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tv   Child Soldiers Reloaded  Al Jazeera  September 23, 2019 3:00pm-4:01pm +03

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it is possible for their increasingly hungry clients. is an astonishing example of this appetite within a few decades this fishing village has morphed into a modern architecture is a sandbox for developers were no fantasies too grandiose. but as projects. of sand using huge volumes of sand and construction projects concrete and indeed just making land as has been doing with the with the officially constructed island. landfills are even bigger consumers of sand than concrete. with a booming economy the emirate launched an investor's expansion project. after
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the year 2000 with the price of states soaring as a result of speculation developers bet that it would be cheaper to make land than to buy it. the self-proclaimed 8th wonder of the world cost over $12000000000.00 and devoured more than $150000000.00 tons of sand dredge from the coastline. with a giant palm still under construction flying high in the seemingly endless supply of money and sand embarked on an even more extravagant project the world. the world is an island paradise where unprecedented opportunity can be found it is almost as resort official archipelago of $300.00 islands designed as a map of the world absorbed $14000000000.00 and $3.00 times as much sand as the. old. place magination.
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today the world is a mirage the work site has been abandoned since the onset of the financial crisis in 2008. deserted island is now parked in the sun awaiting the uncertain day when millionaire buyers will again descend on to buy and restore its glory. to kill the corporation managing the palm in the world the crisis is more than financial overdevelopment is totally liquidated by his natural sand resources and you think well fine of course dubai is on the edge of the desert they've got hold of stanley neat like all the gulf states dubai has sand everywhere so why doesn't the emirates simply help itself to the desert. desert sand is the wrong color end of sand for building a lot of fishel islands why because deserts and all the grains have been blown around by the wind and is typically very round and very smooth if you want to use it to build an island they don't stick together you need sand that that is more
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angular rougher rougher age say that naturally sticks together. see sand is perfect for island building and construction but it's in limited supply sand is not a sustainable resource. although its own stocks are exhausted dubai is far from given up. the burj khalifa at the time of construction the world's tallest building was built with sand from half a world away. we have a saying in english which is selling sand to the arabs which is obviously a joke. that that's actually come true in the case of the by. $3500.00 australian companies exports into the arabian peninsula their profits of tripled in 20 years accounting for a $5000000000.00 jackpot. and australia is just one small part of
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a global trend that reliant on importing sand from other areas and so what you see is this huge trade around the world moving from one another for different purposes such construction and land reclamation. singapore is another city at the heart of the sand wars. in 30 years the country known as the switzerland of asia has become one of the richest in the region during this time the population has more than doubled and the 63 islands that make up the city state are bursting at the seams singapore its were lying on the import. for its very existence in the land masses literally increased 20 percent over the last foresee it is and that's largely been recognition so literally pouring sound into the sea to create new land . singapore is already transformed 130 square kilometers of water into land and is planning to add another 100 square kilometers by 2030. having devoured all its own
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reserves its for ratios appetite is targeted at its neighbor supplies. one after another cambodia. malaysia and indonesia have each decided to ban trade with singapore but its addiction to sand is not easy to restrain. singapore is being accused of expanding its coastline with illegally dredged satins from neighboring states. suspicions of sand trafficking hang over singapore and the dozens of barges filled in the broom which imo daily and support prove that the city state has found an alternative source but where does the saying come from. tommy guns fear. guns. you're going to hear very every day every week.
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this what is the visual. on what you. see in. your individual. to the. north korean television nobody hours ago. thanks to local traffic and networks singapore and dealers with false identities working for fictional companies continue to find supplies of sand in neighboring countries. but the other one. but in the same system. which i think is it just it was the business of the state but this is the distaste. victory for. the law with the tacit support of the government their most loyal client. the son trade in singapore is that he usually have a political as the mass of the backcrosses far as we're concerned it's just
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a is building. leader in the region particularly with the last global sun that's but their companies will brain imports of that country and should be its human rights violations environmental degradation and damage the livelihoods of local people. the effects of underwater dredging are far from benign. much of the ocean floors rocky are covered with only a thin layer of sand. built up over tens or even hundreds of thousands of years. as you dredge up a set. of course all the the any walls and. on the sea floor they will all be dredged up as well and therefore whatever living communities are they will just
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be the sand is the primary link in the underwater food chain remove it and the survival of all species from the smallest to the largest is threatened. like many archipelagos many of indonesia's islands are literally made of sand and intense dredging has triggered a series of chain reactions. 92 percent in the nation's fiscal challenges come from tension of the city because of my name activities when this coral reef we lost fish. livelihood. everything loss of fish habitat directly endangers the survival of thousands of indonesian families but that's only the 1st of sand dredging to adverse effects. if you have an oil made of sand it's only there because of conspiracy of natural processes wind waves
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water currents time of year and so if you start removing the. then you've upset the balance of the conspiracy and waves and currents will learn start to move the rest of the set. after the extraction of sand a combination of waves currents and gravity slowly fill in the back you. so the removal of underwater sand can have a very noticeable effect on nearby beaches and islands. and so by a combination of the match will prove this is and human excavation the island literally disappear. one of the most stunning and packs of the trade was the disappearance of some of the islands off the coast of indonesia which have literally vanished when we use that sand. our life. once an island disappears the
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international maritime boundary changes all is required to these become geopolitical issues as well as simply commercial and resource issues. 25 indonesian islands have already disappeared. like coal and gas sand is now on the frontline of the world's hunger for raw materials. scarcity and dangers local communities and sets governments against each other. as demand builds the circle only becomes more vicious. morocco's gentle climate has been welcoming tourists for years. but its famous beaches have also been attracting some strange 4 legged visitors a constant stream of men and donkeys descend on the beaches 7 days a week. in search of. sand.
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for men and the donkeys have taken so much sand that some beaches now look like the surface of the moon. rock has been experiencing a construction boom spurred on by a competitive real estate market. the builders are happy but they need plenty of sand legal and otherwise. that. i repair i have i don't want to give you. all you know that i'm not going to bend and addenda going to not 'd wonder how you could have been acquitted oh well coming up to no no no no my love my double got nothing. but i mean look at them head go yeah. look i do one thing yes i did was really i do what's right with their day but
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they've been calm but you know you're not going out you're right not them have them come we don't look good i'm not good at we're great nobody else i like them i like them lap it's estimated that 40 to 45 percent of the sand used in construction in morocco has been stolen mostly from its beaches. loaded onto trucks the sand is sold directly to unscrupulous developers but that's not where the problem ends. without proper treatment salty beach sand mixed with cement is highly corrosive make america's new buildings ticking time bombs in danger of collapse. ironically the beach is meant to lure the tourists are being stripped bare to build hotels and condos that may turn out to be death traps.
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in the maybe enjoy. the position of being the financial capital of the country andrea also have a huge housing boom construction boom that's because of the influx of so many new people into the city. but the indian economy booming construction has to keep pace and like in so many other battlegrounds of the sand wars easy profits lead to corrupt practices. the value of sand is such that it's a commercial commodity that is smuggled i mean the it's a big business is smuggling the fam. sand mafia is the most powerful criminal organization in india. a lot of the people in the whole. who
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control of the sand mafia oso controls a lot of the construction the construction materials businesses in bombay as well as the constructions themselves. in addition to that they also control the administration through their political contacts so that just completes the whole value chain right from the extraction to construction the the profits in each bottle fed the administration and the police. under the eyes of corrupt authorities the sand arts ply their trade in broad daylight and more than $8000.00 dredging sites scattered across the coastline river banks of the subcontinent. for the mafia's beaches are easy prey because the sand is literally within arm's reach so they had even the most popular tourist sites the places where you expect
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to stretch out on the beach and worship the sun. the tentacles of the mafia's however are just adding to the pressures facing the world speeches. just 2 years ago there was a row of houses here. about i think about 8 houses from about here all the way down to the condo and those houses verano water the shoreline with going right past them so they ended up taking them out of these houses here with their on the beach front were row number 2 and i i the fact that the house won't be here in 5 here. with both the house about 2 years ago hoping that we would be able to retire here. but from here you could see how much sand we've lost underneath the house. because
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it was up to level with the cement but of course it went out into the ocean. so. the beach area was about the length of a football field and over the last 2 years the a scart meant is underneath the houses so. the erosion on this part of the beach is much quicker than we anticipated or there is deemed to normal. globally for tween of 75 and 90 percent of beaches are actually undergoing some sort of retreat and that's only going to get worse. an ethiopian determined to tell the world a new story about a country our shores are human is the most beautiful thing we've got and
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i wish we can just realize that it and just the footpath and despite the challenges she became c.e.o. of tourism and head of ethiopia's land development project my ethiopia just 0. i remember the 1st time i walked into the newsroom and it felt like being in the general assembly of the united nations because it was so many nationalities. just that we all come from different places but it's one that gives us bankruptcy us the ability to identify people when they're the other side of the world but we can understand what it's like to have a different perspective and i think that is a strength for al-jazeera. some asked. this. to the group. that were all complicit in creating
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terror and oppression. living in fear and denial they reveal their motivation and the shocking truths from the inside. witness the women of ice and. dizzy. i meet barker in doha the top stories on al-jazeera the world's oldest travel company thomas cook has collapsed leaving more than one 150000 people stranded on holiday and about 20000 people out of a job flights have also been grounded the british government is promising to help anyone stuck abroad the cia is launching. this is the largest
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repatriation since the 2nd world war and we will be bringing home everybody. back to the u.k. as close as possible to their return date this is a huge operation 150000 people currently abroad we've chartered over 40 x. raft and those aircraft are already in position and in the next few hours will start bringing will start bringing passengers home yemens who the rebels say a saudi led coalition air strike has killed 5 civilians from a single family he owned misery t.v. says the airstrikes hit a mosque in the province of 2 children from the same family are missing it comes days after hooty rebels said they would stop launching attacks on saudi arabia if riyadh came up with a similar offer. israel's main arab political parties have endorsed ex military chief benny gantz for prime minister in a bid to oust but even yet netanyahu they have breaks the 27 year long policy of
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not backing any candidate to lead the country israel's president is holding 2 days of talks to choose a leader for a coalition government. after days of antigovernment protests in egypt calling for president abdel fattah el-sisi to resign a counter-rally has been held in suicide these are the pictures of demonstrations in the coastal city on sunday by sisi supporters gathered waving the egyptian flag separately thousands of people have been taking part in rare anti-government protests across the country since friday 365 people have been reportedly arrested. and the u.n. is warning world leaders attending its climate change summit in new york that the effects of global warming are speeding up the world meterological says the average global temperature for 2015 to 2019 is on track to be the hottest of any 5 year period on record and sea levels have risen by 5 millimeters a year. those are the headlines the news continues here on out.
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was. the world that is running out of sand consumed by industry and construction stolen and transported by criminal mafias around the world. behind air and water and is the most used commodity in the world. where humans have intervened and we've built structures a wall concrete seawall a highway a hotel a parking lot the beach can't move back and we see long term beach lost. as part of the natural cycle beaches adjust to seasonal changes and summer beaches
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grow thicker and in winter they recede to level off to better absorb the energy of the waves to survive the ocean salt beaches must have enough space behind them but we've built too close to the shore so with nowhere to go beaches are overcome by the waves which carry their sand out to sea. if you have an eroding beach what is the problem. not the symptom the same symptom is the beaches eroding but what is the problem. what's causing that it's us. we are drawn to coastlines today 3 quarters of the largest cities in the world population are on the coast as the population growth accelerates the world's. increasing density by 2025 to 3 quarters of the world's happiness will live near the ocean and those ribbons of sand would surround the continents are feeling the
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pressure. if we think. of the water and i hope that we learn from that but now we're here. and we have to figure out how to make projects. that is wider and that's what brings tourists. in florida 9 out of 10 beaches are in the process of disappearing along with the future livelihood of all those who depend on this economic engine. each year of the planet's tourists head for the beach beaches feed the hotel industry as well as recreation transportation food services and a multitude of other sectors in some areas almost half the g.d.p. depends directly on beaches. letting them disappear is out of the question. so what we're trying to do is try to mitigate those problems try to lessen the
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impact and that's why we have to take these unnatural acts pumping sand into the beaches. to keep their beaches viable cities that can afford to invest. in beach replenishment their. dredge home sand from the ocean floor and tours it onto the beach. some people see this is a solution others see it as a band-aid which only true. it's the symptom. they've put up the beach and say this is beach nourishment but it's just another hole. those big machines that when they go to take this they're in killing everything within that sand is ground put into a pipe crust moved and then it comes out and pumped for the life forms in that part of the beach aren't prepared to be buried alive and suffocated it's a killing process for the sake of dollars. peter planet is
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a temporary remedy after a year to the sand has been washed out to sea and the whole process must be started again from scratch nonetheless this method is highly popular to the delight of the dredging companies it's a matter of big money big big influence green it's not a pleasant thing to see you see this beautiful beach but behind it is something that's not so pleasant. in a desperate maneuver to try to trap the sand on the beaches coastal engineers are advocating the construction of dikes breakwaters and all sorts of other structures . but sand cannot be so easily tamed. the constant movement of sand is not necessarily always cooperating with the way we want the place to be it will fill up harbors and all it will wash away from beaches
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where we like tourists to come and so that balance is something that we all dramatically changing just by building on. all by building a sea wall around the extends out from the beach we build a wall to to contain sand to keep it on our beach what do we do we stop the sand from supplying the neighbor's beach. the tragedy is that people are just not aware they're not aware that an action here is going to have a reaction somewhere else so we all have to be very careful when it comes to redeveloping because then we have a responsibility because we don't want these great wonderful treasures that we want to share with our children to disappear because of greed because of irresponsibility. and because of just not dan paying attention.
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in order to avert further catastrophe it's important to understand the source of 90 percent of the world see sand often a long way from the beaches. for the most part it starts in iraq somewhere that breaks down it might be in a river from ice or snow or rainfall and is that grain comes out of the granite or the sandstone it gets into a small stream and then a larger river and in a normal world ultimately will work its way all the way to the shoreline. it takes thousands or even millions of years for a grain of sand to reach the sea and it's a journey full of pitfalls. in america we have been building one dam every day since the dec relation of
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independence and 7761 a day. 80000 dams blocked the rivers of the united states and china where the demand for energy is exploding dams are popping up everywhere so that by 2020 not a single waterway will reach the sea. and in the rest of the world there are at least 845000 dams and it's not only water they're holding back so all that sand that should be at the beach is behind the dance. one quarter of the sand reserves of the planet are hostage to these dams and the sand that makes it beyond the dams will run into another trapped river dredger.
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although it's regulated in many countries it's still a widespread practice especially in countries where legislation this week results about 50 percent of a sandwich or nurse the world's beaches will never reach the sea. the coastline like many other environments it's like the earth was always thought so big so vast that we couldn't have an impact on it we built a dam for water or electricity which is a good thing but downstream there's no more sand so somehow we have to figure out how to bring all those things back into balance by taking some conscious steps to try to reduce the impacts of those things we're doing as a civilization. is coming. to you.
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on them. some grain after green beach is slowly erode victims of decades of human interference. if you add the rising level. you get an ecological time bomb. to see right it's just going to happen a lot more quickly without saying. but it's not going to stop there it's going to take out hit all half of manhattan and it's going to this could take our cities as well it's going. keep coming. the sand is our barricade and we have to understand that. in the middle of the indian ocean sand is a matter of life and death. on
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the. sand divers have been collecting call sand from the lagoon for years and selling with developers. but with sea levels rising this sand harvesting is leading to some serious problems. and. sad it is a very precious commodity in the maldives because this one millimeter of the ocean touching you constantly every minute every 2nd every day every year is such a false and it is eat the fish or you don't deny. the mall deaves our road at a moment here right residents do what they can to protect their homes but many beaches are little more than memories. really not god and i'd get all of them are sick in a demonic in the home in a bog they did it come up with how to undo what the law gave the one nun
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a gift of god adama dick don't lie number macdonald villian i got in riyadh only make a name on a slip of the highgate at the lodge i didn't have him up in an economic on the money board unless the united made any income of them folded in. several 100 islands have already been evacuated and today the refugees crowd on to larger and better protected islands such a small way the capital. already overcrowded new houses are being crammed together . but in another better irony of the sand wars new. construction require ever more sand. we have been in the middle of the indian ocean for the last 5000 in the have written history that goes but. we can't just. far from the mild deaves beautiful threatened beaches. greed and speculation drive
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the global markets for sand and show no signs of slowing down. bombay is not an isolated case there's never been so much construction but at the same time housing has never been less affordable. one 3rd of urban populations now live in slums while go cities and empty apartments are being built all over the world. in china 65000000 flats are empty yet the construction industry is flora xing swallowing up one quarter of the sand extracted on the planet spain holds the unfortunate record as the european country most addicted to sand in the midst of an unprecedented housing crisis 30 percent of the homes constructed since 1906 sit empty entire airports have been built without seeing a single passenger and in dubai the emirate continues to build and import sand even
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if 90 percent of the apartments in the burj khalifa are bacon. but sadly real estate speculation doesn't hold the monopoly on the wasting of sand governments are also to blame. i would construction uses inexpensive see said the strips of asphalt we've built snaking around the world have swallowed up massive amounts of the world's beaches. think about the number of roads that governments across the way have to beat it's the public sector why the largest can do most of sad. how the sand wars even registered on our political leaders radars. access to energy and the development of the forestay on climate change on the reform of the applicant for common policy on the cullen fisheries policy on land on not traversal seas and on access to water. without burial for you find that you need a program to get
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a lot was before it's going to get on the agenda. we talk about water because we know there's a major problem is that right now in europe and we have had the debates and that we've had the policy we're implementing a policy and soil we're still having a debate. on science we're not having the debates. it's fair to of a cushion that. petitions scientists engineers come together and find alternatives for them or for the for the use they used most machines construction. can we continue to build and at the same time for yourselves from this dependence on sand. or other materials capable of replacing concrete. from the straw that's burnt after the crop is done you could build straw bale
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houses which use no cement. except maybe the slab on the floor but and they're earthquake proof those houses are perfectly insulated and they're fireproof. you don't have to build concrete buildings you see this building right here this building was built with 95 percent recycled materials all the steelers recycled it's made from. japanese cars you know it's all recycled steel and when this building is finished they can melt this steel down to make more buildings. there's so many materials which can be recycled i think we need to exhaust those and in the meantime maybe the world changes you know some years ago people used to build not with this quantity of reinforced cement concrete but a different methods of construction perhaps 35 different methods of construction
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but in the meantime at least we need to use recycled materials as far as possible. like strong metal our homes are recyclable and rubble can be really used to build roads or new housing projects. but these solutions must face our usual inertia and relentless lobbying by the construction industry. construction companies are equipped for and know how to work with concrete so radically changing our construction practices is an uphill battle . what if there was another granular material that might substitute for sand. there's one very interesting beach north of san francisco called glass beach and it turns out that for years the city dumped. all of their trash on to the beach the glass got broken up by the waves and got rounded
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and today this is this wonderful sparkly shiny sort of a magical beach is started out as a garbage dump when nature is done a glass beach has inspired people to attempt a similar trick thousands of kilometers away in florida. which is something that has to be disposed of and takes landfill space or something like that into an asset then you kill 2 birds with one. i think everybody realized that bias is made out of saying that if people start scratching their heads and say well maybe that's a good use of it to return it to science. glass bottles and packaging are everywhere they're usually collected and recycled into new containers but when it's crushed into fine pieces that glass can be just like sand got all because of all characteristics it says i'm contaminating regular beach sand it always looks like
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sand but it behaves exactly like sand so to say and i mean there's no reason to expect a difference. sand from recycled glass is one promising alternative for the beaches of florida and elsewhere on the beaches where it has been tested even the sea turtles have adopted it as a place to lay their eggs. as much as one quarter of the glass that we throw away is not recycled and ends up in the. crushed it could be a perfect component in the making of concrete. but compared to natural sand this sand is still too expensive. when sun begins to cost high maybe. other sources can't compete with it though attentive can compete with that right now there is no competition you cannot compete that's something that is going to take the a truck bottom. pricing. as sand
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alternatives and new construction methods struggle the game budget a must see the sand gold rush is gaining speed and more battle fronts are appearing . on the coast of britain hundreds of families survived by traditional fishing. but today the fishermen are angry. a multinational with a thirst for sand plans to exploit the ocean floor destroying their livelihoods. but what need an issue does. it doesn't matter. so i'll go so this is a. lot with the global. companies have come to brussels complaining about it not sure if i was in rules say. and that does rules that sort of things we need. so what they try to demonstrate is
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that by doing it by taking out sand from the not so rare there is no impact. on polynomial greenness well you know so they get on quite often with a great deal more preschool seduces a. lot of them see if they move it. took me another while. simplicities i'm also doing know even move. so. blue book is going to do for sub sub. a. 1000. years old was indeed into the only assume he will be st. exasperate of the brittany fisherman has shaken up both the elected officials and
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the citizens inspiring them to mobilize against the seizure of their sand with religion. loving them but. perhaps grassroots movements such as this will mobilize other groups around the world to stop the sand wars. once people know once people understand what the issue is and how important it is whether it's each grain of sand on that beach or the importance of that beach in their community to their lives and their community i think there's hope.
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so you see. this is the sand for useful construction these sand has been taken from there. from the beaches so it is much is their take these sand the soviet ocean to be more and this will have a very seat is in fact on the island. go to the beaches enjoy the beaches learn about the beaches and then do something about it. let's not let the beaches disappear. i believe that the younger generations of the planet must come out and tried to impress upon others the gravity of the issue in but is happening to the planet and this cute we must save the beaches. given the scale of which society is built with and i think cern deserves
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a little more respect. whether it's more freeways whether it's more dams we've got to get away from these gigantic seams and get back to a simpler. we're living. in tremendous environmental victories but the beach itself it's been left to fight for itself. maybe needs us to fight for. the fate of the world's beaches is not cast in concrete perhaps the day will come when we'll see sand with fresh eyes conscious of how every grain plays a role in the health of our planet and in our lives. then by working with nature instead of against her we can win the senate wars for the good of
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a song. whole or. the brains if any have in the coax or a particularly around georgia from the system that brought it disappear us was so is almost gone unfortunately in the full cost it's dry once again occasional showers just about possible in his back i wouldn't put your hat on it to be honest there's not much of a strong breeze others attention is a little bit varying with the sunshine with comfort interrogative 34 runner up the 40 mark in baghdad at its high if you're down towards kuwait in fact still miss part is sure asd is part of iran temps are in the high forty's that's unusual if the most part this lonely bleeding away temps is right about the city mark on the mediterranean coast 40 mark in western society humidity still quite high in qatar bahrain usa as you might expect but it's not excessively so it is still inside with
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us so how do you which is still good although fading now the cloud is still breaking drizzles rather more of a rarity so i might come back on tuesday. in southern africa again the change of seasons the winds are often quite fierce in both spring and autumn where in spring here of course there is an overall sunshine around still quite warm but it's one of those temperatures dropping a bit in the capital but cape town is back up to 21. from the bad move all the still navigating dangerous rapids from the time we depart to the time we finish we're scared to the fish and i'm dicing with death. i'm afraid of falling i'm afraid of dying but if i don't go by coffee my family need the men who go to the extreme just to make a living god you have to be
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a strong swimmer otherwise the surf and risking it all vietnam on al-jazeera october on al-jazeera this month marks one year since the mudir of journalist jamal khashoggi joined us on october the 2nd for special coverage the hudson will host a new series of interviews with outreach tackling the big issues about telling the world leaders as ex-pats and environmentalist will assemble in iceland to discuss the future of the arctic brand new episodes of full lines examine the u.s. role in the world and we'll bring you coverage of the announcement of the 2019 nobel peace prize winner october on out is in a. when you take this mighty liberals ever go. over the line it's going to be hard.
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for some true. person to person you know. it's really. iran's president hassan rouhani heads for the u.n. general assembly in new york with his own plan of how to maintain security in the gulf. close you're watching al-jazeera live from our headquarters in doha with me for the bat also coming up the world's oldest travel company thomas cook collapses hitting
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hundreds of thousands of holidaymakers around the globe. plus a break from the past israel's main arab parties back former military chief benny gantz for prime minister to keep benyamin netanyahu out of power and the u.n. turns up the heat on world leaders gathering in new york with a report that warns climate change is speeding up. iranian president hassan rouhani is making his way to the u.n. general assembly in new york where he will stay where he says rather he'll reveal full details about his goal security proposal tensions are simmering after a series of attacks most recently a drone and missile strike on saudi oil facilities saudi arabia and the u.s. say iran is to blame and american reinforcements are being deployed iran denies being involved in the attack and has denounced the presence of more foreign troops
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in the region at present donald trump has said he's not planning to meet hassan rouhani when they both in new york but as john hendren reports from washington top diplomat says talks between the 2 countries are still a priority. president donald trump is sounding newly optimistic about iran tremendous progress with was made with iran so we'll see we'll see but it's all going to work out always does we get it to work out if it doesn't sometimes takes a little longer but i get things to work out the u.s. rhetoric in general on iran has taken a turn toward diplomacy the u.s. secretary of state who initially accused iran of an act of war for last week's attack that have saudi arabia's oil production now says the u.s. seeks a diplomatic solution above all we do want a peaceful resolution of this that's our objective president trump and i both want to give diplomacy every opportunity to succeed but make no mistake about it if we are unsuccessful in that and iran continues to strike out in this way i am
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confident the present trouble make the decisions necessary to achieve our objectives both trump and iran's president hassan rouhani plan to attend a united nations general assembly meeting this week with trump says they won't be talking to each other ever on the sabbath completely but i have that is a baby with iran denies any role in this saudi oil attacks who the rebels in yemen say they are responsible in our valley more tensions have risen since the u.s. pulled out of a 2050 nuclear agreement with iran last year the u.s. says its maximum pressure campaign is working but there are few tangible signs of progress since then iran has shot down a u.s. drone and the u.s. has blamed iran for attacks on oil tankers on the saudi oil site with the united states sending hundreds of troop reinforcements as well as anti missile defense systems to both saudi arabia and the united arab emirates iran's foreign minister sounds pessimistic i'm not confident that we can avoid a war. i'm confident that we would not stalked one but i'm confident that starts
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one with not be the one who finishes it so this standoff continues which both sides say they want to end with words not weapons john hendren al-jazeera washington let's bring in our correspondent in tehran. a president rouhani left a short while ago for new york what was his message as he left. when he spoke before he got on a plane to new york and he mentioned the sanctions the united states sanctions against iran and said that the maximum pressure campaign isn't working for the united states of course these are the sanctions that the united states imposed on iran the union after sanctions when the united states called out 2015 nuclear deal but also president rouhani is going to at a time of increased regional tensions and he acknowledged this because he has accused iran of being behind the attacks and on the run coal oil facilities
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president rouhani said that the united states had of cheerier motives as to these attacks he said that the been playing up these attacks for the purpose of propaganda because enough to states wants to sell weapons just saudi arabia and keep a control of the oil in the region but also he's expected president rouhani is expected to present his all to turn into a peace plan because the united states has put together this naval coalition that the united kingdom astray yet behind and now u.a.e. and saudi arabia are a part of the united states says that this coalition is to protect the freedom of navigation the strait of hormuz that strategic waterway for 20 percent of the world's oil passes through now iran is expected to present an alternative this morning president rouhani said it was the horror most peace and. hope and he said that it's about talking to regional countries because the answer to security and stability in the region can only come from countries within this region and he said
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that it can't come from the united states because they are a source of instability so president rouhani is going at a time of increased regional tensions of increased military presence in the region but also at a time where you are european countries are trying to salvage its 2015 nuclear deal and bring iran back into the international fold thank you very much for that as far as saying tehran. yemen's who the rebels say a saudi led coalition air strike has killed 5 members of the same family hoofy owned syria t.v. says the airstrikes hit a mosque in the province of on 2 children from the same family are missing it comes just days after hoofy rebels place just stop launching attacks on songe arabia. in other world news the world's oldest raval company thomas cook has collapsed leaving huge numbers of people stranded 600000 are on holiday worldwide with the company
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there mainly from germany the u.k. france and scandinavian countries all thomas cook fried's have been grounded and 20000 jobs are at risk the u.k. civil aviation authority says it's beginning the mammoth task of getting 150000 travelers home and delays are inevitable. the cia is launching a report. this is the largest report since the 2nd world war and we will be bringing home everybody. back to the u.k. as close as possible to their return dates this is a huge operation 150000 people currently abroad we've chartered over 40 our craft and those aircraft are already in position i mean in the next few hours will start bringing will start bringing passengers home. catherine stansell reports now from london. britain's oldest travel company operating in more than a dozen countries with $19000000.00 customers
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a year but thomas cook struggled to be profitable. despite a $1000000000.00 injection of cash earlier this year the company said on friday it needed an additional $250000000.00 to stave off collapse for barclays well they contain a very bad news for the 600000 people around the world on thomas cook holidays when word spread about the dire financial situation this hotel in tunis briefly refused to let holiday makers leave demanding money afraid that they wouldn't get paid if the company went bankrupt. i paid more than $2000.00 for the holiday they want more than why i paid i told them i'm not responsible for thomas cook place kind of blackmail if you pay it you know you don't wave the british government is promising to help anyone stuck abroad i can reassure people that in the worst case scenario the contingency planning is there to avoid people being stranded more than 1000000 people around the world have holidays booked with thomas
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cook despite going bust there's little danger they will lose their money thanks to various consumer protection schemes thomas cook is seen as the inventor of the modern day package holiday a cabinet maker from yorkshire he was a strong supporter of the temperance movement and believed travel would help britain's refrain from drink. alcohol he started out by arranging day trips by train in the $840.00 s. the excursions proved so popular that within 20 years he was selling 2 hours to cancian until europe the middle east in the united states but the modern day company has been under intense financial pressure rescued from near bankruptcy 8 years ago and how people book their holidays has added to the company's plight high street travel shops have been facing stiff competition from the internet and while package holidays like those from thomas cook often provide good value many consumers are now shopping around online booking their accommodation and flights separately to create a prospective ravel experience despite being
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a mainstay in the british travel industry analysts say the company's struggles to compete thomas cook is i'm over this brand it has incredible heritage but i'm afraid in the 21st century in the for russia's competition of the travel industry that counts for nothing or what matters these do you have a profitable business and sadly in the case of thomas we know the answer is no. a 178 year old business steeped in history but apparently failing to keep up with modern times catherine stansell al-jazeera london as i'll speak to peter harbison who's the chairman emeritus at the center for asia pacific aviation his via skype from sydney thank you so much peter for being with us on al-jazeera so what is it that you think went wrong for thomas is it the case that they had adopted to changing trends in travel and changing consumer behavior. oh that's that's
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a lot but what i was starting from noted the very short term this this time of year is when in a cash flow business like the airlines and travel this is generally this time of year is when the bill start coming in and the cash slows down and so no matter what you do tend to see a lot of a lot of collapses of nero's this is this is the season unfortunately that it is tracking in times quotes go it's going back a little bit further than now the impact of bricks a 1000000000 or the uncertainty around the brits didn't travel so much internationally last year when said to be one of the causes are road things and the fact that troops such as one of the premier speakers so such intense competition particularly low cost carriers in the in the european markets know that model the was a also the round of package and the and the basically these were the lowest low cost
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carriers of the 7 years and now he's the model he's not there's a gap to build those as low cost carriers to dive in and out of a particular route and they rely on relationships to poke holes with ground services and so it unless they can really cut the cost to the bar those who are open to completing mom so what impact is this going to have on the different businesses and the whole towns that they were dealing with they're going to suffer as well i imagine. well we talk about the half a 1000000 or so 600000 direct travelers are affected by the impact the flow on usenet and for over 600000 lawyers or chums top itself but the flow on of anything in travel industry we're going to use these probably multiplied by 3 or 4 least sodhi hotel employees. everyone.


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