this is bbc news. the headlines at nine: eight out of ten young carers are not receiving the help they need from social services, according to the children's commissioner for england. this is often systematic support for vulnerable family members who may have mental illness for physical disabilities. countering electoral fraud — voters in some parts of england will be asked to show id in pilot schemes. russian crash investigators recover a black box flight recorder from the military aircraft, which crashed into the black sea, killing 92 people. the "prevent" anti—extremism programme is defended by leicestershire‘s chief constable. simon cole describes some of the criticism as "hysterical". also in the next hour:
tributes to the character actor liz smith who has died at the age of 95. does this then play cassettes as well? no, it isjust cds. does this then play cassettes as well? no, it isjust (05. have you got cassettes as well? well? no, it isjust cds. have you got cassettes as well? no. in the next half an hour, join me nick miller for weather world as we hitch a ride on snowdon‘s mountain railway. the tourists may have gone, but it's still a busy time of year. good morning and welcome to bbc news. the children's commissioner for england says the vast majority of young carers receive no support from local authority social services.
anne longfield says four out of five are "going under the radar". the local government association said funding cuts meant councils were being forced to make difficult decisions. helena lee reports. this is daniel, one of thousands of young carers in england. he's ten and lives with his mum, florella, who has a brain tumour. daniel is her main carer at home. when he's not at school, he helps around the house, but he constantly worries about his mum when he isn't there. i started becoming more responsible and i started doing the cleaning. started doing cooking better. i started paying more attention to what my mum was doing. then, because i wasn't around, i was always worried about how she was. today's report by the children's commissioner found of the 160,000 young carers in england, just over 128,000 children aged 5—17 may not be known to local authorities. and councils identified 160
young carers in england who are under the age of five. this is often systematic support for vulnerable family members who may have mental illness or physical disabilities. they need to be able to flourish at school, they need to be able to enjoy childhood and grow up, whilst they're still offering the familial support that you would expect. the local government association says funding cuts to children's services means councils are being forced to make difficult decisions about what support they are able to provide. but it says all young carers should receive an assessment to find out if they need help. helena lee, bbc news. england's chief nursing officer has urged the nhs to invest more in caring for people at home. jane cummings says money is being wasted on keeping elderly patients in hospital unnecessarily.
she says reform is needed to make sure patients don't get caught between different parts of the system. voters will have to show proof of identity before being allowed to vote in a government pilot scheme to reduce electoral fraud. a number of councils in england, including birmingham and bradford, will trial the scheme at local elections in 2018. with me is our political correspondent tom bateman. first of all, what is the scale of electoral fraud? there was a pretty notorious case in tower hamlets a couple of years ago where the directly direct elected mayor, lu kfor directly direct elected mayor, lukfor rahman, was accused of intimidation to ask people to vote for him, and he was found guilty of electoral fraud and removed from office. in terms of criminal convictions, numbers are lower,
there are maybe a couple of year, and allegations in the hundreds, but and allegations in the hundreds, but a report commissioned earlier this year by sir eric pickles looked to kill only at this case in tower hamlets and others, and said we have a trust —based system, particularly in england, and that is open to abuse, and even if those cases we hear about are potentially the tip of the iceberg, there may be more going on, so he made these recommendations, particularly this idea of voters having to show id at polling stations, and trying to crack down on the rigging of postal votes as well. so if there is the potential for there to be a serious issue, why is this being done on a trial basis? because it would be a radical change for voters to have to turn up with ide, that could be anything like a passport, driving licence or utilities bill, i think
the government is keen that this should be trialled first so they can iron out any difficulties. it is important to say in northern ireland this has been happening for years without any problems. voters are quite used to it, the government says it doesn't have any noticeable effect on turnout. but despite all of that, there are serious criticisms. thank you, tom. the magistrates association has expressed concern about plans to allow people to go online to enter guilty pleas and pay fines for some minor offences. it says an internet—only system could lower public confidence. the ministry ofjustice said it received "a significant number" of responses to a consultation about the plans, which it will now look at. liz smith, the actress best known for playing nana in the sitcom the royle family, has died at the age of 95. a spokesperson for her family announced she passed away on christmas eve. peter ruddick has been looking back at her life. what is she? she's a vegetarian, nana.
0hhh! could you have some wafer thin ham? could she have wafer thin ham, barbara? no! 0hhh. from dotty nana norma speakman in the royle family to eccentric baker letitia cropley in the vicar of dibley, liz smith carved out a niche playing scatty but hilarious older ladies. it's chocolate spread! chocolate? yeah, yeah. you promise? yeah, yeah, yeah. yeah. all right, i will. very...unusual taste. well, i put in a bit of tara—salamata in as well. she had been through a tough childhood, and an even tougher early career as a single mother of two with a series of part—time jobs. it was only when she was nearly 50 that she got her breakthrough after being offered a theatre role by mike leigh. it was like a wonderful realisation that at last i was being given a chance.
it had come, it had come at last. she may have started late, but she made up for lost time with award—winning roles in tv and film, resulting in her being awarded the mbe in 2009. but it will be as nana, the queen of sheba, for which she will be most remembered. the actor liz smith, who has died at the age of 95. with me now is the writer and directormike leigh, who gave liz smith her breakthrough in 1971 when she landed a part as the downtrodden mother in his independent film bleak moments. thank you for coming in. so she was 50 then? she was, i think she was 49, 50 then? she was, i think she was a9, actually. she had acted and done bits, but she hadn't done anything for a long time. the actors‘
directory, spotlight, everyone has a photo in it, and they would say, who is that dodgy looking woman with a funny face and the hat? i was a bit cautious at first, but when i met her, and she had acted for a while, she was actually demonstrating tories in hamleys and raising her kids —— demonstrating toys in hamleys and raising her kids. but she was a serious trooper. she came and did this great single scene in bleak moments, and she insisted on taking her teeth that, which became the focal point of the scene, and yea rs later the focal point of the scene, and years later i was asked to do my first film for the bbc, hard cammack labour, andi first film for the bbc, hard cammack labour, and i thought if anybody has got the wisdom, this woman is so extraordinary, so unique, so unlike
an actress, so special, that she should have a career, and the great thing is that she has, she did. and the fact that she had got to that agent hadn‘t done lots of acting enhance the fact that she was just a very natural character. that is not really the case. she was a character actress. she never played herself. and she had this extraordinary face and a great sense of humour. so what was she like. how different was she off—screen? she was a charming eccentric. she played the role of being an eccentric, but basically she was a serious, proper person. she was charming, generous to a fault. she loved cats, she had millions of them. she was great. and she was immensely talented as a character actor. she said she owed everything to you because of you giving her that break. show business
isa giving her that break. show business is a fluky thing. there is summit at there now who nobody will ever know about who is better than ever baniyas, and that is the way it goes. and was it literally using her picture in spotlight? it wasn'tjust that. i just called picture in spotlight? it wasn'tjust that. ijust called round. iwas making my first film, and as you know, i worked without a script, so you call up agents and say, there is no script, i have never made a film before, and most agents tell you to go away. but we put it together and it happened from there. so she was working in hamleys. did she go back? she didn‘t have a regularjob there, it was christmas, and she was demonstrating toys, she did odd jobs to raise her kids and feed her family. so as you watched her career blossoming through that later period of her life, what did you think?|j
was of her life, what did you think?” was delighted, and you watch the royle family, and if ever she was a one—off, she was it. royle family, and if ever she was a one-off, she was it. and seeing her 110w one-off, she was it. and seeing her now in the royle family, it is hard to imagine now who else could fill those roles, there isn‘t someone else like that. and there never will be, and it is sad she is no longer with us, and it is great she has lasted till the age of 95. she would probably tell you that is because she was a vegetarian, and those of us she was a vegetarian, and those of us who are not still digestive our christmas turkey i duly concerned. so what will your overriding memory of her be? she was always... i have just done a couple of radio interviews here at the bbc with ricky tomlinson on the line at the
same time, and he talked a great deal about what a trooper she was, a great team player, what fun she was to have around, and she was. she would never say a negative thing about anybody. she was completely positive, if eccentric, lady. thank you, mike leigh, for coming in. russia‘s defence ministry says the first flight recorder from the area of the black sea where one of its military planes crashed on sunday has been found. a massive search operation has been continuing overnight for the bodies of the 92 victims, eleven of which have been found. sophia tran—thomson reports. day and night, search and rescue teams have not stopped on their mission to find the russian military plane which disappeared from air traffic radars on christmas morning. planes, helicopters, submersibles, around a0 ships and more than 3000 people, including 200 divers, are involved in the search.
the plane disappeared from radar two minutes after taking off from sochi‘s adler airport, on sunday. the search area is a approximately 10.5 square kilometres, just off the coast, in the black sea. several bodies have been recovered, but officials believe most are probably trapped inside the remains of the aircraft. translation: the team is currently carrying out a search using sonar that allows us to see the ocean floor as well as objects at the bottom. we also have 820 rescue workers who are visually scanning the surface of the water. several fragments of the plane, including fuselage and tail parts, have been found, however the black box, which could give investigators more of an idea why the plane crashed, is yet to be retrieved. translation: all found parts have been brought ashore and been handed over to the investigators.
the search operation in the area of the plane crash has gone on for 24 hours with no breaks. during the day, one more body was found and recovered. on monday, a national day of mourning was declared. church services have been held across russia, and in moscow a shrine has been set up which grows bigger by the hour. the russian government has said terrorism is not thought to be the likely cause of the crash and the focus is on pilot error or technical fault. but for the families of the 92 victims, which includejournalists, a doctor and dozens of musicians from the alexandrov ensemble, no explanation will bring their loved ones home. sophia tran—thomson, bbc news. the headlines on bbc news: eight out of ten young carers are not receiving the help they need from social services according to the children‘s commissioner for england. voters in some parts of england will be asked to show id — under pilot schemes
to curb electoral fraud. russian crash investigators recover a black box flight recorder from the military aircraft, which crashed into the black sea, killing 92 people. 0k, ok, let‘s catch up with the sport. we can go to the bbc sports citizen ter and join hugh. good morning. manager antonio conte said chelsea‘s 3—0 win over bournemouth in the premier league sent ‘a good message‘. they were missing key players diego costa and ngolo kante but they came through as 3—nil winners thanks to goals from pedro, eden hazard and a late own goal off steve cook. they‘re seven points
clear now at the top, after a club record 12th straight league win. we had chances to score more goals, but for the players, today we played a game without two important players. but i think we played very well. pep guardiola admits it will be tough for his manchester city side to keep up with chelsea in the title race. city are second after a 3—0 win at bottom of the table hull but after yaya toure had opened the scoring from the penalty spot, gaps appeared in the hull defence. this goal from kelechi iheanacho made it 2—0. things got worse for hull in injury time when curtis davies scored an own goal. manchester city are up to second place. they won 3—0 at bottom of the table hull, in a game that was closer than the scoreline suggests. arsenal beat west brom. leicester
lost again at home to everton 2—0. west ham won at swansea, a—1 and sam allardyce‘s first draw in charge at crystal palace ended in a draw. liverpool could move into second and close the gap on chelsea to six points if they beat stoke in today‘s only premier league match. liverpool bossjurgen klopp‘s hoping his team and supporters are recharged after waiting an extra day for their christmas football. atmosphere changes everything, so hopefully all our supporters are recharged after the 25th and the 26th, full of good food and in the best mood for this game, and give everything you can! it took them until boxing day, but bristol rugby have their first win of the season, beating worcester by 28—20. the premiership‘s bottom side played much of the match with 1a men but a hat—trick from tom varndell helped them close the gap on their opponents at the foot of the table to just two points.
there were three derby matches in the pro12. glasgow ended a run of three straight defeats by beating edinburgh 25—12 at murrayfield. cardiff blues beat newport and munster beat leinster in the day‘s other games. that‘s all the sport for now. you can keep up—to—date with all of the day‘s sports news on the bbc sport website. i will have more in the next hour. i will see you soon. see you later, thanks, hugh. japan‘s prime minister, shinzo abe, is in hawaii, for an historic visit to the us naval base at pearl harbour, where 75 years ago, an attack by japanese warplanes drew the united states into world war ii. mr abe will pay his respects alongside barack 0bama this tuesday, after already marking a moment of silence at the national memorial cemetery of the pacific. 0ur washington correspondent, laura bicker, reports. archive: december 7th, 1941 - a date which will live in infamy. the japanese attacks came in waves
during a deadly two hours. bombs ripped through us battleships, crippling the pacific fleet and killing over 2,000 americans. survivors recalled that the once bustling port burned for hours. i had a fire hose in one hand, trying to put out the fires, and with the other i went around memorising these nametags so i could write to their parents and tell them what happened to their sons. after 75 years, a sitting japanese prime minister will attend a service to pray for those lives lost. shinzo abe arrived in hawaii to reaffirm a solemn promise never to repeat the horrors of that war. he‘ll also hold a final meeting with the outgoing us president. the two leaders have developed strong ties over the last eight years. barack 0bama was the first sitting president to visit hiroshima,
a powerful symbol of reconciliation. we force ourselves to feel the dread of children confused by what they see. we listen to a silent cry. shinzo abe spoke of an alliance of hope, as the first japanese prime minister to address the us congress. i offer my eternal condolences. this bond of friendship is hugely important to japan. tokyo feels under threat from a strengthening china and a north korea which is developing nuclear weapons. cheers. kanpai. some fear for the future of the relationship under a new president. archive: those who lost their lives at pearl harbor would never be forgotten. but these few days will be about remembrance and laying to rest the final ghosts of a world war which brought out the worst in humanity. details are emerging
of george michael‘s charity work, as tributes continue to pour in since his death on christmas day. for years the singer had donated money to organisations, and recently worked undercover at a homeless shelter. nick quraishi reports. he was a huge personality, whose life played out in the headlines. but behind this onstage persona, details of george michael‘s charitable donations are now emerging. he had volunteered to work in a homeless shelter, provided it was kept quiet. he paid for a game show contestant to have ivf treatment. and gave sport relief £50,000 when david walliams swam the english channel. children, cancer patients and many other charities also received donations.
last night, tributes came from those closest to him. george michael‘s partner, fadi fawaz, said he‘d never forget this christmas, having found him dead, peacefully in bed, first thing in the morning. his former long—term partner kenny goss paid tribute to an extremely kind and generous man, saying he loved him very, very much. at his home in goring—on—thames in 0xfordshire, fans came to remember their icon. there were emotional scenes at another of his houses, highgate in london, from people struggling to come to terms with his death from suspected heart failure. i know that 2016 has been a bad year, and it is very sad for a lot of artists, but it was george michael that got me, it was. i think we grew up with him, was the main thing. george michael‘s career spanned nearly four decades, and these fans will make sure his music lives on. let‘s cross to our correspondent
emily unia who is outside the singer‘s house in north london. yes, some fans are still coming to lay flowers and write messages because they cannot really handle the news that one of the greatest superstars, their pop heroes has died and this was george michael london home. he was found dead at his home in 0xfordshire, but i think people really just need his home in 0xfordshire, but i think people reallyjust need to feel they can connect with him. there is a greek cypriot flag draped on the railings at the front of the house andi railings at the front of the house and i think it will be a situation that just continue to and i think it will be a situation thatjust continue to say grow as people come and light candles and ta ke people come and light candles and take a moment and pause and reflect and think about the music because that‘s what people will remember about george michael and there are a lot of messages on social media from
a huge number of incredibly famous people who clearly are very, very upset to hear of this very sad news. eltonjohn, paul mccartney, upset to hear of this very sad news. elton john, paul mccartney, cheryl cole, all sorts of people. i will just read some of them to you. paul mccartney saying that george‘s michael music will live on even after his sudden death. eltonjohn said, "i have lost a brilliant friend." madonna saying, "farewell my friend. another great artist leaves us." a lot of people are noting the number of famous people who have died this year in 2016 and how unhappy they are to see so many of the greatest stars of stage and screen and of course music disappear from our lives and i think that‘s something that‘s going to continue for a number of days. but, something that‘s going to continue fora number of days. but, of course, also as we‘ve just heard the charity work that george michael did, extraordinary things like going
undercover in a homeless shelter making everybody else who volunteered there swear they wouldn‘t tell anybody what he was up to. now he has died all these wonderful stories are coming out about his charity work. thank you very much, emily. if you‘re someone who suffers from regular aches and pains, scientists in oxford think they may have found the reason why, and it goes back millions of years. it‘s all to do with the way humans have evolved, as smeetha mundasad has been finding out. 3—d printing the bones of our distant ancestors and imagining how we might look in thousands of years‘ time. an unconventional way to approach an everyday problem. why is it that the humans of today get so muchjoint pain? to answer, scientists looked back at hundreds of ancient skeletons and say evolution could be partly to blame. this is a 30,000—year—old thighbone and it‘s this area here which has changed.
we call it the neck of the thighbone. as we have gone through evolution, this area is getting thicker and thicker whereas we know there is a direct link between this area getting sicker and early arthritis. between this area getting thicker and early arthritis. that is not all. they can nudge their model forward, having a guess at how human skeletons may change in 5,000 years‘ time. these 3—d printed models show what the bones of the future human could look like. scientists say by studying them closely, it‘s clear that the human skeleton is changing and they say if current trends continue, it‘s likely that arthritis and pain will get more common. let‘s consider the shoulder. as we began walking on two legs the shape of the shoulder shifted to compensate for a new gait. look at this space getting narrower and narrower over millions of years.
scientists say this leaves less room for tendons that attach muscles to bone to move. leading to more pain as we reach overhead. and if this pattern continues, it‘s set to get worse in the future. researchers say while evolution may have left us with some unharmful hangovers, physiotherapy and using the right posture can help conquer some of the downsides of our design. they hope projects like this one might help design the joint replacements and surgery of the future. now the weather. good morning. well, it isa now the weather. good morning. well, it is a cold start. we‘ve got some frost around. that could last for much of the day, but it is largely dry. temperatures are still especially across england and wales freezing or below, but there will be a lot of sunshine around as a
result. a bit more cloud at times across northern england and northern ireland and north—west scotland. the showers we‘ve got across north—west scotla nd showers we‘ve got across north—west scotland fading through the course of the day and here too, there is more of a breeze. temperature wise, nothing to write home about. we are at sixes and sevens. as we head through the evening and overnight, quickly the temperature will drop. we will see more fog than we had this morning especially again across parts of england and wales a some of this fog is likely to be dense and may prove to be problematic tomorrow morning. it could take its time to clear. some of it won‘t clear at all and some of it willjust lift into low cloud. if you‘re stuck under that combination, it will feel cold. towards the west, there will be more sunshine around, but for scotland and northern ireland at times, more cloud with rain coming in across the far north—west and temperatures 11 celsius in stornoway, but only four celsius in stornoway, but only four celsius in stornoway, but only four celsius in norwich.