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tv   NEWSHOUR  Al Jazeera  June 22, 2019 9:00pm-10:01pm +03

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that makes sense as that's really cool well also shows me a heated suit that the aviators water keep warm when they flew at high altitude right. commonly known as the blue bunny honestly they can just blow our surprise wide. you can see heating elements run in through it i'm surprised how much it looks like something worn by nasa astronauts this looks just like a cooling suit that you were underneath your your space suit so you say ok how are we going to manage to keep the national cool when they're wearing this massive suit that weighs more than 2 men you just put them in a suit that has watering through it and so again like with the new pick up you can see really clearly that this is something that he would have been it not even inspired by such an obvious against an obvious answer to a problem during the war grandpa was a navigator in a b.
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17 called the cost of it. but i've never been able to picture him in action so this is really interesting because this is actually inside of a b. 17 this picture here and it's really i like it because it's. the 1st chance i've had to understand what it would have looked like inside one so where's that was the pilot on his back yeah ok. this is where their tears we're looking from the back here in the front what kind temperatures would have actually been inside the aircraft to mean that you'd have to weigh what jacket. more this is where they . hung on jackets because the american bombing was done from going to harm's that was the on duty dad asks ralph if there's any recollect of when grandpa was shot down in 19033 and 6 this is going 1st i have a money and your money find your dad in here. and matthew i wrote ski
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page to raise you know like. a member 21st lieutenant goodwin churns out for 3 casa de andreotta were knocked out of formation when 2 rounds of flying get into the nose with it once you fall back on a formation you're an easy target we had a fall back out of formation because they had hit an engine and when they hit an engine it was an inboard engine and it hit me when doing 1st lieutenant matthew arrive radnofsky the navigator and if you are. very are the tail gonna bailed out everybody bailed all enlisted men bailed out. the pilot and the copilot stayed holding the plane plane level. i was hit in the plane. and these same explosions also set the number 2 engine on fire sever the throttle linkage to number one. the a plane lost 2 engines.
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ultimately and the 3rd engine. finally i got a great big. piece of flak that went into my back. right through. the armored suit that i was wearing i had 2 of it suits one that i laid on the floor. and another one that was what i was sitting and wearing but i went right through it didn't make any difference then another verse to the right side of this for 23rd plane and 2nd lieutenant marvin the traveler copilot was badly wounded in his right leg. while they were having a very bad day. and laid me out flat i was laying there and it and it opened my parachute and paris to lay and they are in the inside. so the bomb a dia. gave me his parachute. and tach me to a static line right next to me. and threw me out.
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and other members of the crew who bailed out were 1st lieutenant douglas mcknight who was received a. medal for saving my saving my dad get him out he was the bombardier and sam took me a ball turkoman he came down from a very high altitude because it it deployed very quickly and took a long time to get down its but it was wonderful it was so quiet and then i heard a dog barking and i heard a bell ringing from a church. and then i landed in the trees and it was for wonderful man you could ever get i landed in a parachute kind of landed over the top of the trees and i plunged down and never hit the ground just a couple feet from the ground hanging there at a british parachute on which was. you just turn turn or thing and hit it and you fall out of it and i was pretty much paralyzed. due to my wounds i was good parent
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lee machine gun bullets just well as in the year because i got 3 machine and bullets in addition in me when i when i parachute in my boots fell off my. vest fell off my skate fit kit fell off everything the only they worked was it was the parachute thank god but nothing worked that's how i became interested in working with safety equipment nothing worked. well. you know it's terrific to get this morning. makes me feel humble. when i was when i was 19 years old i wasn't doing anything like this. in the united states the. calling sound ation has offered me the chance to put myself in grandpa's boot and take my own ride in a b. 17 despite my fear of heights it's an unmissable offer to take.
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climbing up into the b. 17 i'm surprised how cramped it is a little cold it's really. made of composing from the outside but it's actually crowded and very functional on the inside. the 1st time i get to see what the painting in the museum is like a real life i can see the bone that is position and the navigators table where my grandfather would have sat and where he was injured. i'm sitting here with a radio operator would have sat. there you go where the pilot was and the current pilots would appear and. make great as you can actually this is open up here and it goes at i think over a 100 miles an hour so here we go there we go there. now
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ok let's. let me hear oh no big deal. it.
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leg. length it's a windy day and off to the flight i'm told this is made our trip i'm usually similar laughter and that would lead. to really. like a lot of. just what it was. grandpa's experience of being shot down in spite of his passion for safety clothing and ultimately led to a career at nasa. well toby the force 957 russia successfully
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launched sputnik one the world's 1st artificial satellite. this act marked the start of the space race a battle for supremacy of space between the u.s. and russia. america responds with the mercury project making alan shepard the 1st american space in 1961 followed by john glenn less than a year later. in 1962 president john f. kennedy declared the country would go one step further by putting them out on the moon not going out and returning him safely and all by the end of the decade we didn't go to the mall and just came and do the other things not because they are easy but because they are god because god. well sheriff joe organize and measure the best of our energies and skills because that jalen just one that we're willing to accept one we are on willing to post bold and one we intend to live the other
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still. kennedy's famous rallying call to beat russia to the moon galvanized thousands of american engineers into bella ping new technologies including the space suit. the smithsonian's national air and space museum in washington d.c. is the perfect place to get the bigger picture of how the space suit was developed these basic space suits the ones they could garra england war basically have the same function they were there to keep erin in case of emergency to keep particles out and to protect against any sort of radiation that those high levels of altitude spacesuits are not very comfortable things to wear their their heavy their all cord their bulky their constraining. getting knows everything right for the
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astronaut is very important so so you've heard of my grandfather yes yes i've seen his signature on. documents and materials yes these things very well that i think for me it's hard sometimes to understand exactly how he fits into everything but the process of designing the suit is enormously iter to me it starts with proposed suit designs and prototype suits that come from private corporations as a bid for a contract with nasa and they work with with nasa and the crew systems division and the astronauts to decide what's good what's bad what has to be fixed and what has to be modified so there is an ongoing discussion they have to have a suit that doesn't cost them an enormous amount of money. that satisfies the astronauts because they're going to be the ones working in it and that also
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meets the requirements to fit in the spacecraft to work on that operationally and fits the requirements of nasa and the crew systems division so it sounds like also grandpa would have been actually known a lot of different people if he was mediating between the astronauts and nasa itself within the contract yes the contractor he's known among the astronauts he's known among contractors and certainly had nasa he's very famous and he has a signature i'm signing off on materials and designed. incredible to hear someone say he was famous. i can't believe that it's just yeah wow so everything your parents told you was true. one story they did tell me you know it's national it's engine is on contract is and i discussed could have ended the entire space program. on january 27th 1967 the crew of apollo one. roger chaffee gus grissom and ed white were carrying out
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a routine test with the plugs out test a kind of dress rehearsal for launch when it went disastrously wrong. her and her. everything was going to. when suddenly the control room had one of the crew shouting over the intercom there was a fire in the capsule. some wire had sparks and in a pure oxygen environment of course the fire. the 3 astronauts were dead within 90 seconds while succumbing how lunar module pilots were close 7 was also a member of the backup crew for apollo one he had been in the same spacecraft just the night before taking past a similar task to the prime crew was a real shock because we had done the test before almost
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same test and we were awaiting the next day for roger to forment with the plugs haskell's. so we were all going to fly back together and by late afternoon they had been so many delays and little problems. in the space craft that we found beside them about 5 o'clock we were going to take off we flew back by ourselves wally donna. the shot we had was when we landed back here in ellington air force base and used to just walk in change or. leave our helmets and drive home but there was the. operations officer was there reading as we know there's something wrong when inside and he told us about fire and the crew had died . so it was a shock to us and so we really started trying to find out what had happened and of
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course. going by seeing the surviving spouses doing what you do after somebody a friend gets killed like. gus grissom and roger chaffee were buried at arlington national cemetery the resting place of the nation's heroes. at white's family buried him at west point military academy in new york. i think it's very moving to come face to face with the real graves because it makes them more real obviously. to see their names and just to see them along all the other graves of military man these men died for that country in a way that i think they never expected to die and i think that's what's also so hard. on the ground on a daily test but no one expected to be fatal and i think that's probably what was
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hard for the families is that they died in the in the development stages they didn't die in space it was just considered to be among. in friday. the space program was suspended for 18 months while a major investigation looked into just what had gone wrong and advised changes to be made among them the hatch of the capsule was redesigned to make emergency escape much easier and the air inside it was changed to a less flammable mix of nitrogen and oxygen the new challenge for grandpa and the crew systems team would be to make the whole command module fireproof and crucially the space suit was specifically redesigned to be made from non flammable material the fire was a timing point in the space program it brought about the realisation that not just the most obviously dangerous scenarios needed caution even a routine test on the launch pad could be fatal after the investigation into the
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fire closed all eyes were on what new fire proof suit the apollo astronauts would wear and who created. more than 10 years after the global financial crisis you've taken home more than $480000000.00 your company is now bankrupt our economy is of the state of crisis but a very basic question is this of the millions who lost their homes in the u.s. alone who's held responsible i will be fabulously wealthy and i will not pay in christ for thank the lord the men who still live on al-jazeera. i mean this is different. whether someone is going for something that's very red but that's about it when i think it's how you approach an individual and that's it is a certain way of doing it you can't just inject
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a story and fly out. the pages of this exercise book unspeakable mannerly compiled testimonies of victims of congolese mercenaries as this intimate evidence finds its way to international courts the central african republic is plunged into further. and intricate tanev of people and a nation crippled by recent history. africa on part one of a 2 part series on al-jazeera. logan adrian from going to here in doha the top stories on al-jazeera the u.k. is sending its middle east minister andrew morrison to iran he'll be there to meet iranian leaders as tension with the united states continues to escalate following
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the downing of a u.s. drone morison plans to call for urgent deescalation in the region meanwhile donald trump has repeated that he doesn't want war with iran the u.s. president confirmed he called off an attack there saying that he wanted to avoid mass casualties. but ready to go i said i want a better line from the air we're playing about ready to go no but they would have been pretty soon and things would have happened to a point where you would turn back you couldn't turn back so they came and they said sure we're ready to go we'd like a decision i said i want to know something before you go how many people will be killed approximately 150 and i thought about it for a 2nd i said you know what they shut down. and. drone plane whatever you want to call it and here we are sitting with $150.00 dead people that would have taken place probably within a half an hour after i said go ahead and i didn't like it the world food program
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has suspended some operations in yemen after failing to reach agreements with hooty rebels on distributing food supplies that decision is expected to affect around 850000 people in the who think controlled capital. at least 3 construction workers have been killed in cambodia when the tower block they were building collapsed rescuers in seattle will found 20 survivors in the rubble of the 7 story building. venezuela's president says that he will take recommendations made by the u.n. human rights chief seriously nicolas maduro made the pledge of the meeting michel bashfully earlier she matter opposition leader one goh i don't know who's been in a long running standoff with the president police in the u.k. say they will take no further action after being called to the home of boris johnson the leading candidate for prime minister and his partner that there had been reports of a domestic incident johnson will become the next british prime minister if he wins a runoff vote against foreign secretary jeremy hunt next month he would replace to
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resume a who resigned after failing to deliver briggs's. a deal acceptable to parliament there's the headlines i'll be back with a new sound a little over 25 minutes for the let's get you back to al-jazeera correspondent. my grandfather matthew radnofsky was well known for working with the contractors who competed for the chance to design and build the new apollo space suit one company. went to great lengths with a publicist a stunt that showed destitute playing american football and winning the nasa contract by a touchdown. show has extensively researched the development of the seats in his spacesuit fashioning apollo he tells me that in the early sixty's i'll see dover was a comparatively small company best known for making women's underwear under the brand
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name playtex even at the time people in nasa called playtex partially as a cult like we call it. by their nickname partly as a kind of like can you believe we're dealing. despite the company's lack of experience making protective clothing the flexible and highly intricate design made to clear winner and incredibly after they won the nasa contract skilled seamstresses who'd previously been sewing bras and girdles were moved to the painstaking job of assembling the apollo space because the suit ended up being put together out of $21.00 layers of fabric and like $21.00 layers of proper just cut out like a like a sandwich and some together but actually 21 different suits put one inside of the other like a russian ball and then. to a 643 inches tolerance without any pins because the pins high puncture the pressure layer this was a kind of. hercules nor olympic feat of sewing and to find people who could do it
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they looked to the so as they were called that they already employed her of course girdle side even though it was like 2 sides of the same warehouse and then these women who are the ones who are. put the seats together and i actually figured it out and there were no drawings all of the scenes and they were just kind of schematic drawing that told you how to put to put it together the knowledge is really only in the fingertips of these women. and they're going to says that during the research for his book my grandfather's name came up. health and is that does that come up is it something that was it was it something that that seemed to be very frustrating because in fact the particular role that mind reading of all these documents is that you know there are 2 people kind of people in any organization they're the people who follow the rules and the people who get things done and allow the rules to be mostly followed and i think that your grandfather seems to me
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to be definitely in the latter camp i mean he was in this conflict and the egos around this were. i mean planetary scale you had the most public geo political event of the late 1960 miles and you had all of national prestige. on the line nobody want to be the person to screw it up very well my impression is that he was an absolute pain in the ass when he needed to be that he was charming when he needed to be in a they say in in these situations you need these ringmaster figures who are able to channel and shepherd the energies of organizations to produce productive results and your grandfather definitely seems like one of the most important ones when it came to all the things which actually kept astronauts alive which in many ways were the most important principle. many of my heroes from the apollo program and no longer with us so finding people who can tell me what it was like to design the
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suit that man wore to walk on the moon isn't easy but former i.o.c. engineer john scheibel still has an extraordinarily bright mind and a passion for engineering he's kept a moon boot that he was liberated from miles see when he retired and it's amazing to come face to face with such an iconic object this is exactly what you guys assignable use by neil armstrong and buzz aldrin yes she was on the this is the. scene this. this and various pictures of the footprint. when it came to the big moment in a polar i'm talking about obviously the main landing when whenever one when i guess that was the real test wasn't it the a v.a. and apollo 11 of the suit that you guys. every one of our employees in the plant. are still landing on the television. every every person every person.
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and we were all in the. past or the landing. is kind of sentimental. but after the landing. there is just. so. and that was like oh so that was an emotion. that. it was that we. literally. john hasn't seen his former boss homer reims since the space today so i've taken the opportunity to get them together when i meet home at. took about his experiences working on the apollo program how did you feel when that moment came when. neil stepped out of the spacecraft we saw what this was i mean
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this is the world looking at all i'll see the suit and the thing that that that was difficult is it the apollo 11 was the systems test the suit had been run to do or build a testing here and in our laboratory as we were called for the door building the systems test was apollo 11 and the only problem was it was real and it was on the moon and i just couldn't wait for it to get over. it all worked up pretty good except they got a hit on the timeline and buzz aldrin bit of daredevil as he is he decides to reinvent some more stuff and he's jumping around out there i think and get the idea back inside of me this is over in a success and get back in let me let me know and he's out there doing some more
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stuff he was just caught up in the moment but it all it all worked out ok. former crew systems engineers joe mcmahon and larry bell vividly remember what it was like to walk alongside ground his body my discovery of an archive trip of him from an old b.b.c. documentary about nasa coupled with joe and laurie stories gives me my 1st insight into what grandpa was like to have around the office matthew radnofsky spacesuit design and the fine how he's going outside in the event that the men were to go outside on a completely self-contained sort of a life support system and some changes would be made to have a plaque on his back would have that back on the back of the pack would have to. contain devices chemicals to tell me what it was like to work with matt right now if my grandpa was here matt yeah tommy i haven't i haven't he was a character and i would start there really interesting we sometimes referred to as
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the mad rush and just because he'd get upset when somebody didn't do what he wanted or do it as well i was telling you earlier he had this piece of 4 by 4 wood laying on his desk and a big survival machete he got upset was i mean start chopping on that block of. people downstairs calling us would you knock it off man i can't hear down. i had an experience in the same gemini program when. the crewman complained that their communications system would slide around and in the helmet they couldn't get to it to justin and i was having a meeting in my office about how we're going to fix that he walks and i said what's in these i don't know what the number was like a p.j. 7 what's that british communications cap he knew about these british flying cabs because he'd been over there in the war and had flown with them and knew what it was we took it apart and uses a pattern to make what was referred to later as the snoopy cap because they had the brown the years white spandex down the middle so can look like a snoopy dog from the cartoon and referred to an apollo program to snoopy cap but
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he was i want to got that and started. tell us what we needed tell me what it was like at the time then to be working chris systems what was grandpa like when matt walked into a room he totally filled it he was single minded he was totally focused and anybody around no matter who you work for by the organization chart if a man had a job or do you work for a man and one thing about him he could break into almost be a to fix smile he had the greatest smile i ever saw it was just it was like the sun coming out from behind a cloud was somebody who had changed from this totally focused driven guy that someone somewhat striken. and his voice would soften and he have a smile so he was city he was a volatile guy he was he was a genius he was a genius and he i don't think his contributions will ever be fully appreciated. the stars of the space race of course will be asking the american public to see
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fully every detail of the armors lifestyle. but the glare of the media spotlight often obscured the dangers of traveling into space the crucial partnership between the men who built the suits and the ones who wore them astronauts jim lovell better than anybody what it was like to trust the crew systems team with his lights while he shows me around next edition of artifacts from his 3 flights into space he tells me how he and his crew put his most famous mission apollo 13 back from the brink of disaster thanks in part to the ingenuity of the nasa engineer is on the ground one of our big crisis was the fact that. there are 3 people had to live in the lunar module as the command module was dead the lunar module of viral mental system had only a couple canisters to remove the carbon dioxide because the lunar module was designed
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only to be powered up once where the lunar orbit and. it was designed to last only 2 days for only 2 people and of course when they split that occurred there was least a 4 day flight. and there were 3 people and consequently the canisters to remove the carbon dioxide were becoming saturated. and therefore we had to go into the dead command module and get the canisters for that environmental system to try to see if we could call the jury rig. those canisters to work in the little logical system. unfortunately the canisters of the command module were square the ones that were usable in a module were round and we did it with duct tape. piece of plastic. cardboard cover from a flame battle. and that's why we got that thing it into the environmental system all the little bottle so that it would remove the top down which is
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a perfect example of the ingenuity of the people of crew systems this is 2 systems that done that people working together to figure out how that had to be done. there are only 8 human beings still in law i have set foot on the moon so it's an incredible privilege to get to meet one of them charlie g. you know much a pilot probably 16. he spent more than 20 hours on the lunar surface with his fellow astronaut john young. in you are in your boots as it were when you're walking on the main can you feel for example the texture of the surface that you walking on can you feel any heat or do you really feel very isolated well once you got out you couldn't feel this texture in fact you. don't even recall my me sinking in but when you turned around you saw your footprints around our landing
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site. probably on each maybe 2 which is depression but with the moon in a suit you could not feel the texture was not like walking on the beach barefoot the worry in the spacesuit on the moon is heat stroke body heat and you have to eliminate that body heat through our liquid cooled garment that we had and that worked really good and so we had minimum cooling intermediate cooling and maximum cooling when you were riding in the rover the intermediate cooling was to calling it looks like freezing in this so you had to turn back to a minimum but when you got out you started working and you had to go back to the. medium standing felt secure and never had a fearful cellar except once when i fell over backwards. towards the end of our
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stay on the moon and we were excited we done a good job and accomplished everything except for one experiment and so john and i were going to do the moon olympics. broad jump in the high. so john said well we're really in a bind houston and we're going to we're going to do the moon olympics so he starts to buy. and so i start to bounce and then i gave a big and when i did unfortunately i straightened my center of gravity went backwards you know and you can see real to be just going over backwards like. spears skeery pitocin if i lay in the backpack brakes. done for i got embarrassed because a t.v. camera was pointed right at me so they'd seen this stupid hide you know they were very upset by the way so that ended the moon olympics they said no more than get
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back in. and so john parked the rover i climbed in and that was the end of our. being one of i think just a dozen people to ever have the chance to stand on there and look at the earth did that change your perspective of life on earth where we stood on the moon. the earth was directly overhead. my 1st thought. when we 1st got here was we're a long way from. the earth you just out there and it's you covered over with your hand. those views of earth hung up in the blackness of space you know borders no countries no continents and then you do have some time to read from. well the engine is designing the spacesuit maybe didn't realize was the also creating a cultural icon today the image of the apollo astronaut has become instantly
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recognizable the wild over like me also nasa consultant and space flight historian amy title wasn't even born yet during the apollo project but she's captured a 21st century audience attention with a popular you tube videos that explore aspects of what she calls been to place so we're looking at today on space. i want to get amy's take a while space is still such a big part of the public imagination and why the space suit is found everywhere from advertising to even out to dry acts can we also take your entrepreneurship in your time in more than a i did manage to get you know we. told you so i'm going to just carry one up into the funding base here. for. the space program has had a massive impact on modern culture and it is exactly that sort of the prevalence of
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the image of the astronaut that you see everywhere affiliated with anything it's sort of become the one thing like everyone recognizes an astronaut in a big bulky space suit usually the apollo era white one and everyone recognizes a rocket but somehow those 2 those 2 things and really mainly the suit because it's that human like we we see we can see ourselves in this right you can put you can put that on and you can see the b.s. here. but what i want to do now is get inside a real spacesuit and feel for myself what it's actually like. there's an independent company in new york called final frontier design it's run by american ted saw than and his russian colleague nick lime we've seen that creating a suit that shows some technology with the current russian suit the circle suit which is use. by astronauts traveling to the international space station. canadian astronaut commander chris hadfield wore the so-called suit during his final shift
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into space when he became famous for his safety on board the international space station to slee. new saying he shows me around a subtle suit like the one he flew in were i'm a bit nervous about being completely enclosed inside a pressure suit so i want to know from his perspective what a space suit is actually like to wear the russians suit is very very elegantly simple very purpose designed the suit that i wore on the shuttle much more robust because you have to actually be able to jump out and come down under a parachute in it so it has to be a little more rugged suit than than the than the russian suit but they both do their job well i wouldn't wear either of them recreationally there they're uncomfortable hot rubber. non compliant garments to wear so it's not too much difference say to putting on a big heavy wet suit and a scuba tank and a snorkel and fins and mask you know that's an ungainly thing to be wearing and you
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wouldn't want to be wearing it walking around right here but once you go into the water it feels different but natural and it allows you to spend an hour underwater that otherwise would be completely denied to you so there's sort of that girding your lawyers feeling of putting all this stuff on so that then you can go do battle with something that otherwise would would defeat you. at last the time has come to try out the final frontier seat. this is the one of the chemo you move in this journey for me into understanding what it feels like to have is here and look at it i don't want it laid out in the table to say see you as it was right then touch immaterial as many times as you like. but when you want to miss it you old. your body is covered one from head to toe. and there's a boys are in front of you i think that is. the space suit experience and the
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moment when you can understand what people like my grandfather were working towards creating. a look at them like that just like chris hadfield's. the team put me through a series of physical challenges some of which i probably struggle with at the best of times i'm beginning to understand the engineering challenge involved in making a suit of fabric that enables a person to walk on the moon especially given the technology of the 1960 s. . looking back at everything that was required to make sense to nicholas to moshe was right when he said that grandpa was
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a ringmaster all the different engineering egos that poured themselves into that effort it takes a big personality to be able to thrive in that environment i think he sounds like a bit of a mentalist sometimes and i like because it makes me feel a bit about you know that makes it a place to him realizing that actually he could be kind of paragraphs and that he was a bit weird sometimes and i had called people man of the night because he was really excited and wants to talk about right now and i love that because that's sort of person i am a bit as well and that's the what makes you feel close to him not realizing that i want someone to tell me that he was actually really irritating sometimes because i'm really irritating sometimes and that makes me feel closer to him. much right nazis daughter barbara still lives in houston texas. as part of the research for this film she's been looking through old paperwork and photographs from the time grandpa died when he was 68 is old just 3 years after i was born in the u.k.
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. here he saw me twice and wanted to visit again but his health finally failed him i wish i could have interviewed him for this film. what you don't know is that. your effort to do this your effort caroline to. find out about your grandfather. is exactly the way matt would act and would hope and dream that you would act because. we spoke a lot in the weeks before he died and he knew that he was not well and he was 68 and he felt his time was coming he really wanted a heart transplant but couldn't qualify and so he was planning. a trip with me to see you. when he died. and your actions
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in learning about him is just what he was that was his. that was his great love and you're the youngest and he really wanted you to know about him he really wanted to visit you. ok so so. as i come close to the end of my journey of discovery about grandpa in the space suit of course a new understanding and respect for the work of nasa and all those who played that part in for to man on the moon. for me and my family we have one enduring personal legacy to remember grandpa by an icon of the 20th century this is the apollo suit this is pretty much the real deal i mean this is the real. dale this is walks my grandfather and his colleagues designed what aisle seat a is a maze and what the crew of apollo water walk on the moon in many
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ways this was grandpa's most famous like to see this was his triumph. the man who wore that it came back to us safely and that was because of nasa crew systems i'll see dover and grandma. on. al-jazeera world to meet some extraordinary women. who are making things happen that way. following their daily struggle to survive. for their families to thrive. egypt's women street silent as on al jazeera.
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the weather sponsored by cateye airways. hello again welcome back to international weather forecast across south america we're looking at mostly dry conditions across the amazon and brazil what we are seeing some clouds down here across parts of one is out is over towards montevideo and some showers in those clouds as well a little chilly at 17 degrees here on saturday and as we go towards sunday really not changing more clouds in the forecast but if you want some nice weather up towards paulo and rio de janeiro we're looking at the mid twenty's and plenty of sun there well also plenty of sun across the eastern in the northern part of the
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caribbean not a lot of clouds here on the satellite image it's been very quiet here in june we are in hurricane season but nothing has showed up yet on our satellite images or on our forecasts but we do have plenty of rain here across much of central america and that extends to mexico as well for mexico city we do expect to see a rainy day here on sunday with the temperature there of 24 degrees and speaking of rain we are looking at some very heavy rain here across parts inside states severe weather is going to be the big problem but i want to show you some video that has come out of georgia with one storm there push through take a look at these lights here at the intersection and what the wind did across that area we are looking at some more storms today across much of the region and heavy rain and for kids a city it is going to be a warm day with a temperature of 32 degrees. the weather sponsored by time and ways. this is a dialogue reading about it for the national soul net on international media and on t.v. flashing stop it comes with skepticism because there's a lot of it on my every line has
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a voice we are being taken advantage of just because you have a small black community without a network just eat healthy join the global conversation announces iraq all they want to do is start the debate the same kind of debate that we have here the street . al-jazeera. and. this is al jazeera. hello i'm adrian figure and this is that these are live from doha coming up in the
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next 60 minutes iran says that it will deal firmly with any more u.s. military threats as a british minister prepares to flights to iran to try to help diffuse the crisis. called in conflict the grim reality for orphans involved in mali's ethnic violence that forced tens of thousands from the homes. under russia to suspend flights to georgia where protesters are demanding that the interior minister step down. and in full will have the. america defending champion continued and their 4th title they beat ecuador $21.00 to ease the quarterfinals. we begin this hour with the latest developments in the escalating tension between iran and the united states iran's government says it will respond firmly to any
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u.s. aggression or threat that warning follows president donald trump confirming that he called off strikes on iran at the last moment saying that he wanted to avoid casualties iran has summons the united arab emirates senior embassy diplomat to face questions about the drone that left a u.s. base in the u.a.e. and was later shot down by iran kariya as he had at the u.a.e. has joined several other ally. it's in deciding not to fly over parts of iranian airspace but terror and insists that it skies are safe for commercial traffic the u.k. is sending its middle east minister to tehran to try to deescalate the situation and germany's chancellor angela merkel is pushing for a diplomatic solution al-jazeera correspondents castro in washington d.c. georgia in iran's capital terror ron aurore chalons in london are all standing by let's speak 1st to rory about those diplomatic efforts from the british governments
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of britain's middle east minister is to visit iran rory for what's being billed as a frank and constructive discussion what more do we know. well according to the foreign office this is a jewel visit not something that has been done spontaneously in the wake of the heightened tensions a recent days this is something that had been in the diary a way for the u.k. to try to use its diplomatic influence to do something to calm tensions down and to keep the j c p a this nuclear deal that was signs 5 countries and russia in 5 countries and iran and in 2015 to try to persuade iran not to develop nuclear weapons and if this deal which is hanging by a thread the united states of course walked away from its last year and in the last
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few days iran has said that it is going to push production of low enriched uranium up to and then beyond the limited threshold set by the j. c.p.o. for permitted stockpiles and what andrew mira's in this british minister is going to be doing is having as you said frank conversations with the iranians to tell them that the united kingdom does not like what it thinks iran has been doing recently the attacks on tankers in the region the shooting down of a u.s. drone but also trying to persuade the iranians not to tear up the j.c. p. o. a to say that the u.k. and other european countries will do what they can to protect iranian financial institutions and iranian energy providers. to
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safeguard them from the damaging effects of u.s. sanctions that's what iran wants iran wants protection from european countries to get them to try and circumvent the sanctions that's something that european countries are trying to do or funny a very difficult at the moment to do so rory many thanks indeed let's go live now to tell. is there and we're hearing that the u.a.e. sharjah fair in iran has been summoned by the government tell us more. yes adrian the foreign ministry said that the meeting took place at the request of them they wanted to launch their complaint because they say that this a u.s. spy drone that was shot down on thursday morning took off from a u.s. air base in. area. air base near abu dhabi in the u.a.e. and they want to make sure that their government is aware that iran will not
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tolerate any kind of aggressive behavior whether that's how they're describing this u.s. drone which they say wandered into their iranian airspace over near the strait of hormuz on thursday morning and did not listen to any of the warnings by the revolutionary guards and that's when it was shot down so the iranian foreign ministries pursuing all of diplomatic venues to make sure that their complaints is being heard as well as the foreign ministry spokesperson earlier today said that this kind of behavior will not be tolerated that the iranians will not. basically their borders are a red line and that they will respond accordingly and the foreign ministry is not the only venue this is been happening we also know that the united nations the iranian delegation there has sent a letter launching similar concerns to that body as well also many thanks indeed want to listen is happening donald trump was nominated a new secretary of defense who'll be the 3rd band to lead the pentagon in 6 months
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if confirmed the u.s. president wants mark esper a formal omes industry lobbyists and current army secretary to replace patrick shanahan he withdrew his nomination after facing questions over his personal life will take over from shanahan on sunday if his nomination is approved by the senate of course live out of washington d.c. how did you cast her as the. how is president trump's decision making over iran being viewed in the capital. well adrian this sort of whiplash that we saw thursday and friday is really causing concern and confusion among lawmakers here in washington as one senior administration official told the washington post the president quote is full of surprises that is not a very appeasing thing to think about when there is national security concerns and
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a possible war at stake here and in fact the president elaborated on twitter yesterday saying we were cocked and loaded to retaliate 10 minutes before the strike i stopped it so certainly glorifying that drama and the power that he felt at the moment which makes for great theater in the realm of reality t.v. where donald trump came from but not so much for the theater of war and so that's led to a lot of concern among lawmakers democrats have been strong in emphasizing that any sort of military strike needs congressional authorization 1st and in fact even some republicans have been critical of this whiplash decision making of the president adrian many thanks how did you castro reporting live from washington this is the news out from al-jazeera still to come on the program demands for justice finally announce it in spain is that a tourist wolfpack is sentenced for rape. i think it's less of
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a question of citizenship and more of a question of humanity how one city in the u.s. is coping with a large influx of refugees from africa. out in school indian fans are hoping the best site can maintain the unbeaten run of the cricket world cup story a little later. in mali if protesters in the thousands of marched in the. obama code to demand improved security and an end to the massacre of villagers hundreds have been killed in a series of into ethnic attacks linked to the fight for land by farmers and rival cattle herders al-jazeera as malcolm webb has been meeting some survivors in the region where thousands of sorts safety. alue ceases to young to understand his parents have been killed his neck was
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cast in the same attack on his village he brought him bars 2 months old his mother was also killed medical workers here say they've never seen anything this bad and then one what else in the world doesn't come to help us we don't know when this will end even here we don't feel safe before and bunk us a patient was killed in this hospital no one's protecting us were afraid will become the target of an attack. in this ward all the children's parents are either missing or dead we've changed their names and hidden their faces for their safety relatives have come here to take care of them their village in central mali was attacked last week. the rest of the survivors now sleeping on the roadside in a nearby town they belong to the full army ethnic group what the village chief told us was tragically familiar. it was about 10 pm and it was raining and we started
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hearing people shooting at the village so we ran the next morning we collected everybody and came here the same people later burned all the houses and took all the animals that militia connected to the lonny and gone groups have been attacking each other's communities every week in a steadily escalating conflict hundreds of being killed in the last 3 months. and nearly 50000 have fled their homes many of them now staying in camps when people run they carry whatever they can. for sleeping on here are some pots cooking utensils whatever's essential for survival containers for water now they're living in tents here little with the village life continues when a grinding millet for their meal this evening but life here having left everything
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else behind is very difficult. 15000 u.n. peacekeepers haven't been able to stop the violence nearly 200 of them have been killed making it the un's most dangerous mission ever. growing protests calling for the u.n. and other foreign forces to leave almost since they arrived 6 years ago this camera phone video shows one in 70 last week the. un peacekeeping chief visited us we know that the situation is not easy in this country we feel terribly sorry specially for the losses of these last. reefs. and we can only support it's the money and responsibility after all. the attacks haven't stopped. mother was killed.

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