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tv   NEWSHOUR  Al Jazeera  September 18, 2019 1:00pm-2:01pm +03

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we just bring in with some of the into this conversation but i'm wondering about everything asking if beyond that area what i know about this this day shift project . they do i mean to be honest with you now what we have so should be the. people are beginning to live really in a global village they are aware of this initiative and it's been incredible i mean i was very fortunate the 1st time i went to the sahara and region was over 10 years ago and coming from sound in africa and see our ease. and also looking at the jarrah river smack in the middle of this a hell was quite amazing because it's the lifeline to you know difference between the rich and water and also you wonder how do people really live in this landscape that is so arid so it's a really fascinating region and people do know about it now more than before and i want to show a little clip from the documentary that you know right and you're really the
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correspondent as you go around this great green war territory the region where either the teams are already planted and they will be planted and as a little point here where you meet one of the technical directors and you start planting trees. so let's i mean you see if you put up so i was a sample. on the for the guy so i'm thinking mark you're going to step down let's. put up let's get up about. super let's. see that is it. that this is so simple that. some don't take it up let's do a lot of. this and i'm going to but i'm not. going to put political meaning. in
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a gentle. caressing a little baby and put them into the us but how vulnerable all of a in terms of your planting in the end and the area that is extremely high it. well you know if they are like babies they are really precious because they can change the lives of millions of people and for me being there and witnessing the communities coming together every day and planting and knowing that in 10 years this will become trees you know it was amazing it was not just the symbol of how it was like doing something i think it's we need to tell the stories storytelling is really important but story doing is even better and i felt in this moment that that was what i was going to rethink. something or not and i had. i totally agree i mean i think in i absolutely love the fact that you are your sister and musician
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you're an activist and you're a woman and the women all the african continent have really been so there's all of these landscapes the power is so. great for it it's really women across africa just looking at. the activities that you are undertaking and also seeing what is being done within the health of the great reason why i think that the change that's going to happen and also the some viable of the trees also remains really in the hands of the communities it's not by anybody from the outside and also what we're beginning to see those of these changes in climate that really manifest 'd very extreme events you know sometimes when rain isn't dissipated it doesn't come so how do we make sure that these trees actually do survive so that's quite a really important element of all of this work for how do you make sure the truth of i've. ever talked through the tree is just the
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beginning of. you see one that's a very good good one it's a lot of truth. i'm going to form a quick. tree. this is called market conditions condor home it's. very hard. to protect their trees. you have to provide water for the tree you have to protect the train from the harsh where the. moon's. you have to put all this talk cross into get it together you have to protect the chain and show that betray is not standing on the grass and down you have to ensure that the tree is not going to be eaten up by hunger and the moment you have to ensure that the tree at the end of there will not be your score higher
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would you have to endure so then there is this is that all of the factors that are necessary for a tree to grow in the sahara it takes more than just planted a tree it's a whole lifelong process that we put into and show about a tree grows from is signaling right of the cherry. i have a son that. can add a little bit into what elvis is saying i think what i also want to ask is not let's let's bear in mind that you know let's r.c.m. to go and i think you just juggle the memory of the older generation of africa and the late how much fun car really was one of the instigators and sort of leaders say around the whole idea of the great reward even though it wasn't cold as such so over time there was a lot of activity and a lot of research organizations like you know the world i will forestry organization or the research institution but what kind of what sort of
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experimenting with tree species and i just want to add and say you know one of the elements that we're working on from you in environments like together with organizations like f.-o. even with the african union is to make sure that we identify the countless species that are actually viable indigenous 'd species which are very important for by diversity but also for making sure that the current is sequestered in the soil and also making sure that it's not an invasive species that suddenly is planted in an area so this is also very important and also we have to bear in mind that communities have known for millenia and just you know touching on the as an art is the music that has has resonated across you know the creel the l. the federal funds on tree the sun some of the species some of which have disappeared so how do we then begin to think about you know where where is the biodiversity in this area that evil so very critical for this they or the landscape
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. a lot of there are no and that's any. activists high elvis for we hanging but we don't see you because there's a storm right now in addus we're talking about climate we're talking about natural natural events so it's appropriate that we should have a negative way of connecting it. of the storm. i was very allergic to weren't our i'm so sorry i'm so sorry but hope time for my because i want to bring in an activist and i campaign who has so much passion about what this actual initiative means it's not just about trees it's about communities have a look have this big. it's about survival in. almost 60000000 people who are directly affected in over 200 rather graphic communities this is unacceptable i believe that now more than ever before we must
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unite from each child to djibouti. to mine we must be collective action technology to help provide us with the unique opportunity to document voices to be fighting with importantly to learn from each other and bring about a solution. it's about survival. on your journey around the sahara region you met many people and you told many stories about survival tell us one that really stood out for you. well i i have. i have the chance to meet my friend in nigeria and i absolutely agree with what he's saying it's a matter of survival i went to nigeria i met with the annex boko haram fighter and a young lady who was abducted when she was 13 and married to a book of how to fight her and their stories were incredible and strongly tied to
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the change in climate because the those regions are so vulnerable because they survive on the lake chad that is that has trunk from 100 percent i think the like trade now has shrunk by 90 percent. since 50 years so it's it's terrible to see those communities going through such hardships because of the changing climate and their stories were hard bright braken but also with a lot of hope because we know that we can do something to make a change of this point bring you back into the conversation i want to share this with you it's from a tweet from the tal of the tele says the great green wall is vital for peace security and climate was an instance a health one of the most vulnerable regions to climate change related to security risks the project which is conflict between nomadic hoses and farmers which is
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poverty hunger and improve life and hurts that is a huge responsibility for that project do you believe that that is possible can you explain how the uk just mark mark on it for you insert some degree that many contractors did not in our solution to solve the problem put parker that she was so on the good beach on this particular charm platform on boston. and the heads of state of the africa are younger learns that this cannot be done inside us so they decided to create a pan african africa program in the share tips that we agreed to buy we're going to be the great. the fact our country's government together. on one might strike it you began on continental. initiative to be about where it's country and renting to the market in your silly.
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heads took down most of the challenges that scientists in the usa live in helping people you're saying that that is helping the unity so the great thing always bringing africans to gether rather than getting them is that right ok i understand that we have got like some i didn't mention but it's beginning. to turn on my own vision yes it's. not in charge but. to reduce in charge are not affected by the activity it's in major. most of the middle east it's cons because during the trial should monkey one believes no grass on no 4 back for the animals in one part of the continent the mall to the other part. we don't do this it's 3 dogs on that pick that's where storage went to gather what we have or did for never be detected i always go take
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a pause because we have tweets coming in people are listening to you and wanting to ask you questions i'm going to put this to you in a this is from ha ha it's crazy i have seen the phrase but never really understood it till now how effective has the project been so far how does it reduce the set of occasions within the region and i'm going to give that one to your the ambassador. well you know it's. it's not just about planting trees it's about restoring degraded in lead and help bring opportunities job opportunities to the communities living in the style and i think the project is 15 percent undergone it is not enough in 10 years we aim to do much more and that's the reason why we need people to know about this project outside of the development yes because what i also his support he says you want in the development of developing well it knows a development well but it's people outside of a that need to know if this one is that you must own that if one is to be in the
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coming in life people are tweeting for the asking the question ok abraham the rate at which we found downed trees outweight the rate at which we plant them in africa how can the great green will survive is that even true. good to see you know a lot i'm going to give us a little on the battle then to that outfit wouldn't you coming back next year however the kind of landscape or says this is this is the shrub. sort of our is the only survivor so we have to bear in mind that it's not sort of the congo basin forest kind of landscape however as you know the point count and alice is well in terms of the levels of degrees racially it's several layers i mean the layers in terms of the cultivation that are taking place in the land # and the number of livestock that have you know expanded. the the increase in the number of my stock and also the different unsustainable activities such as you know felling trees for charcoal etc and then a classic example it's happened in spaces like guyana in the by helen region which
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is also the same region that has a shia tree and for those of you you shared butter which is really amazing and also very important value chain in valuable products that women produce and in fact companies like nokia depend on products like shia so in responding to that question i would say that actually a lot of communities have been trying to do something because they live in these communities so for example in parts of ghana where women are really convening conversations to say well we cannot be great the landscape and cut the trees because we would not be able to generate income from our share and also maintain and manage the eco system but i also just want to mention something in relation to the record systems we used to have a program under the un environment that used to be in the lakeside will be there and the lake probably not using the very north of mali now this is a well and system and lake system but when the birds migrate from euro tollways
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africa this is the 1st frankly of a hit to get water and when we were there it was incredibly degraded we try to do some research and this is 200820098 song that originally in the development community credibly to create a system that was like no water there. with the grace of god can credibly degraded so there was no water that they were the birds while there was the very matter of space where you have a size maybe a one meter by one meter kind of lakes i'm just going to contact a lot of shrink to a 3rd of that because of the advancing ground around this hour or so and also some different activities that are taking place around the community ok however the instability then and so we stop doing this work people move because of the insurgency and this is also the some of the challenges that you know the spaces within that the hell in region say so i see and we see in
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a way in which the role of traditional leaders for example in conflict resolution so that some of these activities environments i think you can continue the conversation actually you know the emir of candles for example discussing having conversation and dialogue with boko haram and others within the us. so that these activities and that in itself explains the whole listed major of the last line and i very much i realized that when i'm reading your one of the press your conversation it's more than a line of trees in my book an epic line of trees but it's much more than that in are there some things i have to ask because i was fascinated by this on your journey you went to the african union the idea for this project came from a former president of. and he took it to the african union with the pan african project and i was fascinated by how is the project doing how did you react to you you are sitting that a view what was your reaction to what you heard and i'm going to play
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a little clip the initiative started here in the african union i would like to know how we're going to achieve the goal. of the initial 2 into one countries that started we're talking about our implementation of 15 percent so the political commitment is the target is to restore every piece of land that is vulnerable to climate change and this occasion and to create about 20000000 jobs is a huge huge ambition i don't know whether ever be completed because development never ends. i was determined to get elvis's poor face in the program somehow despite the storms in addie's avodah. as you were going in there you have only just learned about the quake and will you are us us learning about it while you press the african union to feel that they could do more. well yes you know it's always
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a credit to go to the african union get out and out of the projects that are there so ari was really looking forward to being there and i had so many questions beginning of the trip even before i started the trip when i only heard about her going what i want to. know more about it and some of my questions were answered and our own they are doing a lot of work but we have so much to do together because 15 percent is great but we have from now to 2030 we have to do more i don't believe but you know the project so i really i don't know a 1000000000 for me it was really brought in to be there and hear from our leaders that they are really focusing all their strength and coming together and make this happen we are right the next generation will role of accountable thank you so much just so much more to talk about elvis i'm sorry that we only saw your voice and
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didn't see your face what we sankey for your contribution thank you to in a mode and also miss on them as well if you want to fight at war about the great green wall you should go to the website the website is a great green war dog or and the documentary comes out next year and you may well be at a catch as of film festivals around the world this year that you guess our week of covering climate continues tomorrow should destroying the environment be considered a crime against humanity citizens around the world are taking governments and corporations to court trying to hold them accountable for the consequences of climate change eco site next on the street and so what see you next.
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al jazeera balconies documentary film festival screens documentary films carrying strong messages were the power to change the world it is upon us to decide whether the change will take place let us change the way we view the world and the way we treat others let us be an example to future generations 2nd a.j. be dog film festival organized by al jazeera balkans 20th to 24th september. from the family home of the still navigating dangerous rapids from the time we depart through the time we're finished or scared to the fisherman dicing with death . come afraid of falling i'm afraid of dying breed if i don't go i call from my family to meet the men who go to the extreme just to make
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a living but you have to be a strong swimmer otherwise the surf and risking it all vietnam on al-jazeera. the big breaking news story can be chaotic and frantic behind the scenes. people shouting instructions in your ear you're trying to provide the best most curious up to date information as quickly as you can. it's when you come off air and being seen can you realize even witness history in the making. talk to al-jazeera. what guarantees it will be given to the people who will be attending the minimal workshop we listen i'm supposed to explain apologize for someone who is also terrorizing me we meet with global newsmakers and talk about the stories that matter on the soldier's 0.
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0. swear every. old tied up in the israeli election as the vote count goes on there's no clear idea who would be the next leader. i wonder when jordan this is al jazeera live from doha also coming up iran says the attack on a saudi oil facility was a warning from who the rebels in yemen. and so much pain but i have kids and i need to keep them struck. africa's parliament prepares for
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a special session on violence against women a survivor tells a story. workers from us all to john general motors strike for a 2nd day bringing more than 50 factories and warehouses to a standstill. the votes are being counted in israel's 2nd election on the 6 months and there's no clear idea be in the best position to form a coalition government according to exit polls both prime minister benjamin netanyahu was liquid party and the main opposition blue and white party failed to win an outright majority for said reports now from tel aviv. the music blared benjamin netanyahu smiles but more than 5 hours after voting finished it was clear this was no victory even if he was far from ready to admit defeat we'll show you. a government committed to the jewish state neither will your can there be
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a government that relies on. arab parties but the exit polls suggest he doesn't have the numbers to dictate he may not be given 1st chance to form a government 5 months ago benjamin netanyahu waited several hours before making his speech waiting for the numbers to swing in his favor this time he's waited longer for the numbers appear to have swung in the other direction 5 months ago he made a victory speech this time it was a speech of defiance it seems clear that his grip on power as we can lead to be ticked off at the opposition blue and white headquarters the mood was very different former army chief benny gantz didn't repeat his premise childe victory declaration from april instead his tone was a man ready for a grave responsibility and if he had thought so we need to be patient it wasn't an easy mission as we see now netanyahu did not succeed in his mission when comparison proved to the idea of blue and white succeeded big time and he's here to stay it
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was equal vindication for i believe him a lesson yos former ally who collapsed the coalition talks pushed his secular agenda and nearly doubled his israel between 2 parties vote. we have only one option a national liberal government made up of israel by to noon and liquid and blue and white the presumption is the. he demand likud 1st replaced netanyahu was leader but that's something it shows no sign of readiness to do. a. couple netanyahu is the leader of the lake could support for him is strong and in times of crisis it gets stronger it all came after a friend etic final day of campaigning gantz aping netanyahu is tactics urging supporters off the beach telling him his party was on the verge of defeat and you who seemed to spend the day in one long emergency broadcast on social media and in person repeatedly warning his right wing base that arabs were voting in great numbers. the leader of the mainly palestinian israeli joint list iman said
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netanyahu incitement had come at a heavy price causing instead a surge in support it's possible we did see some form of backlash people saying they were going to come to the polls in so we are here we come and there and this is what we can do in israeli politics his office says he's due to have talks soon with benny gantz raising the possibility that he could offer him some kind of support benjamin netanyahu spoke on stage of the difficulties and pressure of this campaign with his 1st pre indictment hearing on corruption charges jus in 2 weeks and the prospects of fighting them from the prime minister's office now diminished the pressure looks set to intensify ari force at al-jazeera television. but we'll get reaction from ramallah in the occupied west bank with shortly but 1st let's cross to bernard smith in west jerusalem so the race is still too close to call so what's changed compared to. down back in april
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benjamin netanyahu took an enormous gamble what happened was that when he was unable to form a coalition ordinarily the president would have then invited benny gantz to try and form a coalition but netanyahu gambled preempted the president's decision and dissolved parliament hoping the 2nd time around he would pull in the votes in needed he hasn't the gamble hasn't paid off the crown is slipping he's down to $32.00 seats for his likud party from the 35 that he won back in april while the crown is slipping it hasn't yet fallen off but this veteran campaigner who was campaigning all through the day yesterday right to the very last minute could joe ling and threatening his supporters to get out and vote saying that if you don't then they'll be a leftist arab government while all of those threats haven't paid off and indeed the arab vote which might be significant now has been one of the highest it's ever been down and then a day as you said will take weeks of horse trading to form this new coalition
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government so let's talk us through some of the scenarios. well this is this is where it is now going to get very interesting because what happens now is that the main parties go called by the president once the a vote once the results are official and they recommend to the president who they think should be prime minister the one 'd that gets the main number of votes the president then called on that person for to try and form a government a coalition government and got 4 weeks to do that now for the 1st time ever the leader of the arab group iman o'dea he said on the israeli army radio this morning that he wants to be the leader of the opposition his is the 3rd largest bloc that means that i am annoyed a is seeing a coalition a unity government a unity government would be benny gantz pulling in some voters from likud that means that i'm a no day might well end up recommending body counts as his person to be prime minister the 1st time an arab arab list is recommended something to be prime
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minister gantz will try and form a coalition with lee could but unity government with the code but the only way that will work is if that's an netanyahu is not the leader of the court now while he could members say they support netanyahu as the weeks go by and they see the threats of ending up in opposition if they don't join a coalition government or maybe the support will start chipping away and just very quickly netanyahu might survive if he pulls in labor and or some blue and white. blue and white case but the options that are a narrower than they are for benny gantz down smith in west jerusalem bernard thank you let's cross over now to need to abraham who is in ramallah for us leave us so what's the feeling there on the ground amongst palestinians about the selection. palestinian officials are saying the sheriff has reiterated the position that we've been hearing from the palestinians is that israeli elections is an intern and is
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really a fear that they don't want to intervene in however he said he had to hold that the next israeli prime minister will extend his hand to peace to palestinians and concede that ending the israeli occupation over the palestinian territory we've also heard from the p.l.o. those 3 general about a party says that the main difference between the 2 contenders is that one benjamin netanyahu he wants to deepen and strengthen apartheid while the other benny gantz wants to deepen the status quo as in maintaining the israeli control and occupation of the occupied territory now if you talk about palestinians in the street it doesn't really seem that this is a method that they're concerned about if you talk to them they would tell you that the 2 main contenders are 2 faces for the same coin a decent poll that has conducted by a palestinian research center showed that palestinians the main concern at this moment is the financial situation we know that the palestinian authority has been
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facing a deep financial crisis and it hasn't been able to fully and regularly pay its civil servants for 7 months now so the main issue that seems to be concerning palestinians is paying the bills they don't see that the end of occupation is attainable now specifically concerning international factors and the fact that the americans keep talking about the deal of the century that they see that it's taking a lot of biased towards is rabies and not regarding palestinian rights or to me to bring him back in ramallah thank you. the palestinian diplomat i'm odd jobs will turn in terms to netanyahu aren't any better for his people. well certainly. being out of the picture is something good for peace but we don't see that the platform that others run on the ideas that they can be. really
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something that would lead to talks or peace they all promoted the platform that the extreme towards palestinian fronts is done with continuation of this fall on the old regime and racist. notions towards them and intends to further expand the rate at the palace. on the expense of the palestinian so the promises are not necessarily promising now if there is there will be a shift and the any kind of coalition with. or respect the terms of reference that led to the peace talks to start in the 1st place the palestinian side i think it will be more than happy to sit down and talk with the view of ending doctor this prolonged occupation a sore spot that is not the case we will continue the course depending on the
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sending all right and exposing this racist colonialist regime on our. i mean all israeli security forces have shot a palestinian woman in the occupied west bank she died later of her injuries in hospital it happened at the military checkpoint that's just north of jerusalem the shooting was filmed by a possible in a car according to israeli police the woman was holding a knife. iran's president says who the fighters launched the attack on all refineries in saudi arabia as a warning that it should withdraw from the war in yemen us on rouhani made the comments on wednesday alongside another denial that iran was involved. as well the yemeni people reacted they hit a location they didn't hit hospitals so why they didn't hit schools they didn't hit the sun up but they attacked an industrial site to warn you you should learn a lesson and do something to stop the war meanwhile saudi arabia says normal oil
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production will resume within weeks rather than months francis sending experts to saudi arabia to investigate who carried out the attacks and how they did it the kingdom is joining the u.s. led maritime coalition to secure the gulf well that focuses on t.v. shipping lanes including the strait of hormuz which is used to transport a 5th of the world's oil but it comes ahead of a visit by u.s. secretary of state mike on peo he's going to saudi arabia to share information about the attack as more. the men in charge of saudi arabia's energy sector briefed embrace to give a republic statement be here to reassure global markets to saudi oil infrastructure was attacked on saturday. of its oil production was wiped out it's 5 percent of the daily output they reassured him based his output would return to normal by the end of the month. he over the last 2 days the damage has been contained and more than half of the production capabilities that were damaged have been restored
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therefore the company will fulfill all of its commitments to clients during this month. the comments come to crude oil prices which had seen the biggest one day jump in history on monday but can they fulfill their promises i'm pessimistic in terms of full production we're talking over 5.7 to 5 point.

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