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tv   BBC World News  BBC America  December 22, 2014 10:00am-11:01am EST

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hello, you're watching "gmt" on "bbc world news." i'm lucy hockings. our top stories, south korea responds to a threat from a hacker to its nuclear power plants. drills will test the ability of the nuclear control systems to withstand any potential attack. we're going to be asking how dangerous the threat is worldwide from cyber terrorists. a decade on from asia's devastating tsunami. our correspondent andrew harding returns to meet a young girl left orphaned by the disaster and why her grief is still
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overwhelming. >> my life with my participanen course, very sad. because there is nobody care but me. the bbc learns that fifa executives have been olding secret talks with sepp blatter over the future of the organization's leadership. jamie joins us with the business news. it's a red letter day for air bus. >> yes, it is the first day it's delivering its a350-xwb. air bus has answered to boeing 787. it's the first air bus with both fuselage and wing structures made mainly out of carbon fiber. it hopes it's going to give it the edge over boeing. it's midday here in london. 7:00 a.m. in washington. 9:00 p.m. in south korea, where
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the country is testing the resilience of its nuclear facilities against a cyber attack. hackers are threatening to damage the reactors if they aren't shut down by christmas. they've already leaked sensitive designs and manuals of the plant online, and in the past, south korea has blamed the north for attacks on strategic targets. most recently, north korea was suspected of hacking sony pictures, leading to cinemas cancelling the release of the film "the interview." the country denies it is to blame. steve evans has the latest from the south korean capital seoul. >> reporter: the hackers call themselves the opponents of nuclear power from hawaii. though nobody believes that hawaii is necessarily any connection to them. they've been posting documents, internal documents from the nuclear industry here in south korea on the web over the past few days. now, though, they're also putting warnings up on the web. they say that if three reactors
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aren't closed by christmas day, then a "round of destruction" will occur, and also they're threatening to put about 100,000 new documents on the web. and asking the question, is this really what you want, this kind of information about nuclear power to be out there. now, nobody knows how forceful, how truthful these claims are. what we do know is that hackers have got into the system. the nuclear power company and the government here says that they do not have the power to get into the bit of the computer system, that controls power stations. that they don't have the ability to take over power stations, if you like. but they're also saying that they're going to conduct fake cyber attacks on those systems just to be doubly sure. are these attacks here on power
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stations and the industry connected to sony? the truth is we simply don't know. some analysts here say there are similarities with cyber attacks on banks and television stations. last year here in south korea. and those were eventually linked to north korea. that may be so, but the truth is there's no hard evidence of that at the moment. >> steve evans in seoul. while cyber attacks are becoming more common, as the future of warfare takes shape, in 2010, iran's nuclear enrichment facility was hit by the stuxnet worm. in 2011, nasa's computers were taken over by hackers who used a chinese ip address. in 2014, hackers have become almost a routine part of the ukrainian conflict as cctv and electronic billboards are targeted. with me here is professor ian brown, associate director at
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oxford university's cyber security center. is this about to become a regular feature? >> i think certainly in any kind of warfare going forward, we will absolutely see cyber playing a big part of that. i think the trickier question for governments is how far is critical infrastructure like nuclear power stations, but the rest of power grids, water grids and so on, how well-protected is that against attack? because i think that's where people rightly see the biggest cause for concern. >> is one of the biggest problems the fact that this is just a constantly evolving situation, the technology is changing all the time. it makes it very difficult to protect these kind of facilities. >> i think that is part of it. but i think at the same time, a lot of businesses have not to date shown the attention that they should have in protecting the security of their systems, particularly big companies like sony, where in the end, a lot of the value of the business is in their movies and in the information that their staff is sharing with each other all the time. that's why the sony hack has
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been so damaging to that company. >> why are they not doing this? because surely that is just hugely naive on behalf of these large companies. >> i think perhaps their shareholders will be starting to ask these questions more vigorously. >> okay. let's get back to protecting government infrastructure, because that's the real concern in south korea today. how frankly does a government go about doing that? >> i think what we've heard from south korea so far is reassuring that they have the systems controlling the nuclear power stations, very separate from the auxiliary systems, the human resources systems, for example. that yes, we've seen staff information that's been hacked. manuals about the reactors have been hacked. but those are held in less significant, less secure systems. clearly, the really critical thing for governments is making sure that in nuclear stations and other kinds of critical infrastructure, the control systems are completely isolated from hackers getting in. >> are some countries doing a better job at this than others?
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>> i think many of them are still at an early stage. i think that they will see what is happening today as a reminder that perhaps they need to speed up and perhaps to be sharing thfgs with each other, better about how they're combatting these threats. >> does there need to be a better relationship between governments and the businesses who work in these kind of fields? >> i think gothss -- government need to be setting standards for industry running infrastructure. we've seen standards, particularly in the u.s., where the government has tried so far to take a voluntary approach. only about a quarter of businesses in the power sector in the u.s. taking up some of these sectors. i think governments might have to think about imposing these rules. >> very briefly, can i ask you about north korea because there's so much speculation about what happens there. do you think there is like a cyber army searching for vulnerabilities around the world, particularly in the south? >> we know that north korea invest a huge amount of money in
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its armed forces. it would be surprising if some of that wasn't going into hacking. when we hear from the u.s. government that they think there is a north korean connection, the u.s. government is in a good position to know that. >> thank you very much for joining us. you can get much more on our website as well, including analysis on why the fbi blames north korea for the attack on sony pictures. that's at bbc.com/news. let's bring you up to date with some other news. first to pakistan, where police say they have arrested several people suspected of involvement in the planning of a massacre at a school in peshawar last week. the pakistani taliban claimed responsibility for the attack, which left 141 people dead, including 132 children. after the attack, pakistan lifted a suspension of the death penalty and has since executed six men. researchers in britain have said that reformsed a vo kalted by the international monetary fund may have contributed to the
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spread of ebola in west africa. they found the health care systems in guinea, sierra leone, and liberia had been weakened by the imf's requirement of economic reforms that cut government spending. a spokesman denied there was any link between the spread of ebola and the organization's policies. a judge in spain has ordered that princess cristina federica de borbon be tried on charges of tax fraud. the charges were brought as part of an investigation into her husband's business dealings. this will be the first time that a member of the spanish royal fami family sits there. they both deny any wrong doing. when the indian ocean tsunami struck ten years ago this week, it was one of the biggest natural disasters in recorded history. a huge underwater earthquake generated a massive wave that hit land first in the indonesian province of aceh, then left a trail of devastation right
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across au across asia. a few days later, our correspondent andrew harding met a young girl who was orphaned. he reported on her progress, and ten years on, he's just been back to find her. >> reporter: it's hard to imagine it today. a giant wave 20 meters high hitting this shoreline and racing on. bulldozing its way through an entire city. ten years after the tsunami, aceh looks untouched. but remember this? if earth scraped raw. all buildings, all people swept away. 160,000 people died here. and among the desperate survivors, we found mawada. aged 11, entirely alone. her parents dead, her
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neighborhood gone. a decade later -- >> hello. it's so good to see you. look at you. you're huge. >> i'm so big. >> reporter: you are big. and you speak english. >> yes, i can! i know the words to say! >> reporter: today mawada is a 21-year-old english student. she still lives in the basic house. >> it is so dark. >> reporter: built for her with british money in the months after the tsunami. so the rain comes down and splashes you? >> i can't sleep well. >> reporter: she's safe and healthy, but money is tight. you have pictures? >> oh, no. >> reporter: of your parents? >> no. >> reporter: no pictures? >> there is no picture. >> reporter: so they were destroyed? >> yes. >> reporter: and it's clear the death of her parents still
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weighs heavily. >> my life without my parents, of course, very sad. because there is nobody care about me. nobody love me like my parents. >> reporter: but as devastating as the tsunami was, and this was my journey through the ruins, it's striking to return now and see how much has changed. i remember these streets as a wasteland. it's heartening today to see how well the city has recovered. if you donated money after the tsunami, you should know it made a huge difference. 140,000 new homes. 2,000 miles of new roads. and yet, it's not as if this city ever could forget what happened to it. miles inland, a fishing boat
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still stranded on a rooftop, one of several iconic reminders. as for mawada, thriving now at college, she has a close group of friends and big ambitions. why do you do this? >> i want to be a strong woman. after graduate from this college, i will next -- in america and get job. >> reporter: in many ways, her story is the story of this whole province. rebuilding a life from scratch after the tsunami. it's not been swift or perfect, but it is working. mawada now shares her home with an older sister and her family. her future is no longer defined by the wave that came ashore here ten years ago.
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andrew harding, bbc news, aceh, indonesia. >> it's really wonderful there to hear mawada's story ten years on from that devastating tsunami. do stay with us here on "bbc world news." still to come, could there be change coming at the top of the world's most powerful sporting body? the bbc has learned that fifa executives have beenholding secret talks with sepp blatter. we'll bring you the details. you drop 40 grand on a new set of wheels, then... wham! a minivan t-bones you. guess what: your insurance company will only give you 37-thousand to replace it.
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we have some breaking news to bring you from china. perhaps tying in to president xi jinping's crackdown on corruption and discipline in the party as welling because we're just getting news that an ex-top aide of the former chinese president is now being investigated for serious discipline violation. now we are hearing this from chinese media. mr.ling is 58. he was the principal political
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adviser, an incredibly powerful portion in china and he is being investigated we understand for serious discipline violation. that news just coming to us from chinese media. we will bring you more on that as soon as we get it. the bbc has learned that secret talks have been taking place between fifa officials and sepp blatter over his future as the president of football's world governing body. he does intend to run in may. it would be his fifth term of office. bbc sport has returned that the recent crisis within fifa over an investigation onto world cup bidding, corruption as well could have yet have far reaching effects. with me is richard conway from bbc sport. what's the feeling, richard? is sepp blatter's time up? >> i think it would be a confident person who would say that given this is the man who's led world football since 1998. but what i can say is there is an increasing feeling amongst reform-minded members of fifa's
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ruling executive committee that they need to exert more pressure. that perhaps sepp blatter is now, as one source told me, feeling quite weary after fire-fighting all these scandals, including this recent world cup corruption report, which is hemorrhaging of credibility. that's how they feel. so is he in a position of strength? is he now ready for someone to perhaps take up the mantle and take him on for that may election? those are the questions. >> is there someone waiting in the wings that would get the kind of support needed? >> five of the big six global confederations have already publicly supported sepp blatter, but of course, there are -- these are changing times and these recent events have sharpened people's minds about whether sepp blatter is the right person to go on for another four years. they're looking around for perhaps a credible challenger. someone like jeffrey webb, who leads concacaf, the federation for north america, central america and the caribbean. he's someone who sepp blatter has praised in the past.
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he's someone who perhaps had an eye on a future presidential run. but he now could be the kind of person who would not only have the global summit to take him on, but would have the back of the european confederation as well, getting those vital votes will be all-important. finding the right candidate is what they're trying to do now. >> you mentioned the hemorrhaging of fifa's credibility. that's the sate of the organization at the moment in terms of the public perception as well. do you think replacing sepp blatter would go some way to restoring everyone's faith in the organization? >> there are certainly those within fifa now who are desperate to try and change the culture of the organization to, try and get it back on a different track. sepp blatter himself speaking in morocco talked about how he was determined to take on the fight, how he wanted to reform fifa and see the process through and he was the right man for the job. some of those executive committee colleagues i feel are having second thoughts about sepp blatter continuing on past may. that is the state we're at right now. the deadline is january 29th. that that's what's forcing this
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issue. >> do we know when the garcia report will come out? that will perhaps be the moment when people start to question the organization again. >> this could potentially be the key to it all. this garcia report into that alleged corruption will be issued only when the five investigations that are ongoing into football officials have been completed. when that will be, we don't know. perhaps it could be april, perhaps it could be may. that would be ahead of the election. could that give sepp blatter the opportunity to step aside, saying perhaps that he had completed his reform mission. the garcia report was published. we will have to wait and see. this is a fascinating time for world football. >> and timing could be everything. let's take you to new york now, where police have been ordered to take extra precautions after two officers were shot dead in targeted attack. sentries have been pested outside police stations. it's emerged that the murderer,
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ismaaiyl brinsley, had a long criminal record, including 19 prior offenses and served a two-year sentence on weapons-related offenses. >> reporter: an assassination in broad daylight in the streets of brooklyn. two officers were shot in the head point-blank through the window. they didn't have time to draw their weapons. wenjian liu on the right had been married only two months. rafael ramos on the left was a father of two. >> i would like to thank all those who have shared their sympathy and support for our beloved family member rafael ramos. who will always be loved and missed by many. >> reporter: the gunman was 28-year-old ismaaiyl brinsley, who was already wanted by police in baltimore for shooting and seriously injuring his ex-girlfriend earlier on saturday. after he had killed the officers in new york, he fled to this
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nearby subway station before pulling the trigger on himself. this photo shows the pistol he had used for the attacks. he also posted threatening messages against the police on instagram, referring to the killings of michael brown and eric garner. anger over these cases led to nationwide protests. that civil rights activist the reverend al sharpton said it was reprehensible that anyone should use that to justify murder. eric garner's family sent their condolences to the families of the slain officers. >> and anyone who's standing with us, we want you to not use eric garner's name for violence, because we are not about that. these two police officers lost their lives senselessly. >> reporter: the deaths of these two policemen adds to the number of officers who have been killed in the line of duty in the u.s.
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this year, 122 have died. nearly 50 in gun-related incidents. president obama paid tribute to the officers in new york, and asked that people reject violence. as their bodies were led out of hospital, their colleagues paid their last respects in what's being described as an attack not just on two officers, but on society. bbc news, washington. we have breaking news to bring you now from nigeria. we're getting reports of a bombing at a bus station in gombay city, this is in the northeast of the country. what we are hearing from the red cross in the city is that at least 20 people have been killed. remember the context, this is the latest violence that we're seeing in this part of the world that has been repeatedly targeted by boko haram. a huge amount of violence in that area. the latest, though, that 20 people at least have been kill ed in an explosion.
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the red cross are there. we tend to be getting our news lines at the moment from them. as soon as we have more, we will bring it to you. but they do say they are still looking for many bodies among the carnage. that is the quote from the red cross. scientists say a project to analyze the dna of tens of thousands of people could transform the treatments for cancer and other diseases. the uk's national health service is setting up 11 specialist centers across new england to personalize the development of new tests. james gallagher has more. >> reporter: cancer treatment will be targeted at the precise mutations in dna that's causing a patient's tumor. genetic diseases will be identified by finding mistakes in the 3 billion pairs of letters that make up our genetic code. 11 genomic centers will open.
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their challenge is to sequence 100,000 genomes within three years. it could improve treatment for some patients, but all that money will be made available to researchers to help them create precision drugs for future generations. the medical director said the aim was to make the nhs the most scientifically advanced health care system in the world. it's an exciting day in spain. the whole nation seems to take part, because it's the draw for el gordo, or the fat one. the annual lottery, this year it is worth 2.5 billion euros. that's around $3 billion. the pot will be dwooided between thousands of ticketholders. the largest amount people can win is $490,000 and the dru takes up to four hours. it's under way and there are children involved as well. most people in spain buy a
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ticket and take part. do stay with us here on "gmt," coming up, we have a special report for you from northern iraq where thousands of minority yazidi women and girls are still being held by militants despite the progress made by peshmerga forces. we'll hear from some of them. do stay with us. ♪ ♪ break the ice, with breath freshening cooling crystals.
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this is "gmt" on "bbc world news." i'm lucy hockings. in this half-hour, as kurdish forces say they're close to capturing the town of sinjar in northern iraq from islamic state, we'll hear from the yazidi people who were forced to leave their homes by the militants and then sold into slavery. >> translator: there was one 11-year-old girl, they beat her a lot. they gave her to one fighter and then to another one from mosul. we heard that she killed herself later in mosul. we'll take you live to
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tunisia, the birthplace of the arab spring, as the country waits to hear the result of the country's landmark presidential election. and jamie? >> the consensus seems to be that the papers, the old papers are dead or dying. there are still a few publishers who believe in the hard copy. we'll talk to one who's proving they can still make money by wooing asian readers away from the digital world back to the printed one. welcome back. kurdish authorities say peshmerga forces are making headway in the northern iraqi town of sinjar and have taken control of a large area from islamic state militants. iraqi kurds made the claim during a visit to nearby mount sinjar, where thousands of yazidis fled after the i.s. advance. but the yazidi minority in iraq
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say 3,500 women and girls are still being held by islamic state. many are being used as sex slaves. the yazidis say that four months after they were forced from their homes, the world has forgotten them. paul wood went to northern iraq to met women who have escaped. >> reporter: the yazidis are haunted by what happened to them. it is happening still. an attempt to destroy them as a people. scattered across northern iraq, they speak of mass killings and forced conversions. perhaps most traumatic is the fate of their women and girls. some 3,500,000 are still missing. a few escaped here. the day the so-called islamic state arrived is remembered by this 18-year-old. >> translator: there were 20 of them with long beards and
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weapons. they said, you're coming to mosul. we refused. they hit us and dragged us to their cars. some of us tried to commit suicide. so they took away anything we might use to kill ourselves. they said, yazidis are infidels. now you will live as muslims. they took many girls for sex. we did not know what happened to them later. they told us, forget the life you knew. >> reporter: happy and excited fighters in a video apparently from the islamic state. today is the slave market, god willing, says one. this may look like some kind of terrible joke, but prices for yazidi women are discussed in detail. a fighter laughs and says it costs more for a girl with blue eyes. harma was sold to be a servant.
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>> translator: they put us up for sale. many groups of fighters came to buy. whatever we did, crying, begging, made no difference. an islamic state sheik took the money, it wasn't much, $12 u.s. dollars, and said this is your price. >> reporter: some girls were forced to convert and marry. ohers were passed from man-to-man. two sisters, the older was able to protect the younger from the worst. >> translator: there was one 11-year-old girl, they beat her a lot. they gave her to one fighter and then to another one from mosul. we heard that she killed herself later in mosul. we knew the man who came to buy
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us. it was an odd job man and he came to our house many times. hi became an amir. we asked him to keep us together and he agreed. he was not as bad as the others, but still bad enough. i wish i could cut them all into pieces. >> reporter: people seem stunned. some women returned pregnant. they don't talk about that here. there is shame and grief. there's nothing embarrassed or furtive about the islamic state's use of captured women as sex slaves. in fact, it's even issued official guidance on the practice. christians, jews, and yazidi women can all be captured, it says. it says a fighter can sleep with a virgin as soon as he's taken possession of her. the document also says a fighter can sleep with a pre-puhpre-pew
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pubescent girl if he so chooses. it is a depraved and depressing document. these are the victims of slavery in the 21st century. the yazidis wait for those they left behind. knowing there is little chance they will be rescued. paul wood, bbc news, northern iraq. >> we have more for you on our website about the tragic consequences of islamic state's takeover of parts of iraq. there's a diary there for you, diary entries from mosul. iraq's second-biggest city, but people there are really suffering. many don't have fuel let alone basics like clean water and food. that's at bbc.com/news. after kick starting the arab spring of tlech, tunisia has taken its first steps into full democracy after the first free vote in the country since it gained independence in france in 1956.
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his rival has as yet refused to admit defeat. let's take you to tunisia. mr. essebsi claiming victory, but what do the exit polls say and when can we expect the official announcement? >> reporter: in the last couple of hours, we've actually also had some news from an independent organization, they're putting mr. essebsi ahead. they're putting him between -- they think he managed to score between 53% and 58%. we are expecting these results to be announced either later today or tomorrow. >> many people must be asking around if world right now, why has tunisia managed to succeed? it was the first country that kick started the arab spring, but other countries have so dramatically failed. >> reporter: yes, that is the
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mlg doll million-dollar question. i think a what a lot of obser r observers will say is that the country has always been committed to dialogue, even at times when it seemed that the political process was about to fail, their senior political leaders, including mr. essebsi, the leader of the key islamist party, actually agreed to sit at a table and come to an agreement and be inclusive. i think that's a very important aspect that needs to be stressed. also, i do think tunisia is quite lucky. it's a small country and dunn have the same sectarian or religious divisions that we have seen in other countries in the arab world. >> mr. ebb ebb is an older man, and tunisia is a country with a very young population. did many of them come out to vote, did they see him perhaps as a symbol of stability? >> reporter: i think we have to wait and see until we see the participation figures for young people. but the young people i spoke to
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did not feel very inspired by mr. es ebb or mr. marzouki. they actually felt quite excluded.sebsi or mr. marzouki. they actually felt quite excluded. there are a lot of people that say that mr. essebsi with his political experience, which does date back to dictatorship, is a man who can get things done. he's very well-connected within the administration. among the business elites here. i think if he does put his mind to it, there's certainly the possibility of reforms being passed here. >> very briefly. is his biggest casey aldridge, though, going to be the economy? >> reporter: yes, i do think the biggest challenge here is the economy. not just where the revolution started in the south of the country. a lot of people do not have the same economic opportunities that people have here in the north of the country. unemployment there is much, much higher. there are other problems, like the informal trade has exploded
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on the border with algeria and lib yasm all these issues need to be addressed. that's going to be the biggest challenge for the next government. >> thanks for updating us from tunis. what a day it is for air bus. it's -- >> the first delivery of the plane maker's newest twin aisle a350-xwb. it's a plane that's the first of its kind. it's got a lightweight carbon structure fiber that offers airlines abilities when compared with previous designs. the maung r main thing is the competition with boeing.
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what are the main features the air bus hopes will make it a winner against boeing? >> essentially, the big competitor is the 787 dream liner from boeing. they've had a thousand of those planes ordered. that was the first commercial plane with this light carbon fighter, plastic fuselage, and air bus kind of lost a couple of years. they came up with a design to compete with it that maybe wasn't quite as good as its customers wanted. they changed horses, they changed their management. the first result is the delivery of about 80 of these jetliners to qatar, and they've got about 788 orders, so they're a bit behind. but this is promising to be a pretty successful plane for them and somewhat more profitable than the narrow body planes that they produced, which they've sold in huge numbers. they beat boeing at that end of the market. but they needed this lightweight
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plane with more space inside to really give boeing a run for their money. >> i get confused with some of these models, but what's happening to the a380? i thought that was the one up against the dreamliner. >> no, the a380 is the world's largest passenger plane. upwards of five hundred passengers. it's got four engines, it is very large, and depends on being operated by airlines feeding passengers from other flights. it's been a little bit of a turkey in as much as they've only sold about 318 of those. the finance director of air bus made a rather ambiguous statement the other day, and people might have thought that would drop the 80380. it should break even in 2018. but they really need the sales. and it would seem that these
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slightly smallered my size wide bodies are the planes that airlines really most want. >> very briefly, who's the winner at the moment? >> it's difficult to say. boeing has had a pretty good run. but i think the sense is that maybe air bus is going to take the lead again next year. but it pretty well is neck and neck. >> okay. thanks very much indeed. print media has taken a beating recently. one publication bucking the trend, the global affairs and lifestyle magazine monocle. it prints just ten publications a year. it's got only 18,000 readers, but the magazine is expanding its operations in southeast asia. actually, i caught up with monocle's editor-in-chief and asked him which countries are driving up growth? >> the real growth for us right now. we're talking about 100% growth
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year on year. it's indonesia, the philippines, thailand. we've always had a news gathering presence in hong kong, in tokyo, but we've decided it's time not to just commit to the market by doing events, but also from a news-gathering point of view as well. >> how do you define the trend when so many print media and magazines are struggling? >> consumers like products and they like to be seen with products, whether it's the right eye wear, the right suitcase. they also want to be associated with the right yesterday as well. you don't guetta association if you're on a mobile phone. it just says you're a samsung user or an apple user. it defines you intellectually as well. in many ways, reflects the same way as the handbag or briefcase that someone might want to purchase as well. >> where do you see the future of print media going?
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we talk about a great settle doup that's happening. we're seeing a mie grigs bagrat of view. there's a greater redistribution. not in all sectors. not all corners of the world, but certainly at the top end of the market where we play. >> do you ever see a digital version of monocle? >> we've been living with tablets for a while. some people like them. but it still seems like most people like the crunch and flick of paper. for us, we haven't seen it as a business model. digital in general. we've launched a 24-hour radio station. we have a very strong e-mers business that i think complements our stores around the world. for us, our major content play has been audio and video. >> in terms of your expansion in asia, how are you going to deal with censorship in this region? >> we haven't had that in a region where that's occurred. we've certainly had trouble in the middle east. sometimes we had pages ripped
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out of the magazine, which is extraordinary that you have people whoo are just taking the time to actually cross out entire stories rather than pulling the whole magazine off shelves. that hasn't happened yet. this is where the markets are. dax is up 1%. brent crude above the $60. so we saw a bit of a bounce back in the oil price. slightly up expected. but just a little bit more about the global economy. because of that, a little bit of optimism around the oil price as well. that's it. back to you, lieusy. we're just going to remind you of the breaking news from nigeria of a bombing at a bus station. this is in the very troubled region of northeast nigeria. we're hearing that at least 20 people have been killed and many have been injured.
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is coming to us from the nigerian red cross. the cause of the blast not immediately clear, but the islamist group has been targeting this area for many years, months and years now. they tend to target this part of the world as well. so we will bring you more from nigeria as soon as we get it. do stay with us, though, here on "bbc world news." still to come -- americans call it soccer. your peeps call it football. but we visit pittsburgh to take a closer look at the rise of the beautiful game there. (vo) nourished. rescued. protected. given new hope. during the subaru "share the love" event, subaru owners feel it, too. because when you take home a new subaru, we donate 250 dollars to helping those in need. we'll have given 50 million dollars over seven years. love. it's what makes a subaru, a subaru.
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i'm lucy hockings. the top stories this hour. the bbc has been told of the appalling abuse inflicted by islamist militants in iraq on yazidi women who they capture
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and sell into sex slavery. south korea will test its nuclear plant's ability to withstand a cyber attack after hackers stole sensitive documents and published them online. is russia entering a full-blown economic crisis? that's what russia's former finance minister thinks. speaking at a news conference in moscow, he predicted that russians would feel the full effects of this next year. let's take you to our moscow correspondent steve rosenberg, who was at that news conference. steve, we're not really used to this kind of stark assessment of russia's economy out of moscow. what else did he have to say? >> reporter: lucy, i think what's interesting about this is that just four days ago at his press conference, vladimir putin was being quite up beat and optimistic about the russian economy, saying that russia would get through this and emerge stronger after all these problems. well, today, the man who for 11 years was russian finance minister under putin and under
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medvedev painted a much more pessimistic picture. he said that next year for the first time in 15 years, real incomes in russia will actually fall as a result of inflation and recession. >> translator: i can say that we have entered or we are entering a real economic crisis. a full blown economic crisis. we will feel the full effect of these next year. if the price of oil will be $80 a barrel, the russian economy will constrict. if the oil$60 a barrel, the russian economy will construct 40%. >> what kind of influence does he still have? >> because of his experience, because he was finance minister for 11 years, when he speaks, people listen. he's noted as a future possible prime minister. he's said to have good relations
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with vladimir putin. so i think it is worth listening to him. but at the same time, the ruble had a much better today. last week was an awful week for the national russian currency. but it started better the weak. the ruble has strengthened and that reflects some of the up beat assessments in the pro-government test. there was one russian newspaper that in a cartoon represented the ruble as this coin, doing medication, doing yoga, trying to destress after the dismal week it had last week against the dollar. >> okay, steve, thanks for joining us with that from moscow. now to pittsburgh in the united states, where the ex-pat british community has been making its mark over the past few decades, as well as fish and chip shops, football, or soccer to mare american friends is beginning plarlt. hardcore fans are turning to the english premier league.opularit. hardcore fans are turning to the english premier league. our pop-up drew has been traveling to pittsburgh.
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>> it has a strong industry. known back in the days as the steel city, it's now become known for its new pioneering tech and medical industry. still, sporting here is huge. as always, play football, scored some goals, scored some friends, met a lot of people. one thing i heard from a star is the impact of the british town. there's a lot of british history. >> we're in an historic neighborhood that was actually very much connected with the uk. >> it's hard for me, how passionate some of these americans are without ever going to the ground or anything. >> they call it soccer. i tell them it's not. they say it's football. they say we're in america. i say that's called throw ball. >> they're pretty good. pretty good. >> reporter: so, the river
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hounds. the river hounds are a usl pro team. >> it's an exciting time to be a soccer player in america. in every city, it seems to be the fastest-greing sport. we've got atep dance records for all leagues are up every year. >> i have a dream of playing for my first rit te-- favorite team. >> pittsburgh is one of those cities, if you're doing well, it will be packed. if you lose a game or two in a row, it goes down about 50%. >> we need to make sure the city is behind us first. >> reporter: it operates unlike any other part of the word. it says they do it the american way. >> winning and money. that's about the only thing. there is no way to directly promote. you can win the league four
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times in a row. >> yeah, you need 50 million just to get the franchise. you can get winless. you just rebuild next year you're in the same league again. kind of takes away the romance. >> our pop-up bureau in pittsburgh there. just a reminder of the break news that we've been getting from beijing. this is being reported on chinese state media. the former state aid is being investigated for disciplinary violations. he once served as the head of the communist party's general interest. this was a man who was once like the president's chief of staff from the united states. but this was a man who was the aid to president to, who is now under investigation. one of the best singers in the german speaking world has
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died. he was 80. the austrian-born artist won the contest in 1966. he died of heart failure in switzerland. thank you for being with us on "gmt." two boyfriends. three jobs. you're like "nothing can replace brad!" then liberty mutual calls. and you break into your happy dance. if you sign up for better car replacement, we'll pay for a car that's a model year newer with 15,000 fewer miles than your old one. see car insurance in a whole new light. liberty mutual insurance.
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hello, i'm richard hammond, and this is the "top gear" top forty...one, proof that we sometimes come up with some memorable moments, and also proof that we really can't add up. during this series, i'll be bringing you some of "top gear's" greatest moments. although, this being "top gear," greatest usually means most embarrassing and ending with something on fire. there will be powerslides... whoa, bloody hell. there will be shouting. let's go! you're on fire! you're on fire! oh, yeah! there will be a detailed deconstruction of the motives and principles of metaphysical poetry. ow!

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