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tv   Inside Story 2019 Ep 320  Al Jazeera  November 17, 2019 10:32am-11:01am +03

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democratic republic of congo say rebels from the allied democratic forces armed group are attacking the eastern region of benny at least 15 people were killed in the attack from the same area on friday night the i.d.f. rebels are retaliating after the army and u.n. peacekeepers launched a major new offensive against the group last month it's mainly based in dense forests near the ugandan border and lebanon's former finance minister mohammad safadi has withdrawn his name from contention to be the next prime minister so far he said it would have been difficult to form a harmonious cabinet 3 major lebanese parties had supported his nomination in a statement he added that he hoped outgoing prime minister saad hariri would be renominated. well those are the headlines to join me for more news here on al-jazeera after inside story stay with us.
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inhumane and dangerous our rights groups describe conditions in a pause the a migrant camp bosnia struggling to cope with the influx of thousands of people fleeing the war and policy taking the new balkan route to europe so who should be tackling this crisis and how this is inside story. hello welcome to the program i'm adrian finnegan no running water or electricity portable toilets that are rotting flimsy leaking tents and rubbish everywhere built on an old landfill site next to a mine field migrants and refugees at the jack camp say that it's a nightmare conditions are appalling and are about to get even worse with the onset of the balkan winter those living in the camps blame the bosnian government but
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local authorities say they simply can't handle numbers arriving in the country 50000 in 2 years many get stuck at the border with croatia and can't continue into mainland europe tough new measures are in place to restrict their movements on is a merged as a new transit point to europe off the northern balkan routes were shot following the 2015 refugee crisis rights groups are now warning of a new humanitarian crisis but migrants of the camps on the only ones fed up with the situation local authorities have demanded better support the e.u. has given bosnia more than $40000000.00 in aid but the local mayor says that hasn't improved the situation of the camps or for those living around it. which the situation is out of control and it's collated the telling us. that even greater numbers of migrants will be pouring in next year so we had to react we can see that the meditating of the migrant crisis here is not successful on all levels of power
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including the international organization for migration the european union and the state and hundreds of people who live nearby have called for the pleasure of the overcrowded camps they say that they feel unsafe and trapped in their own homes. some. one can say everything about these migrants except that they are welcome here 80 percent of them a drug addicts alcoholics they break into houses and engage in fight. all those criminal acts that the migrants commit are proven by police investigations everything has been seen they behave we want this to stop we want them out of here and move them out of this camp needs to be closed those living in the camps want more help from international organizations and say that those protesting against them lack empathy. they must have to think about the situation and 921992 there. was war here. as well and other countries
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must have to think this is. they have to memorize that time when their people was. ok so the people need their help they have to you know think about the now situation here is not good not what they'll do much for drinking because. of 0300 people attend the food banks are not the. 800 people. and. what they're going inside the tent. but spring in august for today's discussion peter van der our out is so the west balkans coordinator at international organization for migration he joins us via skype from sarajevo from berlin gerald founding chairman at the european stability initiative think tank and we have. an eye to save it she's a journalist and human rights activists she joins us via skype also from syria with thank you all of you for being with us peter let's start with you what's going on
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in post there why are there so many refugees why are they unable to move on from bosnia and why are they not being adequately cared for. well i think 1st of all this year i want to tell to back out is that since january of last year we've had 52000 people registered there are who being here it's you know one of those currently i would say there's about 7000 income treated still remains population on the move so people are still managing to cross into courageous from the italy and forwards and if you look at the numbers that means that since early last year 4344000 people managed to get to cross into get to other parts of the e.u. where they want to go so from the migrants perspective this is an open route which is why we continue to run the most years ago when it comes to the situation on the ground the challenge has been to get the political decision making to identify
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additional markers acquisitions spaces or alternatives for existing spaces it will lessen accountant going to be very sticky bestie for about 3200 bits in 4 difference in theirs but the problem is that there are 6000 people in the county which means that we have some people saying we're shaking you really very conditions of an acceptable we also have people leaving in abandoned buildings abandoned factories near local neighborhoods creating a lot of problems also local people to mention and the problem has been that there's been very little if i can put it in those terms national solidarity or by other towns or to state authorities would identify spaces in other counties where migrants would be accommodated so i understand the frustration of the mockable commission in the sun accounts and that they feel a balance the reason why markets are in some accountant is because it's the closest place in busier suburbia to the 1st single country where people can go to. slovenia and so i'm hopeful not
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a generation ago who has identified 2 new sites one sentence and everyone johnson. has not had access to those sites to get how many people could be accommodated there in. well fast but it may be to start with a solution that would only one hand you trace improve the situation of migrants in the senate johnson the ones that living outside doing wishing. it could also use official in the local population here to have migrants accommodated elsewhere not just innocent johnson which is particularly important with the upcoming winter where you see that's the movement's those years ago integration will slow down because people have to get through the hills which really comes know in people be stuck in mostly it's going to throw. their weight we describe the conditions in the vote joke camp a state that's an unofficial camp the i.o.m. runs 2 of them what are conditions like in the official camps in bosnia so. you notice on account of sources there are 2 centers that are mostly the largest ones
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focused on single males which remains the largest population in most years of over and into smaller family gams and eastender so run in accordance with international and european standards for disciples like incense or so people have access to free food the buildings are heated their jeans every day there is access to health so there are we are working there together with our partners like units yar unicef save the children rich girls it alters to make sure that the full range of services is provided to the migrants that were there the centers are currently full capacity and people are constantly and this is one of the complaints that the neighbors all of them are discount where we have 1500 and both have is that they're supposedly migrants are now who are trying to get in because there are no rails to go and the standards the centers that are dear they're also open to journalists to the rights organizations to come and visit us and these are running according to international
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standards. gerald. can a humanitarian catastrophe in bosnia be avoided what needs to happen or with the worst of of winter just weeks away now is it too late well it's never too late to improve an unacceptable situation but it is very clear that this is a crisis on 2 very different levels i mean one level is they media that emergency that has just been described so there you need to get people out of harm's way you know have some decent accommodation where people are not going to freeze to death in winter but the other level which is of course the more important one is how do you deal with the bigger crisis that we have not a balkan route but a greece germany route people arrive in greece and then make their way out of the european union to get back into the european union and the western balkans for them
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just a transit area and the idea of some of the european union to try to trap people that leave greece and he needed them from reaching. germany is bound to fail and it's bound to fail with mess if humanitarian suffering associated the idea that bosnia which already today accommodates more migrants then e.u. member states like hungary or bulgaria or croatia is going to be able to absorb a larger and larger number of people is a fantasy and so what we see now the search for accommodation the search for better better hosting of people better provision of services it's all necessary but it will fail to address the problem unless there is a strategy that reduces the number of people that arrive in greece or that leave from greece through the balkans to get to croatia. so jill to what extent is
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the e.u. responsible for finding a solution to this crisis and he says that it can only help and not make decisions for the responsible authorities in bosnia itself where i think the e.u. is very much responsible because what we are seeing at the creation border at the moment is actually a constant violation of international law we are seeing creation of already is pushing people back even those that they are finding deep inside croatia and they say that they want to apply for asylum and they're not doing it just on behalf of creation of very few people want to stay in creation or they're doing it on behalf of the other members of the european union and of course ask yourself the question how people get to bosnia in the 1st place they have to cross into the european union already in greece so for the european union which is given 2000000000 euros to greece to deal with migrants. to then say well we are just hoping that the authorities in a bosnian canton or in
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a few bosnian cantons are going to be able to deal with a crisis that the e.u. itself is currently unable to address or unwilling to address in a humanitarian way on the greek islands or in hungary or indeed on the creation border for the e.u. to then lecture the bosnians is not going to be very effective what we need is not lectures what we need is a strategy and the only strategy that could work is one that reduces the number of people coming into bosnia by for example restarting relocation of people who need protection and to get protection from greece directly to even member states as was done for one of the half years in 2017 and of course returning people who do not need protection in europe from greece to turkey so the solution to the crisis in bihar. cannot really be found in bosnia that sort of what do you make of what you've heard so far why has bosnia been unable to come up with
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a unified efficient response to this crisis or is it not its responsibility to do so. because the back nervous possibility too but there is one thing that's international media and many others keep forgetting some national or a one story can or and that is the fact that boston is until today semi protectorate where the international community including the e.u. that has the biggest influence in this country do make many decisions and can impose decisions one of the stations that was imposed in bosnia is that the money that is coming from brussels to deal with the ongoing humanitarian crisis and i have to stress it's not my goodness crisis it's humanitarian crisis no migrants a refugee is guilty for what's happening here but all the money are distributing in bosnia through i.o.m. and the profit organizations i also have to reflect to something mr peter said and that's about the sensors that we have here in boston it's
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a good enough and that are run by the i.o.m. and financed by the e.u. these centers are far away from the places where human and seasons and dignified accommodation is provided for the people who are in bosnia these places are places where many people are saying that they suffer than not they do not feel safe they suffer due to lack of health care of many other things so if that is international funded and you'll stand up i'm wary warning about the world we're living in and about the e.u. that all these people are dreaming about so much while they're living in the dumpsters because not only will job dumps of even the other centers that for me as a boston who survived the war look a lot like a concentration camp so all of that comes to the betty betty serious question and yes local governments do have or some stability but we'll has
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a much bigger responsibility in all that at the same time i have to add that most of the money that came to bosnia in a last year and a half or more are coming for the security of the nation. so at the same time when the police. state is violating the law and district and the phantom wealth will put people and taking them forcefully to what and the same time it will with the help of i.o.i. and their pockets here in both is giving equipment the same police for example they gave them last week 9 bend the events and use the fake people to work so is responsible also for what check and what is happening. a come back in just a moment and miss out of it let's give peter an option as he attempt to comment on that the e.u. peace has given bosnia what $40000000.00 in the last year and a what what has happened to that money how's it been spent. about 75
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percent of the funding that has been received by bills or something or that has been allocated to us or to gov through part was like i already units short of it is refugee council has gone to what i would call a year he carries the seasons in the bronze saves meaning access to held axis to shelter the acquisition centers everything into all the costs that go eating food including addition duty and heating including containers italy bill the masons all these things are funded by the european union as of the past the most of the parts of the money has gone to to hear the debt in his bones then the remaining 20 percent has gone to d.c. jews to support the situations that are managing the migration situation most years ago via which includes the border police service for foreigners which is responsible for accommodation in the co-managed the centers that are in most years
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you don't need to sarah's for foreigners they are also responsible to its traditional migrants for saddam services for the severity of the fates of municipalities and indeed also for us on account of the. elisa's likely just $1000.00 has been a broad range of support but the vast majority of the money has gone to provide. unitary insists i do take issue but it's back and forth i think that we have got me for about a description of the conditions in the sensors that are in units jar and others are not itchy and i think there's been sufficient international media reports showing the situation inside the centers to indeed show that the reality is that they are in accordance reads an international centers and so he said i think the earlier case also said the short term focus really needs to be we need to find solutions for no student 1002500 people that are into sharks and are on the streets or who is
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an agenda because if we don't find solutions there there will be most of human lives larson explicitly if there's no question peter. how many people are being housed on in camps on private land in boston is someone making money out of this at least and if so isn't that against the conditions that the e.u. sets when it gives money to people like the i.o.m. to help cope with this problem. so last year we were in a similar situation as we are today meaning that we had lost my roots in the senate council that were living in deplorable you need serious circumstances so we needed to find centers quickly to house migrants before winter. we and i say collectively you know dorothy's in a council local we sabella to specifically we found ourselves unfortunately there was no public lands available at that time it's not such
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a matter of the veil ability it's more of a matter of the political decision making around these public lands that we had to resort to renting facilities from dr an owner so there are 3. centers in both years appropriate are in private property center former hotel and 2 former one former factory you know which is the larson there where the protests were centered bortz ago and the needle in that attack on ships disinter b.s. is a public building and. inside iran is also public and the u.s. it december to the muslim brotherhood that well we need more centers but the next door to new centers needs to be in public buildings so last year he had to resort to broad properties because simply because i did that or having my gun sleeping outside in the streets at the time people were also is leaving the view that if that letter shot so it was the only thing that was available going forward to new york ations should indeed be in poverty believes there's 2 reasons for that 1st public buildings can be
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a longer term solution that can be lower term solution for residue micah's but they can also subsequently be used for other purposes after they have been renovated and it's a motor term investment in these private properties word basement is months short of done ok and it's are as i saw you. play when you were listening to pay the talking just that it to what i want to respond to what he was saying. i was coughing i'm a little bit but i just came up that they see what i can but it hurts and of course i'm a little bit thick but also yeah i'm like it's pretty it's very interesting that i have many questions actually like 1st of all why the way how the money that is coming to boston you know basically it is this ability to iowa but it's coming to boston is not spend one spot and we people in boston had to go enough we don't know what he's doing quiz beside one what how will they decide how much money they will spent who made the decision that private security agencies will work inside of the
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reception centers who all of these private security agencies inside of be a doctor or schumacher to meet all come to beat up people there is a lot of violence in these international standards you know like fencers little clear by the by the e.u. could mean to national if international fund that used to beat up people something is wrong with that i have to say at the other question why i am is not saying anything about people who died inside of the cab. among them either the 17 year old pakistani boy who died of the marijuana who died the no warning today nobody he just needed until by articulate doctor so even that is that if i can ask one question but i'm sure that even you even get all do have a general well i will get you in just just a minute but but 1st let's get peter the the riser reply that how do you how do you respond to the who's who spends the money who decides so the way to work the steps
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. if you state governor because it's important to emphasize that is to say to dorothy's that from a legal perspective or this fills with her accusation which has been one of the johns it's actually funny and cheap and riveted representatives of i women other international organizations that have to get it where it counts the priorities for the spending of the budget in the driving seat is georgie's in both your company's record. circularly comes to the spinning of the funding reports directly only a monthly basis to the state authorities on how exactly the money is being spent in disease or mission is readily available from the authorities so it is entirely transparent as to her son who is being spent and indeed we are spending the money in a divorce for a lot of the authorities in both years governor because the funding which is the use is money that is allocated to the country the reason there have to into science is also what is money is divided between the national and incisions these because
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most of its growth has a lot of public citizen how to spends one right when it comes to people dying in the center i think you know we can go back and forth on what type of axes to help people have an individual cases whether it's jordan a lot of people died to the security guards to be just in the size that last 4 years we asked initially the police to work in the different centers to provide security the police told us that they do not have the mandate to do so so together we did the police can decide it's the. security guards inside those interests were being trained by united nations people from geneva principles and so on. but sort of rapidly running out of time here jerrold i need to give you 11 last say here if you want to comment on anything that you've heard them please do so and also this if it's their role here proffering providing humanitarian assistance for the u.n. and all of the should the u.n. be involved in this crisis went to points 1st of all this is going to be the worst
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humanitarian winter in the balkans since 2015 the number of people arriving in greece at the moment instead of being 3000 a month is 10000 a month in september and october and many of them will be leaving greece will be heading for the balkans so as long as more people reach the european union in greece many more people will try to get through the balkans and so we can already now prepare that what we see. you know there's going to be a lot of a bigger challenge just 2 or 3 months from now which means that what the u.n. should do there will be in a few weeks time a big summit in geneva the global refugee forum one year after the refugee compact agreed in new york germany will be dead the chancellor of the turkish president will be there and these are really the 2 countries from where a lot of these migrants leave and where they want to go and it would be great if all the stakeholders the european union countries greece gracious germany and turkey and the west the balkan countries together sit down and develop
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a strategy that would reduce the number of people that leave the e.u. to cross the balkans because what i see at the moment is a lot of thinking how to trap people in the balkans you know central police make cooperation agreements turn your eyes away from what is happening at the gratian border so what we need is a strategy or it can actually work at the source i'm afraid we're going to have to end the discussion a fears that we've only just got going we've we've just scratched the surface of this issue this is something we're going to have to return to a future programmes thank you very much indeed for being with us and our general canalis and. i'm at a save it and thank you for watching don't forget you can see this program again at any time just by going to the website of al-jazeera dot com for further discussion of the issue join us on our facebook page you'll find that at facebook dot com ford slash a.j. inside story and you can join the conversation on twitter handle at a.j. inside story from the atrium to the go the whole team here and thanks for watching
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i'll see you on the. i. i was taken to a minute. and i was submitted minturn are not enforced in my state don't think the intention was to make sure that group injures no longer entitled to either basic rights or citizenship rights one 3rd of these were burned down were funneled into what is now become complex where the marines are basically your friends exiled coming soon on al-jazeera. told took notice there are we know they don't believe in the 2 state solution the do you still believe in the 2 state solution we listen to what i just said it was the pakistan would never start a war i'm anti war we meet with global news makers and talk about the stories the
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although 0 the latest news as it breaks democrats did what was asked they said we will have a vote and lay out the procedures for going forward for the public testimony we detailed coverage here in town plans mean a financial center a place that is usually teeming it's 1st during the week and then stories from around the world it will take 10 to a 1000 years for this to disintegrate and that's what's choking this city. from a cost to jerusalem to buy i'm on the go moses clenching my own form milestone in history my embargo on. 3 short films that show how people take a stand against evictions and that struggle in communities the 1st time they arrested i was 11 years old a.j.
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selects on al-jazeera. governing coalition cancer needs to feet and that action overshadowed by the easter sunday bombing it's. also coming up. violence between protesters and police as a university campus in hong kong. to go back to the people i plead from exile tells al-jazeera he wants to return to believe and finish as.

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