tv BBC World News BBC America January 22, 2015 9:00am-10:01am EST
>> announcer: this is bbc america and now live from london, "bbc world news." hello. i'm david eades with b"bbc world news." our top stories. at least six people are killed after a bus stop is shelled in donetsk. international monitors say more than 5,000 people have now died in fighting in ukraine. senior diplomats from more than 20 countries meet in london to coordinate efforts to combat so-called islamic state. a one trillion cash injection for the eurozone a massive stimulus package announced. and with elections just days away we test the mood in
greece, where the main anti-austerity party leads the polls. our thanks for joining us. we start in eastern ukraine, where the violence just goes on. the fight renew call comes with a cease-fire which came from peace talks on wednesday. at least six people were killed in the latest incident after shelling hit a bus stop right in the center of the rebel-held city donetsk. the organization for security and cooperation in europe the osce, whose monitors were at the scene of this attack, says the nine-month conflict has now cost more than 5,000 lives and forced a million people from their homes. ukraine's military also says that its forces have now pulled back from a key terminal at donetsk airport, which has been the scene of so many months of
fighting. the bbc's david kern is in kiev monitoring events for us. i suppose what we see in donetsk today, david, the damage to that bus, the deaths there, just one microcosm of what's been going on for so many months now. >> reporter: yes, indeed. this is nothing new, i guess you could say. we had an incident just last week where a rocket shell hit near another bus outside of donetsk, killing 13. but, yes, this is yet another horrific incident and brings home how bad the fighting is getting in just the last few days. we donate know how many people have died in this recent attack. there are reports of six, nine maybe even as high as 13. apparently, this is -- reports are coming in that this was a mortar attack although that hasn't been confirmed, but that is significant, because mortars have a much shorter span. the ukrainian army says they're
not close enough for one, although that doesn't rule out a chance of another group coming in of the ukrainian army or otherwise. both sides accusing each other. but, of course along with the developments at the airport, this very bitter battleground between the russian-backed separatists and the ukrainian army on the fact that the ukrainian army has pulled back from the airport. it shows that the fighting instead of getting less as people have hoped in berlin it is, in fact getting worse. >> yeah, we got the american ambassador to the u.n. for example, talking about essentially a russian occupation move. how weakened damaged is the ukrainian government and the ukrainian forces? >> well it's typical to see as how this goes on it brings a great deal of pressure on the government. the forces do seem to be very much on the backs right now. they pulled out this very strategic and symbolic structure of the new terminal, but also
coming under heavy pressure in other towns around the donetsk region. as the talks continue whether they can reach a cease-fire but, of course the government here is trying very much to deal with the situation, trying to stop the hemorrhaging i guess you could say, the fighting that's going on, but so far, that's not happening. >> david thanks very much indeed. david stern, who's in kiev for us. the meeting of top diplomats taking place here in london as well. 21 of them in fact to discuss how best to tackle the islamic state militants. well, among those attending this conference, the u.s. secretary of state john kerry. now, ministers are going to be weighing out what they've achieved so far and thousand best to make the next step forward. the jihadist militant group controls large areas of northern syria and iraq where coalition air strikes have been confirmed in these locations in the course of the last few months. you can see the air strikes dotted around the region there. they've been focusing on areas
where if fighters are most active and visible in these red strips, as you can see, across the map. for more on the challenges being faced by the coalition, here's the bbc's diplomatic correspondent, james robin. >> reporter: this is by far the largest of all the weapons deployed in the international effort to destroy isis or so-called islamic state. the american carrier, "uss carl vinson" has already launched more than a thousand missions in less than three months. they hope to find and attack a very elusive enemy. extremist fighters who seized large areas of northern iraq and syria, and inspired followers to kill around the world. now the london conference of some 20 countries, about a third of those nations who fledged support, have to ask tough questions about the difference that their joint campaign is making. it's only a combination of air strikes and ground forces which could eventually overwhelm the
extremists. up in pictures from the kurdish peshmerga forces fighting against islamic militants in iraq give an idea of the scale of the challenge. now militias in london will be exploring how to build on this how to accelerate and intensify a long-term campaign. in president obama's words, to degrade and ultimately destroy the threat. the attacks in france have also changed the politics of global responses to islamist extremism. there's now even greater political pressure on governments from their people to show more decisive results. there's an angry reaction in the united states to another case of police shooting dead a black man. this time it was in new jersey. >> get your [ bleep ] now! show me your [ bleep ] hands! show me your hands! >> it's pretty dramatic stuff, which ended badly. the bridgetown police have
released this video. you can hear the two officers warning a passenger in the car, which had been pulled over for going through a stop sign. now, when he stepped out of the vehicle, with his hands raised he was shot dead. one of the two officers was also black. both of those officers have been put on leave while the case is under investigation. okay let's move on to the business news. there's a lot to talk about. aaron, the eb -- >> we're expecting to go from teasing to easing. let me explain, david. thank you. hello there, again. we start in frankfort where it is, let's be frank, a hugely important day for the european central bank the ecb. because if a few hours' time the bank's governor mario draghi, he's widely expected to announce this massive economic stimulus program in the form of quantitative easing. so what could be the scale of the plan in europe? let's take a look. because according to reports,
the ecb could pump $50 billion euros a month, basically, new cash, pump it into the economy. most of it is likely to be spent on european government bonds, which is just government debt. it could also go on some corporate debt. a report by bloomberg says draghi wants the plan to continue until the end of 2016 which would mean yes, spending over 1 trillion euros. the issue has certainly sparked fierce debate within europe. germany has been concerned that qe will effectively mean the central bank financing the european government by buying their debt their bond instead of pushing them to make structural reforms. but it seems the state of the region economy, well has finally convinced the critics that action is needed. so we'll be across that certainly, as soon as it comes out. we're also live throughout the day in the wonderful swiss ski resort of davos, where the top business leaders, politicians celebrities have been gathering for the world economic forum.
delegates are talking about that ge decision of course as well as plunging oil prices the crisis in ukraine, and the internet of things. we'll have more from the meeting through the day, including talking to some big wigs. some very influential, they call them. okay madrid has got its tenth triumph by topping the football watch list for the tenth straight year with whopping revenues of $637 million. manchester united moved up from fourth to second on the list. and this is all based on the season, the 2013-'14 season and the revenues. by munich barcelona, and paris filled the next spots. the report found that the total combined revenue for the top 20 richest clubs rose by 14% to $6 $6.2 billion. that is in euros, right there on the screen. that only looks at revenues accrued. it does not take into account
the debt some of these clubs have. okay, lots going on. follow me on twitter. tweet me, i'll tweet you right back. you can get me @bbcaaron. that's business. more business coming up on "gmt" in just over an hour's time. to germany now, thousands of people have held a rally oppose opposing what the organizers say the islamization of europe. just before the start of this rally, one of the protest leaders resigned after a newspaper printed a photo of him posing as adolf hitler. police stepped in to keep the peace between the protesters and thousands of germans who say muslims are more than welcome in their country. our correspondent, jenny hill, reports. >> reporter: they march, they tell us because no one listens. this is pegida a movement whose leaders say they're not racist they're not anti-immigration, they simply give a voice to the people.
>> translator: i'm i'm german, she says. i don't want my granddaughter to end up wearing a burka. if they're tourists students, politically politically persecuted they can come. but migrants no way. what you can hear them shouting is we are the people a catchphrase chanted years ago. their demonstrations helped to bring down the berlin wall. it's the kind of people power pegida aims to emulate. a position that enrages many germans. for every pegida demonstration, there's a counterprotest. i'm glad he says, so many citizens stand up against this
group. foreigners especially refugees are to be welcome in our country. >> i think they are scared to split what we have. and we have enough. >> pegida's founder has stood down, after the german press published this picture, reportedly an old image from lutz bachmann's facebook page. he's apologized for online posts, describing asylum seekers as animals and scumbags. this movement is controversial, dismissed by the political establishment, rejected by most germans, but pegida's ignited a public debate and it's getting harder to ignore. jenny hill bbc news. you're watching "bbc world news." do stay with us. still to come in the program, so much for the american dream. we go to arizona to a trailer park to see how people are coping.
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you're watching "bbc world news" news". i'm david eades. the latest headlines. at least six people have been killed after a bus stop was shelled in donetsk in eastern ukraine. senior diplomats from more than 20 countries are meeting in london to coordinate their efforts to combat so-called islamic state. the greek election campaign enters its final two days the main anti-austerity party is leading in the opinion polls. this is the left wing series party, there's a five percentage point lead over the governing conservatives now, which rather suggests what's in line to become the biggest party in the general election on sunday. possibly more than just that. that could possibly lead to a standoff with european union and imf lenders and even possibly an exit from the eurozone itself. so an awful lot at stake.
mark lowen is in athens at a cafe now moving into a slightly more cafe society feel mark? >> reporter: absolutely, david. look behind me and it's almost hard to feel the crisis in this part of athens. it's a beautiful, lovely sunny day, the cafes are full people are enjoying themselves. and that is really one part of athens you often don't see in the tv news report that focus very heavily on austerity. but beneath the surface, it is a nation suffering greatly. unemployment over 25% here more than double that among young people. pensions and salaries have been cut by 40% since the crisis began. and that is what they are praying on. they're saying that the pain and austerity has led to nowhere. it's simply led to the debt burden being unsustainable and greek needs to get out of that and change and do something new. let's go through here and speak to a couple of customers. we can speak here to a couple.
i'm going to perch here on the side. >> hello. >> hello. you're on the side of voters i know. how do you feel about the election? >> i'm totally against his opinion, that everything is the same in one day. i think something like a firework. something that will explode in a few weeks or months. >> do you agree? >> no i disagree totally. because now it looks like they understood that the other two parties that were about 40 years now, they were all fees and no you know politicians with the old way. >> reporter: but do you think he can follow through on what he
promises? a renegotiation of the bailout, writing off the greek debt? >> i feel that we have to give him the chance. >> i think he's a too young politician to make things come true as he describes. so i haven't make up my mind yet for who i will vote, but i'm sure that i will not vote him. >> reporter: would you consider voting the outgoing prime minister? >> i'm leaning to -- i'm not sure yet, but i'm not sure about that. there's a very tiny period from the day that both announce -- that the situation is announced. >> would you consider tomas? >> no tomas nothing. he left his party and he was saying he was not going to come back even if he was going to be the chief, and then he came back. he's a liar. so they're going down because this is a problem.
>> the neo-nazi party. and it's got a lot of work to do. and of course if they come to power, there could be a real confrontation with berlin and brussels if they try to go against euro zone policy. >> thanks very much indeed for that, mark lowen in athens. let's head a bit further north in belgium, a week since austerity soldiers say they followed an imminent terrorist plot to launch multiple attacks on the police. on wednesday, they finally announced the names of the two suspects who were shot dead in that raid. our world affairs correspondent paul adams, has this report. >> reporter: belgium had a narrow escape last week an outrage averted, not committed, but the country is rattled and looking for answers. so far, there are very few.
soldiers continue to guard buildings around brussels a sight most belgiums have never seen before. prosecutors have now released the names of two suspects killed in the raid on vervier. 25-year-old sofiane and a 23-year-old. seven other names are listed. almost a week after the dramatic events in vervier the authorities are being remarkably tight-lipped about the nature and extent of the plot they uncovered there, amid a great deal of speculation, the people of belgium are left to ponder what it all means. an immigrant population knows it's under scrutiny. it's an overwhelmingly moroccan neighborhood. the police have carried out several raids here. ishmael says he hears more and more young men talking about leaving to fight in syria.
he says he even managed to stop one from going. >> it's been going on for 2 1/2, 3 years. it's come up a lot lately because they're coming back and that means a danger for europe because they're criminals. they kill people for nothing. it's a danger. has belgium been slow to recognize the problem? a question i put to the mayor? >> translator: europe doesn't understood the scale of this phenomenon, not just belgium. what we can say is belgium failed to integrate the newcomers properly. we just let it happen. and because of that some people retreated into outlays. >> reporter: but in the grand surroundings of the palace a man who spent the past ten years defending young muslims accused of terrorism defenses says it is an elephant in the room
belgium's involvement in the campaign against the group calling itself islamic state. >> translator: it's only when we started bombing muslims over here, that we started having the first hint of hostility and attacks over here in belgium. it's not only poverty and bad integration, that in itself is not enough. >> reporter: whatever the reasons, belgium's narrow escape has thrust this small country into the limelight, forced it to confront the reality of dangerous enemies at home. paul adams, bbc news, brussels. breaking news from nigeria for you. the national security adviser to the president has just says he's advised the electoral commission to delay next month's election. he said this was to give enough time to distribute voters card. 30 million still have to be sent out.
looks like a delay in the election there. now, his state of the union speech this week, president obama hailed the strong recovery of the u.s. economy, at the same time recognizing millions of americans on low wages are really struggling. in the city of tucson of arizona, where the bbc's pop-up team is this month, many people are living in mobile homes and they went to the sleepy hollow mobile home park to find out what life is like for them. >> i had a job in december and now i'm trying to do what i need to do to clean the park up. the park is really ran down. this park's been here since probably 1940. here's what the park used to look like. it was really a nice park. >> we had over 400 spaces. we were totally full. >> how long have you been here?
>> 19 years. >> well i get $8.76 a month and 500 goes to the landlord plus of course there's electricity and gas, which is about $115 a month. you don't have a whole lot for food. >> we had the american dream. when you get old, you live in luxury in these beautiful condominiums. you know? i mean we worked all our lives and so we should -- we should be able to take it easy. >> the owner, he used to put money into this park and it's a loss. it's just a told loss. that's why they're rented as is. you know some move in and destroy them so -- some do nice jobs. >> my living room my kitchen, large dining room. you paint it.
nice cozy home. the main thing is it's mine. >> this is the old manager's place. don't be shocked too much please. this is what she lived in for three years. she moved out three weeks ago. look at the cockroaches that this lady was living in. would you move in here and live like this? >> no. >> there's people that can. there's people that will. >> you've got to try for yourself. you've got to try.
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hello. i'm david eades with "bbc world news." our top stories, at least six people are killed after a bus stop is shelled the in donetsk. the international monitors say more than 5,000 people have now died in fighting in ukraine. senior diplomats from more than 20 countries meet in london to coordinate efforts to combat so-called islamic state. a trillion-euro cash injection for the euro zone expected to announce a massive stimulus package. and with elections just days away, we assess the mood in greece, where the main anti-austerity party leads the
polls. hello. thanks for joining us. we start in eastern ukraine, where the violence just goes on despite renewed calls for a cease-fire at peace talks in berlin on wednesday. now, only six people were killed in this latest incident, it was a shelling of a bus stop. this is right in the center of the rebel-held city of donetsk. the organization for security and cooperation in europe whose monitors have been at the scene of this attack say that the nine-month conflict has now cost more than 5,000 lives and forced a million people out of their homes. ukraine's military also says its forces have pulled back from the key terminal at donetsk air force. this has been the scene, of course, of months of fighting. the bbc's david stern is in
kiev. >> reporter: this is nothing new, i guess you could say, we in fact had an incident just last week where a rocket shell hit near another bus outside of donetsk, killing 13. but, yes, of course this is yet another horrific incident and just brings home how bad the fighting is getting. in just the last few days we had -- we don't know how many people died in this recent attack. there are reports of 6, 9, and maybe even as high as 13. apparently, this is, reports are coming in that this was a mortar attack, although that hasn't been confirmed, but that is significant, because mortars have a much shorter span. the ukrainian army says they're not close enough for one, although that doesn't rule out a chance of another group coming in, of the ukrainian army or otherwise. >> that's david stern in kiev. with me is alexis ulebenco the
ukraine's analyst. how is this being spun at the moment? >> the usual accusations at each other. the ukrainian positions are is it looks like a mortar looks like it was fired in the zone where there are no ukrainian troops. the ukrainian army is at least 15 kilometers away. if it's a mortar they have a range of about 5 kilometers. the mortar was not disputed by the rebels, but the rebels say it penetrated the lines and some are saying they even detained it. but all these details are important as part of a bigger blame, say the russian media, like one of the key channels that is always on the scene of such things in russia is already blaming the ukrainian army for the mass murder. there were some horrible scenes of a ukrainian prisoner of war being brought to the site and the mob of very very angry and emotional people beating them up. so those things are element in a
much bigger blame game between basically russia and ukraine, blameing each other. and despite the various reports of progress in berlin talks, among the foreign ministers, for example, nothing is changing on the ground. and it's not clear how, in the months to come this will change. >> and one wonders, how those talks might move ahead, not at least when -- i mean, the americans seem pretty clear in their language now, a russian occupation plan is the language being used by the u.s. ambassador to the u.n. how can these talks move forward at the moment? >> it's very difficult how they can move forward, because i think, the important thing for them, to move back in a way, because in minsk in september, the sides agreed some key elements. the withdrawal of heavy weaponry monitoring of the separation lines between two sides, and crucial control of the ukrainian/russian border by the ukrainian forces rather than by the rebels. because the biggest suspicion and the biggest fuel of this conflict is the supply and re-supply of weaponry heavy
munitions, of missiles of equipment, and according to the ukrainian authority, also regular troops of the russian federation across the border which pop up the rebels and exonerate the conflict as we see it. but i mean, for the people on the ground frankly, those negotiations probably are looking far fetched, because for them, death, destruction, on a daily basis, killing of children killing of elderly people killing of the bus stops is the reality of war, or the perceived reality of various negotiations and various documents that are being signed. >> and i suppose, classically, in a way, those people caught in donetsk, where we see the picture there, the state of donetsk is just extraordinary, isn't it? they are pawns in this bigger game? >> they are. but it would be very very difficult. whatever happens in a year's time, in two year's time whatever the status of those territories, the bitter attitudes of people now, what this war is doing, is basically
separating people who are living together and not really caring whether they spoke russian or spoke ukrainian. they were citizens of one country. and now they're bitter enemies within one country. and it's very very difficult to see how peace will come into their minds. peace may be on the ground but not necessarily in the minds of the people in years to come. >> olexy, thanks very much. to a meeting now of diplomats from 22 countries, which is getting underway in london. and that's to discuss how to tackle the jihadist group, islamic state. the ministers want to find ways of halting the flow of recruits to if also of cutting off its funding. the u.s. secretary of state, john kerry, is co-hosting this conference with the british foreign secretary, david cameron. this is what he had to say a moment ago about the aim of the gathering. >> we are critically dependent on all 60 plus nations that are engaged in this effort. but as we have put this together
now in a matter of a few months we have gone from zero at the end of september to now, in january, in our fourth month, having stopped isil's advance in iraq, having negated resources, their capacity to move foreign fighters to a significant degree and changed their operations as a result of what we've been able to do. we still have a lot of work to do. and the purpose of coming here is to bring everybody's best advice, everybody's thoughts about where there may be weaknesses. everybody's thoughts about things we can do better put that together improve our own performance and operation, and lay down the strategy for the days ahead. >> john kerry, the eu's counterterrorism department,
thanks very much for joining us. we hear john kerry there saying that we've stopped is's advances we're negating their resources, changing their operations. perhaps the perception is a little bit different to many people. what do you think should be done at this stage to halt some of these challenges or the effects, i should say, some of the channels that is poses? >> that different line of actions, of course military strikes is one of them. but it's not enough. we all agree on this. so we have in europe to be more effective in stemming the flow and that's exactly what the government will most likely discuss on the 12th of february. we have to work on the propaganda of is and we know how much this organization is i.t. savvy, excellent in communications, so we have to be as good as we are. we have to dry up the resource.
it's a lot on the spot. it's extortion, organized crime, kidnapping ransom and we have to help in start doing the government of iraq to really have a more inclusive policy. so that we can put a wedge between the sunni parts and the group of jihadists in iraq. >> let's bring you back to the point you raised at the start, it's about recruits going out from europe essentially, to iraq and sir and the extent of measures the to stop them doing it. how far, do you think, realistically, individual governments go? >> they have already, they've blocked several measures. in some countries, they have managed to really stem the flow. but we need to work more collectively. and that's what we've started doing in the last two years. and especially about border
control, excellent border control. there are some ideas to make them more systemic more harmonized, to feed more of a different database. and if so to work on the root causes. but that's long-term. so we tend to think that the quick improvement at the border is one solution and work on the internet as well. and we start some with the big internet companies. >> i suppose the point you make is long-term, isn't it? these sorts of discussions are about a holistic approach i guess, but they are about long-term. they're not about short-term dealing with the issue, are they? >> some are short-term, like trying to define common risk indicators in order to make the check more effective at the border. indeed make them systemic require legislation that will take two or three years, so more medium long-term.
but in the short-term, by pulling more data together and by defining common risk indicators, i think we can already achieve some results. >> big challenges. thank you very much. >> my pleasure. >> so the greek election campaign is into its final two days, and the main anti-austerity party is leading in the opinion poles. the left wing is a party for five percentage point leader over the government and services, which rather suggests it's in line to become the biggest party in the general election on sunday. it could lead to something of a standoff with european union and imf lenders. and even a possible exit from the eurozone itself. well, could they end up with an overall parliamentary majority. mark lowen has been gauging opinion at a market. >> reporter: it wants an overall majority. at the moment opinion polls
point to the fact they may need to find a coalition partner. but it has a platform which doesn't appear to many other parties. it wants to renegotiate the austerity completely, it wants to write off half of greek debt. it's going to take a very firm line, indeed with europe. so it will struggle to find a partner to sit with it. this is where the crisis was interrupted 4 1/2 years ago and still talking about all these problems. recession, austerity, and bailout. there's a lovely market here. fantastic vegetables and fruit here. it looks lively. it looks healthy. it looks like business is doing well, but beneath the surface, there's a very very sad picture. unemployment of 25%. pensions and salaries have been cut by 30%. people are really struggling. and that is why their still contemplating something completely new. let's talk to statis who is selling this love liqueured meat. how do you think about the
situation at the moment. how has the austerity affected you? >> the situation is pretty bad, the economy is not doing very well and we're waiting for the elections. we hope that monday will be a better day for our country here. >> reporter: have you decided who you're going to vote for in the election? >> yes, of course i do but i don't really want to talk about,on want to tell you what i'm going to do. all i want is to change the whole situation. >> reporter: what needs to change? >> the whole thing. the economy problem we have here in greece. we only want to be from europe is let us decide what we want for our future. let us vote freely. >> reporter: you feel they're putting pressure on greece -- >> pressure and you know the reason why because of the money we need from the euro. >> thank you very much indeed. euro has given greece 230 billion euros over the years, so there's a feeling from berlin brussels, and other countrieses in europe that they want greece to stick to its current path.
but people are willing to rye something new, so desperate are they. back to you. some breaking news from nigeria, as the national security adviser to the president, good lap jonathan has says he has advised the electoral commission to delay next month's election. he said this was to give enough time to distribute voters cards. 30 million of them still have to be sent out. so that news just coming in. and with me is the bbc's houser service. 30 million voters cards. that's a lot of cards. says something about the organization of this election, doesn't it? >> yes. there's a total of over 68 million voters are expected to vote next month. and of course the nigerian electoral commission seems to not have distributed up to half of permanent voter's card in the
country. and thereby outcry because our reporters have listed different polling units in northern nigeria and in southern part of the country, whereas the place is very, very chaotic. people have to spend a lot of time on the queue to get their permanent voter's card. permanent nigerians have been reported to not even have received their permanent voter's card. and one of the newspapers quoted a governor in the central region of country saying former heads of state are yet to receive their permanent voter's card. so even high-profile nigerians are yet to receive their permanent voter's card. word comes can of nigerians. >> dare i say, is anyone really getting more into it than a sort of organizational cup? it's not has if the government is in a terribly favorable light. do they want to put the elections off? >> at the moment there are two things. one, people have been seeing the
electoral empire that i make have not been doing enough to prepare for this election. they had like four years to prepare election but most of -- over half of the voters are yet to receive their permanent voter's card. and so many things are not done at the right time. even do late last year there was an outcry that the federal government was yet to relieve the total amount made for this election, but later on the independent electoral commission said they had received all these amounts. however, the nigerian opposition will not take this advice from you know senior government official in the presidency very likely, because recently we have been seeing that we reject any postponement of our nigeria nigeria's election. we reject anything that has to do with government. so this is coming at a time when the opposition will not be happy, because they have been campaigning vigorously to get
nigerians. >> we'll keep a close watch on this. aliyu, thank you very much. thank you for being with us here on "bbc world news"." still to come in the land of the pyramids, a project even the pharaohs would envy. an exclusive report on the work to double the capacity of the suez canal. go! go! go! he's challenging the very fabric of society. in a post cannonball world! was it grilled cheese? guilty! the aquatic delinquency is a larger issue to this ♪ you did it again, didn't you? yup. ♪ you pay your auto insurance premium every month on the dot. you're like the poster child for paying on time. and then one day you tap the bumper of a station wagon. no big deal... until your insurance company jacks up your rates. you freak out. what good is having insurance if you get punished for using it?
i'm david eades. these are the latest headlines. more violence in eastern ukraine. at least six people are killed after a bus stop is shelled in the rebel-held city of donetsk. and senior diplomats from more than 40 countries are meeting in london to discuss the fight against so-called islamic state. egyptian officials say the expansion of the suez canal, one of the world's most important trade corridors, will be completed on time in august. the chairman of the canal authority has told the bbc, work is going on around the clock to
finish a new lane which will double the capacity of the waterway. well the canal is 146 years old now, it links to mediterranean and the red sea. in all, it handles 7% of global seaborn trade. our correspondent was given rare access to the canal. >> reporter: an aerial display over a prized asset. the suez canal. this promotional video showcases the historic waterway. a source of national pride and revenue. it's being expanded by order of egypt's president, abdul fatah al sisi aimed at refloating a battered economy. a second canal is being carved out of the desert. it's supposed to take three years. the president decreed it should take only one. here is the vision for the
future, the new lane will allow two-way traffic in part of the waterway reducing waiting and transit times. we were taken along the canal on a tug boat seeing some of the works look the way. the egyptian public has funded all this. investing $8.5 billion in just eight days. >> it's rare to get access to the suez canal. it's under tight military control. it has always been strategic and important to egypt and it brings in badly needed hard currency. the hope is the new canal under construction will double the number of ships going through and increase revenues. but more than this. officials say the new waterway will be a symbol of the new egypt. the admiral in charge told me the first ship was sailed through the new lane in august
meeting the one-year deadline and creating a legacy for future generations. >> the suez canal is history for egypt, okay? our grandfathers digging the first canal. and really digging the new suez canal. that's for the future and for our children and grandchild. >> the suez canal, never far from the news in its 87 years of history, hits the headlines like a bombshell. >> reporter: a news report from 1956 when egypt seized the canal from britain and france. a moment of triumph for president nasr and the egyptian people. the canal remains a symbol of national pride here but experts say the money to expand it might be better spent elsewhere. >> in the case of the suez
canal, it's a patriotic project, first of all by developing something the people can feel proud of. and that's very difficult to quantify. from an economic point of view, it can be argued i think, pretty well that around $8 billion could have been better used on upgrading egypt's infrastructure. our power stations on upgrading the rail wind structure, mass transit support in the cities new housing. >> reporter: but the authorities are banking on landmark projects like this one. they can't afford to fail here. without tangible economic progress, there could be more unrest on the horizon. breaking news from cairo, as an egyptian court has ordered the release of the two sons of the former and ousted president, hosni mubarak, pending a corruption retrial. this according to a judicial
official. their lawyer said that they were freed the from the prison after the court order, because they'd served the maximum pre-trial detention period. so mubarak's two sons are out or due to be released any moment. we wait for any news on hosni mubarak himself. iran's supreme leader has written a letter to young people in europe and america, implying that the west has tried to spread hatred of islam. his letter follows the terror attack in france which led to the deaths of 17 people. and he appeals to young people in the west to guard against what he calls disinformation campaign, and urges them to gain knowledge of islam firsthand by reading the koran and other primary sources. well with me now is our bbc persian. why do you think he put this out? >> i don't think he was hoping to boost the sale of the koran,
but for young westerners to log on to his website. he was trying to make the point and hopefully to the media coverage in the western world, try to deliver the point that iran is not associated with the kind of activities we've seen from isis or al qaeda. that iran's brand of shia islam is different to the brand of extremism we've been seeing. >> quite interesting about what he's had to say about europe and north america and their past. what kind of response if not from western europe but from within. what kind of response has there been today? >> as the news came out, his message was published last night, so the iranian press haven't had time to run it but the iranian state tv have been running it as a top story. and in the commentary, they actually look at the western media coverage as the extensive reaction in the world to the supreme leader's message. but among the iranian social media, it's very interesting to see what iranians themselves
saying. obviously, the iranian social media is a venue nor the irani critics to express their opinions. but the critics have some interesting anecdotes. i've brought them here with me. for example, some have said premium leader you yourself are limiting our access to the internet, yet you use this medium to deliver your message to the west. some have said that well have you asked the western youngsters, after reading the primary sources of islam, referring to the contradiction now existing between some 25 years ago, when the iranian supreme leader asked everyone to assassinate rushdie and the activities seen in paris. and we have had another commentary saying let's hope the western youth don't, from a sec secularist. >> well, thanks very much, indeed, for that. and thank you for watching
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and ask one of their representatives about a plan that meets your needs. i'm definitely gonna call about the colonial penn program. hello you're watching gmt. i'm lucy hockings. our top stories, ordinary people on a bus in donetsk are the latest victims of the bloody conflict in ukraine. at least eight people are killed. and it's unclear which side was responsible for the attack, but it comes as ukrainian forces lose control of the airports of pro-russian rebels. we'll take you live to donetsk and also to the capital, kiev. and on a day europe's central bank is expected to announce a huge injection of cash into the economy, we're in europe's most indebted country, greece as it