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tv   NEWSHOUR  Al Jazeera  August 9, 2019 1:00pm-2:01pm +03

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unable to document cases of disappearances executions. sexual violence. forced recruitment of minors they use land mines i renewal of war that has forced some 40000 people to flee their homes in the region while business women children are forced to work harvesting coca leaves. i'm 14 years old and they scrape coca leaves there are children as young as 8 who scrape coca the government response to the violence has been. increasing the number of troops in the region and local residents say that this has actually worsen the situation accusing part of the armed forces of being complicit with illegal armed groups. farmer says that haiti's has been unable to return to cut that because of the presence of armed groups he's working in a restaurant in what he says the lawlessness means nobody knows how many
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undocumented venezuelans have been killed is he blew it they will get a list often they get killed simply because they don't know who they are they might think they are informers potential spies the groups confronting each other kill who they don't know. the report says most of these crimes go unpunished in accuses the government of not meeting its obligations to protect civilians in the area it's calling for venezuelans to be given legal status to help them move to safer parts of the country alison that m.p.'s. lots more still to come here and al-jazeera including dozens of undocumented workers arrested by u.s. agents are released on humanitarian grounds but many more remain in custody. and in search of greener pastures kenya's herders face a struggle for food and water as drought takes in more in that status.
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hello again welcome back where crossing of on it we are live you have fairly dry conditions across much of the area now we are picking a few clouds out here towards pakistan coming in from india and knows will start to make their way towards the west a crutch you could be seeing some rain showers as well over the next few days but for the rest of the region we are looking dry with $43.00 degrees kuwait city at 45 here on friday by the time we get to saturday really not seen too much of a change but we do expect the winds to really decrease across much of this area now those winds have been a big problem here across the gulf as well and we do expect to see friday another windy day across the region so for doha expect to see about 39 degrees and. windy conditions visibility could be coming down as well over here towards 38 degrees in the forecast as we go towards saturday the winds subside giggle a bit better in terms of visibility as well down towards a lot we do expect to see
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a coastal breeze for you with a temperature of $26.00 degrees and then very quickly across parts of southern africa it is going to be clear across much of the interior where we see some clouds here across johannesburg as well as down here towards durban keeping those temperatures a little bit lower at 18 degrees but as we go towards fatter day we are going to see a little bit more winds come into cape town with a temperature of 15 degrees in johannesburg at 19 degrees for you. the weather sponsored by catherine. i have been looking at your instagram account and reading. this is a dialogue when donald trump announce his candidacy for president after that everyone has a point for best chance the democrats have to beat donald trump is to nominate an exciting inspirational charismatic nominee joining the global conversation in your thoughts get twitter and. on al-jazeera.
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welcome back if you come out of the top stories here on al-jazeera the united nations expressed concern over restrictions on the millions of people in indian administered kashmir that have been clampdowns on communication and free movement since monday's decision to strip the territory but so tom. in yemen at least 9 people have been killed in a 2nd day of fighting between government forces and separatists in the city of aden a separatist supported by the united arab emirates accuse saudi backed forces of conspiring against them. and the un's human rights chief michelle bachelet has warned that new u.s. sanctions on venezuela could make life worse for millions trying to get food and
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health care this week washington banned american some doing business with the government of nicolas maduro and froze its assets in the united states. now eat less meat or lose the land we used to the consequences of climate change that's the warning from a united nations report which says human activity and food habits are destroying the environment and feeling global warming it says eating more plant based foods and reducing waste could help reverse the trend has got to look as reports. in many parts of the world land is being overworked and misused and it's increasingly being swallowed up by the effects of global warming heat waves and droughts are turning once for thailand's entered deserts that's the latest warning from scientists i think the takeaway message is that the way we use land matters because it impacts the climate and that we also should use land as
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a solution the un's intergovernmental panel on climate change says global warming and poor land use practices are having devastating effects entire communities have lost their crops livestock land and livelihood. small scale farmers who depend on rain to grow their crops are left guessing about when the weather the rains are going to come. whether they'll be enough so it's really an urgent message to governments. the report calls on governments to promote small scale farming and to significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions it also urges consumers to do their part by reducing meat consumption the way we produce food and what we eat contributes to the loss of nature ecosystems and declining biodiversity. it's estimated that one 3rd of the food produced for human consumption about $1300000000.00 tons goes to waste every year the u.n.
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panel says limiting the amount of voice would free land for reforestation and crop growth. a warning to stop pushing land to its breaking point and a call for governments to pay attention. to the young al-jazeera. 100 makes you 1000 people have been evacuated from large parts of western and southern india because of flooding more than 30 people have died so far india's national disaster response force has deployed 28 teams to help rescue efforts in maharashtra. states monsoon rains of course over rivers and downs overflow. special forces troops for the rest and kurdistan's former president. after storming his home for the 2nd time in 24 hours a soldier was killed during wednesday's failed raid that his country residence near bishkek protests are continuing in the capital. was.
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they were hoping they could prevent character stands formally from being arrested but after a 2 day standoff security forces didn't want to wait any longer. a police officer was killed and 70 of the former president's supporters injured in the ensuing clashes. this woman says attempts in the van with her and they were both arrested was. it all started on wednesday when a tumble have greeted crowds outside his home near bishkek. shots rang out police attempted to arrest him then put his supporters rushed to his defense after the faired arrest he urged people to protest in the capital. nationally to sort of we will start a demonstration we're going to go to the white house and warhead an indefinite
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demonstration because the authorities need to stop this may have. a 10 day or who is in office from 2011 to 2017 was wanted as a witness in a criminal case he refused questioning 3 times leading to his arrest. but some say the police didn't need to be so heavy handed. the president said that attempt nice to give a witness statement so what is a witness statement it doesn't mean that he needs to take over by storming or using security forces the. but it didn't get support in parliament where the president condemned as he said violence against the police. force president a tumble in a supporters have committed serious crimes against his republic he has violated the law by putting resistance and using arms during the legitimate actions by police it came to rest. since kurdistan's independence 9912 presidents have been deposed by
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uprisings ethnic tensions and high poverty rates continue to challenge the country . there are now fears that the former soviet nation will be thrown into turmoil with protests is now telling their anger on the current president about a manly al-jazeera. the jailed kurdish leader says he is ready to talk with turkish authorities to work on a solution to stop the conflict with kurdish fighters in a statement through his lawyer says the kurds do not need a separate state and found in the kurdistan workers party the p.k. k. which launched a separatist campaign in 1904 has been in jail for 20 years but not a hashimi is from the university of denver he says and could play a leading role in a potential peace process. the kurds particularly those who support kurdish independence kurdish rights view of chillon the same way that many south
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africans viewed nelson mandela and of course the rest of the world and particularly other people in turkey view him quite differently but he does have incredible moral and political authority and i would say that there would be no chance of progress in terms of a resolution of hostilities without. playing a leading role but there is a historical precedent here roughly between 20132015 there was a ceasefire between the p.k. k. and the turkish government there was a peace process in place that there was you know it seemed like the longstanding conflict between the turkish government and the kurds was on its way to a resolution and during that period of below chillon played a lead role in fact it was you know his central. participation in that peace process that led to that moment of diminished hostilities so i think we're seeing
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another opportunity the real question is why now why do we see these things happening at this particular time and i suspect abdullah chillon views. the government of president to want is somewhat weak. now hundreds of undocumented workers have been released in the u.s. a day after they were arrested in a raid by immigration officials 680 immigrants were detained in the operation targeting food processing plants in the state of mississippi in the heart of them have been freed on humanitarian grounds to care for the children kristensen levy has moved. it was the largest workplace raid by u.s. officials in more than a decade immigration and customs enforcement or ice officers swept through a number of food processing plants in mississippi arresting anyone without proper papers leading to scenes like this would lead them to be freed then. some $300.00 of the $680.00 arrested have now been released from custody united states
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of america is the greatest nation in the history of the world and it's no wonder that people from around the world want to come here to our country but while we do welcome folks from other countries they have to follow our laws. federal officials said steps were taken to make sure that children of those arrested were safe but this provoked outrage among some and we are here today to thank you but standing with up in this question with no one who were just there were available but for all you know it children whatever it is the aleutian deal that will be called out start going to continue at the same time the buses of men and women workers were being taken to a military base for processing president trump was traveling to texas to pay his respects to victims of a mass shooter who are believed to be targeted for being hispanic despite his attempts to show sympathy for the victims the president has been accused of
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fostering racism and white supremacy with his words and policies the mayor of jackson mississippi has called on churches to provide safe haven for the immigrants still facing deportation we see these raids not being ordered to protect our back cheap the opposite you know they are targeted you know that they can't access the same institutions the same methods of protection that we all look to protect us in circumstances a move that will put him at odds with the republican party and pit immigrant advocates against federal officials intent on aggressively enforcing the law christine salumi al jazeera. now 3 congolese doctors have been arrested for the matter of another doctor from cameroon that was treating a bone of patients richard was killed during an attack in april in a hospital and the eastern democratic republic of congo markham which has more than iran. militia attacked a hospital in the city of the tempo 4 months ago and killed
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a doctor from cameroon who was working for the world health organization as part of its response to the about outbreak that began in that area a year ago and military prosecutors now said for congolese doctors are behind the killing they paid the militia to attack and to kill the cameroonian doctor 3 of those congolese doctors have now been arrested one is still at large the military prosecutor says this is based on testimony from a doctor and from somebody from the militia now doctors in the tempo said in response to this that they will go on strike from tomorrow if these doctors who have been detained are not released on bail so of course a lot of concern about what that will mean for the ebola response in that area. a lack of rain in kenya has pushed more than a 1000000 people closer to the brink of starvation and some reports now from some blue county that is friction between herders who compete for water and pasture for their livestock. are now listen jerry and her family are heading to an area in
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nothing kenya where they've been told there's enough water and pasture for her live stock it will take them a day to walk there there's a drought in parts of kenya months of rain have just ended but weather experts say it wasn't enough and millions of people are likely to suffer wason in food and water shortages and it did not rain where we were so we had to come to speak to a settlement area where my animals can survive hiders from different parts of this region are bringing their animals to areas such as my weight has rained but frequent droughts is kassidy of resources often causes conflict between hardening communities many of the conflicts begin from watering point cattle markets and grazing areas like this one and it takes so little to start a fight with can spiral out of control and trigger revenge by communities these are old is from neighboring some quarter ethnic groups they started peace meetings
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after 10 years of fighting killed hundreds of people many clueless it's father was killed while trying to break up a gun fight. who was then a teenager was also shot by a stray bullet he says fighting in some areas has wasn't because of the easy access to guns political interference and cattle rustling. went to court is dry they come here because it is green. when they come here they steal our cattle and when we go there we steal their cattle in the cycle keeps repeating itself. it's a job of elders in marlow to ensure peace among neighbors every so often they come together at this highest point of the rift valley. the neutral ground they discussed how to handle the large number of high arriving from other areas. we also started a peace market pockets and some booze who nabi each other live in cohesion but
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those who live far from here are the ones causing problems we are also trying to talk to them those helping to keep the peace including the catholic church say those such meetings are a good start into ethnic fighting is common in some parts of north and kenya people are moving from community owned land to individual ownership so that's going to pose a serious threat because there'd be no more land to move with the lifestyle for now hardass coming to my enjoy relative safety by their elders those from distant areas are warned against starting trouble one mistake may take the communities here back to a conflict that what so hot to avoid catherine saw al-jazeera some kenya. time for a quick check of the headlines here on al-jazeera the united nations expressed concern
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over the restrictions in place on millions of people in indian administered kashmir has been a clamp down on communication and free movement since monday's decision to strip the territory of its autonomy india's prime minister has defended the changes saying the move will free the region from violence separatism. to the millions of the public the stream has now come true in jammu kashmir and la dark a new era has begun now all the citizens of the country have their rights and they will practice their rights i am going to say to the people and my countrymen i congratulate you in yemen at least 9 people have been killed in a 2nd their fighting between government forces and separatists in aden a separatist supported by the us saudi backed government forces conspiring against them. the un's human rights chief michelle bachelet has warned that new u.s. sanctions on venezuela could make life worse for millions of people trying to get food and health care this week the trumpet ministration band the americans i'm doing business with the government of nicolas maduro and froze its assets in the
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united states the united nations is urged ever duction in global meat consumption in order to limit the effects of global warming it's as the planet's resources must be better managed to tackle the growing climate crisis 180000 people have been evacuated from large parts of western and southern india because of flooding more than 30 people have died india's national disaster response force is deployed $28.00 teams to rescue efforts in maharashtra and kind of target states kurdistan's for president at some bio has been arrested after special forces stormed his home for the 2nd time in 24 hours one soldier was killed during an earlier failed raid on a wednesday at his country residence near the capital bishkek. hundreds of undocumented workers have been released in the us the day after they were arrested in a raid by immigration officials 680 immigrants were detained in the operation targeting food processing plants in the state of mississippi only half of them been
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freed on humanitarian grounds to care for their children or those with the headlines the news continues here on al-jazeera after the street station thanks for watching by the. we are going to use what you give to the people who will be attending the workshop listen i'm supposed to explain apologize for someone who is also terrorizing me we meet with global news makers and talk about the stories that matter does their own. welcome to the stream which you decide not to have children to save the planet that is the tough choice many people are considering as the global climate worsens my family ok how are your family planning decisions influenced by the impact of climate change are they tell us through twitter and you tube.
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financial health and religious considerations often lie the heart of one's decision on raising a family but amid increasing severe weather events many people are deciding not to have children may need to climate change supporters of groups such as a birth strike and conceivable future are limiting the number of children they have in the absence of immediate and effective global action to tackle the climate emergency un warns we only have until 2030 to keep global warming below a point where entire ecosystems will be lost but that task is complicated by rising carbon emissions from a global population that will hit nearly 10000000000 by 2050 for a deeper look at this ash saunders joins us from new york she is a writer and activist was chosen not to have children juge the impact of climate change also in new york is amy blackstone she is a sociology professor and author of childfree by choice
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a study of the wider child free movement and completing our line up from new york shall arise of the she is chief of research and data at un women which advocates for. gender equality and women's empowerment and what it's good to have a hey in the stream let us start with our community because of course this is a debate and it's a heated one people have been very staunch ideas about where they fall on it so i want to play a video comment from one such person this is carl la she is a student and an activist a climate activist in texas and here's what she told the story according to the new republic we only have 12 years before we can reverse the effects of climate change before we experience the severity of the damages that it can truly cause on us earth everything. because of this i truly discourage having kids right now because you don't know the outcome our earth is our home and that's all we have
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we have one planet and we are not moving to mars we have to stop procrastinating because seriously this is life or death. life or death is that how you see it you know those those words are really scary but yes that is how i see it you know as you said the u.n. has told us we have 10 years to basically turn our entire economic and political systems around and what's at stake is really human survival we don't right now we are headed towards a $3.00 degree warming world and the consequences about our honestly unimaginable we have to stay under 1.5 degrees to survive and for me that me that means that we all need to take a hard look at all of our choices and all of our ways that we're involved politically economically and socially so that we can actually be part of protecting the planet rather than destroying it when people ask you when you having children
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you don't have much time left what else will they say to you where they inquiring about your whole family and why your family isn't because. well so i was raised very religiously and my whole life i was told that like it was my destiny to have a child that i would absolutely be having children and that was my role to be a mother and so i've gotten that question a lot throughout my life and what i try to tell people is that i think that the best thing that i can do for the planet right now is to not have children to try to not contribute to increasing runaway global carbon emissions and to spend the time that i have here doing activism to try to create the kind of change that we need on a national and global level level to make sure that the humans who do exist right now can lead safe and happy lives and have a little future and you are not alone i want to share this commentary from twitter this is melissa who says when i was 10 in the eighty's i decided it was too risky
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to have children i helped to raise my nieces and nephews but have stood by my decision despite loads of pressure from them and strangers she goes on to say even in the ninety's we knew we were headed for a crisis i didn't see people taking it terribly seriously i couldn't in good conscious commit a human to that future to thousands and beyond i just covered how adding humans in the us really puts environmental pressure on other nations amy what would you say to marissa can you relate. well i can and her comments resemble those of many of the people that i've been interviewed over the course of my 11 years of research on this topic i also think that more and more people are making the choice not to have children for environmental reasons when you look at research from the seventy's and eighty's the environment certainly was an important reason even then but it did it really showed up in the in the top 5 reasons but more and
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more people today are talking about opting out of because of their concerns related to over. it i have to bring in sharra here from the u.n. women shower let me show you a couple of the organizations that we've been researching over the last couple of days and i'm sure you come across them but for our audience as well population matus conceivable future. strike and also so many more organizations out there who are connecting fertility having children with what is happening in our environment what is happening with that climate you study the data you look who wins and family life around the globe what do you make of this connection that he's being made. well i think it was really good to hear the other panelists and i do want to add a kind of global perspective on this i think we have to be quite careful in the way
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in which we're connecting issues and i'm population dynamics choices women's choices reproductive justice reproductive choice and then climate change i want to say a little bit about each of these based on the research on the mark that we have done to you and women in particular in the report that we just launched about a month ago a progress of the wants women and families in a changing world and 1st of all what we do know is that what relation dynamics population growth we are in a different world now than we were 20 years ago took over to the teammate's have almost been cut in half and we have a total global her to write. about $2.00 live births per woman which is nearly half of what it was in the 1970 s. and the population is actually the way which population growth is going we're facing her to teammates that are below replacement rate in many parts of the world
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in western europe north america in many parts of asia in many parts of latin america and the caribbean so that's kind of the picture that we have we have declining for it to be everywhere now i think it's important to look at her to you but also look at reproductive choice and that was really an important moment in women's movements when in cairo in international conference in population development the issue of reproductive rights was put ahead of population dynamics and i think we really have to respect the choices that women make that women and men make and the enabling conditions for those choices now in some parts of the ark where fertility rates are still very high even though they're declining in some parts of africa and particular reproductive choice is not there for all women there's very little access to family planning services and there are constraints. social constraints cultural constraints on women being able to have the number of children that they would like to have but i would also like to point out in many
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parts of the world where we have below replacement for to eat right and i would name some countries in austria germany portugal women are not having the number of children they would like to her they're having fewer children because of the not the direction of gender inequality which is care services are not there and men are not doing their share of carrot or in the home they're not sharing the housework the childcare work so women are also not really able to exercise the kind of choices they would like to have in terms of number of children shower if i might if if i may i can see that amy is listening to you so any you've made a sacrifice you've decided you're not going to have children shara there is telling you that there is there are many places around the well where the fertility rate is very low so is a sacrifice that you'll making is that warranted bearing in mind that fertility rates have gone down. i would say that for myself i don't consider my choice to be
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a sacrifice it is a choice that i made and i'm lucky to live in a time in a place where i was able to make that choice for myself but i also totally agree that there are there is the issue in some nations in the us included where people may be having fewer children than they would choose to because they're not getting the support they need as parents so that is another side of the coin in. all of these. and i want to just another wrench into this because as i mentioned there are kind of fierce opinions on both sides so here is one of those sides a couple of people mentioned this point and i'll share just a few of them as we overproduce by like 60 percent globally saying don't have babies to save the planet is just as silly as getting on a high horse about straws so else rights and we also mostly have more than enough
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resources than we need per person overpopulation is a baloney argument it's about the massive an even distribution waste unsustainable production methinks methods etc etc so several people saying it's not really about overpopulation it's about the resources that are not being shared fairly ash what would you say to people like this. i think it's really important to consider both reproductive justice and also making sure that we use resources available in the world for the world population but the reason that i have decided to not have more kids because of climate change is because we are in a crisis and even if we followed the elements of the paris climate accords twit t. we would still be over $1.00 degrees warming which is what you know the u.n. and other scientific groups has said is the what we have to say under for human survival essentially and so we have to do with a look at every tool in the toolbox and we have to figure other ways that we can cut emissions responsibly and ethically and i think as
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a woman you know an affluent white woman in the united states one of the ways i think i can do that is by having this conversation about how many humans we bring into the world in the amount of amount of resources that people like myself consume but i also think that getting under 1.5 degrees we're not doing it fast enough everything that we can do we could do and that would still not be enough and would rely on technology that we don't have yet and also would rely on world governments agreeing which is not going very well so we need that to happen but we also need to figure out more nimble ways to have change on a cultural and an individual level that we can use to then push for more dramatic structural and political change so i think one thing is that you know i someone like me saying i'm not going to have a baby that starts a conversation about how bad the crisis must be for people to be considering not doing some things that is a pretty much fundamental part of being a wife for a lot of people i so i think what you say i hear you saying any makes an awful lot
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of sense. i feel so many people know which is that i don't want to say anything i just might not know we want to have a family that what you're saying to me sounds like you're standing up and giving a speech but there are so many people who just want to have what have a family don't have kids or what have kids like them how do you have that conversation with them because i feel you up a half and they just want to have kids. right i think that a really important question and i would say the one thing i mean you don't have to have 0 kids that a lot of studies have shown that if people had just point 5 fewer children we would that would take you know 5000000000 tons of carbon out of the honest but actually have actually talked to me like somebody just wants a baby you're talking to me like a politician right. i want to have a couple of kids. i really understand that desire honestly and i think that it a desired a lot of people have i think that you can still choose to have
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a kid i would just say that i just have one now i just have one and yes how do i and i think you know our impact on the planet i think it's easier to make a choice you know how one kid instead of several and making that be your contribution to stopping climate change you know argument to me as they have that have a baby don't have many babies right. char i want to bring in another voice to this conversation this is josephine we got a video comment from her she's an activist with conceivable future and here's her take for anyone considering starting family in the coming decade we do so under the shadow of the fossil fuel industry as carbon emissions riots we've been told to focus on reducing our own individual carbon footprints that includes our reproductive decisions but when we look down at our feet instead of up at the beach or polluters we miss the bigger questions why is it so frightening to plan a family today and why is it so carbon intensive to have an american child in the
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1st place whether or not to have a child is a personal decision with lifelong effects but it's not inherently political political action is demanding our rights to make reproductive decisions free from massive avoidable government support that harm. so sheriff she seems to be saying this onus is being placed on people's individual choices when really it should be placed in corporations but keeping that in mind before you answer i want to share this from allison on twitter who says it is often those from developing nations suffering the most consequences of climate change and those in wealthy nations who contributed the most to it the population argument often leads to those from wealthy nations then pointing fingers at poor nations so just suppose as well with that video comment from josephine who says it is these corporations but as this tweeter mentions it's corporations and wealthy nations do you see this is an unfair debate. no i think i would totally agree with what alison just said
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1st of all are absolutely i mean it's when we link population and climate change and by mental dynamics that blame is always put on the poor countries because they have high rates are high rates of fertility but actually we know that the poor countries have contributed the least to the climate crisis that we currently have and also it's the rich countries and the rich within the rich countries that have contributed most and the corporations and the kind of production and consumption patterns that we have and that's what needs to change and for that to change you know we need to shift from energy systems that are polluting to clean energy systems we need to shift from if it's about individual choice from using cars to use in clean public transport and we need to push our governments to put in place policies and regulations that regulate industries regulate the polluters and that make them pays pay and tax them and change the prices and systems of subsidies that
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we have and i think the population dynamic question and having children when that's brought into the question it can very easily slip in the hands of those who want to blame and shame into becoming a blame game and pointing to oh yes you know it's those people who have too many babies and that really gets the story at the wrong end and really misses the point because those countries are not the ones who are polluting and change that needs to happen needs to happen in the richer countries in the very dynamic economies that are having high rates of g.d.p. at the moment and with respect to the corporations that have had a huge role to play in the crisis that now is on our hands so i would totally agree with the comments that you just cited. i want to share this with you it's a graphic from the guardian and they were talking about being childfree thing having fewer children and maybe what the costs like being terms of c o 2 the cost to the environment say some of the things that you can do that will save it. 2 you
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can leave car free you can avoid one transatlantic flight by green energy these are things that actually save a lot of c o 2 doesn't save so much c o 2 is upgrading your light bulbs recycling handing out your clothes to dry in the natural they smell just when you do that doesn't anymore and then one in the middle what can you do that space of most amount of c o 2 having fewer children ashta you feel vindicated right here and. i think yes having pure children is a critical component. pronged attack on climate change i agree with. the viewer who talked about corporate power i've spent a lot of my life biting against you know people in charge who make this economy and this world run on oil i think that's critical and essential i think that having one fewer child though is like i said a choice you can make one time instead of having a kid and then thinking 24 hours of your day has to be focused on oh should i make
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sure to not use plastic should i make sure to watch your should i make sure to do this and that that can take up all of your time and actually divert from taking meaningful political action so i think it's actually easier to say i'm going to have one fewer kid or maybe just one kid and i'm going to spend that extra time actually fighting for bigger changes that we absolutely need to have so yes i think that graphic is a really important way of showing that you can make one powerful decision that has a huge impact especially if you're a wealthy person living in the global north and that you can do that once and then have a huge impact it with the rest of your life as well so i actually just got a comment from guadalupe on you tube she's watching live and she writes in about the paris climate agreement which of course you mentioned at the very top of the show but she says what is the end goal before your gas feel comfortable having kids how would you answer that. for me i would like to see i would like to live in a world where our global leaders do it things that allow us to survive so i would
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like to live in a world where i thought i would think that i could have a child who could grow happy who could believe in her future and who wouldn't be a thing matter to extinction rates what and and and food crises and air pollution and all of the different things that kids face right now when they're born into that world so when global leaders take accountability and say the survival of our children is worth their time i think that's what i would feel comfortable having children when it is happening from their movements that are saying ok let's look at climate change let's look at our resources that look at where we are and how many people there are in the world with things i doing is raising awareness i have to show you this little clip from population a matter is and this came up where they just asked ordinary people how much do you think you use in terms of resources have a look at the response that's a meeting. with the pope much of the world's resources do you think it needed to keep the human world going right now. never really thought about
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it. 40 percent 60 percent i can give you specifics because i don't have any idea. ready ready just. using. the air so it's crazy ready ready ready. really i think my lifetime. i mean what you think the end goal is of these movements these strains in the global north people are saying i think that i have to eat carrots i might have what i might have known because i'm really worried about the well that i'm sending them out into. well i think the end goal for the movement that i study which is who are making the child free choice is that everybody has the right in the opportunity to
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make that choice for their families that is right for them and in the case of the people that i have studied that is to not become parents so the end goal really would be around every one choice. so what i want to bring in a male voice into this is a bioethicist actually this is jake from washington d.c. and here's what he told us there's a number of things that can be done to encourage people to have fewer children that don't involve coercion states and n.g.o.s can promote women's rights when women have access to high quality health care jobs and education they tend to choose to have fewer children organizations can also fund media that promote small family values emphasizing that having fewer children is more environmentally responsible and has other benefits as well and finally states can change the incentives that they have in place for having more children such as reducing unnecessary tax incentives for people with higher incomes. shara their thoughts. well i think he was right in that in context when you have have women have more choices they can
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have more rights they exercise their rights we have seen lower rights opportunity but as i pointed out there are many countries also where women are having fewer children than they would like to and they need a changing system not only in terms of policies and governments providing better childcare services but also a change in families men doing more of the care or sharing more outside work and that choice is to be realized in our in terms of number of children they would like to have i think that also has to be respected women who are having fewer children that they would like to and who need a different system by way of family systems men's responsibilities and policies in terms of provision of childcare services changed or working hours to enable them to exercise their choice and have a number of children they would like to have and that's a very valid choice which needs to be respected and supported let me just remind you that is the research director the lead research the matter of this from un
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women families in a changing world so when we were asking and thinking about what do you women want sharon brings that voice from the data from around the globe ash. if people watching this and they are not quite convinced yet that having fewer children might really help the environment what's the last full you want to give them leave them with i would say that more people are consuming more equals more emissions and i would say that you know having a child can increase your emissions by 6 times you saw that guardian graph you can make one wines choice that will have a huge impact and start a bigger conversation about the climate crisis and how we can all get involved to make bigger changes that we need to see. i want to end with this because i think it's a really great way to wrap up this conversation from someone on twitter who says i feel that young people need to be educated on the matter and be given the head space to make a decision that they find conclusive ash amy thank you so much from packing this
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topic for us i'm sure there will be much more conversation online but for now i'm going to say thank you so much you're always timely can i at al-jazeera dot com forward slash to strain and at a stream on twitter by i think. it's my privilege to name al-jazeera english the broadcaster of the year the cartels are fighting each other and we've been told that we can still hear this is still the largest demonstration that's been held i will direct you g.'s to over $700.00 but here are some of the emergency rules of the party here for the sake of the crew because they're. very. recipients of the increased cost to. the city. in
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a country with high youth unemployment one of the nice agent helps turn school children into entrepreneurs who can tell us what i mean by their wide fundraising empowering them to reclaim their futures we take them out of very distorted my should realize how to make the best face and build more prosperous communities some of them invest the money into other businesses school for life uganda part of the rebel education series on al-jazeera. with a big breaking news story can be chaotic and trying to behind the scenes. people shouting instructions if you're trying to provide the best most accurate up to date information as quickly as you can. it's when you come off on being seen peer that you realize you witness history in the making.
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in an exclusive series of documentaries i was born into a very ordinary japanese family. shows 5 different stories i am just too excited to focus on anything else right now from 5 different countries it was really. well i was most importantly was with the one journey no one in my family has ever been to mecca this is the joyful location the road to has an al-jazeera. life and a lockdown for many people in india not minister of kashmir as india's prime minister says he's free bit from violent separatist. hello i'm down in jordan this is al jazeera live from doha. fears of
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a new front in yemen's war us forces backed by saudi arabia and the united arab emirates turned their guns on each other. the battle to make an arrest security forces in kurdistan hit strong resistance as they stormed the home of a former president. and eat less meat warning from the u.n. as climate change takes its toll on land around the world. india's prime minister has defended his decision to revoke the autonomy of the disputed kashmir region a lockdown is in place an indian administered kashmir to preempt any violent protests against the move there andhra modi says bringing the area under new delhi is control will bring peace and prosperity got out of their book. to the millions of the public the stream has now come true in jammu kashmir and lead dark a new era has begun now all the citizens of the country have their rights and they
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will practice their rights i'm going to say to the people and my countrymen i congratulate you well across the border there's been an angry response pakistan has downgraded its diplomatic ties and suspended trade with india a train service running between the countries has also been put on hold and the united nations expressing alarm of the clampdown is calling on india and pakistan to refrain from taking any steps that would affect peace the secretary general is also concerned over reports of restrictions on the indian side of kashmir which could exacerbate the human rights situation in the region the secretary general calls on all parties to refrain from taking steps that could affect the status of jumble and kashmir well we have correspondents covering developments from both sides shortly we'll speak to come in pakistan's capital but 1st let's cross to priyanka gupta she's live for us from new delhi so just bring us up to date with what's happening on the ground in kashmir. right
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parts of the indian have misted still under a security lockdown for the 5th day now but we are hearing that some restrictions might be lifted i had a friday a presence going to happen a couple of hours from now there are confirmed reports of sporadic clashes in streets which is the largest city in the region that happened on thursday but there are severe restrictions on filming any of those clashes with journalists about allowed to film those protests we also know that there were protests in the doc region in 3 parts areas in the dock which is dominated which is predominately a book this majority area but there the history small pockets which are the majority pockets a good deal would be do not want to be part of the dock which would be part of a federally administered territory which would not have its own it's there but be directly ruled by the central government the phone lines are still down the markets are still closed probably it's nearing to move the in his speech on the state said
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that these restrictions are only temporary nature to ensure the security and safety of the people of kashmir but for the time being the lockdown continues to print the book to the new delhi priyanka thank you bill. well for those living in indian administered kashmir life remains uncertain thanks to meal reports from john the district in the south of the region. indeed administered kashmir has been cut off from the outside world mobile phones internet and landlines are all down in the kashmir valley where soldiers are enforcing a curfew for people here life suddenly become tougher. as you can see the shops are all shut here and we're having a hard time getting food and there's no transportation we are facing a difficult time here. i had to take a patient to the hospital but they aren't allowing us to travel they've put i have a restriction here created a militarized zone and 1st black long to us the indian government has revoked the
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region's autonomy but the situation is not the same everywhere 5. this is just the hindu majority part of the administered the smear like the demographics the views here are different than the rest of the region life in this part remains fairly normal with the exception here in general public assembly has been restricted and mobile internet has been disabled along with some phone connections all these are not nearly as severe as the total shutdown in the neighboring kashmir valley the difference here is that by and large most people support the government's new measures for indian administered kashmir. hindus used to live in the muslim majority kush near valley but fled religious violence 30 years ago some are living in cramped homes and can only dream of the ones they left behind. the condition of the. head of this now permanent migrant camp still visits family and friends in the kashmir valley he'd also like to go
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back but says that's difficult. we also the government one place for us to settle so from there we'll have self security and check on old properties but if they tell us to just go back to our old place or this won't happen 5 5. tension is high here and many people say they'll wait and see what develops and pray life will get better. district indeed administered kashmir. joins us live now from pakistan's capital islamabad what do you expect to happen in pakistan today. well 1st of all let me tell you that there's going to be big rallies because of friday and most of the religious parties that read the august on terry can solve the ruling party are going to be holding strong rallies around party that lee will be great behind me on. which has
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been the broadest and so on an interesting nor any foreign minister of russia or china last night he already has arrived in beijing. with the chinese counterpart. that pakistan is taking that issue to the united nations security council and what you see now preparatory move by pakistan and that direction but at the same time the prime minister was speaking yesterday with a group of. 3rd generation he said he feared that india was lining up for wal-mart type a great job but this time august on board reforms even more strongly than it did last time when the 2 countries or remorse came to blows. the pakistani military spokesman and been tweeting saying that they have been charged by an india and pakistan has crossed the line of control already that foreign media what the
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pakistani military taking to foreign media day to day old still showed them the cluster munitions that were you and by the indians. that did not know violations from the pakistani side and also saying that the united nations special groups which are monitoring the progress on the side of the don't have a mission on the indian side. and so you start down those reports but also their dividend. they will get an even stronger response than they did on february when pakistan tried down in india and so that situation didn't quite want to try to come out hard today and is not about to come all thank you. fears of a new front in yemen's conflict of growing as fighting intensifies in the south within government forces and separatists backed by the united arab emirates mortars have been fired and tunnels are on the streets of aden as battles but towards the airport 9 people have been killed and at least 9 others injured under schapelle as
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mill. as gunfire is heard in yemen support city of aden for a 2nd straight day a rift continues to grow between the local forces of the saudi u.a.e. coalition after dozens of their soldiers were killed in a who the attack last week southern separatists blamed the internationally recognized government of president hadi of failing to protect them and called for hardee's government to be overthrown with fragile negotiations taking place to bring an end to yemen's war the united nations is calling on the parties to stand down where we're very concerned about the ongoing violence that we're seeing in. this something that the special envoy himself has stated. it is important for everyone to recommit themselves to a political process hardy's government has support from saudi arabia the southern
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secessionist led by a true selves a bady are backed by the united arab emirates while the iraqis announced their withdrawal from yemen last month they've trained and left behind 90000 troops made up of fighters from southern communities and the coastal plains that opens up the prospect of a new front line between a u.a.e. backed force against the saudi backed government. it's going to be very dangerous they are on the same side in terms of fighting the host the or annoying northern opponent out however in reality they have not been getting along for months and the southern separate us forces especially represented in the southern transitional council have called repeatedly to secession and feel like the time is ideal to self-determination and to pursue it now so it seems that although they're fighting against a common enemy the time has come where differences amongst them are more important than just fighting that enemy. the area where the fighting is taking place is the
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highest point in the city and near the presidential palace and even though the building is largely empty it's still considered the seat of government without a resolution to their longstanding demands so there is separatists may decide to try and take their seat at the negotiating table if one isn't given to them in the chapell algis or. eat less meat or lose the land we used to the consequences of climate change that's the warning from the united nations report which says human activity and food habits are destroying the environment and fueling global warming it says eating more plant based foods and reducing waste could help reverse the trend. in many parts of the world land has been overworked and misused and it's increasingly being swallowed up by the effects of global warming heat waves and droughts are turning once for thailand's enter does or that's the latest warning from scientists i think the takeaway message is that the way we use land matters because it impacts the climate and that we also
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should use land as a solution the un's intergovernmental panel on climate change says global warming and poor land use practices are having devastating effects entire communities have lost their crops livestock land and livelihood small scale farmers who depend on grain to grow their crops i left guessing about when the whether the rains are going to come. whether they'll be enough so it's really an urgent message to governments the report calls on governments to promote small scale farming and to significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions it also urges consumers to do their part by reducing meat consumption the way we produce food and what we eat contributes to the loss of nature ecosystems and declining biodiversity. it's estimated that one 3rd of the food production.

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