and it's written in the wall the holocaust did not start with the killing it started with words with violent words it started with politicians dividing people with them versus us it started with them and ising an entire group of people and criminalizing them and then that pave the way for the killing and for the gas gas chambers remember president bush after 911 pushed this
narrative of them versus us either you are with us or them that means if you challenge his views or his policies and decision then you are a terrorist and your label as a terrorist and many liberals jumped on that vaga. just want to remind you that president obama and he was elected the 1st accusation the birth or movement that led and paved the way for trump to win the election what was he accused off of being a secret muslim that he is a crypto muslim and america is fighting a monster today that is called the country off white supremacy is basically the pure race and in the name of the pure race every minority is an enemy and that will be the final word rula jebreal thank you so much for joining us thank you for having me. that is it from us join us again next week at the rewind page it's al jazeera dot com for more films from this series and michelle carey thank you for joining us so you can see.
how the antarctic field has been around a good part of new south wales victoria last year has gone they say here actually was almost tropical in origin and it won't be reflected but that frontal system will allow at least walton interiors to go $700.00 late and 6 in melbourne disappointing still down tasmania as it's raining and rather miserable of 14 in hobart on monday percy's the next front coming it could well be
a windy one temperature at 17 come monday down to 6 you don't choose it doesn't really reflect the feel of the weather which i think will be quite vicious actually but the eastern coast where it's looking cross again townsville that's the average of 24 melbourne's up to 70 hobart sees more sunshine and 50 now given the origin of that are talked about the stuff that also went through sydney which is it captured it here the temp is in new zealand probably will be higher than you might expect for example on monday we got 14 in wellington $150.00 can and this i think most likely is c. fall so pretty groovy around the coast but the sun's out in the south around your notice and although on chooses a greater chance of rain coming in late in the day you still more northerly breeze so quite. fed humid air are saying 15 degrees is quite hard again for this time of the year.
capturing a moment in time. snapshots of other lives. other stories. providing a glimpse into someone else's work. inspiring documentaries from impassioned filmmakers and the front lines i feel like i know if i have the data to prove a. witness on al-jazeera. this is al jazeera. alone nor intended this is the al-jazeera news hour live from london coming up. sudan the streets full silent in a day of defiance aimed at the military the opposition say the jointer is waging
a war against the sudanese people. protesters and police face off in hong kong and we knew that just nation that would allow people to be extradited to mainland china . the un refugee agency says the risk of death has never been higher for migrants attempting to cross the mediterranean sea. and under attack from time of conflict and instability experts say urgent help is needed to preserve what was the ancient kingdom of babylon. and i'm peter 7 in doha with all your sport where it's history by the dozen for rafael nadal the spaniard wins these 12 french open title at roland garros impacts. at least 3 people have been killed in sudan during the 1st day of
a general strike and call for civil disobedience has been organized in response to a violent military crackdown on protesters the opposition is accusing the military jointer of waging a war against the sudanese people and they say they won't stop protesting until there's a transfer to civilian rule. has more. sunday marks the beginning of the weaken sudan but rather than work commutes and traffic jams the streets of khartoum are empty these videos appear to show that the public has heated the calls by pro-democracy groups for civil disobedience and a general strike. the movement for freedom and change together with the sudanese professionals union had announced sunday's action in response to the military gintas seizing of power and the continued crackdown on protesters. it's still not known how many people were killed by the security forces during last week's massacre when the main pro-democracy sits in was forcibly dispersed but a sudanese doctors group puts the toll in the past week at 117 videos like these
continue to emerge showing that while the military gentle talks about dialogue its personnel are trying to beat the people into submission but when the play. is that we hope that our brothers in the other groups respond to our colfer dialogue without preconditions what's at stake is the nation we value the efforts of our friends who are concerned about developments in sudan we want to reach an agreement but if we don't then we will form a government. despite an attempt by the if european prime minister to mediates between the joints and pro-democracy groups being received well by both sides security forces arrested several of the group's leaders within hours of the if european pm departing khartoum the man believed to be quoting the shots in the military council is its vice presidents muhammad him down hannity the former warlord in his notorious jungle weed forces have been accused of committing war crimes during the darfur conflict that doesn't bode well for sudan's pro-democracy
protesters added to that's the military's leadership has held several meetings with saudi crown prince mohammed bin solomon and mirage de facto leader mohammed bin zayed and egypt's kuti their turn presidents are different the all of whom have been accused by human rights groups of cracking down on free speech. the main groups behind sudan's revolution have insisted they will remain peaceful and not give up their demands for freedom despite the violence general strikes like sundays are an example of peaceful resistance but in a country with a history of conflict in a region where revolutions have tried to interest wars there is genuine concern for sudan's future jamaal of al-jazeera sudan's opposition figures say they will only restart discussions with the military if certain preconditions are met they include a clear admission and an apology for monday's crackdown in khartoum which doctors
say claimed $113.00 lives the release of political detainees 5 opposition members were arrested on friday after holding mediation talks with the prime minister for just leaders also want all internet and media restrictions lifted there's been a complete mobile internet blackout since the crackdown and last week's udaan closed there is office is in the capital and withdrew staff work permits the opposition is also demanding the guarantee of public freedoms such as the right to assembly and freedom of speech let's hear from some of the people participating in the civil disobedience campaign in sudan. and. the people cannot be governed by force and i'm not saying this neither as a member of the opposition nor someone who supports the government but the people do not want this government and as you can see the streets are empty shops are closed i personally want to civilian government. but the sudanese people also had
a big role to play in order for the civil disobedience to be executed in the correct way and on its 1st day i think that it has been 300 percent successful. under their correspondent imran khan has just come back from khartoum he says the purchased movement has entered a new phase. well if you speak to the protest movement there are really 2 very distinct periods now that they talk about they talk about before june the 3rd and after june the 3rd not before june the sit in was a very peaceful it was almost like carnival like atmosphere and we would go down to the protest signs every night to see what was going on to do our reporting and what we saw was a young people old people families coming out the people providing face painting services you see these little kids with sudanese flags across their faces there would be people giving lectures there was a lending library on the would be people creating and then june the thing that
happened now on june the 3rd in the very early hours of the morning they actually blocked off her telephone stopped us from leaving and what happened was i went out on to the balcony with my colleagues just to see what was going on we were hearing sporadic gunfire and the road was closed off by the rapid security forces on both ends of the street and then they came to the street with guns and forced us back inside the international media was staying at the hotel none of us could leave that day and it was a real problem for people who wanted to guard report now we were banned from reporting on the friday before the monday so we knew that there was an issue we knew there was a problem going in what we didn't realize is how much they were going to stop us then you get to june the protest movement say is that the sit in has been dispersed a 100 people at least killed that day so now what they're doing is this campaign of civil disobedience is taking 2 forms this is
a strike and you see the pictures of the empty streets and the strong kids taking hold but also what's happening is kids basically young people from various different neighborhoods are building barricades they building barricades of brick. building barricades with burning tires they set them up and then they leave and that causes a problem for the rapid security forces because they then have to take them down and this is a way of slowing though so the civil disobedience is a huge campaign and it's the only thing really that the protesters say they have left. abraham is a member of the transitional military council and chairman of its security and defense committee he says the military's amos change sure safety and security in sudan and. we call on all citizens to be vigilant and careful and to inform us quickly about any negative actions and we will respond will be on continuous patrols in all the seasons and we will protect the welfare of the citizens especially when the citizens refuse to acknowledge the call for civil
disobedience and with determined to go to work this despite the difficulties and the barricades we affirm that the military council is not an enemy of the forces of change or freedom or any other political entity in the country and we affirm our determination to achieve the aims of the revolution and in particular the desired democratic change the military forces and the rapid support forces are ensuring the security of the people and the country. tony is now in the studio is john ryle he's a professor of anthropology at bard college in new york state and a specialist on eastern africa thanks so much for coming in so how effective do you think the civil disobedience campaign will be. it's of course hard to tell and it's impressive it's impressive that the civilian movement has kind of rebounded from the events earlier this week when as everybody knows i think some of these were killed there was mass rape and it seems that the by that one thing we
don't know is what's happening much about are happening outside the courtroom worth remembering that this whole movement began outside of khartoum and began in other cities particularly in burma and it may be that the same thing is happening there all the attention is on hot soon because it's the 1st time there's been this kind of bloody confrontation in the capital what about i mean did the protestors have said that they won't go back to talks unless their preconditions are met and the military saying they can't have talks with preconditions and where does that leave any possibility of a dialogue it leaves it with. the president of ethiopia who's made the 1st move by visiting or truman i think is going to visit again. i think it leaves it with external actors because a lot depends on the actions or inactions of saudi arabia the u.a.e. and they may be influenced by the u.s. government if the u.s. government chooses to follow its words with actions or threats of action and more broadly what internationally of though there was talk about a u.n.
possibility of a monitoring mission or some kind of intervention it is that we're monitoring mission intervention slightly different things where they remember the u.n. is already in sudan you know there's a joint a you u.n. mission in darfur supposedly a peacekeeping mission which has not been very successful i think the u.n. moves slowly and i think also it's a bad time in the history of the world actually for multilateral action because so much to sent in you've got russia and china they're not going to come behind the u.n. resolution of any force i wouldn't have thought just to go back to the the military council what's your interpretation of of who's in charge and whether there's any kind of split to me because i was you know they are a safe blamed for the for. killings earlier in iran but is that but then but is there a kind of split between a kind of regular army and they are safe or do you think they're actually were acting in cohesion that have been some resignations from the transitional council
this week which i think suggests that there are people in it who are demurring really from the you know old for violence perpetrated mainly but not exclusively by the rapids for forces i think a lot of the opposition are hoping for a split because that would mean that they will be weakened obviously the consequences of a split of course are something which could be very alarming because it could mean that there was actually street fighting in the heart tomb between factions of the army. if there was a split the army probably has the hardware to defeat the rapid support forces but it might not be easy it i mean are the records what forces mainly in control of khartoum or always they also control from the regular army i don't think so we've i don't think we know really the reports are visible patrols by the rabid support forces mainly in technicals. but the army headquarters which of course was the site of the original processes is clear.