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tv   NEWSHOUR  Al Jazeera  August 23, 2019 9:00pm-10:02pm +03

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move unimpeded in great numbers into uganda if they wished. but in any event it really didn't happen and it didn't happen because a majority of scientists felt that hurtful was selling them out and that the only place for jews to move back to were at least conscious zionist jews to move back to was palestine in this i think britain began to look at the zionist movement as a possible partner in justifying a read to go she asians are their agreement with the french you see for britain simply to claim territory against what they'd already concluded in the green that with france could create diplomatic problems for the british but if they were to make a claim to palestine not out of self interest but in order to advance a great historic ideal of the restoration of the jewish people to the legal homeland that this could justify an adjustment of the term of the sites because. in
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a way that the french would accept the british wanted somehow and more and more increasingly they felt that the jews held the key to winning the war. and so they had to figure out how to bribe the jews to support them. sir mark sykes had succeeded in drawing the line he wanted from a curry in the west to kirkuk in the east but for some in government this was not enough. the british were using the jewish national movement to secure palestine for themselves is this is what hind bites ben is really going to find to open ears and 10 downing street in the foreign office in the colonial office and it's paving the way towards that critical decision in november of 1917 and so i think you can direct you can draw a direct connection. between britain's sudden ignored of that of zionism
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and the idea at ideal. and what they were dissatisfied with the term the psychs because. i am fights the man was a chemistry lecturer in manchester who had become a prominent member of the british dynasty movement he was politically well connected and rubbed shoulders with senior figures in government so high in vitamin was russian by birth he was a chemist. and then he joined the zionist movement. he climbed in the zionist movement he moved to great britain before the war well before the war maybe 10 years before the war began he was not before the war very well known in the english zionist movement he was pretty well known in the world zionist federation
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but he was by no means the most visible zionist when world war one began in great britain. vitamin lead to roads in his memoirs about having been introduced to a british government minister herbert samuel. samuel was jewish but vitamine was apparently concerned that he might be anti zionist. however herbert samual turned out to be extremely receptive to vitamin and went on to write an official memo in 1950 setting out in a number of different possibilities for palestine and the jewish people. and was. some. health minister. for homework a man i love. to see as it was who were caught up with the car and for us the in.
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the lab come have. who where or when we are who would be. any markers. little bit on the cut up with our kyra. sure but there is still philosophy in badminton tell how to help them a lot them a lot and what fear only a hoodie arrow would see the. britannia philosophy and. plenty for me had the leader who the commonwealth yannick am but he didn't find willing ears in whitehall or the colonial office for schemes that involved the establishment of a jewish state in palestine britain was really concerned with 2 things by the time that the 1st world war had broken out they want to do with the war 1st and foremost this was an imperative for the survival of britain and its empire and secondly they
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wanted to ensure that coming out of the war victorious that their empire would benefit from the victory so at this stage high in vitamin and herbert samuels ideas about the rights of the jews to resettle in palestine did not find much sympathy in the corridors of power in london. i disappointed fights munro to a friend asking whether there wasn't at least a discussion to be had about what he called the chance for the jewish people. i realize of course he went on we cannot claim anything we are much too atomized for it's. what the debate did do however was to throw together fights man the russian jewish immigrants searching for a homeland and refuge from persecution with herbert samuel and lord rothschild for members of the british jewish elite established in society and part of the political and capitalist class. so it isn't for the most part
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of course all of the community was actually in the minority but certainly most of all within the jewish elite because it threatened the notion of them as 100 percent committed members of british society and this was complete and that for somebody like ed we montague could become secretary of state for india for him zionism is his worst nightmare the idea that jews are not satisfied simply with being citizens of britain or other countries around the world they're always longing to go back to the end of his row for him he wanted to demonstrate that the jews of britain were 1st and foremost british it's important to remember that for people like rothschild zionism and actually been a threat you see the elite in british jewellery had fought for generations to gain
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acceptance in british society it was only with the arrival of disraeli and that i can century the jews entered parliament and could rise to become prime minister and for people of. high finance or banking interests the really elite of the jewish community in britain their struggle to demonstrate their place in british society then design is with its claims that jews were a people apart and should be a nationalist movement in their own right or another with barely a amberley army or. any of even a corrupt. how to get. hold. of but i would be when i. meant go through it i would probably be the old the field but i would be everyman german joe all up here and i do have to shear. and must lean a bit of time even for my honey brand of beer and sammy of bosh who will of us out
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the head if mark misses you how to say you you well it's an x. vitamin vien. in much of the love in your mind doesn't need a mental ability. key bill there is a booty call. vitamin. the fim. it's vitamin that makes the difference and i think he was probably unique in his ability to persuade the leading british figures that the jews were in fact a vast sub to raney and influence which they were not. that all jews were zionists which was far from the truth and that therefore the big key to winning jewish support was to offer them palestine vitamine talked up the degree to which the
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jewish community supported zionism in order to get his message across to the government. but for the british it seemed to be about self-interest about winning the war recognizing zionism would be close to lean to gaining global juice the poor it objective and which should start its future resting so the british motives for supporting zionism will be we can boil it down to 2 elements of british self interest at that time not an emotional interest in scientists or a love of jews and the jewish plight and the desire for a return of the jews to the holy land no for very specific self interests matters of policy they were 1st of all all of the british government agreed that they wanted to mobilize behind britain and the allies this idea of jewish power
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in the world. they were like all of the different policy elites in the war believe this in the notion that jews were tremendous influence in the corridors of power around the globe if the british government appeared to support zionism they would win over world jewry to their side and all that entailed the british were convinced that zionism was really at the center of the jewish holocaust. in may 916 sir mark sykes had agreed his tikrit deal with the french psychs picoult would form the basis of the future carve up of the old ottoman empire. so he immediately turned his attention to palestine still part of the ottoman empire and how to use dynasty ambitions to outmaneuver the french. formal contact between the british government and the zionist followed he immediately phoned herbert samuel and
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told him about the plan and herbert samuel then phoned him vitamin and vitamin brought with him in a home sokolow this meeting took place on the 11th of april $916.00 it took place at moses castors house in maida vale. and gaster wrote in his diary afterwards how proud he was that this meeting which he thought was the most important meeting that had ever taken place in the history of zionism had taken place at his house. mark sykes the. head of our once she doesn't know my gust ever know where khalil must stand the jelly hoodie must by then. rise one who only in the north who are in the fight and will do the most discussed it very quickly understands that psychs is
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looking to gain support from suppose it jewish power in the world and guess to works with this idea and manipulates this to consolidate sykes's interest in science and we see actually the british government becomes very close already in nazi 16 of issuing a public declaration of support for zionism there in the end this doesn't happen that year the planned sikes got herbert samuels to pass on to the zionist leaders involved joint british french administration of palestine and a charter guaranteeing british support for sign ism. but his idea was rejected. they didn't want an anglo-french condominium in palestine they wanted the british to protect them not the french and that's because they thought that the french always sort of converted their colonized people into becoming frenchmen and what they wanted
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was to remain as self conscious jews and they thought that the british would leave them alone and let them do that and mushy how to live been begun by big circle of we were hurrying the share a blue team. the world via him wanted the basement not too neat consider where you did the has gotten to it at them it would get them back to hollywood the who you deem know you to name him remember bomber matter. more merit in it then. they go it is. bolstered by their newfound credibility the british zionists thought about making specific demands after the sykes meeting but events soon overtook them. on the 6th of december 1916 british prime minister asquith resigned.
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in the change of government arthur balfour became foreign secretary under prime minister david lloyd george. lloyd george. is. as the half awake i walked away from us back recently was iraq. december. and i'll. be here with that you know and see am protestant the one or obama. side of the future completely. and which will be your own to the people of st. well for all woes busy of rather philosophical bent and i think he wanted to think in theological terms he wanted to think in historical terms.
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and it was with that frame of mind i think that he approached the whole question seriously if i was. sorry. i would have a back and moderate minutes of sex because i received as it was i thought the comic lord george. i mean a commandment kamau but at our. school a while before those of us towards him. you know i mean it was among men and he and i could i mean david lloyd george. balfour and all of those who supported the perfect creation within the british government we can absolutely categorize as being riven with anti semitic thinking and not only that but the thinking behind
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the balfour declaration that drove them to the balfour declaration was from this anti semitic thought the idea of jewish power of jewish that he said this and of a unified jewish attachment to zionism above all else. whatever its basis the relationship between the british dynasty and the government would continue to grow throughout the 1917. leading to the declaration that would change the face of the middle east and ultimately determine the destinies of 2 different peoples. this is a dialogue let you decide not to have children to say that and it's what the stake is really human survive all everyone has a voice but
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a start with our community because of course this is a debate and it's a he did want to this is a little be patient literally be able to do a ph and i fully join the global conversation with people i think if only they knew what is happening to we were muslims they will be with us and they will be outraged on al-jazeera. i remember the 1st time i walked into the news room and it felt like being in the general assembly of the united nations because it was so many nationalities. just that we all come from different places but it's one that gives us bankruptcy us the ability to identify the people who may live the other side of the world but we can understand what it's like to have a different perspective and i think that is a strength for al jazeera. al-jazeera explores prominent figures of the 20th century and how rivalries influenced the course of history
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steve jobs a much better marketeers than bill gates apple is going to reinvent stuff all the old made software what it is to train the world to high tech visionaries whose breakthroughs inspired a digital revolution jobs and gates face to face on al-jazeera. i love them julien macdonald here in doha but the headlines on al-jazeera german chancellor angela merkel has added her voice to calls for the amazon wildfires to be on the agenda for this weekend's g. 7 summit in france she's calling it quote an acute emergency and ireland is threatening to block a trade deal with south america if brazil doesn't take action across the border in bolivia the government has called for cooperation with neighboring countries to
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contain wildfires raging in the east with the 650000 hectares of already been destroyed environmentalist say 500 species of wildlife are at risk iran's foreign minister has met french president manuel mccall in paris for talks aimed at salvaging the 2015 international nuclear deal jabbered serif said on thursday that to iran is willing to work with european partners after the u.s. pool died last year the syrian army's moved into the area around a turkish observation post in more wreck in northern have a province turkey has made it clear they have no intention to leave the post on monday rebels retreated from northern hama and the strategic town of khan shakoor and japanese prime minister shinzo avi says he expects south korea to work to rebuild trust between the 2 nations it's after a soul ended an intelligence sharing agreement amid a dispute over compensation for south koreans forced into wartime labor by the japanese the pact was aimed at sharing information about north korea and its
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missile and nuclear program a hong kong court has extended a ban on any more protests inside the territories airports airport bosses went back to the high court as opposition groups repair for more action this week and last week i was in is packed inside the main terminal forcing the airport to shop done meanwhile hong kong unions say staff at airline cathay pacific are being targeted for supporting the protests. democracy demonstrators in hong kong forming a massive human chain across the temperature the so-called hong kong raise inspired by the same tactic done by bolting states in 1909 calling for independence from the soviet union. russian opposition media alexina valma is predicting protests against president vladimir putin sets a goal of all he's just been released from prison after months behind oz for encouraging demonstrations in moscow those are your current headlines the news
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continues after seeds of discord. the 1st world war pitted britain france and russia against germany austria hungary and the ottoman empire the british in the shape of the diplomats or mark sykes were determined to divide autumn in territory in a way that best suited them once the war was over for their own strategic interests . by 917 the war was shifting in the allies favor and in the middle east the british were moving through sinai towards the borders of historic palestine. further north the russian revolution in february 1917 cast doubt on russia's continued involvement in the war. as britain and france tried to outmaneuver one
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another the british zionist movement took on increasing political importance. sikes wants to get back in touch with saw this and think about how it's incorporates all of this in british planning for palestine. and at this moment we see a hugely important meeting taking place in the home of moses gaston made a vow in february of 9817 and this is the point in which sykes meets for the 1st time haim fight sman in the home circle of. another time in this in which it's discussed what the zionists are looking for and the british interest in zionism so he had to bring the zionists along without divulging what were the secret agreements that britain and france had come to with regard to palestine which was that they would jointly administer parts of palestine at this meeting for
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the british government was sykes and herbert samuel he was there on the other side there were. vitamin and sokolow and there was moses gaster and he brought a couple of his allies because he realised that vitamin was beginning to push him out of the way the other very important figure was james rothschild who attended this meeting. at the meeting it became clear to sykes that vitamin not gaster was the most important zionist. this is also the moment where most guests. sykes's part on the french side pick up haven't like yesterday been insistent there should be a jewish state and nothing less coming into being after the war. clearly wants its
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artists who are much more willing to compromise with the interests of the great powers and the voice was certainly happy to fit that bill. the meetings between the zionists and the government seemed to give momentum to the idea of british support for a jewish homeland in palestine and their potential role in its administration. but the secrets agreements between britain and france which formed the basis of the future division of the ottoman empire planned to put palestine under international administration any change would have to be negotiated with friends. niamh so cannot of emerged as the man to talk to the french and horses where the octo b. thought we are a. bit with ya should he give. tanya
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sokolow became the acknowledged lead diplomat for zionism and all the accounts say that he had an extremely sort of elegant bearing and wore very fine clothing and that his manners were polished and polite and smooth silky smooth so that he could talk. on an equal basis with the representatives of the german kaiser or the british government or whatever so the day after the meeting. between sykes and the zionist leaders sykes brought socolow to meet the french diplomat pekoe what sikes wanted was for sokolow to a persuade pekoe that zionism must be taken seriously that zionism
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really was the key to winning the war. and that the zionists would only help the allies win the war if britain was the main power in palestine not france for to edge off because they didn't protect not q. on may but for each and maul so called off with that false all collage won't watch it they put out for that i think that could be used as showing you don't that you would have thought that. and also mossad male peers. there's not a kid offs a course a record of daddy at home. be the heavier the men sikes nuff saw and the sucker love you know what a brilliant and noble effort or your mother had this year can
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a full see mom and british cabinet or that of the summation of friends so. for. cabinet the link is the and not already different so we can't allow the city it's hard to know how much influence sykes ultimately had over british policy making he was given more prominence in british policy making around the middle east during the war years than he ever deserved he was a relatively ill educated inexperienced man whose only connection to the art of the world had been as a tourist so for this man to be playing such a role in the holes of power over deciding british policy towards the near east seems to us today to be anomalous indeed ridiculous. regardless of psych's role things continue to progress for the zionists and in june 1917 british foreign secretary arthur balfour asked high invites me to present his demands as
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a declaration and promise to try and persuade his government to adopt. the leading scientists on the political committee and drafted their demands and then submitted them to the british government. this original document was one of the 1st drafts written at the imperial hotel in london on the 17th of july 1917. it also introduced a new term and concept the national home of the jewish people. so in the initial saw this drafting of the declaration. there were protests so honestly it has to now from circle of. that there is no mention of the terminology of the jewish state that is said that talking about a national home as it did this is a betrayal of what the sides are trying to achieve and so close response was
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that we mustn't go too far we have to take small steps we have to go with what is acceptable to the british government at this time and then slowly slowly we can advance our cause once we had this in hand. we don't know. what's in common. and if you look at what i mean it don't really know what you have been could be. certain of how can that understand though them suckle of a kind of there with us all what are you know you only one. thing. on the 18th of september 19th 17 there was a meeting of the british war cabinet the foreign secretary arthur balfour was absent. the secretary of state for india edwin montague who was jewish strongly disagreed with the declaration. he was opposed to zionism and said
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i deny that palestine is today associated with the jews or properly be regarded as a fit place for them to live montague thought a french to clear ration for porting zionism in june 1017 was anti semitic and negotiated changes to the british version as it went through several drafts. so you got a battle wired can let them. there are that in the world that. are going to. live here with allison at adam assessment of corker c s c. yes good thing. we. are both there on the whole. she will look forward to. see if your move. but your. people gonna.
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do you. the world. a few days later secretary of state for war vi counts milner and the jewish politician philip magnus sent a modified version to the cabinet it incorporated some of montague's changes. including the caviar that quote nothing shall be done that might prejudice the rights and political status enjoyed by such jews who are fully contented with their existing nationality and citizenship. drafting especially by word milner that appeared by september was closer to the language that would eventually be adopted in november of 1917 namely
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speaking not about power stein as a whole. but. i sort of presence in palestine and we have of the jews which is quite different cannot call can we be wild bill for it how money for. nothing. or is there national . a literary if. there and look at all in national. but not the national home and i would not the national yanni what i'm calling leo would be fearful of the in. the committed zionists wanted to ensure the declaration was clear that the whole of historic palestine would be a national homeland exclusively for the jewish people. the
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latest draft was sent to high invites men who in turn center to the zionist movement in the united states for their feedback. there was some consultation you know during the summer of 1917 with the united states and in the early drafts there. the imprint of the zionist elements in britain would have referred to palestine in its entirety as being for some sort of jewish and b. and those elements eventually were modified before the drafting was finalized another key part of the terminology that emerged out of the drafting was in some british redrafting where sort of for the jewish people it was written the jewish race eventually this was taken out but i think it's very revealing that
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british officials wanted to use this kind of terminology because after all this was how they understood the jews of the world as being a racial group when that world it tremendous power and also could be inspired all together as one unit behind the cause of scientism supported by britain and the allies it's striking that they exist in the arab people in the region were not named at all they're simply called the quote existing non jewish communities in palestine the 3 points but. so you know we're going to do all that but at this point you know ma'am. the. bar owners are. you know good it was. you know. opportunity. by october 19th 17
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the final draft of the balfour declaration was ready and waiting on the british government final approval. there was a rumor that germany was about to issue a similar declaration supporting the rights of the jews in palestine. when belfer he rushed to get his final draft discussed at the cabinet meeting on the 31st of october 1919. so when we think about the centenary of the balfour declaration everyone considers 2nd of november 19th 17 as the moment of the day creation itself but it was actually agreed to by the british cabinet on the 31st of october and this was a hugely significant meeting and in the minutes of that meeting balfour re it's rates the principle reasons for supporting zionism and highlights it's expected
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propaganda effects amongst jews around the world particularly in the united states and in russia the argument was was put forward most wrongly by lord balfour at the meeting of october 31st and what he argued was that issuing this declaration would be extremely helpful for the british in solidifying the support of the united states and also in countering propaganda from germany the critical thing to remember about british diplomatic pronouncements is that what one individual says does not represent the views of the government as a whole and you will find many different points of view among british officials in the years 1701800 and right into the early years of the mandate but the british were very clear that they had not promised statehood to the zionist movement they had no interest in doing so the british did not support jewish nationalism they did not support arab nationalism they supported british imperialism but this is also
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the meeting where lord curzon. there's a member of the walk up and it disquiet about the possible effects of supporting zionism on the palestinian arab population and the palestinian opposition is completely disregarded lord curzon wrote a paper to the cabinet asking what was quote to become of the people of this country. there were over half a 1000000 syrian arabs a mixed community with arab hebrew canaanite greek egypt shouldn't possibly crusaders blood they and their forefathers of occupied the country for the best part of 1500 years they own the soil they profess the mohammedan faith they will not be content either to be exposed prieta for jewish immigrants or to act merely is he was of wood and drawers of water to the latter. but his prescient
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remarks fell on deaf ears it's like who tells highlights when at the end of the war cabinet meeting dr it's a boy as though they witnessed the birth of an agreement to create jewish national home as a baby in the middle east. the final draft of the balfour declaration was 67 words long. his majesty's government view with favor the establishment in palestine of a national home for the jewish people. and will use their best endeavors to facilitate the achievement of this object it being clearly understood nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non jewish communities in palestine all the rights and political status enjoyed by jews in any other country i should be grateful if you would bring this declaration to the
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knowledge of the zionist federation you all sincerely are for james balfour. in terms of international law it really has very little standing in international law you know treaties between nations have significance. but governments often issue policy statements statements of intention about what they plan to do and those really don't have any standing as as a matter of of law for britain this was. i suppose you would say a statement of its intention as to what it would do if it were to take over belostoma which of course it had not yet done as of november of 1917 that's going to go to whether you like that. she.
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should have done you are if. you do so because your mind. show you are fewer only 2 years after the declaration a church leader in jerusalem wrote to british prime minister lloyd george about jews in palestine trying to control holy sites. george's office had said that high invites men didn't want to do anything affecting the rights of arabs it said he. simply wanted to be involved in a council to help provide refuge to jews fleeing russia and eastern europe. this exchange suggested that britain felt it had not promised a jewish state but simply a place for them to live alongside the arabs. when the league of nations set out the british mandate in palestine in 1923 it made britain responsible for
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implementing the balfour declaration. as a result jewish immigration to palestine increased as did arab opposition to it expressed in a series of palestinian protests against britain in the 1920 s. they understood the people of palestine to be muslims and christians but did not and that they would constitute a national community that would seek national independence and after the war very quickly when it becomes clear that palestinian arab nationalists immobilizing against zionism. the british government a quick to see a major problem the balfour declaration had put in train a series of events that began to signal its deep flaws arab descent built to the 3 year evolved between 193619398 was a nationalist uprising against the british administration demanding arab independence and the end of jewish immigration it was in the pill commission of 937
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that the british 1st recognized that instead of balancing communities they had certain motion a rivalry between incompatible national jewish and palestinian arab. and it was at that point that they try to solve the problem by dividing palestine into 2 states arab and jewish through a partition plan and i think there you have the 1st recognition or admission from british officials of the failure of the balfour declaration. in maine 1939 the british government published a policy document on palestine called a white paper it abandoned the partitioning of palestine into 2 states and called instead for an independent palestine in which arabs and jews would share government . it limited jewish immigration to $75000.00 for 5 years and said that the arab majority should determine future immigration levels. it's also said that balfour
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had not meant to create a jewish state at the expense of the arabs any more than the mcmahon his team correspondent 24 years before had promised an arab state to shareef hossain of mecca but the white paper met opposition and was dropped. the british government a quick to see a major problem but there's no way that they can back away from support for zionism because this becomes the basis for their justification for being in the holy land their commitment to supporting the movement in the balfour declaration which becomes in shrines in international law in the terms of the mandate for palestine so the british stuck with zionism they didn't believe that scientists wanted independent jewish state hood and after the war became very clear that actually the vast majority of scientists didn't only want statehood they expected. i think if
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we're trying to assess whether or not britain's policy towards zionism in the 1st world war served british interests or not the 1st thing we have to appreciate is the key reason they supported zionism was based on an incorrect idea they believed that they could mobilize something that they saw as jewish power around the world behind their light course so 1st of all that was entirely wrong and didn't happen because the jewish power is fake its force. in september 1939 german expansionism led to the 2nd world war over 60000000 people died including between 5 and 6000000 jews the majority in nazi concentration camps. the british mandate ended at midnight on the 14th of may 1948 and immediately the formation of the state of israel was announced
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justified by the terms of the balfour declaration issued 31 years before. while israelis celebrated the birth of their nation 700000 palestinians were forced into camps and exile affair with their grammar do not just with your need to overcome when we don't know they're coming. for palestinians the balfour declaration represents the moment an imperial power promised their land the way to another people. this is the. weather out there which was complying. with what they hold bell for responsible for their expulsion displacement and occupation.
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fly cats are airways and experience economy class like never before qatar airways going places together.
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hello again welcome back to your international weather forecast where here across parts of us argentina we're going to see some clouds making their way across the region and into the southern part of brazil over the next few days so for rio expect those clouds come through by the time we get to the afternoon on friday bring your temp just down to about 21 degrees but by the time we get to saturday it is going to be more sun in the forecast and your temperature coming up to about $23.00 degrees there the sense you're on it is going to be a nice sunny day at $29.00 well here across central america we are still going to see some showers but not as heavy as what we saw last week the show is going to continue to make their way towards the west often on showers for panama city as well 33 will be your high on friday dropping down to 29 degrees by the time we get towards saturday and then up here towards the bahamas notice all the rain right there the national hurricane center is watching this area very carefully we do expect to see tropical development over the next 24 to 48 hours but this system is going to bring very heavy rain across the region but is
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a suspected to make its way towards the north probably parallel to the coastline there for washington a rainy day on friday at $25.00 degrees and by the time we get to saturday it is going to be a little bit clearer but the temperature is expected to be about 27 degrees there and a nice sunny day in new york with a temperature of 25 degrees. the weather sponsored by countdown and. this is al-jazeera. alabama chile went on all this is the news hour live from doha coming up in the next 60 minutes a crisis for the whole world record 5 burning through brazil's amazon forest set to force their way on to the g. 7 agenda. iran's foreign minister says he's happy to discussions with the french
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president on the internet. no nuclear deal. the countries were attacks on schools or robbing almost $2000000.00 children of an education class. it's something that grabs your soul and you you want to be a part of it. the story of a stone mason could sing back together what nature has torn up. i'm joining us roscoe with the sports england's cricketers collapse on day 2 of the 3rd ashes test against australia goats justin thomas finds trouble at the $15000000.00 tour championship on how fast and plenty will sports in the next hour. of their warm welcome to the program brazil's president maybe send in the army it's a battle fires burning through the amazon forest but the disaster unfolding there is already being labeled an international crisis that needs global action french
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president a man well met home wants arjun talks at this weekend's g 7 and he's now been joined by germany's angela merkel and the u.k.'s boris johnson in a moment we'll be live to our correspondent daniel swine learn who's in the hardest hit state in the amazon but we begin our coverage with heidi jo castro. dramatic video captures the fury of the flames eating away at the world's largest rain forest this is just one of several 1000 fires currently consuming swaths of the brazilian amazon and the world is watching we're very concerned about these fires both for the immediate damage that they're causing and also because sustained force is crucial in our fight against climate change the amazon produces 20 percent of the world's oxygen that's why it's called the planet's lungs but environmentalist warn if the burning continues at this rate the rain forest will transform to
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a landscape resembling the african savannah and rather than produce oxygen the antidote to global warming the former rain forest will humid carbon instead in brazil sister e. we've seen this you go situations but for the 1st time we have this kind of situation that was created almost with official encouragement from the government environmental groups say ranchers and log or started the fires to clear the land. they were playing brazil's president. as a candidate he promised to give businesses access to natural resources to restore the country's economy as president he's gutted funding for brazil's environmental and forstmann agency and he now says without offering evidence that environmental groups set the fires themselves. or now the amazon is bigger than europe how can you fight criminal fires in such an area it is clearly criminal how
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can you do it you need to catch them in the act otherwise there's nothing you can do now nongovernmental organizations are losing money money that came from germany and norway they are unemployed now so they are trying to overthrow. the hash tag pray for amazonas has been trending on twitter. and other world leaders have reacted as well our house is burning literally tooted french president emanuel it is an international crisis he's called the members of the g. 7 summit to discuss the amazon fire at their upcoming meeting this weekend. castro al-jazeera washington our correspondent daniel swine that has just made it into portal vale it brazil's northwest daniel a lot of the attention has been focused on south paolo where you are obviously much closer in the amazon we just what's the situation.
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well actually it's a very different situation here we've just heard about all this international condemnation of these very graphic pictures demonstrations all over brazil it may well not have touched this area at seoul for now life here in port au goes on as normal these are the people who voted for the job also now to become the next president because he promised them that they would be able to carry on developing this area of the state of wrongdoing which is the capital already 70 percent of the forest of it has been deforested. says it's right for further development so life he goes on we've just seen several trucks go past carrying huge logs to the looking industry is very big cattle rearing is very big so they really won't be listening to that international condemnation yet we're told that just a few kilometers from here the fires are raging will be going out to see those in a little while so the devastation will be hitting this area but this is where people make money this is an area right for development so whether they're
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listening to the messages coming from around the world is really up in the air and also not a role has been responding hasn't he said these calls around the world for him to do something and it's been interesting that on the one hand it's an area that he sees as being way to development but on the other hand he's saying to the international community that they simply don't have the resources to contain what's happening. i mean they don't have the resources to deal with a situation which he's being blamed in large part because there's a certain irony and now it's he's also playing to his voters he won the election. at the end of last year very convincingly and he won it through the kind of people who live in states like around on your who have come here to make a living to develop the rain forest to chop down trees and to recap those are his core supporters those are people that he's playing to but increasingly that
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international condemnation condemnation from within brazil itself is growing he is trying to let that with russia slide off his back. really now remains to see how much that international and national condemnation will grow and when the job also nadal will be forced to take note of it and do something concrete to try to do with this this problem which is threatening to get out of control and daniel in terms of the view inside brazil and you know you mentioned it there that you are in an area frankly dependence on the amazon for its livelihood but from the point of view of environmentalists who are saying this is a crisis are there is that voice also being heard or even being listened to within brazil itself. well those we've already heard. has blamed the ngos the environmental organizations for starting the fires he has no evidence to back that up he said it was just a feeling that he had really as a way of deflecting the blame from his own policies we're also hearing there's
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organizations here in rwanda on your indigenous organizations especially then not getting the protection that they once had they've been told the people who were protecting them have been withdrawn locals are moving into their areas we're hearing within pew acting within pew that see their land is being burned their land is being stolen their voice is waiting to be heard as well so people are trying to get to them to hear what the indigenous groups have to say what the environmentalists up to say so the message is gaining gaining ground and especially as the flames continue to burn and the smoke continues to envelop large parts of brazil i mean don't forget that the on monday thousands of volcano meters away from the fires was developed in the smoky got dark very early smoke it's thought from fire so the raging in the east of bolivia which had travelled several 1000 kilometers so it does affect the whole country and the message is is getting home daniel swine know there joining me live from daniel frank he. will farm in l.
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word is associate professor of conservation science at the university of the west of england in bristol he says the devastation is far reaching. the rain forest provide about 20 percent of the world's oxygen but it's so much more than that that the species that live the connections the networks everything from funky and bacteria to insects and other arthropods like millipedes and centipedes that the little things that run the world have to fit together they're a bit like a symphony orchestra and you can't expect it's like taking away members of a symphony orchestra and expecting it to still be able to play it beethoven's 9th symphony it's just not going to work when we destroy elements of biodiversity we cut the throats that bind this network together and so any time any moment this entire thing could crash and when the nutrients cycling and the things like the busy leaf litter being cycled into nutrients in the soil he's just going to starts
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to start crashing and the ecosystem is so are we going to crash and that's what's really dangerous when you lose biodiversity because by diversity is nature's defense mechanism it's nature's insurance plenty of species means that functions can still continue but if you take those away you destroy the engine you destroy mother nature's insurance mechanism and that's what's happening now the bronze foreign minister has hailed positive talks with french president a man well mcconnell on salvaging the 2015 nuclear deal speaking to reporters after his meeting with mcconnell had said he said both countries have made suggestions on how to move forward after the us pulled out of the deal last year president mccall has previously said he either tried to soften the impact of u.s. sanctions or come up with a way to compensate the rain people well again baba joins us live from paris so no deem what's the upshot how does everybody feel that these talks went.
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well we understand president mccoy's now meeting sorry eve lot of y'all rather the french foreign minister is now meeting the iranian foreign minister zarif after his meeting with president my current. zarif did address a small number of iranian reporters and in a video that's been put out by the iranian embassy he has said firstly that it's not possible to renegotiate that deal the j c p o a that's no great surprise but he's also called the talks with productive he says that the. republic of iran actually went into the creation of that deal several years ago with its eyes open and looked ahead to how it would compensate in his words for illegal acts of the other sides he's talking about the way that the u.s.
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unilaterally quit the deal last year since then we've seen iran breach its set limits on the production of enriched uranium which potentially could be used for a nuclear weapons program of course sorry for in the last couple of hours has said that the measures that iran has been taking a reversible in the sense for example on shipping in the gulf air fully willing to cooperate to ensure the safety of shipping in the gulf if. iran's shipping is also guaranteed safety so it's fairly compromising if you like but at the same time he has been denouncing since he's been in europe over the last week what he calls u.s. unilateral ism no president mark home has floated the idea of some some way of allowing iran to sell limited amounts of oil to certain countries as a sweetener to iran and he was hoping that that would actually come. these talks in
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paris is something he could take forward to the international community we're not hearing any detail and we haven't heard from the french themselves so it's not quite clear how much progress they have made is the main takeaway nadeem with these sorts of talks when we especially when we have not much concrete that simply the lines of communication are still open and i'm imagining that might be important so mccaughan given that the g. 7 is literally around the corner. definitely right i mean it's not just president mccraw who believes that it's essential to preserve the deal it's the other european signatories and china and russia as well who are behind it the question is how do you go about saving it given the tough line being taken in washington now president micro and his foreign ministry have been criticized for dealing directly with.

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