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belong to the ottoman empire and the ottoman empire was not clear that it wanted massive jewish immigration into palestine and the british government offered to let jews move unimpeded in great numbers into uganda if they wished. but in any event it really didn't happen and it didn't happen because a majority of scientists felt that hurtful was selling them out and that the only place for jews to move back to were at least conscious zionist jews to move back to was palestine in this i think britain began to look at the zionist movement as a possible partner in justifying a reed to go she a sions of their agreement with the french you see for britain simply to claim territory against what they'd already concluded in the green that with france could create diplomatic problems for the british but if they were to make a claim to palestine not out of self interest but in order to advance
a great historic ideal of the restoration of the jewish people to the legal homeland that this could justify an adjustment of the terms of the sites because. in a way that the french would accept the british wanted somehow and more and more increasingly they felt that the jews held the key to winning the war. and so they had to figure out how to bribe the jews to support them. mark sykes had succeeded in drawing the line he wanted from a car in the west to kirkuk in the east but 1st time in government this was not enough. the british were using the jewish national movement to secure palestine for themselves is this is what high vitamin is really going to find to open ears and 10 downing street in the foreign office in the colonial office and it's paving
the way towards that critical decision in november of 1917 and so i think you can direct you can draw a direct connection. between britain's sudden ignore all of that of zionism is an idea at ideal. and what they were dissatisfied with the term the psychs because. i am fights man was a chemistry lecturer in manchester who had become a prominent member of the british zionist movement he was politically well connected and rubbed shoulders with senior figures in government so high on vitamin was russian by birth he was a chemist. and then he joined the zionist movement. he climbed in the zionist movement he moved to great britain before the war well before the war maybe 10
years before the war began he was not before the war very well known in the english zionist movement he was pretty well known in the world zionist federation but he was by no means the most visible zionist when world war one began in great britain. vitamin later wrote in his memoirs about having been introduced to a british government minister herbert samuel. samuel was jewish but vitamine was apparently concerned that he might be anti zionist. however herbert samual turned out to be extremely receptive to vitamin and went on to write an official memo in 1950 setting out a number of different possibilities for palestine and the jewish people. and was. some. health minister. who work on
mandela through the number. of us who were caught up with the car and philosophy in . the lab some have been alamy or. who were oh well you know who would be. most. little bit on the cut up with that kyra. sure but there's still a philosophy in badminton tell how to help them a lot them a lot and what's the year. old see the. really funny year for last year. but then he suddenly had the lawyer who the commonwealth yannick am but he didn't find willing ears in whitehall or the colonial office for schemes that involved the establishment of a jewish state in palestine britain was really concerned with 2 things by the time
that the 1st world war had broken out they wanted to with the war 1st and foremost this was an imperative for the survival of britain and its empire and secondly they wanted to ensure that coming out of the war victorious that their empire would benefit from the victory so at this stage high in vitamin and herbert samuels ideas about the rights of the jews to resettle in palestine. did not find much sympathy in the corridors of power in london. and disappointed fights munro to a friend asking whether there wasn't at least a discussion to be had about what he called the chance for the jewish people. i realize of course he went on we cannot claim anything we are much too atomized for it's. what the debate did do however was to throw together fights man the russian jewish immigrants searching for a homeland and refuge from persecution with herbert samuel and lord rothschild for
members of the british jewish elite established in society and part of the political and capitalist class. so it isn't for the most part of course all of the community was actually in the minority but certainly most of all within the jewish elite because it threatened the notion of them as 100 percent committed members of british society and this was complete and that for somebody like edwin montague to become secretary of state for india for him zionism is his worst nightmare the idea that jews are not satisfied simply with being citizens of britain or other countries around the world they're always longing to go back to the land of israel for him he wanted to demonstrate that the jews of britain were 1st and foremost british it's important to remember
that for people like rothschild zionism it actually been a threat you see the elite in british jewelry had fought for generations to gain acceptance in british society it was only with the arrival of disraeli and that i can century that jews entered parliament and could rise to become prime minister and for people of. so high finance or banking interests the really lete of the jewish community in britain their struggle to demonstrate their place in british society that zionism with its claims that jews were a people apart and should be a nationalist movement in their own right were anathema with barely them by the army. and even a corrupt better body or how to get. hold. of but i would be when i.
meant get 50 i would probably be the old the field but i would be everyman german general call up there and due to sheer. being a bit of time even for them i had a band on our bureau and sammy of bosh who will of us out the have if mark mr you how to say you you well a sax vitamin vien. in much of the love in your mind of the need of mental stability. keep building disability you haul. vitamin a small look into the sea the fim. it's vitamin that makes the difference and i think he was probably unique in his ability to persuade the leading british figures. that the jews were in fact a vast submarine ian influence which they were not. that all jews were zionists
which was far from the truth and that therefore the big key to winning jewish support was to offer them palestine vitamine talked up the degree to which the jewish community supported zionism in order to get his message across to the government. but for the british it seemed to be about self interest about winning the war recognizing zionism would be closely linked to gaining global juice the poor it objective and which should start its future arresting so the british motives for supporting zionism will be we can boil it down to 2 elements of british self interest at that time not an emotional interest in silence them or a love of jews and the jewish plight and the desire for a return of the jews to the holy land no for very specific self interests matters
of policy they were 1st of all all of the british government agreed that they wanted to mobilize behind britain and the allies this idea of jewish power in the world they were all of the different policy elites in the war believers in the notion that jews were tremendous influence in the corridors of power around the globe if the british government appeared to support zionism they would win over world jewry to their side in order that entailed the british were convinced that zionism. it was really at the center of the jewish home. in maine 1916 sir mark sykes had agreed his tikrit deal with the french psychs picoult would form the basis of the future carve up of the old ottoman empire. so he immediately turned his attention to palestine still part of the ottoman empire and how to use
dynasty ambitions to outmaneuver the french. formal contact between the british government and the zionists followed he immediately phoned herbert samuel and told him about the plan and herbert samuel then phoned him vitamin and vitamin brought with him in a home sokolow this meeting took place on the 11th of april 1900 scene it took place at moses castors house in maida vale. and gaster wrote in his diary afterwards how proud he was that this meeting which he thought was the most important meeting that had ever taken place in the history of zionism had taken place at his house. mark sykes the any other of. our once she doesn't know my gust of law nowhere can and will not stand the jelly hoodie bust but then. rise one who are in the north who are in
the fight and. the most disgusting very quickly understands that psychs is looking to gain support from suppose it jewish power in the world and guess to works with this idea and manipulates this to consolidate sykes's interest in science and we see actually the british government becomes very close already in 16 of issuing a public declaration of support for zionism there in the end this doesn't happen that year the planned psychs got herbert samual to pass on to the zionist leaders involved joint british french administration of palestine and a charter guaranteeing british support for sign of them. but his idea was rejected. they didn't want an anglo-french condominium in palestine they wanted the british to protect them not
the french and that's because they thought that the french always sort of converted their colonized people into becoming frenchmen and what they wanted was to remain as self conscious jews and they thought that the british would leave them alone and let them do that and mushy how to live been begun by big circle of him or her in the share a blue team. the world vile him one in the basement not too neat can see got down where you did doesn't go to want to eat at them it would get them back to hollywood the who you deem know you to name in. matter. robert. you know them. is. bolstered by their newfound credibility the british the finest part about making
specific demands after the sykes meeting but events soon overtook them. on the 6th of december 1960 british prime minister asquith resigned. in the change of government arthur bound for became foreign secretary under prime minister david lloyd george. lloyd george. as the half awake i walked away from us back recently was iraq. december. and i'll. be here with that you know see a year. to year one or. the. future completely. and we should look on to the people saying oh for all woes busy of rather philosophical bent.
and i think he wanted to think in theological terms he wanted to think in historical terms. and it was with that frame of mind i think that he approached the whole question. of the fall of. saruman. how would it back and moderate. minutes of after sex vehicle i received as it was i thought the comic lloyd george. commandment came out but the attire. scored. well for most of us towards him. was a man and he and i me david lloyd george. balfour and all of those who
supported the battle declaration within the british government we can absolutely categorize as being riven with anti semitic thinking and not only that but the thinking behind the balfour declaration that drove them to the balfour declaration was from this anti semitic thought the idea of jewish power of jewish he said this and of a unified jewish attachment to zionism above all else. whatever its basis the relationship between the british zionists and the government would continue to grow throughout the 1917. leading to the declaration that would change the face of the middle east and ultimately determine the destinies of 2 different peoples.
legally prescribe for the pain relief of the sick but taken in life threatening doses by millions in search of a fix. huge illegal shipments of the opioid tramadol are flawed because that some. people in power goes to nigeria to investigate the devastating addiction epidemic that is even fueling the boko haram insurgency. west africa's opioid crisis on. the latest news as it breaks each week that passes angry creases into the fiber the government grows deeper. with details cover each man i was once known as the cold the 15 venezuela and that's why people are not used to this situation. from around the world. it's been over a decade since nothing you had seen had granddaughter there she that played. the
ultranationalist marks connected with one of the world's worst humanitarian crises we doe as. maigret joining with the military to impose a deadly political agenda we have to protect our nation what has happened to the engine that's one of the biggest stains on the country as a whole. this is not religion this is a politic me and mark an unholy alliance on al-jazeera. i'm sami. with a look at the headlines here now just the other the u.k. prime minister barak's johnson has moved to suspend parliament until the middle of october this leaves his political opponents very little time to block the threat of a no deal brags that. it is a constitution that rage this is an attempt by
a prime minister who was elected by a very small number of people in the country whose party membership to ride roughshod over parliament and prevent any legislation would be bait that would stop this country leaving the e.u. without a deal and all the problems that it would cause he seems to want to run headlong into the arms of donald trump. more determination. this is extra. italian prime minister just made keep his job after a breakthrough in coalition talks the head of the opposition democratic party says he is ready to put rivalries aside and govern with the 5 star movement cantero resigned a week ago. at least 13 people have been killed and 30 others wounded in moderate to normal in the northwestern syria during airstrikes on civilian areas aid agencies say hospitals and clinics have been turned to rubble in yemen and saudi
jets have bombed the residential area in the vicinity of sana'a international airport is followed an attack by who theory rebels on an airport in the saudi city of earlier on wednesday the houthi say they fired a cruise missile at the airports hangars they've launched several drone and missile attacks on saudi arabia straightly is prime minister says he's concerned about the treatment of a citizen arrested in china this my being told by beijing not to interfere writer yang june is a spectator of spying a former chinese diplomat has been detained since january facebook is tightening its rules for political advertisement before next year's u.s. presidential election labels will be placed on ads to verify the organizations behind them. climate activist was greeted by well wishers as she arrived in new
york the 16 year old sailed across the atlantic and emissions from britain and the un climate summit next month. those are your headlines back to balfour. the 1st world war pitted britain france and russia against germany austria hungary and the ottoman empire the british in the shape of the diplomats or mark sykes were determined to divide autumn in territory in a way that best suited them once the war was over for their own strategic interests . by 917 the war was shifting in the allies favor and in the middle east the british were moving through sinai towards the borders of historic palestine.
further north the russian revolution in february 1917 cast doubt on russia's continued involvement in the war. as britain and france tried to outmaneuver one another the british zionist movement took on increasing political importance. sikes wants to get back in touch with scientists and think about how to incorporate some of this of impetus planning for palestine and at this moment we see a hugely important meeting taking place in the home of moses gaston made in february 17th and this is the point in which sykes mates for the 1st time haim fight smith and the home circle of. another time in this in which it's discussed what the zionists are looking for and the british interest in
zionism so he had to bring the zionists along without divulging what were the secret agreements that britain and france had come to with regard to palestine which was that they would jointly administer parts of palestine at this meeting for the british government was sykes and herbert samuel he was there on the other side there were. vitamin and sokolow and there was moses gaster and he brought a couple of his allies because he realised that vitamin was beginning to push him out of the way the other very important figure was james rothschild who attended this meeting. at the meeting it became clear to sykes that vitamin not gaster was the most important zionist. this is also the moment where
most of the cast is dislodged. sykes's part on the french side pico hadn't liked best guessed it been insistent that there should be a jewish state and nothing less coming into being after the war and peace. clearly wanted scientists who were much more willing to compromise with the interests of the great powers and the bison was certainly happy to fit that bill. the meetings between the zionists and the government seemed to give momentum to the idea of british support for a jewish homeland in palestine and their potential role in its administration. but the secret agreements between britain and france which formed the basis of the future division of the ottoman empire planned to put palestine under international administration any change would have to be negotiated with france. niamh
so-called of emerged as the man to talk to the french in horsecollar where the. story are a. she he. became the acknowledged lead diplomat for zionism and all the accounts say that he had an extremely sort of elegant bearing and wore very fine clothing and that his manners were polished and polite and smooth silky smooth so that he could talk. on an equal basis with the representatives of the german kaiser or the british government or whatever so the day after the meeting. between sykes and the zionist leaders sykes brought. but socolow to meet the french diplomat
pico what psychs wanted was for sokolow to a persuade pekoe that zionism must be taken seriously that zionism really was the key to winning the war. and that the zionists would only help the allies win the war if britain was the main power in palestine not france fortress off because they didn't pretty not kill or maim or featured more so called offered up almost all collage walk was. put out for the corps i was. relieved. and also mossad now proved there is not
a good office a course a record of that they are home but not all their degree of me tell you we the 3 of them and psychs nuff saw in a circle of you know what a w and a no our friends are or your mother had this you can associate my more or less and british cabinet or that often or at the station a friend so we were at before i left cabin at the english 0 or low and not already different so into lot of city it's hard to know how much influence sykes ultimately had over british policy making he was given more prominence in british policy making around the middle east during the war years than he ever deserved he was a relatively ill educated inexperienced man whose only connection to the art of the world had been as a tourist. so for this man to be playing such a role of the holes of power over deciding british policy towards the near east seems to us today to be anomalous indeed ridiculous. regardless of psych's
role things continue to progress for the zionists and in june 1917 british foreign secretary arthur balfour asked high in vitamin to present his demands as a declaration and promise to try and persuade his government to adopt its. the leading zionist form the political committee and drafted their demands and then submitted them to the british government. this original document was one of the 1st drafts written at the imperial hotel in london on the 17th of july 1917. it's also introduced a new term and concept the national home of the jewish people. so in the initial thoughts on this drafting of the declaration. there were protests most saw its leaders to knock them so cool off that there's no mention of the terminology of
a jewish state that has said that talking about a national home as this is a trial of what the size trying to achieve and so close response. was that we mustn't go too far we have to take small steps we have to go with what is acceptable to the british government at this time and then slowly slowly we can advance our course once we had this in hand. and if you look at what i mean it don't really know what you have been could be. certain elements how can that be understood them though them suckle have accounted there will be from sucks for what are. your thoughts. on the 18th of september 1917 there was a meeting of the british war cabinet the foreign secretary arthur balfour was
absent. the secretary of state for india edwin montague who was jewish strongly disagreed with the declaration. he was opposed to zionism and said i deny that palestine is today associated with the jews or properly be regarded as a fit place for them to live montague thought a french to clear ration for porting zionism in june 1017 was anti semitic and negotiated changes to the british version as it went through several drafts. so you're not a battle wired kind. clear about that. you are going to. live here with alice charlotte adam assessment of corker c s c. yes good thing. we.
are both there on the whole. she will look forward to. see if your. people gonna. do you. the well. a few days later secretary of state for war vi counts milner and the jewish politician philip magnus sent a modified version to the cabinet it incorporated some of montague's changes. including the caviar quote nothing shall be done that might prejudice the rights and political status enjoyed by such jews who are fully contented with their existing nationality and citizenship.
drafting especially by a board millner that appeared by september was closer to the language that would eventually be adopted in november of 1917 namely speaking not about power stein as a whole. but. some sort of presence in palestine on behalf of the jews which is quite different cannot call can be wired well for it how money for. nothing. only their national. a literary if. their and look at all in national. but no not the national home and i would not the national yanni work on only i
would be fearful of the and. the committed zionists want to ensure the declaration was clear that the whole of historic palestine would be a national homeland exclusively for the jewish people. the latest draft was sent to high invites men who in turn center to the zionist movement in the united states for their feedback. there was some consultation you know during the summer of 1917 with the united states and in the early drafts there. the imprint of the zionist elements in britain would have referred to palestine in its entirety as being for some sort of jewish and b. and those elements were modified before the drafting was
finalized another key part of the terminology that emerged out of the drafting was in some british redrafting where sort of for the jewish people it was written the jewish race eventually this was taken out but i think it's very revealing that british officials wanted to use this kind of terminology because after all this was how they understood the jews of the world as being a racial group when that world it tremendous power and also could be inspired all together as one unit behind the cause of scientism supported by britain and the allies it's striking that they exist in the arab people in the region we're not named at all they're simply called the quote existing non jewish communities in palestine the 3 point but. so yeah we have a little idea but that usually the men tell the secret is a hot sauce for the government ot the community nor free the owners sheepmen but
you know there's obviously the north meets concluded watch t.v. judge if you don't bother the party keek. walkout the opportunity. by october 19th 17 the final draft of the balfour declaration was ready and waiting only british government final approval. there was a rumor that germany was about to issue a similar declaration supporting the rights of the jews in palestine when bell for he rushed to get his final draft discussed at the cabinets meeting on the 31st of october 1919. so when we think about the centenary of the balfour declaration everyone considers 2nd of november 19th 17 as the moment of the day creation itself but it was actually agreed to by the british cabinet on the 31st of october and this was
a hugely significant meeting and in the minutes of that meeting balfour ri it's rates the principle reasons for supporting saw it isn't and highlights it's expected propaganda effects amongst jews around the world particularly in the united states and in russia the argument was was put forward most strongly by lord balfour at the meeting of october 31st and what he argued was that issuing this declaration would be extremely helpful for the british in solidifying the support of the united states and also in countering propaganda from germany the critical thing to remember about british diplomatic pronouncements is that what one individual says does not represent the views of the government as a whole and you will find many different points of view among british officials in the years 1701800 and right into the early years of the mandate but the british
were very clear that they had not promised statehood to the zionist movement they had no interest in doing so the british did not support jewish nationalism they did not support arab nationalism they supported british imperialism but this is also the meeting where lord curzon. there's a member of the walk up in it disquiet about the possible effects of supporting zionism on the palestinian arab population and the palestinian opposition is completely disregarded lord curzon wrote a paper to the cabinet asking what was quote to become of the people of this country. there were over half a 1000000 syrian arabs a mixed community with arab hebrew canaanite greek egypt shouldn't possibly crusaders blood they and their forefathers of occupied the country for the best part of 1500 years they own the soil they profess the mohammedan faith they
will not be content either to be exposed pre-dated for jewish immigrants or to act merely is he was of wood and drawers of water to the latter. but his prescient remarks fell on deaf ears it's like who tells highlights that at the end of the war cabinet meeting dr it's a boy as though they've witnessed the birth of the agreement to create jewish national as a baby in the middle east. the final draft of the balfour declaration was 67 words long. his majesty's government view with favor the establishment in palestine of a national home for the jewish people and will use their best endeavors to facilitate the achievement of this object. it being clearly understood nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non
jewish communities in palestine all the rights and political status enjoyed by jews in any other country i should be grateful if you would bring this declaration to the knowledge of the zionist federation your sincerely for james balfour. in terms of international law it really has very little standing in international law you know treaties between nations have significance. but governments after an issue policy statements statements of intention about what they plan to do and those who really don't have any standing as a matter of of law for britain this was. i suppose you would say a statement of its intention as to what it would do if it were to take over
belostoma which of course it had not yet done as of november of 1917 that's going to go to whether you like that. stuff she. should have done you are if. you do so because your mind. show you are fewer only 2 years after the declaration a church leader in jerusalem wrote to british prime minister lloyd george about jews in palestine trying to control holy sites. lloyd george's office had said that high invites men didn't want to do anything affecting the rights of arabs it said he simply wanted to be involved in a council to help provide refuge to jews. in russia and eastern europe. this exchange suggested that britain felt it had not promised a jewish state but simply
a place for them to live alongside the arabs. when the league of nations set out the british mandate in palestine in 1923 it made britain responsible for implementing the balfour declaration. as a result jewish immigration to palestine increased as did arab opposition to it expressed in a series of palestinian protests against britain in the 1920 s. the understood the people of palestine to be muslims and christians but did not and that they would constitute a national community that would seek national independence. after the war very quickly when it becomes clear that palestinian arab nationalists immobilizing against zionism. the british government a quick to see a major problem the balfour declaration had put in train a series of events that began to signal its deep flaws arab descent built to the 3
year revolts between 193619398 was a nationalist uprising against the british administration demanding arab independence and the end of jewish immigration it was in the peel commission of 1937 that the british 1st recognized that instead of balancing communities they had set motion a rivalry between incompatible national jewish and palestinian arabs. and it was at that point that they tried to solve the problem by dividing palestine into 2 states arab and jewish through a partition plan and i think there you have the 1st recognition or admission from british officials of the failure of the balfour declaration. in may $939.00 the british government published a policy document on palestine called a white paper it abandoned the partitioning of palestine into 2 states and called instead for an independent palestine in which arabs and jews would share government
it limited jewish immigration to $75000.00 for 5 years and said that the arab majority should determine future immigration levels. it's also said that balfour had not meant to create a jewish state at the expense of the arabs any more than the mcmahon who stay in correspondence 24 years before had promised an arab state to shareef hossain of mecca. but the white paper met opposition and was dropped. the british government a quick to see a major problem but there's no way that they can back away from support for zionism because this becomes the basis for their justification for being in the holy land their commitment to supporting the movement in the balfour declaration which becomes in trying to the international law in the terms of the mandate for palestine so the british stuck with zionism they didn't believe the zionist wanted
independent jewish state hood and after the war became very clear that actually the vast majority of scientists didn't only want statehood they expected it. i think if we're trying to assess whether or not britain's policy towards zionism in the 1st world war served british interests or not the 1st thing we have to appreciate is the key reason they supported saddam was based on an incorrect idea they believed that they could mobilize something that they saw as jewish power around the world behind their light course so 1st of all that was entirely wrong and didn't happen because the. power is fake is false. in september 1939 german expansionism led to the 2nd world war over 60000000 people died including between 5 and 6000000 jews the majority in nazi
concentration camps. the british mandate ended at midnight on the 14th of may 1948 and immediately the formation of the state of israel was announced justified by the terms of the balfour declaration issued 31 years before. while israelis celebrated the birth of their nation 700000 palestinians were forced into camps and exile a family done a lot of ground when you're not afraid and because you wanted to go and were going to be done you know you know they're coming. for palestinians the balfour declaration represents the moment an imperial power promised their land the way to another people. this is the this whether the regime was complete. that's why they hold balfour responsible for their expulsion displacement and occupation.
i know that most of care across much of the middle east however there has been some cloud showing up there into more southern sections of pakistan these those monsoon rains we could see some a shop thunderstorms as we go through thursday it could have some localized flooding elsewhere it's fairly dry and still very hot in baghdad again for the next couple of days and by friday we could also see some working their way across areas of georgia media and eventually pushing on into. pretty nice and back with a high of 24 degrees celsius further to the south the temperatures are high but also we've got a fairly high level of humidity through much of the city so doha. in the 40 celsius
shown here and then as we head off into friday time to really staying about the same because a bit of cloud into the southern sections of the saudi arabia pushing up into the northeast of oman said maybe a mix of cloud into moscow but even so feeling pretty good with a high of 32 degrees celsius southern africa it is mostly clear that we've got place guys through much of madagascar across into mozambique where we have got the cloud is around the cape 15 degrees in cape town thursday and you'll see it sliding up the eastern side so. maybe with that cloud certainly by friday meanwhile in johannesburg temperatures well above the average 28 which is 8 degrees above. the latest news as it breaks the need to beat that angry greece's ended a vibrant government borrows deeper. with detailed cover each month i was once known as the coldest city in venezuela and that's why people are not used to the
situation. from around the world. it's been over a decade since i had seen her granddaughter to see that leap. after 25 years of importing the world's waste. into chaos. the growing pressure of agreement results and. we bring you the stories the. world we live in. 0. outrage in the u.k. prime minister bars johnson forces the suspension of parliament weeks before the brakes a deadline. and
i welcome to live from my headquarters in doha with me it is a problem also ahead yemen's government says it's recaptured parts of aden and deepened a rift between allies. a south korean court is a very trodden a corruption case involving former president popcorn hay and samsung chief jay why the and why paul access to clean water could lead to the spread of a ball and democratic republic of congo. bars johnson's move to suspend britain's parliament onto a medic toba is being described as a constitutional outrage and a political coup it leaves the prime minister's support in some little time to prevent the possibility of a no day breaks it but johnson supporters say it is a decisive step that respects the referendum resolve 3 years ago reports from
london. it was is and remains an idea about the british parliament taking back control of the agenda setting its own laws and making its own rules so what to make of the decision by the new prime minister to block it from sitting at all for a 5 week period at the most crucial moments in the entire process. with one eye on a very possible national election johnson insists it's about setting out his new government's plans and that m.p.'s are not being frozen out of having their say over bricks it will be time on both sides of that crucial october 17th summit ample time in parliament for m.p.'s to debate the e.u. debate breaks it and all the other issues ample time but those m.p.'s who have vowed to do anything in their power to block a no deal bricks it's even threaten to set up an alternative parliaments if their
views are ignored describe the johnson move as nothing short of a constitutional outrage a step on the road to dictatorship it is a constitution that rage this is an attempt by a prime minister who was elected by a very small number of people in the country is served to party membership to ride roughshod over parliament and prevent any legislation or debate that would stop this country leaving me you without a deal and all the problems that it will cause he seems to want to run headlong into the arms of donald trump. more determination to see before this is extraordinary johnson had been thought to have been getting on better with european leaders of late and hope had not been lost among them that some new deal could be found but time is now extremely short and there's a genuine sense of crisis among those who fear the hardest of brics it's the great conundrum of a brecht it has always been whether it should simply fall to government through
execute the will of the people or whether parliamentarian should have some kind of final say to determine what thought of brecht's it they think people actually voted for by taking m.p.'s out of play at such a crucial time johnson is effectively testing whether they have the will the resolve to try to overthrow him his government and potentially the referendum result as well that. attempts will now probably come sooner rather than later national elections will almost certainly follow something surely must happen now to resolve this sense of democratic crisis in the u.k. lawrence lee al jazeera london. has more on the protests that followed johnson's announcement. in the past 2 years since the brakes a referendum the conversation the public discourse surrounding leaving the e.u. has grown uglier and uglier who would have thought only a few years ago that the word coup would be used in relation to britain's democracy but that's exactly what these demonstrates the calling the decision by boris
johnson to suspend or paroch parliament next week the whole boris johnson of course sees it he sees it very much in somewhat procedural terms as a way of making sure that m.p.'s are out of the way not in the equation anymore to make sure that the british government can pass much needed legislation when it comes to the humdrum day to day stuff of running the country things like roads education health care and so on and so forth but these people and those opposed to leaving the e.u. without a deal strongly disagree with that standpoint point believing very much that boris johnson wants to keep leaving the e.u. without a deal on the table until the dying moments just before the 31st which remains of course in legislation when the u.k. still will leave the european union according to m.p.'s the knives broken to including hillary ban the prominent opposition labor m.p.
who is the chair of the cross party committee on leave in the european union they intend when m.p.'s return to palma next week to challenge the position for a much in the same way that they challenge to reason may and her vision of bricks it is what every band had to say a little earlier i think the priority is to prevent or no deal breaks it because that's the reason that he is doing this he knows that isn't probably a majority in the house of commons to support him for a no deal breaks it and he's trying to make it very difficult for m.p.'s to stop him from achieving that the only problem is that time is running out m.p.'s only have a matter of days next week to coalesce around a single idea boris johnson believes that he's delivering the will of the people onery the results of the referendum but parliamentarian say that they represent the real will of the people they will fight this to the end. that's why i want to all
the news now to yemen where salvi jets have bombed a residential area near international airport and followed an attack by healthy rebels on an airport in the south they said. early on wednesday the what they say they fired a cruise missile out of the airport's hanging as they have launched several drawn in the solid taxol and solve the arabiya meanwhile in the south of gammon the u.n. recognize government says it's back in charge of parts of aden after a brief offensive against u.s. backed separatists but toyah going to be reports the 2. 2 yemeni forces loyal to the internationally recognized government of president abu driving mansel heidi celebrate victory natans presidential palace. in a sudden offensive lasting just a few hours the saudi backed government forces recaptured control of the city from the u.a.e. backed separatist fight is the government's offensive started on cheese day in yemen's east in abyan province by wednesday mooning its forces were on the
outskirts of aden. as they retook the push towards the center of the city it's reported they faced little resistance from the separatist fighters that's led some to conclude a deal was dumb between saudi arabia and the u.a.e. ahead of a possible negotiation to end the war it's a. cheap tactic immoral cheap tactic by the legitimate government who is. using sleeper cells to activate them and to to cause chaos in the city all in. 4 or negotiations. separatists from the southern transitional council are part of the saudi u.a.e. coalition that's fighting against these bought in a dramatic twist 2 weeks ago they took over the city of aden the seat of the saudi backed yet. many government some of the separatist fighters are refusing to
surrender the government's own civilians to avoid military camps and areas where this fighting. this morning at least if you were evacuated areas of the. 1000000000 area we do expect the most of the crowd to be severely random shooting and rather barking that. yemen has not always been one country north and south yemen came together in 1990 after years of conflict but it's not been an easy union and the war is deepening the divide gayton be out there. and strikes by syrian forces along civilian areas and modifying alon have killed at least 13 people and 30 others have been injured aid agencies have been unable to access the northwestern area and say hospitals and clinics have been turned to rubble. to south korea now with the supreme court has ordered
a retrial in the bribery case against samsung groups de facto chief jay wiley the corruption scandals of former president going hey impeached and removed from office and 2017 the case centered on millions of dollars worth of bribes by samsung to parks confidant allegedly for government favors but let's get more on this our correspondent drop mcbride is joining us live from the south korean capital there are many interesting strands to this story rob the most significant of which today is what will happen to the samsung ajay why me. absolutely this is been eagerly anticipated big precisely because it what he will mean for the immediate fate of jay wiley who is as you mentioned there probably one of the most important business figures in south korea the acting head of samsung which is in turn of course south korea's most important biggest conglomerate now just to give you the background to this league got caught up in this whole
corruption scandal involving the former president park geun haye and her long time confident and associate choice on sale was this multi-billion dollar corruption scandal they are both now serving long prison terms for these part in this he was given a 5 year prison sentence on embezzlement and bribery charges was carted off to prison which caused huge ructions here in south korea but all appealed last year his conviction was reduced in severity which meant that he was given a suspended prison sentence which means diddly he was able to walk free from cotton returned to the very important job of running samsung what this decision now means elizabeth is that this the ruling by this lower court has been sent back for review it is basically unsound which could mean that this lower court could reimpose once more a custodial sentence and lead could return to a prison cell. and a coming at
a very bad time for samsung given i mean how much trouble the companies are already looking at the trade trial went to japan. absolutely mean that the timing of this could not to be worse as we know south korea is embroiled in this deepening trade dispute with japan as part of that trade dispute japan is putting restrictions on the export of high tech components of some of the raw materials that companies like samsung need for their high tech manufacturing and this also is likely to have an impact on the wider economy given the sheer size of this but hemet of samsung we have seen here in korea the export figures have been falling for the last 8 or 9 months this will further impact samsung and of course there is now the prospect that they will not have their.