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tv   Aly Abuzaakouk  Al Jazeera  June 15, 2019 7:32am-8:01am +03

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india's long informal economy and almost people are off the books and off the record and mr modi have been trying digital economy to put it ripping on record so that every economic activities accomplished foreign added up in the old g.d.p. calculation so i think statistically we should be getting better and more accurate over time ok let's hope so that's quite an undertaking dr surround thank you very much for your time appreciate it my pleasure. after 25 years of importing the world's waste china through the global recycling industry into chaos it refused to buy plastic waste rich nations have gotten used to exporting the rubbish to asia where labor is cheap and environmental standards were not enforced or were nonexistent matters came to a head when many asian nations couldn't pick up the slack from china's refusal to take in waste just trying to get their head around the numbers that is challenging but the impact for the environment and our planet is disastrous there's
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a lot of money involved the global market for waste recycling is worth $300000000000.00 that's according to consultants from frost and sullivan plastics recycling alone is estimated to account for $37600000000.00 in 2018 between 1950 to 2078 point 3000000000 metric tons of plastic has been produced so let's put that in context that's a quibble and $25000.00 empire state buildings or that's enough to cover the entire country of argentina we're still 3 quarters of all plastic produces now and landfills or in the ocean only 9 percent gets recycled and 12 percent isn't center rated. over 25 years china imported $106000000.00 metric tons or 45 percent of all plastic waste and china will only buy plastic waste that is 99.9 percent pure in other words recyclable exporters mostly from rich nations scramble to find new
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markets such was the scale of china's imports countries like malaysia indonesia thailand and vietnam were soon swapped and unable to cope it took the philippines 6 years to send 60 containers of toxic waste back to canada more than 100 containers or about 2500 tons of waste were shipped here from canada and 2013 in 2014 the containers have been mislabeled as recyclable rubbish impoverished communities like this one in downtown miller are the ones who suffer the most from the disposal of hazardous waste load it. 2 is then i would advise going into. an overly. going to the. it if you want to the malaysian government also says it will send back some $300.00 metric tons of non-recyclable plastic waste to countries like
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canada australia and the us. it is costly and pay for respond to send their wishes to poor countries simply because the poor countries have no tries may be even contribute a little to their economy joining me now via skype from perth in western australia is james reimer jane is the 0 waste coordinator for the national toxics network of australia appreciate your time very much so recycling it is big business not so much for developing nations though it doesn't really add a lot of value to them is there any way to quantify what the costs are to some of those countries the health cost the environmental costs as a way to quantify that well to be honest i don't know if there is a way to quantify that because the impacts all. the juicy recycling recycling materials that are going to the asia pacific region closing a profound public health and environmental impacts i'm not aware that you could put
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a price on meant. because the impacts are intergenerational the global and they impact this nation's people disproportionately i'm not sure how you quantify that but i think. there is international in that plastics recycling particularly is a major global issue and that's why international conventions like i was a convention stepping up to address the issue so that the asian nations that you're referencing a better being negatively impacted by this as it is that capitalism is a grade is that inequality what is it industry for alone time particularly the plastics packaging packaging industry and the rustics production industry which are inherently tied to the fossil fuel and it's a chemical industries currently industry externalizes all of those calls. it products and once the product is sold that's the end of irresponsibility and yet we
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know. that. model of old is news is leaving early and globally disastrous. and whilst management problem that is good teacher leigh i just push on at me affecting the asia pacific region so when you talk about this being a global issue and having a global and pact is there any i mean i don't know the g 20 s. or some global organization that is willing to address this that has shown any interest in addressing this to have some sort of agreement some sort of accountability for these things the g 20 is more political mechanism it's not legally binding whereas international conventions like stockholm and by those who conventions are legally binding just recently we've seen the convention address the issue all the trans boundary shipment we've read recently. that you raised strain in 80 in exportable of contaminated waste in countries like
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philippines indonesia and malaysia and it's not as if the gluten countries haven't known that the sense i mean based certainly from what has been plenty of warning so jane when it comes to these they single use plaques plastics there are some companies that are making an effort to do away with them but a lot of the larger companies just have not been able to replace plastic with bio plastics and some point doesn't just come down to a they were going to use plastic or all the plastic has to go no not at all the plastic. waste disaster is a symptom of a failed waste management system where billy and the inequities that exist globally that exploit asia pacific countries particularly some of the some dilution to the plastic waste problem is really. cruel. a much
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deeper. holistic approach to improving waste management across the world and many countries are stepping up and doing that but we have to look at the law and how we've come to this situation and we can't really address adequately the issue of both plastic aleutian and the problems it's creating if we doing to address the waste management and the leni have materials production system that driving it generation so it is eating your economy it means. using finite rule materials. producing products and then disposing of land. or worse to incinerate those at the moment a lot of the contaminated too late into the eyes of the country because we don't have strong global laws to prevent that although the by the conventions trying to
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address that we need to address the dinosaur in the run which is that. she was production process it's it's time to go and we need to move to more sustainable waste management systems jane farmer thank you very much thank you very much and that norway is one trillion dollar sovereign wealth fund has decided to sell its stake than $150.00 or oil and gas companies and poor more money into grain ventures that's a trend that car makers are following as they turn to electric power the shipping industry which moves 90 percent of world trade as came to or 2 sets greenhouse emissions its carbon footprint as the same instrument and the car quintile stein that norway where one cruise company setting a grain example. the club and yachts in the west coast of norway where there's been a long rich history of ship building but this is something different to ships the roald amundsen the for itself once in a nearing completion and there are steps into the future crises nestles the fate of
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the arctic this is ships that will take paying passengers through remote parts of the world powered partly by bashing but you know expedition ship together is a complex process as you might imagine involving welders conferences and plumbers and of course electricians there's more than 750 kilometers of cabling to say nothing of details and extensive wiring for powering the ship by self generated electricity the batteries anjan place yet so what's what are we what's going to be put in place and what will we see this rack your kind that can fit 20 m. battery cells and it will be about walls for each cell or each rep here with this rx with we have behind us now we can reduce to 20 percent off the fuel consumption of the ship. the vessels thrust will come from a combination of diesel and battery power batteries and cells will be constantly charged by the ship's engines as they run. kyle writes and will be captain on the
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roald amundsen as she attempts a northwest passage later this year is really important because we are going to remote areas on the ball areas to be able to do you know feet footprints but. to give you is only the green footprints we supply the polar system with the batteries as we are sailing but also when we do the operation in the arctic on time . given the shipping industry is responsible for a significant proportion of the global climate problem change cannot come soon enough ultimately the dream is of a ship with no need of a final hybrid and reducing consumption is one thing but even more interesting i think is the work that is now going into fully electric. shipping we've seen some initiatives on that as well in norway and that's an area where. the norwegians shipping industry might get an advantage as an early adopter
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electric faeries can already be seen in some of the world's ports while on shore power and others enables vessels to be plugged in so engines can be switched off while docked. and hurtigruten the now planning to convert several ships like the nord cap here drawn on a combination of fuel including bio gas made from organic waste like timber and that fish the day when the mega ships of the world a powered by renewable energy well that is still in the distant future claiming glass soaring steel and concrete columns those are the usual things that come to mind when you think of skyscrapers but and the future the world's great cities may have some skylines built of a different material would john hendren reports. if a new generation of rogue architects has their way the era of the concrete and steel skyscraper might be over the future they say lies in
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a millennia old building material would the challenge is actually in the believe it or not not structural it's more of a psychological barriers of getting over there were working on the new buildings are made with cross laminated timber stronger because the layers of wood are stacked in opposite directions the technology has been used for years in europe wooden buildings like the airy 80 story river beach project in chicago might just be a blueprint for a new era in architecture the reason this is kind of exploding right now is because it's an engineered what technology that uses small diameter trees but are combined to make massive panels. wooden buildings go up faster and cheaper a concrete floor takes at least 2 weeks to dry for each story timber weighs 80 percent less than concrete so it takes fewer trucks to deliver the wood which is cut in the factory in snaps together with not a saw on site but there's another more pressing reason to use wood timber buildings
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are greener both ice caps are melting in the storms are getting worse it we all have to step forward and do what we can and in my profession what i can do is change my material choice for what i'm going to build with and build with something that's more socially and environmentally responsible the manufacture of concrete and steel emits planet warming carbon dioxide would absorbs carbon actually cleaning the air i fell in love with a building i love their windows the view was at 29 meters this is the tallest cross laminated timber building in the united states but the architect who designed it is already designing another one at 137 meters and he says with these materials the sky's the limit the growing industry faces 2 nagging questions is it deforesting the plan and they say by using smaller trees from certified renewable
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forests there would supply is sustainable and what about fire architects a wooden buildings can be as fire safe as any other is treated mass timber char's rather than burns. the biggest open question is whether builders and consumers will buy into the idea of living in a wooden building towering into the sky. and that is our show for this week please do get in touch with us you can tweet me it's after show kerry also use the hash tag a.j. c.t.c. when you do you can also drop us an e-mail counting the cost of al-jazeera dot net or as our address right there there is more for you online as well at al-jazeera dot com slash c.t.c. will take you to our news page there's individual reports links and entire episodes that you can catch up on. that is it for this edition of counting the cost our nischelle carry from the whole ting thanks for joining us the news and al-jazeera is next.
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al jazeera. where ever you. this is al-jazeera. hello malcolm i'm peter dhabi you're watching the news live from our headquarters here in doha coming up in the next 60 minutes donald trump steps up the rhetoric against iran calling it a nation of terror and blames it for the tanker explosions in the gulf of oman.
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to risk to spread to countries outside the region remains to. the world health organization decides against declaring the break in parts of africa as a global emergency. thousands of brazilians are out on the streets to protest against president both sinatras pension reforms. and a victory in the international court of justice for qatar a ruling allows a discrimination case against the u.a.e. to move forward. there we are here we go the u.s. president has stepped in to ramp up the pressure on iran donald trump is calling it a court's nation of tara as he blamed for the tanker explosions in the gulf of amman he's not talked about any response but he is daring tehran against trying to close the straits of hormuz iran's hit back at washington saying its stance is aggressive and intolerable. mohamed vall reports now from musket.
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what or who is to blame for the explosions on board 2 tankers in the gulf of oman the u.s. blames iran and they released this video purporting to show iran a sort of gods removing an unexploded limpet mine from the japanese old kuta courageous the timestamp according to the americans shows it happened after the vessel screw had been askew well ron didn't do it and do you know they did it because you saw that load i guess one of the mines didn't explode and it probably got essentially a run written all over it and you sort of loaded trying to take the mine off and successfully took the mine off the boat and that was exposed was a boat that will damn. near didn't want the evidence left behind i guess they don't know that we have a signature we can detect in the dark it works very well. russia and germany say the video at least inconclusive and the incident requires further investigation
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iranian leaders accuse the us of what they call diplomacy against the country. speaking at a gathering of eurasia leaders in kyrgyzstan iranian president hassan rouhani said the u.s. is pushing and aggressive stance that cannot be tolerated. as the government of the united states over the last 2 years is using economic and military capacity and is creating an aggressive approach the united states has stepped over all the norms and regulations of the international community and has created new threats for the region and the world. and in the war of words the japanese owner of one of the ships has cast doubts on the u.s. claim that mines were used he said the ships a lot of soft flying objects before the explosion this for analysts hard evidence is kept but intentions on the one side or the other are easy to gain iran may well
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one to prove that if squeezed it can hit back by dissipating oil supplies through the strait of hormuz the u.s. leaders on the other hand have long shown their desire to punish iran for its alleged nuclear ambitions one analyst says whoever is behind the attack incident has given the us a perfect opportunity but i think it's pretty clear that the united states administration is really rushing to judgment there is quite a bit of cynicism out there are young people who are trying to read the messages from pompeo a lot of people think this is possibly a little too convenient given that there are some in washington some in certain countries in the region that want to see the tensions between the u.s. and iran remain really high some of those countries are iran a sunni muslim neighbors saudi arabia and the united arab emirates in addition to israel but there is no telling what
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a war on iran could cause to the region gulf nations have much to do is if a major war breaks out if in the north of the country life could find itself in the crossfire because of its location other nations such as the united arab emirates may well really think before encouraging a conflict and the economy prosper. well the u.n. secretary general condemn the incident in the gulf of oman he says the truth as to what happened must be established a matter go to james bays has more now from the u.n. headquarters in new york. addressing reporters alongside the arab league secretary general arma double gate antonio good terrorists said remarkably that he had not seen this video released by the pentagon and broadcast around the world he said he believed there should be an independent investigation into the incident but the
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u.s. is not the rights to launch investigations only the security council can do it. in relation to that obviously not the right person to answer your question he also said that high level mediation was needed but again his hands were tied obviously the the offices of the secretary general always available but the office of the secretary general of the mandates on the bodies of the. u.n. can only be exercised with the full agreement of the parties the secretary general seems to be placing limits on his own possible actions and they are limits that are not laid out in the united nations governing document the un charter so why does mr good terrorists appear to be so reluctant to get involved i asked his official spokes person can you tell me where in the charter of the limits on his good offices where are the limits in the charter to stop him setting up his own
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investigation i can't find any secretary general needs a legislative un legislative body to set up an investigation is it because that has that has been that has been the practice for as long as i've been here what does he need to carve out a more powerful role and is he not in effect shirking his response no i don't think he's sure at a time of global crisis he should be leading that i don't and he's finding excuses not to i don't think he's shirking his responsibilities at all the secretary general is clearly putting the ball in the court of the security council but there are already clear indications on this. issue the council is deeply divided if mr good terrace is waiting for a unified security council to give him permission to get involved he may be waiting a very long time then again he probably already knows that james out jazeera at the united nations. joining us now is mark can see and he's
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a senior advisor at the center for strategic and international studies mark can see and do you believe what's on the video is what donald trump believes is what's on the video well it certainly looks like a naval force taking something off the ship and it might well be a mine but the fact that they're taking a mine off the ship doesn't mean that they put the mine on the ship in the 1st place ok as far as the timeline of this is concerned however why would somebody return to the scene of a crime because that's what we're talking about ok an international maritime crime still a crime to remove an unexploded device before the soon to explode device has exploded well you know it's very hard to explain but this is near iran and they've participated in the rescue operations if there were mines on ships they would be justified in taking those mines off so it's
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possible that there's a benign explanation but as with the entire incident here with these 2 tankers and then the 4 tankers a couple weeks ago there's a lot of forensics that need to be followed up to figure out what what happened and then ultimately who is responsible for it don't from saying it's highly unlikely iran can actually close the straits of hormuz how can a u.s. president possibly know that. well you know i think has studied this for a long time this is not the 1st time that there's been conflict in the gulf region in conflict for many decades so the united states looked into this in some depth and there's a lot of naval capability in the area that would be able to keep the straits open and they were any and frankly do not have a very large naval capability united states is much more powerful and could prevent them from closing the straits now the rain ians that they wanted to make
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a lot of trouble. shoot up a couple of ships plants and mines they could certainly do that but that's a far cry from closing the straits but when you talk about iran's naval capability the sea pestles they have come close to us ships before but proximity is not culpability is no the iranians have been harassing us ships in the gulf for a long time that all of these boats come close and then they veer off but this is the kind of thing that really happens globally the chinese have done the same thing the russians have done the same thing in other circumstances so that in itself just indicates the tensions between the united states and iran. talking about sharing intelligence to build a consensus that sun's a little bit in my memory it sounds a little bit like the run up to the dodgy dossier 20022003 the iraq war ok the provenance of iraq will completely and utterly different but the choreography is
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reminiscent of something else. is no question there there is a need for doing the forensics on this and producing a really strong case about whoever it was that conducted these attacks. in the background as you say there's the memory of the run up to the iraq war where the intelligence was turned out to be wrong in the united states entered into the war on iranian information there's also going back further in history the talk in gulf incidents with vietnam where again you know what happened off the coast of vietnam was not quite with the way the administration. discussed it so for a lot of reasons there is
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a need to see through the forensics and find out exactly what happened particular if united states wants to bring the allies along and there is the great value in having our allies participate in whatever kind of the fence of measures were involved. in washington thank you. iraqi security forces say that rockets have been fired towards the u.s. embassy in baghdad it happened near the i'll just read it district in the capital. loss my ground still to cover for you here on the news including the crisis in darfur takes center stage at the united nations. and a crisis on the u.s. border with detention census overwhelms many latin america migrants and of being forced to live out in the open. and the sports news the host nation take a big step to the semifinal spot at the cricketing world cup.

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