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tv   BBC World News  BBC America  March 31, 2014 6:00am-7:01am EDT

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this is bbc america. and now, live from london, "bbc world news". hello. i'm geeta guru-murthy with "bbc world news". our top stories. prime minister mid yesterday 6th becomes the most senior russian prime minister to visit crimea. this coming in as troops are withdrawing from ukraine's borders. a danger to our food supplies. a panel on climate change say rising temperatures pose an ever rising threat. and the first army chief to face such a prosecution. musharraf is charged with trea
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so n. hello. russia's prime minister medvedev is in crimea at the head of an economic delegation of russian vice premiers. it come as the defense ministry says the build justify of russian troops has begun to ease in recent days. while he is the most senior russian politician to travel to the region since moscow seized it from ukraine. the follows secretary of state john kerry and sergei lavrov. well, let's go to daniel sandford. what has mr. medvedev been saying in the last few moments. >> he has announced it will
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become a special economic zone. a ministry will be set up in order to develop the recently. clearly a sign that russia believes this is an unchangeable position that crimea is formally part of the russian federation. they are preparing to invest time and money as part of trying to bring it into the russian federation as a whole. that directly against what the ukrainian government says is what they still believe that crimea is part of ukraine. >> what about news on troop movements on the ukraine border? >> this was a very hot topic in the meeting between john kerry and the russian former minister sergei lavrov. according to the american version of that meeting, a lot of time was spent with the americans saying to the russians they needed to reduce those numbers on the border with ukraine because they were causing fear and intimidation with ukraine.
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a ukrainian spokesman is suggesting they have seen what looks like the russians trying to reduce the numbers on the border in the last few days. it could still be a change skroefr of troops with one group leaving and another group arriving. they are seeing a reduction in those numbers. that would be welcomed in ukraine and all across the world as people want to see it deescalate. >> the fact that he has gone there today, politically a very strong signal coming on the back of those talks and saying they are going to make crimea's special economic zone and tax breaks and so on. how will that be received in the region itself do you think? >> it is causing a great deal of alarm in those countries that border russia. poe land and the baltic republic, they are seeing what could be a new era of russian
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expansionism. it's making them very nervous. in western europe and the united states it might be accepted with a degree of realism. it was obvious this was a step russia believed was a final step not a negotiating position. and i think people understand from russia's point of view crimea is going to be part of the russian federation. it doesn't mean the rest of the world is going to accept that. in terms of dealing with real politic, people understand at least in the medium term, they are russia will be administering crimea. climate change is affecting food security, glaciers and the spread of the disease according to the intergovernmental panel on climate change. 66 authors of that report. it has been signed off by 100 countries. matt mcgrath is at the
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conference in yolk that ma and sent this report. >> reporter: it is called a gift from the ocean. now it is not so bountiful. local scientists say global warming is probably the cause. hundreds of international researchers meeting in japan have been discussing the latest data on the impacts of data change. there has been an explosion in research. the new report from the intergovernmental panel affects warming over the next century. >> we have reasons to believe that if the world doesn't do anything about mitigating the emissions of greenhouse gases and climate change continues to increase, then human systems could be at stake. >> the sea isn't just warmer. also becoming more acidic.
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they are damaging vital underwater ecosystems such as coral reefs. california has experienced its worst drought in 100 years. the new report says these type of impacts will become more frequent, threatening the world's ability to feed itself. fish stocks will also be hit as they move to cooler waters. there are concerns of conflict of migration increasing because of rising temperatures. it is not just a prophecy of doom. we can adapt to many of these changes, by increasing flood protection, changing the crops we plant, or conserving wetlands. while many would be expensive, the report says it's a good investment compared to the cost of doing nothing.
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the summary is seen as a key element of crafting an international deal. well, for more on that story, go to our website. there's a breakdown of the key findings of the report. plus, reactions from scientists and activists and what the report has to say with food security, flooding and oceans, a hugely important piece of work. all the details on the website. the malaysian authorities just announced a new joint coordination center is set to arrive in perth to oversee the seven for the missing passenger plane. >> the militaries of malaysia, australia, united states, new zealand, china, japan and korea are all working hand in glove to find the missing plane. i should also like to point out
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that asia has given clearance for aircrafts from nine different countries to fly as part of this search. as prime minister i have said it is heartening to see so many different countries working together for a humanitarian cause, to resolve this extraordinary mystery and to bring closure for the families of those involved. jennifer pak is in kuala lumpur. jennifer, was there anything else of substance announced today? >> reporter: well, you heard from the acting transport minister that this is a great effort. the reason he is trying to emphasize this, and he's trying to reassure the families of loved ones aboard flight 370, that they are doing everything they can to find the plane.
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at this point in time some 30 family members flew in over the weekend that demanded to meet the prime minister. they want to have technical briefings from officials to get more details. unfortunately it's because a lot of the press conferences, the current ones are not detailed enough for family phaepls members. they're not getting the answers they want. still no obvious evidence that points to any particular motive for anyone on board to try to divert the plane. they are looking at the four points for why this may be occurred, hijacking, sabotage, personal problems of people on board. they are trying to get a briefing specifically for the chinese family members both here in kuala lumpur and streaming it live in beijing so they do not have to repeat themselves.
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one of the demands from the family members is they want answers to their questions. often times, and it happens here in the press conferences, they have been asked questions. they're not able to be answer them because they don't have the experts on hand. they say they will get back to the families or the journalists, but they never end up doing it. as you know, this is day 24. we're no closer to find out anything. to debris has been lifted out yet. so the wait goes on. >> in that void of information there's been so much speculation about the pilot's personal situations. no more information presumably on the information into their background or when the communications system would have been turned off. >> journalists have been pressing officials on these two questions.
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but unfortunately we haven't gotten a lot more. we do not have the head of police chief heading this criminal investigation to be answering these questions. so far we do know a lot of the attention is back on the two pilots. because what they have determined is when the flight took off from kuala lumpur, just before it reached the sraoet that mere airspace, it veered off course and suddenly landed in the indian ocean. but at the same time although the focus has been on the pilots, nothing obvious has come up that would link to them. family and friends have come out in defense of these two people saying they are loving, caring. they love their jobs. there's no reason they would have brought the plane down. so we are no closer to finding out exactly what happened. >> jennifer pak, thank you very much. convicted of bribery over
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ties to a real estate deal. the scandal over an apartment complex deal. he was forced to step down as premier in 2008. he was convicted in 2012 on one count of breach of trust but cleared fraud. a court in pakistan has charged the former president musharraf with high treason. unlawfully imposing emergency rule and violating the constitution in 2007. he pleaded not guilty and said the charges are politically motivated. he could face the death penalty if convicted. we are going to get more on that live in islamabad in the next few minutes. do stay with us for that. much more to come also. we'll be looking at hillsborogh.
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this is "bbc world news". i'm geeta guru-murthy with the latest headlines. the russian prime minister medvedev is in crimea on the highest level visit since its annexation by russia. the latest major assessment on climate change was humans are experiencing affects. a u.n. report says there is an even greater threat to our food supplies, our security, and our lives. okay. we're going to go back to events in pakistan now. because the former president there mr. musharraf has been charged with treason.
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pretty extraordinary within the interesting annals of pakistani politics, isn't it? >> reporter: exactly. it is for the first time that a former president in a former military ruler has been indicted for treason. in the morning, mr. musharraf was brought to the court under tight security from the military hospital. he has been admitted to the military hospital since january on heart conditions. even last night he suffered from high blood pressure and was shifted to intensive care unit. there was a lot of speculation whether he would appear in the court today. he came under tight security. his route from the hospital to the court was completely cordoned off. there was hundreds of troops in and around. when he entered in the courtroom, he was surrounded by pakistani military commanders. he waved to the crowds sitting
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in the courtroom. it was completely backed by journalist. there was a massive immediate interest in the story. one of the judges read out the charges to mr. musharraf. there were five charges against him. imposing emergency rule in 2007. and mr. musharraf pleaded not guilty to each of them. >> thank you. the governing socialists in france suffered a heavy defeat in the second round of elections. they gained control of paris. the far right made a strong show. president hollande is under prosecutor to change his government, including a likely replacement of his prime minister. turkey has always been holding elections.
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he said his ak party has won, taking just half the votes. the prime minister said his rivals would pay a price for challenging his authority, which he managed to maintain despite corruption allegations. this is the first vote since last year. seen as a key test of elections in august and parliamentary elections next year. i asked the turkish service whether the results were surprising. >> the elections, they took place almost like a general election. so the results are one needs to be holing the electorate together. so what these are shown is they were not that kerpbld about the corruption allegations or the protests. >> we have heard all the fuss about twitter closed down. endless allegations day after day in the press.
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>> yes. >> why has that not departmented his populari dented his popularity? >> his electorate, thaoeupl he received 45%. it is a small drop. but it has -- it is also such a number that has raised the question whether he will run for presidency of this year. it just seems this electorate is not concerned about a twitter ban. >> why is that? within his base? >> his base is not so much a base. it's not a base that would be so concerned whether they can use twitter. >> but for the corruption and so on. they are concerned about
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economic deliver. >> they are concerned about the state of the economy. corruption allegations were plagued by the ruling party as just that, allegations made by the movement. they were showing this as a bit of interference from foreign forces. >> on the turkish election this weekend. let's check up on what's going on over in china. >> geeta, it's all about china. the yuan used to be a closed shop in the sense that it was tradeable only on mainland china. but that is rapidly changing and is soon expected to quite possibly arrival the euro and the u.s. dollar. no surprise to be the trading
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hub has been stiff indeed. a deal was sunday last fry to facilitate these. in london it is entering the fray big time with central bank signeding a memorandum establishing london as another hub for the chinese currency dealings. we'll keep across that one for you. how about this. do it in denmark. yes, that is the message from a travel company running a competition aimed at tackling denmark's low birth rate which is currently at a 27-year low. this agency promises free years of free baby services and the couple that they can prove they con received while they were on holiday. a falling birth rate means there are not enough children being born to support a population.
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japan, singapore, russia, all of those respective deposits are spending millions of dollars to try and tackle this problem. maine on twitter. tweet me. i'll tweet you right back. @bbcaaron. >> if you wonder where he finds his stories, ask him. don't ask me. amnesty internationals 1500 people have been killed in northern nigeria as islamist carry out a campaign of attacks against military targets. the group recently launched a braze especially attack, freeing many suspected militants indeed. >> reporter: islamists militants on the move. rare footage of the group.
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the insurgents filmed this themselves. there was a firefight with the nigerian army. but they managed to breach the bare acts. they burst over the cells and set many islamist militants free. that's where the video ends. the nigerian military says the attack was successfully repelled. many of the retreating islamist fighters were killed by air force. sreupblg hadn'ty groups killed many of those who escaped from the cells. we'll never know exactly how many people died that day. some hospital sources said they received a hundred bodies. others said 5 hup people died. the elusive leader celebrated the raid and pledged more sroeupbts. the phpblts close to the border
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with cameroon. this footage was taken years ago. fighters have set up base in parts of this mountain range. a cattle herder recently fled the area. he said last year he was going to filed them to boca hideouts. >> they regrouped. >> translator: the soeupls all met in the victim hrapbl of dreamy. suddenly, a defense came with those. i pointed him out to the soldiers. >> how did you know? >> translator: i live in the same area. i know their faces. i grew up with them. my younger brother is a
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commander. >> to stop the attacks, they will have to flush the islamists out of the mountain hideouts. butch with members immeshed in the community, it is a tkaupting task. . just to let you know, a reminder of our top story, dimitri medicine yesterdayive is in crimea since ets annexation from russia. he said it would make it is a special economic zone. one other story we have been looking at, very important for families involved in the hillsborough football disaster. fresh inquests due today. 96 liverpool fans, you might remember, died when it became
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charge. hello and welcome. russia's prime minister dimitri medvedev is in crimea. his visit comes as ukraine's defense ministry said the buildup of russian troops on the eastern borders has begun to ease in recent days. well, he is the most senior russian politician to travel to the black sea since moscow seized it from ukraine. the bbc daniel sandford is in moscow. i asked what mr. medvedev has been saying. >> it will become a special zone
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no order to attract investments and a military will be set up in order to develop the region. clearly a sign that russia believes this is an unchangeable position that crimea is now formally part of the russian federation. they're prepared to invest time and money in the peninsula as part of trying to bring it into the russian federation as a whole. that of course directly against what the government in kiev says, which is they still believe crimea is part of ukraine. >> what about news on troop movements on the ukraine border? >> well, this was a very hot topic last night in the meeting between john kerry, u.s. secretary of state and sergei lavrov. according to the american version of that meeting, a lot of time was spent saying they needed to reduce those troop numbers on the border pause they were causing fear and intimidati intimidation.
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they are suggesting they have seen what looks like the russians trying to reduce the numbers on the border in the last few days. they can't be sure. it could still be a changeover of troops with one group leaving and another arriving. but what they seem to feel they are seeing in a reduction in the numbers. that will be welcomed in ukraine. people want to see the situation deescalate. >> the fact that mr. medvedev has gone there, politically a strong signal coming on the back of those talks. and saying they are foggy to make crimea's special economic zone with tax breaks and so on. how will that be received in the region itself, do you think? >> it is clearly going to go on causing great alarm in countries that border russia and ukraine obviously. but also poland and baltic republic. you see a new era of russian
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expansionism. it is making them very nervous. in western europe, the united states, it might be accepted with a degree of realism. it was very obvious the last fort night this was a step russia believed was a final step not a negotiating position. people understand from russia's point of view crimea is going to be part of the russian fed raise. that doesn't mean the rest of the world is going to accept that. but in terms of dealing with politic at least in the immediate turn russia is going to be administering crimea. here in the uk, fresh inquests in the victims of the hillsborough football stated yum disaster. 96 liverpool fans died when the terraces became overcrowded in a semifinal match in 1989. angus, it's coming up to the 25th anniversary of this
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disaster. for people who don't know, why is it happening this week? >> this was quite simply the worst sports disaster in british history. at the time of the disaster itself the families of the daddy didn't feel they got all the answers. they felt it was not brought out into the public domain. there have been a serious of inquiries, inquests, inquiries into the specific circumstances around the deaths. there have been court cases about?. finally in 2012 the original inquest which returned accidental death on all the daddy was overturned because new information had been brought to light. that is why now at this stage, almost 25 years after the disaster, we now begin today in this purpose-built courtroom. new inquests into all the deaths
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that day. now, what's key about this, this is not a criminal court case. this is not apportioning blame. this is finding out how and when and where those people died and if there were negligent acts, those will be brought to light. nobody will be brought to charges in this particular court case. >> thanks very much indeed. >> now, the ma hraeugsz authorities announced a new joint coalition in perth. it came hours after tony abbott said there was no time limit for the search. here's what the transport minister had to say at the press conference. >> the militaries of malaysia, united states, new zealand, china, japan, korea are working hand in glove to find the
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missing plane. i should also like to point out that indonesia has given khraoergs for 94 from nine different countries to fly in part of this seven. as prime minister abbott said, it is heartening to see so many working together for a hue man tear yann cause. this morning the prime minister spoke with prime minister tony abbott. there will be a full update on the search out of perth. there will be a working visit to perth air force base to see the operations firsthand.
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>> theo has been following all these developments in recent days. theo, just to make it absolutely clear, have they actually found anything that is linked to the plane in the waters near perth? >> no, they haven't. simple as that. the southern indian ocean is vast, tkdesolate. objects have been sighted in the water, recovered, and found nothing to do with the mh-370. it is a vast area. >> the map we have on the search area released by the australians. >> we had a figure of 254,000 square kilometers for today's searches. you can see the various different parts of the indian ocean have been searched the last three weeks.
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that's based on information related to the speed of the aircraft, where it appeared according to a satellite, handshakes from&pings from the aircraft, satellite pictures of what could be debris. so the search has evolved into different parts of the ocean. you can see the scale of that. all of this happening 1,000 miles arnold from the perth. it's a testimony nominal exertion just to get aircraft out to look for perth. >> on the pilot's personal back grounds, what do we actually know now? >> we have two good pilots. there's nothing to suggest there was anything wrong with the pilots. one inexperienced but qualified. the other very well qualified. after about 40 minutes of flight, on the co-pilot handed
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over to air traffic control. he said good night. a fairly normal piece of banter between the pilots and the air traffic controller. it was due to be taken up by sraoet nap air traffic control. that never happened. at around this time the transponder was switched off. the one that sends outbursts of information about the mechanical heating of the information to ground stations villa satellite, that was also turned off. malaysian authorities remain convinced they were turned off deliberately. they don't know why. there are a number of scenarios lead to go that. it could be the pilots were pulling circuit breakers to isolate the problems. maybe one of the pilots decided to take care of the air cost from his own speculation. if a pilot did decide to take it under his own control, why travel several hours into the
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indian ocean. all of it is completely unknown. until it ask find it will be only speculation. the locator beacon will run out of battery 30 days after the stkepbgt. >> theo leggitt, thanks very much. climate change is affected food security, glaciers and spread of disease according to the intergovernmental panel on climate change. 66 authors contributed to it. it has been signed off by receipts of more than 100 countries. speak of the presentation of the report in japan, the chair of the panel says the risks are high and the time for action is now. >> there is a reason for the the world not really neglecting the findings of the support.
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they are profound. we have said categorically the implications for human security. we have reasons to believe if the world doesn't do anything about mitigating greenhouse gases and the extent of climate change continues to increase, then the very social stability could be extinct. >> matt mcgrath is at the conference that's under way in yokohama, japan. i asked what government have agreed to do about these findings. >> the scientists meeting hope this will be the springboard to a new global agreement. it would limit carbon emissions, putting in adaptation measures. the science, they say, is
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extremely clear. it's been seven years looking attic impacts on chime changes around the world. they say, as you refer to, impacts that are happening right now. impacts happening in the next 20 or 30 years. on the whole range of things. not just natural systems. this is the starkest call yet for action showing that there is real science behind the multitude and affects that are happening. >> getting action and commitment is an absolutely mammoth task. what has been the political response? >> conditions generally very much in favor of everything the ibc says. they send their government representatives here to yokohama. they have been meeting with the scientists and negotiating every single word of this very dense 30-page document. deposits have already signed up
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to its provisions. the problem is paying the bill. it is one of the biggest bills in history. it impacts smaller and developing countries who are having a tough time on climate change. they will have to spend money to get to that. that's the real difficulty in the negotiation process the last year. so the hope is from the scientists is that this will help clarify that situation and the hope is the politicians will agree. it will build a framework for the future and required the adaptation or poorer countries. convicted of bribery over ties to a real estate deal while in his previous post of
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jerusalem. the scandal forced him to step down as premier in 2008. he was convicted in 2012. breach of trust but khraoerld of fraud. we have more details. >> reporter: the former prime minister has been found guilty of bribery. that's never happened in israel here before. the trial kaplt ated the entire country. it highways taken many years to get us here. over an 1 and 45 minutes to be read out. mr. ulle tpher has been accused of taking loans. you can see the development over my shoulder. the holy land residential complex. because of the huge bribes that were paid in the region of quarter of a million dollars that expanded, it is now widely regarded as one of the worst
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eyesores in jerusalem. it brought down his career as prime minister. it looks like it has killed any chances of a political resurrection for him. >> politically, how does this affect the landscape there? it's enormous. it's hard to think of a larger trial. he did harbor ambitions of a return to politics. very difficult to see how that can be achieved with this conviction hanging over. we're still waiting for sentencing. all of that coming in the next few months. we will hear what he will face.
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much more to come. we have a look at the uk immigrants whose visa conditions forced them to work in conditions that amount to modern day slavery. whatever it is that you love to do! booking.yeah! you you made anotherear, human being. or you found that one person out of like, seven billion, who you're meant to be with. one. or you bought a house. or you got a new job. or you went on a really important business trip to des moines. you had a big year. and you should be able to answer some questions about it. that's what taxes are, a recap. the story of your year. and we think you're the best person to tell that story. intuit turbotax, it's amazing what you're capable of.
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see, hotwire checks the competition's rates every day... so they can guarantee their low hotel prices. ♪ h-o-t-w-i-r-e ♪ this is bbc worlds news. i'm geeta guru-murthy with the headlines. the highest level visit to the peninsula since annexation to russia. there are reports that russian troops are withdrawing from ukraine's borders. australian prime minister says there will be time lift on the search for the missing malaysian airlines plane. >> turkey's prime minister has claimed victory in local legislations. the first nationwide vote since
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mass protests. he is well ahead of his nearest opposition. james reynolds is in assemble. >> reporter: the country's prime minister leaving for the capital ankara, decided to take the early signs as a personal victory. >> translator: this is the wedding day of the new turkey. today is week 3 day of the new turkey. 7 million united and together as brothers. >> reporter: earlier at a polling station in istanbul, supporters were desperate to get a look at him. >> we are saying we are with him. he is doing his job very well. but there's so many problems. there have been protests. >> in politics, it's not easy to
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make everybody happen. >> he isn't on the ballot. as you can see, this is all about him anyway. the opposition republican peoples party campaigning here in istanbul has tried to stop the prime minister. its candidates fought to win back the city from the party. he's not in love with istanbul, he told the bbc. he's in love with with north korea. at the opposition headquarters, supporters watched the early results come in. they did not look like they were had he preparing to celebrate. james reynolds, bbc news. socialists suffered a heavy defeat in the second round of local action elections.
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they contained control of paris. hugh scofield has the latest. >> reporter: the french voted and the message they sent to the socialist government was a cruel one. town after town item pelled to the op session in what fell a little short of a route. one consolation they held on to paris. hiago will be the first woman mayor. even here the news was mixed suburbs swinging to the center right. it was the umps night. they took control of 150 towns and cities >> translator: today what matters is how president owe lawn this take this emergency. they are completely disaster for
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the cub country. >> for the far right it was also a good night. they took one in the paris region. they conceded that voters delivered a painful blow. >> translator: this vote, is a defeat for the government. it is marked by a significant number of those who once trusted us. >> but his lit cal future is very much on the line. every expectation that president owe lawn will announce a change of the government. the prime minister may be forced to go. it's been the first since they came to power and failed it. a court in pakistan a court
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has khauld tread sos opinion. he's pleaded not guilty and claims the charges against help are politically motivated. in the uk, the government is licensing modern day slavery where visa rules for domestic workers. they have been tied to one employer after arriving here, meaning they can't move jobs. >> reporter: the city of london amongst the world's richest capitals. each year thousands live here, bringing with them their domestic staff. behind the slow doors of the ri rich, they have come to work in the homes of the wealthy.
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>> a single mother from the philippines came to the uk with her arab employers. she says she was treated like a slave. >> they did not treat me well. they are always screaming and shouting saying i missed two big duties. they never let me to out. they told me if the police to out the police will catch you. >> she has become an illegal my grand and gone into hiding. arli a's's. >> people being physically locked in. allowed sreflts footed.
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sometimes injured physical abuse but definitely psychologically, regularly shouted at, screamed at. sleep deprivation. waking up all hours. maybe even sleeping in the kitchen or the lounge. having no private time or time off at all. >> the situation has worse. it's been compared to the system operating in some systems in like saudi orca tar. they are tied to a sponsor. for some, going back just isn't an option. >> i don't want to leave because i need money. i need to support my children. because i am a single mom. they are only depending on me. >> the uk tpoft is introducing a
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modern slave live wall. it will do little for domestic workers unless they are able to seek help. that's it from me for now. have a good day wherever you are. thanks for watching. bye-bye. nature lover... people person. ♪ and you put up with it all... because he also booked you a room... at this place. planet earth's number one accomodation site: booking.yeah!
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. hello. you're watching "gmt" on about bc world news. our top stories. no hiding from it. climate change is already changing our lives. its effect will be severe, pervasive, irreversible. more flooding, more illnesses. but we can adapt. >> north korea's live fire and return fire from south korea


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